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Encyclopedia > Canary Islands
The Canary Islands
(Islas Canarias)
The 'Autonomous Community' of the Canary Islands
(Comunidad Autónoma de Canarias)
Flag of Canary Islands Coat-of-arms of Canary Islands
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem: Arrorró
Map of Canary Islands
Capital Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Official languages Spanish
Ethnic groups Spanish, other minority groups
Area
 – Total
 – % of Spain
Ranked 13th
 7,447 km²
 1.5%
Population
 – Total (2006)
 – % of Spain
 – Density
Ranked 8th
 1,995,833
 4.5%
 268/km²
Demonym
 – English
 – Spanish

 Canary Islander (Canarian)
 canario, canaria
Statute of Autonomy
August 16, 1982
 – Congress seats
 – Senate seats


 15
 13 (11 elected, 2 appointed)
President Paulino Rivero (CC)
ISO 3166-2 ES-CN
Gobierno de Canarias

The Canary Islands (English pronunciation: IPA: /kəˈnæriː ˈaɪləndz/; Spanish: Islas Canarias, IPA: [ˈislas kaˈnarjas]Coordinates: 28°06′N, 15°24′W) are a Spanish archipelago. The archipelago consists of seven major islands, one minor island, and several small islets. They are of volcanic origin and can be found in the North Atlantic Ocean. These islands are located just off the coast of the north-western portion of the African continent/mainland, nearest the political divide of Morocco and Western Sahara. They form the autonomous community of the Canary Islands. The Canary Islands were formed by the Canary hotspot. The status of capital city is shared by the two cities of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife. Missing image image:ccaa-canary. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Canary_Islands. ... Image File history File links Canary_Islands_CoA.svg Summary Coat of Arms of Canary Islands Derived from Image:Flag of the Canary Islands (coa). ... State flag of the Autonomous Community of the Canary Islands. ... An anthem is a composition to an English religious text sung in the context of an Anglican service. ... Arrorró is the anthem of the Canary Islands, a Spanish autonomous community. ... Image File history File links Localización_de_Canarias. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Las Palmas de Gran Canaria is a Spanish city, the capital city of Gran Canaria which is one of the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean, 210 kilometers located off the northwestern coast of Africa. ... Santa Cruz de Tenerife (2005 population 223,148) is a city on the island of Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain. ... An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... An ethnic group is a group of people who identify with one another, or are so identified by others, on the basis of a boundary that distinguishes them from other groups. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... Here is a list of the autonomous communities of Spain in order of area. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... For other uses, see Density (disambiguation). ... Here is a list of the autonomous communities and autonomous cities of Spain in order of population (2005). ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... is the 228th day of the year (229th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... The Cortes Generales (Spanish for General Courts) is the legislature of Spain. ... Type Lower house Houses Congreso de los Diputados President Manuel Marín González, PSOE since 2004 Members 350 Political groups PSOE, PP, CiU, ERC, PNV, IU, Mixto Last elections 2004 Meeting place El Palacio del Congreso de los Diputados, Carrera de San Jerónimo, Madrid Web site www. ... Type Upper house Houses Senate President Francisco Javier Rojo García, PSOE PSE-EE since 2004 Members 259 Political groups PP, PSOE, ECP, PNV, CiU, CC, Mixto Last elections 2004 Meeting place Palacio del Senado, Plaza de la Marina Española, Madrid Web site www. ... Category: ... The Canarian Coalition (Spanish: Coalición Canaria) is a liberal party in the Canary Isles of Spain. ... This is a list of ISO 3166-2 codes for Spain. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ... The Mergui Archipelago The Archipelago Sea, situated between the Gulf of Bothnia and the Gulf of Finland, the largest archipelago in the world by the number of islands. ... Cleveland Volcano in the Aleutian Islands of Alaska photographed from the International Space Station For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Atlantic (disambiguation) The Atlantic Ocean is Earths second-largest ocean, covering approximately one-fifth of its surface. ... A world map showing the continent of Africa Africa is the worlds second-largest and second most-populous continent, after Asia. ... Autonomous communities of Spain. ... The Canary hotspot is marked 18 on map The Canary hotspot is a volcanic hotspot located at the Canary Islands off the north-western coast of Africa. ... Las Palmas de Gran Canaria is a Spanish city, the capital city of Gran Canaria which is one of the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean, 210 kilometers located off the northwestern coast of Africa. ... Santa Cruz de Tenerife (2005 population 223,148) is a city on the island of Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain. ...

Contents

Etymology

The islands' name is likely derived from the Latin term Insula Canaria, meaning Island of the Dogs, a name applied originally only to the island of Gran Canaria. It is thought that the dense population of an endemic breed of large and fierce dogs, like the Canary Mastiff (in Spanish, el Presa Canario), was the characteristic that most struck the few ancient Romans who established contact with the islands by the sea. Gran Canaria, rarely Grand Canary (archaic), is the third largest island of the Canary Islands, an archipelago located in the Atlantic Ocean 210 km from the northwest coast of Africa and belonging to Spain. ... Endemic, in a broad sense, can mean belonging or native to, characteristic of, or prevalent in a particular geography, race, field, area, or environment; Native to an area or scope. ... Trinomial name Canis lupus familiaris The dog (Canis lupus familiaris) is a domestic subspecies of the wolf, a mammal of the Canidae family of the order Carnivora. ... The Perro de Presa Canario is a Molosser type dog from the Canary Islands. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ...

Look up Canary Islands in
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Wiktionary (a portmanteau of wiki and dictionary) is a multilingual, Web-based project to create a free content dictionary, available in over 151 languages. ...

History

Ancient and pre-colonial times

Main article: Canary Islands in pre-colonial times

The islands were known to the Phoenicians, Greeks and Romans, and are mentioned in a number of classical sources. For example, Pliny the Elder describes a Carthaginian expedition to the Canaries, and they may have been the Fortunate Isles of other classical writers. King Juba, the Roman protegee, dispatched a contingent to re-open the dye production facility at Mogador in the early 1st century AD.[1] That same naval force was subsequently sent on an exploration of the Canary Islands, using Mogador as their mission base. Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Phoenicia was an ancient civilization in the north of ancient Canaan, with its heartland along the coastal plain of what is now Lebanon and Syria. ... Ancient Rome was a civilization that grew from a small agricultural community founded on the Italian Peninsula circa the 9th century BC to a massive empire straddling the Mediterranean Sea. ... Classical antiquity is a broad term for a long period of cultural history centered on the Mediterranean Sea, which begins roughly with the earliest-recorded Greek poetry of Homer (7th century BC), and continues through the rise of Christianity and the fall of the Western Roman Empire (5th century AD... Pliny the Elder: an imaginative 19th Century portrait. ... This article is about the ancient city-state of Carthage in North Africa. ... In the Fortunate Isles, also called the Isles (or Islands) of the Blessed (μακαρων νησοι makarôn nêsoi), heroes and other favored mortals in Greek mythology and Celtic mythology were received by the gods into a blissful paradise. ... Juba (or Iuba) was a Roman cognomen, originally used by kings of Numidia. ... The ramparts of Essaouira Essaouira is a city and tourist resort in Morocco, near Marrakesh. ... Look up AD, ad-, and ad in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


When the Europeans began to explore the islands they encountered several indigenous populations living at a Neolithic level of technology. Although the history of the settlement of the Canary Islands is still unclear, linguistic and genetic analyses seem to indicate that at least some of these inhabitants shared a common origin with the Berbers of northern Africa.[2] The pre-colonial inhabitants came to be known collectively as the Guanches, although Guanches was originally the name for the indigenous inhabitants of Tenerife. The term indigenous people has no universal, standard or fixed definition, but can be used about any ethnic group who inhabit the geographic region with which they have the earliest historical connection. ... An array of Neolithic artifacts, including bracelets, axe heads, chisels, and polishing tools. ... Broadly conceived, linguistics is the study of human language, and a linguist is someone who engages in this study. ... This article is about the general scientific term. ... Language(s) Berber languages Religion(s) Islam (mostly Sunni), Christianity (mostly protestant), Judaism Imazighen(in Kabyle and other Berber languages: Imaziγen) are the indigenous peoples of North Africa west of the Nile Valley. ... Guanches (also: Guanchis or Guanchos) were the first known inhabitants of the Canary Islands. ... Flag of Tenerife Tenerife in the Canary Islands chain. ...


Spanish conquest

There are claims that the Portuguese had discovered the Canaries as early as 1336, though there appears to be little evidence for this.[3] In 1402, the Spanish conquest of the islands began, with the expedition of Jean de Béthencourt and Gadifer de la Salle, nobles and vassals of Henry III of Castile, to the island of Lanzarote. From there, they conquered Fuerteventura and El Hierro. Béthencourt received the title King of the Canary Islands, but still recognized King Henry III as his overlord. Events End of the Kemmu restoration and beginning of the Muromachi period in Japan. ... One of ships departing for the 1402 norman expedition (from Le Canarien). Jean de Béthencourt (c. ... Gadifer De La Salle (1340 in Sainte-Radegonde, Vrines, France–1415) was a French soldier of Norman origin who, with Jean de Béthencourt, conquered and explored the Canary Islands. ... Look up vassal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Henry III (October 4, 1379 — 1406), sometimes known as Henry the Sufferer or Henry the Infirm (Spanish: Enrique el Doliente) was the son of John I and succeeded him as King of Castile and León in 1390. ... Morro Jable Fuerteventura, a Spanish island, is one of the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa. ... Hierro redirects here. ...


Béthencourt also established a base on the island of La Gomera, but it would be many years before the island was truly conquered. The natives of La Gomera, and of Gran Canaria, Tenerife, and La Palma, resisted the Spanish invaders for almost a century. In 1448 Maciot de Béthencourt sold the lordship of Lanzarote to Portugal's Prince Henry the Navigator, an action that was not accepted by the natives nor by the Castilians. A crisis swelled to a revolt which lasted until 1459 with the final expulsion of the Portuguese. Finally, in 1479, Portugal recognised Castilian control of the Canary Islands in the Treaty of Alcaçovas. La Gomera is the second smallest island of the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa. ... Gran Canaria, rarely Grand Canary (archaic), is the third largest island of the Canary Islands, an archipelago located in the Atlantic Ocean 210 km from the northwest coast of Africa and belonging to Spain. ... Flag of Tenerife Tenerife in the Canary Islands chain. ... This article is about one of the Canary Islands. ... The Infante Henrique, Duke of Viseu (Porto, March 4, 1394 – Sagres, November 13, 1460); pron. ... The Treaty of Alcaçovas (also known as treaty or Peace of Alcaçovas-Toledo) was signed between the kingdoms of Castile (Castilla) and Portugal in 1479 that put an end to the Castillian civil war begun in 1474 over the succession of the kingdom of Castile. ...

Alonso Fernández de Lugo presenting the captured native kings of Tenerife to Ferdinand and Isabella
Alonso Fernández de Lugo presenting the captured native kings of Tenerife to Ferdinand and Isabella

The Spanish continued to dominate the islands, but due to the topography and the resistance of the native Guanches, complete pacification was not achieved until 1495, when Tenerife and La Palma were finally subdued by Alonso Fernández de Lugo. After that, the Canaries were incorporated into the Kingdom of Castile. Image File history File links AlonsoFernandezdeLugo2. ... Image File history File links AlonsoFernandezdeLugo2. ... Alonso Luis Fernández de Lugo (?-1525), Spanish military man and administrator. ... The Catholic monarchs (Spanish: Reyes Católicos) is the collective title used in history for Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon. ... Alonso Luis Fernández de Lugo (?-1525), Spanish military man and administrator. ... Coat of arms Kingdom of Castile in the 15th century. ...


After the conquest

After the conquest, the Spanish imposed a new economic model, based on single-crop cultivation: first sugar cane; then wine, an important item of trade with England. In this era, the first institutions of colonial government were founded. Both Gran Canaria, since 6 March 1480 a colony of Castile (from 1556 of Spain), and Tenerife, a Spanish colony since 1495, had separate governors. Species Ref: ITIS 42058 as of 2004-05-05 Sugarcane is one of six species of a tall tropical southeast Asian grass (Family Poaceae) having stout fibrous jointed stalks whose sap at one time was the primary source of sugar. ... For other uses, see Wine (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 6 - Treaty of Toledo - Ferdinand and Isabella of Spain recognize African conquests of Afonso of Portugal and he cedes the Canary Islands to Spain Great standing on the Ugra river - Muscovy becomes independent from the Golden Horde. ...


The cities of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife became a stopping point for the Spanish conquerors, traders, and missionaries on their way to the New World. This trade route brought great prosperity to some of the social sectors of the islands. The islands became quite wealthy and soon were attracting merchants and adventurers from all over Europe. Magnificent palaces and churches were built on the island of La Palma during this busy, prosperous period. The Church of El Salvador survives as one of the island's finest examples of the architecture of the 1500s. Las Palmas de Gran Canaria is a Spanish city, the capital city of Gran Canaria which is one of the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean, 210 kilometers located off the northwestern coast of Africa. ... Santa Cruz de Tenerife (2005 population 223,148) is a city on the island of Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain. ... Frontispiece of Peter Martyr dAnghieras De orbe novo (On the New World). Carte dAmérique, Guillaume Delisle, 1722. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


The Canaries' wealth invited attacks by pirates and privateers. Ottoman Turkish admiral and privateer Kemal Reis ventured into the Canaries in 1501, while Murat Reis the Elder captured Lanzarote in 1585. Look up pirate and piracy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... For other uses, see Privateer (disambiguation). ... Motto دولت ابد مدت Devlet-i Ebed-müddet (The Eternal State) Anthem Ottoman imperial anthem Borders in 1683, see: list of territories Capital Söğüt (1299–1326) Bursa (1326–1365) Edirne (1365–1453) Ä°stanbul (1453–1922) Government Monarchy Sultans  - 1281–1326 (first) Osman I  - 1918–22 (last) Mehmed VI Grand Viziers  - 1320... For other uses, see Admiral (disambiguation). ... Göke (1495) was the flagship of Kemal Reis Kemal Reis (circa 1451-1511) was a Turkish privateer and Ottoman admiral. ... Murat Reis Mosque in Rhodes Murat Reis the Elder (Turkish: ) was a Turkish privateer and Ottoman admiral. ... Lanzarote is also the title of a novella by Michel Houellebecq, translated into English by Frank Wynne. ...


The most severe attack took place in 1599, during the Dutch War of Independence. A Dutch fleet of 74 ships and 12,000 men, commanded by Johan Van der Does, attacked the capital, Las Palmas. (The city had 3,500 of Gran Canaria's 8,545 inhabitants.) The Dutch attacked the Castillo de la Luz, which guarded the harbor. The Canarians evacuated civilians from the city, and the Castillo surrendered (but not the city). The Dutch moved inland, but Canarian cavalry drove them back to Tamaraceite, near the city. Combatants Dutch rebels Spanish Empire The Dutch Revolt, Eighty Years War or The Revolt of the Netherlands (1568[1]–1648), was the revolt of the Seventeen Provinces in the Low Countries against the Spanish (Habsburg) Empire. ... The Dutch (Ethnonym: Nederlanders meaning Lowlanders) are the dominant ethnic group[1] of the Netherlands[2]. They are usually seen as a Germanic people. ...


The Dutch then laid siege to the city, demanding the surrender of all its wealth. They received 12 sheep and 3 calves. Furious, the Dutch sent 4,000 soldiers to attack the Council of the Canaries, who were sheltering in the village of Santa Brígida. 300 Canarian soldiers ambushed the Dutch in the village of Monte Lentiscal, killing 150 and forcing the rest to retreat. The Dutch concentrated on Las Palmas, attempting to burn it down. The Dutch pillaged Maspalomas, on the southern coast of Gran Canaria, San Sebastian on La Gomera, and Santa Cruz on La Palma, but eventually gave up the siege of Las Palmas and withdrew.


Another noteworthy attack occurred in 1797, when Santa Cruz de Tenerife was attacked by a British fleet under the future Lord Nelson on 25 July. The British were repulsed, losing almost 400 men. It was during this battle that Nelson lost his right arm. Combatants Britain Spain Commanders Horatio Nelson Antonio Guti̩rrez Strength 4,000 regulars and sailors 400 guns 1,700 regulars, militia, and sailors 91 guns Casualties 250 dead 128 wounded 30 dead 40 wounded The Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife was a British attack on the Spanish port city... Lord Nelson Horatio Nelson, 1st Viscount Nelson (September 29, 1758 РOctober 21, 1805) was a British admiral who won fame as a leading naval commander. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


Eighteenth to nineteenth centuries

The sugar-based economy of the islands faced stiff competition from Spain's American colonies. Crises in the sugar market in the nineteenth century caused severe recessions on the islands. A new cash crop, cochineal (cochinilla), came into cultivation during this time, saving the islands' economy. Binomial name Costa, 1835 Synonyms Coccus cacti Linnaeus, 1758 Pseudococcus cacti Burmeister, 1839 Cochineal is the name of both crimson or carmine dye and the cochineal insect (Dactylopius coccus), a scale insect in the suborder Sternorrhyncha, from which the dye is derived. ...


These economic difficulties spurred mass emigration, primarily to the Americas, during the nineteenth and first half of the twentieth centuries. From 1840 to 1890, as many as 40,000 Canary Islanders emigrated to Venezuela alone (many of them ending up stopping, then staying in Puerto Rico due to the long journey ). Also, many thousands of Canarians emigrated to the shores of Cuba as well.[4] During the Spanish-American War of 1898, the Spanish fortified the islands against possible American attack; but the attack never came. World map showing the Americas CIA political map of the Americas in an equal-area projection The Americas are the lands of the New World, consisting of the continents of North America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ... Belligerents United States Republic of Cuba Philippine Republic Kingdom of Spain Commanders Nelson A. Miles William R. Shafter George Dewey Máximo Gómez Emilio Aguinaldo Patricio Montojo Pascual Cervera Arsenio Linares Manuel Macías y Casado Ramón Blanco y Erenas Casualties and losses 385 KIA USA 5,000...


Early twentieth century

At the beginning of the 20th century, the British introduced a new cash-crop, the banana, the export of which was controlled by companies such as Fyffes. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Fyffes plc is a public limited company of Ireland, originally established in the United Kingdom, specialising in fresh food products. ...


The rivalry between the elites of the cities of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife for the capital of the islands led to the division of the archipelago into two provinces in 1927. This has not laid to rest the rivalry between the two cities, which continues to this day. The Mergui Archipelago The Archipelago Sea, situated between the Gulf of Bothnia and the Gulf of Finland, the largest archipelago in the world by the number of islands. ... A province is a territorial unit, almost always a country subdivision. ...


During the time of the Second Spanish Republic, Marxist and anarchist workers' movements began to develop, led by figures such as Jose Miguel Perez and Guillermo Ascanio. However, outside of a few municipalities, these organizations were a minority. Anthem El Himno de Riego Capital Madrid Language(s) Spanish Government Republic President  - 1931–1936 Niceto Alcalá-Zamora  - 1936–1939 Manuel Azaña Legislature Congress of Deputies Historical era Interwar period  - Monarchy abolished April 14, 1931  - Spanish Civil War 1936–1939  - Republic in exile dissolved July 15, 1977 Currency Spanish... Marxism is the political practice and social theory based on the works of Karl Marx, a 19th century philosopher, economist, journalist, and revolutionary, along with Friedrich Engels. ... Anarchism is a generic term describing various political philosophies and social movements that advocate the elimination of hierarchy and imposed authority. ...


Franco regime

In 1936, Francisco Franco was appointed General Commandant of the Canaries. He joined the military revolt of July 17 which began the Spanish Civil War. Franco quickly took control of the archipelago, except for a few points of resistance on the island of La Palma and in the town of Vallehermoso, on Gomera . Though there was never a proper war in the islands, they were one of the places where the post-war repression was most severe.[citation needed] Francisco Paulino Hermenegildo Teódulo Franco y Bahamonde (December 4, 1892 - November 20, 1975), commonly known as Francisco Franco (pronounced ) or Francisco Franco y Bahamonde was leader of Spain from October 1936, as regent of Kingdom of Spain from 1947 until his death in 1975. ... is the 198th day of the year (199th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Not to be confused with the Spanish Civil War of 1820-1823. ... This article is about one of the Canary Islands. ... Vallehermoso is located on the southwestern and the northwestern coasts of La Gomera in the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife of the Canary Islands. ... La Gomera is also a Guatemalan city in the department of Escuintla, see La Gomera, Guatemala La Gomera is a Spanish island, the second smallest island of the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa. ... A repressed memory, according to some theories of psychology, a memory (often traumatic) of an event or environment which is stored by the unconscious mind but outside the awareness of the conscious mind. ...


During the Second World War, Winston Churchill prepared plans for the British seizure of the Canary Islands as a naval base, in the event of Gibraltar being invaded from the Spanish mainland. Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... Churchill redirects here. ... Modern Naval Tactics It is tempting to regard modern naval combat as the purest expression of tactics. ...


Opposition to Franco's regime did not begin to organize until the late 1950s, which experienced an upheaval of parties such as the Communist Party of Spain and the formation of various nationalist, leftist parties. PCE symbol The Communist Party of Spain (Partido Comunista de España or PCE) is the third largest political party of Spain. ... Nationalism is an ideology that creates and sustains a nation as a concept of a common identity for groups of humans. ...


Today

Parliament of the Canary Islands
Parliament of the Canary Islands

After the death of Franco there was a pro-independence armed movement based in Algeria, the MPAIAC. Now there are some pro-independence political parties, like the CNC and the Popular Front of the Canary Islands, but none of them openly calls for an armed struggle. Their popular support is insignificant, with no presence in both the autonomous parliament and the cabildos insulares. Flag of the MPAIAC The Canary Islands Independence Movement (CIIM), also known as the Movement for the Independence and Autonomy of the Canaries Archipelago (MPAIAC), is a defunct terrorist organization that had a radio station in Algiers and resorted to violence in order to force the Spanish government to create... CNC symbol National Congress of the Canaries (in Spanish: Congreso Nacional de Canarias) is a separatist political party in the Canary Islands, Spain. ...


After the establishment of a democratic constitutional monarchy in Spain, autonomy was granted to the Canaries, by a law passed in 1982. In 1983, the first autonomous elections were held, and were won by the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE). In the most recent autonomous elections (2007), the PSOE gained a plurality of seats, but the nationalist Canarian Coalition and the conservative Partido Popular (PP) formed a ruling coalition government.[5] Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A constitutional monarchy or limited monarchy is a form of government established under a constitutional system which acknowledges an elected or hereditary monarch as head of state, as opposed to an absolute monarchy, where the monarch is not... Self-governance is an abstract concept that refers to several scales of organization. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... This article is part of or related to the Liberalism series Categories: Politics stubs | Liberal related stubs | Liberal parties | Spanish political parties ... From the left: Mariano Rajoy, Josep Piqué and José María Aznar during the proclamation act of Josep Piqué in September 2003 The Peoples Party (Spanish: Partido Popular) is a large liberal-conservative political party in Spain. ...


Physical geography

Beach in Fuerteventura.

The islands and their capitals are: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2288x1712, 332 KB) Summary Description Description: Beach on North of Puerto del Rosario Author: James (http://www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2288x1712, 332 KB) Summary Description Description: Beach on North of Puerto del Rosario Author: James (http://www. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ...

Island Capital
Tenerife Santa Cruz de Tenerife
Gran Canaria Las Palmas de Gran Canaria
Lanzarote Arrecife
La Palma Santa Cruz de La Palma
La Gomera San Sebastián de La Gomera
El Hierro Valverde
Fuerteventura Puerto del Rosario
La Graciosa Caleta de Sebo

The nearest island (Fuerteventura) is 108 km from the northwest mainland African coast. Flag of Tenerife Tenerife in the Canary Islands chain. ... Santa Cruz de Tenerife (2005 population 223,148) is a city on the island of Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain. ... Gran Canaria, rarely Grand Canary (archaic), is the third largest island of the Canary Islands, an archipelago located in the Atlantic Ocean 210 km from the northwest coast of Africa and belonging to Spain. ... Las Palmas de Gran Canaria is a Spanish city, the capital city of Gran Canaria which is one of the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean, 210 kilometers located off the northwestern coast of Africa. ... Lanzarote is also the title of a novella by Michel Houellebecq, translated into English by Frank Wynne. ... Church The Gran Hotel Arrecife Arrecife is a city in the Canary Islands (Spain) situated in the east of the island of Lanzarote of which it is the capital since 1852. ... This article is about one of the Canary Islands. ... Santa Cruz de la Palma (Spanish for the Holy Cross) is located on the eastern part of the island of La Palma in the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife of the Canary Islands. ... La Gomera is the second smallest island of the Canary Islands in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa. ... ... Hierro redirects here. ... Valverde (Spanish meaning green valley) is a municipality in the Canary Islands in the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. ... Morro Jable Fuerteventura, a Spanish island, is one of the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa. ... Puerto del Rosario is a Canarian municipality in the northern portion of the island of Fuerteventura in the Las Palmas province in the Canary Islands. ... There is also a Graciosa in the Azores, see Graciosa Graciosa Island or commonly La Graciosa (Spanish for graceful) is an island in the Canary Islands of Spain, located 2 km north of the lsland of Lanzarote with the strait named Río. ... Caleta de Sebo, in the Canary Islands, is the main settlement and capital of La Graciosa. ... Morro Jable Fuerteventura, a Spanish island, is one of the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa. ...


The islands form the Macaronesia ecoregion with the Azores, Cape Verde, Madeira, and the Savage Isles. The seven main islands are volcanic in origin.[6] The Teide volcano on Tenerife is the highest mountain in Spain, and the third largest volcano on Earth. All the islands except La Gomera have been active in the last million years; four of them (Lanzarote, Tenerife, La Palma and El Hierro) have historical records of eruptions since European discovery. The islands rise from Jurassic oceanic crust associated with the opening of the Atlantic. Underwater magmatism commenced during the Cretaceous, and reached the ocean's surface during the Miocene. The islands are considered as a distinct physiographic section of the Atlas Mountains province, which in turn is part of the larger African Alpine System division. Not to be confused with Micronesia. ... An ecoregion, sometimes called a bioregion, is a relatively large area of land or water that contains a geographically distinct assemblage of natural communities. ... Motto (Portuguese for Rather die free than in peace subjugated) Anthem  (national)  (local) Capital Ponta Delgada1 Angra do Heroísmo2 Horta3 Largest city Ponta Delgada Official languages Portuguese Government Autonomous region  -  President Carlos César Establishment  -  Settled 1439   -  Autonomy 1976  Area  -  Total 2,333 km² (n/a) 911 sq mi... Location Motto of the autonomous region: Das ilhas, as mais belas e livres (Portuguese: Of the islands, the most beautiful and free) Official language Portuguese Capital Funchal Other towns Porto Santo, Machico, Santa Cruz, Câmara de Lobos, Santana, Ribeira Brava, Caniço Area 797 km² Population  - Total (1991)  - Density... The Savage Islands (in Portuguese: Ilhas Selvagens) or Salvage Islands form a small archipelago in the North Atlantic Ocean between Madeira (280 km) and the Canary Islands (165 km). ... Teide (Mount Teide or Pico del Teide) is a volcano and mountain on Tenerife, Canary Islands (28. ... Age of oceanic crust Oceanic crust is the part of Earths lithosphere that surfaces in the ocean basins. ... The Miocene Epoch is a period of time that extends from about 23. ... Map showing the location of the Atlas Mountains (colored red) across North Africa The Atlas Mountains (Arabic: ‎) are a mountain range in northwest Africa extending about 2,400 km (1,500 miles) through Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia, and including The Rock of Gibraltar. ...


According to the position of the islands with respect to the NE trade winds, the climate can be mild and wet or very dry. Several native species are laurisilva forests. Image:Atmospheric circulatlion. ... Laurisilva on in the National Park Garajonay on La Gomera Laurisilva on La Palma Laurisilva is a type of humid subtropical laurel forest found on several of the Macaronesian islands of the north Atlantic, namely the Azores, Madeira Islands, and the Canary Islands. ...


Four of Spain's thirteen national parks are located in the Canary Islands, more than any other autonomous community. In the early 90's, there were only five Spanish national parks, four of them being the Canarian parks, and the other one Doñana. The parks are: Doñana National Park (Spanish: ), also called Coto de Doñana, is a national park and wildlife refuge in southwestern Spain. ...

Hacha Grande, a mountain in the south of Lanzarote, viewed from the road to the Playa de Papagayo.
Hacha Grande, a mountain in the south of Lanzarote, viewed from the road to the Playa de Papagayo.
Park Island
Parque Nacional de la Caldera de Taburiente La Palma
Garajonay National Park La Gomera
Teide National Park Tenerife
Timanfaya National Park Lanzarote

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (4000x904, 1836 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Canary Islands Lanzarote Yaiza, Las Palmas User:Peter Littmann User talk:Yummifruitbat Wikipedia:Picture of the day/October... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (4000x904, 1836 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Canary Islands Lanzarote Yaiza, Las Palmas User:Peter Littmann User talk:Yummifruitbat Wikipedia:Picture of the day/October... View of the massive walls of the Caldera Parque Nacional de la Caldera de Taburiente is a national park on the island of La Palma, Spain. ... Garajonay National Park (Parque nacional de Garajonay) is located in the center and north of the island of La Gomera, one of the Canary Islands. ... Teide (Mount Teide or Pico del Teide) is a volcano and mountain on Tenerife, Canary Islands (28. ... Timanfaya National Park and Montañas del Fuego, the volcanic mountain Timanfaya National Park or Parque Nacional de Timanfaya is a Spanish national park covering the municipalities of southern portion of Tinajo and the northern portion of Yaiza. ...

Political geography

Map of the Canary Islands
Map of the Canary Islands
Maps of the Canary Islands drawn by William Dampier during his voyage to New Holland in 1699.
Maps of the Canary Islands drawn by William Dampier during his voyage to New Holland in 1699.

The Autonomous Community of the Canary Islands consists of two provinces, Las Palmas and Santa Cruz de Tenerife, whose capitals (Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife) are co-capitals of the autonomous community. Each of the seven major islands is ruled by an island council named cabildo insular. Image File history File links Map_of_the_Canary_Islands. ... Image File history File links Map_of_the_Canary_Islands. ... Download high resolution version (500x732, 88 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Download high resolution version (500x732, 88 KB) Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... William Dampier, pirate, navigator and explorer William Dampier (baptised 5 September 1651 – died March 1715) was an English buccaneer, sea captain, author and scientific observer. ... Dutch West India Company (Dutch: West-Indische Compagnie or WIC) was a company of Dutch merchants. ... In addition to its seventeen autonomous communities, Spain is divided into fifty provinces. ... Categories: Spain geography stubs | Canary Islands | Provinces of Spain ... Santa Cruz de Tenerife province Santa Cruz de Tenerife is a province of Spain, consisting of the western part of the autonomous community of the Canary Islands. ... Las Palmas de Gran Canaria is a Spanish city, the capital city of Gran Canaria which is one of the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean, 210 kilometers located off the northwestern coast of Africa. ... Santa Cruz de Tenerife (2005 population 223,148) is a city on the island of Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain. ...


The international boundary of the Canaries is the subject of dispute between Spain and Morocco. Morocco does not agree that the laws regarding territorial limits allow Spain to claim for itself sea-bed boundaries based on the territory of the Canaries, because the Canary Islands are autonomous. In fact, the islands do not enjoy any special degree of autonomy as each one of the Spanish regions is considered an autonomous community. Under the Law of the Sea, the only islands not granted territorial waters or an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) are those that are not fit for human habitation or do not have an economic life of their own, which is clearly not the case of the Canary Islands. Spains fifty provinces (provincias) are grouped into seventeen autonomous communities (comunidades aut nomas), in addition to two African autonomous cities (ciudades aut nomas) (Ceuta and Melilla). ... Admiralty law (usually referred to as simply admiralty and also referred to as maritime law) is a distinct body of law which governs maritime questions and offenses. ... Sea areas in international rights Under the law of the sea, an Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) is a seazone over which a state has special rights over the exploration and use of marine resources. ...


The boundary is relevant for possible seabed oil deposits and other ocean resource exploitation. Morocco therefore does not formally agree to the territorial boundary; it rejected a 2002 unilateral Spanish proposal.[7]


The Islands have 13 seats in the Spanish Senate. Of these, 11 seats are directly elected, 3 for Gran Canaria, 3 for Tenerife, 1 for each other island; 2 seats are indirectly elected by the regional Autonomous Government.


Economy

The economy is based primarily on tourism, which makes up 32% of the GDP. The Canaries receive about 10 million tourists per year. Construction makes up nearly 20% of the GDP and tropical agriculture, primarily bananas and tobacco, are grown for export to Europe and the Americas. Ecologists are concerned that the resources, especially in the more arid islands, are being overexploited but there are still many agricultural resources like tomatoes, potatoes, onions, cochineal, sugarcane, grapes, vines, dates, oranges, lemons, figs, wheat, barley, corn, apricots, peaches and almonds. Alhambra, Court of the Lions, Granada Tenerife After francesco franciss death Spain became the second most-visited tourism destination in the world after France. ... GDP redirects here. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ... In general terms, the climate of a locale or region is said to be arid when it is characterized by a severe lack of available water, to the extent of hindering or even preventing the growth and development of plant and animal life. ... For other uses, see Tomato (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Potato (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Onion (disambiguation). ... Binomial name Costa, 1835 Synonyms Coccus cacti Linnaeus, 1758 Pseudococcus cacti Burmeister, 1839 Cochineal is the name of both crimson or carmine dye and the cochineal insect (Dactylopius coccus), a scale insect in the suborder Sternorrhyncha, from which the dye is derived. ... Species Saccharum arundinaceum Saccharum bengalense Saccharum edule Saccharum officinarum Saccharum procerum Saccharum ravennae Saccharum robustum Saccharum sinense Saccharum spontaneum Sugarcane or Sugar cane (Saccharum) is a genus of 6 to 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation) of tall perennial grasses (family Poaceae, tribe Andropogoneae), native to warm temperate to tropical... This article is about the fruits of the genus Vitis. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Look up Date in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Binomial name (L.) Osbeck[1] Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... This article is about the fruit. ... Species About 800, including: Ficus altissima Ficus americana Ficus aurea Ficus benghalensis- Indian Banyan Ficus benjamina- Weeping Fig Ficus broadwayi Ficus carica- Common Fig Ficus citrifolia Ficus coronata Ficus drupacea Ficus elastica Ficus godeffroyi Ficus grenadensis Ficus hartii Ficus lyrata Ficus macbrideii Ficus macrophylla- Moreton Bay Fig Ficus microcarpa- Chinese... Species T. aestivum T. boeoticum T. dicoccoides T. dicoccon T. durum T. monococcum T. spelta T. sphaerococcum T. timopheevii References:   ITIS 42236 2002-09-22 Wheat Wheat For the indie rock group, see Wheat (band). ... For other uses, see Barley (disambiguation). ... Binomial name L. Corn (Zea mays L. ssp. ... Binomial name Prunus armeniaca L. For other uses, see Apricot (disambiguation). ... Binomial name (L.) Batsch Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ... For other uses, see Almond (disambiguation). ...


The economy is 25 billion (2001 GDP figures). The islands experienced continuous growth during a 20 year period, up until 2001, at a rate of approximately 5% annually. This growth was fueled mainly by huge amounts of Foreign Direct Investment, mostly to develop tourism real estate (hotels and apartments), and European Funds (near 11 billion euro in the period from 2000 to 2007), since the Canary Islands are labelled Region Objective 1 (eligible for euro structural funds). Additionally, the EU allows the Canary Island's government to offer special tax concessions for investors who incorporate under the as Zona Especial Canaria (ZEC) regime and create more than 5 jobs. For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ... This article is about economics. ...


The combination of high mountains, proximity to Europe, and clean air has made the Roque de los Muchachos peak (on La Palma island) a leading location for telescopes like the Grantecan. Roque de los Muchachos Roque de los Muchachos translates into English as The Rock Of The Boys, and is the name given to the rocky mound at the highest point on the island of La Palma in the Canary Islands of Spain. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC) (Great Telescope Canary Islands), sometimes called Grantecan, is a 10. ...


The islands are outside the European Union customs territory and VAT area, though politically within the EU. Instead of VAT there is a local Sales Tax (IGIC) which has a general rate of 5%, an increased tax rate of 12%, a reduced tax rate of 2% and a zero tax rate for certain basic need products and services (eg telecommunications). The ISO 3166-1 α-2 code IC is reserved for representing them in customs affairs. Goods subject to Spanish customs and excise duties and Value Added Tax (VAT), such as tobacco or electronic goods, are therefore significantly cheaper in the Canaries. Spanish magazines usually have a similar or higher price than in the peninsula since VAT is substituted with air transport costs. The islands' country calling code is (+34) and the Internet country code is the same as Spain's (.es). The currency is the euro. ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 codes are two-letter country codes in the ISO 3166-1 standard to represent countries and dependent areas. ... vat can be a type of barrel used for storage. ... Shredded tobacco leaf for pipe smoking Tobacco can also be pressed into plugs and sliced into flakes Tobacco is an agricultural product processed from the fresh leaves of plants in the genus Nicotiana. ... Surface mount electronic components Electronics is the study of the flow of charge through various materials and devices such as semiconductors, resistors, inductors, capacitors, nano-structures and vacuum tubes. ... This is a list of country calling codes, also known as international direct dialing (IDD) codes, which are needed to access international telephone services. ... TLD is a three-letter acronym that may stand for: Top-level domain Tag Library Descriptor — an XML document that maps JSP tags to their handlers or associated files. ... For other uses, see Euro (disambiguation). ...


Canarian time is Western European Time (WET) (or GMT; in summer one hour ahead of GMT). So Canarian time is one hour behind that of mainland Spain and the same as that of the British Isles and Portugal all year round. Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries that do not observe summer time Western European Time (WET, UTC+0) is the time zone covering parts of western and northwestern Europe, including the following countries and regions: Canary Islands, since 1946 (rest of Spain is CET, i. ... GMT redirects here. ...


Wildlife

Terrestrial Wildlife

With a range of habitats, the Canary Islands exhibit diverse plant species. The bird life includes European and African species, such as the Black-bellied Sandgrouse; and a rich variety of endemic (local) species including the: Binomial name Pterocles orientalis (Linnaeus, 1758) The Black-bellied Sandgrouse (Pterocles orientalis) is a medium large bird in the sandgrouse family. ... Endemic, in a broad sense, can mean belonging or native to, characteristic of, or prevalent in a particular geography, race, field, area, or environment; Native to an area or scope. ...

Terrestrial fauna includes gekkos (such as the striped Canary Islands Gecko) and wall lizards, and three endemic species of recently rediscovered and critically endangered giant lizard: the El Hierro Giant Lizard (or Roque Chico de Salmor Giant Lizard), La Gomera Giant Lizard, and La Palma Giant Lizard. Some endemic mammals, the Lava Mouse and Canary Islands Giant Rat, are extinct, as are the Canary Islands Quail and Eastern Canary Islands Chiffchaff. Binomial name Serinus canaria (Linnaeus, 1758) The Canary (Serinus canaria) sometimes called the Island Canary, Wild Canary or Atlantic Canary, is a small bird in the finch family. ... Trinomial name Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax barbarus Vaurie, 1954 The graja, pronounced as [graxa:] (Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax barbarus) is an endemic subspecies of the chough which only lives on the Canary Island La Palma. ... Binomial name Fringilla teydea Webb, Berthelot & Moquin-Tandon, 1841 The Blue Chaffinch, (Fringilla teydea), is a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae. ... Binomial name Phylloscopus canariensis (Hartwig, 1886) The Canary Islands Chiffchaff (Phylloscopus canariensis) is endemic to the Canary Islands, Spain. ... Binomial name Saxicola dacotiae (Meade-Waldo, 1889) The Fuerteventura Chat (Saxicola dacotiae) is a small passerine bird that was formerly classed as a member of the thrush family Turdidae, but is now more generally considered to be an Old World flycatcher, Muscicapidae. ... Binomial name Regulus regulus (Linnaeus, 1758) The Goldcrest, Regulus regulus, is a very small passerine bird in the kinglet family. ... Binomial name Regulus madeirensis (Harcourt, 1851) The Madeira Firecrest Regulus madeirensis is a very small passerine bird in the kinglet family, closely allied to the Firecrest, and until recently considered a subspecies of it. ... Binomial name Columba bollii Godman, 1872 The Bolles Pigeon (Columba bollii) is a member of the family Columbidae, doves and pigeons, which is endemic to the Canary Islands. ... Binomial name Columba junoniae (Hartert, 1916) The Laurel Pigeon (Columba junoniae) is a member of the family Columbidae, doves and pigeons, which is endemic to the Canary Islands. ... Binomial name Columba trocaz Heineken, 1829 The Trocaz Pigeon (Columba trocaz) is a member of the family Columbidae (doves and pigeons) which is endemic to Madeira. ... Binomial name Apus unicolor (Jardine, 1830) The Plain Swift (Apus unicolor) is a medium-sized swift. ... Classification of genus Gekko: Gekko athymus Gekko auriverrucosus Gekko badenii Gekko chinensis Gekko gecko Gekko gigante Gekko grossmanni Gekko hokouensis Gekko japonicus Gekko kikuchii Gekko mindorensis Gekko monarchusv Gekko palawanensisv Gekko palmatus Gekko petricolusv Gekko porosusv Gekko romblon Gekko scabridus Gekko siamensis Gekko similignumv Gekko smithii Gekko subpalmatus Gekko swinhonis... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... Binomial name (Steindachner, 1889) Trinomial name Gallotia simonyi machadoi López-Jurado, 1989 Synonyms see text Gallotia simonyi is a species of lacertid (wall lizard) that can be found on the island of El Hierro, one of the Canary Islands. ... Trinomial name Gallotia simonyi simonyi (Steindachner, 1889) The Roque Chico de Salmor Giant Lizard (Gallotia simonyi simonyi) was a subspecies of the El Hierro Giant Lizard (Gallotia simonyi). ... Binomial name Gallotia bravoana (Hutterer, 1985) Synonyms Gallotia gomerana (Hutterer, 1985)[] Galliota gomerona (lapsus) Gallotia simonyi bravoana (Hutterer, 1985) Gallotia simonyi gomerana (Hutterer, 1985) The La Gomera Giant Lizard (Gallotia gomerana; Spanish: Lagarto Gigante de la Gomera) is a lacertid (wall lizard) species that can be found on the island... Binomial name Gallotia auaritae (Mateo, García Márquez, López Jurado and Barahona, 2001) The La Palma Giant Lizard (Gallotia auaritae) was a giant lizard that, as its name indicates, lived in the littoral zone of La Palma in the Canary Islands, Spain; its habitat ranged from sea level... Binomial name Malpaisomys insularis Hutterer, Lopez-Martinez & Michaux, 1988 The lava mouse Malpaisomys insularis is an extinct endemic rodent from the Canary Islands, Spain. ... Binomial name Canariomys tamarani Lopez-Martinez & Lopez-Jurado, 1987 The Canary Islands Giant Rat (Canariomys tamarani) was endemic to the island of Gran Canaria, part of the Canary Islands, Spain. ... Binomial name Coturnix gomerae Jaume, McMinn & Alcover, 1993 The Canary Islands Quail (Coturnix gomerae) once occurred on the islands of El Hierro, La Palma, Tenerife and Fuerteventura (Canary Islands, Spain). ... Trinomial name Phylloscopus canariensis exsul (Hartert, 1907) The Eastern Canary Islands Chiffchaff or Lanzarote Island Chiffchaff (Phylloscopus canariensis exsul) was an endemic subspecies of the Canary Islands Chiffchaff (Phylloscopus canariensis) to the island of Lanzarote, and possibly on the island of Fuerteventura (both Canary Islands, Spain). ...


Marine Life

Main article: Marine Life of the Canary Islands

The Marine life found in the Canary Islands is also varied, being a combination of North Atlantic, Mediterranean and endemic species. In recent years, the increasing popularities of both scuba diving and underwater photography have provided biologists with much new information on the marine life of the islands. Atlantic and North Atlantic redirect here. ... Mediterranean redirects here. ... Endemic, in a broad sense, can mean belonging or native to, characteristic of, or prevalent in a particular geography, race, field, area, or environment; Native to an area or scope. ... Scuba diving is swimming underwater while using self-contained breathing equipment. ... Pink Anemonefish hiding in tentacles Underwater photography is the process of taking photographs while underwater. ...


Fish species found in the islands include many species of shark, ray, moray eel, bream, jack, grunt, scorpionfish, triggerfish, grouper, goby, and blenny. In addition, there are many invertebrate species including sponge, jellyfish, anenome, crab, mollusc, sea urchin, starfish, sea cucumber and coral. For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Shark (disambiguation). ... Orders Rajiformes - common rays and skates Pristiformes - sawfishes Torpediniformes - electric rays See text for families. ... Genera See text. ... Genera Many, see text Wikispecies has information related to: Sparidae The Sparidae is a family of fish, included in the order Perciformes. ... A family of fishes which includes the Pompanos and Jacks Pilot fish - Naucrates ductor Categories: Fish stubs ... Genera Brachypterois Dendrochirus Ebosia Hoplosebastes Idiastion Iracundus Neomerinthe Neoscorpaena Parapterois Parascorpaena Phenacoscorpius Pogonoscorpius Pontinus Pteroidichthys Pterois Rhinopias Scorpaena Scorpaenodes Scorpaenopsella Scorpaenopsis Sebastapistes Taenianotus Thysanichthys Ursinoscorpaenopsis The scorpionfish are a family (Scorpaenidae) of mostly marine fish that includes many of the worlds most venomous species. ... Genera See text. ... Genera Acanthistius Alphestes Anyperidon Caprodon Cephalopholis Cromileptes Dermatolepis Epinephelus Gonioplectrus Gracila HypoplectrodesLiopropoma Mycteroperca Niphon Paranthias Plectropomus Saloptia Triso Variola For the computer program, see Grouper (Windows application). ... Subfamilies Amblyopinae Gobiinae Gobionellinae Oxudercinae Sicydiinae See also list of Gobiidae genera The gobies form the family Gobiidae, which is one of the largest families of fish, with more than 2,000 species in more than 200 genera. ... The common name blenny is ambiguous at best, as it has been applied to several families of perciform marine fishes all sharing similar morphology and behaviour. ... This article is about the aquatic animal. ... For other uses, see Jellyfish (disambiguation). ... For plants, see Anemone genus For animals, see: Sea anemone Aggregating anemone Magnificent Sea Anemone Tube-dwelling anemone etc For the anemone shrimp, see Hippolytidae Anemone is also a French radar used in the Super Etendard Modernise and the Dassault-Breguet/Dornier Alpha Jet. ... For other uses, see Crab (disambiguation). ... Classes Caudofoveata Aplacophora Polyplacophora - Chitons Monoplacophora Bivalvia - Bivalves Scaphopoda - Tusk shells Gastropoda - Snails and Slugs Cephalopoda - Squids, Octopuses, etc. ... Subclasses Subclass Perischoechinoidea Order Cidaroida (pencil urchins) Subclass Euechinoidea Superorder Atelostomata Order Cassiduloida Order Spatangoida (heart urchins) Superorder Diadematacea Order Diadematoida Order Echinothurioida Order Pedinoida Superorder Echinacea Order Arbacioida Order Echinoida Order Phymosomatoida Order Salenioida Order Temnopleuroida Superorder Gnathostomata Order Clypeasteroida (sand dollars) Order Holectypoida Wikispecies has information related to... Orders Brisingida (100 species[1]) Forcipulatida (300 species[2]) Paxillosida (255 species[3]) Notomyotida (75 species[4]) Spinulosida (120 species[5]) Valvatida (695 species[6]) Velatida (200 species[7]) For other uses, see Starfish (disambiguation). ... Orders Subclass Apodacea Apodida Molpadiida Subclass Aspidochirotacea Aspidochirotida Elasipodida Subclass Dendrochirotacea Dactylochirotida Dendrochirotida Wikispecies has information related to: Holothuroidea The sea cucumber is an echinoderm of the class Holothuroidea, with an elongated body and leathery skin, which is found on the sea floor worldwide. ... Extant Subclasses and Orders Alcyonaria    Alcyonacea    Helioporacea Zoantharia    Antipatharia    Corallimorpharia    Scleractinia    Zoanthidea [1][2]  See Anthozoa for details For other uses, see Coral (disambiguation). ...


There are a total of 5 different species of marine turtle that are sighted periodically in the islands, the most common of these being the endangered Loggerhead Turtle; however, local fisherman continue to take this endangered species.[8] The other four are the Green, Hawksbill, Leatherback and Kemp's Ridley Turtle. Currently, there are no signs that any of these species breed in the islands, and so those seen in the water are usually migrating. However, it is believed that some of these species may have bred in the islands in the past, and there are records of several sightings of leatherback turtle on beaches in Fuerteventura, adding credibility to the theory. Genera Family Cheloniidae (Oppel, 1811) Caretta Lepidochelys Chelonia Eretmochelys Natator Family Dermochelyidae Family Protostegidae (extinct) Family Toxochelyidae (extinct) Family Thalassemyidae (extinct) ground turtles (Chelonioidea) are turtles found in all the worlds oceans with the exception of the Arctic Ocean, and some species travel between oceans. ... An endangered species is a species whose population is so small that it is in danger of becoming extinct. ... Binomial name Caretta caretta Linnaeus, 1758 The Loggerhead Sea Turtle (Caretta caretta), is characterized by a large head with blunt jaws. ... Binomial name Chelonia mydas (Linnaeus, 1758) The green sea turtle (Chelonia mydas) is a large sea turtle, the only member of the genus Chelonia (Brongniart, 1800). ... Binomial name Eretmochelys imbricata Linnaeus, 1766 Range of the Hawksbill turtle subspecies Eretmochelys imbricata bissa (Rüppell, 1835) Eretmochelys imbricata imbricata (Linnaeus, 1766) Synonyms Eretmochelys imbricata squamata junior synonym The hawksbill turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) is a critically endangered sea turtle belonging to the family Cheloniidae. ... Binomial name (Vandelli, 1761) The leatherback turtle (Dermochelys coriacea) is the largest of all living turtles. ... {{Taxobox | color = pink | name = Kemps Ridley | status = CR | stat | image = kempsridley. ... Look up migration in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Morro Jable Fuerteventura, a Spanish island, is one of the Canary Islands, in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa. ...


Sports

Lucha Canaria
Lucha Canaria

One native of the Canary Islands played Major League Baseball: Alfredo Cabrera, born there in 1881; he played shortstop for the St. Louis Cardinals in 1913. Major Leagues redirects here. ... Alfredo A. Cabrera (born May 11, 1881 in the Canary Islands, Spain - 1964) was a former major league shortstop. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Major league affiliations National League (1892–present) Central Division (1994–present) Current uniform Retired Numbers 1, 2, 6, 9, 14, 17, 20, 42, 42, 45, 85 Name St. ...

Main article: :Category:Sport in the Canary Islands

See also

History

Please wikify (format) this article or section as suggested in the Guide to layout and the Manual of Style. ... Guanches (also: Guanchis or Guanchos) were the first known inhabitants of the Canary Islands. ... One of the Pyramids of Güímar The Pyramids of Güímar are situated in the village of Güímar on the east coast of the isle of Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain. ... One of ships departing for the 1402 norman expedition (from Le Canarien). Jean de Béthencourt (c. ... Gadifer De La Salle (1340 in Sainte-Radegonde, Vrines, France–1415) was a French soldier of Norman origin who, with Jean de Béthencourt, conquered and explored the Canary Islands. ... The First Battle of Acentejo was a battle that took place on the island of Tenerife between the Guanches and an alliance of Spaniards, other Europeans, associated natives (mostly from other islands), on May 31, 1494, during the Spanish conquest of this island. ... Combatants Castile and Guanche and European allies Guanches of Tenerife Commanders Alonso Fernández de Lugo Tinguaro and Bencomo Strength 700 Castilians, in addition to 800 Guanche allies around 6,000 The Second Battle of Acentejo was a battle that took place on December 25, 1495, between the invading Spanish... Alonso Luis Fernández de Lugo (?-1525), Spanish military man and administrator. ... Combatants Britain Spain Commanders Horatio Nelson Antonio Gutiérrez Strength 4,000 regulars and sailors 400 guns 1,700 regulars, militia, and sailors 91 guns Casualties 250 dead 128 wounded 30 dead 40 wounded The Battle of Santa Cruz de Tenerife was a British attack on the Spanish port city... Tanausu, as pictured on the cover of Braems book Tanausu or Tanausú (d. ... The Tenerife collision took place on March 27, 1977, at 17:06:56 local time (also GMT), when two Boeing 747 airliners collided at Los Rodeos (TCI) on the island of Tenerife, Canary Islands, Spain, killing 583 people. ... The World Trade Center on fire The September 11, 2001 attacks were a series of coordinated terrorist attacks against the United States on September 11, 2001. ... Capt. ...

Geography

La Matanza de Acentejo (Spanish meaning Slaughter of Acentejo in which the Spanish won in 1494) is located on the north coast of Tenerife. ... Los Llanos de Aridane is both a municipality and a town in the Canary Islands on the island of La Palma in the province of Santa Cruz de Tenerife. ... Not to be confused with Micronesia. ... The greenish and fruitful Orotava Valley (Spanish: Valle de la Orotava) is a beautiful valley filled with valleys and cliffs located in the northern part of the Canarian island of Tenerife, the valley is 10 by 11 km. ... Jardín de Cactus Guatiza is a Canarian community that is located in the northeastern part of the municipality of Teguise in the northeastern portion of the island of Lanzarote in the Las Palmas province in the Canary Islands and is the northernmost in the Canary Islands as well as... Cumbre Vieja (Spanish: Old Summit) is a volcanic ridge on the island of La Palma in Spains Canary Islands. ... Cleveland Volcano in the Aleutian Islands of Alaska photographed from the International Space Station For other uses, see Volcano (disambiguation). ...

Culture

Canarian cuisine refers to the typical dishes and ingredients in the cuisine of the Canary Islands. ... The armed forces of Spain are known as the Spanish Armed Forces (Spanish: Fuerzas Armadas Españolas). ... Salto del pastor (English: the Shepherds Leap) is a spectacular folk sport practiced throughout the Canary Islands. ... Gymnastics is a sport involving the performance of sequences of movements requiring physical strength, flexibility, and kinaesthetic awareness. ... The Silbo Gomero (El Silbo or Gomeran whistle) is a whistled language spoken by inhabitants of La Gomera in the [[Canary that radiate through the island (Busnel and Classe 1976: 1). ... A whistled language is the use of whistling to emulate speech and facilitate communication. ... Islenos (from the Spanish isleños, plural of islander) are descendants of Canary Islanders who came to America and settled in the lower Mississippi River Delta of Louisiana between 1778 and 1783. ...

Neighbours

Motto (Portuguese for Rather die free than in peace subjugated) Anthem  (national)  (local) Capital Ponta Delgada1 Angra do Heroísmo2 Horta3 Largest city Ponta Delgada Official languages Portuguese Government Autonomous region  -  President Carlos César Establishment  -  Settled 1439   -  Autonomy 1976  Area  -  Total 2,333 km² (n/a) 911 sq mi... For other uses, see Madeira (disambiguation). ...

Natural History

See:- Borgesen, F. 1929. Marine algae from the Canary Islands. III Rhodophyceae. Part II. Cryptonemiales, Gigartinales, and Rhodymeniales. Det Kongelige Danske Videnskabernes Selskabs Biologiske Meddelelser. 8: 1 — 97.


Natural Disaster Concerns

  • Mega-tsunami, where will the next one occur? The Canary Islands?
    • For speculation regarding the history of the activity of the Cumbre Vieja and La Palma volcanoes within the Canary Islands as a potential future cause of a mega-tsunami withinin the Island chain, see: Mega-tsunami - Section 4.2 in the 'Table of Contents'.)
    • For further external links to dispel the hypothesis regarding a possible future giant wave/mega-tsunami, also see: the entry on the volcanic-oceanic island of La Palma - Section 9.2 in the 'Table of Contents'.

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... This article is about one of the Canary Islands. ...

Notes

  1. ^ C.Michael Hogan, Chellah, The Megalithic Portal, ed. Andy Burnham, [1]
  2. ^ Old World Contacts/Colonists/Canary Islands
  3. ^ B. W. Diffie, Foundations of the Portuguese Empire, 1415 -1580, Minneapolis, University of Minnesota Press, p. 28.
  4. ^ The Spanish of the Canary Islands
  5. ^ Website of the Canaries Parliament
  6. ^ http://www.mantleplumes.org/Canary.html (Universidad de Las Palmas de Gran Canaria,) José Mangas Viñuela, "The Canary Islands Hot Spot"] This is the source for the geological history that follows.
  7. ^ CIA World Factbook
  8. ^ The IUCN Amphibia-reptilia Red Data Book, Brian Groombridge and Lissie Wright

References

  • Alfred Crosby, Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900-1900 (Cambridge University Press) ISBN 0-521-45690-8
  • Felipe Fernández-Armesto, The Canary Islands after the Conquest: The Making of a Colonial Society in the Early-Sixteenth Century, Oxford U. Press, 1982. ISBN 13: 9780198218883; ISBN 10: 0198218885
  • Sergio Hanquet, Diving in Canaries, Litografía A. ROMERO, 2001. ISBN 84-932195-0-9

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Canary Islands
Image File history File links Flag_of_Spain. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Canary Islands Flora (0 words)
The nearest islands to the African coast have proved to be the most ancient, whilst moving away from the coast and towards the open ocean, the islands become younger and younger.
The particular geographic position of these islands enabled the conservation of many kinds of tropical and sub-tropical vegetation which in the past could also be found in the Mediterranean basin but has disappeared as a consequence of two great catastrophic events: the desertisation process and a series of glacial cycles.
The herbarium in Florence is of primary historical and biological importance for all scholars interested in the flora of the Canary Islands.
CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: The Canary Islands (913 words)
Canary Islands constitute a civil province, a judicial district (audiencia), with its seat at Palmas, for the administration of justice, and a military governorship (captaincy-general).
Each island was divided into separate states, ruled over by kings, who were assisted by the chiefs of the noble families and the most esteemed priests or soothsayers.
Henry III, conquered, from 1402 to 1405, the islands of Lanzarote, Fuerteventura, Gomera, and Hierro.
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