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Encyclopedia > Canadian federal election, 1974
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The House of Commons after the 1974 election
The House of Commons after the 1974 election

The Canadian federal election of 1974 was held on July 8, 1974 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. The governing Liberal Party won its first majority government since 1968, and gave Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau his third term. The Progressive Conservatives, led by Robert Stanfield, did well in the Atlantic provinces, and in the West, but the Liberal support in Ontario and Quebec ensured a majority Liberal government. Image File history File links Cdn1974. ... Image File history File links Cdn1974. ... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, which also includes the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: Parti libéral du Canada) is a political party in Canada. ... 1968 (MCMLXVIII) was a leap year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1968 calendar). ... The Right Honourable Joseph Philippe Pierre Yves Elliott Trudeau PC, CC, CH, QC, MA, LL.D, FRSC (October 18, 1919 – September 28, 2000) was the fifteenth Prime Minister of Canada from April 20, 1968 to June 3, 1979, and from March 3, 1980 to June 30, 1984. ... The Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (PC) was a Canadian centre-right conservative political party that existed from 1867 to 2003. ... The Right Honourable Robert Lorne Stanfield, PC (April 11, 1914-December 16, 2003) was Premier of Nova Scotia and leader of the federal Progressive Conservative Party of Canada. ... Atlantic Canada consists of the four Canadian provinces on the Atlantic Ocean: Newfoundland and Labrador, New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island. ... This article is about a geographic region. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English, French (in some areas) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 106 24 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 4th 1... The first European explorer of what is now Quebec was Jacques Cartier, who planted a cross either in the Gaspé in 1534 or at Old Fort Bay on the Lower North Shore and sailed into the St. ...


A key issue in the election was controlling spiralling inflation. Stanfield had proposed a "90-day wage and price freeze" to break the momentum of inflation. Trudeau had ridiculed this policy as an intrusion on the rights of businesses and employees to set or negotiate their own prices and wages with the catch-phrase, "Zap! You're frozen!" In 1975, Trudeau introduced his own wage and price control system under the auspices of the "Anti-Inflation Board".


The New Democratic Party, led by David Lewis, lost less than two-and-a-half percentage points in popular vote, but almost half of their seats in the House of Commons. The New Democratic Party (French: Nouveau Parti démocratique) is a left wing political party in Canada that advocates varying forms of social democracy and democratic socialism. ... David Lewis, CC , MA (June 23, 1909-May 23, 1981) was a Russian-born Canadian labour lawyer and politician. ... The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, which also includes the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ...


The Social Credit Party of Canada, led by Real Caouette, continued to lose ground, and fell to 11 seats, one short of the number required to be recognized as a party in the House of Commons (and therefore qualify for research funds and parliamentary committee memberships). This status was nonetheless extended to the party by the governing Liberals. The Social Credit Party of Canada was a conservative - populist political party in Canada that promoted social credit theories of monetary reform. ... David Réal Caouette (September 26, 1917 - December 16, 1976) was a Canadian politician from Quebec, who was a leader of the Social Credit Party of Canada. ...


One seat was won in New Brunswick by independent candidate Leonard Jones. Jones, the former mayor of Moncton, had secured the Progressive Conservative nomination, but PC leader Stanfield refused to sign Jones' nomination papers because he was a vocal opponent of official bilingualism, which the PC Party supported. Jones had opposed providing services in French in the City of Moncton even though 30% of the city's population was francophone. Jones ran and won as an independent. After the election, Social Credit leader Caouette invited Jones to join the Socred caucus, which would have given that party enough members for official status. Caouette justified the invitation on the basis that Jones agreed with providing bilingual education at the primary school level. Jones declined Caouette's invitation, and sat as an independent. Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope was restored) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Lieutenant-Governor Herménégilde Chiasson Premier Bernard Lord (PC) Area 72 908 km² (11th) • Land 71 450 km² • Water 1 458 km² (2. ... Moncton (2001 population 61,046, metropolitan population 117,727) is one of the eight cities in the Canadian province of New Brunswick. ... Bilingualism in Canada refers to laws and policies of the federal government — and some other levels of government — mandating that certain services and communications be available to the public in both English and French. ... A francophone is a person who speaks French natively or by adoption (i. ...


National results

Party Party Leader # of
candidates
Seats Popular Vote
1972 Dissolution Elected % Change # % Change
     Liberal
Pierre Trudeau
264 109 109 141 +29.4% 4,102,853 43.15% +4.73%
     Progressive Conservative
Robert Stanfield
264 107 106 95 -11.2% 3,371,319 35.46% +0.44%
     New Democratic
David Lewis
262 31 31 16 -48.4% 1,467,748 15.44% -2.40%
     Social Credit
Real Caouette
152 15 15 11 -26.7% 481,231 5.06% -2.49%
     Independent 63 1 - 1 - 38,745 0.41% -0.18%
     Unknown 28 - - - - 17,124 0.18% -0.15%
     Marxist-Leninist
Hardial Bains
104     -   16,261 0.17%  
     Communist
William Kashtan
69     -   12,100 0.13%  
     No affiliation 3 1 1 - -100% 551 0.01% -0.24%
     Vacant 2  
Total 1,209 264 264 264 - 9,507,932 100%  
Sources: http://www.elections.ca History of Federal Ridings since 1867

Note: "% change" refers to change from previous election The House of Commons after the 1972 election The Canadian federal election of 1972 was held on October 30, 1972 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. ... In parliamentary systems, a dissolution of parliament is the dispersal of a legislature at the call of an election. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: Parti libéral du Canada) is a political party in Canada. ... The Right Honourable Joseph Philippe Pierre Yves Elliott Trudeau PC, CC, CH, QC, MA, LL.D, FRSC (October 18, 1919 – September 28, 2000) was the fifteenth Prime Minister of Canada from April 20, 1968 to June 3, 1979, and from March 3, 1980 to June 30, 1984. ... The Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (PC) was a Canadian centre-right conservative political party that existed from 1867 to 2003. ... The Right Honourable Robert Lorne Stanfield, PC (April 11, 1914-December 16, 2003) was Premier of Nova Scotia and leader of the federal Progressive Conservative Party of Canada. ... The New Democratic Party (French: Nouveau Parti démocratique) is a left wing political party in Canada that advocates varying forms of social democracy and democratic socialism. ... David Lewis, CC , MA (June 23, 1909-May 23, 1981) was a Russian-born Canadian labour lawyer and politician. ... The Social Credit Party of Canada was a conservative - populist political party in Canada that promoted social credit theories of monetary reform. ... David Réal Caouette (September 26, 1917 - December 16, 1976) was a Canadian politician from Quebec, who was a leader of the Social Credit Party of Canada. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Hardial Bains Hardial Bains (August 15, 1939 – August 24, 1997) was the founder and leader of the Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) until his death. ... The Communist Party of Canada is a communist political party in Canada. ... William Kashtan (1909-1993?) became general secretary of the Communist Party of Canada in January 1965, several months following the death of Leslie Morris. ...


Results by province

Party Name BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL NT YK Total
     Liberal Seats: 8 - 3 2 55 60 6 2 1 4 - - 141
     Popular Vote (%): 33.8 24.8 30.7 27.4 45.1 54.1 47.2 40.7 46.2 46.7 24.7 33.5 43.2
     Progressive Conservative Seats: 13 19 8 9 25 3 3 8 3 3 - 1 95
     Vote: 41.9 61.2 36.4 47.7 35.1 21.2 33.0 47.5 49.1 43.6 33.2 47.1 35.5
     New Democratic Seats: 2 - 2 2 8 - - 1 - - 1 - 16
     Vote: 23.0 9.3 31.5 23.5 19.1 6.6 8.7 11.2 4.6 9.5 42.1 19.5 15.4
     Social Credit Seats: - - - - - 11 - -   -     11
     Vote: 1.2 3.4 1.1 1.1 0.2 17.1 2.9 0.4   0.1     5.1
     Independent Seats: - - - - - - 1     -     1
     Vote: 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 8.1     0.1     0.4
Total seats: 23 19 13 13 88 74 10 11 4 7 1 1 264
Parties that won no seats:
     Unknown Vote: xx 1.0.   0.1 0.1 0.3     0.1       0.2
     Marxist-Leninist Vote: 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.4 xx 0.1         0.2
     Communist Vote: 0.3 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1             0.1
     No affiliation Vote:         xx xx             xx

xx - less than 0.05% of the popular vote. Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Official languages English Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Lieutenant-Governor of British Columbia Iona Campagnolo Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 36 6 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 5th 944,735 km² 2. ... Motto: Fortis et Liber (Strong and free) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong Premier Ralph Klein (PC) Area 661,848 km² (6th) • Land 642,317 km² • Water 19,531 km² (2. ... Motto: Multis E Gentibus Vires (From many peoples, strength) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Regina Largest city Saskatoon Lieutenant-Governor Lynda M. Haverstock Premier Lorne Calvert (NDP) Area 651,036 km² (7th) • Land 591,670 km² • Water 59,366 km² (9. ... Motto: Gloriosus et Liber (Latin: Glorious and free) Official languages English Capital Winnipeg Largest city Winnipeg Lieutenant-Governor of Manitoba John Harvard Premier Gary Doer (NDP) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 14 6 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 8th 647,797 km² 14. ... Motto: Ut Incepit Fidelis Sic Permanet (Latin: Loyal she began, loyal she remains) Official languages English, French (in some areas) Capital Toronto Largest city Toronto Lieutenant-Governor of Ontario James K. Bartleman Premier Dalton McGuinty (Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 106 24 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 4th 1... The first European explorer of what is now Quebec was Jacques Cartier, who planted a cross either in the Gaspé in 1534 or at Old Fort Bay on the Lower North Shore and sailed into the St. ... Motto: Spem reduxit (Hope was restored) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Fredericton Largest city Saint John Lieutenant-Governor Herménégilde Chiasson Premier Bernard Lord (PC) Area 72 908 km² (11th) • Land 71 450 km² • Water 1 458 km² (2. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Official languages English Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Lieutenant-Governor of Nova Scotia Myra Freeman Premier John Hamm (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 11 10 Area  - Total  - % water Ranked 12th 55,283 km² 3. ... Motto: Parva Sub Ingenti (The small under the protection of the great) Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Charlottetown Largest city Charlottetown Lieutenant-Governor J. Léonce Bernard Premier Pat Binns (PC) Area 5,660 km² (13th) • Land 5,660 km² • Water 0 km² (0%) Population (2004) â... This is about the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Motto: None Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Commissioner Tony Whitford Premier Joe Handley (Consensus government - no party affiliations) Area 1,346,106 km² (3rd) Land 1,183,085 km² Water 163,021 km² (12. ... Motto: none Other Canadian provinces and territories Capital Whitehorse Largest city Whitehorse Commissioner Jack Cable Premier Dennis Fentie (Yukon Party) Area 482,443 km² (9th) • Land 474,391 km² • Water 8,052 km² (1. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: Parti libéral du Canada) is a political party in Canada. ... The Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (PC) was a Canadian centre-right conservative political party that existed from 1867 to 2003. ... The New Democratic Party (French: Nouveau Parti démocratique) is a left wing political party in Canada that advocates varying forms of social democracy and democratic socialism. ... The Social Credit Party of Canada was a conservative - populist political party in Canada that promoted social credit theories of monetary reform. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The Communist Party of Canada is a communist political party in Canada. ...


Notes

  • Number of Parties: 6
    • First appearance: Marxist-Leninist Party of Canada
    • Final appearance: none

See: 30th Canadian parliament for a full list of MPs elected in this election. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... The initial seat distribution of the 30th Canadian parliament The 30th Canadian parliament was in session from 1974 until 1979. ...



Preceded by:
1972 federal election
Canadian federal elections Followed by:
1979 federal election

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