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Encyclopedia > Canadian census

The Census in Canada began with the colony's first census in 1666. In the years leading up to 1871, Canada's first national census, a total of 98 colonial and regional censuses were conducted. The number and types of questions have varied over the years, to suit the times and purposes of collection. 1666 is often called Annus Mirabilis. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ...


Today, Statistics Canada uses the census to obtain a demographic snapshot of Canada's population, both socially and economically, living in the various census divisions. And because censuses are conducted every 5 years, longitudinal study of current census data with previous census data yields insight into trends. In addition, census information is also used to plan public services including health care, education, and transportation, and determine federal transfer payments.[1] Statistics Canada is the Canadian federal government bureau commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... Demographics of Canada, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands. ... The census geographic units of Canada are the country subdivisions defined and used by Canadas federal government statistics bureau Statistics Canada[1] to conduct the countrys five-yearly census. ... In political science and economics, a transfer payment is a payment of money from a government or any other organization to an individual, a group or another order of government for which no good or service is directly required in return. ...

Contents

Highlights

Highlights of the census in Canada include:[2]

  • 1666 - colony's first census
  • 1871 - first national census
  • 1881 - census takers sworn to oath of secrecy
  • 1891 - census advertising through newspapers and from pulpits
  • 1901 - census adds questions on religion, birthplace, citizenship and period of immigration
  • 1911 - last census to ask questions on "infirmities"
  • 1921 - mechanical tabulation
  • 1931 - census adds questions to assess unemployment
  • 1941 - questions on fertility
  • 1951 - first census covering all 10 provinces and (then) 2 territories
  • 1956 - first mid-decade mini census; the Census of Agriculture and Census of Population would be taken together every 5 years
  • 1961 - census adds question on level of education
  • 1966 - last census to use only interviews
  • 1971 - self-enumeration and long/short forms introduced
  • 1976 - last mini-census; last census to ask question on "head" of family
  • 1981
  • 1986 - first full mid-decade census
  • 1991 - question on common-law relationship
  • 1996 - census questions translated into 49 non-official languages
  • 2001 - collection of data on same sex common-law couples
  • 2006 - online questionnaire
  • 2011

The 1666 census of New France was the first census conducted in Canada (and indeed in North America). ... The Canada 2001 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. ... yet to come ...

References

2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (140th in leap years). ... 2006 (MMVI) is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... May 19 is the 139th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (140th in leap years). ...

See also

Demographics of Canada, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands. ... The census geographic units of Canada are the country subdivisions defined and used by Canadas federal government statistics bureau Statistics Canada[1] to conduct the countrys five-yearly census. ... Canadas equivalent to Counties are known uniformly as Census Divisions which are called by different names in different provinces, or in different parts of provinces. ... A census metropolitan area, or CMA is a Canadian census subdivision comprising a large urban area (known as the urban core) and adjacent areas (known as urban and rural fringes) that have a high degree of social and economic integration with the urban core. ... A Census Agglomeration, or CA is a Canadian census geographic concept used to describe smaller urban areas. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Canada HQ : Canadian Census (814 words)
Database of heads of households in Ontario as they were recorded in the April1871 Federal Census.
Advocates involvement of Canadians in grassroots efforts to protect and improveCanadian sovereignty and democracy in the era of corporate globalization and US...
Canada HQ excludes all liability of any kind (including negligence) in respect of any third party information or other material made available on, or which can be accessed using, this Website.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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