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Encyclopedia > Canaan Banana
Canaan Banana

President Canaan Banana (right) and Prime Minister Robert Mugabe attend the ceremony for the independence of Zimbabwe in April18, 1980 Image File history File links Robert_Mugabe_and_Zimbabwe_President_Canaan_Banana. ... Mugabe redirects here. ...


In office
18 April 1980 – 31 December 1987
Preceded by Josiah Gumede
Succeeded by Robert Mugabe

Born March 05, 1936(1936-03-05)
Esiphezini, Southern Rhodesia
Died November 10, 2003 (aged 67)
Nationality Zimbabwean
Spouse Janet Banana

Canaan Sodindo Banana (5 March 1936-10 November 2003) served as the first President of Zimbabwe from 18 April, 1980 until 31 December, 1987. A Methodist minister, he held the largely ceremonial office of the presidency while his eventual successor, Robert Mugabe, served as Prime Minister. This page contains a list of presidents of Zimbabwe. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1987 (MCMLXXXVII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link displays 1987 Gregorian calendar). ... Josia Zion Gumede was the first and last President of the self-proclaimed, and internationally unrecognised, state of Zimbabwe-Rhodesia during 1979, before Rhodesia briefly reverted to British rule until the countrys independence as Zimbabwe in 1980. ... Mugabe redirects here. ... March 5 is the 64th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (65th in leap years). ... Year 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Southern Rhodesia was the name of the British colony situated immediately to the north of South Africa, known today as Zimbabwe. ... is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Janet Banana (b. ... This article is about the day. ... Year 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 314th day of the year (315th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... This page contains a list of presidents of Zimbabwe. ... is the 108th day of the year (109th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The Methodist movement is a group of denominations of Protestant Christianity. ... Mugabe redirects here. ...


During his lifetime, Banana brought together two of the country's political parties (the Zimbabwe African National Union (ZANU) and the Zimbabwe African People's Union (ZAPU)), became a diplomat for the Organisation of African Unity, and headed the religious department of the University of Zimbabwe. His later life is tainted by charges of sodomy, which he denied and for which he was later imprisoned. The Zimbabwe African National Union was a political party during the struggle for Rhodesias, ultimately Zimbabwes, independence, formed as a split from ZAPU. It won the 1980 elections under the leadership of Robert Mugabe, and eight years later merged again with Joshua Nkomos ZAPU to form Zanu... The Zimbabwe African Peoples Union was a political party in Zimbabwe. ... OUA redirects here. ... The University of Zimbabwe (UZ), is the first, largest and most complete university in Zimbabwe. ... François Elluin, Sodomites provoking the wrath of God, from Le pot pourri de Loth (1781). ...

Contents

Early life

Banana was born in 1936 in Esiphezini, Southern Rhodesia. His parents were a Ndebele-cultured mother and a Malawian father who had emigrated to Rhodesia. He was educated by missionaries in a local school and was later schooled at a teacher training institute.[1] Southern Rhodesia was the name of the British colony situated immediately to the north of South Africa, known today as Zimbabwe. ... There are two versions of Ndebele in South Africa, they both belong to the Nguni group of Bantu Languages. ...


He married Janet Banana (b. 1938) in 1961, and they had four children together. He took a diploma in theology at Epworth Theological College in Harare and was ordained as a United Methodist minister in 1962. Becoming involved in politics, he denounced Ian Smith's practices as a prime minister, took part in the uprising of the black liberation movement, and rose to be vice-president of the African National Council.[1] Janet Banana (b. ... Map of Zimbabwe showing the location of Harare. ... The United Methodist Church is the largest Methodist denomination, and the second-largest Protestant one, in the United States. ... The Rt Hon Ian Smith, Prime Minister of Rhodesia, 1964 (official portrait) Ian Douglas Smith GCLM ID (born 8 April 1919) was the Premier of the British Crown Colony of Southern Rhodesia from 13 April 1964 to 11 November 1965, and Prime Minister of Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe) from 11 November...


Presidency of Zimbabwe

When many Council members were arrested in the late 1960s, Banana and his family fled to the United States and did not return until 1975. Banana was arrested on his return but was released a year later, kept under house arrest, and then allowed to participate in Abel Muzorewa's plans for the country. However, he abandoned that effort and joined ZANU (led by Robert Mugabe), which was dedicated to overthrowing the Smith administration. Returning to Rhodesia in December 1976, Banana was arrested once more for his support of ZANU; upon the appointment of Christopher Soames', as British governor, he was released from prison.[2] Bishop Abel Muzorewa Abel Tendekayi Muzorewa (born 1925 in former Rhodesia), a Methodist bishop and nationalist leader, was prime minister of the short-lived coalition government in what was called Zimbabwe Rhodesia; he held office for only a few months in 1979. ... Mugabe redirects here. ... Arthur Christopher John, Baron Soames GCMG GCVO CBE PC (October 12, 1920 – September 16, 1987) was a British Conservative politician and the son-in-law of Winston Churchill. ...


Under the country's new constitution Banana became the first president in 1980 and first black leader of Zimbabwe.[1] In 1982 a law was passed forbidding citizens from making jokes about his name.[2] In 1987 his largely ceremonial[3] post was taken over by Mugabe, who made himself executive president. Banana then became a diplomat for the Organisation of African Unity and head of the religious department at the University of Zimbabwe. He played a large role in bringing the two major groups of independence fighters, ZANU and ZAPU, together to form the Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front, a merger that took place in 1988.[citation needed] OUA redirects here. ... The University of Zimbabwe (UZ), is the first, largest and most complete university in Zimbabwe. ... The Zimbabwe African National Union was a political party during the struggle for Rhodesias, ultimately Zimbabwes, independence, formed as a split from ZAPU. It won the 1980 elections under the leadership of Robert Mugabe, and eight years later merged again with Joshua Nkomos ZAPU to form Zanu... The Zimbabwe African Peoples Union was a political party in Zimbabwe. ... The Zimbabwe African National Union - Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) has been the ruling political party in Zimbabwe since independence in 1980, led by Robert Mugabe, first as Prime Minister with the party simply known as ZANU, and then as President from 1988 after taking over ZAPU and renaming the party...


Sodomy charges and imprisonment

The former president's later years were clouded by scandal. In 1997, Rev. Banana was arrested in Zimbabwe on charges of sodomy, following accusations made during the murder trial of his former bodyguard, Jefta Dube.[1] The charges related to accusations that Banana had misused his authority while he was president to coerce numerous men in positions of service (ranging from domestic staff to security guards, and even members of sports teams for whom he had acted as referee) into accepting sexual advances. He was found guilty of 11 charges of sodomy, attempted sodomy and indecent assault in 1998. He denied all charges, saying that they were "a mortuary of pathological lies" intended to destroy his political career.[3] He fled to South Africa while on bail before he could be imprisoned, apparently believing Mugabe was planning his death. He returned to Zimbabwe in December 1998, after a meeting with Nelson Mandela. Banana was sentenced on January 18, 1999 to ten years in jail, nine years suspended and he was also defrocked. He served two years in prison before being released in January 2001, and died of cancer in 2003 in London, according to the Zimbabwean High Commissioner. The Guardian Unlimited, however, claims that Banana had travelled to South Africa, where he eventually died, in order to receive appropriate treatment for his cancer.[1] He was buried in Zimbabwe without the full honours expected to be accorded a former head of state.[2] His wife, Janet Banana, sought asylum in Britain in October 2000.[2] François Elluin, Sodomites provoking the wrath of God, from Le pot pourri de Loth (1781). ... For other people named Mandela, or other uses, see Mandela. ... is the 18th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the year. ... To defrock a priest is to deprive him of the right to exercise the functions of the priestly office. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Janet Banana (b. ...


See also

Politics of Zimbabwe takes place in a framework of a presidential republic, whereby the President of Zimbabwe is both head of state and head of government. ... This article is about religious pluralism. ...

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Canaan Banana." Biography Resource Center Online. Gale, 2004.
  2. ^ a b c d Canaan Banana. Telegraph Media Group Limited. Retrieved on 2006-11-13.
  3. ^ a b Former President of Zimbabwe Convicted of Sodomy. 'New York Times'. Retrieved on 2007-07-08.

Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 189th day of the year (190th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

  • Yes, We Have No Bananas by Mark Steyn
  • Guardian article on Janet Banana
Political offices
Preceded by
(none)
President of Zimbabwe
1980–1987
Succeeded by
Robert Mugabe
Persondata
NAME Banana, Canaan
ALTERNATIVE NAMES
SHORT DESCRIPTION 1st President of Zimbabwe
DATE OF BIRTH 5 March 1936
PLACE OF BIRTH Esiphezini, Southern Rhodesia (now Zimbabwe)
DATE OF DEATH 10 November 2003
PLACE OF DEATH London

  Results from FactBites:
 
Canaan Banana - Biocrawler (336 words)
Banana became a diplomat for the Organisation of African Unity and head of the religious department at the University of Zimbabwe.
Banana was found guilty of eleven charges of sodomy, attempted sodomy and indecent assault in 1998.
Banana was sentenced on January 18, 1999 to ten years in jail, nine years suspended and he was also defrocked.
Canaan Banana - Telegraph (1376 words)
Canaan Banana, the colourfully-named former president of Zimbabwe who died on Monday aged 67, became his country's first fl head of state in 1980 following the bloody and prolonged war of independence that toppled Ian Smith's white-only regime; but his career ended in disgrace 18 years later when he was convicted and jailed for sodomy.
Banana might have expected to spend the rest of his days as his country's respected elder statesman, but his retirement was rudely interrupted by a sexual scandal which led to his trial on charges of sodomy.
Banana had some difficulty investing the office of president with the required aura of reverence and in 1982 a law was passed in Zimbabwe forbidding jokes about the president's name, though it continued to invite cheap jibes, illustrated later in such headlines as "Man raped by Banana" and "Mugabe Slips on Banana".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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