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Encyclopedia > Canada 2006 Census

The Canada 2006 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. Census day was May 16, 2006. The next census following will be the 2011 Census. Canada's total population according to the 2006 census was 31,612,897. 1870 US Census for New York City A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... May 16 is the 136th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (137th in leap years). ... For the Manfred Mann album, see 2006 (album). ... The Canada 2011 Census will be a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population on May 17, 2011. ...



Over 12.7 million households, 32.5 million people are expected to be counted. Canada Post delivered census forms by mail to 70% of the country, primarily residents in urban areas. Census Enumerators delivered to the remaining 30% of households. Every fifth home received the long questionnaire (53 questions versus 8 questions on the short form). For the first time, Canadian residents were able to go online to fill in their forms. Statistics Canada expected approximately 20% of households to file their surveys electronically. Persistent census staff are contacting tardy households. The total estimated cost of the 2006 census is $567 million spread over 7 years, employing more than 25,000 full and part-time census workers. Canada Post logo Canada Post (French: Postes Canada) is a Canadian postal service operated as an independent crown corporation. ... Statistics Canada is the Canadian federal government bureau commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ...

New in the 2006 Census Questionnaire:

  • Education. Where did individuals receive their highest level of education? (Only on extended questionnaire)
  • Income. Permission to use income information from individual's income tax file. Income from child benefits. Income tax paid. (Also only on extended questionnaire)
  • Access to Personal Information. Permission to make information public in 92 years.

Questions not asked in the 2006 Census:

  • Religion. Normally asked only once every 10 years, and the religion question was asked in the 2001 Census.
  • Education. The number of years of schooling received.

Modified questions: The Canada 2001 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population. ...

  • Education. A separate question for each level of schooling, and type of school attended.

Data products

Once the data is collected and digitized, Statistics Canada will begin to release a series of census data. On March 13, 2007, the first batch of data, covering geographical information and population and dwelling counts, was released. This will be followed by other census reports, to be released by the summer of 2008.[1]. March 13 is the 72nd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (73rd in leap years). ... 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the Anno Domini (common) era. ...


In contrast to 1996 focus-groups that found it important to know the legal requirement at the outset, participants of 2005 focus-groups were annoyed or provoked by draft ads reminding Canadians about the census law. As a result of the finding, Statistics Canada's initial newspaper, radio and TV ads avoided mention of the legal requirement. Instead, reference to the census law was highlighted only in ads appearing after census day, to capture late filers. 1996 (MCMXCVI) was a leap year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, and was designated the International Year for the Eradication of Poverty. ...

To encourage participation, Statistics Canada set aside $13 million for "saturation" advertising, including billboards, bookmarks, inserts in municipal tax bills, and ads on bags of sugar and milk cartons.[2] For comparison, the United States Census Bureau budgeted $166.6 million USD for paid advertising over 3 years for the 2000 Census.[3] The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ...


Statistics Canada reports less than 20% of the work will be outsourced, spending $85M over 5 years. Despite an open public tender process, controversy arose on the announcement of a $43.3 million deal awarded to Lockheed Martin Canada -- a subsidiary of Lockheed Martin, the world's largest defense contractor by defense revenue -- for the purchase of scanning and printing software and hardware.[4] Lockheed/BAE/Northrop F-35 Lockheed Trident missile C-130 Hercules; in production since the 1950s, now as the C-130J Lockheed Martin (NYSE: LMT) is an aerospace manufacturer formed in 1995 by the merger of Lockheed Corporation with Martin Marietta. ...

Criticism and controversy

Special interest groups have criticised Statistics Canada over the design of questions, accuracy, and the future of the census data:[5]

  • Question 6: Relationship. Couples in same-sex marriages are offended by and/or object to Statistics Canada's instruction that they use the write-in field "Other" instead of checking the "husband or wife" box.
  • Question 16: Mother tongue. An anonymous email misinformation campaign advises bilingual francophones to not mention their knowledge of English.
  • Question 53: Election to release census data after 92 years. Genealogists worry future research will be hampered if Canadians don't check this box.

The quality of data is further hampered by individuals advocating minimal cooperation or non-cooperation, in protest to the outsourcing contract awarded to Lockheed Martin.[6] Many people believed that Lockheed Martin would have access to their information, and that the US government could then access that information through the USA Patriot Act. This was not true, as all information was handled only by Statistics Canada employees, not Lockheed Martin employees. The information was then stored by Statistics Canada, and Lockheed Martin did not have access to it. Nevertheless, some people refused to cooperate in the Census, as they were morally opposed to any dealings with Lockheed Martin, seeing the company as a supporter of the war in Iraq. The Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001 (Public Law 107-56), known as the USA PATRIOT Act or simply the Patriot Act, is an American act which President Bush signed into law on October 26, 2001. ...

In addition, Statistics Canada's online questionnaire has been criticized over accessibility issues:[7]

  • Failure to comply with Treasury Board guidelines to meet W3C accessibility recommendations for the visually impaired.
  • Failure to support open source operating systems. Support for Linux was eventually added,[8] but support for other operating systems was not.

In the government of Canada the Treasury Board is the only statutory cabinet committee. ... Open source refers to projects that are open to the public and which draw on other projects that are freely available to the general public. ... An operating system (OS) is a computer program that manages the hardware and software resources of a computer. ... Linux (IPA pronunciation: ) is a Unix-like computer operating system family. ...

See also

Demographics of Canada, Data of FAO, year 2005 ; Number of inhabitants in thousands. ... The Statistics Act was an Act by the Canadian government in 1918 which created the Dominion Bureau of Statistics. ...

External links

  • 2006 Census: Release topics and dates - Statistics Canada's page on the 2006 Census.


  1. ^ 2006 Census release dates. 2006 Census. Statistics Canada (2006). Retrieved on 2006-05-16.
  2. ^ Beeby, Dean. "Statistics Canada revamps census ad campaign to play down legal requirements", Canoe Inc., 2005-03-26. Retrieved on 2006-04-28.
  3. ^ Prewitt, Kenneth. "Prepared Statement of Kenneth Prewitt, Director, U.S. Bureau on the Census, Committee on Government Reform, U.S. House of Representatives", United States Department of Commerce, Office of General Counsel, 1999-07-27. Retrieved on 2006-04-28.
  4. ^ Lambert, Steve. "Census contractor comes under fire", London Free Press, 2004-10-10. Retrieved on 2006-04-28.
  5. ^ Freeze, Colin.. "Census coloured by broad array of interests", The Globe and Mail, 2006-05-15. Retrieved on 2006-05-16.
  6. ^ Riga, Andy. "Census faces attack from blog rumours", National Post, 2006-05-08. Retrieved on 2006-05-16.
  7. ^ Byfield, Bruce. "Canadian Census controversy continues", NewsForge, 2006-05-12. Retrieved on 2006-05-16.
  8. ^ Notice to Linux users. Statistics Canada (2006). Retrieved on 2006-05-16.

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The Canada 2001 Census was a detailed enumeration of the Canadian population.
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Canada joined the Organization of American States (OAS) in 1990 and has been an active member, hosting the OAS General Assembly in Windsor in June 2000, and the third Summit of the Americas in Quebec City in April 2001.
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