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Encyclopedia > Canidae
canine
Fossil range: Paleogene - Recent
Coyote (Canis latrans)
Coyote (Canis latrans)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Caniformia
Family: Canidae
G. Fischer de Waldheim, 1817
Genera

The Canidae (′kanə′dē, IPA: /ˈkænədi/) family is a part of the order Carnivora within the mammals (Class Mammalia). Members of the family are called canids and include dogs, wolves, foxes, coyotes, dingoes, jackals, and lycaons. The Canidae family is divided into the "true dogs" (or canines) of the tribe Canini and the "foxes" of the tribe Vulpini. The two species of the basal Caninae are more primitive and don't fit into either tribe. Paleogene (alternatively Palaeogene) period is a unit of geologic time that began 65 and ended 23 million years ago. ... Download high resolution version (1280x731, 1074 KB)This is a file from the Wikimedia Commons, a repository of free content hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. ... For other uses, see Coyote (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Animal (disambiguation). ... Typical Classes See below Chordates (phylum Chordata) are a group of animals that includes the vertebrates, together with several closely related invertebrates. ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the presence of sweat glands, including those that produce milk, and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex... Families 17, See classification The diverse order Carnivora (IPA: or ; from Latin carō (stem carn-) flesh, + vorāre to devour) includes over 260 species of placental mammals. ... Families Canidae Felidae Herpestidae Hyaenidae Mephitidae Mustelidae Nandiniidae Odobenidae Pinnipedia Procyonidae Ursidae Viverridae The diverse order Carnivora includes over 260 placental mammals. ... Johann Fischer von Waldheim Johann Gotthelf Fischer von Waldheim (Grigorij Ivanovitsch Fischer von Waldheim in Russian) (October 13, 1771 – October 18, 1853) was a German anatomist, entomologist and paleontologist. ... This article is about the animal. ... Binomial name Atelocynus Microtis (Sclater, 1883) The Short-eared Dog (Atelocynus microtis), also known as Small Eared Zorro or Short-eared Fox, can be found in South America. ... Species Canis adustus Canis aureus Canis dirus (extinct) Canis latrans Canis lupus Canis mesomelas Canis simensis   † also includes dogs. ... Names: English: Crab-eating fox, Crab-eating zorrocommon zorro, common fox, forest fox. ... Binomial name Chrysocyon brachyurus (Illiger, 1815) The Maned Wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus) is the largest canid of South America. ... Binomial name Cuon alpinus (Pallas, 1811) The Dhole (Cuon alpinus) is a species of wild dog of the Canidae family. ... Binomial name Studiati, 1857 Former range (in red) The Sardinian dhole Cynotherium sardous was an endemic insular canid [1], that occurred on the Italian island of Sardinia. ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Dusicyon australis (Kerr, 1792) The Falkland Island Fox (Dusicyon australis, formerly named Canis antarcticus by Darwin), also known as the Warrah and occasionally as the Falkland Island Wolf or Antarctic Wolf and by Argentine writers as the Malvinas Zorro, was the only native land mammal of the Falkland... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... Binomial name (Krumbiegel, 1947) For the Patagonian Fox, sometimes referred to as the Andean Wolf, see Culpeo. ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Vulpes zerda (Zimmermann, 1780) The Fennec is a small fox found in the desert of Northern Africa (excluding the coast). ... Lycalopex is a genus created by Burmeisteri in 1854 for the Hoary Fox (Pseudalopex vetulus). ... Binomial name Lycaon pictus (Temminck, 1820) The African Hunting Dog (Lycaon pictus) is a mammal of the Canidae family, though related to the domestic dog. ... Binomial name Nyctereutes procyonoides (Gray, 1834) The Raccoon Dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) is a member of the canid family and is considered to be a species of dog although it is often confused with raccoons and badgers. ... Species Pseudalopex culpaeus Pseudalopex fulvipes Pseudalopex griseus Pseudalopex gymnocercus Pseudalopex sechurae Pseudalopex vetulus Pseudalopex is the genus name for South American members of the Canidae family. ... Binomial name Speothos venaticus (Lund, 1842) The Bush Dog (Speothos venaticus) is a canid found in Central and South America, including Panama, Venezuela, Bolivia, Peru (West of the Andes), Ecuador, the Guyanas, Paraguay, North-East Argentina (Misiones province), and Brazil (from the Amazon rainforest to the state of Santa Catarina). ... Species Urocyon cinereoargenteus Urocyon littoralis The genus Urocyon is a genus contains two (possibly three) Western Hemisphere foxes in the family Canidae, the Gray Fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) and the closely-related Island Fox (Urocyon littoralis). ... Species Vulpes bengalensis Vulpes cana Vulpes chama Vulpes corsac Vulpes ferrilata Vulpes lagopus Vulpes macrotis Vulpes pallida Vulpes rueppelli Vulpes velox Vulpes vulpes Vulpes zerda Vulpes is a genus of the Canidae family. ... Families 17, See classification The diverse order Carnivora (IPA: or ; from Latin carō (stem carn-) flesh, + vorāre to devour) includes over 260 species of placental mammals. ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the presence of sweat glands, including those that produce milk, and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex... Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris The dog (Canis lupus familiaris) is a domestic subspecies of the wolf, a mammal of the Canidae family of the order Carnivora. ... Wolf Wolf Man Mount Wolf Wolf Prizes Wolf Spider Wolf 424 Wolf 359 Wolf Point Wolf-herring Frank Wolf Friedrich Wolf Friedrich August Wolf Hugo Wolf Johannes Wolf Julius Wolf Max Franz Joseph Cornelius Wolf Maximilian Wolf Rudolf Wolf Thomas Wolf As Name Wolf Breidenbach Wolf Hirshorn Other The call... This article is about the animal. ... For other uses, see Coyote (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Dingo (disambiguation). ... Species Canis aureus Canis adustus Canis mesomelas A jackal (from Turkish çakal, via Persian shaghal ultimately from Sanskrit sá¹›gālaḥ [1][2]) is any of three (sometimes four) small to medium-sized members of the family Canidae, found in Africa, Asia and Southeastern Europe. ... Binomial name (Temminck, 1820) African Wild Dog range The African Wild Dog, Lycaon pictus also known as the African Hunting Dog, Cape Hunting Dog, or Painted Wolf, is a carnivorous mammal of the Canidae family. ...


These animals are all digitigrades, meaning they walk on their toes. A digitigrade is an animal that stands or walks on its digits, or toes. ...

Contents

Classification

Note that the subdivision of Canidae into "foxes" and "true dogs" may not be in accordance with the actual relations, and that the taxonomic classification of several canines is disputed. Recent DNA analysis has shown, however, that Canini (dogs) and Vulpini (foxes) are valid clades, which exclude two genera: Nyctereutes and Otocyon. These are basal canids and are not closely related to either vulpines or canines. (Some evidence also suggests the same for Urocyon.) Taxonomy, sometimes alpha taxonomy, is the science of finding, describing and naming organisms, thus giving rise to taxa. ... The structure of part of a DNA double helix Deoxyribonucleic acid, or DNA, is a nucleic acid molecule that contains the genetic instructions used in the development and functioning of all known living organisms. ... It has been suggested that Clade be merged into this article or section. ... For other uses, see Genus (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Nyctereutes procyonoides (Gray, 1834) The Raccoon Dog (Nyctereutes procyonoides) is a member of the canid family and is considered to be a species of dog although it is often confused with raccoons and badgers. ... In phylogenetics, basal members of a group diverged earlier than a subgroup of others (or vice versa). ...


Speothos and Chrysocyon are primitive members of Canini, but might be placed in their own clade. Cuon and Lycaon may in fact belong in Canis, and there is evidence that Alopex and Fennecus are not valid clades, but are both part of Vulpes.


The Domestic Dog is listed by some authorities as Canis familiaris and others (including the Smithsonian Institution and the American Society of Mammalogists) as a subspecies of the Gray Wolf (i.e., Canis lupus familiaris); the Red Wolf, Eastern canadian wolf, and Indian wolf may or may not be full species; and the Dingo is variously classified as Canis dingo, Canis lupus dingo, Canis familiaris dingo and Canis lupus familiaris dingo. Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris The dog (Canis lupus familiaris) is a domestic subspecies of the wolf, a mammal of the Canidae family of the order Carnivora. ... The Smithsonian Institution Building or Castle on the National Mall serves as the Institutions headquarters. ... The American Society of Mammalogists (ASM) was founded in 1919. ... “Gray Wolves” redirects here. ... Binomial name Audubon & Bachman, 1851 The Red Wolf (Canis rufus) is a mammal of the order carnivora. ... For other uses, see Species (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Dingo (disambiguation). ...


Evolution

Miacids evolved into the Canidae family about 40 million years ago in the late Eocene to early Oligocene. Wolves, foxes, coyotes, jackals and eventually dogs all evolved from the Canidae family. The Canidae family evolved into three subfamilies: Hesperocyoninae (~39.74-15 Ma), Borophaginae (~36-2 Ma), and the Caninae lineage that led to present-day Canidae inclusive of modern-day wolves, foxes, coyotes, jackals and dogs (Canis familiaris). Similar to the ancestry of the dog was the Hesperocyoninae lineage that led to the coyote-sized Mesocyon of the Oligocene (38-24 Ma). Tomarctus, a wolf/dog-like carnivore, was a Borophaginae that roamed North America some 10 million years ago. From the time of Tomarctus, dog-like carnivores have expanded throughout the world. Cynodictis, also a Borophaginae, emerged about 20 million year ago in the Oligocene and also resembled the modern dog. Its fifth toe showed signs of shorting (signs of the development of the dewclaw). The fox-like Leptocyon was a descendant that branched off from the Caninae lineage. Although the civet resembles a cat more than a dog it is said to be a living resemblance of the Cynodictis (Wang, 1994; Wang et al. 1999). Families Miacidae Viverravidae The miacids were primitive carnivores which lived during the Paleocene and Eocene Epoch. ... Species Hesperocyon is an extinct genus of canids (family Canidae, subfamily Hesperocyoninae) and the most early of the canids to evolve after the Caniformia-Feliformia split some 50-43 million year ago. ... The subfamily Borophaginae is an extinct group of canids that were native to North America, and lived from roughly 34 to 2. ... Cynodictis was a dog-like animal that lived about 20 million years ago. ...


FAMILY CANIDAE


Subfamily: Caninae

  • Basal Caninae
    • Genus Otocyon (present)
      • Bat-eared Fox, Otocyon megalotis (propably a vulpine close to Urocyon)
    • Genus Nyctereutes
      • Raccoon Dog, Nyctereutes procyonoides (propably a canine related to Speothos and perhaps Chrysocyon)

Species Canis adustus Canis aureus Canis dirus (extinct) Canis latrans Canis lupus Canis mesomelas Canis simensis   † also includes dogs. ... Binomial name Canis adustus Sundevall, 1847 The Side-striped jackal (Canis adustus) is a member of the family Canidae, native to central and Southern African. ... Binomial name Linnaeus, 1758 Golden Jackal range The Golden Jackal (Canis aureus), also called the Asiatic or Common Jackal, is a mammal of the order carnivora native to North and East Africa, Southeastern Europe and South Asia to Burma. ... Binomial name Himalayan Wolf (Canis himalayaensis) is described as a new species of wolf native a small region in northern India (Jammu and Kashmir and then Himachal Pradesh) and eastern Nepal in the Himalayas. ... Trinomial name Canis lupus pallipes (Reginald Innes Pocock, 1941) Present distribution of Indian wolf in light blue The Indian Wolf (Canis lupus pallipes), also known as the Indian Gray Wolf or the Peninsular Gray Wolf, is the small subspecies of the Grey Wolf. ... For other uses, see Coyote (disambiguation). ... The Eastern Canadian Wolf, Canis lycaon, is a potentially new wolf species in North America. ... “Gray Wolves” redirects here. ... Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris The dog (Canis lupus familiaris) is a domestic subspecies of the wolf, a mammal of the Canidae family of the order Carnivora. ... For other uses, see Dingo (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Audubon & Bachman, 1851 The Red Wolf (Canis rufus) is a mammal of the order carnivora. ... This article is about North American mammal . ... Binomial name Schreber, 1775 Black-backed Jackal range The Black-backed jackal (Canis mesomelas), also known as the Silver-backed jackal is a mammal of the order carnivora. ... Binomial name Canis simensis Ruppell, 1840 Map of the range of the Ethiopian Wolf. ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Studiati, 1857 Former range (in red) The Sardinian dhole Cynotherium sardous was an endemic insular canid [1], that occurred on the Italian island of Sardinia. ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Cuon alpinus (Pallas, 1811) The Dhole (Cuon alpinus) is a species of wild dog of the Canidae family. ... Binomial name (Temminck, 1820) African Wild Dog range The African Wild Dog, Lycaon pictus also known as the African Hunting Dog, Cape Hunting Dog, or Painted Wolf, is a carnivorous mammal of the Canidae family. ... Binomial name Atelocynus Microtis (Sclater, 1883) Short-eared Dog (Atelocynus microtis) also known as Small Eared Zorro or Short-eared Fox can be found in South America. ... Binomial name Alopex lagopus ({{{author}}}, {{{date}}}) The Crab Eating Fox (Cerdocyon thous), also called the Common Fox or forest fox is a medium-sized fox and is found in South America. ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... Andean Wolf ( Dasycyon Hagenbecki ) This is mysterious canid from Andes. ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... Binomial name (Kerr, 1792) Location of the Falkland Islands The Falkland Island Fox (Dusicyon australis, formerly named Canis antarcticus), also known as the Warrah and occasionally as the Falkland Island Wolf or Antarctic Wolf, was the only native land mammal of the Falkland Islands. ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... Species Pseudalopex culpaeus Pseudalopex fulvipes Pseudalopex griseus Pseudalopex gymnocercus Pseudalopex sechurae Pseudalopex vetulus Pseudalopex is the genus name for South American members of the Canidae family. ... Binomial name Pseudalopex culpaeus (Molina, 1782) The culpeo is a South American species of wild dog. ... Binomial name Pseudalopex fulvipes Synonyms Darwins Fox or Darwins Zorro (Pseudalopex fulvipes) is a small endangered canine from the genus Pseudalopex. ... Binomial name Pseudalopex griseus (Gray, 1837) The Chilla, Grey Zorro or South American Grey Fox (Pseudalopex griseus), also known as the Patagonian Fox, is a species of zorros (false foxes). ... Binomial name Pseudalopex gymnocercus ( Fischer, 1814) Pampas Fox (Pseudalopex gymnocercus), also known as Azaras fox, is a medium sized fox native to South America. ... Binomial name Pseudalopex sechurae Thomas, 1900 The Sechuran Fox (Pseudalopex sechurae), also called Peruvian Desert Fox and sechuran zorro is a South American species of canid. ... Binomial name Pseudalopex vetulus (Lund, 1842) Please note that the Blanfords Fox, or Afghan fox, is also known as Hoary Fox. The Hoary Fox, Pseudalopex vetulus, or Hoary zorro, is a species of zorro (false fox) endemic to Brazil. ... Binomial name Chrysocyon brachyurus (Illiger, 1815) The Maned Wolf (Chrysocyon brachyurus) is the largest canid of South America, resembling a dog with reddish fur. ... Binomial name Speothos venaticus (Lund, 1842) The Bush Dog (Speothos venaticus) is a canid found in Central and South America, including Panama, Venezuela, Bolivia, Peru (West of the Andes), Ecuador, the Guianas, Paraguay, northeast Argentina (Misiones province), and Brazil (from the Amazon rainforest to the state of Amazonas). ... This article is about the animal. ... Species Vulpes bengalensis Vulpes cana Vulpes chama Vulpes corsac Vulpes ferrilata Vulpes lagopus Vulpes macrotis Vulpes pallida Vulpes rueppelli Vulpes velox Vulpes vulpes Vulpes zerda Vulpes is a genus of the Canidae family. ... For other uses, see Red Fox (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Vulpes velox (Say, 1823) The Swift Fox (Vulpes velox) is a small fox found in the western grasslands of North America, for example in Colorado, New Mexico and Texas. ... This article is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Binomial name Vulpes corsac (Linnaeus, 1768) The Corsac Fox (Vulpes corsac) is a species of fox. ... Binomial name Vulpes chama (A Smith, 1833) The Cape Fox (Vulpes chama), also called Cama Fox or Silver-backed Fox is a small fox. ... Binomial name Vulpes pallida (Cretzschmar, 1827) The Pale Fox (Vulpes pallida) is a species of fox which inhabits the Sahel from Senegal in the west to Sudan in the east. ... Binomial name Vulpes bengalensis (Shaw, 1800) // Range and Habitat The Indian fox (Vulpes bengalensis) is a fox endemic to the Indian subcontinent and is found from the Himalayan foothills and Terai of Nepal through southern India and from southern and eastern Pakistan to eastern India and southeastern Bangladesh Appearance Vulpes... Tibetan Fox (Vulpes ferrilata) Lives at a high plateau of Tibet, bordering on China and India. ... Binomial name Vulpes cana (Blanford, 1877) Range of Blanfords Fox Please note that two a. ... Binomial name Vulpes rueppelli (Schinz, 1825) Rüppells Fox or Sand Fox (Vulpes rueppelli) is a species of fox living in North Africa and the Middle East, from Morocco to Afghanistan. ... Binomial name (Zimmermann, 1780) Fennec fox range Synonyms Fennec zerda Zimmermann, 1780 For the aircraft, see T-28 Trojan The fennec fox is a small fox found in the Sahara Desert of North Africa (excluding the coast) and in some parts of Arabia, which has distinctive oversized ears. ... Species Urocyon cinereoargenteus Urocyon littoralis The genus Urocyon is a genus contains two (possibly three) Western Hemisphere foxes in the family Canidae, the Gray Fox (Urocyon cinereoargenteus) and the closely-related Island Fox (Urocyon littoralis). ... For other uses, see Gray Fox (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Urocyon littoralis (Baird, 1857) The Island Fox (Urocyon littoralis) is a small fox that is native to six of the eight Channel Islands of California. ... Binomial name Urocyon sp. ... Binomial name Otocyon megalotis (Desmarest, 1822) The Bat-eared Fox is a canid of the African savanna. ... It has been suggested that tanuki be merged into this article or section. ...

Fossil Canidae

Classification of Hesperocyoninae from Wang (1994). Classification of Borophaginae from Wang et al. (1999).


Prehistoric Caninae

  • Canini
    • Genus Canis
      • Dire Wolf, Canis dirus (1 Ma )
      • Canis arnensis (3.4 Ma, )
      • Canis (Eucyon) cipio (8.2 Ma , probably first species of Canis genus)
      • Canis etruscus (3.4 Ma )
      • Canis falconeri (2.6 Ma )
      • Canis mosbachensis (0.787 Ma )
      • Canis lepophagus (4-5 Ma )
      • Canis donnezani (4.0-3.1 Ma , probably ancestor of wolves)
      • Canis edwardii (1.8 Ma , first species of wolf in North America)
      • Canis gezi
      • Canis nehringi
      • Canis ameghinoi
      • Canis michauxi
      • Canis adoxus
      • Canis cautleyi
      • Canis ambrusteri (0.8 Ma )
    • Genus Theriodictis (1.8 Ma )
      • Theriodictis platensis (1.8 Ma )
      • Theriodictis tarijensis (1.8 Ma )
      • Theriodictis (Canis) proplatensis (2.1 Ma )
    • Genus Protocyon
      • Protocyon orcesi
      • Protocyon scagliarum
      • Protocyon troglodytes
    • Genus Dusicyon
      • Dusicyon avus
    • Genus Cerdocyon
    • Genus Nurocyon
      • Nurocyon chonokhariensis
  • Vulpini
    • Genus Vulpes (7 Ma to present)
      • Vulpes alopecoides (2.6 Ma )
      • Vulpes cf. alopecoides (2.6 Ma )
      • Vulpes cf. vulpes (0.1275 Ma )
      • Vulpes galaticus (4.2 Ma )
      • Vulpes riffautae (7 Ma )
  • Basal Canids
    • Genus Nyctereutes (7.1 Ma to present)
      • Nyctereutes cf. donnezani (7.1 Ma )
      • Nyctereutes cf. megamastoides (3.158 Ma )
      • Nyctereutes donnezani (3.4 Ma )
      • Nyctereutes megamostoides (2.6 Ma )
      • Nyctereutes sinensis (3.4 Ma )
  • First Caninae
    • Genus Eucyon (8 Ma †)
      • Eucyon davisi (8.3 Ma , probably ancestor of Canis)
      • Eucyon minor (8 Ma )
      • Eucyon zhoui (8 Ma )
      • Eucyon monticinensis(8 Ma )
      • Eucyon odessanus
    • Genus Leptocyon (24-16 Ma †)
      • Leptocyon vafer (16 Ma)
      • Leptocyon vulpinus (24 Ma)

Borophaginae : (Ma = million years ago) Species Canis adustus Canis aureus Canis dirus (extinct) Canis latrans Canis lupus Canis mesomelas Canis simensis   † also includes dogs. ... Binomial name Leidy, 1858 For the BattleMech also known as Dire Wolf, see Daishi (BattleMech). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Cerdocyon avius Cerdocyon avius is an extinct species of canine closely related to the crab-eating fox. ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... Species Vulpes bengalensis Vulpes cana Vulpes chama Vulpes corsac Vulpes ferrilata Vulpes lagopus Vulpes macrotis Vulpes pallida Vulpes rueppelli Vulpes velox Vulpes vulpes Vulpes zerda Vulpes is a genus of the Canidae family. ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Nyctereutes donnezani Nyctereutes donnezani is an extinct relative of the Raccoon Dog. ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... Leptocyon is an ancient, extinct ancestor of todays foxes and dogs. ... The subfamily Borophaginae is an extinct group of canids that were native to North America, and lived from roughly 34 to 2. ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... Annum is a Latin noun meaning year. ...

    • Genus Aelurodon (16-12 Ma)
      • Aelurodon asthenostylus (16 Ma)
      • Aelurodon ferox (15 Ma)
      • Aelurodon mcgrewi (15 Ma)
      • Aelurodon montanensis (15 Ma)
      • Aelurodon stirtoni (13 Ma)
      • Aelurodon taxoides (12 Ma)
    • Genus Archaeocyon (32 Ma)
      • Archaeocyon leptodus (32 Ma)
      • Archaeocyon pavidus (32 Ma)
      • Archaeocyon falkenbachi
    • Genus Borophagus (12-5 Ma)
      • Borophagu dividersidens (5 Ma)
      • Borophagus hilli (6 Ma)
      • Borophagus hittoralis (12 Ma)
      • Borophagus orc (9 Ma)
      • Borophagus parvus (7 Ma)
      • Borophagus pugnator (9 Ma)
      • Borophagus secundus (9 Ma)
    • Genus Cynarctoides (30-18 Ma)
      • Cynarctoides acridens (24 Ma)
      • Cynarctoides emryi (21 Ma)
      • Cynarctoides gawnae (18 Ma)
      • Cynarctoides harlowi (21 Ma)
      • Cynarctoides lemur (30 Ma)
      • Cynarctoides luskensis (21 Ma)
      • Cynarctoides roii (30 Ma)
    • Genus Cynarctus (16-12 Ma)
      • Cynarctus crucidens (12 Ma)
      • Cynarctus galushai (16 Ma)
      • Cynarctus saxatilis (15 Ma)
      • Cynarctus voorhiesi (13 Ma)
    • Genus Desmocyon (24-19 Ma)
      • Desmocyon matthewi (19 Ma)
      • Desmocyon thompsoni (24 Ma)
    • Genus Epicyon (12-10 Ma)
      • Epicyon haydeni (10 Ma)
      • Epicyon saevus (12 Ma)
      • Epicyon aelurodontoides (10.3-4.9 Ma)
    • Genus Eulopocyon (18-16 Ma)
      • Eulopocyon brachygnathus (16 Ma)
      • Eulopocyon spissidens (18 Ma)
    • Genus Metatomarctus (19-16 Ma)
      • Metatomarctus canavus (19 Ma)
      • Metatomarctus sp. A (16 Ma)
      • Metatomarctus sp. B (16 Ma)
    • Genus Microtomarctus (18 Ma)
      • Microtomarctus conferta (18 Ma)
    • Genus Osteoborus (8 Ma)
      • Osteoborus cynoides
    • Genus Otarocyon (34-30 Ma)
      • Otarocyon cooki (30 Ma)
      • Otarocyon macdonaldi (34 Ma)
    • Genus Oxetocyon (32 Ma)
      • Oxetocyon cuspidatus' (32 Ma)
    • Genus Paracynarctus (19-16 Ma)
      • Paracynarctus kelloggi (19 Ma)
      • Paracynarctus sinclairi (16 Ma)
    • Genus Phlaocyon (30-19 Ma)
      • Phlaocyon annectens (22 Ma)
      • Phlaocyon latidens (30 Ma)
      • Phlaocyon leucosteus (22 Ma)
      • Phlaocyon marslandensis (19 Ma)
      • Phlaocyon minor (30 Ma)
      • Phlaocyon yakolai (19 Ma)
    • Genus Protepicyon (16 Ma)
      • Protepicyon raki (16 Ma)
    • Genus Psalidocyon (16 Ma)
      • Psalidocyon marianae (16 Ma)
    • Genus Rhizocyon (30 Ma)
      • Rhizocyon oregonensis (30 Ma)
    • Genus Tephrocyon (16 Ma)
      • Tephrocyon rurestris (16 Ma)
    • Genus Paratomarctus (16-13 Ma)
      • Paratomarctus euthos (13 Ma)
      • Paratomarctus temerarius (16 Ma)
    • Genus Protomarctus (18 Ma)
      • Protomarctus optatus (18 Ma)
    • Genus Tomarctus (16 Ma)
      • Tomarctus brevirostris (16 Ma)
      • Tomarctus hippophaga (16 Ma)

Hesperocyoninae : (Ma = million years ago) Species[1][2] (type) Aelurodon is an extinct genus of the subfamily Borophaginae. ... Borophagines are extinct canids of the subfamily Borophaginae, which flourished in North America from the Miocene through the Pliocene epochs. ... Epicyon is an extinct canid genus of the subfamily Borophaginae (bone-crushing dogs), native to Miocene North America. ... Osteoborus is an extinct Miocene borophagine that was native to North America. ... Species (type) Phlaocyon is an extinct genus of canine. ... For other uses, see Extinction (disambiguation). ... Annum is a Latin noun meaning year. ...

    • Genus Cynodesmus (32-29 Ma)
      • Cynodesmus martini (29 Ma)
      • Cynodesmus thooides (32 Ma)
    • ?Genus Caedocyon
      • Caedocyon tedfordi
    • Genus Ectopocynus (32-19 Ma)
      • Ectopocynus antiquus (32 Ma)
      • Ectopocynus intermedius (29 Ma)
      • Ectopocynus siplicidens (19 Ma)
    • Genus Enhydrocyon (29-25 Ma)
      • Enhydrocyon basilatus (25 Ma)
      • Enhydrocyon crassidens (25 Ma)
      • Enhydrocyon pahinsintewkpa (29 Ma)
      • Enhydrocyon stenocephalus (29 Ma)
    • Genus Hesperocyon (39.74-34 Ma)
      • Hesperocyon colordensis
      • Hesperocyon gregarius (37 Ma)
    • Genus Mesocyon (34-29 Ma)
      • Mesocyon brachyops (29 Ma)
      • Mesocyon coryphaeus (29 Ma)
      • Mesocyn temnodon
    • Genus Osbornodon (32-18 Ma)
      • Osbornodon fricki (18 Ma)
      • Osbornodon iamonensis (21 Ma)
      • Osbornodon renjiei (33 Ma)
      • Osbornodon sesnoni (32 Ma)
    • Genus Paraenhydrodon (30-25 Ma)
      • Paraenhydrodon joesphi (30 Ma)
      • Paraenhydrodon robustus (25 Ma)
      • Paraenhydrodon wallovianus (26 Ma)
    • Genus Philotrox (29 Ma)
      • Philotrox condoni (29 Ma)
    • Genus Prohespercyon (36 Ma)
      • Prohespercyon wilsoni (36 Ma)
    • Genus Sunkahetanka (29 Ma)
      • Sunkahetanka geringensis (29 Ma)

Species (type) Cynodesmus is an extinct genus of canine. ... Species Hesperocyon is an extinct genus of canine. ...

Dentition

Canines have 42 teeth - their dental formula is: A humans visible teeth. ... Dentition is the development of teeth and their arrangement in the mouth. ...

3.1.4.2
3.1.4.3

The deciduous or baby teeth formula is 3 1 3; molars are completely absent.


See also

Wikispecies has information related to:
Canidae
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Image File history File links Wikispecies-logo. ... Wikispecies is a wiki-based online project supported by the Wikimedia Foundation that aims to create a comprehensive free content catalogue of all species (including animalia, plantae, fungi, bacteria, archaea, and protista). ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

References

  • Wang, X. 1994. Phylogenetic systematics of the Hesperocyoninae (Carnivora, Canidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 221:1-207.
  • Wang, X., R. H. Tedford, and B. E. Taylor. 1999. Phylogenetic systematics of the Borophaginae (Carnivora: Canidae). Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 243:1-391.

External links


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Family Canidae or coyotes, dogs, foxes, jackals, and wolves (443 words)
The Canidae is a relatively samll but homogeneous family of generalized hunters, but it counts among its members such species as the wolf, fox, coyote and domestic dog.
Well, Canidae is a much better food, but at the same time it is not made in particular for dogs with allergies, but it still might work if you dog is allergic to grains and fillers.
Canidae is the family of carnivorous mammals commonly known as canines.
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