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Encyclopedia > Cannabis political parties

Cannabis political parties are formal political parties set up specifically to legalize cannabis. Given the nature of modern political systems their aims are often not exclusively about the use of the plant cannabis as a drug, but this is a major feature of them. They have been set up in 8 countries to date, including some regional branches. Some use the Marijuana Party name. Some use other names, including Ale Yarok (Green Leaf), Bloc pot, Grassroots Party and Legalise Cannabis Party. See Legal issues of cannabis. Political parties Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A political party is a political organization that seeks to attain political power within a government, usually by participating in electoral campaigns. ... A dried flowered bud of the Cannabis sativa plant. ... Look up Cannabis in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other meanings, see Drug (disambiguation). ... World laws on cannabis possession (small amount). ...

Image:Valencialegalise cannabis.jpg
A poster in Valencia, Spain, urges a vote for the Cannabis Party in Spain's March 2004 general election

Contents

Australia

In the 1970s J.J. McRoach ran for parliament as candidate for the Australian Marijuana Party. He had an advertising campaign funded by a well-meaning anonymous dealer. His party came fourth in the elections. Image File history File links Information_icon. ...


The independent HEMP Legalise Marijuana party continues to run in the upper house in South Australian legislative elections, with their best result being in 1997 when they received 1.7% of the vote, beating relatively popular parties such as the SA Greens and the SA branch of the National Party of Australia. HEMP is an acronym for Help End Marijuana Prohibition, a minority political party in South Australia. ... 2006 election 2002 election 1997 election 1993 election 1989 election 1985 election 1982 election 1979 election 1977 election 1975 election 1973 election 1970 election 1968 election 1965 election 1962 election 1959 election 1956 election 1953 election 1950 election 1921 election 1918 election 1915 election 1902 election 1897 election 1896 election... 1997 (MCMXCVII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Greens South Australia is a Green Party located in South Australia, a member of the federation of the Australian Greens party. ... The National Party of Australia is an Australian conservative political party, which claims to represent rural voters. ...


Canada

In Canada, the Marijuana Party of Canada was launched by the Québécois Bloc pot in February 2000 to work at the federal level. There are also other party organizations at the provincial level. The Marijuana Party is a Canadian federal political party that aims to end prohibition of cannabis. ... Look up Québécois in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Bloc pot is a political party in the Canadian province of Quebec that is dedicated to the legalization of marijuana. ...


Saskatchewan

The Saskatchewan Marijuana Party[1] functions in a politically independent fashion, and does not hold any formal association to any other political organizations federally or provincially. On April 20th of 2006, the party submitted their petition of registration to elections Saskatchewan. The petition was successful and the party was fully registered as a political party in the province of Saskatchewan as of June 7th, 2006. The Saskatchewan Marijuana Party was officially registered as a Political Party in Saskatchewan, June 7 2006. ...


The party leader is currently Nathan Holowaty. Nathan Holowaty has referred to himself as a socially responsible libertarian and believes in the full scale legalization of cannabis. Nathan has a degree in political studies from the University of Saskatchewan. The University of Saskatchewan (U of S) is the largest education institution in the Canadian province of Saskatchewan. ...


The party's president and chief executive is currently Ethan Erkiletian.


British Columbia

In British Columbia, the British Columbia Marijuana Party works independently from the Marijuana Party of Canada. Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo - Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 36 - Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area Ranked 4th - Total 944,735 km... The British Columbia Marijuana Party (BCMP) is a minor political party in the Canadian province of British Columbia that advocates the legalisation of cannabis. ...


Quebec

In Quebec, the Québécois Bloc pot ran in their first election campaign in 1998. In February 2000, the party launched the Marijuana Party of Canada which ran 73 candidates in the 2000 federal election. Bloc pot is now the provincial counterpart of the Marijuana Party of Canada. ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... Look up Québécois in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Bloc pot is a political party in the Canadian province of Quebec that is dedicated to the legalization of marijuana. ... The Marijuana Party is a Canadian federal political party that aims to end prohibition of cannabis. ... The 2000 Canadian federal election was held on November 27, 2000, to elect 301 Members of Parliament to the House of Commons of Canada. ...


Nova Scotia

In Nova Scotia, there is the Marijuana Party of Nova Scotia. Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit(Latin) One defends and the other conquers Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English Government - Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis - Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament - House seats 11 - Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867 (1st) Area...


Israel

Cannabis leaf
Cannabis leaf

In Israel the Ale Yarok (Green Leaf) party participated in the past three elections and was very close to pass to the Knesset. However, they were unsuccessful in legalising marijuana. Image File history File links Marijuana. ... Image File history File links Marijuana. ... Ale Yarok (Green Leaf) is a political party in Israel. ... The modern Knesset building, Israels parliament, in Jerusalem Though similar-sounding, Beit Knesset (בית כנסת) literally means House of Assembly, and refers to a synagogue. ...


New Zealand (Aotearoa)

In New Zealand the Aotearoa Legalise Cannabis Party ran for the first time in 1996. They have never had any Members of Parliament, but have averaged around 1% of the popular vote - one fifth of what is necessary to gain MPs under New Zealand's proportional representation system. A former member, Nandor Tanczos, is an MP as part of the New Zealand Green Party. (He was also New Zealand's first ever Rastafarian Member of Parliament). The party had candidates in the 2005 general election. The Aotearoa Legalise Cannabis Party (sometimes known as the ALCP) is a small political party in New Zealand (Aotearoa). ... Nándor Steven Tánczos (born 1966), a member of the New Zealand Parliament since 1999, represents the Green Party as a list MP. He briefly lost his seat in the 2005 General Election, but ranked next on the party list and agreed to rejoin Parliament following the sudden death... Current Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand logo The Green Party of Aotearoa New Zealand is a political party in the New Zealand parliament. ... Rasta hairstyle Rastafarianism is a religious movement that believes in the divinity of former emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia. ... The 2005 New Zealand general election will be a nation-wide election for the New Zealand Parliament, and is to be held on 17 September 2005. ...


The New Zealand Green Party maintains a cannabis-reform policy, focused around decriminalisation.


Spain

In Spain the Partido Cannabis participated in the Spanish general election, 2004, by standing candidates for seats in the Cortes in three provinces, (Valencia, Alicante and Valladolid). They scored between 0.35% and 1.11% of votes cast. Map of Spains electoral circumscriptions, and the parties leading in each circumscription in the election for the Congress of Deputies Legislative elections were held in Spain on March 14, 2004. ... The Cortes Generales (Spanish for General Courts) is the legislature of Spain. ... Valencia province Valencia (Castilian Spanish: Valencia /balenθja/; Valencian Catalan: València /vałεnsia/) is a province of Spain, in the central part of the Valencian Country. ... Location of Alicante province in Spain. ... Valladolid province Valladolid is a province of western Spain, in the central part of the autonomous community of Castile and León. ...


United Kingdom

Logo of the Legalise Cannabis Alliance
Logo of the Legalise Cannabis Alliance

In the United Kingdom there is the Legalise Cannabis Alliance. Image File history File links Legalise_Cannabis_Alliance_2. ... Image File history File links Legalise_Cannabis_Alliance_2. ... Cannabis leaves The Legalise Cannabis Alliance (LCA) is a political party registered in the United Kingdom with the cannabis leaf image as its emblem. ...


The Legalise Cannabis Alliance (LCA) was registered as a political party in March 1999. The party drew inspiration from the performances of Howard Marks and Buster Nolan as independent legalise cannabis candidates in the 1997 general election. (Howard Marks stood in four different constituencies of the House of Commons.) 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Dennis Howard Marks (born August 13, 1945 in Kenfig Hill, near Bridgend, Wales) achieved notoriety as an international cannabis smuggler through high-profile court cases, connections with groups such as MI6, the IRA, and the Mafia, and his eventual conviction at the hands of the American Drug Enforcement Agency. ... The UK general election, 1997 was held on 1 May 1997. ... A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. ... The House of Commons is the lower house of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ...


By the time of the 2001 general election the party had experience of campaigns in two House of Commons by-elections and various local government elections. In the general election the party contested 13 constituencies and their share of the vote ranged from 1.1% to 2.5%. Tony Blair William Hague Charles Kennedy The UK general election, 2001 was held on 7 June 2001 and was dubbed the quiet landslide by the media. ... A by-election or bye-election is a special election held to fill a political office when the incumbent has died or resigned. ... Local governments are administrative offices of an area smaller than a state or province. ...


In January 2004 cannabis prohibition in the UK was relaxed. Cannabis had been a class B substance under the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971: it became a class C substance. Many people saw this change as virtual 'decriminalisation': it was a long way short of full legalisation. 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Misuse of Drugs Act 1971 is an Act of Parliament, by which the United Kingdom aims to control the possession and supply of numerous drugs and drug-like substances, as listed under the Act, and to enable international co-operation against illegal drug trafficking. ...


The LCA contested 21 constituencies in the 2005 general election. Their share of the vote ranged from 0.6% to 1.8%, falling significantly from its previous levels, presumably because the reclassification of cannabis had made the case for legalisation less pressing. The United Kingdom general election of 2005 was held on Thursday, 5 May 2005. ... Cannabis reclassification in the United Kingdom refers to the transfer of cannabis to a different Class of the Misuse of Drugs Act 1971. ...


Alun Buffry is perhaps the key figure in the party's organisation to date. Alun Buffry (born 1950) in Barry, South Wales, is a cannabis and human rights campaigner. ...


Ireland

In Ireland there were attempts to establish a Cannabis legalisation Party however the government have so far refused to allow any such parties to be registered. A number of individuals including journalist Olaf Tyaransen have stood in various elections (national, Local and European) as independent candidates on a legalise cannabis platform. The only success to date has been the election of "Ming" Luke Flannigan to Roscommon County Council although it is generally accepted that Flannigan's success was also mainly due to his stance on other political issues. Statistics Province: Connacht County Town: Roscommon Code: RN Area: 2,547 km² (983 mi²) Population (2006) 58,700 Website: www. ...


United States

In the United States there is the US Marijuana Party with local chapters in 29 states. There are also state-level parties, none of its representatives has actually run for office. The party logo The US Marijuana Party (or USMJP) is a small political party in the United States. ...


Washington

HempFest


Minnesota

In Minnesota there is the Grassroots Party. Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Area  Ranked 12th  - Total 87,014 sq mi (225,365 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 400 miles (645 km)  - % water 8. ... The Grassroots Party of Minnesota is one of many minor political parties, this one created in the 1980s to oppose drug prohibition. ...


New Jersey

In New Jersey there is The Legalize Marijuana Party founded by Ed Forchion on April 20th, 1998. It has been suggested that this article be split into multiple articles. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Edward Forchion. ...


New York State

In New York State, in 1998 and 2002, the Marijuana Reform Party of New York State ran candidates for governor and other statewide offices. In 2004, a federal judge held that, by running candidates in 1998 and 2002 statewide elections, the Marijuana Reform Party demonstrated a "modicum of support" sufficient to entitle it to an injunction compelling the state board of elections to recognize the party and allow voters to enroll in it. Viable in New York State because of its unique fusion political system, it remains the only political party in the United States recognized on a statewide level and dedicated to the advocacy of marijuana law reform, with the exception of the Libertarian Party, which advocates legalization of all drugs. State nickname: Empire State Other U.S. States Capital Albany Largest city New York Governor George Pataki Official languages None Area 141,205 km² (27th)  - Land 122,409 km²  - Water 18,795 km² (13. ...


Fictitious parties

In a Futurama episode, there is a pro-cannabis party named 'Dudes for the Legalization of Hemp'. Futurama is an Emmy Award-winning animated sitcom created by Matt Groening (creator of The Simpsons) and David X. Cohen for the Fox Network, and will resume airing in 2008 on Comedy Central. ...


Footnotes

  1. ^ See The Saskatchewan Marijuana Party

See also

Wikipedia articles

World laws on cannabis possession (small amount). ...

External pages

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