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Encyclopedia > Canadian Arctic Archipelago
World map depicting Canadian Arctic Archipelago
World map depicting Canadian Arctic Archipelago
Polar projection map of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago
Polar projection map of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago
Reference map of Canadian Arctic Archipelago
Reference map of Canadian Arctic Archipelago

The Canadian Arctic Archipelago, also known as just the Arctic Archipelago, is an archipelago north of the Canadian mainland in the Arctic. Situated in the northern extremity of North America and covering about 1 424 500 km², this group of 36 563 islands comprises much of the territory of Northern Canada – most of Nunavut and part of Northwest Territories. Image File history File links Location_Canadian_Arctic_Archipelago. ... Image File history File links Location_Canadian_Arctic_Archipelago. ... Image File history File links Canadian Arctic Islands in polar stereographic projection Public Domain map created by Online Map Creation site: http://www. ... Image File history File links Canadian Arctic Islands in polar stereographic projection Public Domain map created by Online Map Creation site: http://www. ... Download high resolution version (700x675, 109 KB)Canada Arctic Islands. ... Download high resolution version (700x675, 109 KB)Canada Arctic Islands. ... The Mergui Archipelago An archipelago is a landform which consists of a chain or cluster of islands. ... The red line indicates the 10°C isotherm in July, commonly used to define the Arctic region border Satellite image of the Arctic surface The Arctic is the area around the Earths North Pole, opposite the Antarctican area around the South Pole. ... Compass rose with north highlighted and at top North is one of the four cardinal directions, specifically the direction that, in Western culture, is treated as the primary direction: north is used (explicitly or implicitly) to define all other directions; the (visual) top edges of maps usually correspond to the... World map showing North America A satellite composite image of North America. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Northern Canada, defined politically Northern Canada is the vast northernmost region of Canada variously defined by geography and politics. ... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson Premier Paul Okalik (independent) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 Nancy Karetak-Lindell 1 Willie Adams Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total... Motto: none Official languages Dene Suline, Cree, Dogrib, English, French, Gwich’in, Inuktitut, Slavey Flower Mountain avens Tree Tamarack Bird Gyr Falcon Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Commissioner Tony Whitford Premier Joe Handley (Consensus government (no party affiliations)) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 1 Area Total  - Land  - Water...


The archipelago extends some 2 400 km longitudinally and 1 900 km from the mainland to Cape Columbia, the northernmost point on Ellesmere Island. It is bounded on the west by the Beaufort Sea; on the north by the Arctic Ocean; on the east by Greenland, Baffin Bay and Davis Strait; and on the south by Hudson Bay and the Canadian mainland. The various islands are separated from each other and the continental mainland by a series of waterways collectively known as the Northwestern Passages. Two large peninsulas, Boothia and Melville, extend northward from the mainland. Cape Columbia is the northernmost point of land of Canada, located on Ellesmere Island at 83°05N, 70°21W. It marks the westernmost coastal point of Lincoln Sea in the Arctic Ocean. ... Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada. ... Approximate area of the Beaufort Sea, and the disputed waters The Beaufort Sea is a large body of water north of The Northwest Territories, the Yukon, and Alaska and west of Canadas arctic islands that is a part of the Arctic Ocean. ... Map of Baffin Island and surrounding areas, including Baffin Bay. ... Map of Baffin Island and surrounding areas, including Davis Strait. ... Hudson Bay, Canada. ... Popular Northwest Passage routes through the Canadian Arctic Archipelago This article describes the route through the Canadian Arctic. ... Peninsula A peninsula (from Latin paene insula, almost island) is a geographical formation consisting of an extension of land from a larger body, surrounded by water on three sides. ... Boothia and Melville peninsulas, Nunavut Territory, Canada The Boothia Peninsula is a large peninsula in the Canadian Arctic. ... Boothia and Melville peninsulas, Nunavut, Canada. ...


The archipelago contains 94 major islands (greater than 130 km²), including three of the world's ten largest islands, and 36 469 minor islands. The sizeable islands of the archipelago (over 10 000 km², in order of descending size) are: This is a list of islands in the world ordered by area. ...

Name Location* Area
(km²)
Area rank Population
(2001)
World Canada
Baffin Island Nunavut NU 507 451 5 1 9 563
Victoria Island Northwest Territories NT, Nunavut NU 217 291 9 2 1 707
Ellesmere Island Nunavut NU 196 236 10 3 168
Banks Island Northwest Territories NT 70 028 24 5 114
Devon Island NU NU 55 247 27 6 0
Axel Heiberg Island Nunavut NU 43 178 32 7 0
Melville Island Northwest Territories NT, Nunavut NU 42 149 33 8 0
Southampton Island Nunavut NU 41 214 34 9 721
Prince of Wales Island Nunavut NU 33 339 40 10 0
Somerset Island Nunavut NU 24 786 46 12 0
Bathurst Island Nunavut NU 16 042 54 13 0
Prince Patrick Island Northwest Territories NT 15 848 55 14 0
King William Island Nunavut NU 13 111 61 15 960
Ellef Ringnes Island Nunavut NU 11 295 69 16 0
Bylot Island Nunavut NU 11 067 72 17 0

* NT = Northwest Territories, NU = Nunavut Baffin Island, Nunavut, Canada. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nunavut. ... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson Premier Paul Okalik (independent) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 Nancy Karetak-Lindell 1 Willie Adams Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total... Victoria Island, NWT and Nunavut. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Northwest_Territories. ... Motto: none Official languages Dene Suline, Cree, Dogrib, English, French, Gwich’in, Inuktitut, Slavey Flower Mountain avens Tree Tamarack Bird Gyr Falcon Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Commissioner Tony Whitford Premier Joe Handley (Consensus government (no party affiliations)) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 1 Area Total  - Land  - Water... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nunavut. ... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson Premier Paul Okalik (independent) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 Nancy Karetak-Lindell 1 Willie Adams Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total... Ellesmere Island, Nunavut, Canada. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nunavut. ... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson Premier Paul Okalik (independent) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 Nancy Karetak-Lindell 1 Willie Adams Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total... Banks Island, Northwest Territories. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Northwest_Territories. ... Motto: none Official languages Dene Suline, Cree, Dogrib, English, French, Gwich’in, Inuktitut, Slavey Flower Mountain avens Tree Tamarack Bird Gyr Falcon Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Commissioner Tony Whitford Premier Joe Handley (Consensus government (no party affiliations)) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 1 Area Total  - Land  - Water... Devon Island, Nunavut. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nunavut. ... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson Premier Paul Okalik (independent) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 Nancy Karetak-Lindell 1 Willie Adams Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total... Axel Heiberg Island within Nunavut Closeup of Axel Heiberg Island Satellite photo montage of Axel Heilberg Island Axel Heiberg Island is the largest of the Sverdrup Islands, part of the Queen Elizabeth Islands archipelago in Nunavut Territory,Canada. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nunavut. ... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson Premier Paul Okalik (independent) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 Nancy Karetak-Lindell 1 Willie Adams Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total... Categories: Canada geography stubs | Islands of Canada | Nunavut geography | Northwest Territories geography ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Northwest_Territories. ... Motto: none Official languages Dene Suline, Cree, Dogrib, English, French, Gwich’in, Inuktitut, Slavey Flower Mountain avens Tree Tamarack Bird Gyr Falcon Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Commissioner Tony Whitford Premier Joe Handley (Consensus government (no party affiliations)) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 1 Area Total  - Land  - Water... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nunavut. ... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson Premier Paul Okalik (independent) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 Nancy Karetak-Lindell 1 Willie Adams Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total... Categories: Islands of Canada | Canada geography stubs ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nunavut. ... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson Premier Paul Okalik (independent) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 Nancy Karetak-Lindell 1 Willie Adams Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total... There is also Prince of Wales Island, Alaska Categories: Stub | Islands of Canada ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nunavut. ... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson Premier Paul Okalik (independent) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 Nancy Karetak-Lindell 1 Willie Adams Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total... Somerset Island within Nunavut This article is about Somerset Island in Canada. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nunavut. ... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson Premier Paul Okalik (independent) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 Nancy Karetak-Lindell 1 Willie Adams Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total... There is also Bathurst Island, Northern Territory off the coast of Australia Categories: Canada-place stubs | Islands of Canada ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nunavut. ... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson Premier Paul Okalik (independent) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 Nancy Karetak-Lindell 1 Willie Adams Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total... Prince Patrick Island, Northwest Territories. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Northwest_Territories. ... Motto: none Official languages Dene Suline, Cree, Dogrib, English, French, Gwich’in, Inuktitut, Slavey Flower Mountain avens Tree Tamarack Bird Gyr Falcon Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Commissioner Tony Whitford Premier Joe Handley (Consensus government (no party affiliations)) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 1 Area Total  - Land  - Water... King William Island, Nunavut NASA Landsat satellite image of King William Island King William Island is a Canadian Arctic island, in the Nunavut Territory. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nunavut. ... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson Premier Paul Okalik (independent) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 Nancy Karetak-Lindell 1 Willie Adams Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total... Ellef Ringnes Island, Nunavut . Ellef Ringnes Island is one of the Sverdrup Islands in Nunavut, Canada. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nunavut. ... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson Premier Paul Okalik (independent) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 Nancy Karetak-Lindell 1 Willie Adams Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total... Bylot Island, Nunavut . Bylot Island lies off the northern end of Baffin Island in Nunavut Territory, Canada. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Nunavut. ... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson Premier Paul Okalik (independent) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 Nancy Karetak-Lindell 1 Willie Adams Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total... Motto: none Official languages Dene Suline, Cree, Dogrib, English, French, Gwich’in, Inuktitut, Slavey Flower Mountain avens Tree Tamarack Bird Gyr Falcon Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Commissioner Tony Whitford Premier Joe Handley (Consensus government (no party affiliations)) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 1 Area Total  - Land  - Water... Motto: Nunavut Sannginivut (Inuktitut: Nunavut our strength or Our land our strength) Official languages Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English, French Capital Iqaluit Largest city Iqaluit Commissioner Ann Meekitjuk Hanson Premier Paul Okalik (independent) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 Nancy Karetak-Lindell 1 Willie Adams Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total...


After Greenland, the archipelago is the world’s largest high-arctic land area. The climate of the islands is arctic, and the terrain consists of tundra except in mountainous areas. Most of the islands are uninhabited; human settlement is extremely thin and scattered, being mainly coastal Inuit settlements on the southern islands. Regions with a polar climate are characterized by a lack of warm summers (specifically, no month having an average temperature of 10°C or higher), resulting in the absence of trees in such places, which may also be covered with glaciers or a permanent or semi_permanent layer of ice. ... I lIke Cheese In physical geography, tundra is an area where the tree growth is hindered by low temperatures and short growing seasons. ... For other uses, see Inuit (disambiguation). ...


British claims on the islands were based on the explorations in the 1570s by Martin Frobisher. Canadian sovereignty over them was not established until the District of Franklin was established in 1895, which comprised almost all of the archipelago; the district was dissolved upon the creation of Nunavut in 1999. Canada claims sovereignty in a sector continuing to the North Pole, a claim that is not universally recognized. In addition, Canada claims all the waterways of the Northwestern Passages as internal waters; however the United States and some other countries view these as international waters. Disagreement over the passages' status has raised Canadian concerns about environmental enforcement, national security, and general sovereignty. Hans Island, in the Nares Strait east of Ellesmere Island, is a territory currently contested between Canada and Denmark. Significant Events and Trends Transition from the Muromachi to the Azuchi-Momoyama period in Japan Categories: 1570s ... Martin Frobisher by Cornelis Ketel. ... The District of Franklin was a former regional administrative district of Canadas Northwest Territories. ... 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... 1999 (MCMXCIX) was a common year starting on Friday, and was designated the International Year of Old Farts by the Sometimes-United Nations. ... Sovereignty is the exclusive right to exercise supreme political (e. ... North Pole Scenery When not otherwise qualified, the term North Pole usually refers to the Geographic North Pole – the northernmost point on the surface of the Earth, where the Earths axis of rotation intersects the Earths surface. ... Hans Island, 1 August 2003, HDMS Triton Hans Island (Greenlandic/Inuktitut: Tartupaluk, Danish: Hans Ø, French: Île Hans) is a small uninhabited barren knoll measuring 1. ... The Nares strait is a waterway between Canadas Ellesmere Island and Greenland which connects Baffin Bay to the Arctic Ocean. ...


References

Marsh, James H., ed. 1988. "Arctic Archipelago" The Canadian Encyclopedia. Toronto: Hurtig Publishers. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...


See also


 
 

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