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Encyclopedia > Canadian Cascades

The Cascade Range is a mountainous region famous for its chain of tall volcanoes called the High Cascades that run north-south along the west coast of North America from British Columbia through Washington and Oregon to the Shasta Cascade area of Northern California. The small part of the range in British Columbia is called the Cascade Mountains or Canadian Cascades; the former term is also sometimes used by Washington residents to refer to the Washington section of the Cascades. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (3072x2048, 3522 KB) Summary Kelvin Kay user:Kkmd Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (3072x2048, 3522 KB) Summary Kelvin Kay user:Kkmd Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1. ... Mount Rainier is a stratovolcano in Pierce County, Washington, located 54 miles (87 km) southeast of Seattle, Washington, in the United States. ... For other mountains named Mount Jefferson, see Mount Jefferson Mount Jefferson is a possibly extinct stratovolcano in the Cascade Range and is the second-highest mountain in Oregon. ... Official language(s) None Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... A mountain is a landform that extends above the surrounding terrain in a limited area. ... Volcano 1. ... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Official languages English de facto (none stated in law) Flower Pacific dogwood Tree Western Redcedar Bird Stellers Jay Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 36 6 Area... Official language(s) None Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,824 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Official language(s) None Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... The Shasta Cascade region of California is located in the northeastern and north-central sections of the state bordering Oregon and Nevada, north of the Central Valley and the Sierra Nevada mountain range. ... Majestic Mount Shasta (14,179 feet) in the northern part of Northern California. ... Official language(s) None Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,824 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ...


The Cascades are part of the Pacific Ring of Fire, the ring of volcanoes around the Pacific Ocean. All of the known historic eruptions in the contiguous United States have been from Cascade volcanoes. The two most recent were Lassen Peak in 1914 to 1921 and a major eruption of Mount St. Helens in 1980. Minor eruptions of Mount St. Helens have also occurred, most recently in 2005. The Pacific Ring of Fire The Pacific Ring of Fire is a zone of frequent earthquakes and volcanic eruptions encircling the basin of the Pacific Ocean. ... The continental United States refers (except sometimes in U.S. federal law and regulations) to the largest part of the U.S. that is delimited by a continuous border. ... Lassen Peak, in Shasta County, California USA, is the largest single lava dome volcano also known as a plug dome in the world and is the southernmost volcano in the Cascade Range. ... 1914 (MCMXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday. ... 1921 (MCMXXI) was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The 1980 eruption of Mount St. ...

Contents

History

Cascade eruptions in the last 4000 years
Enlarge
Cascade eruptions in the last 4000 years

Native Americans have inhabited the area for thousands of years and developed their own myths and legends concerning the Cascades. According to some of these tales, Mounts Baker, Jefferson, and Shasta were used as refuge from a great flood. Other stories, such as the Bridge of the Gods tale, had various High Cascades such as Hood and Adams, act as god-like chiefs who made war by throwing fire and stone at each other. St. Helens with its pre-1980 graceful appearance, was regaled as a beautiful maiden for whom Hood and Adams feuded. Among the many stories concerning Mount Baker, one tells that the mountain was formerly married to Mount Rainier and lived in that vicinity. Then, because of a marital dispute, she picked herself up and marched north to her present position. Native tribes also developed their own names for the High Cascades and many of the smaller peaks, the most well-known to non-natives being Tahoma, the Lushootseed name for Mount Rainier. An Aani (Atsina) named Assiniboin Boy. ... // The word mythology (Greek: μυθολογία, from μυθος mythos, a story or legend, and λογος logos, an account or speech) literally means the (oral) retelling of myths – stories that a particular culture believes to be true and that use supernatural events or characters to explain the nature of the universe and humanity. ... A legend (Latin, legenda, things to be read) is a narrative of human actions that are perceived both by teller and listeners to take place within human history and to possess certain qualities that give the tale verisimilitude. ... Mount Baker (elevation 10,778 feet, 3,285 m) is a glaciated andesitic stratovolcano in the Cascades of Washington State in the United States about 30 miles (50km) due east of the city of Bellingham, Whatcom County. ... For other mountains named Mount Jefferson, see Mount Jefferson Mount Jefferson is a possibly extinct stratovolcano in the Cascade Range and is the second-highest mountain in Oregon. ... Mount Shasta, a 14,179-foot (4,322 m)[1] stratovolcano, is the second-highest peak in the Cascade Range and the fifth highest peak in California. ... Look up flood in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The original Bridge of the Gods was created by the Bonneville Slide, which dammed the Columbia River (see also Columbia River Gorge) in the modern-day Pacific Northwest of the United States in the eighteenth century. ... Mount Hood is a stratovolcano in northern Oregon, in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. ... Mt. ... A war is a conflict between two or more groups that involve large numbers of individuals. ... Mount St. ... Lushootseed (also xwÉ™lÅ¡ucid, dxwləšúcid, Puget Salish, Puget Sound Salish, Skagit-Nisqually) is the language or dialect continuum of several Salish Native American groups of modern-day Washington state. ... Mount Rainier is a stratovolcano in Pierce County, Washington, located 54 miles (87 km) southeast of Seattle, Washington, in the United States. ...


The legendary and diverse ethnographic history of the Cascade Range is too complex to recount here, except to say that the spine of the range forms the divide between the Interior Salish and Coast Salish language groupings, and mythographically between the realm of Coyote on the east and that of the Transformers and the spirit-world of the Coast on the west.


Legends associated with the great volcanoes are many, as well as with other peaks and geographical features of the range, including its many hot springs and waterfalls and rock towers and other formations. Stories of Tahoma - today Mount Rainier and the namesake of Tacoma, Washington - allude to great, hidden grottos with sleeping giants, apparitions and other marvels in the volcanoes of Washington, and Mount Shasta in California has long been well-known for its associations with everything from Lemurians to aliens to elves and, as everywhere in the Cascades, Sasquatch or Bigfoot. Mount Rainier is a stratovolcano in Pierce County, Washington, located 54 miles (87 km) southeast of Seattle, Washington, in the United States. ... Nickname: The City of Destiny Location of Tacoma in Pierce County and Washington State County Pierce Mayor Bill Baarsma (NP) Area    - City 162. ... Official language(s) None Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,824 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Mount Shasta, a 14,179-foot (4,322 m)[1] stratovolcano, is the second-highest peak in the Cascade Range and the fifth highest peak in California. ... Lemuria is the name of a hypothetical lost land variously located in the Indian and Pacific Oceans. ... Sasquatch can refer to different topics: A Sasquatch is another name for Bigfoot. ... Bigfoot, also known as Sasquatch, is believed by some to be an ape-like cryptid and by others to be the product of imagination. ...


In the spring of 1792 British navigator George Vancouver entered Puget Sound and started to give English names to the high mountains he saw. Mount Baker was named for Vancouver's third lieutenant, the graceful Mount St. Helens for a famous diplomat, Mount Hood was named in honor of Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood (an admiral of the Royal Navy) and the tallest Cascade, Mount Rainier, is the namesake of Admiral Peter Rainier. Vancouver's expedition did not, however, name the range these peaks belonged to. As marine trade in the Strait of Georgia and Puget Sound proceeded in the 1790s and beyond, the summits of Rainier and Baker became familiar to captains and crews (mostly British and American over all others, but not exclusively). 1792 was a leap year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... A statue of George Vancouver outside of Vancouver City Hall in Vancouver, British Columbia. ... Puget Sound Puget Sound (pronounced IPA ) is a sound connected to the Pacific Ocean via the Strait of Juan de Fuca in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Mount Baker (elevation 10,778 feet, 3,285 m) is a glaciated andesitic stratovolcano in the Cascades of Washington State in the United States about 30 miles (50km) due east of the city of Bellingham, Whatcom County. ... Mount St. ... Mount Hood is a stratovolcano in northern Oregon, in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. ... Admiral Samuel Hood, 1st Viscount Hood, 1724–1816 by James Northcote, painted 1784. ... Admiral is the rank, or part of the name of the ranks, of the highest naval officers. ... The Royal Navy of the United Kingdom is the oldest of the British armed services (and is therefore the Senior Service). ... Mount Rainier is a stratovolcano in Pierce County, Washington, located 54 miles (87 km) southeast of Seattle, Washington, in the United States. ... Peter Rainier, Jr. ... Strait of Georgia at sunset The Strait of Georgia (also known as Georgia Strait and the Gulf of Georgia) is a 240 km (150 mi)-long strait between Vancouver Island (as well as its nearby Gulf Islands) and the mainland Pacific coast of British Columbia, Canada. ... Puget Sound Puget Sound (pronounced IPA ) is a sound connected to the Pacific Ocean via the Strait of Juan de Fuca in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. ... Events and Trends French Revolution (1789 - 1799). ... Mount Rainier is a stratovolcano in Pierce County, Washington, located 54 miles (87 km) southeast of Seattle, Washington, in the United States. ... Mount Baker (elevation 10,778 feet, 3,285 m) is a glaciated andesitic stratovolcano in the Cascades of Washington State in the United States about 30 miles (50km) due east of the city of Bellingham, Whatcom County. ...


In 1805 the Lewis and Clark Expedition passed through the Cascades by using the Columbia River, which for many years was the only practical way to pass that part of the range. Trade on the lower Columbia River, which skirts the southern end of the range, did not occur until after Lewis and Clark in 1806, more specifically as a result of David Thompson's visit on behalf of the Hudson's Bay Company shortly afterwards, and Simon Fraser's journey down the Fraser in 1808. The Lewis and Clark expedition, and the many settlers and traders that followed, met their last obstacle to their journey at the Cascades Rapids in the Columbia River Gorge, a feature on the river now submerged beneath the Bonneville Reservoir. Before long, the great white-capped mountains that loomed above the rapids were called the "mountains by the cascades" and later simply as the "Cascades" (the earliest attested use of this name is in the writings of botanist David Douglas). On their return trip Lewis and Clark's group spotted a high but distant snowy pinnacle that they named for the sponsor of the expedition, U.S. President Thomas Jefferson. 1805 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Lewis and Clark The Lewis and Clark Expedition (1804–1806) was the first started to look like connor hall, he loved sailing while eating donuts. ... Columbia River Gorge, Washington or North side The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river situated in British Columbia and the Pacific Northwest of the United States. ... Columbia River Gorge, Washington or North side The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river situated in British Columbia and the Pacific Northwest of the United States. ... The Lewis and Clark expedition (1804-1806) was the first American overland expedition to the Pacific coast and back. ... David Thompson (April 30, 1770 – February 10, 1857), was an English-Canadian map-maker and explorer. ... The Hudsons Bay Company (HBC) is the oldest commercial corporation in North America and is one of the oldest in the world. ... Simon Fraser has been the name of several prominent North Americans. ... The Fraser River is the longest river in British Columbia, Canada, rising in the Rocky Mountains near Mount Robson and flowing for 1400 km (870 mi), into the Pacific Ocean at the city of Vancouver. ... Cascades Rapids The Cascades Rapids (sometimes called Cascade Falls) is an area of rapids in the Columbia River where travelers by boat along the river were forced to either portage boats and supplies or pull boats up with ropes. ... The Columbia River Gorge is a spectacular canyon of the Columbia River in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. ... Bonneville Lock and Dam is several dam structures that together complete a span of the Columbia River between the US states of Oregon and Washington at River Mile 146. ... Portrait of David Douglas, circa 1825 Coast Douglas-fir cone, from a tree grown from seed collected by David Douglas in 1826 This article is about the botanist. ... The Lewis and Clark expedition (1804-1806) was the first American overland expedition to the Pacific coast and back. ... This article is 150 kilobytes or more in size. ...

Mount Shasta from Siskiyou Trail
Mount Shasta from Siskiyou Trail

Exploration and settlement of the Cascades region by Europeans and Americans was accelerated by the establishment of a major trading post of the Hudson's Bay Company at Fort Vancouver near today's Portland, Oregon. From this base, HBC trapping parties traveled throughout the Cascades in search of beaver and other fur-bearing animals. For example, using what became known as the Siskiyou Trail, HBC trappers were the first non-natives to explore the southern Cascades in the 1820s and 1830s, establishing trails which passed near Crater Lake, Mount McLoughlin, Medicine Lake Volcano, Mount Shasta and Lassen Peak. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1397x748, 362 KB) Mt. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (1397x748, 362 KB) Mt. ... The Siskiyou Trail stretched from Californias Central Valley to Oregons Willamette Valley; modern-day Interstate 5 follows this pioneer path. ... Fort Vancouver Fort Vancouver was a 19th century fur trading outpost along the Columbia River that served as the headquarters of the Hudsons Bay Company in the Oregon Country. ... Nickname: City of Roses, Stumptown, Bridgetown, PDX Location in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: Country United States State Oregon County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Mayor Tom Potter Area    - City 376. ... The Siskiyou Trail stretched from Californias Central Valley to Oregons Willamette Valley; modern-day Interstate 5 follows this pioneer path. ... View from the rim The Old Man of the Lake (with extreme clarity of water apparent) Crater Lake is a lake in the U.S. state of Oregon that is 5 by 6 miles (8 by 9. ... Mount McLoughlin is a stratovolcano in the southern Oregon part of the Cascade Range. ... Penis Pump juice. ... Mount Shasta, a 14,179-foot (4,322 m)[1] stratovolcano, is the second-highest peak in the Cascade Range and the fifth highest peak in California. ... Lassen Peak, in Shasta County, California USA, is the largest single lava dome volcano also known as a plug dome in the world and is the southernmost volcano in the Cascade Range. ...


The course of political history in the Pacific Northwest saw the spine of the Cascade Range being proposed as a boundary settlement during the Oregon Dispute of 1846, which was rejected by the United States which insisted on the 49th Parallel, which cuts across the range just north of Mount Baker. Throughout the period of dispute and up to the creation of the Crown Colony of British Columbia in 1858, the edge of the range along the Columbia and Okanogan Rivers formed the main express route of the Hudson's Bay Company's busy traffic, and passes across the range were used by HBC staff at Forts Nisqually and Puyallup. The vast majority of non-native residents of the Cascade Range region until about 1840 were British subjects, most of mixed French-native blood and some Hawaiians and blacks as well as Scots who were the backbone of Hudson's Bay Company administration. The Pacific Northwest from space This page is about the region that includes parts of Canada and the US. For the US only region, see Northwestern United States The Pacific Northwest (abbreviated PNW, or PacNW) or Cascadia is a region in the northwest of North America. ... The 49th parallel of north latitude forms part of the International Boundary between Canada and the United States from Manitoba to British Columbia on the Canadian side and from Minnesota to Washington on the U.S. side. ... A United Kingdom overseas territory (formerly known as a dependent territory or earlier as a crown colony) is a territory that is under the sovereignty and formal control of the United Kingdom but is not part of the United Kingdom proper (Great Britain and Northern Ireland). ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Official languages English de facto (none stated in law) Flower Pacific dogwood Tree Western Redcedar Bird Stellers Jay Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 36 6 Area... Fort Nisqually is a living history museum located in Tacoma, Washington, USA, within the boundaries of Point Defiance Park. ...


American settlement of the flanks of the Coast Range did not occur until the early 1840s, at first only marginally. Following the Oregon Treaty the inward flux of migration from the Oregon Trail intensified and the passes and back-valleys of what is now the state of Washington were explored and populated, and it was not long after that railways followed. Despite its being traversed by several major freeways and rail lines, and its lower flanks subjected to major logging in recent decades, large parts of the range remain intense and forbidding alpine wilderness. Most of the northern half of the High Cascades, from Rainier north, have been preserved by US national or British Columbia provincial parks (such as E.C. Manning Provincial Park), or other forms of protected area. Map of the lands in dispute The Treaty with Great Britain, in Regard to Limits Westward of the Rocky Mountains, also known as the Oregon Treaty or Treaty of Washington, is a bilateral treaty between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland and the United States that was signed... The Ox Team or the Old Oregon Trail 1852-1906 by Ezra Meeker. ... State nickname: The Evergreen State Other U.S. States Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Governor Christine Gregoire (D) Official languages None Area 184,824 km² (18th)  - Land 172,587 km²  - Water 12,237 km² (6. ... The National Park Service (NPS) is the United States federal agency that manages all National Parks, many National Monuments, and other conservation and historical properties with various title designations. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Official languages English de facto (none stated in law) Flower Pacific dogwood Tree Western Redcedar Bird Stellers Jay Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 36 6 Area... // Alberta Aspen Beach Provincial Park Beauvais Lake Provincial Park Big Hill Springs Provincial Park Big Knife Provincial Park Bow Valley Provincial Park Calling Lake Provincial Park Carson-Pagasus Provincial Park Chain Lakes Provincial Park Cold Lake Provincial Park Crimson Lake Provincial Park Cross Lake Provincial Park Cypress Hills Provincial Park... E.C. Manning Provincial Park is a provincial park in British Columbia, Canada. ...


The Canadian side of the range has a history that includes the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush of 1858-60 and its famous Cariboo Road, as well as the older Hudson's Bay Company Brigade Trail from the Canyon to the Interior, the Dewdney Trail and older routes which connected east to the Similkameen and Okanagan valleys. The Gold Rush of British Columbia occurred after gold was discovered in the Fraser River Valley. ... A portion of the Cariboo Road, circa 1867–1868 The Cariboo Road (also called the Cariboo Wagon Road, the Great North Road or the Queens Highway) was a project initiated in 1862 by the colonial Governor of British Columbia, James Douglas. ... The Hudsons Bay Company (HBC) is the oldest commercial corporation in North America and is one of the oldest in the world. ... The Similkameen River, near Keremeos, BC The Similkameen River runs through southern British Columbia, eventually emptying into the Okanagan River. ... Map of the regional districts that the Okanagan covers The Okanagan is a region located in the Canadian province of British Columbia. ...


The southern mainline of the CPR penetrated the range via the passes of the Coquihalla River, along one of the steepest and snowiest routes in the entire Pacific Cordillera. The railway's roadbed, now decommissioned, is a popular tourist recreation destination, the Othello Tunnels, a hiking and biking trail near Hope, B.C. (waystations along the line were given Shakespearean names by the local CBC administrator). The pass itself is used by BC Highway 5 (Coquihalla Highway), a government megaproject built as part of the Expo 86 spending boom of the 1980s, which is now the main route from the Coast to the British Columbia Interior. Traffic formerly went via the Fraser Canyon, to the west, or via Allison Pass and Manning Park along Highway 3 to the south, near the border. The Coquihalla River, just outside Hope, British Columbia The Coquihalla River is located in the Cascade Mountains near the town of Hope, British Columbia. ... Hope, British Columbia is a community in the province of British Columbia, in Canada, of approximately about 7,000 people located on the banks of the Fraser River and the Coquihalla Rivers, about 200 km Northeast of Vancouver. ... British Columbia provincial highway 5, known locally as the Southern Yellowhead Highway, is a north-south route in the southern part of the province. ... A megaproject is an extremely large scale investment project. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Motto: Splendor Sine Occasu (Latin: Splendour without diminishment) Official languages English de facto (none stated in law) Flower Pacific dogwood Tree Western Redcedar Bird Stellers Jay Capital Victoria Largest city Vancouver Lieutenant-Governor Iona Campagnolo Premier Gordon Campbell (BC Liberal) Parliamentary representation  - House seats  - Senate seats 36 6 Area... View of Fraser Canyon near Fountain, BC View of Fraser Canyon looking upstream from Fountain, B.C. The Fraser Canyon is a stretch of the Fraser River where it descends rapidly through narrow rock gorges in the Coast Mountains enroute from the Interior Plateau of British Columbia to the Fraser... Allison Pass is a highway summit along the Crowsnest Highway in British Columbia, Canada. ... Manning park is located about 50 km southeast of Hope. ...     Crowsnest Highway marker shields. ...

The Barlow Road was the first established land path for U.S. settlers through the Cascade Range in 1845, and formed the final overland link for the Oregon Trail (previously, settlers had to raft down the treacherous rapids of the Columbia River). The Barlow Road left the Columbia at Hood River and passed along the south side of Mt. Hood at Government Camp, terminating in Oregon City. There is an interpretive site there now at "The End of The Oregon Trail." The road was constructed as a toll road - $5/wagon - and was very successful. Lassen Peak As Seen From Cinder Cone (Large Version) Photograph by Brian M. McDaniel, 2003 This is a view of Lassen Peak as seen from the Cinder Cone in Lassen Volcanic Park, California. ... Lassen Peak As Seen From Cinder Cone (Large Version) Photograph by Brian M. McDaniel, 2003 This is a view of Lassen Peak as seen from the Cinder Cone in Lassen Volcanic Park, California. ... Lassen Peak, in Shasta County, California USA, is the largest single lava dome volcano also known as a plug dome in the world and is the southernmost volcano in the Cascade Range. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The Barlow Road was the last overland segment of the Oregon Trail before reaching the Willamette Valley. ... 1845 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Ox Team or the Old Oregon Trail 1852-1906 by Ezra Meeker. ... Columbia River Gorge, Washington or North side The Columbia River (French: fleuve Columbia) is a river situated in British Columbia and the Pacific Northwest of the United States. ...


In addition, the Applegate Trail was created to allow settlers to avoid rafting down the Columbia River. The Applegate Trail used the path of the California Trail to north-central Nevada. From there, the Applegate Trail headed northwest into northern California, and continued northwest towards today's Ashland, Oregon. From there, settlers would head north along the established Siskiyou Trail into the Willamette Valley. The Applegate Trail was a north-south wilderness trail through Oregon Territory. ... Main route of California Trail (thick red line), including Applegate-Lassen and Beckwourth variations (thinner red lines) The California Trail was a major overland emigrant route across the Western United States from Missouri to California in the middle 19th century. ... This article is about the U. S. state of Nevada. ... Coordinates: Country United States State Oregon County Jackson Settled 1852 Mayor John Morrison Area    - City 16. ... The Willamette Valley The Willamette Valley The Willamette Valley is the region in northwest Oregon in the United States that surrounds the Willamette River as it proceeds northward from its emergence from mountains near Eugene to its confluence with the Columbia River. ...


With the exception of the 1915 eruption of remote Lassen Peak in Northern California, the range was quiet for more than a century. Then, on May 18, 1980, the dramatic eruption of little-known Mount St. Helens shattered the quiet and brought the world's attention to the range. Geologists were also concerned that the St. Helens eruption was a sign that long-dormant Cascade volcanoes might become active once more, as in the period from 1800 to 1857 when a total of eight erupted. None have erupted since St. Helens, but precautions are being taken nevertheless, such as the Mount Rainier Volcano Lahar Warning System in Pierce County, Washington.[1] 1915 (MCMXV) was a common year starting on Friday (see link for calendar). ... Lassen Peak, in Shasta County, California USA, is the largest single lava dome volcano also known as a plug dome in the world and is the southernmost volcano in the Cascade Range. ... Majestic Mount Shasta (14,179 feet) in the northern part of Northern California. ... May 18 is the 138th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (139th in leap years). ... 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday. ... Mount St. ... Lahar from a March 1982 eruption of Mount St. ... Pierce County is the second most populous county in the state of Washington. ...


Geography

Mount Rainier, with Tacoma, Washington in foreground
Enlarge
Mount Rainier, with Tacoma, Washington in foreground

At its southern end the range is about 30 to 50 miles (50 to 80 km) wide and 4500 to 5000 feet (1370 to 1520 m) high but is higher and 80 miles (130 km) wide in northern Washington. At its northern apex at Lytton Mountain (2049m) in Canada, near the confluence of the Fraser and Thompson Rivers, the range is only 10 miles wide. The tallest volcanoes of the Cascades (called the High Cascades) dominate the rest of the range, often standing twice the height of the surrounding mountains and thus often have a visual height of a mile (1.6 km) or more. The tallest peaks, such as the 14,411 foot (4392 m) high Mount Rainier, dominate their surroundings for 50 to 100 miles (80 to 160 km). source http://vulcan. ... source http://vulcan. ... Mount Rainier is a stratovolcano in Pierce County, Washington, located 54 miles (87 km) southeast of Seattle, Washington, in the United States. ... Nickname: The City of Destiny Location of Tacoma in Pierce County and Washington State County Pierce Mayor Bill Baarsma (NP) Area    - City 162. ... Official language(s) None Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,824 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... The Fraser River is the longest river in British Columbia, Canada, rising in the Rocky Mountains near Mount Robson and flowing for 1400 km (870 mi), into the Pacific Ocean at the city of Vancouver. ... The Thompson River is a major tributary of the Fraser River in the south-central portion of British Columbia, Canada. ... Mount Rainier is a stratovolcano in Pierce County, Washington, located 54 miles (87 km) southeast of Seattle, Washington, in the United States. ...


The northern part of the range, north of Mount Rainier, is known as the North Cascades. It is extremely rugged, with many of the lesser peaks steep and glaciated. The valleys are quite low, resulting in great local relief, and major passes are only about 1000 m (3300 ft) high. Mount Rainier is a stratovolcano in Pierce County, Washington, located 54 miles (87 km) southeast of Seattle, Washington, in the United States. ... Mount Adams in Washington state The Cascade Range is a mountainous region famous for its chain of tall volcanos called the High Cascades that run north-south along the west coast of North America from British Columbia to the Shasta Cascade area of northern California. ...


Because of the range's proximity to the Pacific Ocean, precipitation is substantial, especially on the western slopes, with annual accumulations of up to 150 inches (3800 mm) in some areas—Mount Baker, for instance, apparently recorded the largest single-season snowfall on record in the world in 1999—and heavy snowfall as low as 2000 feet (600 m). It is not uncommon for some places in the Cascades to have over 200 inches (5500 mm) of snow accumulation, such as at Lake Helen (near Lassen Peak), one of the snowiest places in the world. Most of the High Cascades are therefore white with snow and ice year-round. The western slopes are densely covered with Douglas-fir, Western Hemlock and Red alder, while the drier eastern slopes are mostly Ponderosa Pine, with Western Larch at higher elevations. Annual rainfall drops to 8 inches (200 mm) on the eastern foothills due to a rainshadow effect. Mount Baker (elevation 10,778 feet, 3,285 m) is a glaciated andesitic stratovolcano in the Cascades of Washington State in the United States about 30 miles (50km) due east of the city of Bellingham, Whatcom County. ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Older Persons by the United Nations. ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Tsuga heterophylla (Raf. ... Binomial name Alnus rubra Bong. ... Binomial name Pinus ponderosa Douglas ex C. Lawson Ponderosa Pine (Pinus ponderosa) is a widespread and very variable pine native to western North America. ... Binomial name Larix occidentalis Nutt. ... Other uses: Foothills are geographically defined as gradual increases in elevated land at the base of a mountain range. ... A rain shadow (or more accurately, precipitation shadow) is a dry region on the surface of the Earth that is leeward or behind a mountain with respect to the prevailing wind direction. ...

Beyond the foothills is an arid plateau that was created 16 million years ago as a coalescing series of layered flood basalt flows. Together these sequences of fluid volcanic rock form a 200,000 square mile (520,000 km²) region out of eastern Washington, Oregon, and parts of Northern California and Idaho called the Columbia River Plateau. Download high resolution version (618x624, 40 KB)United States Geological Survey map of the southern Oregon Cascades. ... Download high resolution version (618x624, 40 KB)United States Geological Survey map of the southern Oregon Cascades. ... An arid environment has a high precipitation deficit, receiving much less precipitation annually than would satisfy the climatological demand for evaporation and transpiration. ... Basalt Columnar basalt at Sheepeater Cliff in Yellowstone Basalt (IPA: ) is a common gray to black volcanic rock. ... Ignimbrite is a deposit of a pyroclastic flow. ... Official language(s) None Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,824 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Official language(s) None Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Majestic Mount Shasta (14,179 feet) in the northern part of Northern California. ... Official language(s) None Capital Boise Largest city Boise Area  Ranked 14th  - Total 83,642 sq mi (216,632 km²)  - Width 305 miles (491 km)  - Length 479 miles (771 km)  - % water 0. ... The Washington towns of Spokane, Vantage, Yakima and Pasco, and the Oregon town of Pendleton, lie on the Columbia River Plateau. ...


The Columbia River Gorge is the only major break in the American part of the Cascades. When the Cascades started to rise 7 million years ago in the Pliocene, the Columbia River drained the relatively low Columbia River Plateau. As the range grew, the Columbia was able to keep pace, creating the gorge and major pass seen today. The gorge also exposes uplifted and warped layers of basalt from the plateau. The Columbia River Gorge is a spectacular canyon of the Columbia River in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. ... The Pliocene epoch (spelled Pleiocene in some older texts) is the period in the geologic timescale that extends from 5. ...


Human uses

Soil conditions for farming are generally excellent, especially downwind of volcanoes. This is largely due to the fact that volcanic rocks are often rich in minerals such as potassium and decay easily. Volcanic debris, especially lahars, also have a leveling effect and the storage of water in the form of snow and ice is also important. Much of that water eventually flows into reservoirs where it is used for recreation before its potential energy is captured to generate hydroelectric power before being used to irrigate crops. Loess field in Germany Soil horizons are formed by combined biological, chemical and physical alterations. ... Farming, ploughing rice paddy, in Indonesia Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and other desired products by cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). ... Minerals are natural compounds formed through geological processes. ... General Name, Symbol, Number potassium, K, 19 Chemical series alkali metals Group, Period, Block 1, 4, s Appearance silvery white Atomic mass 39. ... Lahar from a March 1982 eruption of Mount St. ... Water is a chemical substance that is essential to all known forms of life. ... The Ashokan Reservoir, located in Ulster County, New York, USA. It is one of 19 that supplies New York City with drinking water. ... Hydroelectric dam diagram The waters of Llyn Stwlan, the upper reservoir of the Ffestiniog Pumped-Storage Scheme in north Wales, can just be glimpsed on the right. ... High-altitude aerial view of irrigation in the Heart of the Sahara ( ) Irrigation is the replacement or supplementation of rainfall with water from another source in order to grow crops or plants. ...


In addition, there is a largely untapped amount of geothermal power that can be generated from the Cascades. The USGS Geothermal Research Program has been investigating this potential. Some of this energy is already being used in places like Klamath Falls, Oregon where volcanic steam is used to heat public buildings. The highest recorded temperature found in the range is 510° F (265° C) at 3075 feet (937 m) below Newberry Caldera's floor. Geothermal power plant in the Philippines Look up geothermal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The United States Geological Survey (USGS) is a scientific agency of the United States government. ... Klamath Falls, is a city in Klamath County, Oregon, United States. ... In physical chemistry, and in engineering, steam refers to vaporized water. ... Newberry Caldera, with Paulina Lake, East Lake, and Big Obsidian Flow Newberry Caldera is the caldera on Newberry Volcano, a shield volcano in central Oregon. ...


High Cascades

All the major Cascade volcanoes except Garibaldi (which is north of this image's extent).
All the major Cascade volcanoes except Garibaldi (which is north of this image's extent).

Listed north to south: Image File history File links Download high resolution version (500x720, 17 KB)USGS image from [1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (500x720, 17 KB)USGS image from [1] File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Mount Garibaldi is a stratovolcano in the British Columbia part of the Cascade Range. ...

  • Mount Garibaldi (British Columbia) — heavily eroded by glaciers and has three principal peaks. Mount Garibaldi is not part of the Cascade Range, but of the Pacific Ranges of the Coast Mountains complex. It is nonetheless classified in the Cascade group or family of volcanoes. But while other volcanoes to the north in the Pacific Ranges are not considered part of the Cascades, they, however, are part of the Garibaldi Volcanic Belt.
  • Mount Baker (Near the United States-Canada border) — highest peak in northern Washington. It still shows some steam activity from its crater, though it is considered dormant.
  • Glacier Peak (northern Washington) — secluded and relatively inaccessible peak. Contrary to its name, its glacial cover isn't that extensive. The volcano is surprisingly small in volume, and gets most of its height by having grown atop a nonvolcanic ridge.
  • Mount Rainier (southeast of Tacoma, Washington) — highest peak in the Cascades, it dominates the surrounding landscape. There is no other higher peak northward until the Yukon-Alaska-BC border apex beyond the Alsek River.
  • Mount St. Helens (southern Washington) — Erupted in 1980, leveling forests to the north of the mountain and sending ash across the northwest. The northern part of the mountain was destroyed in the blast (see 1980 Mount St. Helens eruption).
  • Mount Adams (east of Mount St. Helens) — the second highest peak in Washington and third highest in the Cascade Range.
  • Mount Hood (northern Oregon) — the highest peak in Oregon and the most frequently climbed major peak in the Cascades.
  • Mount Jefferson (northcentral Oregon) — the second highest peak in Oregon.
  • Three Fingered Jack (northcentral Oregon) — Highly eroded Pleistocene volcano.
  • Mount Washington (between Santiam and McKenzie passes) — a highly eroded shield volcano. [2]
  • Three Sisters (near the city of Bend, Oregon) — South Sister is the highest and youngest, with a well defined crater. Middle Sister is more pyramidal and eroded. North Sister is the oldest and has a crumbling rock pinnacle.
  • Broken Top (to the southeast of South Sister) — a highly eroded extinct stratovolcano. Contains Bend Glacier.
  • Newberry Volcano and Newberry Caldera — isolated caldera with two crater lakes. Very variable lavas. Flows from here have reached the city of Bend.
  • Mount Bachelor (near Three Sisters) — a geologically young (less than 15,000 years) shield-to-stratovolcano which is now the site of a popular ski resort.
  • Mount Bailey (north of Mount Mazama)
  • Mount Thielsen (east of Mount Bailey) — highly eroded volcano with a prominent spire, making it the Lightning Rod of the Cascades.
  • Mount Mazama (southern Oregon) — better known as Crater Lake, which is a caldera formed by a catastrophic eruption which took out most of the summit roughly 6,900 years ago. Mt. Mazama is estimated to have been about 11,000 ft. elevation prior to the blast.
  • Mount Scott (southern Oregon) — on the southeastern flank of Crater Lake. At 8929 feet elevation, this small stratovolcano is the highest peak in Crater Lake National Park.
  • Mount McLoughlin (near Klamath Falls, Oregon) — presents a symmetrical appearance when viewed from Klamath Lake.
  • Medicine Lake Volcano — a shield volcano in northern California which is the largest volcano by volume in the Cascades.
  • Mount Shasta (northern California) — second highest peak in the Cascades. Can be seen in the Sacramento Valley as far as 140 miles away, as it is a dominating feature of the region.
  • Lassen Peak (south of Mt. Shasta) — southernmost volcano in the Cascades and the most easily climbed peak in the Cascades, it erupted 1914-1921, and as Mt. Shasta it too can be seen in the Sacramento Valley, up to 120 miles away

Mount Garibaldi is a stratovolcano in the British Columbia part of the Cascade Range. ... A glacier is a large, long-lasting river of ice that is formed on land and moves in response to gravity and undergoes internal deformation. ... The Pacific Ranges are the southernmost subdivision of the Coast Mountains portion of the Pacific Cordillera. ... The Coast Mountains are the westernmost range of the Pacific Cordillera, running along the south western shore of the North American continent, extending south from the Alaska Panhandle and covering most of coastal British Columbia. ... The Pacific Ranges are the southernmost subdivision of the Coast Mountains portion of the Pacific Cordillera. ... The Garibaldi Volcanic Belt is a north-south range of volcanoes in southwestern British Columbia. ... Mount Baker (elevation 10,778 feet, 3,285 m) is a glaciated andesitic stratovolcano in the Cascades of Washington State in the United States about 30 miles (50km) due east of the city of Bellingham, Whatcom County. ... Official language(s) None Capital Olympia Largest city Seattle Area  Ranked 18th  - Total 71,342 sq mi (184,824 km²)  - Width 240 miles (385 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 6. ... Craters on Mount Cameroon Perhaps the most conspicuous part of a volcano is the crater, a basin of a roughly circular form within which occurs a vent (or vents) from which magma erupts as gases, lava, and ejecta. ... Glacier Peak is the most remote of the five active volcanoes in Washington. ... Mount Rainier is a stratovolcano in Pierce County, Washington, located 54 miles (87 km) southeast of Seattle, Washington, in the United States. ... Nickname: The City of Destiny Location of Tacoma in Pierce County and Washington State County Pierce Mayor Bill Baarsma (NP) Area    - City 162. ... The Alsek River is a wilderness river flowing from the Yukon into Northern British Columbia and into Alaska. ... Mount St. ... (Redirected from 1980 Mount St. ... Mt. ... Mount Hood is a stratovolcano in northern Oregon, in the Pacific Northwest region of the United States. ... Official language(s) None Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... For other mountains named Mount Jefferson, see Mount Jefferson Mount Jefferson is a possibly extinct stratovolcano in the Cascade Range and is the second-highest mountain in Oregon. ... Three-Fingered Jack is a very distinctively shaped Pleistocene volcano in the Cascade Range. ... The Pleistocene epoch (IPA: ) is part of the geologic timescale. ... Mount Washington is a shield volcano in the Cascade Range of Oregon. ... The Three Sisters are three volcanic peaks of the Cascade Range, located about 15 miles SW from the nearest town of Sisters, Oregon. ... Bend is a city in Deschutes County, Oregon, United States. ... Broken Top is an extinct stratovolcano highly eroded by glaciation. ... Stratovolcano Mount St. ... Map of Newberry Volcano and surroundings Newberry Volcano 7,985 ft (2,434 m) high is a large shield volcano located 40 miles (60 km) east of the Cascade Range and about 20 miles (30 km) southeast of Bend, Oregon. ... Newberry Caldera, with Paulina Lake, East Lake, and Big Obsidian Flow Newberry Caldera is the caldera on Newberry Volcano, a shield volcano in central Oregon. ... Satellite image of Santorini. ... A man-made lake in Keukenhof, Netherlands A lake is a body of water or other liquid of considerable size surrounded by land. ... Mount Bachelor is a stratovolcano (called Bachelor Butte until the 1980s) built atop a shield volcano in the Cascade Range of central Oregon. ... Deep powder skiing Alpine skier carving a turn on piste Members of the U.S. Air Force skiing (and snowboarding) at Keystone Resorts 14th Annual SnoFest This article is about snow skiing. ... Mount Bailey is a relatively young tephra cone shield volcano in the Cascade Range that is located opposite Mount Thielsen from Diamond Lake in southern Oregon. ... Mount Thielsen is a stratovolcano in southern Oregon that has been so deeply eroded by glaciers that there is no summit crater and the upper part of the mountain is more or less a horn. ... Mount Mazama is a destroyed stratovolcano in the Oregon part of the Cascade Range. ... View from the rim The Old Man of the Lake (with extreme clarity of water apparent) Crater Lake is a lake in the U.S. state of Oregon that is 5 by 6 miles (8 by 9. ... Satellite image of Santorini. ... Crater Lake National Park is the U.S.s fifth oldest[1] National Park whose most famous feature is Crater Lake. ... Mount McLoughlin is a stratovolcano in the southern Oregon part of the Cascade Range. ... Klamath Falls, is a city in Klamath County, Oregon, United States. ... Klamath Lake is a large freshwater body located in Klamath County Oregon, a small distance south of Crater Lake and close to Klamath Falls[1]. Upper Klamath Lake, at approximately 30 miles long and as much as 8 miles wide at poins is the largest body of freshwater west of... Penis Pump juice. ... Shield volcano Mauna Kea, a shield volcano, on the Island of Hawai‘i with a light dusting of snow. ... Majestic Mount Shasta (14,179 feet) in the northern part of Northern California. ... Mount Shasta, a 14,179-foot (4,322 m)[1] stratovolcano, is the second-highest peak in the Cascade Range and the fifth highest peak in California. ... The California Central Valley Part of the Valley as seen from overhead A typical Central Valley scene at ground level The California Central Valley is a large, flat valley that dominates the central portion of the U.S. state of California. ... Lassen Peak, in Shasta County, California USA, is the largest single lava dome volcano also known as a plug dome in the world and is the southernmost volcano in the Cascade Range. ...

Protected areas

Cascade Range-related plate tectonics
Enlarge
Cascade Range-related plate tectonics

There are four U.S. National Parks in the Cascade Range and many U.S. National Monuments, U.S. Wilderness Areas, and U.S. National Forests. Each classification protects the various glaciers, volcanoes, geothermal fields, rivers, lakes, forests, and wildlife to varying degrees. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (480x700, 10 KB) USGS map from http://vulcan. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (480x700, 10 KB) USGS map from http://vulcan. ... The parks of the United States National Park system are one type of protected area in the United States and are operated by the National Park Service. ... Navajo National Monument Devils Tower National Monument Statue of Liberty National Monument Fort Matanzas National Monument A National Monument is a protected area of the United States that is similar to a national park (specifically a U.S. National Park) except that the President of the United States can quickly... The Wilderness Act protects exceptional undisturbed natural areas and scenery, such as in the Ansel Adams Wilderness On federal lands in the United States, Congress may designate a wilderness area under the provisions of the Wilderness Act of 1964. ... This article is on national forests in the United States. ... A glacier is a large, long-lasting river of ice that is formed on land and moves in response to gravity and undergoes internal deformation. ... Earth cutaway from core to exosphere. ...


National parks

Map of Lassen area showing hydrothermal features (red dots) and volcanic feature or remnant (yellow cones). ... 1916 (MCMXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). ... Yellowstone National Park is a U.S. National Park located in the western states of Wyoming, Montana, and Idaho. ... Crater Lake National Park is the U.S.s fifth oldest[1] National Park whose most famous feature is Crater Lake. ... Mount Mazama is a destroyed stratovolcano in the Oregon part of the Cascade Range. ... Satellite image of Santorini. ... View from the rim The Old Man of the Lake (with extreme clarity of water apparent) Crater Lake is a lake in the U.S. state of Oregon that is 5 by 6 miles (8 by 9. ... Mount Rainier National Park is a United States National Park located in southeast Pierce County, Washington. ... Mount Rainier is a stratovolcano in Pierce County, Washington, located 54 miles (87 km) southeast of Seattle, Washington, in the United States. ... A glacier is a large, long-lasting river of ice that is formed on land and moves in response to gravity and undergoes internal deformation. ... Official language(s) English Capital Juneau Largest city Anchorage Area  Ranked 1st  - Total 663,267 sq mi (1,717,855 km²)  - Width 808 miles (1,300 km)  - Length 1,479 miles (2,380 km)  - % water 13. ... Looking toward Magic Mountain from the Cascade Pass trail North Cascades National Park is a U.S. National Park located in Washington state. ... Quartzite, a form of metamorphic rock, from the Museum of Geology at University of Tartu collection. ... Two types of sedimentary rock: limey shale overlaid by limestone. ... Mount Baker (elevation 10,778 feet, 3,285 m) is a glaciated andesitic stratovolcano in the Cascades of Washington State in the United States about 30 miles (50km) due east of the city of Bellingham, Whatcom County. ... Glacier Peak is the most remote of the five active volcanoes in Washington. ...

National monuments

  • Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument is located in southern Oregon at the junction of the Cascades and the Siskiyou Mountains.

Mount St. ... (Redirected from 1980 Mount St. ... Mount St. ... Newberry National Volcanic National Monument was designated in November 1990 to protect the area around the Newberry Volcano in the United States. ... Map of Newberry Volcano and surroundings Newberry Volcano 7,985 ft (2,434 m) high is a large shield volcano located 40 miles (60 km) east of the Cascade Range and about 20 miles (30 km) southeast of Bend, Oregon. ... Official language(s) None Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Cascade-Siskiyou National Monument was established by President Bill Clinton in 2000. ... Official language(s) None Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Siskiyou Mountains The Siskiyou Mountains are a coastal mountain range in the northern Klamath Mountains in northwestern California and southwestern Oregon in the United States. ... Lava Beds National Monument, located in Siskiyou and Modoc Counies, California, is the site of the largest concentration of lava tube caves in the United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... Penis Pump juice. ...

Wilderness Areas

  • Shasta-Trinity National Forest Wilderness Areas
    • Mt. Shasta Wilderness

The Alpine Lakes Wilderness is a large, mountainous wilderness area in Washington, United States. ... The Glacier Peak Wilderness, created by Congress in the original 1964 wilderness legislation, is located within portions of Chelan, Washington, and Skagit Counties in the North Cascades of Washington State, USA. The area, 572,000 acres (2315 km²) in size, 35 miles (56 kilometers) long and 20 miles (32 kilometers... US Forest Service sign along the North Fork Skykomish Trail at the edge of the Henry M. Jackson Wilderness Area. ... Lake-Chelan-Sawtooth Wilderness is a 613 square km protected area located within Okanogan National Forest and Wenatchee National Forest in Washington State. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The northwest corner of Douglas Wilderness looking south from State Route 410 The William O. Douglas Wilderness includes 166,000 acres located between the U.S. Route 12 and State Route 410 and is jointly administered by the Gifford Pinchot National Forest and the Wenatchee National Forest. ... Goat Rocks Wilderness is a U.S. Wilderness Area in Washington, United States. ... The Alpine Lakes Wilderness is a large, mountainous wilderness area in Washington, United States. ... Mount Rainer, Cascade Range, Washington Clearwater Wilderness, a small 14,300 acre wilderness created by Congress in the 1984 under the 1964 Wilderness Act establishing the National Wilderness Preservation System. ... The Glacier Peak Wilderness, created by Congress in the original 1964 wilderness legislation, is located within portions of Chelan, Washington, and Skagit Counties in the North Cascades of Washington State, USA. The area, 572,000 acres (2315 km²) in size, 35 miles (56 kilometers) long and 20 miles (32 kilometers... US Forest Service sign along the North Fork Skykomish Trail at the edge of the Henry M. Jackson Wilderness Area. ... Mount Baker Wilderness in northern Washington, USA, contains 117,500 acres (475 km²). Its eastern border is shared with the boundary of the North Cascades National Park for a distance of 40 miles (65 kilometers). ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... Old-growth Douglas Fir in the Mount Hood National Forest The Mount Hood National Forest is located 20 miles (32 km) east of the city of Portland, Oregon, and the northern Willamette River valley. ... The Mount Hood Wilderness is a protected wilderness area inside the Mount Hood National Forest. ... The eponymous Three Sisters The Three Sisters Wilderness is a wilderness area in the Willamette National Forest in Oregon, east of Eugene and southeast of Portland. ... The Willamette National Forest is named after the Willamette River, which has its headwaters in the Forest. ... Umpqua National Forest, in southern Oregons Cascade mountains, covers an area of one-million acres, and borders Crater Lake National Park. ... Shasta-Trinity National Forest is a nationally protected forest in northern California, USA. Categories: California-related stubs ... Lassen National Forest is a national forest located in northern California. ...

Provincial Parks

Garibaldi Provincial Park is a wilderness park located in British Columbia, Canada, about 70km north of Vancouver. ... Mount Garibaldi is a stratovolcano in the British Columbia part of the Cascade Range. ... The Garibaldi Volcanic Belt is a north-south range of volcanoes in southwestern British Columbia. ... Skagit Valley Provincial Park is a provincial park in British Columbia, Canada. ... E.C. Manning Provincial Park is a provincial park in British Columbia, Canada. ... Coquihalla Canyon Provincial Park, popularly called The Othello Tunnels is a provincial park located near Hope, British Columbia. ...

See also

One proposed flag for Cascadia. ... Mount Adams in Washington state The Cascade Range is a mountainous region famous for its chain of tall volcanos called the High Cascades that run north-south along the west coast of North America from British Columbia to the Shasta Cascade area of northern California. ...

References

  • Fire Mountains of the West: The Cascade and Mono Lake Volcanoes, Stephen L. Harris, (Mountain Press Publishing Company, Missoula; 1988) ISBN 0-87842-220-X
  • Fred Beckey. 1973. Cascade Alpine Guide (3 vols.) (The Mountaineers, Seattle).
  • Stephen L. Harris. 1976. Fire and Ice (The Mountaineers, Seattle).
  • USGS: Living With Volcanic Risk in the Cascades

External links

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Flag | Governors | Constitution | Law | Congress | Ballot measures | Parks | Fair | Flower | Tree | Bird | Oregon Trail | Rivers Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Wikimedia Commons logo by Reid Beels The Wikimedia Commons (also called Commons or Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Oregon. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Chief Justice Associate Justices Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures State Courts Counties, Cities, and Towns Other countries â€¢ Politics Portal      A state of the United States is any one of the fifty subnational entities referred to... Official language(s) None Capital Salem Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 9th  - Total 98,466 sq mi (255,026 km²)  - Width 260 miles (420 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 2. ... Oregon flag (obverse) Oregon flag (reverse) The flag of Oregon a blue field on which are placed, on the obverse, the Seal of Oregon (supported by thirty-three stars, representing its order in joining the United States); the words STATE OF OREGON above; and the year of statehood, 1859, below. ... Ted Kulongoski, current and 36th governor of the State of Oregon. ... These are tables of congressional delegations from Oregon to the United States Senate and United States House of Representatives. ... The following is a partial list of Oregon ballot measures, dating back to 1990. ... This is a list of Oregon state parks. ... The Oregon State Fair is the official state fair of the U.S. state of Oregon. ... Binomial name Mahonia aquifolium (Pursh) Nutt. ... Binomial name Pseudotsuga menziesii (Mirb. ... Binomial name Sturnella neglecta Audubon, 1844 The Western Meadowlark, Sturnella neglecta, is a medium-sized blackbird, very similar in appearance to the Eastern Meadowlark. ... The Ox Team or the Old Oregon Trail 1852-1906 by Ezra Meeker. ... The following is a partial listing of rivers in the state of Oregon, United States of America. ...

Capital

Salem Independence Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, site of first U.S. capital. ... Nickname: The Cherry City Location in the state of Oregon Coordinates: County Marion County, Polk County Founded 1842 Mayor Janet Taylor Area    - City 120. ...

Regions

The Cascades | Central Oregon | Columbia River Gorge | Columbia River Plateau | Eastern Oregon | Harney Basin | Mt. Hood Corridor | Oregon Coast | Portland Metro | Rogue Valley | Southern Oregon | Tualatin Valley | Western Oregon | Willamette Valley This list of regions of the United States includes official (governmental) and non-official areas within the borders of the United States, not including U.S. states, the federal district of Washington, D.C. or standard subentities such as cities or counties. ... Central Oregon is a geographical term that is generally taken to apply to the portion of the state of Oregon that is east of the Cascade Range, near the geographic center of Oregon. ... The Columbia River Gorge is a spectacular canyon of the Columbia River in the Pacific Northwest of the United States. ... The Washington towns of Spokane, Vantage, Yakima and Pasco, and the Oregon town of Pendleton, lie on the Columbia River Plateau. ... Eastern Oregon is a geographical term that is generally taken to mean the area of the state of Oregon east of the Cascade Range, save the region around the Dalles and sometimes Klamath County. ... The Harney Basin The Harney Basin is an arid basin in southeastern Oregon in the United States, at the northwestern corner of the Great Basin. ... The Mt. ... Oregon coast at Brookings, Oregon. ... The Portland metropolitan area is the urban area centered around Portland, Oregon and the Willamette River. ... The Rogue Valley in southwestern Oregon The Rogue Valley is a farming and timber-producing region in southwestern Oregon in the United States. ... The region of Oregon south of Lane County and west of or in the Cascade Range, excluding the southern Oregon Coast. ... The Tualatin River The Tualatin Valley is a farming and suburban region southwest of Portland, Oregon in the United States. ... Western Oregon is a geographical term that is generally taken to apply to the portion of the state of Oregon that is west of the Cascade Range. ... The Willamette Valley The Willamette Valley The Willamette Valley is the region in northwest Oregon in the United States that surrounds the Willamette River as it proceeds northward from its emergence from mountains near Eugene to its confluence with the Columbia River. ...

Metros

Bend-Redmond | Eugene-Springfield | Medford | Portland | Salem-Keizer This List of cities in Oregon includes all incorporated towns and many unincorporated communities, arranged in alphabetical order. ... Bend is a city in Deschutes County, Oregon, United States. ... Redmond is a city located in Deschutes County, Oregon. ... Nickname: The Emerald City Motto: The Worlds Greatest City for the Arts and Outdoors. ... Springfield is a city in Lane County, Oregon, separated from Eugene, Oregon primarily by the I-5 highway. ... Medford is a city located in Jackson County, Oregon. ... Nickname: City of Roses, Stumptown, Bridgetown, PDX Location in Multnomah County and the state of Oregon Coordinates: Country United States State Oregon County Multnomah County Incorporated February 8, 1851 Mayor Tom Potter Area    - City 376. ... Nickname: The Cherry City Location in the state of Oregon Coordinates: County Marion County, Polk County Founded 1842 Mayor Janet Taylor Area    - City 120. ... Keizer is a city located in Marion County, Oregon. ...

Cities

Albany | Ashland | Astoria | Baker City | Beaverton | Brookings | Coos Bay | Corvallis | The Dalles | Florence | Grants Pass | Gresham | Hillsboro | Hood River | Independence | Klamath Falls | La Grande | Lake Oswego | Lakeview | Madras | McMinnville | Milwaukie | Monmouth | Newberg | Newport | Ontario | Oregon City | Pendleton | Prineville | Roseburg | Sandy | Tigard | Tillamook | Tualatin | Umatilla | West Linn This List of cities in Oregon includes all incorporated towns and many unincorporated communities, arranged in alphabetical order. ... Location in Oregon Coordinates: County Linn County Incorporated 1864 Mayor Chuck McLaran Area    - City 41. ... Coordinates: Country United States State Oregon County Jackson Settled 1852 Mayor John Morrison Area    - City 16. ... The Astoria Column Suomi Hall, the meeting hall of Finnish and Scandinavian immigrants, under the Astoria-Megler Bridge Woman walking her dog along the Columbia River in Astoria The city of Astoria is the county seat of Clatsop County, Oregon, United States. ... Baker City is a city and the county seat of Baker County, Oregon. ... Beaverton is a city located in Washington County, Oregon, seven miles west of Portland in the Tualatin River Valley. ... Brookings is a city located in Curry County, Oregon. ... Coos Bay is a city located in Coos County, Oregon. ... Motto: Enhancing Community Livability Map Political Statistics Founded 1845 Incorporated 1857 County Benton County Mayor Helen Berg Geographic Statistics Area  - Total  - Land  - Water 22. ... The Dalles is a city located in Wasco County, Oregon. ... Florence is a city located in Lane County, Oregon. ... Grants Pass is a city and the county seat of Josephine County, OregonGR6. ... Downtown Gresham at NE Roberts St and Powell Blvd. ... Hillsboro is a city located in Washington County, Oregon. ... Windsurfing and kitesurfing on the Columbia River at Hood River, Oregon. ... Klamath Falls, is a city in Klamath County, Oregon, United States. ... La Grande is a city located in Union County, Oregon. ... Flag Seal Location Location in Oregon Coordinates , Government County Clackamas County Founded 1847 Mayor Judie Hammerstad Geographical characteristics Area     City 26. ... Lakeview is a town located in Lake County, Oregon. ... Madras (pronounced MAD-res) is a city in Jefferson County, Oregon, United States. ... McMinnville is the county seat and largest city of Yamhill County, Oregon, United States. ... Milwaukie (IPA: ) is a city in Clackamas County, Oregon, United States. ... Monmouth is a city located in Polk County, Oregon. ... Newberg is a city located in Yamhill County, Oregon. ... Newport is a city located in Lincoln County, Oregon, USA. It was incorporated in 1882, though the name dates back to the establishment of a post office in 1868. ... Downtown Ontario. ... Municipal Elevator in Oregon City Oregon City is the first city in the United States incorporated west of the Rockies. ... Pendleton is a city located in Umatilla County, Oregon. ... Prineville is a city located in, and the county seat of Crook CountyGR6. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Sandy is a city located in Clackamas County, Oregon, United States, and named after the nearby Sandy River. ... Tigard (IPA: ) is a city in Washington County, Oregon, United States. ... Tillamook (IPA: ) is the county seat of Tillamook County, Oregon. ... Tualatin (IPA: ) is a city located in Washington County, Oregon. ... Umatilla is a city in Umatilla County, Oregon, United States. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...

Counties

Baker | Benton | Clackamas | Clatsop | Columbia | Coos | Crook | Curry | Deschutes | Douglas | Gilliam | Grant | Harney | Hood River | Jackson | Jefferson | Josephine | Klamath | Lake | Lane | Lincoln | Linn | Malheur | Marion | Morrow | Multnomah | Polk | Sherman | Tillamook | Umatilla | Union | Wallowa | Wasco | Washington | Wheeler | Yamhill Map of the counties of Oregon List of Oregon counties: Baker County Benton County Clackamas County Clatsop County Columbia County Coos County Crook County Curry County Deschutes County Douglas County Gilliam County Grant County Harney County Hood River County Jackson County Jefferson County Josephine County Klamath County Lake County Lane... Baker County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Benton County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Clackamas County (IPA: ) is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Location in the state of Oregon Formed 1844 Seat Astoria Area  - Total  - Water 2,809 km² (1,085 mi²) 667 km² (18 mi²) 23. ... Coos County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oregon. ... Crook County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Curry County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Deschutes County (IPA: ) is a county located in the U.S. state of Oregon. ... Douglas County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Gilliam County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Grant County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Harney County is a county created in the state of Oregon in 1889. ... Hood River County is a county created in the state of Oregon in 1908. ... Jackson County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Jefferson County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Josephine County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oregon. ... Klamath County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oregon. ... Lake County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oregon. ... Lane County is a county in the state of Oregon. ... Lincoln County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Linn County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Malheur County is a county located in the southeast corner of the state of Oregon. ... Marion County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Morrow County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Multnomah County (IPA: ) is a county located in the U.S. state of Oregon, the smallest in area but the largest in population due to Portland, the county seat and largest city in Oregon. ... Polk County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Sherman County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Tillamook County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Umatilla County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Union County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Wallowa County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Wasco County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Washington County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ... Wheeler County is a county located in the U.S. state of Oregon. ... Yamhill County is a county located in the state of Oregon. ...


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Cascade Range - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2599 words)
The Cascade Range is a mountainous region famous for its chain of tall volcanoes called the High Cascades that run north-south along the west coast of North America from British Columbia to the Shasta Cascade area of northern California.
The course of political history in the Pacific Northwest saw the spine of the Cascade Range being proposed as a boundary settlement during the Oregon Dispute of 1846, which was rejected by the United States which insisted on the 49th Parallel, which cuts across the range just north of Mount Baker.
The Canadian side of the range has a history that includes the Fraser Canyon Gold Rush of 1858-60 and its famous Cariboo Road, as well as the older Hudson's Bay Company Brigade Trail from the Canyon to the Interior, the Dewdney Trail and older routes which connected east to the Similkameen and Okanagan valleys.
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