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Encyclopedia > Campbell, California

Campbell is a city located in Santa Clara County, California, part of Silicon Valley. As of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 38,138. Although not a major high-tech city like many of its neighbors, Campbell is the original home of eBay and of its creator, Pierre Omidyar. Location of Santa Clara County within California. ... A view of downtown San Jose, the self-proclaimed Capital of Silicon Valley. Like many large cities, San Joses downtown is expansive and encompasses much more area than shown in this view. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The title of this article is shown beginning with a capital letter due to technical restrictions. ... Pierre Omidyar (born 21 June 1967) is an American entrepreneur and philanthropist, and the founder and chairman of the eBay auction site. ...


Campbell is home to the Pruneyard Shopping Center, a sprawling open-air retail complex. Pruneyard was involved in a famous U.S. Supreme Court case that established the extent of the right to free speech in California. The associated Pruneyard Towers, built in 1970, was for many years the tallest building between San Francisco and Los Angeles. The PruneYard Shopping Center is a sprawling 250,000 sq. ... The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C. The Supreme Court Building, Washington, D.C., (large image) The Supreme Court of the United States, located in Washington, D.C., is the highest court (see supreme court) in the United States; that is, it has ultimate judicial authority within the United States... State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (R) Senators Dianne Feinstein (D) Barbara Boxer (D) Official language(s) English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ... This page is a candidate for speedy deletion. ... This article is about the largest city in California. ...

Contents


Geography

Location of Campbell, California

Campbell is located at 37°17'2" North, 121°57'18" West (37.283909, -121.955026)GR1. It is bordered on the east and north by San Jose and on the south by Los Gatos. A narrow strip of San Jose separates Campbell on the west from Saratoga. Image File history File links Adapted from Wikipedias CA county maps by Bumm13. ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... City nickname: Capital of Silicon Valley Location Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California. ... Los Gatos is a town located in Santa Clara County, California. ... Location Location of Saratoga within Santa Clara County, California. ...


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.8 km² (5.7 mi²). 14.5 km² (5.6 mi²) of it is land and 0.3 km² (0.1 mi²) of it is water. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is the area equal to a square with sides each 1 mile long. ...


Of the total area, 1.75% is water, consisting of percolation ponds in Los Gatos Creek Park and in other locations; San Tomas Aquino creek, which flows north on the west side of the city and is completely enclosed with fences and runs through concrete culverts; and Los Gatos Creek, which flows north-north-east on the east side of the city and has paths along both banks for hikers and joggers. A fence is a freestanding structure designed to restrict or prevent movement across a boundary. ... Placing a concrete floor for a commercial building Installing rebar in a floor during a concrete pour In construction, concrete is a composite building material made from the combination of aggregate and cement binder. ... A culvert is a flowing body of water which passes underneath a road, railway, or embankment, or the part thereof that does so. ... A path is a route between two points. ... Many beautiful natural scenes are only accessible if one is willing to hike to get to them. ... Man Running - Edward Muybridge Horse Running - Edward Muybridge Running is by definition the fastest means for an animal to move on foot. ...


California State Route 17 runs roughly parallel to Los Gatos Creek on its eastern side; California State Route 85 runs roughly east-west through Los Gatos just south of Campbell and cuts through the southwest corner of the city. JUNCTION MILE POST I-880 SCL 13. ... JUNCTION POSTMILE US-101 SCL 0. ...


Demographics

As of the censusGR2 of 2000, there are 38,138 people, 15,920 households, and 9,122 families residing in the city. The population density is 2,624.8/km² (6,802.8/mi²). There are 16,286 housing units at an average density of 1,120.9/km² (2,905.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the city is 72.78% White, 2.53% African American, 0.65% Native American, 14.16% Asian, 0.23% Pacific Islander, 4.87% from other races, and 4.77% from two or more races. 13.33% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... This article is about the year 2000. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There are 15,920 households out of which 28.0% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 42.6% are married couples living together, 10.1% have a female householder with no husband present, and 42.7% are non-families. 30.4% of all households are made up of individuals and 7.0% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.38 and the average family size is 3.02. Marriage is a legal, social, and religious relationship between individuals which has formed the foundation of the family for most societies. ...


In the city the population is spread out with 21.6% under the age of 18, 7.6% from 18 to 24, 40.2% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 9.7% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 35 years. For every 100 females there are 98.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 96.7 males.


About 48% of the adult population has at least one college-level degree. The term college (Latin collegium) is most often used today to denote an educational institution. ... This article is about academic degrees. ...


The median income for a household in the city is $67,214, and the median income for a family is $78,663. Males have a median income of $52,454 versus $43,750 for females. The per capita income for the city is $34,441. 4.8% of the population and 3.2% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 4.2% of those under the age of 18 and 8.3% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


History

Campbell was founded by Benjamin Campbell, after whom the city was named. He came to California in 1846 with his father, William Campbell. William started a sawmill in Saratoga and surveyed the cities of San Jose and Santa Clara. In 1851, Benjamin bought 160 acres in southern Santa Clara Valley and cultivated hay and grain on it. This acreage later became Campbell's historical downtown core. State nickname: The Golden State Other U.S. States Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger (R) Senators Dianne Feinstein (D) Barbara Boxer (D) Official language(s) English Area 410,000 km² (3rd)  - Land 404,298 km²  - Water 20,047 km² (4. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Location Location of Saratoga within Santa Clara County, California. ... City nickname: Capital of Silicon Valley Location Location of San Jose within Santa Clara County, California. ... 1851 was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... The Santa Clara Valley is a valley just south of the San Francisco Bay in northern California in the United States. ... Rolled bales of hay on a farm near Ames, Iowa Hay from Romania Hay is dried grass (and pasture flowers) used to feed domestic animals at places or times where there is not enough (fresh) grass or when fresh grass by itself is too rich in some qualities for easy...


In 1878, Campbell sold his land for $5 an acre to a railroad company. By 1887, the first subdivision was recorded west of the railroad from Campbell Avenue to the spot where the Water Tower Plaza now stands. The area became the center for shipping fruit grown in the surrounding area, and within a short time, the drying grounds and canneries made Campbell an important rail center. The Campbell Fruit Growers' Union became a well-known cooperative with its 17-acre drying yard. J.C. Ainsley Packing Company, Hyde Cannery, and Payne Cannery were the main fruit packing companies. The Bank of Campbell was founded in 1895. 1878 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... An acre is an English unit of area. ... 1887 is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar). ... 1895 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ...


Campbell was officially incorporated as a city in 1952. The city then grew rapidly as orchard lands disappeared tract by tract. Today, Campbell is a quiet suburban residential neighborhood in the southern part of the Santa Clara Valley. 1952 was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will take you to calendar). ... The Santa Clara Valley is a valley just south of the San Francisco Bay in northern California in the United States. ...


Layout

Campbell is situated in the southern portion of the Santa Clara Valley, with Highway 17 passing through eastern Campbell and California State Highway 85 to its south. The historic downtown section sits just west of the railroad in the central area. The southwestern area of Campbell is known as the San Tomas neighborhood and varies somewhat from most of Campbell in the size of its lots and styles of housing. Hamilton Avenue is one the northernmost roads in Campbell. The Santa Clara Valley is a valley just south of the San Francisco Bay in northern California in the United States. ... There are several roads named Highway 17. ... California State Highway 85 provides an alternative route from Highway 101 in Mountain View, California to Highway 101 in South San Jose, California. ...


The largest park in Campbell is Los Gatos Creek Park near Highway 17, and the second largest is John D. Morgan Park.


Housing and businesses

There are few large shopping centers or business complexes in the city, as Campbell is primarily a suburban residential area. Fry's Electronics and The Home Depot each have stores within the city limits and are two of the city's largest employers. It has been suggested that Suburbia be merged into this article or section. ... Frys Electronics is a large software, consumer electronics and computer superstore chain headquartered in Silicon Valley. ... The Home Depot NYSE: HD, headquartered in Vinings, Georgia, is a home improvement retailer that aims for both the do-it-yourself consumer and the professional in home improvement and construction. ...


Most residences are single-family homes, although there are some areas with condominiums, duplexes, and apartments. Single-family homes typically have one or two bathrooms and three or four bedrooms, and are between 1100 and 1600 square feet (100 and 150 m²) on lots typically measuring about 6,000 square feet (560 m²). The vast majority were built in the 1950s through 1970s. There are pockets of older homes, mostly near downtown, often in demand for their architectural styles, and pockets of newer, much larger homes (often called "monster houses" by existing residents) of 3000 to 4000 square feet (280 to 370 m²) on lots that seem small in comparison to the size of the homes, mostly built in the 1990s on subdivided lots previously occupied by homes dating from the first half of the 20th century. This article refers to a form of housing. ... Semi-detached housing (usually abbreviated to semi, as in three-bedroom semi) consists of pairs of houses built side by side as units sharing a party wall and usually in such a way that each houses layout is a mirror image of its twin. ... An apartment (or flat) is a self-contained housing unit that occupies only part of a building. ... A typical American bathroom A bathroom is a room that may have different functions depending on the cultural context it is used in. ... --212. ... Lot is: Place Specific - A French département, see Lot (département) A French river, a tributary of the Garonne, see Lot River A Belgian town, see Lot, Belgium A Polish Airline, see LOT Polish Airlines Character Specific - A Biblical figure, the nephew of Abraham, see Lot (Biblical) Lot, a... // Events and trends The 1950s in Western society was marked with a sharp rise in the economy for the first time in almost 30 years and return to the 1920s-type consumer society built on credit and boom-times, as well as the height of the baby boom from returning... The 1970s in its most obvious sense refers to the decade between 1970 and 1979. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ... // Events and trends The 1990s are generally classified as having moved slightly away from the more conservative 1980s, but otherwise retaining the same mindset. ...


Most of Campbell's apartments are located in northern Campbell on Hamilton and Campbell Avenues. As a result, most of the housing there is for rent and has a lower median household income than southern Campbell, which has primarily owner-occupied detached single-family homes.


Campbell's downtown is located near where Campbell Avenue intersects with the railroad. The downtown has many shops, bars, and restaurants.


The oldest commercial building in the city is that used for the Bank of Campbell (founded in 1895), which is a branch of the Mercantile Trust of California; the building was erected in 1920 originally for the Grower's Bank, which eventually merged with Mercantile Trust. The bank was converted to a movie theater in 1938, which closed in 1953 and remained closed with a few exceptions until 1968, when The Gaslighter Theater company purchased and refurbished the building with a small stage and bar. The Gaslighter has produced melodramas and Vaudeville-style shows there ever since. 1895 was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Poster for The Perils of Pauline (1914). ... Vaudeville was a style of multi-act theater which flourished in North America from the 1880s through the 1920s. ...


As of September 2004, the median price of single-family homes and condos was $580,000, up 10% from the previous September, and averaging $414 per square foot ($4,456/m²) according to the San Jose Mercury News; the average single-family home price, excluding condos, was $645,000 in January, 2004 (according to the Santa Clara County Association of Realtors). The price is based largely on the land value; the replacement cost for homes is about $150 to $200 per square foot ($1,600 to $2,200/m²). The Mercs sections vary by day of the week, but Business, Sports, and The Valley are standard daily fare. ...


Like many other cities in the Santa Clara Valley, Campbell was originally orchard land that was later developed into housing tracts. A few small orchards remain, though their numbers continue to dwindle rapidly as they are converted to housing and shopping. The Santa Clara Valley is a valley just south of the San Francisco Bay in northern California in the United States. ...


Points of interest

In the early 1990s, the Ainsley House, a unique craftsman home built in the 1930s, was moved from its original site at the corner of Hamilton and Bascom Avenues to the downtown quad and furnished with many of the Ainsley family's original furnishings. It has become the centerpiece for the Campbell Historical Museum, which houses additional exhibits in the nearby old firehouse. The Ainsley House was built in the style of English country cottages for John Colpitts Ainsley, a canning pioneer in Santa Clara County, which was at the time known for its vast spreads of fruit orchards. Artichoke wallpaper, by John Henry Dearle for William Morris & Co. ... A fire station is a building or other area set aside for storage of firefighting apparatus i. ... Canning is a method of preserving food by first heating it to a temperature that destroys contaminating micro-organisms, and then sealing it in air-tight jars or cans. ... Santa Clara County is a county located in Californias San Francisco Bay Area. ... An orchard is an intentional planting of trees or shrubs maintained for food production. ...


Campbell was also the site of the 1896 spree-killing by James Dunham. James Dunham was a multiple murderer who, on the night of May 26, 1896, killed his wife, her family, and two of that familys servants in Campbell, California. ...


In 1975, Mayor Rusty Hammer, at 21, became the youngest ever mayor in the United States. A mayor (from the Latin maīor, meaning larger,greater) is the politician who serves as chief executive official of some types of municipalities. ...


The Gaslighter Theater is a small theater that produces melodramas and Vaudeville-style shows with local residents acting, singing, and dancing. It has waxed and waned in popularity over the years.


The fruit cocktail was invented in Campbell. Fruit cocktail is a dish made from diced fruit and syrup. ...


External links

  • Maps and aerial photos
  • Gaslighter Theater
  • History of the Mercantile Bank building and theater


Incorporated municipalities of Santa Clara County, California
Seal of Santa Clara County
Population over 100,000: San Jose (county seat) | Santa Clara | Sunnyvale
Population over 50,000: Cupertino | Milpitas | Mountain View | Palo Alto
Population under 50,000: Campbell | Gilroy | Los Altos | Los Altos Hills | Los Gatos |
Monte Sereno | Morgan Hill | Saratoga

  Results from FactBites:
 
Campbell, California - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1399 words)
Campbell was officially incorporated as a city in 1952.
Campbell is situated in the southern portion of the Santa Clara Valley, with Highway 17 passing through eastern Campbell and California State Highway 85 to its south.
The oldest commercial building in the city is that used for the Bank of Campbell (founded in 1895), which is a branch of the Mercantile Trust of California; the building was erected in 1920 originally for the Grower's Bank, which eventually merged with Mercantile Trust.
Encyclopedia: Campbell, California (2085 words)
Campbell is a city located in Santa Clara County, California, part of Silicon Valley.
Campbell is home to the Pruneyard Shopping Center, a sprawling open-air retail complex.
California State Route 17 runs roughly parallel to Los Gatos Creek on its eastern side; California State Route 85 runs roughly east-west through Los Gatos just south of Campbell and cuts through the southwest corner of the city.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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