FACTOID # 20: Statistically, Delaware bears more cost of the US Military than any other state.
 
 Home   Encyclopedia   Statistics   States A-Z   Flags   Maps   FAQ   About 
   
 
WHAT'S NEW
RELATED ARTICLES
People who viewed "Campinas" also viewed:
 

SEARCH ALL

FACTS & STATISTICS    Advanced view

Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 

 

(* = Graphable)

 

 


Encyclopedia > Campinas
Campinas, SP, Brazil
Official flag of Campinas, SP, Brazil
Flag
Official seal of Campinas, SP, Brazil
Seal
Nickname: Cidade das Andorinhas
Motto: "Labore virtute civitas floret"  (Latin)
"Labour and virtue make the city blossom"
Location of Campinas
Country Brazil
State São Paulo
Government
 - Mayor Hélio de Oliveira Santos (Democrat Labour Party (Brazil))
Area
 - City 797.6 km²  (308 sq mi)
 - Metro 3,645.66 km² (1,407.6 sq mi)
Elevation 685 m (2,247.38 ft)
Population (2006)
 - City 1,059,420
 - Density 1,331.4/km² (3,448.3/sq mi)
 - Metro 2,687,099
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 - Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
HDI (2000) 0.852 – high
Website: Prefeitura Municipal de Campinas


Campinas is a city and county (município) located in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. Image File history File linksMetadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... // A nickname is a name of a person or thing other than its proper name. ... A motto (from Italian) is a phrase or a short list of words meant formally to describe the general motivation or intention of an entity, social group, or organization. ... Latin was the language originally spoken in the region around Rome called Latium. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... It has been suggested that List of the states of Brazil by area, List of the states of Brazil by population, List of the states of Brazil by population density, List of Brazilian states by GDP, List of the states of Brazil by GDP per capita, List of the states... Flag of São Paulo See other Brazilian States Capital São Paulo Largest City São Paulo City Area 248,176. ... PDT is a three letter acronym that may stand for: Democratic Labour Party (Brazil) (Partido Democrático Trabalhista) Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7) Photodynamic therapy Piedmont Airliness ICAO code Portable Data Terminal Prague Dependency Treebank Program Database Toolkit SCSI Peripheral Device Type This page expands a three-character combination... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... To help compare orders of magnitude of different geographical regions, we list here areas between 1,000 km² and 10,000 km². See also areas of other orders of magnitude. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Basic Definition In geography, the elevation of a geographic location is its height above mean sea level (or some other fixed point). ... The metre or meter is a measure of length. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... Population density by country, 2006 Population density is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... The UN Human Development Index (HDI) measures poverty, literacy, education, life expectancy, and other factors. ... 2000 (MM) was a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Flag of São Paulo See other Brazilian States Capital São Paulo Largest City São Paulo City Area 248,176. ...


The county area is 797,6 km². Population is approximately 1,059,420 (2004 est.), with over 98% in the urban region. Its metropolitan area, defined in 2000, has some 19 cities and a population of 3,2 million people. Campinas is also the administrative center of the meso-region of the same name, with 3,641,766 inhabitants (2005 est.) and 49 cities. It is the third largest city in the state, after São Paulo (10,927,985 inhab. - 2006 est.) and Guarulhos (1,283,253 inhab. - 2006 est.). This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Landmark buildings Edifício Italia (at left) and Copan (curved façade at center), in São Paulo Downtown. ... Guarulhos is a city in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ...

Contents

History

The city was founded on July 14, 1774, by Barreto Leme. It was initially a simple outpost on the way to Minas Gerais and Goiás serving the "Bandeirantes" who were in search of precious minerals and Indian slaves. In the first half of the 19th century, Campinas became a growing population center, with many coffee and sugarcane farms. The construction of a railway linking it to the city of São Paulo and Santos' seaport, in 1817, was very important for its growth. In the second half of the 19th century, with the abolition of slavery, farming and industrialization attracted many foreign immigrants to replace the lost manpower, mainly from Italy. Coffee became an important export and the city became wealthy. In consequence, a large service sector was established to serve the growing population, and in the first decades of the 20th century, Campinas could already boast as having an opera house, theaters, banks, movie theaters, radio stations, a philarmonic band, two newspapers (Correio Popular and Diário do Povo), a good public education system (with the Escola Normal de Campinas and the Colégio Culto à Ciência), and hospitals, such as the Santa Casa de Misericórdia (a charity for poor people) and the Casa de Saúde de Campinas (for the Italian community), and the most important Brazilian research center in agricultural sciences, the Instituto Agronômico de Campinas, which was founded by Emperor Pedro II. Finally, the construction of the first Brazilian highway in 1938, between Campinas and São Paulo, the Anhanguera Highway, was a turning point in the integration of Campinas into the rest of the state. July 14 is the 195th day of the year (196th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Chesma Column in Tsarskoe Selo, commemorating the end of the Russo-Turkish War. ... Flag of Minas Gerais See other Brazilian States Capital Belo Horizonte Largest City Belo Horizonte Area 586,528. ... Flag of Goiás See other Brazilian States Capital Goiânia Largest City Goiânia Area 341 289 km² Population   - Total   - Density 4 848 725 14. ... The Monument to the Bandeiras, a stone sculpture group by Victor Brecheret, located in São Paulo, Brazil Bandeirantes were participants in the Bandeiras, expeditions organised by the inhabitants of the then poor village of São Paulo dos Campos de Piratininga together with allied Indians to enslave other Indians... Slave redirects here. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... A cup of coffee Workers sorting and pulping coffee beans in Guatemala Mature coffee fruit still on the plant Coffee is a widely consumed beverage prepared from the roasted seeds — commonly referred to as beans — of the coffee plant. ... Species Saccharum arundinaceum Saccharum bengalense Saccharum edule Saccharum officinarum Saccharum procerum Saccharum ravennae Saccharum robustum Saccharum sinense Saccharum spontaneum Sugarcane or Sugar cane (Saccharum) is a genus of 6 to 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation) of tall grasses (family Poaceae, tribe Andropogoneae), native to warm temperate to tropical regions... Farms, East of Gorgan, Iran. ... Motto: Patriam Charitatem et Libertatem Docui (Latin: To the homeland I taught charity and liberty) Location in the state of São Paulo and Brazil Coordinates: , Country Brazil Region Southeast State São Paulo Settled 1546 Incorporated 1839 Government  - Mayor João Paulo Tavares Papa (PMDB) Area  - City 280. ... Map of the world with countries colored according to their immigrant population as a percentage of total population: Immigration is the movement of people with large poos from one nation-state to another. ... The Teatro alla Scala in Milan, Italy. ... For other usages see Theatre (disambiguation) Theater (American English) or Theatre (British English and widespread usage among theatre professionals in the US) is that branch of the performing arts concerned with acting out stories in front of an audience using combinations of speech, gesture, music, dance, sound and spectacle &#8212... “Banker” redirects here. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Correio Popular is the largest daily newspaper in the city of Campinas, state of São Paulo, Brazil. ... Cover of Diário do Povo, 12. ... Ginásio Estadual Culto à Ciência, ca. ... For the record label, see Hospital Records. ... A charitable organization (also known as a charity) is a trust, company or unincorporated association established for charitable purposes only. ... The Instituto Agronômico de Campinas (Agronomical Institute of Campinas -- IAC) is a research and development institution affiliated to the Agência Paulista de Tecnologia dos Agronegócios (São Paulo Agency of Agrobusiness Technology), of the Secretary of Agriculture of the state of São Paulo, Brazil, with headquarters... Dom Pedro II (pron. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Please reference to Rodovia_dos_Imigrantes ...


Campinas was the birthplace of opera composer Carlos Gomes (1836—1896) and of the President of the Republic Campos Salles (1841—1913). It was home for 49 years for Hércules Florence, reputed as one of the early inventors of photography, photocopying and the mimeograph. Antônio Carlos Gomes (July 11, 1836 - September 16, 1896) is one of the most distinguished nineteenth century classical composers, being the first New World composer whose work was accepted by Europe. ... Manuel Ferraz de Campos Salles (February 15, 1841 _ June 28, 1913) Brazilian politician. ... Antoine Hércule Romuald Florence (1804-1879) was a French-Brazilian painter and inventor, who became famous for being a predecessor of the invention of photography. ... Photography [fÓ™tÉ‘grÓ™fi:],[foÊŠtÉ‘grÓ™fi:] is the process of recording pictures by means of capturing light on a light-sensitive medium, such as a film or sensor. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Mimeograph machine The Mimeograph machine (commonly abbreviated to Mimeo), or stencil duplicator was a printing machine that was far cheaper per copy than any other process in runs of several hundred to several thousand copies. ...


Title and symbols

Campinas means grass fields in Portuguese and refers to its characteristic landscape, which originally comprised large stretches of dense subtropical forests (mato grosso or thick woods in Portuguese), mainly along the many rivers, interspersed with gently rolling hills covered by low-lying vegetation. Natural vegetation dominated by grasses Grass is a common word that generally describes a monocotyledonous green plant in the family Poaceae. ... A forest is an area with a high density of trees (or, historically, a wooded area set aside for hunting). ...


Campinas is also known as "Cidade das Andorinhas" (City of Swallows), because it was a favorite spot for these migratory birds, which flocked annually in enormous numbers to downtown Campinas. However, they almost disappeared around the 1950s, probably because the church and plaza where they used to roost were torn down. Campinas' official crest and flag has a picture of the mythical bird, the phoenix, because it was practically reborn after a devastating epidemic of yellow fever in the 1800s, which killed more than 25% of the city's inhabitants. Genera Many, see text. ... Long-distance land bird migration Many species of land birds migrate very long distances, the most common pattern being for birds to breed in the temperate or arctic northern hemisphere and winter in warmer regions, often in the tropics or the southern hemisphere. ... The phoenix from the Aberdeen Bestiary. ... In epidemiology, an epidemic (from [[Latin language] epi- upon + demos people) is a disease that appears as new cases in a given human population, during a given period, at a rate that substantially exceeds what is expected, based on recent experience (the number of new cases in the population during...


An inhabitant of Campinas is called a campineiro or campinense.


City twinning

Campinas is officially twinned (sister city) with 16 cities[1]: Sign denoting twin towns of Neckarsulm, Germany Town twinning is a concept whereby towns or cities in geographically and politically distinct areas are paired with the goal of fostering human contact and cultural links. ...

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ...   (Chinese: ; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Fu-chou; BUC: Hók-ciÅ­; EFEO: Fou-Tcheou; also seen as Foochow or Fuchow) is the provincial seat and the largest prefecture-level city of Fujian (福建) province, Peoples Republic of China. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Jingan (静安) is one of the central districts of Shanghai. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Location within China Fushun (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: ) is a city in Liaoning, China, about 45 km from Shenyang, with a population about 1. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Japan. ... Gifu (岐阜市; -shi) is the capital city of Gifu Prefecture in the Chubu region of central Japan. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Argentina. ... Córdoba is a city located near the geographical center of Argentina, in the foothills of the Sierras Chicas mountains on the Suquía River, about 700 km west-northwest from Buenos Aires. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Chile. ... City motto: La Capital del Sur de Chile The Capital of the South of Chile Also called Biobios Pearl Founded October 5, 1550, Original Name La Concepción de María Purísima del Nuevo Extremo Region Bío-Bío Region Area  - City Proper  222 km² Population  - City... Image File history File links Flag_of_Paraguay. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Bolivia. ... Nickname: Santa Cruz Captital Founded February 26, 1560 Area    - City 325. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Nickname: Cidade Jardim (Garden City) Founded September 2, 1850 Government  - Mayor João Paulo Kleinübing Area  - City 510 km²  (196. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Brazil. ... Nickname: Belém do Pará Local da cidade de Belém, no estado do Pará State Pará County Belém Government  - Mayor Duciomar Gomes da Costa Area  - City 1,070 km²  (413. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Serbia. ... Nickname: Serbian Athens Motto: Град по мери грађана City of the citizens (in English) Location of Novi Sad within Serbia Coordinates: Country  Serbia Province Vojvodina District South Bačka Established 1694 City status February 1, 1748 Politics    - Mayor Maja Gojković (SRS)  - City assembly SRS, DSS and SPS  - Municipalities 2 (Novi Sad and Petrovaradin) Area... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Americas Finest City Location Location of San Diego within San Diego County Coordinates , Government County San Diego Mayor City Attorney         City Council District One District Two District Three District Four District Five District Six District Seven District Eight Jerry Sanders (R) Michael Aguirre Scott Peters Kevin... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cote_d'Ivoire. ... Daloa is a town in Cote dIvoire lying west of Yamoussoukro and has a population of over 100,000. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... “Torino” redirects here. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... Location of Cosenza province in Italy Malito is a town and comune in the province of Cosenza in the Calabria region of southern Italy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Palestine. ... The Taking of Jericho, by Jean Fouquet Near central Jericho, November 1996 Jericho (Arabic  , Hebrew  , ʼArīḥā; Standard YÉ™riḥo Tiberian YÉ™rîḫô / YÉ™rîḥô; meaning fragrant.[1] Greek Ἱεριχώ) is a town in Palestine, located within the Jericho Governorate, near the Jordan River. ...

Metropolitan Region of Campinas

Administrative micro-region of Campinas. The outlying municipality names in red are also part of the Metropolitan Region of Campinas

As of 2000, Campinas became an official metropolitan region (RMC — Região Metropolitana de Campinas), with 19 municipalities, with a total of 2.3 million inhabitants and a total land area of 3,348 km² (data of 2000), adjacent to the São Paulo metropolitan region (RMSP). Image File history File links Microregion-campinas. ... Image File history File links Microregion-campinas. ... Nickname: Motto: Non ducor, duco(Latin) I am not led, I lead Location in the São Paulo state. ...

The Campinas municipality is also the administrative center of the micro- and meso-regions of the same name. The micro-region includes the RMC (Metropolitan Region of Campinas) and the municipality of Elias Fausto; the meso-region also includes the following municipalities: Aguaí, Amparo, Águas da Prata, Águas de Lindóia, Caconde, Casa Branca, Divinolândia, Espírito Santo do Pinhal, Estiva Gerbi, Itapira, Itobi, Lindóia, Mococa, Mogi Guaçu, Moji-Mirim, Monte Alegre do Sul, Pedra Bela, Pinhalzinho, Pirassununga, Porto Ferreira, Santa Cruz das Palmeiras, Santo Antônio do Jardim, São João da Boa Vista, São José do Rio Pardo, São Sebastião da Grama, Serra Negra, Socorro, Tambaú, Tapiratiba, Vargem Grande do Sul and Vinhedo. Americana is a city (município) located in the Brazilian state of São Paulo. ... Artur Nogueira is a city in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Cosmópolis is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Engenheiro Coelho is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Holambra is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Hortolândia is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Indaiatuba is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Itatiba is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Jaguariúna is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Monte Mor is a municipality/county in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Nova Odessa (lit. ... Paulínia is a municipality/county in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Pedreira (Portuguese for quarry) is a municipality/county in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Santa Bárbara dOeste (portuguese for Western Santa Barbara) is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... The title of this article contains the character ô. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Santo Antonio de Posse. ... Sumaré is a city and county in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. ... Valinhos is a city and municipality (municipio) in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. ... Vinhedo is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Elias Fausto is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... a is a Brazilian city located in the eastern part of the state of São Paulo. ... Amparo is a Brazilian city of the state of São Paulo. ... The title of this article contains the character á. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Aguas da Prata. ... The title of this article contains the following characters: á and ó. Where they are unavailable or not desired, the name may be given as Aguas de Lindoia. ... Caconde is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Casa Branca (English: ) is a city in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Divinolândia is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Espírito Santo do Pinhal is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... For another municipality that begins with Estiva, see Estiva Estiva Gerbi is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Itapira is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Itobi is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Lindóia is a municipality/county in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Mococa is a municipality/county in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Mogi Guaçu is a municipality/county in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Moji-Mirim is a municipality/county in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Monte Alegre do Sul is a municipality/county in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Pedra Bela is a municipality/county in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Pinhalzinho is a municipality/county in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Pirassununga is a municipality/county in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Porto Ferreira is a municipality/county in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Santa Cruz das Palmeiras is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... The title of this article contains the character ô. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Santo Antonio do Jardim. ... The title of this article contains the character ã. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Sao Joao da Boa Vista. ... The title of this article contains the following characters: ã and é. Where they are unavailable or not desired, the name may be given as Sao Jose do Rio Pardo. ... The title of this article contains the character ã. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Sao Sebastiao da Grama. ... A view of the Serra Negra from the Morro do Mirante Statue of Christ the Redeemer at the top of a hill in the city of Serra Negra Serra Negra is a city and municipality in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. ... Socorro is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... The title of this article contains the character ú. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Tambau. ... Tapiratiba is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Vargem Grande do Sul is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Vinhedo is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ...


Other cities which are geographically, historically or economically tied to the meso-region of Campinas could be mentioned: Araras, Atibaia, Bragança Paulista, Capivari, Conchal, Iracemápolis, Itu, Itupeva, Jarinu, Jundiai, Limeira, Louveira, Mombuca, Morungaba, Piracicaba, Rafard, Rio das Pedras, Salto and Tuiuti. Araras is a city and county in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. ... Atibaia is a Brazilian city located in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. ... Bragança Paulista is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Capivari is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Conchal is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Iracemápolis is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... This article is about the location. ... Itupeva is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Jarinu is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Jundiaí is a city and county in the São Paulo, Brazil. ... Limeira is a city in the southeastern part state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Louveira is a municipality/county in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Mombuca is a municipality/county in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Morungaba is a municipality/county in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Piracicaba is a city located in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. ... Rafard is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Rio das Pedras is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Salto may refer to: Places Brazil Salto, Brazil (pop: 103,844 2004), São Paulo Cape Verde Salto, Cape Verde, a parish in the municipality of São Filipe in the southern part of Fogo Island Portugal Salto, Portugal, a parish in the municipality of Montalegre Uruguay Salto, Uruguay, a... Tuiuti is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ...


Economy

See a list of companies in Campinas The following is a partial list of private and public companies based in the mesoregion of Campinas, in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, as of August 2006. ...

Historical building of the Jockey Club of Campinas, illuminated for the Christmas season of 2005
Modern office building at the North-South Avenue. Photo by Renato M.E. Sabbatini

Campinas' main economic activities are agriculture (mainly coffee, sugarcane, and cotton), industry (textiles, motorcycles, cars, machinery, agricultural equipment, food and beverages, chemical and petrochemical, pharmaceuticals, paper and cellulose, telecommunications, computers and electronics, etc.), commerce and services. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 483 KB) Historical building of the Jockey Club of Campinas, Brazil, illuminated for the Christmas season of 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: Campinas Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1600x1200, 483 KB) Historical building of the Jockey Club of Campinas, Brazil, illuminated for the Christmas season of 2005 File links The following pages link to this file: Campinas Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Renato M.E. Sabbatini Renato Marcos Endrizzi Sabbatini, Brazilian biomedical and computer scientist, educator, science writer, entrepreneur and administrator, born in Campinas, State of São Paulo, Brazil, on 20 February 1947. ... A cup of coffee Workers sorting and pulping coffee beans in Guatemala Mature coffee fruit still on the plant Coffee is a widely consumed beverage prepared from the roasted seeds — commonly referred to as beans — of the coffee plant. ... Species Saccharum arundinaceum Saccharum bengalense Saccharum edule Saccharum officinarum Saccharum procerum Saccharum ravennae Saccharum robustum Saccharum sinense Saccharum spontaneum Sugarcane or Sugar cane (Saccharum) is a genus of 6 to 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation) of tall grasses (family Poaceae, tribe Andropogoneae), native to warm temperate to tropical regions... Cotton ready for harvest. ... This article is about the type of fabric. ... A variety of parked motorcycles A motorcycle or motorbike is a single-track, two-wheeled motor vehicle powered by an engine. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... A machine is any mechanical or electrical device that transmits or modifies energy to perform or assist in the performance of tasks. ... Farm equipment is any kind of machinery used on a farm to help with farming. ... Chemical tanks in Lillebonne, France Chemical industry includes those industries involved in the production of petrochemicals, agrochemicals, pharmaceuticals, polymers, paints, oleochemicals etc. ... A petrochemical is any chemical derived from fossil fuel. ... Pharmacology (in Greek: pharmacon is drug, and logos is science) is the study of how chemical substances interfere with living systems. ... A blank sheet of paper Paper is a commodity of thin material produced by the amalgamation of fibers, typically vegetable fibers composed of cellulose, which are subsequently held together by hydrogen bonding. ... Cellulose as polymer of β-D-glucose Cellulose in 3D Cellulose (C6H10O5)n is a polysaccharide of beta-glucose. ... Telecommunication involves the transmission of signals over a distance for the purpose of communication. ... The tower of a personal computer. ... Electronics is the study of the flow of charge through various materials and devices such as, semiconductors, resistors, inductors, capacitors, nano-structures, and vacuum tubes. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


The region is an economic powerhouse, responsible for 9% of Brazil's Gross Domestic Product (GDP), with just over 3% of the country's population. Per capita income is one of the highest in Latin America (over US$ 9,000/year Purchase Parity Power). Absolute GDP has experienced a growth of more than 50%¨between 2000 and 2003. Five cities in Campinas' region are among the 100 largest in GDPs in Brazil (Campinas, Paulínia, Americana, Sumaré and Indaiatuba), with Campinas occupying the 14th position (total GDP of US$ 60 billion). About 70 companies listed in the directory of the 500 largest private and public companies are headquartered in the Campinas region, with a total gross sales volume of more than 25 billion dollars in 2005 and more than 100,000 workers. Nominal GDP per person (capita) in 2006. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... Paulínia is a municipality/county in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... A diner, a style of restaurant that notably began in the United States. ... Sumaré is a city and county in the State of São Paulo, Brazil. ... Indaiatuba is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ...


Campinas has been dubbed the Brazilian Silicon Valley, since it is home to many national and international high-tech industries (IBM, Motorola, Freescale, Lucent, Nortel, Compaq, Celestica, Samsung, Alcatel, Bosch, 3M, Texas Instruments and so on. Brazilian Silicon Valley is an epithet commonly applied to the city of Campinas, Brazil, because of its similarity to the real Silicon Valley, located in California in the USA. Campinas has rightfully owned this distinction because it has several features, such as: A modern city, located near a giant metropolis... International Business Machines Corporation (IBM, or colloquially, Big Blue) (NYSE: IBM) (incorporated June 15, 1911, in operation since 1888) is headquartered in Armonk, New York, USA. The company manufactures and sells computer hardware, software, and services. ... Motorola Inc. ... American corporation Freescale Semiconductor, Inc. ... In 1996, AT&T spun off its Systems and Technology units, along with the famous Bell Laboratories, to form a new company named Lucent Technologies (NYSE: LU). ... Northern Telecommunications Networks, commonly known as Nortel, is a telecommunications equipment manufacturer headquartered in Canada. ... Compaq Computer Corporation is an American personal computer company founded in 1982, and now a brand name of Hewlett-Packard. ... Celestica Inc. ... Samsung Group is one of the largest South Korean business groupings. ... Alcatel SA is a global company, headquartered in France that provides hardware, software and services to telecommunications service providers and enterprises. ... Logo of Robert Bosch GmbH Robert Bosch GmbH [1] is a German corporation which was started in 1886 by Robert Bosch in Stuttgart, Germany. ... 3M Company (NYSE: MMM; formerly Minnesota Mining and Manufacturing Company until 2002) is an American corporation with a worldwide presence that produces over 55,000 products, including adhesives, abrasives, laminates, passive fire protection, dental products, electrical materials, electronic circuits, optical films and supply chain management software. ... Texas Instruments (NYSE: TXN), better known in the electronics industry (and popularly) as TI, is an American company based in Dallas, Texas, USA, renowned for developing and commercializing semiconductor and computer technology. ...


The automotive industry is also heavily represented, such as General Motors, Mercedes-Benz, Honda, Magneti Marelli, Eaton Corporation, Tenneco and many others. It also has a sizable pharmaceutical industry sector, with companies like Medley Farma, EMS Farma, Altana, Merck Sharp and Dohme, Cristália, Valeo, etc. General Motors Corporation (NYSE: GM), also known as GM, is an American automobile maker with worldwide operations and brands including Buick, Cadillac, Chevrolet, GMC, Holden, Hummer, Opel, Pontiac, Saturn, Saab and Vauxhall. ... This page is about the Mercedes-Benz brand of automobiles and trucks from the DaimlerChrysler automobile manufacturer. ... The logo of the Honda automobiles The logo of the Honda motorcycles Honda Motor Company, Limited )   (TYO: 7267 , NYSE: HMC), or simply called Honda, is a Japanese multinational corporation, engine manufacturer and engineering corporation. ... Magneti-Marelli is an Italian company which designs and produces high-tech components and systems for the automotive industry. ... Eaton Corporation (NYSE: ETN), a Fortune 500 company based in Cleveland, Ohio, USA, is a global diversified industrial manufacturer with 2002 sales of $7. ... Tenneco (formerly Tenneco Automotive) is a $3. ... Altana AG (NYSE: AAA) is a German chemical and pharmaceutical company based in Bad Homburg vor der Höhe. ... Merck & Co. ... VALEO is a French automotive components manufacturer. ...


In addition the region is home to many research centers and universities (such as LNLS, CPqD, CenPRA, EMBRAPA, UNICAMP, and PUCCAMP). The Laboratorio Nacional de Luz Sincroton (National Laboratory of Synchrotron Light) is a facility operated by the Brazilian Association for Synchrotron Light Technology (ABTLuS) under a contract with CNPq, the National Research Council of the Ministry of Science and Technology and the Brazilian Ministry of Science and Technology (MCT). ... The Centro de Pesquisa e Desenvolvimento em Telecomunicações (CPqD) is a Brazilian research and development institution in telecommunications. ... The Centro de Pesquisas Renato Archer (CenPRA) is a research and development center of the Brazilian Ministry of Science and Technology (MCT), previously named Fundação Centro Tecnológico para Informática (CTI), which was founded 1982. ... The Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuária (Brazilian Enterprise of Agropecuary Research) is a state-owned company affiliated to the Brazilian Ministry of Agriculture, which is devoted to pure and applied research on agriculture. ... The State University of Campinas (Universidade Estadual de Campinas, shorlty Unicamp) is one of the public universities of the State of São Paulo, Brazil. ... Pontificial Catholic University of Campinas is a denominational university based in the city of Campinas, in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. ...


The region also boasts being the Brazilian city with the largest number of high-tech business incubators and industrial parks (in a total of eight), such as the CIATEC I and II, Softex, TechnoPark, InCamp, Polis, TechTown, Industrial Park of Campinas and others. This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


According to Wired Magazine, Campinas is one of the highest-growth high-tech areas in Latin America, second only to the city of São Paulo itself. Since 1995, the city has received over US$ 7 billion in investments in telecommunications, information technology and electronics. Of the 500 largest companies listed by Fortune magazine, 50 are already established in the Campinas region. Wired is a full-color monthly magazine and on-line periodical published in San Francisco, California since March 1993. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... Fortune magazine is Americas second longest-running business magazine after Forbes magazine. ...


The presence of one of the largest oil refineries in Latin America (350,824 barrels of crude per day), operated by Petrobras in the neighboring county of Paulínia, has attracted many petrochemical industries to the Campinas area, including DuPont, Rhone-Poulenc, and Royal Dutch Shell. View of the Shell/Valero Martinez oil refinery An oil refinery is an industrial process plant where crude oil is processed and refined into useful petroleum products. ... Barrel can refer to: Barrels for storage. ... Crude can refer to: impure, unsanitary or imperfect Off-color humor (or crude humour) Petroleum in its unprocessed form ‹ The template below has been proposed for deletion. ... Petrobras, short for Petróleo Brasileiro S.A., is a government-owned Brazilian oil company headquartered in Rio de Janeiro. ... Paulínia is a municipality/county in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Dupont, DuPont, Du Pont, or du Pont may refer to: // E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company, the worlds third largest chemical company Du Pont Motors Gilbert Dupont, a French stock brokerage part of retail banking network Crédit du Nord ST Dupont, a French manufacturer of fine... Royal Dutch Shell PLC is a multinational oil company (oil major) of British and Dutch origins. ...


Several key technologies in which Brazil achieved leadership at international level were developed in and around Campinas. For example, the unique and highly-successful Brazilian Pró-Álcool Program (development of a whole industry around the use of ethanol as a combustible for motor vehicles, going from a new sucrose-rich sugarcane, to alcohol refineries, a huge distribution system, as well as a new engine), etc.; and, more recently, an internal combustion engine capable of using either gasoline or ethanol. Sucrose (common name: table sugar, also called saccharose) is a disaccharide (glucose + fructose) with the molecular formula C12H22O11. ... Species Saccharum arundinaceum Saccharum bengalense Saccharum edule Saccharum officinarum Saccharum procerum Saccharum ravennae Saccharum robustum Saccharum sinense Saccharum spontaneum Sugarcane or Sugar cane (Saccharum) is a genus of 6 to 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation) of tall grasses (family Poaceae, tribe Andropogoneae), native to warm temperate to tropical regions... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Gasoline or petrol is a petroleum-derived liquid mixture consisting mostly of hydrocarbons and enhanced with benzene or iso-octane to increase octane ratings, used as fuel in internal combustion engines. ... Grain alcohol redirects here. ...


Other examples of Campinas-bred technologies were fiber optics, lasers for telecommunications and medicine applications, integrated circuits design and fabrication, satellite environmental monitoring of natural resources, software for agriculture, digital telephone switches, deep-water oil exploration platforms and technologies, biomedical equipment, medical software, genetic engineering and recombinant DNA technologies for food production and pharmaceutics, food engineering, and many others. Fiber Optic strands An optical fiber in American English or fibre in British English is a transparent thin fiber for transmitting light. ... Experiment with a laser (US Military) In physics, a laser is a device that emits light through a specific mechanism for which the term laser is an acronym: light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation. ... Integrated circuit of Atmel Diopsis 740 System on Chip showing memory blocks, logic and input/output pads around the periphery Microchips with a transparent window, showing the integrated circuit inside. ... Earth observation satellites are satellites specifically designed to observe Earth from orbit, similar to reconnaissance satellites but intended for non-military uses such as environmental monitoring, meteorology, map making etc. ... In the field of telecommunications, a central office houses equipment that is commonly known as simply a switch, which is a piece of equipment that connects phone calls. ... In computers, medical software is a significant branch of software engineering. ... An iconic image of genetic engineering; this autoluminograph from 1986 of a glowing transgenic tobacco plant bearing the luciferase gene, illustrating the possibilities of genetic engineering. ... The structure of part of a DNA double helix Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) is a nucleic acid that contains the genetic instructions for the development and function of living organisms. ... Food engineering refers to the engineering aspects of food production and processing. ...


Socio-economic conditions

Despite Campinas' position of wealth and social and economic opportunity vis-a-vis the rest of the country, the average per capita income of little more than US$ 2,700 per year clearly indicates that there are problems. If re-evaluated in terms of PPP (Purchasing Power Parity), Campinas' average income looks better (roughly 9,000 USD per year). In fact, Campinas is emblematic of the wealth distribution inequality that is so common in the country (Brazil is the 14th largest economy in the world, but ranks only 32nd in wealth generation per capita, and 117th in average Gini coefficient). Campinas has a Gini coefficient of 58%, which is almost the same as that of Brazil (59.3), a level similar to countries such as Zimbabwe and Paraguay. Such a level means that the top 10% richest make almost 70 times more than the 10% poorest. The Purchasing power parity (PPP) theory was developed by Gustav Cassel in 1920. ... Graphical representation of the Gini coefficient The Gini coefficient is a measure of inequality of a distribution. ...


This level of poverty contrasts with the high Human Development Index of Campinas, which is about the same level as Chile, Hungary, Poland, Lithuania and Slovakia. The explanation for this apparent contradiction is that side by side, even in the same city section, one can find walled condominiums with a yearly average per capita income of US$ 60,000 to US$ 100,000 and spreading "favelas" (slum cities) with incomes of less than US$ 800 p.a. The classes A and B help move the local economy, and provide a strong tax base for the municipality. A boy from an East Cipinang trash dump slum in Jakarta, Indonesia shows what he found. ... This article refers to a form of housing. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ...


Until the late 1970s, Campinas was proud to have no favelas, but the increasing industrialization and wealth attracted hordes of destitute agrarian workers and urban dwellers with few job qualifications from all parts of the country. Land invasions were frequent and the municipal powers were unable or unwilling to suppress them, allowing illegal occupation of land in key sectors of the city (in Brazil, state and counties are forbidden by the Federal Constitution to restrict or even measure the free movement of citizens).


Due to all this, Campinas has relatively high crime rates for its size. Most of the violent crimes (armed robbery and homicides) are related to drug trafficking and occur in the poorer sections of the city. Homicide (Latin homicidium, homo human being + caedere to cut, kill) refers to the act of killing another human being. ... Retail selling Street selling is the bottom of the chain and can be accomplished through purchasing from prostitutes, through cloaked retail stores or refuse houses for users in the act located in red-light districts which often also deal in paraphernalia, dealers marketing merriment at night clubs and other events...


Transportation

Campinas Beltway
Campinas Beltway
Dom Pedro I Highway, part of Campinas Beltway
Dom Pedro I Highway, part of Campinas Beltway

Campinas is a major transportation and telecommunications hub for the State of São Paulo, as it is located on the major highways that connect the capital to the Northwest and Northern parts of the State. The city is served by the a Campinas Beltway (Anel Viário) and the following main highways: Image File history File links Anel-Viario-Campinas. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (975x659, 156 KB) Summary Rodovia Dom Pedro I, a highway in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, showing a section at approximately km 145, near Campinas. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (975x659, 156 KB) Summary Rodovia Dom Pedro I, a highway in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, showing a section at approximately km 145, near Campinas. ... Flag of São Paulo See other Brazilian States Capital São Paulo Largest City São Paulo City Area 248,176. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Landmark buildings Edifício Italia (at left) and Copan (curved façade at center), in São Paulo Downtown. ...

All these highways are very modern and constructed according to the highest international standards (see highway system of São Paulo). The Anel Viário José Magalhães Teixeira (SP-038) around the city currently interconnects the Anhangüera and Dom Pedro I highways. The Anhangüera Highway itinerary in the state of São Paulo highway system Rodovia Anhangüera (official designation SP-330) is a highway in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. ... Map of the Bandeirantes Highway (in red) Rodovia Bandeirantes (official designation SP-348) is a highway in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. ... Map of the itinerary of Rodovia Santos Dumond (in red) Rodovia Santos Dumont (oficially designated SP-075) is a highway in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. ... Map of the Dom Pedro I Highway (in red) Rodovia Dom Pedro I (official designation SP-065) is a highway in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. ... Map of the itinerary of Adhemar de Barros Highway (in red) Rodovia Governador Adhemar Pereira de Barros (official designation SP-340) is a highway in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. ... Itinerary map of Rodovia Milton Tavares de Souza (in red) Rodovia General Milton Tavares de Souza (official designation SP-332, also known as Rodovia Campinas-Paulínia or Tapetão) is a highway in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. ... Photo by Renato M.E. Sabbatini. ... The highway system of São Paulo is the largest statewide road transportation system in Brazil, with 34,650 km. ... Map of the Highway Ring of Campinas The Anel Viário José Magalhães Teixeira (official designation SP-038) is the Campinas Beltway, a ring of high-speed highways surrounding the city of Campinas, in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. ...


Campinas has long been a major railway hub, too, although passenger train lines no longer operate there.


Its international airport, Viracopos Airport, has long been the State's main air cargo terminal, and its passenger traffic is rapidly expanding. Viracopos-Campinas International Airport is the international airport in Campinas, Brazil. ... A container terminal is a facility where cargo containers are loaded or unloaded from ships to land vehicles, for further transport. ...


Communications

Campinas is a major telecommunications hub in the state and in the country. It has the largest per capita number of fixed and mobile telephone lines in the São Paulo state and one of the largest in the country. The city is also a major hub for cable, fiber optic, microwave and satellite communication networks. COMSAT operates near Campinas one of the largest satellite ground stations in Latin America, and the National Research and Education Network (Rede Nacional de Pesquisa e Educação) has a high-capacity point of presence (POP) in the city. Cellular redirects here. ... Nickname: Motto: Non ducor, duco(Latin) I am not led, I lead Location in the São Paulo state. ... Fiber Optic strands An optical fiber in American English or fibre in British English is a transparent thin fiber for transmitting light. ... Microwaves are electromagnetic waves with wavelengths longer than those of terahertz (THz) frequencies, but relatively short for radio waves. ... An Earth observation satellite, ERS 2 For other uses, see Satellite (disambiguation). ... A telecommunications network is a network of telecommunications links arranged so that messages may be passed from one part of the network to another over multiple links. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... A National Research and Education Network (NREN) is a specialised internet service provider dedicated to supporting the needs of the research and education communities within a country. ...


Media

Three daily newspapers are published in Campinas, all owned by media company Rede Anhangüera de Comunicação: Correio Popular, Diário do Povo and Notícia Já (a tabloid). Several other local newspapers with weekly or monthly circulation are also published. Several magazines are also published in Campinas, the largest one being Metrópole, which circulates on Sundays as a supplement to Correio Popular. Rede Anhangüera de Comunicação (Anhangüera Communication Network) is one of the largest private holding companies of mass media. ... Correio Popular is the largest daily newspaper in the city of Campinas, state of São Paulo, Brazil. ... Cover of Diário do Povo, 12. ... Notícia Já is a popular daily newspaper in the city of Campinas, state of São Paulo, Brazil. ...


The city has also a large number of radio stations as well as several local TV stations, including TV Universidades and Fenix TV (both not-for-profit, distributed by Net Campinas, the local cable distributor) A radio station is an audio (sound) broadcasting service, traditionally broadcast through the air as radio waves (a form of electromagnetic radiation) from a transmitter to an antenna and a thus to a receiving device. ... A television station is a type of radio station that broadcasts both audio and video to television receivers in a particular area. ... Net Serviços de Comunicação S.A. is the largest pay television operator in Brazil. ...


Ecology

Typical residential area in downtown Campinas. The many trees include an ipê tree with violet flowers
Typical residential area in downtown Campinas. The many trees include an ipê tree with violet flowers

Campinas has a relevant ecological interest area (Portuguese: Área de Relevante Interesse Ecológico) — Santa Genebra forest, with 2.51 km², created in 1985 and regulated by IBAMA, Campinas City Hall and José Pedro de Oliveira Foundation. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1075 KB) pt: Ipês lilás na rua Coronel Quirino no bairro Cambuí em Campinas-SP. en: Lilac Ipês in the street Quirino Colonel in the Cambuí quarter in Campinas-SP. File links The following pages link to... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 1075 KB) pt: Ipês lilás na rua Coronel Quirino no bairro Cambuí em Campinas-SP. en: Lilac Ipês in the street Quirino Colonel in the Cambuí quarter in Campinas-SP. File links The following pages link to... Species See text Tabebuia impetiginosa flowers Tabebuia is a Neotropical genus of about 100 species in the tribe Tecomeae of the family Bignoniaceae. ...


Campinas has always been a very "green" town, with many trees in the streets and public parks. Among the public parks, there are the "Bosque Municipal", the "Lagoa do Taquaral Park", the "Ecological Park of Campinas" and the "Lagoa da UNICAMP" Park. These parks feature jogging and bicycle paths. Jogging is a form of trotting or running at a slow or leisurely pace. ... “Velo” redirects here. ...


Climate

Campinas is located on the São Paulo plateau, in the transition area to the Serra da Mantiqueira mountain range. It has an excellent climate throughout the year, characterized by mostly sunny days (more than 200 days in the year), a mild temperature range (average yearly temperature of 22.4 degrees Celsius, ranging from an average minimum of 12.2 degrees to a maximum of 29.9 degrees) and a constant regime of cool winds. Due to this, Campinas has little air pollution and smog and the local airports almost never close due to bad weather. Thanks to a regular rain regimen, the region's vegetation is evergreen, and some crops, such as sugarcane have three harvests per year. Image:NONE Monte Roraima In geology and earth science, a plateau, also called a high plateau or tableland, is an area of highland, usually consisting of relatively flat rural area. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Mantiqueira Mountains. ... Average maximum, minimum and range of monthly air temperatures recorded in Campinas, Brazil, between January 2001 and July 2006 Average maximum, minimum and range of monthly air temperatures recorded in Aracaju, state of Sergipe, Brazil, between January 2001 and July 2006 Temperature range is the numerical difference between the minimum... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... It has been suggested that Pollutant be merged into this article or section. ... Victorian London was notorious for its thick smogs, or pea-soupers, a fact that is often recreated to add an air of mystery to a period costume drama. ... Rain is a type of precipitation which forms when separate drops of water fall to the Earths surface from clouds. ... The leaves of evrgreens have a thick, green outer layer to protect them from low temperatures. ... Species Saccharum arundinaceum Saccharum bengalense Saccharum edule Saccharum officinarum Saccharum procerum Saccharum ravennae Saccharum robustum Saccharum sinense Saccharum spontaneum Sugarcane or Sugar cane (Saccharum) is a genus of 6 to 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation) of tall grasses (family Poaceae, tribe Andropogoneae), native to warm temperate to tropical regions...


The wet season is from mid-October to mid-June, with heavier rains particularly in January and February, and the dry season is from mid-June to mid-October. Average rainfall is 24.3 mm in August and 267.8 mm in January. Average humidity ranges from 37% (August) to 56% (January). In meteorology, precipitation is any kind of water that falls from the sky as part of the weather. ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ...


In the region around Campinas near the state of Minas Gerais there are a number of cities enjoying an even milder mountain climate, such as Atibaia, Águas de Lindóia, Itapira, Itatiba, Joanópolis, Serra Negra, Socorro, where several water spas are located. Flag of Minas Gerais See other Brazilian States Capital Belo Horizonte Largest City Belo Horizonte Area 586,528. ... Atibaia is a Brazilian city located in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. ... The title of this article contains the following characters: á and ó. Where they are unavailable or not desired, the name may be given as Aguas de Lindoia. ... Itapira is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Itatiba is a municipality in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... Joanópolis is a municipality/county in the state of São Paulo in Brazil. ... A view of the Serra Negra from the Morro do Mirante Statue of Christ the Redeemer at the top of a hill in the city of Serra Negra Serra Negra is a city and municipality in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. ... Socorro is a Spanish word that means aid, by providing help or relief. ... A destination spa is a business establishment which people visit for personal health, life enhancement, fitness, personal care treatments such as massages, facials, in a resort setting. ...


Education and health

Campinas has strong educational and health care institutions which attract students and patients from all over Latin America. Besides a state university, UNICAMP, Campinas boasts a student population of over 60,000, with many private universities having campuses in the city. Several of its hospitals and specialized clinics are among the best in Brazil, such as the huge State University of Campinas Clinics Hospital, Instituto Penido Burnier, Centro Infantil Domingos Boldrini and many others. A physician visiting the sick in a hospital. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... The State University of Campinas (Universidade Estadual de Campinas, shorlty Unicamp) is one of the public universities of the State of São Paulo, Brazil. ...


Universities and colleges

Partial view of the State University of Campinas campus
  • UNICAMP (Universidade Estadual de Campinas)
  • PUCC (Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas)
  • UNIP (Universidade Paulista)
  • FACAMP (Faculdades de Campinas)
  • METROCAMP (Faculdade Integrada Metropolitana de Campinas)
  • IPEP (Faculdades Integradas IPEP)
  • UNISAL (Centro Universitário Salesiano)
  • USF (Universidade São Francisco)
  • ESAMC (Escola Superior de Administração, Marketing e Comunicação)
  • Universidade Mackenzie
  • FAC (Faculdades Comunitárias de Campinas) = Anhangüera Educacional S.A.
  • Faculdades Fleming

Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 508 pixelsFull resolution (1031 × 655 pixel, file size: 152 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Buildings of the School of Chemical Engineering of the State University of Campinas, in Campinas, state of São Paulo, Brazil. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 508 pixelsFull resolution (1031 × 655 pixel, file size: 152 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) Buildings of the School of Chemical Engineering of the State University of Campinas, in Campinas, state of São Paulo, Brazil. ... Main entrance of the Campinas campus Universidade Estadual de Campinas (State University of Campinas), shortly Unicamp, is one of the public universities of the State of São Paulo, Brazil. ... Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Campinas (Pontificial Catholic University of Campinas) is a denominational university based in the city of Campinas, in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. ... Main building of Anhangüera Educacional SA in Valinhos, Brazil. ...

Technical schools

  • ETE Bento Quirino (Escola Técnica Estadual Bento Quirino)
  • ETECAP (Escola Técnica Estadual Conselheiro Antonio Prado)
  • COTUCA (Colégio Técnico da Universidade de Campinas)

The Technical High School of Campinas (in Portuguese, Colégio Técnico de Campinas - COTUCA), maintained by the State University of Campinas, provides free of charge courses on Nursing, Computer Sciences, Mechanical, Electrical Engineering and Food Engineering. ...

Culture

Old railway station of Campinas, now a cultural and educational center
Old railway station of Campinas, now a cultural and educational center
The Cathedral of Campinas, the Church of Our Lady. It was built in the 19th century; its interior is entirely made of jacaranda wood sculptures and works.
The Cathedral of Campinas, the Church of Our Lady. It was built in the 19th century; its interior is entirely made of jacaranda wood sculptures and works.

The city has always been a cultural center in the State of São Paulo. This has increased greatly with the proliferation of universities. Campinas has three theater houses, a symphony orchestra,(considered one of the three best of the country),now under Principal Conductor Karl Martin, classical music ensembles, choral groups, 43 movie theaters, dozens of libraries (including a municipal library), art galleries, museums, etc. Cultural life is varied and intense, particularly in popular music. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 547 KB)   File links The following pages link to this file: Campinas ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (2048x1536, 547 KB)   File links The following pages link to this file: Campinas ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 462 KB) pt: Igreja católica Nossa Senhora da Conceição no centro de Campinas-SP. en: Church catholic Igreja Nossa Senhora da Conceição (Ours Lady of the Conceição) in the center of Campinas-SP. File links The... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 462 KB) pt: Igreja católica Nossa Senhora da Conceição no centro de Campinas-SP. en: Church catholic Igreja Nossa Senhora da Conceição (Ours Lady of the Conceição) in the center of Campinas-SP. File links The...


Sports

Campinas is the home town for two of the oldest and most significant soccer teams of Brazil, the Associação Atlética Ponte Preta (one of the oldest football teams in Brazil, having been founded in 1900) and Guarani Futebol Clube (the only Brazilian interior team to have won the national championship, in 1978). They own two magnificent stadiums, the Estádio Brinco de Ouro and the Estádio Moisés Lucarelli, other team is the Campinas Futebol Clube. Football is a ball game played between two teams of eleven players, each attempting to win by scoring more goals than their opponent. ... Ponte Preta is a Brazilian football club located in Campinas, São Paulo. ... Guarani Futebol Clube is a Brazilian football club located in Campinas, São Paulo. ... The Série A is the main division of Brazilian football. ... Estádio Brinco de Ouro The Estádio Brinco de Ouro, also known as Estádio Brinco de Ouro da Princesa, is a football stadium inaugurated on May 31, 1953 in Campinas, São Paulo, with a maximum capacity of 30,800 people. ... Estádio Moisés Lucarelli The Estádio Moisés Lucarelli, also known as Estádio Majestoso, is a football stadium inaugurated on September 12, 1948 in Campinas, São Paulo, with a maximum capacity of 19,722 people. ...


Resources for foreigners

Due to the high concentration of multinational and foreign-controlled companies, Campinas has developed a unique and resourceful structure to welcome and to serve executives and workers from other countries who reside in the city. There are two primary/secondary schools that teach in English or German and follow the Northern hemisphere school calendar, theAmerican School of Campinas and the Colégio Visconde do Rio Branco (German). Campinas is also the seat of a branch of the American Chamber of Commerce. A number of high-level walled housing condominiums such as Gramado, Alphaville, and others, provide world-class comfort and security at reasonable prices. Hotel and restaurant infrastructure is excellent and plentiful, with many international chains operating in the city, such as Accor and Meliá. A Convention and Visitors Bureau exists in the city and is very helpful. A large international-class convention center is available at the Royal Palm Hotel, and videoconferencing facilities for rental are available at the Campinas Videoconference Center (at Edumed Institute). Chambers of commerce are business advocacy groups which are usually not associated with government. ... This article refers to a form of housing. ... Alphaville is: A German music trio. ... Accor (Euronext: AC) is a large French multinational corporation, part of the CAC 40 index, whose main business is running chains of hotels and restaurants. ... Categories: Wikipedia cleanup | Groupware | Telecommunications stubs ... The Edumed Institute for Education in Medicine and Health is an international research, development and education organization based in Campinas, state of São Paulo, Brazil. ...


Administration

Palácio dos Jequitibás, the Mayoral Palace of Campinas
Palácio dos Jequitibás, the Mayoral Palace of Campinas

Campinas has an annual municipal budget of over US$ 500 million dollars, one of the highest in Brazil. The current mayor is Hélio de Oliveira Santos, a physician, former professor of pediatric surgery at the UNICAMP Medical School and federal congressman, who was elected by a coalition of several political parties, led by the Partido Democrático Trabalhista. His term runs from Jan. 1, 2005 to Dec. 31, 2008. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 712 KB) pt: Palácio dos Jequitibás - Prefeitura municipal de Campinas-SP, localizada no centro. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1536x2048, 712 KB) pt: Palácio dos Jequitibás - Prefeitura municipal de Campinas-SP, localizada no centro. ... Look up budget in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Hélio de Oliveira Santos is a physician graduated in the Medical School of the State University of Campinas, federal representative, and current mayor of the municipality of Campinas, state of São Paulo, Brazil, since January 2005. ... The Doctor by Luke Fildes This article is about the term physician, one type of doctor; for other uses of the word doctor see Doctor. ... Pediatric surgery (sometimes spelled paediatric surgery) is a subspecialty of surgery involving the surgery of fetuses, infants, children, adolescents, and young adults. ... Main buildings, Nov. ... A coalition is an alliance among entities, during which they cooperate in joint action, each in their own self-interest. ... A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around very special issues. ... The Democratic Labour Party (PDT) (Partido Democrático Trabalhista) is a Center-Left political party in Brazil. ...


The municipality is subdivided into one main district and four subdistricts, Joaquim Egídio, Sousas, Barão Geraldo and Nova Aparecida. There are also 14 regional administrations. Barão Geraldo is a district of the municipality of Campinas, in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. ...


Notable people from Campinas

  • Arnaldo Vieira de Carvalho- physician
  • Campos Sales - polítician, fourth president of Brazil
  • Carlos Gomes - musician and composer
  • Carlos Zara - actor and director
  • Celly Campello - singer
  • Cláudia Raia - actress
  • Durval de Lima Junior - músico e ator
  • Francisco Glicério - senator
  • Fausto Silva - journalist and TV show host
  • Guilherme de Almeida - poet and writer
  • Heitor Penteado - polítician, mayor of Campinas and state governor
  • José Carlos de Figueiredo Ferraz - polítician, mayor of São Paulo
  • José Pancetti - painter
  • Júlio de Mesquita - joyrnalista, publisher and owner of newspaper O Estado de S. Paulo
  • Lidia Brondi - actress
  • Luciano do Valle - sports radio speaker and TV presenter
  • Maitê Proença - actress
  • Marília Gabriela - journalist, actress and TV show hostess
  • Nelsinho Baptista - soccer player
  • Olavo de Carvalho - philosopher and writer
  • Gabriela Duarte - actress
  • Sandy Leah Lima - singer and actress

Manuel Ferraz de Campos Sales (February 15, 1841 - June 28, 1913) was a Brazilian lawyer, coffee farmer and politician; provincial deputy three times, general-deputy once, minister of justice, senator and governor of São Paulo (1894-1897). ... Brazilian Presidential Standard The first president of Brazil was Deodoro da Fonseca, who proclaimed the republic in a military coup detât against the Emperor Dom Pedro II. Since then, Brazil had six constitutions, two dictatorships and three democratic periods. ... Antônio Carlos Gomes (July 11, 1836 - September 16, 1896) is one of the most distinguished nineteenth century classical composers, being the first New World composer whose work was accepted by Europe. ... O Estado de São Paulo logo. ... Maitê Proença Gallo (b. ... Nélson Baptista Júnior, usually known as Nelsinho Baptista (born on July 22, 1950 in Campinas, São Paulo state), is a former football (soccer) right back and is currently a manager. ... Olavo de Carvalho (born April 26, 1949, in the city of Campinas, in the state of São Paulo) is a Brazilian astrologian, philosopher and political pundit. ...

Footnotes

  1. ^ Malito torna-se cidade-irmã de Campinas. www.campinas.sp.gov.br.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:

22°54′03.29″S, 47°03′26.26″WCoordinates: 22°54′03.29″S, 47°03′26.26″W Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... The Wikimedia Commons (also called Wikicommons) is a repository of free content images, sound and other multimedia files. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Campinas - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2433 words)
Campinas was the birthplace of opera composer Carlos Gomes (1836—1896) and of the President of the Republic Campos Salles (1841—1913).
Campinas' official crest and flag has a picture of the mythical bird, the phoenix, because it was practically reborn after a devastating epidemic of yellow fever in the 1800s, which killed more than 25% of the city's inhabitants.
Campinas is a major transportation and telecommunications hub for the State of São Paulo, as it is located on the major highways that connect the capital to the Northwest and Northern parts of the State.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

COMMENTARY     


Share your thoughts, questions and commentary here
Your name
Your comments

Want to know more?
Search encyclopedia, statistics and forums:

 


Press Releases |  Feeds | Contact
The Wikipedia article included on this page is licensed under the GFDL.
Images may be subject to relevant owners' copyright.
All other elements are (c) copyright NationMaster.com 2003-5. All Rights Reserved.
Usage implies agreement with terms, 1022, m