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Encyclopedia > Canadian federal election, 1980


Politics of Canada
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The House of Commons after the 1980 election

The 1980 Canadian federal election was called when the minority Progressive Conservative government led by Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem. Clark had maintained uneasy relations with the fourth largest party in the House of Commons, Social Credit. While he needed the six votes that the conservative-populist Quebec-based party had in order to get legislation passed, he was unwilling to agree to the conditions they imposed for their support. Clark had managed to recruit one Socred MP, Richard Janelle, to join the PC caucus. Clark's Minister of Finance, John Crosbie, introduced an austere government budget in late 1979 that proposed to increase the excise tax on gasoline by 18 cents per Imperial gallon to reduce the federal government's deficit. The five remaining Social Credit MPs demanded that the revenues raised be allocated to Quebec, and decided to abstain from a vote of non-confidence introduced by the New Democratic Party. This resulted in the defeat of the government in the House of Commons, and new elections called for February 18, 1980. Clark's Tories campaigned under the slogan, "Real change deserves a fair chance", but the voters were unwilling to give Clark another chance.


Former Liberal prime minister Pierre Trudeau had resigned from the leadership of the Liberal Party following its defeat in 1979. Trudeau quickly came out of retirement to lead the party to victory, winning 34 more seats than in the 1979 federal election. This enabled the Liberals to form a majority government that would last until its defeat in the 1984 election.


The Social Credit Party lost its last five seats in the Canadian House of Commons, and rapidly declined into obscurity after this election.


National results

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Popular vote map showing seat totals by province

Despite winning at least one seat in every province and territory, the Progressive Conservatives lost to the Liberals, who won a majority government. This was mainly because the Liberals won all but one seat in Quebec, and won a majority of the seats in Ontario, Canada's two most populous provinces. The Liberals were shut out west of Manitoba.



Party Party Leader # of cands Seats Popular Vote
Previous After % Change # % % Change
Liberal Pierre Trudeau 282 114 147 +28.9% 4,855,425 44.34% +4.23%
Progressive Conservative Joe Clark 282 136 103 -24.3% 3,552,994 32.45% -3.44%
New Democratic Ed Broadbent 280 26 32 +23.1% 2,165,087 19.77% +1.89%
Social Credit Fabien Roy 81 6 - -100% 185,486 1.70% -2.91%
Rhinoceros Cornelius I 121 - - 110,597 1.01% +0.46%
Marxist-Leninist Hardial Bains 177 - - 14,728 0.13% +0.01%
Libertarian 58 - - 14,656 0.13% -0.01%
Union Populaire 54 - - 14,474 0.13% -0.04%
Independent 55 - -   14,472 0.13% -0.13%
Unknown 41 - -   12,532 0.11% -0.07%
Communist William Kashtan 52 - - 6,022 0.05% -0.02%
No affiliation 14 - -   3,063 0.03% +0.03%
  1,497 282 282 10,934,475 100.0

Sources: http://www.elections.ca,History of Federal Ridings since 1867 (http://www.parl.gc.ca/information/about/process/house/hfer/hfer.asp?Language=E)


Note: "Previous" refers to the results of the previous election, not the party standings in the House of Commons prior to dissolution.


Results by province


Party Name BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL NT YK Total
Liberal Seats: - - - 2 52 74 7 5 2 5 - - 147
Popular Vote: 22.2 22.2 24.2 28.0 41.9 68.2 50.1 39.9 46.8 47.0 35.8 39.6 44.3
Progressive Conservative Seats: 16 21 7 5 38 1 3 6 2 2 1 1 103
Vote: 41.5 64.9 38.9 37.7 35.5 12.6 32.5 38.7 46.3 36.0 24.7 40.6 32.4
New Democratic Seats: 12 - 7 7 5 - - - - - 1 - 32
Vote: 35.3 10.3 36.3 33.5 21.8 9.1 16.2 20.9 6.6 16.7 38.4 19.8 19.8
Total Seats 28 21 14 14 95 75 10 11 4 7 1 1 282
Parties that won no seats:
Social Credit Vote: 0.1 1.0 xx   xx 5.9             1.7
Rhinoceros Vote: 0.4 0.7 0.1 0.4 0.2 3.0 0.5 0.2     1.1   1.0
Marxist-Leninist Vote: 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 xx xx xx 0.1     0.1
Libertarian Vote:     xx   0.3 0.1 xx           0.1
Union Populaire Vote:           0.5             0.1
Independent Vote: 0.3 0.3 0.1 xx 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.1     0.1
Unknown Vote: xx 0.5 0.2 0.1 xx 0.2 0.3     0.1     0.1
Communist Vote: 0.1 0.1 xx 0.1 0.1 xx             0.1
No affiliation Vote:         xx 0.1 0.1           xx


xx - less than 0.05% of the popular vote.


Notes

  • Number of Parties: 9
    • First appearance: none
    • Final appearance: Union Populaire
    • Final appearance before hiatus: Marxist_Leninist Party of Canada (returned in 1993)

Preceded by:
1979 federal election

Canadian federal elections

Followed by:
1984 federal election



  Results from FactBites:
 
Canadian federal election, 1993 - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2613 words)
The Canadian federal election of 1993 was held on October 25th, 1993.
The election was called by new Progressive Conservative Party leader Kim Campbell near the end of her party's five year mandate.
The 1988 election had been almost wholly focused on the issue of the Free Trade Agreement with the United States, and similarly the 1993 election was preceded by the agreement on the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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