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Encyclopedia > Canadian First Army
Canadian Forces Land Force Command
History
History of the Canadian Army
Canadian Corps
Canadian First Army
Military History of Canada
Structure
Structure of the Canadian Army
Land Force Atlantic Area
Land Force Quebec Area
Land Force Central Area
Land Force Western Area
List of Regiments

The Canadian First Army was the overall command for the Canadian military forces in Europe during World War II. Canadian Forces Land Force Command (LFC) is responsible for army operations within the Canadian Armed Forces. ... Image File history File links Canadian_Army_Flag. ... Badge of the Army before 1998 // Formation Prior to the Confederation of Canada in 1867, the British Army provided the defence of Canada, although many Canadians served with the British in various conflicts including the American Revolutionary War and the War of 1812. ... The Canadian Corps was a World War I Canadas soldiers in September of 1915 after the arrival of the 2nd Canadian Division in France. ... The military history of Canada comprises millennia of armed actions in the territory encompassing modern Canada, and the role of the Canadian military in conflicts and peacekeeping worldwide. ... The Canadian Army is, strictly speaking, not an independent formation; rather it is the land component of Canadas integrated defence forces; as such its proper name is the Canadian Forces Land Force Command. ... Land Force Atlantic Area is responsible for army operations of Canadian Forces Land Force Command in the Canadian provinces of New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, and Prince Edward Island. ... Land Force Quebec Area (LFQA) is responsible for all Canadian army operations and administration in the region within the province of Quebec. ... Land Force Central Area (LFCA) is responsible for all Canadian army operations and administration in the province of Ontario, from the Quebec border to the northern Lakehead region. ... Land Force Western Area is responsible for all Canadian army operations and administration in western Canada from the northern Lakehead region of Ontario to the Pacific Ocean. ... The following is a current list of regiments of the Canadian Land Forces Command as of 2005. ... Combatants Allies: Poland, British Commonwealth, France/Free France, Soviet Union, United States, China, and others Axis Powers: Germany, Italy, Japan, and others Casualties Military dead: 17 million Civilian dead: 33 million Total dead: 50 million Military dead: 8 million Civilian dead: 4 million Total dead: 12 million World War II...


It was formed in early 1942 to command two corps composed of the three infantry divisions, two armoured divisions, and two armoured brigades that had assembled in England. At first under the command of General A.G.L. "Andy" McNaughton, in 1944 General H. D. G. "Harry" Crerar took charge. Units of the army led the ill-fated Dieppe Raid (the 4th and 6th Brigades of the 2nd Infantry Division and many other units) and participated in the invasion of Sicily and mainland Italy, (1st Infantry Division) subordinated to the British Eighth Army and thus for a time not part of the Canadian First Army. This article is about the year. ... A corps (a word that immigrated from the French language, pronounced IPA: , but originating in the Latin corpus, corporis meaning body; plural same as singular) is either a large military unit or formation, an administrative grouping of troops within an army with a common function (such as artillery or signals... Bold Bold texttext,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,vvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvMedia:Example. ... A division is a large military unit or formation usually consisting of around 10,000 soldiers. ... The Armoured Brigade (Panssariprikaati) is a Finnish Army unit. ... Royal motto (French): Dieu et mon droit (Translated: God and my right) Englands location (dark green) within the British Isles Languages None official English de facto Capital None official London de facto Largest city London Area – Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population – Total (mid-2004) – Total (2001... Andrew George Latta McNaughton, PC (February 25, 1887 - July 11, 1966) was a Canadian army officer, politician and diplomat. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... General Henry Duncan Graham Crerar CH CB DSO KStJ CD (April 28, 1888 - April 1, 1965) was a Canadian general and the countrys leading field commander in World War II. Born in Hamilton, Ontario, he died at Ottawa, Ontario. ... Dieppes chert beach and cliff immediately following the raid on 19 August 1942. ... Sicilian redirects here. ... The Eighth Army was one of the best-known formations in World War II, fighting in the campaigns in North Africa and Italy. ...

1st Canadian Army generals in Hilversum, the Netherlands, on May 20, 1945
1st Canadian Army generals in Hilversum, the Netherlands, on May 20, 1945

The First Canadian Army was international in character. In addition to II Canadian Corps (which included the 2nd and 3rd Canadian Infantry Divisions and the 4th Canadian Armoured Division), the 1st British Corps, and the 1st Polish Armoured Division, at various times American, Belgian, and Dutch soldiers were also included as units. The First Canadian Army in northwestern Europe during the final phases of the war was a powerful force, the largest army that had ever been under the control of a Canadian general. The strength of this army ranged from approximately 105,000 to 175,000 Canadian soldiers to anywhere from 200,000 to over 450,000 when including the soldiers from other nations. Image File history File links 1st_Canadian_generals. ... Image File history File links 1st_Canadian_generals. ... is a municipality and a town in the Netherlands, in the province of North Holland. ... May 20 is the 140th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (141st in leap years). ... 1945 (MCMXLV) was a common year starting on Monday (the link is to a full 1945 calendar). ... List of military divisions — List of Canadian divisions in WWII Units of the Canadian 2nd Infantry Division were mobilized on 1 September 1939, even before the declaration of war, and the battalions were promptly fleshed out by volunteers. ... List of military divisions — List of Canadian divisions in WWII The formation of the Canadian 3rd Infantry Division was authorized on 17 May 1940. ... Symbol of the Polish 1st Legions Infantry Division in NATO code A division is a large military unit or formation usually consisting of around ten to fifteen thousand soldiers. ... List of military divisions — List of Canadian divisions in WWII The Canadian 4th Armoured Division was created by conversion of 4th Canadian Infantry Division at the beginning of 1942 in United Kingdom in August and October. ... (Redirected from 1st Polish Armoured Division) Polish 1 Dywizja Pancerna) was an Allied military unit during World War II, created in February 1942 in Scotland. ...


The Army proper first went into action in the battle of Normandy, with the headquarters becoming operational on 23 July 1944. After conducting attacks on Falaise and helping close the Falaise pocket, the First Army moved along the coast towards Belgium, with the Canadian 2nd Division entering Dieppe at the beginning of September. The critical Battle of the Scheldt in October and November opened Antwerp to Allied shipping. Combatants Allied Powers Nazi Germany Commanders Dwight D. Eisenhower (Supreme Allied Commander) Bernard Montgomery (land) Bertram Ramsay (sea) Trafford Leigh-Mallory (air) Gerd von Rundstedt (OB WEST) Erwin Rommel (Heeresgruppe B) Strength 326,000 (by June 11) Unknown Casualties 53,700 dead, 18,000 missing, 155,000 wounded About 200... July 23 is the 204th day (205th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian Calendar, with 161 days remaining. ... 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (the link is to a full 1944 calendar). ... Falaise is the name of several communes in France: Falaise, in the Ardennes département Falaise, in the Calvados département This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... During World War II, the Falaise pocket (also known as the Chambois pocket, Chambois-Montcormel pocket, Falaise-Chambois pocket and in French: Poche de Falaise) was the area between the four cities of Trun-Argentan-Vimoutiers-Chambois near Falaise, France, in which Allied forces tried to encircle and destroy the... Dieppe is a town and commune in the Seine-Maritime département of Haute-Normandie (eastern Normandy), France. ... Combatants Canada, Britain, Poland Germany Commanders Guy Simonds (acting) (First Canadian Army) Gustav-Adolf von Zangen (German 15th Army) Strength ? ? Casualties 12,873 total; 6,367 Canadian ? The Battle of the Scheldt was a military operation which took place in northern Belgium and south-western Netherlands during the Second World... The Cathedral of our Lady (Onze-Lieve-Vrouwekathedraal, Antwerp) in the Handschoenmarkt, in the old quarter of Antwerp is the largest cathedral in the Low Countries and home to a number of triptychs by Belgian Baroque painter Rubens. ...


The First Army held a static line along the Maas from December through February, then launched Operation Veritable in early February, cracking the Siegfried Line and reaching the banks of the Rhine in early March. The Meuse(Maas) at Maastricht Length 925 km Elevation of the source 409 m Average discharge 230 m³/s Area watershed 36 000 km² Origin France Mouth Hollands Diep Basin countries France - Belgium - Netherlands The Meuse (Dutch Maas) is a large European river rising in France, flowing through Belgium and... Operation Veritable was the northern part of the Second World War pincer movement by General Bernard Montgomerys 21st Army Group to clear the land between the Rhine and Roer rivers. ... The Battle of the Siegfried Line was one of the final Allied campaigns1 of World War II of the Western European Campaign and details the fights on and around the Siegfried Line. ... Loreley At 1,320 kilometres (820 miles) and an average discharge of more than 2,000 cubic meters per second, the Rhine (German Rhein, French Rhin, Dutch Rijn, Romansch: Rein, Italian: Reno) is one of the longest and most important rivers in Europe. ...


In the final weeks of the war in Europe, the First Army cleared the Netherlands of German forces. By this time the First Division and Fifth (Armoured) Division as well as First Armoured Brigade had returned to the Army during Operation GOLDFLAKE and for the first time, both the I Canadian Corps and II Canadian Corps fought under the same Army commander.


External link

  • Veterans Affairs Canada history

External link


  Results from FactBites:
 
Canadian First Army - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (459 words)
Units of the army led the ill-fated Dieppe Raid (the 4th and 6th Brigades of the 2nd Infantry Division and many other units) and participated in the invasion of Sicily and mainland Italy, (1st Infantry Division) subordinated to the British Eighth Army and thus for a time not part of the Canadian First Army.
The First Canadian Army in northwestern Europe during the final phases of the war was a powerful force, the largest army that had ever been under the control of a Canadian general.
The First Army held a static line along the Maas from December through February, then launched Operation Veritable in early February, cracking the Siegfried Line and reaching the banks of the Rhine in early March.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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