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Encyclopedia > Canadian Pacific Railway
Canadian Pacific Railway

Canadian Pacific system map as of 2004 (does not include DM&E and IC&E trackage).
Reporting marks CP, CPAA, CPI
Locale Canada with branches to U.S. cities Chicago, Minneapolis and New York City
Dates of operation 1881–present
Track gauge 1435 mm (4 ft 8½ in) (standard gauge)
Headquarters Calgary, Alberta
An eastbound CPR freight at Stoney Creek Bridge in Rogers Pass. Photo by David R. Spencer.

The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR; AAR reporting marks CP, CPAA, CPI), known as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, is a Canadian Class I railway operated by Canadian Pacific Railway Limited. Its rail network stretches from Vancouver to Montreal, and also serves major cities in the United States such as Minneapolis, Chicago, and New York City. Its headquarters are in Calgary, Alberta. Network map of the Canadian Pacific Railway Created by User:Al guy on December 9, 2004 and released under the GFDL. Map drawn in GIMP. Underlying data is public domain courtesy of United States Bureau of Transportation Statistics [1]. Mainline railway location based primarily from Canadian Pacific Railway 2004 Corporate... The Dakota, Minnesota and Eastern Railroad (DM&E, AAR reporting mark DME) is a Class 2 railroad operating across South Dakota and southern Minnesota in the northern plains of the United States. ... An eastbound IC&E train passing Fairdale, Illinois, on May 29, 2005. ... Reporting marks on two CP Rail covered hoppers passing Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin, June 20, 2004. ... For other uses of terms redirecting here, see US (disambiguation), USA (disambiguation), and United States (disambiguation) Motto In God We Trust(since 1956) (From Many, One; Latin, traditional) Anthem The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City National language English (de facto)1 Demonym American... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... This article is about the city in Minnesota. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... The dominant rail gauge in each country shown Rail gauge is the distance between the inner sides of the two parallel rails that make up a railway track. ... A millimetre (American spelling: millimeter, symbol mm) is an SI unit of length that is equal to one thousandth of a metre. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... An inch (plural: inches; symbol or abbreviation: in or, sometimes, ″ - a double prime) is the name of a unit of length in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... As railways developed and expanded one of the key issues to be decided was that of the rail gauge (the distance between the two rails of the track) which should be used. ... This article is about the Canadian city. ... For other uses, see Alberta (disambiguation). ... Download high resolution version (513x768, 421 KB) A Canadian Pacific Railway freight eastbound over the Stoney Creek Bridge. ... Download high resolution version (513x768, 421 KB) A Canadian Pacific Railway freight eastbound over the Stoney Creek Bridge. ... Rogers Pass (el. ... A World War II era print advertisement for the Association of American Railroads (AAR). ... Reporting marks on two CP Rail covered hoppers passing Wisconsin Dells, Wisconsin, June 20, 2004. ... A Class I railroad in the United States, or a Class I railway (also Class I rail carrier) in Canada, is one of the largest freight railroads, as classified based on operating revenue. ... Canadian Pacific Railway Limited (NYSE/TSX:CP) is a Canadian rail transportation company that operates the Canadian Pacific Railway. ... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Motto: Concordia Salus (well-being through harmony) Coordinates: , Country Province Region Montréal Founded 1642 Established 1832 Government  - Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area [1][2][3]  - City 365. ... Minneapolis redirects here. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article is about the Canadian city. ... For other uses, see Alberta (disambiguation). ...


The railway was originally built between eastern Canada and British Columbia between 1881 and 1885 (connecting with Ottawa Valley and Georgian Bay area lines built earlier), fulfilling a promise extended to British Columbia when it entered Confederation in 1871. It was Canada's first transcontinental railway. Now primarily a freight railway, the CPR was for decades the only practical means of long distance passenger transport in most regions of Canada, and was instrumental in the settlement and development of Western Canada. The CP company became one of the largest and most powerful in Canada, a position it held as late as 1975.[1] Its primary passenger services were eliminated in 1986 after being assumed by VIA Rail Canada in 1978. A beaver was chosen as the railway's logo because it is one of the national symbols of Canada and represents the hardworking character of the company. The object of both praise and damnation for over 120 years, the CPR remains an indisputable icon of Canadian nationalism. Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... The Ottawa Valley is the valley surrounding the Ottawa River for the west-east portion of its path through the Canadian Shield from Mattawa to Ottawa. ... Georgian Bay (French: baie Georgienne) is a large bay of Lake Huron, located in Ontario, Canada. ... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ... A Transcontinental Railroad is a railway that crosses a continent typically from sea to sea. Terminals are at or connected to different oceans. ... Freight is a term used to classify the transportation of cargo and is typically a commercial process. ... This article is about trains in rail transport. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Colonialism. ... Economic development is the development of economic wealth of countries or regions for the well-being of their inhabitants. ... This article is about the region in Canada. ... VIA Rails trains travelling by Highway 401 near Brockville, Ontario. ... For other uses, see Beaver (disambiguation). ... Eugène Delacroixs Liberty Leading the People, symbolizing French nationalism during the July Revolution 1830. ...

Contents

History

Before the Canadian Pacific Railway, 1871–1881

Canada's very existence depended on the successful completion of the major civil engineering project, the creation of a transcontinental railway. Creation of the Canadian Pacific Railway was a task originally undertaken for a combination of reasons by the Conservative government of Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald. British Columbia had insisted upon a national railway as a condition for joining the Confederation of Canada. The government thus agreed to build a railway linking the Pacific province to the eastern provinces within ten years of July 20, 1871. Macdonald also saw it as essential to the creation of a unified Canadian nation that would stretch across the continent. Moreover, manufacturing interests in Quebec and Ontario desired access to sources of raw materials and markets in Canada's west. The Conservative Party of Canada has gone by a variety of names over the years since Canadian Confederation. ... Regions Political culture Foreign relations Other countries Atlas  Politics Portal      The Prime Minister of Canada (French: Premier ministre du Canada), is the Minister of the Crown who is head of the Government of Canada. ... For other persons named John Alexander Macdonald, see John Alexander Macdonald (disambiguation). ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ... Pacific redirects here. ... Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories. ... is the 201st day of the year (202nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1871 (MDCCCLXXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... Manufacturing (from Latin manu factura, making by hand) is the use of tools and labor to make things for use or sale. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... A Raw material is something that is acted upon by human labour or industry to create some product that humans desire. ... Look up Market in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... This article is about the region in Canada. ...

The first obstacle to its construction was economic. The logical route went through the American Midwest and the city of Chicago, Illinois. In addition to the obvious difficulty of building a railroad through the Canadian Rockies, an entirely Canadian route would require crossing 1,600 km (1,000 miles) of rugged terrain of the barren Canadian Shield and muskeg of Northern Ontario. To ensure this routing, the government offered huge incentives including vast grants of land in Western Canada. Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The Right Honourable Sir John Alexander Macdonald, GCB, QC (January 11, 1815 - June 6, 1891) was the first Prime Minister of Canada from July 1, 1867 - November 5, 1873 - and - October 17, 1878 - June 6, 1891. ... The Midwest is a common name for a region of the United States of America. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... The Canadian Rockies comprise the Canadian segment of the North American Rocky Mountains range. ... “km” redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... Canadian Shield Canadian Shield Landform. ... Muskeg is a soil type (also a peatland or wetland type called a bog) common in arctic and boreal areas. ... Northern Ontario is the part of the province of Ontario, Canada, which lies north of Lake Huron, Georgian Bay, the French River and Lake Nipissing. ...


In 1872, Sir John A. Macdonald and other high-ranking politicians, swayed by bribes in the so-called Pacific Scandal, granted federal contracts to Hugh Allan's "Canada Pacific Railway Company" (which was unrelated to the current company) and to the Inter-Ocean Railway Company. Because of this scandal, the Conservative party was removed from office in 1873. The new Liberal prime minister, Alexander Mackenzie, began construction of segments of the railway as a public enterprise under the supervision of the Department of Public Works. The Thunder Bay branch linking Lake Superior to Winnipeg was commenced in 1875. Progress was discouragingly slow because of the lack of public money. With Sir John A. Macdonald's return to power on October 16, 1878, a more aggressive construction policy was adopted. Macdonald confirmed that Port Moody would be the terminus of the transcontinental railway, and announced that the railway would follow the Fraser and Thompson rivers between Port Moody and Kamloops. In 1879, the federal government floated bonds in London and called for tenders to construct the 206 km (128 mile) section of the railway from Yale, British Columbia to Savona's Ferry on Kamloops Lake. The contract was awarded to Andrew Onderdonk, whose men started work on May 15, 1880. After the completion of that section, Onderdonk received contracts to build between Yale and Port Moody, and between Savona's Ferry and Eagle Pass. The Pacific scandal involves the allegations of bribes being taken by Canadas Conservative government of Sir John A. Macdonald. ... Sir Hugh Allan Sir Hugh Allan (September 29, 1810 – December 9, 1882) was a Scottish-born Canadian financier and shipowner. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: ), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party. ... For other persons named Alexander Mackenzie, see Alexander Mackenzie (disambiguation). ... Thunder Bay District is a district and census division in Northwestern Ontario in the Canadian province of Ontario. ... For the the Quebec municipality, see Lac-Supérieur. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Location City Information Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge), 1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ... is the 289th day of the year (290th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Port Moody, British Columbia is a small city forming a crescent at the east end of Burrard Inlet in British Columbia, Canada, and part of the Greater Vancouver Regional District. ... For other uses of this name see Fraser River (disambiguation). ... The Thompson River is a major tributary of the Fraser River in the south-central portion of British Columbia, Canada. ... “Kamloops” redirects here. ... Front Street, Yale, British Columbia circa 1882 during the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway. ... Savona, British Columbia, circa 1885. ... Kamloops Lake is situated on the Thompson River just west of Kamloops. ... Andrew Onderdonk circa 1880 Andrew Onderdonk (30 August 1848 – 21 June 1905) was a construction contractor who worked on several major projects including the San Francisco seawall in California and the Canadian Pacific Railway in British Columbia. ... is the 135th day of the year (136th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... For the city by the same name in Texas, see Eagle Pass, Texas Eagle Pass is a 550 m (1,804 ft) mountain pass through the Gold Range of the Monashee Mountains in British Columbia, Canada. ...


On October 21, 1880, a new syndicate, unrelated to Hugh Allan's, signed a contract with the Macdonald government. They agreed to build the railway in exchange for $25,000,000 (approximately $625,000,000 in modern Canadian dollars) in credit from the Canadian government and a grant of 25,000,000 acres (100,000 km²) of land. The government transferred to the new company those sections of the railway it had constructed under government ownership. The government also defrayed surveying costs and exempted the railway from property taxes for 20 years. The Montreal-based syndicate officially comprised five men: George Stephen, James J. Hill, Duncan McIntyre, Richard B. Angus, and John Stewart Kennedy. Donald A. Smith and Norman Kittson were unofficial silent partners with a significant financial interest. On February 15, 1881, legislation confirming the contract received royal assent, and the Canadian Pacific Railway Company was formally incorporated the next day. is the 294th day of the year (295th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1880 (MDCCCLXXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... C$ redirects here. ... George Stephen, 1st Baron Mount Stephen (June 5, 1829 – November 29, 1921) was a Scots-Quebecker banker and railway executive in Canada. ... James J. Hill at about age 35, ca. ... Duncan McIntyre ( 23 December 1834 – 13 June 1894) was a Scots-Quebecer businessman noted for his participation in the Canadian Pacific Railway syndicate of 1880 and as a founder of the Bell Telephone Company of Canada. ... Richard B. Angus, circa 1891 Richard Bladworth Angus (28 May 1831 – 17 September 1922) was a Scottish – born Canadian financier, banker and philanthropist. ... John Stewart Kennedy (1830 – 1909) was an American capitalist and philanthropist. ... Donald Alexander Smith (August 6, 1820-January 21, 1914) was a Scotch-Québécois fur trader, financier, railroad baron and politician in Canada. ... Norman Wolfred Kittson ( 5 March 1814 – 10 May 1888) was variously a fur trader, steamboat-line operator, and railway entrepreneur. ... is the 46th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... // The granting of Royal Assent is the formal method by which a constitutional monarch completes the legislative process of lawmaking by formally assenting to an Act of Parliament. ... Canadian Pacific Limited was created in 1971 to own properties formerly owned by Canadian Pacific Railway, a transportation and mining giant in Canada. ... Incorporation (abbreviated Inc. ...


Building the railway, 1881–1885

It was assumed that the railway would travel through the rich "Fertile Belt" of the North Saskatchewan River valley and cross the Rocky Mountains via the Yellowhead Pass, a route advocated by Sir Sandford Fleming based on a decade of work. However, the CPR quickly discarded this plan in favour of a more southerly route across the arid Palliser's Triangle in Saskatchewan and through Kicking Horse Pass over the Field Hill. This route was more direct and closer to the American border, making it easier for the CPR to keep American railways from encroaching on the Canadian market. However, this route also had several disadvantages. The North Saskatchewan River is a glacier-fed river flowing east from the Canadian Rockies to Lake Winnipeg. ... For individual mountains named Rocky Mountain, see Rocky Mountain (disambiguation). ... Canadian National Railways GP9 climbing in the Yellowhead Pass The Yellowhead Pass (elevation 1110 m, lat. ... Sir Sandford Fleming Sir Sandford Fleming (January 7, 1827 - July 22, 1915) was a prolific Canadian engineer and inventor, known for the introduction of Universal Standard Time, Canadas first postage stamp, a huge body of surveying and map making, engineering much of the Intercolonial Railway and the Canadian Pacific... Pallisers Triangle is a geographic area mostly in southern Alberta and Saskatchewan. ... For other uses, see Saskatchewan (disambiguation). ... Kicking Horse Pass is a mountain pass across the Continental Divide of the Canadian Rockies on the Alberta/British Columbia border, and lying within Yoho and Banff National Parks. ... Field was created solely to accommodate the Canadian Pacific Railways need for additional locomotives to be added to trains about to tackle the Big Hill. ...


One consequence was that the CPR would need to find a route through the Selkirk Mountains, as at the time it was not known whether a route even existed. The job of finding a pass was assigned to a surveyor named Major Albert Bowman Rogers. The CPR promised him a cheque for $5,000 and that the pass would be named in his honour. Rogers became obsessed with finding the pass that would immortalize his name. He found the pass on May 29, 1881, and true to its word, the CPR named the pass "Rogers Pass" and gave him the cheque. This however, he at first refused to cash, preferring to frame it, and saying he did not do it for the money. He later agreed to cash it with the promise of an engraved watch. The Selkirk Mountains are a mountain range originating in Idaho and Washington, and extending into SE British Columbia. ... Surveyor at work with a leveling instrument. ... Major is a military rank the use of which varies according to country. ... Rogers in the 1880s, from the CPR Archive Major Albert Bowman Rogers ( 28 May 1829 - 1889), commonly known as A.B. Rogers, was an American surveyor now best remembered for his discovery of the Rogers Pass in British Columbia, Canada. ... Example of a Canadian cheque. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1881 (MDCCCLXXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Rogers Pass (el. ...


Another obstacle was that the proposed route crossed land controlled by the Blackfoot First Nation. This difficulty was overcome when a missionary priest, Albert Lacombe, persuaded the Blackfoot chief Crowfoot that construction of the railway was inevitable. In return for his assent, Crowfoot was famously rewarded with a lifetime pass to ride the CPR. A more lasting consequence of the choice of route was that, unlike the one proposed by Fleming, the land surrounding the railway often proved too arid for successful agriculture. The CPR may have placed too much reliance on a report from naturalist John Macoun, who had crossed the prairies at a time of very high rainfall and had reported that the area was fertile. For other uses, see Blackfoot (disambiguation). ... First Nations is the current title used by Canada to describe the various societies of the indigenous peoples, called Native Americans in the U.S. They have also been known as Indians, Native Canadians, Aboriginal Americans, Amer-Indians, or Aboriginals, and are officially called Indians in the Indian Act, which... For other uses, see Missionary (disambiguation). ... This article is about religious workers. ... Father Albert Lacombe circa 1913. ... Crowfoot in 1887 Crowfoot (c. ... Table of natural history, 1728 Cyclopaedia Natural history is an umbrella term for what are now often viewed as several distinct scientific disciplines of integrative organismal biology. ... John Macoun John Macoun (17 April 1831 – 18 June 1920) was an Irish-born Canadian naturalist. ... For other uses, see Prairie (disambiguation). ...


The greatest disadvantage of the route was in Kicking Horse Pass. In the first 6 km (3.7 miles) west of the 1,625 metre (5,330 ft) high summit, the Kicking Horse River drops 350 metres (1,150 ft). The steep drop would force the cash-strapped CPR to build a 7 km (4.5 mile) long stretch of track with a very steep 4.5% gradient once it reached the pass in 1884. This was over four times the maximum gradient recommended for railways of this era, and even modern railways rarely exceed a 2% gradient. However, this route was far more direct than one through the Yellowhead Pass, and saved hours for both passengers and freight. This section of track was the CPR's Big Hill. Safety switches were installed at several points, the speed limit for descending trains was set at 10 km per hour (6 mph), and special locomotives were ordered. Despite these measures, several serious runaways still occurred. CPR officials insisted that this was a temporary expediency, but this state of affairs would last for 25 years until the completion of the Spiral Tunnels in the early 20th century. The Kicking Horse River is a river located in the Canadian Rockies of southeastern British Columbia, Canada. ... Canadian National Railways GP9 climbing in the Yellowhead Pass The Yellowhead Pass (elevation 1110 m, lat. ... “Big Hill” on the CPR, 1890. ... Great Western Railway No. ... CPR 5844 emerges from the lower spiral tunnel, passing under its own train, 1986. ...

Sir William Cornelius Van Horne.

In 1881 construction progressed at a pace too slow for the railway's officials, who in 1882 hired the renowned railway executive William Cornelius Van Horne, to oversee construction with the inducement of a generous salary and the intriguing challenge of handling such a difficult railway project. Van Horne stated that he would have 800 km (500 miles) of main line built in 1882. Floods delayed the start of the construction season, but over 672 km (417 miles) of main line, as well as various sidings and branch lines, were built that year. The Thunder Bay branch (west from Fort William) was completed in June 1882 by the Department of Railways and Canals and turned over to the company in May 1883, permitting all-Canadian lake and rail traffic from eastern Canada to Winnipeg for the first time in Canada's history. By the end of 1883, the railway had reached the Rocky Mountains, just eight km (5 miles) east of Kicking Horse Pass. The construction seasons of 1884 and 1885 would be spent in the mountains of British Columbia and on the north shore of Lake Superior. William Cornelius Van Horne, from Archives Canada [1] This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... William Cornelius Van Horne, from Archives Canada [1] This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... William Cornelius Van Horne (February 3, 1843 – September 11, 1915) was a pioneering North American railway executive. ... Flooding near Key West, Florida, United States from Hurricane Wilmas storm surge in October 2005 For other uses, see Flood (disambiguation). ... Fort William was a city in Northern Ontario, located on the Kaministiquia River, at its entrance to Lake Superior. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Location City Information Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge), 1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ... For the the Quebec municipality, see Lac-Supérieur. ...


Many thousands of navvies worked on the railway. Many were European immigrants. In British Columbia, the CPR hired workers from China, nicknamed coolies. A navvy received between $1 and $2.50 per day, but had to pay for his own food, clothing, transportation to the job site, mail, and medical care. After two and a half months of back-breaking labour, they could net as little as $16. Chinese navvies in British Columbia made only between $0.75 and $1.25 a day, not including expenses, leaving barely anything to send home. They did the most dangerous construction jobs, such as working with explosives. The families of the Chinese who were killed received no compensation, or even notification of loss of life. Many of the men who survived did not have enough money to return to their families in China. Many spent years in lonely, sad and often poor condition. Yet the Chinese were hard working and played a key role in building the western stretch of the railway; even some boys as young as 12 years old served as tea-boys. A navvy depicted in Ford Madox Browns painting Work Navvy is a shorter form of navigational engineer (USA) or navigator (UK) and is particularly applied to describe the manual labourers working on major civil engineering projects. ... Coolie refers to unskilled laborers from Asia of the 1800s to early 1900s who were sent to the United States, Australia, New Zealand, North Africa and the West Indies. ... This article is concerned solely with chemical explosives. ...


By 1883, railway construction was progressing rapidly, but the CPR was in danger of running out of funds. In response, on January 31, 1884, the government passed the Railway Relief Bill, providing a further $22,500,000 in loans to the CPR. The bill received royal assent on March 6, 1884. is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 65th day of the year (66th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...

Donald Smith, later known as Lord Strathcona, drives the last spike of the Canadian Pacific Railway, at Craigellachie, 7 November 1885. Completion of the transcontinental railroad was a condition of BC's entry into Confederation.

In March 1885, the North-West Rebellion broke out in the District of Saskatchewan. Van Horne, in Ottawa at the time, suggested to the government that the CPR could transport troops to Qu'Appelle, Assiniboia, in eleven days. Some sections of track were incomplete or had not been used before, but the trip to Winnipeg was made in nine days and the rebellion was quickly put down. Perhaps because the government was grateful for this service, they subsequently re-organized the CPR's debt and provided a further $5,000,000 loan. This money was desperately needed by the CPR. On November 7, 1885 the Last Spike was driven at Craigellachie, British Columbia, making good on the original promise. Four days earlier, the last spike of the Lake Superior section was driven in just west of Jackfish, Ontario. While the railway was completed four years after the original 1881 deadline, it was completed more than five years ahead of the new date of 1891 that Macdonald gave in 1881. Last Spike of the CPR - Craigellachie, British Columbia, Canada Donald Smith driving the last spike of the Canadian Pacific Railway. ... Last Spike of the CPR - Craigellachie, British Columbia, Canada Donald Smith driving the last spike of the Canadian Pacific Railway. ... Baron Strathcona and Mount Royal is a title in the Peerage of the United Kingdom. ... Craigellachie, BC Craigellachie (IPA: , but or can be substituted for ; is another common pronunciation) is a locality in British Columbia, Canada, located several kilometres to the west of the Eagle Pass summit. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A Transcontinental Railroad is a railway that crosses a continent typically from sea to sea. Terminals are at or connected to different oceans. ... We dont have an article called Canadian-confederation Start this article Search for Canadian-confederation in. ... wwwww Combatants Dominion of Canada • Métis Provisional Government •Cree–Assiniboine Natives Commanders Leif Crozier Frederick Middleton William Otter Thomas Bland Strange Sam Steele Big Bear Fine-Day Gabriel Dumont Louis Riel Wandering Spirit The North-West Rebellion (or North-West Resistance or the Saskatchewan Rebellion) of 1885 was a... The District of Saskatchewan was a former regional administrative district of Canadas Northwest Territories. ... This article is about the capital city of Canada. ... QuAppelle, Saskatchewan, is a small locality located on Trans-Canada Highway 1 and the Canadian Pacific Railway mainline, some thirty miles east of Regina, Saskatchewan. ... The District of Assiniboia was a regional administrative district of Canadas Northwest Territories. ... is the 311th day of the year (312th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Canadian Pacific Railway. ... Craigellachie, BC Craigellachie (IPA: , but or can be substituted for ; is another common pronunciation) is a locality in British Columbia, Canada, located several kilometres to the west of the Eagle Pass summit. ... Jackfish is a ghost town in northern Ontario located on the north shore of Lake Superior east of Terrace Bay. ...


The successful construction of such a massive project, although troubled by delays and scandal, was considered an impressive feat of engineering and political will for a country with such a small population, limited capital, and difficult terrain. It was by far the longest railway ever constructed at the time. It had taken 12,000 men, 5,000 horses, and 300 dog-sled teams to build the railway.


Meanwhile, in Eastern Canada, the CPR had created a network of lines reaching from Quebec City to St. Thomas, Ontario by 1885, and had launched a fleet of Great Lakes ships to link its terminals. The CPR had effected purchases and long-term leases of several railways through an associated railway company, the Ontario and Quebec Railway (O&Q). The O&Q built a line between Perth, Ontario, and Toronto (completed on May 5, 1884) to connect these acquisitions. The CPR obtained a 999-year lease on the O&Q on January 4, 1884. Later, in 1895, it acquired a minority interest in the Toronto, Hamilton and Buffalo Railway, giving it a link to New York and the northeast US. Nickname: Motto: Don de Dieu feray valoir (I shall put Gods gift to good use; the Don de Dieu was Champlains ship) Coordinates: , Country Province Agglomeration Quebec City Statute of the city Capitale-Nationale Administrative Region Capitale-Nationale Founded 1608 by Samuel de Champlain Constitution date 1833 Government... St. ... This article is about a property agreement in private law. ... The Ontario and Quebec Railway (O&Q) was a railway that was associated with the Canadian Pacific Railway. ... Perth is a town in eastern Ontario, Canada (pop. ... is the 125th day of the year (126th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 4th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Toronto, Hamilton and Buffalo Railway (TH&B; AAR reporting mark THB) was a railway that ran in Southern Ontario. ...


1886–1900

So many cost-cutting shortcuts were taken in constructing the railway that regular transcontinental service could not start for another seven months while work was done to improve the railway's condition. However, had these shortcuts not been taken, it is conceivable that the CPR might have had to default financially, leaving the railway unfinished. The first transcontinental passenger train departed from Montreal's Dalhousie Station, located at Berri Street and Notre Dame Street on June 28, 1886 at 8:00 p.m. and arrived at Port Moody on July 4, 1886 at noon. This train consisted of two baggage cars, a mail car, one second-class coach, two immigrant sleepers, two first-class coaches, two sleeping cars, and a diner. is the 179th day of the year (180th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Port Moody, British Columbia is a small city forming a crescent at the east end of Burrard Inlet in British Columbia, and part of the Greater Vancouver Regional District. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1886 (MDCCCLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...

First Transcontinental Train arrives in Port Moody.

By that time, however, the CPR had decided to move its western terminus from Port Moody to Gastown that was renamed "Vancouver" later that year. The first official train destined for Vancouver arrived on May 23, 1887, although the line had already been in use for three months. The CPR quickly became profitable, and all loans from the Federal government were repaid years ahead of time. Image File history File links CPPacific. ... Image File history File links CPPacific. ... Port Moody, British Columbia is a small city forming a crescent at the east end of Burrard Inlet in British Columbia, and part of the Greater Vancouver Regional District. ... Map of Gastown Statue of Gassy Jack, Gastown. ... is the 143rd day of the year (144th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


In 1888, a branch line was opened between Sudbury and Sault Ste. Marie where the CPR connected with the American railway system and its own steamships. That same year, work was started on a line from London, Ontario to the American border at Windsor, Ontario. That line opened on June 12, 1890. Nickname: Motto: Aedificemus (Latin for Come, let us build together) Coordinates: , Country Province Established 1893 (as Sudbury)   2001 (as Greater Sudbury) Government  - Mayor John Rodriguez  - Governing Body Greater Sudbury City Council  - MPs Raymond Bonin (LPC), Diane Marleau (LPC)  - MPPs Rick Bartolucci (OLP), Shelley Martel (NDP) Area  - City 3,200 km... Nickname: Motto: Naturally Gifted Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario District Algoma District Incorporated 1887 (town), 1912 (city) Government  - City Mayor John Rowswell  - Governing body The Corporation of the City of Sault Sainte Marie  - MPs Tony Martin  - MPPs David Orazietti Area  - City  276 sq mi (715 km²) Elevation  630 ft (192... Paddle steamers - Lucerne-Switzerland Left: original paddlewheel from a paddle steamer on the lake of Lucerne. ... For other places with the same name, see London (disambiguation). ... Nickname: Motto: The river and the land sustain us. ... is the 163rd day of the year (164th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1890 (MDCCCXC) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar). ...


The CPR also leased the New Brunswick Railway for 999 years and built the International Railway of Maine, connecting Montreal with Saint John, New Brunswick in 1889. The connection with Saint John on the Atlantic coast made the CPR the first truly transcontinental railway company and permitted trans-Atlantic cargo and passenger services to continue year-round when sea ice in the Gulf of St. Lawrence closed the port of Montreal during the winter months. The New Brunswick Railway (NBR) was a historic Canadian railway operating throughout the western half of the province of New Brunswick. ... The International Railway of Maine was a historic railroad operating between Megantic, Quebec and Mattawamkeag, Maine. ... Nickname: Motto: O Fortunati Quorum Jam Moenia Surgunt (Latin for, O Fortunate Ones Whose Walls Are Now Rising. ... An icebreaker navigates through young (1 year old) sea ice Nilas Sea Ice in arctic Sea ice is formed from ocean water that freezes. ... The Gulf of Saint Lawrence, the worlds largest estuary, is the outlet of North Americas Great Lakes via the Saint Lawrence River into the Atlantic Ocean. ...


By 1896, competition with the Great Northern Railway for traffic in southern British Columbia forced the CPR to construct a second line across the province, south of the original line. Van Horne, now president of the CPR, asked for government aid, and the government agreed to provide around $3.6 million to construct a railway from Lethbridge, Alberta through Crowsnest Pass to the south shore of Kootenay Lake, in exchange for the CPR agreeing to reduce freight rates in perpetuity for key commodities shipped in Western Canada. The controversial Crowsnest Pass Agreement effectively locked the eastbound rate on grain products and westbound rates on certain "settlers' effects" at the 1897 level. Although temporarily suspended during World War I, it was not until 1983 that the "Crow Rate" was permanently replaced by the Western Grain Transportation Act which allowed for the gradual increase of grain shipping prices. The Crowsnest Pass line opened on June 18, 1899. A Great Northern train pauses for the photographer four miles west of Minot, North Dakota in 1914. ... For other uses, see President (disambiguation). ... Lethbridge is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada. ... For other uses, see Alberta (disambiguation). ... For the Municipality of Crowsnest Pass, please see Crowsnest Pass, Alberta Crowsnest Pass (sometimes referred to as Crows Nest Pass) (el. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Grain redirects here. ... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The Crow Rate or Crows Nest Freight Rate was a subsidy offered to the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) by the Canadian government. ... is the 169th day of the year (170th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1899 (MDCCCXCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Friday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


The CPR and the colonization of Canada

One of the CPR's land offerings.

Practically speaking, the CPR had built a railway that operated mostly in the wilderness. The usefulness of the Prairies was questionable in the minds of many. The thinking prevailed that the Prairies had great potential. Under the initial contract with the Canadian Government to build the railway, the CPR was granted 25,000,000 acres (100,000 km²). Proving already to be a very resourceful organization, Canadian Pacific began an intense campaign to bring immigrants to Canada. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (600x674, 154 KB) Summary Land was offered to Colonists by the Canadian Pacific Railway Licensing This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (600x674, 154 KB) Summary Land was offered to Colonists by the Canadian Pacific Railway Licensing This image is in the public domain because its copyright has expired in the United States and those countries with a copyright term of life of...


CP agents operated in many overseas locations. Immigrants were often sold a package that included passage on a CP ship, travel on a CP train, and land that was purchased from the CP railway. Land was sold at $2.50 an acre and up. Immigrants paid very little for a seven day journey to the West. They rode in Colonist cars that had sleeping facilities and a small kitchen at one end of the car. Children were not allowed off the train as they often would wander off and be left behind. The owners of the CPR knew that not only were they creating a nation, but also a source of economy for their company.


1901–1928

During the first decade of the twentieth century, the CPR continued to build more lines. In 1908 the CPR opened a line connecting Toronto with Sudbury. Previously, westbound traffic originating in southern Ontario took a circuitous route through eastern Ontario. Greater Sudbury (2001 census population 155,219) is a city in Northern Ontario. ... Southern Ontario is the portion of the Canadian province of Ontario lying south of the French River and Algonquin Park. ... Eastern Ontario is the region of the Canadian province of Ontario which lies in a wedge-shaped area between the Ottawa and St. ...


Several operational improvements were also made to the railway in western Canada. In 1909 the CPR completed two significant engineering accomplishments. The most significant was the replacement of the Big Hill, which had become a major bottleneck in the CPR's main line, with the Spiral Tunnels, reducing the grade to 2.2% from 4.5%. The Spiral Tunnels opened in August. On November 3, 1909, the Lethbridge Viaduct over the Oldman River valley at Lethbridge, Alberta was opened. It is 1,624 metres (5,327 ft) long and, at its maximum, 96 metres (314 ft) high, making it the longest railway bridge in Canada. In 1916 the CPR replaced its line through Rogers Pass, which was prone to avalanches, with the Connaught Tunnel, an eight km (5 mile) long tunnel under Mount Macdonald that was, at the time of its opening, the longest railway tunnel in the Western Hemisphere. This article is about the region in Canada. ... Engineering is the discipline and profession of applying scientific knowledge and utilizing natural laws and physical resources in order to design and implement materials, structures, machines, devices, systems, and processes that realize a desired objective and meet specified criteria. ... CPR 5844 emerges from the lower spiral tunnel, passing under its own train, 1986. ... is the 307th day of the year (308th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1909 (MCMIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Lethbridge Viaduct - A. Rafton / National Archives of Canada / PA-029691 The Lethbridge Viaduct better known as the High Level Bridge was constructed between 1907–1909 at Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada at a cost of $1,334,525. ... Oldman River in Southern Alberta. ... Lethbridge is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada. ... Rogers Pass (el. ... The toe of an avalanche in Alaskas Kenai Fjords. ... Connaught Tunnel, in the Selkirk Mountains under Rogers Pass on the Canadian Pacific Railway main line between Calgary, Alberta, and Revelstoke, British Columbia, at 5. ... Mount Macdonald (summit 2883 m, location N 51°18. ... The geographical western hemisphere of Earth, highlighted in yellow. ...


The CPR acquired several smaller railways via long-term leases in 1912. On January 3, 1912, the CPR acquired the Dominion Atlantic Railway, a railway that ran in western Nova Scotia. This acquisition gave the CPR a connection to Halifax, a significant port on the Atlantic Ocean. The Dominion Atlantic was isolated from the rest of the CPR network and used the CNR to facilitate interchange; the DAR also operated ferry services across the Bay of Fundy for passengers and cargo (but not rail cars) from the port of Digby, Nova Scotia to the CPR at Saint John, New Brunswick. DAR steamships also provided connections for passengers and cargo between Yarmouth, Boston and New York. is the 3rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The Dominion Atlantic Railway (DAR) was a historic Canadian railway which ran in the northwestern part of Nova Scotia, primarily through an agricultural district known as the Annapolis Valley. ... Motto: Munit Haec et Altera Vincit (Latin: One defends and the other conquers) Capital Halifax Largest city Halifax Regional Municipality Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Mayann E. Francis Premier Rodney MacDonald (PC) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 11 Senate seats 10 Confederation July 1, 1867... Motto: {{Unhide = {{{}}}}} E Mari Merces (Wealth from the Sea) Logo: Location City Information Established: April 1, 1996 Area: urban area 79. ... The Bay of Fundy (French: ) is a bay located on the Atlantic coast of North America, on the northeast end of the Gulf of Maine between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, with a small portion touching the U.S. state of Maine. ... Digby, Nova Scotia in 1906 Digby, Nova Scotia in 2005 For other meanings of Digby, see Digby Digby is a town in western Nova Scotia which lies on the Annapolis Basin of the Bay of Fundy. ... Nickname: Motto: O Fortunati Quorum Jam Moenia Surgunt (Latin for, O Fortunate Ones Whose Walls Are Now Rising. ... The current version of this article or section is written in an informal style and with a personally invested tone. ... Boston redirects here. ... Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005 New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the state of New York and the entire United States. ...


On July 1, 1912, the CPR acquired the Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway, a railway on Vancouver Island that connected to the CPR using a railcar ferry. The CPR also acquired the Quebec Central Railway on December 14, 1912. is the 182nd day of the year (183rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... The E and N Railway (E&N, ENR) (AAR reporting mark ENR) is a short line railway run by RailAmerica, Inc. ... Vancouver Island is separated from mainland British Columbia by the Strait of Georgia and the Queen Charlotte Strait, and from Washington by the Juan De Fuca Strait. ... The Quebec Central Railway is a railway in the Canadian province of Quebec, serving an area of Quebec called the Eastern Townships, south of the St. ... is the 348th day of the year (349th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1912 (MCMXII) was a leap year starting on Monday in the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday in the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


During the late 19th century, the railway undertook an ambitious program of hotel construction, building the Chateau Frontenac in Quebec City, the Royal York Hotel in Toronto, the Banff Springs Hotel, and several other major Canadian landmarks. By then, the CPR had competition from three other transcontinental lines, all of them money-losers. In 1919, these lines were consolidated, along with the track of the old Intercolonial Railway and its spurs, into the government-owned Canadian National Railways. Ch teau Frontenac in Qu bec City, Quebec The Ch teau Frontenac is one of the main attractions of Qu bec City, Quebec. ... The Royal York surrounded by Toronto’s modern towers. ... Banff Springs Hotel, Banff, Alberta. ... Intercolonial Railway of Canada logo or herald The Intercolonial Railway of Canada (IRC), also referred to as the Intercolonial Railway, was a historic Canadian railway. ... CN redirects here, as its the most common usage of the abbreviation in Canada; for more uses, see CN (disambiguation). ...


When World War I broke out in 1914, the CPR devoted resources to the war effort, and managed to stay profitable while its competitors struggled to remain solvent. After the war, the Federal government created Canadian National Railways (CNR, later CN) out of several bankrupt railways that fell into government hands during and after the war. CNR would become the main competitor to the CPR in Canada. “The Great War ” redirects here. ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS) is a Canadian Class I railway operated by the Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ...


The Great Depression and World War II, 1929–1945

The Great Depression, which lasted from 1929 until 1939, hit many companies heavily. While the CPR was affected, it was not affected to the extent of its rival CNR because it, unlike the CNR, was debt-free. The CPR scaled back on some of its passenger and freight services, and stopped issuing dividends to its shareholders after 1932. For other uses, see The Great Depression (disambiguation). ...


One highlight of the 1930s, both for the railway and for Canada, was the visit of King George VI and Queen Elizabeth to Canada in 1939, the first time that the reigning monarch had visited the country. The CPR and the CNR shared the honours of pulling the royal train across the country, with the CPR undertaking the westbound journey from Quebec City to Vancouver. George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions from 11 December 1936 until his death. ... Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, later Queen Elizabeth (Elizabeth Angela Marguerite; 4 August 1900 – 30 March 2002), was the Queen Consort of King George VI of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions from 1936 until his death in 1952. ...


Later that year, World War II began. As it had done in World War I, the CPR devoted much of its resources to the war effort. It retooled its Angus Shops in Montreal to produce Valentine tanks, and transported troops and resources across the country. As well, 22 of the CPR's ships went to warfare, 12 of which were sunk. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... “The Great War ” redirects here. ... CPR Angus Shops in Montreal was a repair facility for the Canadian Pacific Railway. ... The most numerous British manufactured tank of World War II, the Infantry Tank III Valentine was known mainly for its inexpensive cost and high reliability. ...


1946–1978

After World War II, the transportation industry in Canada changed. Where railways had previously provided almost universal freight and passenger services, cars, trucks, and airplanes started to take traffic away from railways. This naturally helped the CPR's air and trucking operations, and the railway's freight operations continued to thrive hauling resource traffic and bulk commodities. However, passenger trains quickly became unprofitable. Car redirects here. ... For other uses, see Truck (disambiguation). ... Airplane and Aeroplane redirect here. ...


During the 1950s, the railway introduced new innovations in passenger service, and in 1955 introduced The Canadian, a new luxury transcontinental train. However, starting in the 1960s the company started to pull out of passenger services, ending services on many of its branch lines. It also discontinued its transcontinental train The Dominion in 1966, and in 1970 unsuccessfully applied to discontinue The Canadian. For the next eight years, it continued to apply to discontinue the service, and service on The Canadian declined markedly. On October 29, 1978, CP Rail transferred its passenger services to VIA Rail, a new federal Crown corporation that is responsible for managing all intercity passenger service formerly handled by both CP Rail and CN. VIA eventually took almost all of its passenger trains, including The Canadian, off CP's lines. VIA Rail Canadas The Canadian The Canadian is a Canadian transcontinental passenger train originally operated by the Canadian Pacific Railway. ... The Dominion was a Canadian transcontinental passenger train operated by the Canadian Pacific Railway. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... VIA Rails trains travelling by Highway 401 near Brockville, Ontario. ... In Commonwealth countries a Crown corporation is a state-controlled company or enterprise (a public corporation). ...

The logo used from 1971 to 1994 when it fell out of use. Often referred to as the 'Pac-Man' logo named after the popular 80s video game of the same name.

In 1968, as part of a corporate re-organization, each of the CPR's major operations, including its rail operations, were organized as separate subsidiaries. The name of the railway was changed to CP Rail, and the parent company changed its name to Canadian Pacific Limited in 1971. Its express, telecommunications, hotel and real estate holdings were spun off, and ownership of all of the companies transferred to Canadian Pacific Investments. The company discarded its beaver logo, adopting the new Multimark logo that could be used for each of its operations. CP Rail logo, scanned by User:JYolkowski. ... CP Rail logo, scanned by User:JYolkowski. ... Pac-Man is an arcade game developed by Namco and licensed for distribution by Midway Games in 1979. ... Canadian Pacific Limited was created in 1971 to own properties formerly owned by Canadian Pacific Railway, a transportation and mining giant in Canada. ... July 17, 1968 Canadian Pacific introduced the Multimark to identify each of its various operations, each using a different colour. ...


1979–present

In 1984 CP Rail commenced construction of the Mount Macdonald Tunnel to augment the Connaught Tunnel under the Selkirk Mountains. The first revenue train passed through the tunnel in 1988. At 14.7 km (9 miles), it is the longest tunnel in the Americas. The Mount Macdonald Tunnel, located in the vicinity of Rogers Pass in the Selkirk Mountains of British Columbia, Canada, is a railway tunnel constructed through Mount Macdonald by the Canadian Pacific Railway. ... Connaught Tunnel, in the Selkirk Mountains under Rogers Pass on the Canadian Pacific Railway main line between Calgary, Alberta, and Revelstoke, British Columbia, at 5. ... The Selkirk Mountains are a mountain range originating in Idaho and Washington, and extending into SE British Columbia. ... World map showing the Americas The Americas are the lands of the Western hemisphere historically considered to consist of the continents of North America and South America with their associated islands and regions. ...

Soo Line 6022, an EMD SD 60, pulls a train through Wisconsin Dells, WI, June 20, 2004.

During the 1980s, the Soo Line, in which CP Rail still owned a controlling interest, underwent several changes. It acquired the Minneapolis, Northfield and Southern Railway in 1982. Then on February 21, 1985, the Soo Line obtained a controlling interest in the Milwaukee Road, merging it into its system on January 1, 1986. Also in 1980 Canadian Pacific bought out the controlling interests of the Toronto, Hamilton and Buffalo Railway (TH&B) from Conrail and molded it into the Canadian Pacific System, dissolving the TH&B's name from the books in 1985. In 1987 most of CPR's trackage in the Great Lakes region, including much of the original Soo Line, were spun off into a new railway, the Wisconsin Central, which was subsequently purchased by CN. Influenced by the Canada-U.S. Free Trade Agreement of 1989 which liberalized trade between the two nations, the CPR's expansion continued during the early 1990s: CP Rail gained full control of the Soo Line in 1990, and bought the Delaware and Hudson Railway in 1991. These two acquisitions gave CP Rail routes to the major American cities of Chicago (via the Soo Line) and New York City (via the D&H). Soo Line 6022, an EMD SD60, pulls a Westbound train through Wisconsin Dells, WI. Photo by Sean Lamb (User:Slambo), June 20, 2004 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Soo Line 6022, an EMD SD60, pulls a Westbound train through Wisconsin Dells, WI. Photo by Sean Lamb (User:Slambo), June 20, 2004 File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Categories: Rail stubs | Defunct railroad companies of the United States | Illinois railroads | Michigan railroads | Minnesota railroads | North Dakota railroads | South Dakota railroads | Wisconsin railroads ... Electro-Motive Diesel, Inc. ... Soo Line 6022, an EMD SD 60, pulls a train through Wisconsin Dells, WI, 20 June 2004. ... Wisconsin Dells is a city located in south-central Wisconsin, in the United States. ... is the 171st day of the year (172nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Categories: Rail stubs | Defunct railroad companies of the United States | Illinois railroads | Michigan railroads | Minnesota railroads | North Dakota railroads | South Dakota railroads | Wisconsin railroads ... The Minneapolis, Northfield and Southern Railway (MN&S) (AAR reporting marks MNS) was an 87 mile (140 km) long American short line railroad connecting Minneapolis and Northfield, Minnesota. ... is the 52nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... The Milwaukee Road, officially the Chicago, Milwaukee, St. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1986 (MCMLXXXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link displays 1986 Gregorian calendar). ... The Toronto, Hamilton and Buffalo Railway (TH&B; AAR reporting mark THB) was a railway that ran in Southern Ontario. ... Conrail 6114, a GE Dash 8-40CW, leads a train westbound out of Altoona, Pennsylvania. ... The Great Lakes from space The Laurentian Great Lakes are a group of five large lakes in North America on or near the Canada-United States border. ... There were two Wisconsin Central railroads that ran through Wisconsin and neighboring states. ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS) is a Canadian Class I railway operated by the Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ... The Free Trade Agreement (FTA) was a trade agreement reached by Canada and the United States in October of 1987. ... This article is about economic exchange. ... 1886 map The Delaware and Hudson Railway (D&H) (AAR reporting mark DH) is a subsidiary of the Canadian Pacific Railway, giving it access to New York City and other parts of the northeastern United States. ...


During the next few years CP Rail downsized its route, and several Canadian branch lines were either sold to short lines or abandoned. This included all of its lines east of Montreal, with the routes operating across Maine and New Brunswick to the port of Saint John (operating as the Canadian Atlantic Railway) being sold or abandoned, severing CPR's transcontinental status (in Canada); the opening of the St. Lawrence Seaway in the late 1950s, coupled with subsidized icebreaking services, made Saint John surplus to CPR's requirements. During the 1990s, both CP Rail and CN attempted unsuccessfully to buy out the eastern assets of the other, so as to permit further rationalization. As well, it closed divisional and regional offices, drastically reduced white collar staff, and consolidated its Canadian traffic control system in Calgary, Alberta. A branch line is a relatively minor railway line which branches off a more important through route. ... A short line is an independent railroad company that operates over a relatively short distance. ... The Canadian Atlantic Railway (CAR) is a historic Canadian and U.S. railway that existed from 1988 to 1994. ... The Saint Lawrence Seaway in its broadest sense (see Great Lakes Waterway) is the system of canals that permits ocean-going vessels to travel from the Atlantic Ocean to the Great Lakes as far as Lake Superior. ...


Finally, in 1996, reflecting the increased importance of western traffic to the railway, CP Rail moved its head office to Calgary from Montreal and changed its name back to Canadian Pacific Railway. A new subsidiary company, the St. Lawrence and Hudson Railway, was created to operate its money-losing lines in eastern North America, covering Quebec, Southern and Eastern Ontario, trackage rights to Chicago, Illinois, as well as the Delaware and Hudson Railway in the U.S. Northeast. However, the new subsidiary, threatened with being sold off and free to innovate, quickly spun off losing track to short lines, instituted scheduled freight service, and produced an unexpected turn-around in profitability. After only four years, CPR revised its opinion and the StL&H formally re-amalgamated with its parent on January 1, 2001. A subsidiary, in business, is an entity that is controlled by another entity. ... The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR; AAR reporting marks CP, CPAA, CPI), known as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, is a Canadian Class I railway operated by Canadian Pacific Railway Limited. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ... Eastern Ontario is the region of the Canadian province of Ontario which lies in a wedge-shaped area between the Ottawa and St. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... 1886 map The Delaware and Hudson Railway (D&H) (AAR reporting mark DH) is a subsidiary of the Canadian Pacific Railway, giving it access to New York City and other parts of the northeastern United States. ... The U.S. Northeast is a region of the United States of America defined by the US Census Bureau. ... is the 1st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ...


In 2001, the CPR's parent company, Canadian Pacific Limited, spun off its five subsidiaries, including the CPR, into independent companies. Canadian Pacific Railway formally (but, not legally) shortened its name to Canadian Pacific in early 2007, dropping the word "railway" in order to reflect more operational flexibility. Shortly after the name revision, Canadian Pacific announced that it had committed to becoming a major sponsor and logistics provider to the 2010 Olympic Winter Games in Vancouver, British Columbia. Canadian Pacific Limited was created in 1971 to own properties formerly owned by Canadian Pacific Railway, a transportation and mining giant in Canada. ...


On September 4, 2007, CPR announced it was acquiring the Dakota, Minnesota and Eastern Railroad from its present owners, London-based Electra Private Equity.[2] The transaction is an "end-to-end" consolidation,[3][4] and will give CPR access to U.S. shippers of agricultural products, ethanol, and coal. CPR has stated its intention to use this purchase to gain access to the rich coal fields of Wyoming's Powder River Basin. The purchase price is US$1.48 billion, and future payments of over US$1.0 billion contingent on commencement of construction on the smaller railroad's Powder River extension and specified volumes of coal shipments from the Powder River basin.[3] The transaction is subject to approval of the U.S. Surface Transportation Board (STB), which is expected to take a year.[3] On October 4, 2007, CPR announced it has completed the financial transactions required for the acquisition, placing the DM&E and IC&E in a voting trust with Richard Hamlin appointed as the trustee. CPR plans to integrate the railroads' operations once the STB approves the acquisition.[5] is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... The Dakota, Minnesota and Eastern Railroad (DM&E, AAR reporting mark DME) is a Class 2 railroad operating across South Dakota and southern Minnesota in the northern plains of the United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... The Powder River Basin spanning the Montana — Wyoming border is the single largest source of coal mined in the United States. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ... The Surface Transportation Board (STB) was created by the Interstate Commerce Commission Termination Act of 1995 at the same time the Interstate Commerce Commission was destroyed. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ...


Freight trains

CPR caboose on display at Brockville, Ontario.

Over half of the Canadian Pacific Railway's freight traffic is in coal, grain, and intermodal freight, and the vast majority of its profits are made in western Canada. A major shift in trade from the Atlantic to the Pacific has caused serious drops in CPR's wheat shipments through Thunder Bay. It also ships automotive parts and assembled automobiles, sulphur, fertilizers, other chemicals, forest products, and other types of commodities. The busiest part of its railway network is along its main line between Calgary and Vancouver. An old CP Rail car outside the Brockville tunnel This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... An old CP Rail car outside the Brockville tunnel This image has been released into the public domain by the copyright holder, its copyright has expired, or it is ineligible for copyright. ... Look up Caboose in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Brockville is located in the Thousand Islands region on the St. ... Coal Example chemical structure of coal Coal is a fossil fuel formed in ecosystems where plant remains were saved by water and mud from oxidization and biodegradation. ... For passenger transport, see Intermodal passenger transport. ... For the chemical element see: sulfur. ... Spreading manure, an organic fertilizer Fertilizers (also spelled fertilisers) are compounds given to plants to promote growth; they are usually applied either through the soil, for uptake by plant roots, or by foliar feeding, for uptake through leaves. ... A chemical substance is any material substance used in or obtained by a process in chemistry: A chemical compound is a substance consisting of two or more chemical elements that are chemically combined in fixed proportions. ...


Since 1970, coal has become a major commodity hauled by CPR. Coal is shipped in unit trains from coal mines in the mountains, most notably Sparwood, British Columbia to terminals at Roberts Bank and North Vancouver, from where it is then shipped to Japan. The CPR hauls over 34 million tons of coal to the west coast each year, mainly for export to Japan. A unit train, also called a block train is a type of train where all the cars making it up are shipped from the same origin to the same destination. ... Sparwood is a town in British Columbia, Canada. ... The Capilano Suspension Bridge There are two municipalities in the Greater Vancouver region of British Columbia that use the name North Vancouver. ...


Grain is hauled by the CPR from the prairies to ports at Thunder Bay, Ontario (the former cities of Fort William and Port Arthur), Quebec City and Vancouver, where it is then shipped overseas. The traditional winter export port was West Saint John, New Brunswick when ice closed the St. Lawrence River. Grain has always been a significant commodity hauled by the CPR; between 1905 and 1909, the CPR double-tracked its section of track between Fort William and Winnipeg to facilitate grain shipments. For several decades this was the only long stretch of double-track mainline outside of urban areas on the CPR. Nickname: Motto: Superior by nature Location of Thunder Bay, Ontario Coordinates: , Country Canada Province Ontario Region Northwestern Ontario District Thunder Bay District CMA Thunder Bay Settled 1679 as Fort Caministigoyan See histories of Port Arthur and Fort William Amalgamation 1 January 1970 Government [1][2]  - Type Municipal Government  - Mayor Lynn... Fort William was a city in Northern Ontario, located on the Kaministiquia River, at its entrance to Lake Superior. ... Port Arthur, Ontario, was a city in Northern Ontario which amalgamated with Fort William, Ontario and the townships of Neebing and McIntyre to form the City of Thunder Bay in January 1970. ... Fort William was a city in Northern Ontario, located on the Kaministiquia River, at its entrance to Lake Superior. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Location City Information Established: 1738 (Fort Rouge), 1873 (City of Winnipeg) Area: 465. ...


In 1952, the CPR became the first North American railway to introduce intermodal or "piggyback" freight service, where truck trailers are carried on flat cars. Containers later replaced most piggyback service. In 1996, the CPR introduced a scheduled reservation-only short-haul intermodal service between Montreal and West Toronto called the Iron Highway it utilized unique equipment that was later replaced (1999) by conventional piggyback flatcars and renamed Expressway. This service was extended to Detroit with plans to reach Chicago. It was later cut back to Milton, west of Toronto. For passenger transport, see Intermodal passenger transport. ... A multiple piggyback. ... Freight is a term used to classify the transportation of cargo and is typically a commercial process. ... KCS 8985, a flatcar seen in this May 29, 2004 photo, is fitted with hitches for hauling trailers. ...


Passenger trains

Until the end of World War II, the train was the primary mode of long-distance transportation in Canada. Among the many types of people who rode CPR trains were new immigrants heading for the prairies, troops heading to war (especially during the two world wars) and upper class tourists. It also custom-built many of its passenger cars at its CPR Angus Shops to be able to meet the demands of the upper class. The CPR also had a line of Great Lakes ships integrated into is transcontinental service. From 1885 until 1912, these ships linked Owen Sound on Georgian Bay to Fort William. Following a major fire in December 1911 that destroyed the grain elevator, operations were relocated to a new, larger port created by the CPR at Port McNicoll opening in May 1912. Five ships allowed daily service, and included the S.S. Assiniboia, and S.S. Keewatin built in 1908 which remained in use until the end of service. Travellers went by train from Toronto to that Georgian Bay port, then travelled by ship to link with another train at the Lakehead. After World War II, the trains and ships carried automobiles as well as passengers. This service featured what was to become the last boat train in North America. The Steam Boat was a fast, direct connecting train between Toronto and Port McNicoll. The passenger service was discontinued at the end of season in 1965 with one ship, the Keewatin carrying on in freight service for two more years. It later became a marine museum in the United States. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Restored passenger cars on display at the Mid-Continent Railway Museum in North Freedom, WI. A passenger car is a piece of railroad rolling stock that is designed to carry passengers. ... There are very few or no other articles that link to this one. ...


After World War II, passenger traffic declined as automobiles and aeroplanes became more common, but the CPR continued to innovate in an attempt to keep ridership up. Beginning November 9, 1953, the CPR introduced Budd Rail Diesel Cars, on many of its lines. Officially called "Dayliners" by the CPR they were always referred to as Budd Cars by employees. Greatly reduced travel times and reduced costs resulted which saved service on many lines for a number of years. The CPR would go on to acquire the second largest fleet of RDCs totaling 52 cars. Only the Boston and Maine Railroad had more. On April 24, 1955, the CPR introduced a new luxury transcontinental passenger train, The Canadian. The train provided service between Vancouver and Toronto or Montreal (east of Sudbury, the train was in two sections). The train, which operated on an expedited schedule, was pulled by diesel locomotives, and used new, streamlined, stainless steel rolling stock. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Budd RDC-1 #407 of the Cape May Seashore Lines. ... 1898 map The Boston and Maine Railroad (AAR reporting marks BM), also known by the abbreviation B&M, was the dominant railroad of the northern New England region of the United States for a century. ... is the 114th day of the year (115th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1955 (MCMLV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1955 Gregorian calendar). ... Greater Sudbury (2001 census population 155,219) is a city in Northern Ontario. ... Great Western Railway No. ...


Starting in the 1960s, however, the railway started to discontinue much of its passenger service, particularly on its branch lines. For example, passenger service ended on its line through southern British Columbia and Crowsnest Pass in January 1964, and on its Quebec Central in April 1967, and the transcontinental train The Dominion was dropped in January 1966. On October 29, 1978, CP Rail transferred its passenger services to VIA Rail, a new federal Crown corporation that was now responsible for intercity passenger services in Canada. Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... For the Municipality of Crowsnest Pass, please see Crowsnest Pass, Alberta Crowsnest Pass (sometimes referred to as Crows Nest Pass) (el. ... The Quebec Central Railway is a railway in the Canadian province of Quebec, serving an area of Quebec called the Eastern Townships, south of the St. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1978 (MCMLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link displays the 1978 Gregorian calendar). ... VIA Rails trains travelling by Highway 401 near Brockville, Ontario. ...


In addition to inter-city passenger services, the CPR also provided commuter rail services in Montreal. CP Rail introduced Canada's first bi-level passenger cars here in 1970. On October 1, 1982, the Montreal Urban Community Transit Commission (MUCTC) assumed responsibility for the commuter services previously provided by CP Rail. It continues under the Metropolitan Transportation Agency (AMT). A Virginia Railway Express locomotive in push-pull commuter service (www. ... Double-deck rail car operated by GO Transit, Ontario, Canada Bilevel car is a clever design to solve the problem of increasing passenger capacity on railcars, without squeezing more (smaller) seats into the same space and/or decreasing the pitch (distance between seats). ... is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1982 (MCMLXXXII) was a common year starting on Friday (link displays the 1982 Gregorian calendar). ... The Société de transport de Montréal or Montreal Transit Corporation is the agency that operates buses and the Métro in the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... The Agence métropolitaine de transport (AMT) or (English: Metropolitan Transportation Agency) (AAR reporting marks AMT) is the umbrella organization that plans, integrates, and coordinates public transportation services across Canadas Greater Montreal Region, including the Island of Montreal, Laval (Île Jésus), and communities along both the North Shore...


Canadian Pacific Railway currently operates three commuter services under contract. The West Coast Express comprises ten daily trains running into downtown Vancouver on behalf of TransLink, a regional transit authority. GO Transit contracts CPR to operate 6 return trips between Milton and downtown Toronto in Ontario. In Montreal, Quebec, commuter trains run on CPR lines from Lucien-L'Allier Station to Candiac, Rigaud and Blainville–Saint-Jerome on behalf of the AMT. The West Coast Express at Waterfront Station. ... TransLink, officially known as the Greater Vancouver Transportation Authority, is a transportation organization that services transportation needs of the Greater Vancouver Regional District (GVRD) in British Columbia, Canada. ... // GO Transit (AAR reporting marks GOT), officially known as the Greater Toronto Transit Authority (GTTA), is Canadas first, and Ontarios only, interregional public transit system, established to link Toronto with the surrounding regions of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). ... Lucien-LAllier is a commuter rail station on the AMT Dorion-Rigaud, Blainville-Saint-Jerome, Delson-Candiac lines in the Greater Montreal area in Quebec, Canada. ... The Delson-Candiac line is a commuter rail line operated in the Greater Montreal, Quebec, Canada area, by the Agence métropolitaine de transport, or AMT, (in English, the Metropolitan transportation agency), the umbrella organization that plans, integrates, and coordinates public transportation services across this region. ... The Dorion-Rigaud line is a commuter rail line operated in the Greater Montreal, Quebec, Canada area, by the Agence métropolitaine de transport, or AMT, (in English, the Metropolitan transportation agency), the umbrella organization that plans, integrates, and coordinates public transportation services across this region. ... The Blainville line is a commuter rail line operated in the Greater Montreal, Quebec, Canada area, by the Agence métropolitaine de transport, or AMT, (in English, the Metropolitan transportation agency), the umbrella organization that plans, integrates, and coordinates public transportation services across this region. ...


Sleeping, Dining and Parlour Car Department

Sleeping cars were operated by a separate department of the railway that included the dining and parlour cars and aptly named as the Sleeping, Dining and Parlour Car Department. The interior of a Pullman car on the Chicago and Alton Railroad circa 1900. ...


The CPR decided from the very beginning that it would operate its own sleeping cars unlike railways in the United States that depended upon independent companies that specialized in providing cars and porters, including building the cars themselves. Pullman was long a famous name in this regard, its Pullman porters were legendary. Other early companies included the Wagner Palace Car Company. Bigger-sized berths and more comfortable surroundings were built by order of the CPR's General Manager, William Van Horne, who was a large man himself. Providing and operating their own cars allowed better control of the service provided as well as keeping all of the revenue received although profit was never a direct result of providing food to passengers. Rather, it was the realization that those who could afford to travel great distances expected such facilities and their favourable opinion would bode well to attracting others to Canada and the CPR's trains. The streamlined Pullman observation-lounge car Coconino, coupled to a heavyweight sleeper painted in two-tone Pullman grey, brings up the rear of the Santa Fe Railways Chief at La Junta, Colorado on February 27, 1938. ... William Cornelius Van Horne William Cornelius Van Horne, born February 3, 1843 - died September 11, 1915, was a North American pioneer railway executive. ...


This department also operated the news service which provided the news agents on passenger trains, who sold small refreshments and many other items such as playing cards to travelers, who might otherwise be unable to afford the higher priced dining car meals. The news service also operated lunch counters in medium sized stations at key points (there were 19 of them east of Winnipeg) while the large terminal stations had dining rooms operated directly by the Dining Car Department (e.g. the Alouette Room in Montreal's Windsor Station and the Pacific Room in the Vancouver station). Chicago, Burlington and Quincy Railroad lightweight dining car Silver Grill passes through Denver, Colorado on October 24, 1936. ...


Express

W. C. Van Horne decided from the very beginning that the CPR would retain as much revenue from its various operations as it could. This translated into keeping express, telegraph, sleeping car and other lines of business for themselves, creating separate departments or companies as necessary. This was necessary as the fledgling railway would need all the income it could get, and in addition, he saw some of these ancillary operations such as express and telegraph as being quite profitable. Others such as sleeping and dining cars were kept in order to provide better control over the quality of service being provided to passengers. Hotels were likewise crucial to the CPR’s growth by attracting travellers.


Dominion Express Company was formed independently in 1873 before the CPR itself, although train service did not begin until the summer of 1882 at which time it operated over some 300 miles (480 km) of track from Rat Portage (Kenora) Ontario west to Winnipeg, Manitoba. It was soon absorbed into the CPR and expanded everywhere the CPR went. It was renamed Canadian Express Company on September 1, 1926 and the headquarters moved from Winnipeg, to Toronto. It was operated as a separate company with the railway charging them to haul express cars on trains. At major terminals separate buildings usually next to stations were owned by CPE. At smaller locations where volume would not warrant a separate employee the local station agent would act for the Express Company receiving a commission for all sales made on their behalf. is the 244th day of the year (245th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1926 (MCMXXVI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Express was handled in separate cars, some with employees on board, on the headend of passenger trains to provide a fast scheduled service for which higher rates could be charged than for LCL (Less than Carload Lot), small shipments of freight which were subject to delay. Aside from all sorts of small shipments for all kinds of businesses such products as cream, butter, poultry, and eggs were handled along with fresh flowers, fish and other sea foods some handled in separate refrigerated cars. Horses and livestock along with birds and small animals including prize cattle for exhibition were carried often in special horse cars that had facilities for grooms to ride with their animals. Automobiles for individuals were also handled by express in closed boxcars. Gold and silver bullion as well as cash were carried in large amounts between the mint and banks etc. Small business money shipments and valuables such as jewellery were routinely handled in small packets. Money orders and travellers’ cheques were an important part of the express company’s business and were used worldwide in the years before credit cards.


Canadian Express Cartage Department was formed in March 1937 to handle pickup and delivery of most express shipments including less-than-carload freight. Their trucks were painted Killarney (dark) green while regular express company vehicles were painted bright red.


Express routes using highway trucks beginning in November 1945 in southern Ontario and Alberta co-ordinated rail and highway service expanded service to better serve smaller locations especially on branchlines. Trucking operations would go on to expand across Canada making it an important transportation provider for small shipments. Deregulation in the 1980s changed everything, and it was not long before all trucking services were ended even after many attempts to change with the times. CanPar was one such attempt.


Telegraph

The original charter of the CPR granted in 1881 provided for the right to create an electric telegraph and telephone service including charging for it. The telephone had barely been invented but telegraph was well established as a means of communicating quickly across great distances. Being allowed to sell this service meant the railway could offset the costs of constructing and maintaining a pole line along its tracks across vast distances for its own purposes which were largely for dispatching trains. It began doing so in 1882 as the separate Telegraph Department. It would go on to provide a link between the cables under the Atlantic and Pacific oceans when they were completed. Prior to the CPR line messages to the west could be sent only via the United States. ... For other uses, see Telephone (disambiguation). ...


Paid for by the word, a telegram was an expensive way to send messages but, vital to businesses. An individual receiving a personal telegram was seen as being someone important except for those that transmitted sorrow in the form of death notices. Messengers on bicycles delivered telegrams and picked up a reply in cities. In smaller locations the local railway station agent would handle this on a commission basis. To speed things, at the local end messages would first be telephoned.


In 1931 it became the Communications Department in recognition of the expanding services provided which included telephones lines, news wire, ticker quotations for the stock market and eventually teletype machines. All were faster than mail and very important to business and the public alike for many decades before cell phones and computers came along. Definition A news agency is an organization of journalists established to supply news reports to organizations in the news trade: newspapers, magazines, and radio and television broadcasters. ... Ticker tape was used by ticker tape machines, stock ticker machines, or just stock tickers. ... A stock market is a market for the trading of company stock, and derivatives of same; both of these are securities listed on a stock exchange as well as those only traded privately. ... Teletype machines in World War II A teleprinter (teletypewriter, teletype or TTY for TeleTYpe/TeleTYpewriter) is a now largely obsolete electro-mechanical typewriter which can be used to communicate typed messages from point to point through a simple electrical communications channel, often just a pair of wires. ... For other uses, see Mail (disambiguation). ... In economics, a business is a legally-recognized organizational entity existing within an economically free country designed to sell goods and/or services to consumers, usually in an effort to generate profit. ... Cell phone redirects here. ... This article is about the machine. ...


It was the coming of these newer technologies especially cellular telephones that eventually resulted in the demise of these services even after formation in 1967 of CN-CP Telecommunications in an effort to effect efficiencies through consolidation rather than competition. Commercial telegraph service officially ended in 1974. Deregulation in the 1980s brought about mergers and the sale of remaining services and facilities. CNCP Telecommunications (Canadian National-Canadian Pacific Telecommunications) a telegraph operator and later as a telecom company. ... Deregulation is the process by which governments remove, reduce, or simplify restrictions on business and individuals in order to (in theory) encourage the efficient operation of markets. ...


Radio

On January 17, 1930 the CPR applied for licenses to operate radio stations in eleven cities from coast-to-coast for the purpose of organizing its own radio network in order to compete with the CNR Radio service. The CNR had built a radio network with the aim of promoting itself as well as entertaining its passengers during their travels. The onset of the Great Depression hurt the CPR's financial plan for a rival project and in April they withdrew their applications for stations in all but Toronto, Montreal and Winnipeg. CPR did not end up pursuing these applications but instead operated a phantom station in Toronto known as "CPRY", with initials standing for "Canadian Pacific Royal York"[6]) which operated out of studios at CP's Royal York Hotel and leased time on CFRB and CKGW.[7] A network of affiliates carried the CPR radio network's broadcasts in the first half of the 1930s but the takeover of CNR's Radio service by the new Canadian Radio Broadcasting Commission removed the need CPR's need to have a network for competitive reasons and CPR's radio service was discontinued in 1935.[8] A radio station is an audio (sound) broadcasting service, traditionally broadcast through the air as radio waves (a form of electromagnetic radiation) from a transmitter to an antenna and a thus to a receiving device. ... A radio network is a network system which distributes programming to multiple stations simultaneously, or slightly delayed, for the purpose of extending total coverage beyond the limits of a single broadcast signal. ... The Royal York surrounded by Toronto’s modern towers. ... CFRB, or CFRB 1010 as it is often referred to, is an AM radio station in Toronto, Canada, broadcasting on 1010 kHz, with a shortwave radio simulcast by CFRX on 6070 kHz. ... CBLA is a Canadian radio station. ... CBC redirects here, as this is the most common use of the abbreviation. ...


Steamships

Steamships played an important part in the history of the Canadian Pacific Railway from the very earliest days. During construction of the line in British Columbia even before the private CPR took over from the government contractor, ships were used to bring supplies to the construction sites. Similarly, to reach the isolated area of Superior in northern Ontario ships were used to bring in supplies to the construction work. While this work was going on there was already regular passenger service to the West. Trains operated from Toronto to Owen Sound where CPR steamships connected to Fort William where trains once again operated to reach Winnipeg. Before the CPR was completed the only way to reach the West was through the United States via St. Paul and Winnipeg. This Great Lakes steam ship service continued as an alternative route for many years and was always operated by the railway. It would become the last operation in North America to feature a special connecting boat train. For other uses, see Steamboat (disambiguation). ...


Once the railway was completed to British Columbia the CPR chartered and soon bought their own steamships. These sleek steamships were of the latest design and christened with the prefix Empress in a link to the Orient. Travel to and from the Orient and cargo, especially imported tea and silk were an important source of revenue aided by Royal Mail contracts. This was an important part of the All Red Route to link the British Empire. The other ocean part was the Atlantic service from England which began with acquisition of two existing lines, Beaver Line, owned by Elder Dempster and Allan Lines. These two segments became Canadian Pacific Ocean Services (later, Canadian Pacific Steamships) and operated separately from the various lake services operated in Canada. CP’s Empress ships became world-famous for their luxury and speed. They had a practical role too in transporting immigrants from much of Europe to Canada especially to populate the vast prairies. They also played an important role in both world wars with many of them being lost to enemy action including the Empress of Britain. There have been three ships named Empress of Britain. ...


There were also a number of rail ferries operated over the years as well including, between Windsor, Ontario and Detroit, Michigan from 1890 until 1915. This began with two paddle-wheelers capable of carrying 16 cars. Passenger cars were carried as well as freight. This service ended in 1915 when the CPR made an agreement with the Michigan Central to use their Detroit River tunnel opened in 1910. A loaded train ferry approaching the dock in Detroit, Michigan, April 1943. ...


Pennsylvania-Ontario Transportation Company was formed jointly with the PRR in 1906 to operate a ferry across lake Erie between Ashtabula, Ohio and Port Burwell, Ontario to carry freight cars, mostly of coal, much of it to be burned in CPR steam locomotives. Only one ferry boat was ever operated, the Ashtabula, a large vessel which eventually sank in a harbour collision in Ashtabula on September 18, 1958 thus ending the service. is the 261st day of the year (262nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Jan. ...


Canadian Pacific Car and Passenger Transfer Company was formed by other interest in 1888 linking the CPR in Prescott, Ontario, and the NYC in Ogdensburg, New York. Service on this route had actually begun very early, in 1854 along with service from Brockville. A bridge built in 1958 ended passenger service however, freight continued until Ogdensburg's dock was destroyed by fire September 25, 1970 thus ending all service. CPC&PTC was never owned by the CPR. is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1970 (MCMLXX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link shows full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Bay of Fundy ferry service was operated for passengers and freight for many years linking Digby, Nova Scotia, and Saint John, New Brunswick. The Bay of Fundy (French: ) is a bay located on the Atlantic coast of North America, on the northeast end of the Gulf of Maine between the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, with a small portion touching the U.S. state of Maine. ... The ferryboat Dongan Hills, filled with commuters, about to dock at a New York City pier, circa 1945. ... Digby, Nova Scotia in 1906 Digby, Nova Scotia in 2005 For other meanings of Digby, see Digby Digby is a town in western Nova Scotia which lies on the Annapolis Basin of the Bay of Fundy. ... Nickname: Motto: O Fortunati Quorum Jam Moenia Surgunt (Latin for, O Fortunate Ones Whose Walls Are Now Rising. ...


Eventually, after 78 years, with the changing times the scheduled passenger services would all be ended as well as ocean cruises. Cargo would continue on both oceans with a change over to containers. Canadian Pacific was an intermodal pioneer especially on land with road and rail mixing to provide the best service.


CP Ships was the final operation, and in the end it too left Canadian Pacific ownership when it was sold off in 2005. CP Ships is a large Anglo-Canadian shipping company owned by Canadian Pacific Limited. ...


BC Coast Steamships

BCCS was established when the CPR acquired in 1901 Canadian Pacific Navigation Company (no relation) and its large fleet of ships that served 72 ports along the coast of British Columbia including on Vancouver Island. Service included the Vancouver-Victoria-Seattle Triangle Route, Gulf Islands, Powell River, as well as Vancouver-Alaska service. BCCS operated a fleet of 14 passenger ships made up of a number of Princess ships, pocket versions of the famous ocean going Empress ships along with a freighter, three tugs and five rail car barges. Popular with tourists, the Princess ships were famous in their own right especially the Princess Marguerite (II) which became the last coastal liner operating from 1949 until 1985.


These services continued for many years until changing conditions in the late 1950’s brought about their decline and eventual demise at the end of season in 1974. The Princess Marguerite was acquired by the province’s British Columbia Steamship (1975) Ltd. and continued to operate for a number of years.


BC lake and river services

Canadian Pacific began a long history of service in the Kootenays region of southern British Columbia beginning with the purchase in 1897 of the Columbia and Kootenay Steam Navigation Company which operated a fleet of steamers and barges on the Arrow Lakes. Other services were also provided on the Columbia River, Kootenay Lake, Okanagan Lake, Slocan Lake, and Trout Lake. All of these lake operations had one thing in common, the need for shallow draft therefore sternwheelers were the choice of ship. Tugs and barges handled rail equipment including one operation that saw the entire train including the locomotive and caboose go along. These services gradually declined and ended in 1975 except for a freight barge on Slocan Lake. This was the one where the entire train went along since the barge was a link to an isolated section of track. The Iris G tug boat and a barge were operated under contract to CP Rail until the last train ran late in December 1988. Upper Arrow Lake, British Columbia The Arrow Lakes, divided into Upper Arrow Lake and Lower Arrow Lake are widenings of the Columbia River. ... The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. ... This article needs cleanup. ... Okanagan Lake is a large, deep lake in the Okanagan Valley of British Columbia. ...


The sternwheel steamship Moyie on Kootenay Lake was the last CPR passenger boat in BC lake service, having operated from 1898 until 1957. It became a beached historical exhibit.


Hotels

To promote tourism and passenger ridership the Canadian Pacific established a series of first class resort hotels. These hotels became landmarks famous in their own right. They include The Algonquin in St. Andrews, Château Frontenac in Quebec, Château Laurier in Ottawa, Royal York in Toronto, Minaki Lodge in Minaki Ontario, Hotel Vancouver, Empress Hotel in Victoria and the Banff Springs Hotel and Chateau Lake Louise in the Canadian Rockies. Several signature hotels were acquired from its competitor Canadian National during the 1980s. The hotels retain their Canadian Pacific heritage but are no longer operated by the railroad. In 1998 Canadian Pacific Hotels acquired Fairmont Hotels, an American company, becoming Fairmont Hotels and Resorts Inc. and the combined corporation operated the historic Canadian properties as well as the Fairmont's U.S. properties until sold in 2006. Banff Springs Hotel, October, 1929 The Canadian Pacific hotels are a series of hotels across Canada that were originally built by the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR). ... The Algonquin, St. ... For the parish in New Brunswick with the same name see St. ... East side of Château Frontenac Château Frontenac at sunset The Château Frontenac grand hotel is one of the most popular attraction in Quebec City, Quebec, Canada. ... Nickname: Motto: Don de Dieu feray valoir (I shall put Gods gift to good use; the Don de Dieu was Champlains ship) Coordinates: , Country Province Agglomeration Quebec City Statute of the city Capitale-Nationale Administrative Region Capitale-Nationale Founded 1608 by Samuel de Champlain Constitution date 1833 Government... Château Laurier seen from Wellington Street. ... This article is about the capital city of Canada. ... The Royal York Hotel opened in 1929 as the tallest building in the British Commonwealth. ... Hotel Vancouver The Fairmont Hotel Vancouver (generally known as the Hotel Vancouver) is located on West Georgia Street and Burrard Street, in the heart of downtown Vancouver, British Columbia. ... The Empress Hotel The Fairmont Empress (most commonly known as The Empress) is one of the oldest and most famous hotels in Victoria, British Columbia. ... This article is about the city of Victoria. ... Banff Springs Hotel, Banff, Alberta. ... Chateau Lake Louise from the Big Beehive Chateau Lake Louise is a Canadian Pacific hotel on the eastern shore of Lake Louise, near Banff, Alberta. ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS) is a Canadian Class I railway operated by the Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ... Banff Springs Hotel, October, 1929 The Canadian Pacific hotels are a series of hotels across Canada that were originally built by the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR). ... Banff Springs Hotel Quebec City - Château Frontenac Victoria - The Empress Chateau Lake Louise Ottawa - Château Laurier Toronto - Royal York Montreal - Queen Elizabeth Saint Andrews - The Algonquin Hotel Vancouver Calgary - Palliser Hotel Fairmont San Jose Hotel Fairmont Washington D.C. Fairmont Hotels & Resorts is a Toronto, Ontario based owner... Banff Springs Hotel Quebec City - Château Frontenac Victoria - The Empress Chateau Lake Louise Ottawa - Château Laurier Toronto - Royal York Montreal - Queen Elizabeth Saint Andrews - The Algonquin Hotel Vancouver Calgary - Palliser Hotel Fairmont San Jose Hotel Fairmont Washington D.C. Fairmont Hotels & Resorts is a Toronto, Ontario based owner...


Airline

Canadian Pacific Airlines, also called CP Air, operated from 1942 to 1987 and was the main competitor of government owned Air Canada. Based at Vancouver International Airport, it served Canadian and international routes until it was purchased by Pacific Western Airlines which merged PWA and CP Air to create Canadian Airlines. Canadian Pacific Airlines, also called CP Air, was a Canadian airline that operated from 1942 to 1987. ... Air Canada (TSX: AC.A, TSX: AC.B) is Canadas largest airline and flag carrier. ... Vancouver International Airport (IATA: YVR, ICAO: CYVR) is located on Sea Island in Richmond, British Columbia, Canada, about 15 kilometres from downtown Vancouver. ... Pacific Western Airlines was an airline that operated throughout western Canada and around the world from the 1950s through the 1980s. ... Canadian Airlines International Ltd. ...


Special trains

Silk trains

Between the 1890s and the 1940s, the CPR transported raw silk cocoons from Vancouver, where they had been shipped to from the Orient, to silk mills in New York and New Jersey. A silk train could carry several million dollars worth of silk, so they had their own armed guards. To avoid train robberies and so minimize insurance costs, they traveled quickly and stopped only to change locomotives and crews, which was often done in under five minutes. The silk trains had superior rights over all other trains; even passenger trains would be put in sidings to make the silk trains' trip faster. At the end of World War II, the invention of nylon made silk less valuable so the silk trains died out. For other uses of this word, see Silk (disambiguation). ... The term the Orient - literally meaning sunrise, east - is traditionally used to refer to Near, Middle, and Far Eastern countries. ... This article is about the state. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... For other uses of this word, see nylon (disambiguation). ...


Funeral trains

Funeral train of Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald.

Funeral trains would carry the remains of important people, such as prime ministers. As the train would pass, mourners would be at certain spots to show respect. Two of the CPR's funeral trains are particularly well-known. On June 10, 1891, the funeral train of Prime Minister Sir John A. Macdonald ran from Ottawa to Kingston, Ontario. The train consisted of five heavily draped passenger cars and was pulled by 4-4-0 No. 283. On September 14, 1915, the funeral train of former CPR president Sir William Cornelius Van Horne ran from Montreal to Joliet, Illinois, pulled by 4-6-2 No. 2213. The Canadian was used as funeral train for former Prime Minister John Diefenbaker in 1979. Sir John A. MacDonalds funeral train. ... Sir John A. MacDonalds funeral train. ... Abraham Lincolns funeral train. ... is the 161st day of the year (162nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A prime minister is the most senior minister of cabinet in the executive branch of government in a parliamentary system. ... The Right Honourable Sir John Alexander Macdonald, GCB, QC (January 11, 1815 - June 6, 1891) was the first Prime Minister of Canada from July 1, 1867 - November 5, 1873 - and - October 17, 1878 - June 6, 1891. ... Murney Tower, Kingston The Fort Henry Guard performing an historical demonstration The Prince George Hotel Kingston, Ontario, the first capital[1] of Canada, is located at the eastern end of Lake Ontario, where the lake runs into the St. ... Atlantic, Mississippi and Ohio Railroad #87, delivered 1873-10-27 from the Mason Machine Works of Taunton, Massachusetts. ... is the 257th day of the year (258th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday[1] of the 13-day-slower Julian calendar). ... William Cornelius Van Horne William Cornelius Van Horne, born February 3, 1843 - died September 11, 1915, was a North American pioneer railway executive. ... Incorporated City in 1834. ... Official language(s) English[1] Capital Springfield Largest city Chicago Largest metro area Chicago Metropolitan Area Area  Ranked 25th  - Total 57,918 sq mi (140,998 km²)  - Width 210 miles (340 km)  - Length 390 miles (629 km)  - % water 4. ... Blue Mountain and Reading Railroad 425 gets ready for the days tourist train in 1993. ...

King George VI and Queen Elizabeth at Hope, British Columbia.

Their Majesties King George VI and Queen Elizabeth on board the Royal Train, visiting Hope, British Columbia, May 31, 1939. ... Their Majesties King George VI and Queen Elizabeth on board the Royal Train, visiting Hope, British Columbia, May 31, 1939. ... Hope ( ) is a community of approximately 7,000 people located at the confluence of the Fraser and Coquihalla rivers in the province of British Columbia, Canada. ...

Royal trains

The CPR ran a number of trains that transported members of the Royal family when they toured Canada. These trains transported royalty through Canada's scenery, forests, small towns and enabled people to see and greet them. Their trains were elegantly decorated; some had amenities such as a post office and barber shop. The CPR's most notable royal train was in 1939.


In 1939 the CPR had the honour of giving King George VI and Queen Elizabeth a rail tour of Canada, from Quebec City to Vancouver. This was the first visit to Canada by a reigning Monarch. The steam locomotive used to pull the train was numbered 2850, a Hudson (4-6-4) built by Montreal Locomotive Works. Specially painted royal blue with silver trim as was the entire train, the locomotive ran 5,189 km (3,224 miles) across Canada, through 25 changes of crew, without engine failure. The King, somewhat of a railbuff, rode in the cab when possible. After the tour, King George gave the CPR permission to use the term "Royal Hudson" for these locomotives and to display Royal Crowns on their running boards. This applied only to the semi-streamlined locomotives (2820–2864), not the "standard" Hudsons (2800–2819). George VI (Albert Frederick Arthur George; 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952) was King of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions from 11 December 1936 until his death. ... Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, later Queen Elizabeth (Elizabeth Angela Marguerite; 4 August 1900 – 30 March 2002), was the Queen Consort of King George VI of the United Kingdom and the British Dominions from 1936 until his death in 1952. ... Nickname: Motto: Don de Dieu feray valoir (I shall put Gods gift to good use; the Don de Dieu was Champlains ship) Coordinates: , Country Province Agglomeration Quebec City Statute of the city Capitale-Nationale Administrative Region Capitale-Nationale Founded 1608 by Samuel de Champlain Constitution date 1833 Government... For other uses, see Vancouver (disambiguation). ... A 4-6-4 locomotive, in the Whyte notation for the classification of steam locomotives, has four leading wheels (generally arranged in a leading truck), six coupled driving wheels and four trailing wheels (often but not always in a trailing truck). ... Montreal Locomotive Works builders plate, 1913 Montreal Locomotive Works (MLW) was a Canadian railway locomotive manufacturer which existed under several names from 1883-1985, producing both steam and diesel locomotives. ... A railbuff is a person with a particular interest in railways (or railroads in American English). ... The term Royal Hudson refers to a group of semi-streamlined 4-6-4 Hudson steam locomotives owned by the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) and built by Montreal Locomotive Works (MLW). ...


School cars

Between 1926 and the early 1960s the CPR ran a school car to reach people who lived in Northern Ontario, far from schools. A teacher would travel in a specially designed car to remote areas and would stay to teach in one area for two to three days, then leave for another area. Each car had a blackboard and a few sets of chairs and desks. They also contained miniature libraries. These school cars were useful in spreading education and literacy.


Silver Streak

Major filming for the 1976 movie Silver Streak, a fictional comedy tale of a train trip from Los Angeles to Chicago, was done on the CPR, mainly in the Alberta area with station footage at Toronto's Union Station. The train set was so lightly disguised as the fictional "AMRoad" that the locomotives and cars still carried their original names and numbers, along with the easily-identifiable CP Rail red-striped paint scheme. Most of the cars are still in revenue service on VIA Rail Canada; the lead locomotive is extant in Quebec, but the second unit has been scrapped. Silver Streak is a 1976 comedy film about murder on a Los Angeles to Chicago train trip. ... Flag Seal Nickname: City of Angels Location Location within Los Angeles County in the state of California Coordinates , Government State County California Los Angeles County Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,290. ... For other uses, see Chicago (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Alberta (disambiguation). ... Union Station is a major railway, subway, and streetcar hub at 65 Front Street West between Bay Street and York Street in downtown Toronto. ...


Holiday Train

Starting in 1999, the CPR ran a Holiday Train along its main line during the months of November and December. The Holiday Train celebrates the Christmas season and collects donations for community food banks. The holiday train also provides publicity for the CPR and a few of its customers. A food bank is a place where food, both non-perishable goods and perishable goods like fresh produce, frozen items, and baker products, are offered to nonprofit agencies for distribution to people who may not be able to afford food. ...


Since its launch in 1999, the Holiday Train program has raised more than $2.3 million CAD and 506 tons of food for North American food banks. All donations collected in a community remain in that community for distribution. C$ redirects here. ...


Royal Canadian Pacific

On June 7, 2000, the CPR inaugurated the Royal Canadian Pacific, a luxury excursion service that operates between the months of June and September. It operates along a 1,050 km (650 mile) route from Calgary, through the Columbia River Valley, and Crowsnest Pass, and returning back to Calgary. The trip takes six days and five nights. The train consists of up to eight luxury passenger cars built between 1916 and 1931 and is powered by first-generation diesel locomotives. is the 158th day of the year (159th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday. ... The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river in the Pacific Northwest region of North America. ... For the Municipality of Crowsnest Pass, please see Crowsnest Pass, Alberta Crowsnest Pass (sometimes referred to as Crows Nest Pass) (el. ...


Steam train

Empress 2816 at Sturtevant, Wis., Sept. 1, 2007

In 1998, the CPR repatriated one of its former passenger steam locomotives that had been on static display in the United States following its sale in January 1964, long after the close of the steam era. CPR Hudson 2816 was re-designated Empress 2816 following a 30-month restoration that cost in excess of $1 million. It was subsequently returned to service to promote public relations. It has operated across much of the CPR system, including lines in the United States. It has been used for various charitable purposes, the most significant of which has been to raise awareness of the need to provide children with a nourishing breakfast to aid their learning in school. One hundred percent of the money raised goes to the nation-wide charity Breakfast For Learning — the CPR bears all of the expenses associated with the operation of the train.


Locomotives

Steam locomotives

Countess of Dufferin

In the CPR's early years, it made extensive use of American Standard 4-4-0 steam locomotives and example of this is the Countess of Dufferin. Later, considerable use was also made of the 4-6-0 type for passenger and 2-8-0 type for freight. The Countess of Dufferin was the first steam locomotive to operate in the Canadian prairie provinces. ... Atlantic, Mississippi and Ohio Railroad #87, delivered 1873-10-27 from the Mason Machine Works of Taunton, Massachusetts. ... One of the last mainline steam locomotives built in the UK: British Railways Standard Class 9F 2-10-0 no. ... The Countess of Dufferin was the first steam locomotive to operate in the Canadian prairie provinces. ... A Finnish 4-6-0, built by Tampella in 1915 In the Whyte notation, a 4-6-0 is a railroad steam locomotive that has a two-axle leading truck followed by three driving axles. ... A Chinese-built 2-8-0 on display at the National Railroad Museum in Green Bay, WI, April 26, 2004. ...


Starting in the 20th century, the CPR bought and built hundreds of Ten-Wheeler type 4-6-0s for passenger and freight service and similar quantities of 2-8-0s and 2-10-2s for freight. 2-10-2s were also used in passenger service on mountain routes. The CPR bought hundreds of 4-6-2 Pacifics between 1906 and 1948 with later versions being true dual purpose passenger and fast freight locomotives. A Finnish 4-6-0, built by Tampella in 1915 In the Whyte notation, a 4-6-0 is a railroad steam locomotive that has a two-axle leading truck followed by three driving axles. ... A Chinese-built 2-8-0 on display at the National Railroad Museum in Green Bay, WI, April 26, 2004. ... This 2-10-2 locomotive is a Pennsylvania Railroad class N1s. ... Blue Mountain and Reading Railroad 425 gets ready for the days tourist train in 1993. ...


The CPR built hundreds of its own locomotives at its shops in Montreal, first at the New Shops as the DeLorimer shops were commonly referred to and at the massive Angus Shops that replaced them in 1904. For other meanings of CPR, see CPR (disambiguation). ...


Some of the CPR's best-known locomotives were the 4-6-4 Hudsons. First built in 1929 they began a new era of modern locomotives with capabilities that changed how transcontinental passenger trains ran, eliminating frequent changes en route. What once took 24 changes of engines in 1886, all of them 4-4-0s except for two of 2-8-0s in the mountains, for 2,883 miles (4,640 km) between Montreal and Vancouver became 8 changes. The 2800s (Twenty Eight Hundreds) as the Hudson type was known, ran from Toronto to Fort William a distance of 811 miles (1,306 km), while another lengthy engine district was from Winnipeg to Calgary 832 miles (1,338 km). A 4-6-4 locomotive, in the Whyte notation for the classification of steam locomotives, has four leading wheels (generally arranged in a leading truck), six coupled driving wheels and four trailing wheels (often but not always in a trailing truck). ...


Especially notable were the semi-streamlined H1 class Royal Hudson, locomotives that were given their name because one of their class hauled the Royal Train carrying King George VI and Queen Elizabeth on the 1939 Royal Tour across Canada without change or failure. That locomotive, No. 2850, is preserved in the Exporail exhibit hall of the Canadian Railway Museum in St. Constant (Delson) Quebec. One of the class, No. 2860, was restored by the British Columbia government and used in excursion service on the British Columbia Railway between 1974 and 1999. A streamliner is any vehicle that incorporates streamlining to produce a shape that provides less resistance to air, and is more pleasing to the eye. ... The Canadian Railway Museum is a transportation museum in Saint-Constant, Quebec that has the largest collection of railway equipment (140 railway vehicles) in Canada. ... Motto: Splendor sine occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Official languages English (de facto) Government Lieutenant-Governor Steven Point Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Federal representation in Canadian Parliament House seats 36 Senate seats 6 Confederation July 20, 1871 (6th province) Area  Ranked 5th Total 944... The British Columbia Railway (BCR; AAR railway that operated in the Canadian province of British Columbia. ...

CPR Selkirk locomotive No. 5915.

In 1929, the CPR received its first 2-10-4 Selkirk locomotives, the largest steam locomotives to run in Canada and the British Empire. Named after the Selkirk Mountains where they served, these locomotives were well suited for steep grades. They were regularly used in passenger and freight service. The CPR would own 37 of these locomotives, including number 8000, an experimental high pressure engine. The last steam locomotives that the CPR received, in 1949, were Selkirks, numbered 5930–5935. Canadian Pacific Railway class T1a Selkirk locomotive (2-10-4) #5915 photographed at Banff, Alberta, August 4, 1938 by Otto Perry. ... Canadian Pacific Railway class T1a Selkirk locomotive (2-10-4) #5915 photographed at Banff, Alberta, August 4, 1938 by Otto Perry. ... ATSF 2-10-4 #5000 Madame Queen awaiting an eastbound train at Ricardo, New Mexico in March, 1943. ... T1a Selkirk at Banff, Alberta in 1938. ...


Diesel locomotives

CP passenger train heading east towards Calgary about 1973

In 1937, the CPR acquired its first diesel-electric locomotive, a custom built one-of-a-kind switcher numbered 7000. This locomotive was not successful and was not repeated. Production model diesels were imported from American Locomotive Company (Alco) starting with five model S-2 yard switchers in 1943 and followed by further orders. In 1949 Alco FA1 road locomotives (8 A and 4 B units) and 5 RS-2 road switchers were all delivered. In 1948 Montreal Locomotive Works began production of Alco designs. This article is about the Canadian city. ... Great Western Railway No. ... Alco and ALCO redirect here. ... The ALCO FA was a family of B-B diesel locomotives designed to haul freight trains. ... Montreal Locomotive Works builders plate, 1913 Montreal Locomotive Works (MLW) was a Canadian railway locomotive manufacturer which existed under several names from 1883-1985, producing both steam and diesel locomotives. ...


In 1949, the CPR acquired 13 Baldwin locomotives for its isolated Esquimalt and Nanaimo Railway, and Vancouver Island was quickly dieselized. Following that successful experiment, the CPR started to dieselise its main network. Dieselization was completed eleven years later, with its last steam locomotive running on November 6, 1960. The CPR's first-generation locomotives were mostly made by General Motors Diesel and Montreal Locomotive Works, (American Locomotive Company designs), with some made by the Canadian Locomotive Company to Baldwin and Fairbanks Morse designs. CP was the first railway in North America to pioneer AC traction diesel-electric locomotives, in 1984. In 1995 CP turned to General Electric GE Transportation Systems for the first production AC traction locomotives in Canada, and now has the highest percentage of AC locomotives in service of all North American Class I railways. As of early 2007, 578 of the CPR's 1,669 locomotives are AC. Baldwin Locomotive Works builders plate, 1922 The Baldwin Locomotive Works was an American builder of railroad locomotives. ... is the 310th day of the year (311th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... General Motors Diesel Limited is a railroad diesel locomotive manufacturer. ... Montreal Locomotive Works builders plate, 1913 Montreal Locomotive Works (MLW) was a Canadian railway locomotive manufacturer which existed under several names from 1883-1985, producing both steam and diesel locomotives. ... Alco and ALCO redirect here. ... The Canadian Locomotive Company in Kington, Ontario had its beginnings with a number of predecessor businesses. ... Baldwin Locomotive Works builders plate, 1922 The Baldwin Locomotive Works was an American builder of railroad locomotives. ... An April, 1950 print advertisement for Fairbanks-Morse opposed piston engines. ... City lights viewed in a motion blurred exposure. ... GE Transportation Systems, formerly known as GE Rail, is a division of General Electric Infrastructure (which also includes GE Aircraft Engine). ...


Roster

  • MLW
    • FA-1
    • FPA-2
    • RSD-17
    • RSD-8
    • RSD-2
    • RS-23
    • Boosters
    • C-424
    • Hump Braking Unit (based on GP9)
    • C-630M
    • M-630
    • S-3
    • RS10
    • S-11m
    • M-636
    • M-640
    • RS18, RS18u
    • H24-66 or MLW RSD-17
  • CLC
    • 44H44A1
    • H16-44
    • H24-66
    • CFA16-4
    • CFB16-4
    • CPA16-4
    • CPB16-4
  • BLW
    • DRS4-4-1000
    • DS4-4-1000

Electro-Motive Diesel, Inc. ... An EMD SD40 is a 6-axle diesel locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division between January 1966 and December 1971. ... A Montana Rail Link SD40-2. ... A Montana Rail Link SD40-2. ... CP SD40-2F 9011 in Chalk River, ON The EMD SD40-2F was a 3,000 hp (2,250 kW) C-C diesel locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division. ... Soo Line 6022, an EMD SD 60, pulls a train through Wisconsin Dells, WI, 20 June 2004. ... Soo Line 6022, an EMD SD 60, pulls a train through Wisconsin Dells, WI, 20 June 2004. ... The EMD SD90MAC is a 6000 horsepower (4. ... The EMD SD90MAC is a 6000 horsepower (4. ... For other meanings, see Slug (disambiguation) Cabless slug Cabbed slug A railroad slug is an accessory to a locomotive. ... Union Pacific UPY 1338. ... The EMD MP15AC was a 1,500 hp (1,120 kW) diesel switcher/road-switcher locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division between August 1975 and August 1984. ... An EMD GP40 is a 4-axle diesel locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division between November 1965 and December 1971. ... An EMD SD7 is a 6-axle diesel locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division between February 1952 and November 1953. ... An EMD GP39-2 is a 4-axle diesel locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division between 1974 and 1984. ... Rock Island E8 #652, operated by Midland Railway of Baldwin City, Kansas. ... General Motors Diesel Limited is a railroad diesel locomotive manufacturer. ... An EMD SD40 is a 6-axle diesel locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division between January 1966 and December 1971. ... A Santa Fe Railroad GP35 painted in the short-lived SPSF livery. ... BN 251 working the yard in Eola, Illinois. ... Union Pacific UPY 1069, a SW1500 equipped with Flexicoil trucks for higher speed service. ... A pair of I&M Rail Link SW900s An EMD SW900 is a diesel switcher locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division between January 1954 and November 1965. ... An EMD SW8 is a diesel switcher locomotive manufactured by General Motors Electro-Motive Division between September 1950 and January 1954. ... An EMD SW9 is a diesel switcher locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division between December 1950 and December 1953. ... A Canadian National Railway GP9 leads a train up Yellowhead Pass. ... Illinois Terminal Railroad 1605, preserved in operational condition at the Illinois Railway Museum. ... An EMD GP40 is a 4-axle diesel locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division between November 1965 and December 1971. ... An HO scale (1:87) model of a GP40-2, painted as Chessie System GM50. ... CC 2008, a GP38, leads a westbound train through northern Illinois in 1993. ... An EMD GP39-2 is a 4-axle diesel locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division between 1974 and 1984. ... St. ... The EMD FP9 was a 1,750 hp, B-B dual-service passenger and freight-hauling diesel locomotive produced between February 1954 and December 1959 by General Motors Electro-Motive Division. ... A pair of I&M Rail Link SW900s An EMD SW900 is a diesel switcher locomotive built by General Motors Electro-Motive Division between January 1954 and November 1965. ... D&RGW F9 #5771, 1960. ... D&RGW F7 #5634 in 1950. ... Montreal Locomotive Works builders plate, 1913 Montreal Locomotive Works (MLW) was a Canadian railway locomotive manufacturer which existed under several names from 1883-1985, producing both steam and diesel locomotives. ... The ALCO FA was a family of B-B diesel locomotives designed to haul freight trains. ... The ALCO FA was a family of B-B diesel locomotives designed to haul freight trains. ... MidContinent Railway #7, a S-1, rests between trains on October 10, 2004. ... Categories: | | ... The Canadian Locomotive Company in Kington, Ontario had its beginnings with a number of predecessor businesses. ... Canadian Pacific Railroad #8555, an FM H-16-44 road switcher, passes through Calgary, Alberta in April, 1975. ... Chicago, Milwaukee, St. ... GE Transportation Systems, formerly known as GE Rail, is a division of General Electric Infrastructure (which also includes GE Aircraft Engine). ... The GE AC4400CW is a 4,400 horsepower diesel locomotive built by GE Transportation Systems between 1993 and 2004. ... New BNSF ES44DC #7663 at Commerce, California on February 21, 2005. ... RailPower Technologies TSX: P is a Canadian company that builds environmentally friendly hybrid yard locomotives, founded by Frank Donnelly and Gerard Koldyk. ... RailPower Technologies TSX: P is a Canadian company that builds environmentally friendly hybrid yard locomotives, founded by Frank Donnelly and Gerard Koldyk. ... Alco and ALCO redirect here. ... The ALCO S2 and S4 were 1000 hp (750 kW) switcher diesel locomotives produced by ALCO and Canadian licensee Montreal Locomotive Works. ... Baldwin Locomotive Works builders plate, 1922 The Baldwin Locomotive Works was an American builder of railroad locomotives. ...

Rolling stock

  • 1655 locomotives
  • 1000 stand alone double stack well cars
  • 3100 high-capacity covered hopper cars—grain and fertilizer
  • 2897 gondolas
    • 474—steel and concentrate
    • 1553—mill gondola (primarily used in scrap metal service)
    • 306—open coil gondola
    • 531—covered coil gondola
    • 33—covered flat-bottom gondola
  • 1250 high-capacity aluminum coal cars
  • 375 light-weight aluminum multi-level cars
  • 175 high-capacity traverse coil steel cars
  • 620 62-foot high capacity box cars

CPR also has a fleet of 50-foot (15 m) boxcars, insulated boxcars, centrebeam flatcars, 86-foot (26 m) auto parts service boxcars, regular flat cars, and a fleet of tank cars. A modern Diesel locomotive. ...


The Canadian Pacific Railway in Canadian culture

The construction of this railway is celebrated in the popular song by Gordon Lightfoot, Canadian Railroad Trilogy. The story of the railway's construction was most famously told in popular history books by Pierre Berton, The National Dream and The Last Spike, which were adapted into a popular CBC television series called The National Dream. The railway is also the subject of a song by Stompin' Tom Connors, "The Flying CPR". Also both Hank Snow & George Hamilton IV performed the song "Canadian Pacific," written by Ray Griff. The song portrays a ship and rail voyage across Canada travelling Canadian Pacific. Gordon Meredith Lightfoot Jr. ... The Canadian Railroad Trilogy is a song by Gordon Lightfoot which describes the building of the Canadian Pacific Railway. ... Pierre Francis Berton, CC, O.Ont, BA, D.Litt (July 12, 1920 – November 30, 2004) was a noted Canadian author of non-fiction, especially Canadiana and Canadian history, and was a well-known television personality and journalist. ... The National Dream is a 1970 Canadian non-fiction book by Pierre Berton describing the planning and commencement of the Canadian Pacific Railway between 1871 and 1881. ... The Last Spike is a 1971 Canadian non-fiction book by Pierre Berton describing the construction and completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway between 1881 and 1885. ... Radio-Canada redirects here. ... A television program is the content of television broadcasting. ... The National Dream was a 1974 Canadian television docudrama miniseries based on Pierre Bertons 1970 book of the same name, plus Bertons 1971 follow-up book The Last Spike. ... Charles Thomas Stompin Tom Connors OC (born February 9, 1936) is one of Canadas most prolific and well-known folk singers. ... Clarence Eugene Snow (May 9, 1914 – December 20, 1999), better known as Hank Snow, was a Hall of Fame country music singer and songwriter. ... George Hamilton IV (born July 19, 1937 in Winston-Salem, North Carolina) is an American country musician, known across the world for singles like Before This Day Ends and Abilene. He began performing in the late 1950s as a teen idol, only later switching to pop-country, then folk music. ...


A Canadian Pacific locomotive was used in a 1996 episode of Due South called "All the Queen's Horses" co-starring Leslie Nielsen. In that episode a Manitoba-to-Chicago bound train is taken over by terrorists. Due South is an award-winning Canadian television police drama created by Paul Haggis and produced by Alliance Communications (now part of Alliance Atlantis), first aired in 1994. ... Leslie William Nielsen OC (born February 11, 1926) is a Canadian born American comedian and actor. ...


The formation of the Canadian Pacific Railway was voted as the second most important event in forming Canada as a country by a survey of Canadians in 2004.[citation needed]


The Arrogant Worms, in their song "The Last Saskatchewan Pirate", recounts that before the narrator became a pirate, he was a farmer with land along the CP Line. The Arrogant Worms are a Canadian musical comedy trio that parodies many musical genres. ... The Arrogant Worms is a Canadian musical comedy trio seemingly dedicated to parodying every musical genre in existence. ...


References

Notes

  1. ^ The Top 200: Canada's Largest Companies (c1973-74). Western Libraries at The University of Western Ontario (2008). Retrieved on 2008-04-08.
  2. ^ Goldfarb, Jeffrey; Reuters. "CP Rail to Buy DM&E For At Least $1.5 Billion", nytimes.com, 2007-09-05. Retrieved on 2007-09-05. 
  3. ^ a b c CP Rail (2007-09-04). "Canadian Pacific announces agreement to acquire DM&E Railroad". Press release. Retrieved on 2007-09-05.
  4. ^ Investor Fact Sheet. CP Rail (2007-09-04). Retrieved on 2007-09-05.
  5. ^ Canadian Pacific Railway (2007-10-04). "Canadian Pacific completes acquisition of DM&E Railroad". Press release. Retrieved on 2007-10-04.
  6. ^ Presenting: A Behind-The-Scenes Look At The Historic Royal York Hotel - One Of Toronto's Crown Jewels (part I)
  7. ^ http://www.broadcasting-history.ca/networks/networks_CNR8.html
  8. ^ http://www.cade-aced.ca/display_publication.php?&i_nImageId=54

2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... April 8 is the 98th day of the year (99th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 247th day of the year (248th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 248th day of the year (249th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For information on Wikipedia press releases, see Wikipedia:Press releases. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar in the 21st century. ... is the 277th day of the year (278th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

Sources

  • Berton, Pierre (1970). The National Dream: The Great Railway, 1871–1881. McClelland and Stewart, Toronto. ISBN 0-7710-1326-4. 
  • Berton, Pierre (1971). The Last Spike. McClelland and Stewart, Toronto. ISBN 0-7710-1327-2. 
  • Canadian Pacific Railway (October 31, 2005), CPR Announces Senior Executive Appointment. Retrieved November 30, 2005.
  • Cruise, David and Alison Griffiths (1988). Lords of the Line. Viking, Markham, Ontario. ISBN 0-670-81437-7. 
  • Innis, Harold A. (1923, 1971). A History of the Canadian Pacific Railway. University of Toronto Press, Toronto. ISBN 0-8020-1704-5. 
  • Leggett, Robert F. (1987). Railways of Canada. Douglas & McIntyre, Vancouver, British Columbia. ISBN 0-88894-581-7. 
  • Sandford, Barrie (1981). The Pictorial History of Railroading in British Columbia. Whitecap Books, Vancouver, British Columbia. ISBN 0-920620-27-2. 
  • The Premier's Funeral (June 11, 1891). The Woodstock Evening Sentinel Review, p. 1.
  • Canadian Pacific Railway 2004 Corporate Profile and Fact Book. Retrieved February 2, 2005.
  • Library and Archives Canada: Special Trains -Kids Site Retrieved January 19, 2008.

The National Dream is a 1970 Canadian non-fiction book by Pierre Berton describing the planning and commencement of the Canadian Pacific Railway between 1871 and 1881. ... The Last Spike is a 1971 Canadian non-fiction book by Pierre Berton describing the construction and completion of the Canadian Pacific Railway between 1881 and 1885. ... is the 304th day of the year (305th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 334th day of the year (335th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 162nd day of the year (163rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1891 (MDCCCXCI) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 33rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ...

See also

// CPR Agincourt Marshalling Yard in Toronto Vancouver, British Columbia Calgary. ... Presidents List of CPR presidents since 1881: 1881-1888 Sir George Stephen, 1st Baron Mount Stephen 1889-1899 Sir William Cornelius Van Horne 1899-1918 Thomas George Shaughnessy, 1st Baron Shaughnessy 1918-1942 Sir Edward Wentworth Beatty 1942-1947 DAlton Cory Coleman 1947-1948 William Neal 1948-1955 William... Unidentified engineers of the Canadian Pacific Railway Survey, 1872 The Canadian Pacific Survey or Canadian Pacific Railway Survey consisted of a large number of distinct geographical surveys conducted during the 1870s and 1880s designed to determine the ideal route of the Canadian Pacific Railway. ... The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) owned several subsidiary railways. ... Canadian Pacific Airlines, also called CP Air, was a Canadian airline that operated from 1942 to 1987. ... Banff Springs Hotel, October, 1929 The Canadian Pacific hotels are a series of hotels across Canada that were originally built by the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR). ... A pair of Ontario Northland diesels work in Hearst, in 2003. ... Les Chemins de Fer Québec-Gatineau (CFQG), in English the Quebec Gatineau Railway (QGR) is the former 450 km long Canadian Pacific Railway line between Quebec City, Trois-Rivières, Laval, Lachute and Gatineau, formerly Hull. ... // GO Transit (AAR reporting marks GOT), officially known as the Greater Toronto Transit Authority (GTTA), is Canadas first, and Ontarios only, interregional public transit system, established to link Toronto with the surrounding regions of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). ... VIA Rails trains travelling by Highway 401 near Brockville, Ontario. ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS) is a Canadian Class I railway operated by the Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ... It has been said that Canadian culture rests solely in the effort to distinguish itself from its southern neighbour, the United States. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... The Canadian Railroad Trilogy is a song by Gordon Lightfoot which describes the building of the Canadian Pacific Railway. ... Gordon Meredith Lightfoot Jr. ... Norman Blake (March 10, 1938- ) is an American folk instrumentalist, singer, and composer. ...

External links

Canadian CPR travel links

The Countess of Dufferin was the first steam locomotive to operate in the Canadian prairie provinces. ... This article is about the region in the United States of America. ... The 1930s were described as an abrupt shift to more radical and conservative lifestyles, as countries were struggling to find a solution to the Great Depression, also known as the [[. In East Asia, the rise of militarism occurred. ... The Bangor and Aroostook Railroad or BAR is a defunct United States railroad company, that formerly operated lines in northern Maine. ... It has been suggested that this article be split into articles entitled Boston and Albany Railroad and Framingham/Worcester Line. ... For the current company, see New York Central Lines LLC. The New York Central Railroad (AAR reporting marks NYC), known simply as the New York Central in its publicity, was a railroad operating in the Northeastern United States. ... 1898 map The Boston and Maine Railroad (AAR reporting marks BM), also known by the abbreviation B&M, was the dominant railroad of the northern New England region of the United States for a century. ... The Central Vermont Railway (AAR reporting mark CV) was a railroad that operated in the New England states of Connecticut, Massachusetts, Vermont, New York, as well as the Canadian province of Quebec. ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS) is a Canadian Class I railway operated by the Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ... The Grand Trunk Railway (GTR) was a railway system which operated in the Canadian provinces of Quebec and Ontario, as well as the American states of Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, New Hampshire, and Vermont. ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS) is a Canadian Class I railway operated by the Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ... 1923 map The Maine Central Railroad was a railroad in central Maine. ... The New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad (AAR reporting mark NH) was a railroad that operated in the northeast United States. ... The Rutland Railroad was a small railroad in the north-eastern United States, primarily in the state of Vermont but extending into the state of New York. ... A Class I railroad in the United States, or a Class I railway (also Class I rail carrier) in Canada, is one of the largest freight railroads, as classified based on operating revenue. ... North American redirects here. ... The high-speed Acela Express in West Windsor, New Jersey. ... The BNSF Railway (AAR reporting marks BNSF), headquartered in Fort Worth, Texas, is one of the four remaining transcontinental railroads and one of the largest railroad networks in North America (only one competitor, the Union Pacific Railroad, is larger in size). ... Union Pacific redirects here. ... CSX redirects here. ... Norfolk Southern Headquarters Norfolk, Virginia. ... The Grand Trunk Corporation is the holding company for the Canadian National Railways properties in the United States, but the Association of American Railroads has considered it to be a Class I railroad since fiscal year 2002. ... The Kansas City Southern Railway (AAR reporting mark KCS) is a United States-based Class I railroad operating over 3,130 track miles in 10 central and southeastern states. ... Categories: Rail stubs | Defunct railroad companies of the United States | Illinois railroads | Michigan railroads | Minnesota railroads | North Dakota railroads | South Dakota railroads | Wisconsin railroads ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS) is a Canadian Class I railway operated by the Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ... VIA Rails trains travelling by Highway 401 near Brockville, Ontario. ... Ferromex, a contraction of Ferrocarril Mexico or Mexican Railroad, is a private rail consortium that operates the largest railroad by mileage in Mexico. ... Kansas City Southern de México (KCSM), formerly Transportación Ferroviaria Mexicana (Mexican Rail Transportation), is the name of a company dedicated to freight transportation using rail in the North Eastern part of Mexico. ... The Kansas City Southern Railway (AAR reporting mark KCS) is a United States-based Class I railroad operating over 3,130 track miles in 10 central and southeastern states. ... As of 2004 a Class I railroad in the United States has an operating revenue exceeding $277. ... As of 2004, a Class II railroad in the United States has an operating revenue greater than $20. ... The Buckingham Branch Railroad is a typical example of a Class III shortline in Virginia. ... A short line is an independent railroad company that operates over a relatively short distance. ... There arergwertwertert[1] Kyle Railroad (KYLE) [2] Missouri and Northern Arkansas Railroad (MNA) [3] Montana Rail Link (MRL) [4] Montreal, Maine and Atlantic Railway (MMA) [5] Nebraska, Kansas and Colorado RailNet (NKCR) New York, Susquehanna and Western Railway (NYSW) [6] Northern Plains Railroad Paducah and Louisville Railway (PAL) [7] Palouse... This is an incomplete list. ... ... For other uses, see Train (disambiguation). ... Rapid transit was first introduced in Canada with the opening of the Toronto subway in 1954, built by the Toronto Transportation Commission (now the Toronto Transit Commission, or the TTC). ... The Montreal Metro is the main form of public transportation within the city of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. ... The Toronto subway and RT is the main rapid transit (RT) railway system in Toronto, Ontario, Canada operated by the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC). ... The SkyTrain is a two-line urban mass transit system in Metro Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. ... Calgary Transit recently introduced new SD-160 vehicles to complement the aging original trains. ... An Edmonton LRT train at Health Sciences Station. ... The O-Train was introduced in 2001 as a pilot project for light-rail service in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada, which had long depended exclusively on busways for its high-grade transit service (see Ottawa Rapid Transit). ... The Toronto streetcar system comprises eleven streetcar (tram) routes in Toronto, Ontario, Canada operated by the Toronto Transit Commission (TTC), the municipal public transit operator. ... VIA Rails trains travelling by Highway 401 near Brockville, Ontario. ... A pair of Ontario Northland diesels work in Hearst, in 2003. ... The Canadian National Railway (CN; AAR reporting marks CN, CNA, CNIS) is a Canadian Class I railway operated by the Canadian National Railway Company headquartered in Montreal, Quebec. ... The Quebec North Shore and Labrador Railway is a Canadian regional railway that stretches 357 miles (575 kilometres) through the wilderness of northeastern Quebec and western Labrador. ... ‹ The template below (Expand) is being considered for deletion. ... Tshiuetin Rail Transportation is a Canadian short line railway that stretches 134 miles (217 kilometres) through the wilderness of western Labrador and northeastern Quebec. ... The White Pass and Yukon Route (WP&Y, WP&YR) (AAR reporting marks WPY) is a narrow gauge railroad linking the port of Skagway, Alaska with Whitehorse, the capital of Canadas Yukon Territory. ... The Keewatin Railway Company is a First Nations-owned rail line that operates in Northern Manitoba, between The Pas, and Pukatawagan. ... Amtrak Cascades consist in Portland, Oregon. ... A Virginia Railway Express locomotive in push-pull commuter service (www. ... // GO Transit (AAR reporting marks GOT), officially known as the Greater Toronto Transit Authority (GTTA), is Canadas first, and Ontarios only, interregional public transit system, established to link Toronto with the surrounding regions of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). ... The Agence métropolitaine de transport (AMT) or (English: Metropolitan Transportation Agency) (AAR reporting marks AMT) is the umbrella organization that plans, integrates, and coordinates public transportation services across Canadas Greater Montreal Region, including the Island of Montreal, Laval (Île Jésus), and communities along both the North Shore... The West Coast Express at Waterfront Station. ... The first paddlewheel steamboat used on the Upper Fraser River was the Enterprise. ... The Skeena River is British Columbia’s fastest flowing waterway, often rising as much as 17 feet in a day and can fluctuate as much as sixty feet between high and low water. ... The Beaver The Beaver was the first steamship to operate in the Pacific Northwest of North America. ... The Charlotte sternwheeler was built in 1896 by Alexander Watson for the Northern British Columbia Navigation Company. ... The City of Ainsworth was a paddle steamer sternwheeler that worked on Kootenay Lake in British Columbia, Canada from 1892 to 1898. ... The Skuzzy sternwheeler was built by Canadian Pacific Railway contractor Andrew Onderdonk at Spuzzum, British Columbia and was launched on the Fraser River on May 4, 1882. ... The Puget Sound Navigation Company (PSNC) operated a fleet of ferries on Puget Sound and the Strait of Georgia in British Columbia and Washington as Black Ball Line. ... An eastbound CPR freight at Stoney Creek Bridge in Rogers Pass. ... A Great Northern train pauses for the photographer four miles west of Minot, North Dakota in 1914. ... The Puget Sound Navigation Company (PSNC) operated a fleet of ferries on Puget Sound and the Strait of Georgia in British Columbia and Washington as Black Ball Line. ... John Deighton (November 1830 – May 29, 1875), generally known as Gassy Jack, was a Canadian bar owner who was born in Hull, England. ... William Moore was a steamship captain, businessman, miner and explorer in British Columbia and Alaska. ... This is a listing of Royal Navy ships that are part of the history of the Pacific Northwest. ... British Columbia Ferry Services Inc. ... The Alaska Marine Highway or the Alaska Marine Highway System (AMHS) is a ferry service that is operated by the government of the state of Alaska in the United States. ... The Puget Sound Navigation Company (PSNC) operated a fleet of ferries on Puget Sound and the Strait of Georgia in British Columbia and Washington as Black Ball Line. ... The U.S. state of Washington runs the largest fleet of passenger and automobile ferries in the United States and the third largest in the world. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Canadian Pacific Railway (226 words)
Competition for the lucrative contract for the railway was bitter, and disclosure of methods used by Sir Hugh ALLAN to secure the charter led to the defeat of Sir John A. MACDONALD's government in 1873 (see PACIFIC SCANDAL).
Macdonald returned to power in 1878, with the completion of the railway as one facet of his National Policy, and the contract was finally awarded to interests led by Donald A. Hill and George STEPHEN.
Smith was an enthusiastic supporter of the Canadian Pacific Railway, and his financial backing was essential to its progress (courtesy Library and Archives Canada/C-3841).
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