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Encyclopedia > Campobasso
Comune di Campobasso
Coat of arms of Comune di Campobasso
Municipal coat of arms
Country Italy Italy
Region Molise
Province Campobasso (CB)
Mayor Giuseppe Di Fabio (since June 14, 2004)
Elevation 700 m
Area 55 km²
Population
 - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 51,633
 - Density 852/km²
Time zone CET, UTC+1
Coordinates 41°34′N 14°40′E
Gentilic Campobassani
Dialing code 0874
Postal code 86100
Frazioni Santo Stefano
Patron St. George
 - Day April 23

Location of Campobasso in Italy
Website: www.comune.campobasso.it

Campobasso is the capital city of the Molise region in Italy. It it located in the high basin of the Biferno river, surrounded by the Sannio and Matese mountains. Image File history File links Campobasso-Stemma. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... The Regions of Italy were granted a degree of regional autonomy in the 1948 constitution, which states that the constitutions role is: to recognize, protect and promote local autonomy, to ensure that services at the State level are as decentralized as possible, and to adapt the principles and laws... Molise is a region of central Italy, the second smallest of the regions. ... In Italy, the province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of an intermediate level, between municipality (comune) and region (Regione). ... Campobasso (It. ... June 14 is the 165th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (166th in leap years), with 200 days remaining. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing daylight saving Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Here are a list of area codes in Italy. ... A frazione, in Italy, is the name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a comune; for other subdivisions, see municipio, circoscrizione, quartiere. ... April 23 is the 113th day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (114th in leap years). ... Image File history File links Italy_Regions_220px_(including_Pelagie_Islands). ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Molise is a region of central Italy, the second smallest of the regions. ... Sannio is a group of wines grown and produced throughout the Province of Benevento, Italy. ...

Bell tower of the S. Bartolomeo Church in the Medieval Historical center of Campobasso.
Bell tower of the S. Bartolomeo Church in the Medieval Historical center of Campobasso.

Campobasso is renowned for the craftmanship of blades (including scissors and knives), historically documented since the 14th century. It also famous for the production of pears and scamorza (cheese). Image File history File linksMetadata Campobasso_Campanile_S._Bartolomeo. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Campobasso_Campanile_S._Bartolomeo. ... For other uses of the word blade, see Blade (disambiguation) A blade is the part of a sword that is used to cut (as opposed to the hilt). ... Different types of scissors - sewing, kitchen, paper Scissors are a tool used for cutting thin material which requires little force. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... This 14th-century statue from south India depicts the gods Shiva (on the left) and Uma (on the right). ... Species About 30 species; see text Pears are trees of the genus Pyrus and the juicy fruit of that tree, edible in some species. ... ...

Contents

History

The origins of Campobasso are still disputed. According to the most agreed theory, the city was founded before the 8th century as a fortified camp by the Lombards, on the steep of the hill where a castle is. The original name was Campus vassorum, meaning the city was in origin the seat of the vassals of the Duke of Spoleto. (7th century — 8th century — 9th century — other centuries) Events The Iberian peninsula is taken by Arab and Berber Muslims, thus ending the Visigothic rule, and starting almost 8 centuries of Muslim presence there. ... The Lombards or Longobards or Langobards were the Germanic tribe who gave their name to Lombardy, an administrative entity in Northern Italy. ... Look up vassal in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The independent Duchy of Spoleto in southern Italy was a Lombard territory founded about 570 by the Lombard dux Faroald. ...


After the Norman conquest of Southern Italy, Campobasso lost his connotation of defensive strongpoint and gained a role as trading and administration centre. Norman conquests in red. ...


From 1330 to 1745 the city was ruled by the Monforte-Gambatesa, who built the castle and established a mint. Later it was ruled by the Di Capua, Gonzaga, Vitagliano, Carafa and Romano families. Events The Bulgars under Michael III are beaten by the Serbs at Velbuzhd, and large parts of Bulgaria fall to Serbia. ... // Events May 11 - War of Austrian Succession: Battle of Fontenoy - At Fontenoy, French forces defeat an Anglo-Dutch-Hanoverian army including the Black Watch June 4 – Frederick the Great destroys Austrian army at Hohenfriedberg August 19 - Beginning of the 45 Jacobite Rising at Glenfinnan September 12 - Francis I is elected... The Gonzaga family ruled Mantua in Northern Italy from 1328 to 1708. ... Carafa or Caraffa is a distinguished Neapolitan family, which gave birth to a number of distinguished ecclesiastics, among them Pope Paul IV, Giovanni Pietro Carafa Cardinal Oliviero Caraf, uncle of Paul IV Cardinal Carlo Carafa, nephew of Paul IV Vincenzo Carafa, Superior General of the Society of Jesus This article...


In 1763 the citizens abandoned the old city and settled in the lower valley. The current city was expanded in 1814 by the King of Naples Joachim Murat, and lies on the Campo Basso ("Low field"). 1763 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... 1814 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ... The following is a list of monarchs of Naples and Sicily: See also: List of Counts of Apulia and Calabria Hauteville Counts of Sicily, 1071-1130 Roger I 1071-1101 Simon 1101-1105 Roger II 1105-1130 Hauteville Kings of Sicily, 1130-1198 Roger II 1130-1154 William I 1154... Joachim Murat, King of Naples, Marshal of France Murat portrait, by François Pascal Simon, Baron Gérard, c. ...


In the October and November 1943 Campobasso was the centre of fights between the Allies and German troops. Several buildings and plant were destroyed, and 38 citizens were killed. In 1995 the city received the Bronze Medal for Civil Valour for the harsh work made by the Campobassani to clean all territory from dangerous unexploded warheads, a work that lasted well into 1948. 1943 (MCMXLIII) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1943 calendar). ... Look up ally in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... 1995 (MCMXCV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


Main sights

The main attraction of Campobasso is the Castello Monforte, built in 1450 by the local ruler Nicola II Monforte, over Lombard of Norman ruins. The castle has Guelph merlons and lies on a commanding point, where traces of ancient settlements (including Samnite walls) have been found. The current construction is the result of later rebuildings after the earthquakes of 1456 and 1805. Next to the castle is the Chiesa della Madonna del Monte (Santa Maria Maggiore), erected in the 11th century and rebuilt in 1525. It houses a precious wooden statue of the Incoronata from 1334. At the feet of the castle, the church of St. George is probably the most ancient church of Campobasso, built around the year 1000 AD over the ruins of a Pagan temple. Events March - French troops under Guy de Richemont besiege the English commander in France, Edmund Beaufort, Duke of Somerset, in Caen April 15 - Battle of Formigny. ... Guelph has several meanings: Guelph is a city in Ontario, Canada. ... A merlon, in architecture, forms the solid part of an embattled parapet between the embrasures, sometimes pierced by loopholes. ... Samnite warriors Samnium (Oscan Safinim) was a region of the southern Apennines in Italy that was home to the Samnites, a group of Sabellic tribes that controlled the area from about 600 BC to about 290 BC. Samnium was delimited by Latium in the north, by Lucania in the south... 1805 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... As a means of recording the passage of time, the 11th century was that century which lasted from 1001 to 1100. ... Events January 21 - The Swiss Anabaptist Movement was born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptized each other in the home of Manzs mother on Neustadt-Gasse, Zürich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union. ... Events Births January 4 - Amadeus VI of Savoy, Count of Savoy (died 1383) January 13 - King Henry II of Castile (died 1379) May 25 - Emperor Suko of Japan, third of the Northern Ashikaga Pretenders (died 1398) August 30 - King Peter I of Castile (died 1369) James I of Cyprus (died...


The main church is the Cathedral, or Chiesa della Santissima Trinità (Church of the Holy Trinity), was built in 1504 outside the city walls. It was destroyed by an earthquake in 1805 and a new Neoclassical edifice was built in 1829. The church of San Bartolomeo is a Romanesque building from the 11th century, in limestone. The interior has a nave and two aisles. 1504 was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1805 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Neoclassicism (sometimes rendered as Neo-Classicism or Neo-classicism) is the name given to quite distinct movements in the visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture. ... Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1829 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Interior of the Saint-Saturnin church St-Sernin basilica, Toulouse, 1080 – 1120: elevation of the east end Romanesque sculpture, cloister of St. ...


San Leonardo (14th century) has a façade mixing Gothic and Romanesque elements, and a side mullioned window with vegetables decorations influenced by the Apulian architecture of the period.


Villa de Capoa, recently restored, is a noteworthy garden with statues and a wide variety of vegetable species, including sequoias, Norway Spruces, cypresses and Lebanon Cedars. Binomial name Sequoia sempervirens (D. Don) Endl. ... Binomial name Picea abies (L.) H. Karst. ... Species See text. ... Binomial name Cedrus libani A. Rich. ...


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Campobasso - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (571 words)
Campobasso is the capital city of the Molise region in Italy.
Campobasso is renowned for the craftmanship of blades (including scissors and knives), historically documented since the 14th century.
In the October and November 1943 Campobasso was the centre of fights between the Allies and German troops.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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