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Encyclopedia > Canadian Red Ensign
The Canadian Red Ensign. This design was used from 1957 until 1965.
The Canadian Red Ensign. This design was used from 1957 until 1965.

The Canadian Red Ensign is the former flag of Canada, though it was never adopted as official by the Parliament of Canada. It is a British Red Ensign design, featuring the Union Flag in the canton, defaced with the shield of the Coat of Arms of Canada. (Note that the term "deface" is used in the vexillological sense, used when an element is added to another flag's design; it has no negative connotation as it might in normal use.) Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Senate Chamber of Parliament Hill in Ottawa. ... The Red Ensign, as currently used by the United Kingdoms Merchant Navy The Red Ensign is a flag that originated in the early 1600s as an ensign flown by the Royal Navy. ... Flag Ratio: 1:2 The Union Flag (also known as the Union Jack and Butchers Apron) is the national flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. ... The canton of a flag is the top inner quarter of a flag. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Coat of Arms of Canada (since 1994) The Royal Coat of Arms of Canada (formally known as The Arms of Her Majesty in Right of Canada) was proclaimed by King George V on November 21, 1921, as the Arms or Ensigns Armorial of the Dominion of Canada. ... Flag of the Fédération internationale des associations vexillologiques. ...

Contents

History

Flag used (1868–1921)
Flag used (1868–1921)
Flag used (1921–1957)

The Red Ensign was used as early as 1868 on an informal basis. From 1892, it was authorized for use on Canadian merchant ships, but it had no official status on land [Canada had no 'official' flag until 1965]. Despite its lack of official status, the Red Ensign began to be widely used on land as well, and flew over the Parliament Buildings until 1904 when it was replaced by the Union Flag. Various versions of the Red Ensign continued to be flown on land and the flag featured prominently in patriotic displays and recruiting efforts during World War I. A Red Ensign was carried by Canadian soldiers during the famous battle of Vimy Ridge. Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada-1868-Red. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada-1868-Red. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Red_Ensign_1921. ... Centre Block, Parliament Hill, Ottawa, Ontario Parliament Hill (French Colline du Parlement), The Hill to locals, is a scenic location on the southern banks of the Ottawa River in downtown Ottawa, Ontario, Canada. ...


The original Canadian Red Ensign had the arms of the four original provinces on its shield. However, in the late 19th and early 20th century, flag manufacturers would often supplement this design with laurel wreaths, and crowns. The design was frequently placed on a white square or circle in the flag's 'fly' (lower right hand corner). There was no 'standard' design for the Red Ensign until the early 1920s. In 1921, the Government of Canada asked King George V to order a new coat of arms for Canada. The Royal College of Heralds thus designed a suitable coat of arms for Canada. The designed shield was displayed on the Red Ensign, thus producing the Canadian Red Ensign. In 1922, the shield of the Coat of Arms of Canada replaced the provincial arms. In 1924, the Red Ensign was approved for use on Canadian government buildings outside Canada. The Canadian Red Ensign, through history, tradition and custom was finally formalized on September 5, 1945, when the Canadian Governor General signed an Order-in-Council (P.C. 5888) which stated that "The Red Ensign with the Shield of the Coat of arms in the fly (to be referred to as "The Canadian Red Ensign") may be flown from buildings owned or occupied by the Canadian federal Government within or without Canada shall be appropriate to fly as a distinctive Canadian flag. So in 1945, the flag was officially approved for use by government buildings inside Canada as well, and once again flew over Parliament. George V (George Frederick Ernest Albert; 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936) was the first British monarch belonging to the House of Windsor, which he created from the British branch of the German House of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha. ... Coat of Arms of Canada (since 1994) The Royal Coat of Arms of Canada (formally known as The Arms of Her Majesty in Right of Canada) was proclaimed by King George V on November 21, 1921, as the Arms or Ensigns Armorial of the Dominion of Canada. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar). ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Governor General of Canada (French: Gouverneure générale du Canada or Gouverneur général du Canada) is the vice-regal representative in Canada of the Canadian Monarch, who is the Head of State; Canada is one of...


The Red Ensign served until 1965 when it was replaced by today's Maple Leaf Flag. The flag bore various forms of the shield from the Canadian coat of arms in its fly during the period of its use. The picture (top) shows the official form between 1957 and 1965. From 1921 until 1957, the Canadian Red Ensign was virtually the same, except that the leaves in the coat of arms were green, and there was a slight alteration to the Irish harp (the earlier version having a woman's bust as part of the harp). A blue ensign, also bearing the shield of the Canadian coat of arms, was the jack flown by the Royal Canadian Navy and the ensign of ships owned by the Canadian government until 1965. From 1865 until Canadian Confederation in 1867, the United Province of Canada could also have used a blue ensign, but there is little evidence such a flag was ever used. In O.R. Jacobi's painting of the new Parliament Buildings in 1866, a Red Ensign flies from the tower of the East Block. The National Flag of Canada, popularly known as the Maple Leaf and lUnifolié (French for the one-leaved), is a base red flag with a white square in its centre featuring a stylized, 11-pointed, red maple leaf. ... The modern Blue Ensign of the United Kingdom The British Blue Ensign (1707–1801) English Blue Ensign as it appeared in the seventeenth century. ... A Maritime flag or Naval Jack is a national flag used exclusively on boats and other watercraft. ... For history after 1968, see Canadian Forces Maritime Command The Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) was the navy of Canada from 1911 until 1968 when the three Canadian armed services were unified to form the Canadian Forces. ... A Maritime flag or Naval Jack is a national flag used exclusively on boats and other watercraft. ... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ... Note: for information about Canadas present-day provinces, see Provinces of Canada. ...


Others

The Flag of Ontario uses a Red Ensign design
The Flag of Ontario uses a Red Ensign design

Today, two Canadian provincial flags are Red Ensigns, the flag of Ontario and the flag of Manitoba, both of which were introduced when the Canadian Red Ensign was replaced by the Maple Leaf Flag. The Liberal government of Lester Pearson promised to introduce a new flag to replace the Red Ensign, as a means of promoting national unity and Canadian identity, by replacing what was seen as a symbol of the British Empire and colonialism, with one that would be more inclusive of Canadians who are not of British stock, particularly French-Canadians. In 1965, after the Great Flag Debate in Parliament and throughout the country as a whole, the Maple Leaf flag was adopted. Groups such as the Royal Canadian Legion and others who had sympathies with maintaining Canada's links to Britain opposed the new flag as they saw it as a means of loosening that connection. The leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada, John Diefenbaker, was especially passionate in his defence of the Red Ensign. In protest of the federal government's decision, Progressive Conservative Party governments in Manitoba and Ontario adopted red ensigns as their provincial flags. Image File history File links Flag_of_Ontario. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Ontario. ... Ontarios official flag since 1965 The current Flag of Ontario was proclaimed the official flag of the Canadian province of Ontario by the Flag Act on May 21, 1965. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Manitoba. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Manitoba. ... Manitobas official flag since 1965 The Flag of Manitoba is a variation of the Red Ensign which bears the shield of the provincial coat of arms. ... Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... Ontarios official flag since 1965 The current Flag of Ontario was proclaimed the official flag of the Canadian province of Ontario by the Flag Act on May 21, 1965. ... Manitobas official flag since 1965 The Flag of Manitoba is a variation of the Red Ensign which bears the shield of the provincial coat of arms. ... The National Flag of Canada, popularly known as the Maple Leaf and lUnifolié (French for the one-leaved), is a base red flag with a white square in its centre featuring a stylized, 11-pointed, red maple leaf. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: ), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party. ... The Right Honourable Lester Bowles Mike Pearson (April 23, 1897 - December 27, 1972) was the fourteenth Prime Minister of Canada from April 22, 1963, to April 20, 1968, and also a 1957 Nobel Laureate. ... The British Empire in 1897, marked in pink, the traditional colour for Imperial British dominions on maps. ... It has been suggested that Benign colonialism be merged into this article or section. ... “Canadiens” redirects here. ... 1957 version of the Canadian Red Ensign that had evolved as the de facto national flag until 1965. ... The Royal Canadian Legion is a non-profit Canadian ex-service organisation (veterans organization) founded in 1925 with more than 400,000 members worldwide. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... John George Diefenbaker, CH, PC, QC, BA, MA, LL.B, LL.D, DCL, FRSC, FRSA, D.Litt, DSL, (18 September 1895 – 16 August 1979) was the 13th Prime Minister of Canada (1957 – 1963). ... The Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (PC) was a Canadian conservative political party that existed from 1867 to 2003. ...


Use today

The Canadian Red Ensign continues to be flown by some Canadians, especially monarchists, other traditionalists, and those who cherish Canada's British heritage. The Canadian Red Ensign is still flown (together with the Maple Leaf) in some Royal Canadian Legion halls, as well as by many individual Canadians, especially in parts of the country populated by the descendants of United Empire Loyalists. Most people who fly the Canadian Red Ensign today, however, also accept the Maple Leaf flag, and neither the Royal Canadian Legion, nor any other traditionalist groups advocate the return of the ensign as Canada's national flag. Monarchism is the advocacy of the establishment, preservation, or restoration of a monarchy as a form of government in a nation. ... United Empire Loyalists is the name given to individuals who are descendants of British North American loyalists who, during the American War of Independence, left the 13 rebellious American colonies for the future Canada: the two British colonies of Quebec (including the Eastern Townships and modern-day Ontario) and Nova...


A Red Ensign (currently the 1868 version donated by the Royal Canadian Legion) will now be permanently flown alongside the Maple Leaf Flag at the Vimy Ridge Memorial following its rededication in April 2007. Prime Minister Stephen Harper made the decision after lobbying by veterans groups and then-Parliamentary Secretary Jason Kenney. Supporters of the decision noted that the Red Ensign was the flag under which the Canadian Army fought and that numerous other Canadian war memorials and historical sites fly relevant historical flags. Critics, including Liberal Party of Canada members of the Canadian Senate Marcel Prud'homme and Romeo Dallaire, attacked the move, saying the old flag belongs in a museum, not on a flagpole. "What's happening at Vimy is a dangerous precedent because it could lead to the officialization of all sorts of flags," Prud'homme said.[1] The dispute clearly shows that the Canadian Red Ensign still remains a politically charged symbol. The Royal Canadian Legion is a non-profit Canadian ex-service organisation (veterans organization) founded in 1925 with more than 400,000 members worldwide. ... The Battle of Vimy Ridge was one of the opening battles in a larger British campaign known as the Battle of Arras. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Prime Minister of Canada (French: Premier ministre du Canada), is the Minister of the Crown who is head of the Government of Canada. ... Stephen Joseph Harper (born April 30, 1959) is the 22nd and current Prime Minister of Canada and leader of the Conservative Party of Canada. ... In the parliamentary systems of several Commonwealth countries, such as Canada and Australia, it is customary for the prime minister to appoint parliamentary secretaries (in the Legislative Assembly of Ontario, parliamentary assistants) from their caucus to assist cabinet ministers with their work. ... Jason Kenney (born May 30, 1968 in Oakville, Ontario) is a Canadian politician. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: ), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party. ... The Senate of Canada (French: Le Sénat du Canada) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the House of Commons. ... The Honourable Senator Marcel Prudhomme, PC , LL.B , BA (born November 30, 1934) is a member of the Canadian Senate and was a long time MP in the Canadian House of Commons. ... Romeo Dallaire Roméo A. Dallaire (born June 25, 1946 in Denekamp, The Netherlands) is a Canadian general, humanitarian, and author. ...


In recent years, far-right groups in Canada affiliated with Paul Fromm, have attempted to appropriate the Canadian Red Ensign as a symbol of their movement to emphasize what they assert is their adherence to traditional Canadian values. Fromm's groups, as well as other caucasian rights groups such as the Canadian Heritage Alliance, advocate the re-adoption of the ensign as Canada's national flag. Far right, extreme right, ultra-right, or radical right are terms used to discuss the qualitative or relative position a group or person occupies within a political spectrum. ... Frederick Paul Fromm (born January 3, 1949), known as Paul Fromm, is a Canadian far-right political figure. ... The Canadian Heritage Alliance is a Canadian white supremacist organization that was founded in 2000 in Kitchener, Ontario and is now based in London, Ontario. ...


In professional wrestling, the NWA World Heavyweight Championship belt uses the Red Ensign to represent Canada, although the current design was issued in 1972, long after the Maple Leaf became official. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The National Wrestling Alliance (NWA) World Heavyweight Championship is the primary professional wrestling title in the NWA. Its lineage has been traced from the first World Heavyweight Championship, which traces its lineage to George Hackenschmidts 1905 title and Frank Gotchs 1908 version. ...


Canadian blue ensign

Blue Ensign worn as a jack by the Royal Canadian Navy from 1957–1965
Blue Ensign worn as a jack by the Royal Canadian Navy from 1957–1965
Blue Ensign worn as a jack by the Royal Canadian Navy from 1921–1957
Blue Ensign worn as a jack by the Royal Canadian Navy from 1921–1957

The Canadian blue ensign is similar to the red ensign. The flag was formerly used as the jack of the Royal Canadian Navy from its inception until the adoption of the Maple Leaf flag in 1965. The blue ensign was approved by the British Admiralty in 1868 for use by ships owned by the Canadian government. Image File history File links Canadian_Blue_Ensign. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Blue_Ensign. ... A Maritime flag or Naval Jack is a national flag used exclusively on boats and other watercraft. ... For history after 1968, see Canadian Forces Maritime Command The Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) was the navy of Canada from 1911 until 1968 when the three Canadian armed services were unified to form the Canadian Forces. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Blue_Ensign_1921. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Blue_Ensign_1921. ... The modern Blue Ensign of the United Kingdom The British Blue Ensign (1707–1801) English Blue Ensign as it appeared in the seventeenth century. ... A Maritime flag or Naval Jack is a national flag used exclusively on boats and other watercraft. ... For history after 1968, see Canadian Forces Maritime Command The Royal Canadian Navy (RCN) was the navy of Canada from 1911 until 1968 when the three Canadian armed services were unified to form the Canadian Forces. ... The National Flag of Canada, popularly known as the Maple Leaf and lUnifolié (French for the one-leaved), is a base red flag with a white square in its centre featuring a stylized, 11-pointed, red maple leaf. ... Flag of the Lord High Admiral The Admiralty was formerly the authority in the United Kingdom responsible for the command of the Royal Navy. ...


In the first half of the 20th century, Blue Ensigns for each province of Canada often appeared in charts of "all the world's flags", but these flags were just fantasies of the artists who drew the charts, and then copied by other artists putting together similar charts. They never existed in real life.


Trivia

During the 1990s an urban myth was developed by a circulation of e-mails reporting that the American flag was printed on the two dollar bill. The myth stated that the American flag could be seen flown on the Peace Tower depicted behind Queen Elizabeth II on the bank note. This flag is in fact the modern Maple Leaf flag. However, on the contemporaneous $10 and $50 bills, the Canadian Red Ensign is shown, but in such a small size that it was confusable with the U.S. flag.[2] Urban Legend is also the name of a 1998 movie. ... Union Jack. ... Among Canadian currency, only five different banknotes are currently printed. ... The Peace Tower in view on Parliament Hill The Peace Tower at night For other uses, see Peace Tower (disambiguation). ... The composition of the disambiguation links at the head of this article and the other Wikipedia articles on the monarchies of the Commonwealth Realms is under discussion at Talk:Commonwealth Realm monarchies (disambiguation). ... Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, holding each crown and title equally. ...


See also

The White Ensign. ...

References

  1. ^ La Presse, July 6, 2007
  2. ^ Mikkelson, David P. (2007-02-20). Red Ensign Scare. Urban Legends Reference Pages. Retrieved on 2007-08-31.

La Presse, founded in 1884, is a large-circulation French-language daily newspaper published in Montreal, Quebec. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 51st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Urban Legends Reference Pages (also known as snopes. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 243rd day of the year (244th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links


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