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Encyclopedia > Canadian content

Canadian content (abbreviated cancon or can-con) refers to the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission requirements that radio and television broadcasters (including cable/satellite specialty channels) must air a certain percentage of content that was at least partly written, produced, presented, or otherwise contributed to by persons from Canada. It also refers to that content itself, and, more generally, to cultural and creative content that is Canadian in nature. The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC, in French Conseil de la radiodiffusion et des télécommunications canadiennes) was established in 1968 by the Canadian Parliament to replace the Board of Broadcast Governors. ... Note: broadcasting is also the old term for hand sowing. ... A specialty channel or specialty service is a television channel, generally not available through conventional broadcast television, which consists of programming focused on a single type or targeted at a specific demographic. ... A percentage is a way of expressing a proportion, a ratio or a fraction as a whole number, by using 100 as the denominator. ... Look up content in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


Some other countries employ similar quota systems. For example, Australian broadcasters are required to broadcast a certain percentage of Australasian content alongside international content. Similar domestic content quota laws also exist in the Philippines, Ireland, South Africa, Jamaica, United Kingdom, New Zealand, and even the United States (In Texas radio stations must play at least 15% content that is made by Texan musicians). Look up quota in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Australasia is the area that includes Australia, New Zealand, New Guinea, and the many smaller islands in the vicinity, most of which are the eastern part of Indonesia. ... For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ...


A major motivation is the fear that without a regulatory system, independent Canadian popular culture would be swallowed up by that of the neighbouring United States. However, the policy has been criticised by other commentators as cultural protectionism. Protectionism is the economic policy of restraining trade between nations, through methods such as high tariffs on imported goods, restrictive quotas, a variety of restrictive government regulations designed to discourage imports, and anti-dumping laws in an attempt to protect domestic industries in a particular nation from foreign take-over...

Contents

Radio

For music, the requirements are referred to as the MAPL system. Following an extensive public hearing process organised by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC), the MAPL system, created by Stan Klees (co-creator of the Juno Award), was adopted as a way to define and identify Canadian content in pieces of music for the purposes of increasing exposure of Canadian music on Canadian radio through content regulations governing a percentage (25%) of airplay that is to be devoted to Canadian music. The percentage was increased to 30 per cent in the 1980s, and to 35 per cent in the 1990s. The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC, in French Conseil de la radiodiffusion et des télécommunications canadiennes) was established in 1968 by the Canadian Parliament to replace the Board of Broadcast Governors. ... The Juno Awards are awards of achievement presented to Canadian musical artists and bands. ... The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ...


Some stations — especially those playing formats where there may be a limited number of Canadian recordings suitable for airplay, such as classical, jazz or "oldies", may be allowed by the CRTC to meet Canadian content targets as low as 20 per cent. Stations in Windsor, Ontario can meet lower Canadian content targets due to Windsor's proximity to the Metro Detroit media market in the United States. Classical music is a broad, somewhat imprecise term, referring to music produced in, or rooted in the traditions of, European art, ecclesiastical and concert music, encompassing a broad period from roughly 1000 to the present day. ... For other uses, see Jazz (disambiguation). ... Oldies is a generic term commonly used to describe a radio format that usually concentrates on Top 40 music from the 50s, 60s and 70s. ... Nickname: Motto: The river and the land sustain us. ... The Detroit metropolitan area, often referred to as Metro Detroit, is the metropolitan area located in southeastern Michigan, centered on the city of Detroit. ...


Community Radio and Campus-based Community radio stations are required to meet higher Canadian content targets than commercial broadcasters. Many stations commit to targets beyond the mandated minimums. The instructional Campus radio station of Toronto's Humber College, CKHC, offered to adopt a 100 per cent Canadian content policy in 2005. Commercial broadcaster CKNS in Haldimand offers a Canadian-heavy music format. To offer flexibility its owners applied for 60 per cent Canadian content, rather than 100 per cent, as their condition of license. CFMU Radio in Hamilton, Ontario had for many years a minimum quota for music by local musicians. Community radio is a type of radio service that caters to the interests of a certain area, broadcasting material that is popular to a local audience but is overlooked by more powerful broadcast groups. ... Campus radio (also known as college radio, university radio or student radio) is a type of radio station that is run by the students of a college, university or other educational institution. ... Campus radio (also known as college radio, university radio or student radio) is a type of radio station that is run by the students of a college, university or other educational institution. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Diversity Our Strength Image:Toronto, Ontario Location. ... Humber College Institute of Technology & Advanced Learning (generally referred to as Humber) is a college in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. ... CKHC is a Canadian radio station, broadcasting at 90. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... CKNS is a Canadian commercial radio station, licensed to Haldimand, Ontario in 2005. ... Haldimand is a single-tier municipality (but called a county) on the Niagara Peninsula in southern Ontario, on Lake Erie, and on the Grand River. ... CFMU is a Canadian radio station, broadcasting at 93. ...


Before the MAPL system was established in 1971 Canadian music was regarded with indifference on Canadian radio. This was a major hurdle for Canadian musicians since they could not gain attention in their home country without having a hit single in the United States first. Even after MAPL was implemented, in the early 1970s some radio stations were criticised for restricting their Canadian content to off-peak listening hours, in program blocks mockingly known as the "beaver hour". This practise is now prevented by CRTC regulations that stipulate that CanCon percentages must be met between 6 am and 6 pm, rather than allowing a station to save all their Canadian content for off-peak hours. The history of music of Canada has mirrored the history and evolution of the country. ... The 1970s decade refers to the years from 1970 to 1979, also called The Seventies. ... The beaver hour, or beaver bin, is a satirical nickname for the programming policies of some Canadian radio stations in the 1970s. ...


On satellite radio services, Canadian content regulation is applied in aggregate over the whole subscription package. The licensed satellite radio broadcasters, Sirius Canada and XM Radio Canada, are not required to adjust the programming on the international broadcast services they offer, but must offer a minimum number of Canadian-produced channels with at least 85 per cent Canadian content on those services. // A satellite radio or subscription radio (SR) is a digital radio signal that is broadcast by a communications satellite, which covers a much wider geographical range than terrestrial radio signals. ... Sirius Canada is a Canadian partnership between Standard Broadcasting, the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation and Sirius Satellite Radio, which was one of three services licensed by the CRTC on June 16, 2005 to introduce satellite radio service to Canada. ... XM Radio Canada is the operating name of Canadian Satellite Radio Holdings Inc. ...


How the MAPL system works

To qualify as Canadian content a musical selection must generally fulfil at least two of the following conditions:

  • M (music) — the music is composed entirely by a Canadian.
  • A (artist) — the music is, or the lyrics are, performed principally by a Canadian.
  • P (production) — the musical selection consists of a performance that is:
    • recorded wholly in Canada, or
    • performed wholly in Canada and broadcast live in Canada.
  • L (lyrics) — the lyrics are written entirely by a Canadian.[1]

There are four special cases where a musical selection may qualify as Canadian content:

  • The musical selection was recorded before January 1972 and meets one of the above conditions.
  • It is an instrumental performance of a musical composition written or composed by a Canadian.
  • It is a performance of a musical composition that a Canadian has composed for instruments only.
  • The musical selection was performed live or recorded after September 1, 1991, and, in addition to meeting the criterion for either artist or production, a Canadian who has collaborated with a non-Canadian receives at least half of the credit for both music and lyrics.

This last criterion was added in 1991, to accommodate Bryan Adams' album Waking Up the Neighbours. Adams had collaborated with British record producer Robert "Mutt" Lange, and as a result, neither the album nor the worldwide smash hit single "Everything I Do (I Do It For You)" qualified as Canadian content under the existing rules. After extensive controversy in the summer of that year, the CRTC changed the rules to allow for such collaborations. Other Canadian artists with long-time international careers, like Anne Murray, Celine Dion, Avril Lavigne and Shania Twain (now married to aforementioned Robert "Mutt" Lange), have used recording studios in Canada specifically to maintain Cancon status. Year 1972 (MCMLXXII) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar. ... For other persons of the same name, see Brian Adams. ... Waking up the Neighbours is a rock album by Canadian singer/songwriter Bryan Adams released in 1991 (see 1991 in music). ... Robert John Mutt Lange (IPA of surname: [1]) (born November 16, 1948) is an award-winning record producer and songwriter of popular music. ... Everything I Do (I Do It for You) is a song by Bryan Adams, featured on the Robin Hood: Prince of Thieves soundtrack. ... Not to be confused with Ann Murray. ... This article is about the musician. ... Avril Lavigne Whibley,[7] better known by her birth name of Avril Lavigne (IPA: ), (born September 27, 1984) is a Canadian rock/punk-pop singer, musician and actress. ... Shania Twain, IPA: OC (born Eilleen Regina Edwards, August 28, 1965, Windsor, Ontario) is a Canadian singer and songwriter in the country and pop music genres. ... Robert John Mutt Lange (IPA of surname: [1]) (born November 16, 1948) is an award-winning record producer and songwriter of popular music. ...


The MAPL logo

Every radio station in Canada must meet Canadian content quotas, therefore, the MAPL logo, created by Stan Klees, on album packaging and on the compact disc itself increases the chance that the music will receive airplay in Canada. The MAPL logo is a circle divided into four parts, one part for each of the four "MAPL" categories. The categories in which the music qualifies are black with a white initial M, A, P or L. The categories for which the music does not qualify are in white, with a black letter.


Controversy

Canadian content remains controversial at times — some Canadians believe that Cancon represents an unreasonable and undemocratic intrusion into the right of consumers to make their own entertainment choices, and claim that the policy is too often used to prop up weak or untalented artists. (See also cultural cringe.) Cultural cringe, in cultural studies and social anthropology, is an internalized inferiority complex which causes people in a country to dismiss their own culture as inferior to the cultures of other countries. ...


Some musicians and critics charge that radio stations tend to fulfil their Canadian content quotas by playing "safe" choices, i.e. well-established artists such as Shania Twain, The Tragically Hip or Bryan Adams, to the exclusion of emerging artists. In fact, artists who are not established are sometimes forced to build an audience outside Canada before Canadian radio will play them, the very thing the Canadian content rules were designed to remedy. For example, Arcade Fire had no commercial radio airplay in Canada until months after the band was widely anointed rising stars in the American music media, while Daniel Powter had to reach the pop charts in Europe before Canadian radio played his music. Shania Twain, IPA: OC (born Eilleen Regina Edwards, August 28, 1965, Windsor, Ontario) is a Canadian singer and songwriter in the country and pop music genres. ... The Tragically Hip is a Canadian rock band from Kingston, Ontario, consisting of Gordon Downie (lead vocals and occasional acoustic guitar), Paul Langlois (guitar), Rob Baker (guitar), Gord Sinclair (bass) and Johnny Fay (drums). ... For other persons of the same name, see Brian Adams. ... Arcade Fire is an indie rock band based in Montreal, Quebec which is based around the husband and wife duo of Win Butler and Régine Chassagne. ... Daniel Robert Powter (born February 25, 1971) is a Canadian Grammy Award-nominated recording artist. ... For other uses, see Europe (disambiguation). ...


In 2005, the website Indie Pool launched a campaign to have the CRTC review and modify the current Canadian content rules to put greater stress on upholding new and emerging artists. The group's petition is signed by approximately 5,000 Canadian artists and music fans to date, but is not widely supported by Canadian media or acknowledged by the CRTC. Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


In 2006, the Canadian Association of Broadcasters, in a submission to the CRTC, proposed a lessening of Canadian content regulating to 25 per cent, arguing that conventional radio faced more competition from alternative music sources Internet radio, satellite radio and iPods, and, in the same submission, proposed stricter new guidelines on the licensing of new radio stations. In another submission, Friends of Canadian Broadcasting argued the Canadian broadcasting industry is in a healthy position and did not need to have the Canadian content rules relaxed. Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Canadian Association of Broadcasters is an organization representing Canadas private television and radio networks, established in 1926, it has over 600 members. ... Internet radio (aka e-Radio) is an audio broadcasting service transmitted via the Internet. ... // A satellite radio or subscription radio (SR) is a digital radio signal that is broadcast by a communications satellite, which covers a much wider geographical range than terrestrial radio signals. ... iPod is a brand of portable media players designed and marketed by Apple Inc. ... Friends of Canadian Broadcasting is a Canadian public interest group. ...


Talk radio and American syndicated programming

Unlike music radio, the rules on talk radio are more ambiguous. The vast majority of Canadian talk radio stations operate with local talk for most of the daylight hours, with the exception of two nationally syndicated Canadian talk show hosts: news/talk personality Charles Adler and sports talk host Bob McCown (despite the fact that McCown is in fact American born). For other persons named Charles Adler, see Charles Adler (disambiguation). ... Robert Bob McCown (born in Columbus, Ohio) is a sportscaster and the host of a late afternoon/early evening radio talk show called Prime Time Sports. ...


Syndicated programming from the United States invariably airs after 7:00 p.m. local time in virtually all markets, and usually features non-political programs such as Joy Browne, The Jim Rome Show, and Coast to Coast AM. This, however, has loosened in recent years; the now defunct CFBN aired Dennis Miller and the Glenn Beck Program on tape delay in the evenings for a few months, from April through November 2007 (when CFBN stopped broadcasting over the air), and The Phil Hendrie Show, which now contains significant political content, still airs on CKTB. Despite this, the most popular American shows, such as The Rush Limbaugh Show, still have no affiliates in Canada. Dr. Joy Browne is a radio psychologist. ... The Jim Rome Show is a sports radio talk show hosted by Jim Rome. ... Coast to Coast AM is a late-night syndicated radio talk show in the United States which deals with a variety of topics, but most frequently ones that relate either to the paranormal, or to alleged conspiracies. ... CFBN is a Canadian radio station, broadcasting on AM 1280 in Mississauga, Ontario. ... Dennis Miller (born November 3, 1953) is an American stand-up comedian, political/sports commentator, and television/radio personality. ... It has been suggested that Glenn Beck: On Ice be merged into this article or section. ... An official t-shirt. ... CKTB is a radio station in St. ... The Rush Limbaugh Show is an American radio program broadcast live Monday through Friday. ...


As in the United States in the 1980s, the trend for AM stations in Canada in the 1990s (and continuing today) was to apply for an FM broadcasting license or move away from music in favour of talk radio formats. The total amount of Canadian-produced content declined as broadcasters could license syndicated radio programs produced in the U.S., while the Cancon regulations were conceived to apply to music only, and not to spoken-word programming. This became particularly controversial in 1998 when stations in Toronto and Montreal (ironically on FM), started airing The Howard Stern Show from New York City during prime daytime hours. Stern was forced off the air not because of Canadian content, but because the Canadian Broadcast Standards Council reprimanded the stations broadcasting Stern numerous times for Stern's comments, which prompted the two stations to drop him in short order. Mediumwave radio transmissions (sometimes called Medium frequency or MF) are those between the frequencies of 300 kHz and 3000 kHz. ... FM radio is a broadcast technology invented by Edwin Howard Armstrong that uses frequency modulation to provide high-fidelity sound over broadcast radio. ... For other uses, see Talk Radio. ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... This article is about the radio show hosted by Howard Stern. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The Canadian Broadcast Standards Council is an independent, non-governmental organization created by the Canadian Association of Broadcasters to administer standards established by its members, Canadas private broadcasters. ...


American shows that combine talk and music, such as Delilah and John Tesh, will usually have special playlists for airing in Canada to assist in meeting Canadian content requirements. Because of the different requirements, American syndicated oldies programs are widely popular in Canada, such as American Gold, Wolfman Jack, and M. G. Kelly's American Hit List. These shows usually do not substitute Canadian songs; those that do can use music such as that from The Guess Who, Paul Anka, Terry Jacks or R. Dean Taylor. In other formats, an American syndicated program will sometimes be counterbalanced with an all-Canadian program; for instance, CKMX will broadcast Country Countdown USA and America's Grand Ole Opry Weekend, counterbalancing that with the Canadian syndicated programs Country Gold with Will Brown, Canadian Country Countdown and Hugh McClennan's Spirit of the West. American syndicated series are usually played in "off peak" and weekend hours. Delilah Rene Luke, almost always simply known as Delilah, is the host of a nationally syndicated nightly U.S. radio song request and dedication program, with an estimated 7 million listeners. ... John Frank Tesh (born July 9, 1952) is an American pianist and composer of new age and contemporary Christian music. ... Oldies is a generic term commonly used to describe a radio format that usually concentrates on Top 40 music from the 50s, 60s and 70s. ... American Gold is a syndicated weekly, four-hour, hit-packed, entertaining, oldies countdown program which is written, produced and hosted by Radio Hall-of-Famer Dick Bartley. ... Robert Weston (Bob) Smith (21 January 1938 – 1 July 1995) became world famous in the 1960s and 1970s as a disc jockey using the stage name of Wolfman Jack. ... M. G. Kelly aka Machine Gun Kelly (born in 1954 in Ada, Oklahoma) is an actor, disc jockey and radio personality from Los Angeles, California. ... The Guess Who is a Canadian rock band from Winnipeg, Manitoba, that was one of the first to establish a major successful following in their own country while still residing there. ... Paul Albert Anka, OC (born July 30, 1941, in Ottawa, Ontario) is a Canadian singer, songwriter and actor. ... Terry Jacks (born March 29, 1944 in Winnipeg) is a Canadian singer, songwriter, record producer and environmentalist. ... R. Dean Taylor (born 1939) is a Canadian born singer, most famous as an artist, songwriter, and record producer for Motown Records during the 1960s and 1970s. ... Country Countdown USA is a nationally syndicated weekly country music top-30 chart countdown program hosted by Lon Helton. ... The Grand Ole Opry is a weekly Saturday night country music radio program broadcast live on WSM radio in Nashville, Tennessee, and televised on Great American Country network. ...


Television

See also: Television in Canada

To an even greater extent than on radio, Canadian television programming has been a perennially difficult proposition for the broadcast industry, particularly dramatic programming in prime-time. It is much more economical for Canadian stations to buy the Canadian rights to an American prime-time series instead of financing a new homemade production. Perhaps more importantly, given the reach of the major U.S. broadcast networks in Canada, it is virtually impossible to delay or modify a U.S. program's broadcast schedule, as regularly occurs in other foreign markets, to weed out failures or to otherwise accommodate indigenous programming. This article concerns television in Canada, including its history, programming and business. ...


In English Canada, presently only the public network, CBC Television, devotes the vast majority of its prime-time schedule to Canadian content, having dropped U.S. network series in the mid-1990s. The French-language networks, both public and private, also rely largely on Canadian series, relying on dubbed American movies - with a handful of dubbed series - for most of their foreign content. CBC Television is a Canadian English language television network. ...


Programming

Early Canadian programming was often produced merely to fill content requirements, and featured exceedingly low budgets, rushed production schedules, poor writing and little in the way of production values and as a result did not attract much of an audience. The Trouble With Tracy was a notable offender in this regard. However, even given these limitations, some productions managed to rise above the mediocre - both SCTV (originally on Global) and Smith & Smith (CHCH) grew from local low-budget productions with a limited audience to large production companies with a North American audience. The Trouble with Tracy was a Canadian television series produced by CTV for the 1971–1972 television season. ... SCTV can refer to a number of things, including the following: SCTV (Indonesia) from Surya Citra Television, headquartered in Indonesia. ... Global Television Network (more commonly called Global TV or just Global) is a Canadian English language privately owned television network. ... Smith & Smith was a Canadian sketch comedy series, which aired from 1979 to 1985 on Hamilton, Ontarios CHCH, and through syndication on other Canadian television stations. ... CHCH is a television station in Hamilton, Ontario that is part of the CH system. ...


In the 1980s and early 1990s, distinctly Canadian drama series such as CBC's Street Legal or CTV's E.N.G. consistently drew hundreds of thousands of viewers each week. In the latter part of the 1990s and the early 2000s, Global's Traders and the CBC drama Da Vinci's Inquest completed long runs, buoyed by critical approval if not overwhelming viewer success. As for CTV, after short-lived runs of planned "flagship" drama series such as The City, The Associates and The Eleventh Hour, the network has recently found ratings success with the reality television series Canadian Idol and with the sitcom Corner Gas, the latter now syndicated to the US. The CBC dramedy This is Wonderland was a moderate success with a loyal fan base, but was nonetheless cancelled in 2006 after three seasons. The 1980s refers to the years from 1980 to 1989. ... For the band, see 1990s (band). ... For other uses, see Drama (disambiguation). ... For other meanings, see Street legal (disambiguation). ... This article is about the Broadcast Television Network CTV, for the broadcasting television company see CTVglobemedia. ... E.N.G. (Electronic news gathering) was a Canadian television drama, following the staff of a television news station. ... This article is about the decade of 2000-2009. ... Global Television Network (more commonly called Global TV or just Global) is a Canadian English language privately owned television network. ... Traders was a Canadian television drama series, which aired on Global Television Network from 1995 to 2000. ... Da Vincis Inquest is a Canadian dramatic television series, which aired on the CBC from 1998 to 2005. ... The City was a Canadian television drama series, which aired on CTV from 1999 to 2001. ... The Associates was a Canadian television drama series, which aired on CTV Television Network in 2001 and 2002. ... The Eleventh Hour (debuted 2002) is a Canadian television drama series which airs weekly on CTV. The show revolves around the reporters and producers at a fictional television newsmagazine series, The Eleventh Hour. ... // This article is about the genre of TV shows. ... Canadian Idol is a reality television show on the Canadian television network CTV, based on the popular British show Pop Idol and its American counterpart American Idol. ... A sitcom or situation comedy is a genre of comedy performance originally devised for radio but today typically found on television. ... Corner Gas is an award-winning Canadian situation comedy which has aired on CTV and The Comedy Network since 2004. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... Dramedy, a portmanteau of drama and comedy, is a genre of movies and television in which the lines between these very different genres were blurred. ... Cara Pifko, right, of This is Wonderland. ...


Specialty channels also naturally produce Canadian content, some of which, most notably Showcase's mockumentary series Trailer Park Boys, have been able to generate a strong mass appeal. A specialty channel or specialty service is a television channel, generally not available through conventional broadcast television, which consists of programming focused on a single type or targeted at a specific demographic. ... Showcase Television, often known as Showcase, is a Canadian cable television specialty channel owned by Alliance Atlantis Communications. ... Mockumentary (also known as a pseudo-documentary)[1], a portmanteau of mock and documentary, is a film and TV genre, or a single work of the genre. ... This article is about the television series. ...


Despite these indigenous successes, Canadian networks have frequently fulfilled Cancon requirements by airing series filmed in Canada but intended primarily for the lucrative United States market. Recent examples include CTV's Sue Thomas: F.B.Eye, Global's Zoe Busiek: Wild Card, and Citytv's Stargate SG-1. International co-productions such as Jozi-H, The Tudors, Charlie Jade and the current revival of Doctor Who are also common. Zoe Busiek: Wild Card is a Canadian television series broadcast since 2003 on Global. ... Citytv is an English language privately owned television system in Canada. ... Stargate SG-1 (often abbreviated as SG-1) is a science fiction television series, part of the Stargate franchise. ... Jozi-H is a one-hour hospital drama series set in Johannesburg, South Africa at the Johannesburg General Hospital. ... The Tudors is an Emmy Award-nominated television series that examines the early reign of Henry VIII, with Jonathan Rhys Meyers in the lead role. ... Charlie Jade is the name of a science fiction television program filmed mainly in Cape Town, South Africa. ... This article is about the television series. ...


Another increasingly common practice in recent years has been for the networks, instead of investing in new Canadian drama programming, to rebroadcast series that previously aired on Canadian cable networks, such as ReGenesis, Terminal City or Durham County. Cable TV redirects here. ... ReGenesis is a Canadian television program produced by The Movie Network and Movie Central in conjunction with Shaftesbury Films. ... Terminal City was a Canadian mini-series about a woman (Maria del Mar) diagnosed with breast cancer while running a failing reality tv show turning it into a hit as her life and body begin to change. ... Durham County is a Canadian television drama series, airing on The Movie Network and Movie Central in 2007. ...


The Red Green Show was also a success, being imported into the United States via PBS. That show's cast often did pledge drive specials and received strong viewer support on PBS stations in the northern part of the United States, such as Minnesota, Wisconsin, Michigan, New Hampshire and New York. The Red Green Show is a television comedy that aired on CBC Television in Canada and on PBS in the United States from 1991 until the series finale 7 April 2006 on CBC. Reruns currently air on CBC Television, CBC Country Canada, The Comedy Network, and various PBS stations. ... Note: Public Broadcasting Services is a broadcaster in Malta. ... Fundraising is the term referring to the process of soliciting and gathering money by requesting donations from individuals, businesses, charitable foundations, or governmental agencies. ... Capital Saint Paul Largest city Minneapolis Largest metro area Minneapolis-St. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... For other uses, see New Hampshire (disambiguation). ... This article is about the state. ...


The television show SCTV created the 2-minute long "Great White North" sketch with the characters Bob and Doug McKenzie to both fulfil and make fun of the Canadian content rules, as the sketch was loaded with Canadian stereotypes. It became the most popular segment of the show and the characters, played by Rick Moranis and Dave Thomas, would be featured in comedy albums, film and commercials. Second City Television, or SCTV, was a Canadian television sketch comedy show offshoot from the Toronto troupe of The Second City. ... Sketch Show redirects here. ... Great White North album cover with Bob (left) and Doug McKenzie (right) Bob and Doug McKenzie were a pair of fictional Canadian brothers who hosted The Great White North, a sketch which was introduced on SCTV for the shows third season when it moved to the CBC in 1980. ... In modern usage, a stereotype is a simplified mental picture of an individual or group of people who share a certain characteristic (or stereotypical) qualities. ... Frederick Alan Rick Moranis (born April 18, 1953) is a Canadian actor, comedian and musician best known for his comedy work on SCTV and appeared in several Hollywood films including Ghostbusters, Little Shop of Horrors, Honey, I Shrunk the Kids, Spaceballs, and My Blue Heaven. ... See the David Thomas disambiguation page for other people with this name. ...


Regulations

For broadcast stations, the CRTC presently requires that 60% of all programming broadcast between 6:00am and midnight, and 50% of programming aired between 6:00pm and midnight, be of Canadian origin.[2] However, historically, much of these requirements have been fulfilled by low-cost news, current affairs and talk programs in off-peak hours. It is usually not difficult to fill the daytime schedule with a sufficient amount of Cancon, often through reruns, while two-thirds of the latter requirement can be filled simply by airing an hour of news every night at 6PM and again at 11PM. As described above, often the remaining domestic content has consisted of low-cost science fiction or drama programming primarily intended for sale to the U.S. and elsewhere, and has aired on nights or in time-slots where it is unlikely to attract a large audience, freeing up other time-slots for American network programming. Science fiction is a form of speculative fiction principally dealing with the impact of imagined science and technology, or both, upon society and persons as individuals. ... For other uses, see Drama (disambiguation). ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American...


Over the years the CRTC has tried a number of strategies intended to increase the success of Canadian programming, including expenditure requirements and time credits (i.e. a single hour of Cancon counts for more than an hour) for productions with specific requirements. Its most recent policy, issued in 1999, requires stations owned by the largest private groups, including CTV, Global/CH, Citytv/A-Channel, and TVA/Sun TV, to air an average of eight hours per week (between 7 and 11 p.m.) of priority programming, including the following categories: Events of 2008: (EMILY) Me Lesley and MIley are going to China! This article is about the year. ... CH is a Canadian English language privately owned television system owned by CanWest MediaWorks Inc. ... A-Channel, previously known as the NewNet, is a Canadian English language privately owned television system owned by CTVglobemedia. ... TVA is a private commercial Canadian French-language television network based in Quebec. ... CKXT is a broadcast television station in Toronto, Ontario, Canada which uses the on-air brand of SUN TV. The station began broadcasting on September 19, 2003, on channel 52. ...

  • drama (for CRTC purposes "drama" includes scripted comedies)
  • variety
  • documentaries
  • entertainment newsmagazines

Drama programs which meet specific requirements, including the number of Canadians in key production roles, can count for additional time credits for this purpose but not for the purposes of the overall 60%/50% requirements. (Global/E! and Citytv/A-Channel are generally prohibited from sharing priority programming.)


These current regulations have been criticised by actors' and directors' groups, among others, for not adequately favouring dramas. Indeed, reality television series began to grow in popularity soon after the policy was announced, driving Canadian broadcasters to produce more of these programs as opposed to higher-cost dramas. (For instance, the audition episodes of Canadian Idol could qualify as "documentaries", and the performance / results episodes as "variety".) As well, entertainment newsmagazines now regularly air during the "priority" period on CTV (eTalk Daily), Global (ET Canada), E! (E! News Weekend), and Sun TV (Inside Jam!), largely due to their priority standing. // This article is about the genre of TV shows. ... Canadian Idol is a reality television show on the Canadian television network CTV, based on the popular British show Pop Idol and its American counterpart American Idol. ... eTalk Daily is a Canadian entertainment news magazine television series hosted by Ben Mulroney and Tanya Kim. ... ET Canada is a Canadian entertainment newsmagazine series, launched on September 12, 2005 on Global. ... Jam! is a Canadian website, which covers entertainment news. ...


The CRTC later modified its policies slightly by increasing the incentives for airing new drama programs. Broadcasters could receive additional minutes of advertising above the 12 minutes per hour generally permitted, which could be aired anywhere in the schedule, in exchange for increasing the number of Canadian dramas aired and meeting certain other drama-related targets. However, these are not mandatory targets. Moreover, in 2007 the commission effectively negated these incentives by announcing the gradual removal of all limits on TV advertising. Several cultural lobby groups and performing-arts labour unions have called on the CRTC to compel the major networks to air a minimum number of hours of Canadian drama, or spend an arbitrary percentage of revenues on producing such drama programs. A union (labor union in American English; trade union, sometimes trades union, in British English; either labour union or trade union in Canadian English) is a legal entity consisting of employees or workers having a common interest, such as all the assembly workers for one employer, or all the workers...


Requirements for specialty channels and premium television services — channels available only on cable and satellite — often differ greatly from those of broadcast stations. Most long-established specialty channels are expected to devote at least 50% of airtime to Cancon, while category 2 digital channels and most premium services have much lower restrictions. However, specialty channels are allowed to take part in the advertising incentives. Premium television (sometimes pay television in North America) generally refers to a class of commercial-free television services which are available for subscription through cable and satellite television for fees much higher than traditional, packaged cable networks or specialty services. ...


Movies

Some have suggested that Canadian content minimums be enacted for movie theatres, too,[who?] though none have resulted.


References

  1. ^ The MAPL System
  2. ^ Canadian content for radio and television

External links

Multimedia

Samuel (Sam) Sniderman (born June 15, 1920) is a Canadian entrepreneur best known as the founder of Sam the Record Man, the Canadian record store chain. ... Sam the Record Man is a Canadian record store chain that, at one time, was Canadas largest music recording retailer, with 130 stores. ...

External links

  • MAPL system (CRTC)
  • Let's Fix Cancon - Site advocating changes to the Canadian Content system
  • Cancon Hall Of Shame - Views opposing the Cancon system.
The Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC, in French Conseil de la radiodiffusion et des télécommunications canadiennes) was established in 1968 by the Canadian Parliament to replace the Board of Broadcast Governors. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Canadian content - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2236 words)
Canadian content (cancon or can-con) refers to the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission requirements that radio and television broadcasters (including cable/satellite specialty channels) must air a certain percentage of content that was at least partly written, produced, presented, or otherwise contributed to by persons from Canada.
In 2006, the Canadian Association of Broadcasters, in a submission to the CRTC, proposed a reduction in Canadian content regulation to 25 per cent, arguing that conventional radio was facing increased competition from alternative music sources such as Internet radio, satellite radio and iPods.
In another submission, however, Friends of Canadian Broadcasting argued that the Canadian broadcasting industry is in a healthy position and did not need to have the Canadian content rules relaxed.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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