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Encyclopedia > Campagnolo
Campagnolo, Corp.
Type Public
Founded 1933
Headquarters Italy
Key people Tullio Campagnolo (Founder)
Industry cycling components
Products Bicycle and Related Components
Revenue undisclosed
Slogan unknown
Website www.campagnolo.com
Campagnolo Ergopower lever

Campagnolo is an Italian manufacturer of bicycle components with headquarters in Vicenza, Italy, historically regarded as one of most prestigious brand names in cycling. These components are organized as groupsets (gruppi) and are a near complete collection of a bicycle's mechanical parts. Campagnolo's current highest grade groups are Record (Super Record up to 1985), followed by Chorus. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Police officer on a bicycle Cycling is a means of transport, a form of recreation, and a sport. ... Look up revenue in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up slogan in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos and other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (517x1024, 88 KB) Summary from the German Wikipedia at de:Bild:Schaltbremsgriff. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (517x1024, 88 KB) Summary from the German Wikipedia at de:Bild:Schaltbremsgriff. ... For other uses, see Bicycle (disambiguation). ... Vicenza is a city in northern Italy, is the capital of the eponymous province in the Veneto region, at the northern base of the Monte Berico, straddling the Bacchiglione. ... A groupset is a bicycle component manufacturers organized collection of mechanical parts. ...


Founded by Tullio Campagnolo, the company began manufacturing in 1933 in a small Vicenza workshop. The founder was an accomplished bicycle racer in Italy in the 1920s and he conceived of several innovative ideas while racing, which later turned into such revolutionary fundamental cycling products as the quick release mechanism for bicycle wheels, derailleurs, and the patented "rod" gear for gear changing. Gino Bartali made a strong impression as he won mountainous races while using this gear system. Tullio Campagnolo (August 26, 1901–February 3, 1983) was an Italian cyclist who invented the quick release skewer and started the Campagnolo company that manufactures high end bicycle parts. ... Year 1933 (MCMXXXIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... 1920 (MCMXX) was a leap year starting on Thursday. ... A quick release skewer is a cam operated lever system used with a hollow axle for securing the wheels on a bicycle. ... Mountain bicycle with Derailleur gears 9x multiple sprockets of a Derailleur gear Derailleur gears are a gear system commonly used on bicycles, consisting of a chain, multiple sprockets and a mechanism to move the chain from one sprocket to another. ... Gino Bartali (July 18, 1914 - May 5, 2000) was an Italian professional racing cyclist. ...

A racing bicycle, built with Campagnolo Chorus parts.

Despite having lagged behind in the innovations such as the development of indexed gears, and combined brake and gear levers in the 1980s, Campagnolo introduced its Ergopower gear system, which are still used today. In contrast to Shimano's approach in miniaturizing parts and adding complexity to the design, Campagnolo instead uses material engineering to differentiate their products. Campagnolo components tend to be made so that they can serviced, and spare parts are available. Campagnolo products have always been valued for their rebuildability, and many very old parts are still in service. A road racing bicycle, using a mix of shaped aluminum tubing and carbon fiber parts, made by Cyfac. ... A road racing bicycle, using a mix of shaped aluminum tubing and carbon fiber parts, made by Cyfac. ... Ergo Shifting, also referred to as Ergopower or Ergolevers, is the dual-control shifting component design by Campagnolo for operation of the derailleurs on racing bicycles. ... Shimano, Inc. ...


The late 1990s and early 2000s saw Campagnolo start using carbon fibre parts in their groupsets, and the development of complete wheelsets. In 2004 Campagnolo introduced a complete compact drivetrain system, which feature reduced chainring sizes to enable the use of lower gear ratios compared with traditional racing drivetrains. Campagnolo is currently developing an electric shifting system. Graphite-reinforced plastic or carbon fiber reinforced plastic (CFRP or CRP), is a strong, light and very expensive composite material or fibre reinforced plastic. ... In the context of road cycling, compact drivetrain typically refers to cranksets with gearing of 50/36 or 50/34 and a 110 mm bolt circle diameter. ...


Campagnolo has generally focused on high end road cycling and track cycling. Though in the past they have produced touring components, BMX components in the 1970s, and in the late 1980s produced the Euclid mountain bicycling groupset, as well as the ill-fated Record-OR groupset, which would be Campagnolo's last foray into the mountain-biking world, leaving Shimano the sole manufacturer for nearly a decade. In comparison, Shimano in Japan, their primary competitor, produces a wider range of components, including road, track, mountain bicycling, city and touring bike components. Campagnolo sponsors many top racing teams in the UCI ProTour, such as Iles Baléares, Cofidis, Quick Step-Innergetic (Tom Boonen, Paolo Bettini), Lampre-Caffita, and Astana. Campagnolo is often associated with the victories of Eddy Merckx, who had a close personal relationship with Tullio Campagnolo himself and used Campagnolo almost exclusively throughout his professional career. Bicycle racers at the 2005 Rund um den Henninger-Turm in Germany Road bicycle racing is a popular bicycle racing sport held on roads (following the geography of the area), using racing bicycles. ... Track cycling is a bicycle racing sport usually held on specially-built banked tracks or velodromes (but many events are held at older velodromes where the track banking is relatively shallow) using track bicycles. ... A BMX Race. ... A rider during a Cross Country race Mountain biking (Mountain bicycling) is a form of cycling which uses very sturdy bicycles with (usually) straight handlebars and wide tires. ... Shimano, Inc. ... A rider during a Cross Country race Mountain biking (Mountain bicycling) is a form of cycling which uses very sturdy bicycles with (usually) straight handlebars and wide tires. ... The UCI ProTour logo The UCI ProTour is a competition under the International Cycling Union (UCI). ... Illes Balears is professional road bicylce racing team, participating in the UCI ProTour. ... Cofidis is a French professional road bicycle racing team sponsored by the insurance company Cofidis. ... “Quick Step” redirects here. ... Lampre-Caffita in an Italian road bicycle racing team created from a fussion of the already existing Saeco and Lampre teams for the 2005 UCI ProTour. ... Coordinates: Government  - Mayor Askar Mamin Population (estimated)  - City 600,000 Time zone BTT (UTC+6) This article is about the capital of Kazakhstan; for the article on the palace in Sarawak, see Astana (Sarawak); for the professional road-cycling team see Astana Team; for the Iranian city, see Astaneh-e... Baron Edouard Louis Joseph Merckx (IPA: ) (born June 17, 1945, Meensel-Kiezegem, Vlaams Brabant, Belgium) is a former Belgian professional cyclist. ...


Campagnolo is also a manufacturer of alloy automobile wheels for exotic cars, as well as a high quality wine bottle opener. Another non-component product is the Campagnolo tool kit, which for decades was the mark of a high-end bicycle shop. A large and expensive purchase, it contains all of the tools needed to maintain bicycles, as well as specialized tools (such as headset and bottom bracket cutting tools) used to prepare a new frame before fitting components.

Campagnolo Record brake caliper from the 1970s.
Campagnolo Record brake caliper from the 1970s.

Contents

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (710x790, 134 KB) picture of Campagnolo Record brake caliper from the 1970s I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (710x790, 134 KB) picture of Campagnolo Record brake caliper from the 1970s I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ...

Campagnolo history and timeline

1901 Tullio Campagnolo is born on August 26th in the eastern suburbs of Vicenza, Italy Tullio Campagnolo (August 26, 1901–February 3, 1983) was an Italian cyclist who invented the quick release skewer and started the Campagnolo company that manufactures high end bicycle parts. ...


1922 Tullio Campagnolo begins his racing career Tullio Campagnolo (August 26, 1901–February 3, 1983) was an Italian cyclist who invented the quick release skewer and started the Campagnolo company that manufactures high end bicycle parts. ...


1930 Campagnolo patents the quick release hub


1933 After fabricating parts in the backroom of his father's hardware store, Tullio starts Campagnolo, S.P.A with the production of the quick release hub


1940 Tullio hires his first fulltime employee. The first derailleur enters production, enabling the cyclist to change gears without removing the wheel. The pieces of the derailleur are all handmade, requiring a massive investment of time and labor


1949 Campagnolo introduces its first parallelogram rear derailleur, the Gran Sport


1956 Campagnolo introduces its first parallelogram front derailleur


1963 The Record rear derailleur (chromed bronze) is introduced


1966 The Nuovo Record rear derailleur is introduced. This derailer will be a fixture on Eddy Merckx's bicycles during his first four Tour de France victories Baron Edouard Louis Joseph Merckx (IPA: ) (born June 17, 1945, Meensel-Kiezegem, Vlaams Brabant, Belgium) is a former Belgian professional cyclist. ... For other uses, see Tour de France (disambiguation). ...


1973 The Super Record Road and Track groups are introduced. This groupset is widely viewed as the best set of bike parts money can buy until the introduction of indexed shifting in 1984 A twist-style seven-speed indexed shifter made by SRAM A bicycle shifter or gear control is a component used to control the gearing mechanisms and select the desired gear ratio. ...


1983 Tullio Campagnolo passes away on February 3rd Tullio Campagnolo (August 26, 1901–February 3, 1983) was an Italian cyclist who invented the quick release skewer and started the Campagnolo company that manufactures high end bicycle parts. ...


1985


Campagnolo creates Delta brakes, a unique model with a parallelogram linkage to actuate the calipers.

Campagnolo Delta brake calipers from the 1980s.
Campagnolo Delta brake calipers from the 1980s.

1986 Introduction of re-designed Record road and track groupsets (also know as C-Record), replacing Super Record as the top of range groupset Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ...


1987 The last year of production of the Super Record groupset


1989 Campagnolo introduces its first mountain bike groupset. These components end up being much heavier and less technologically advanced and thus less popular than those made by its competitors, Shimano and SunTour. Campagnolo leaves the mountain bike components business in 1994 A cross country mountain bike race A hardtail mountain bike A mountain bike or mountain bicycle (abbreviated MTB or ATB (All Terrain Bicycle)) is a bicycle designed for mountain biking, either on dirt trails or other unpaved environments. ... Shimano, Inc. ... Suntour or SR Suntour is a european manufacturer of bicycle components. ...


1992 Introduction of Ergo Power levers, combining the functions of a brake lever and a shift lever in order to answer Shimano's STI levers Shimano Total Integration (STI) is a gearshift system designed by Shimano for racing bicycles. ...


1993 Production of Delta brakes is discontinued


1995 Introduction of Group names printed on componentry


1997 9-speed shifting is introduced


1998 Introduction of Next generation Ergo Levers and last year of Athena


1999 Introduction of the Record Carbon Ergo Levers


2000 10-speed shifting is introduced


2001 Carbon fibre shifting levers introduced for Record group


2004 Carbon fibre cranks introduced for Record and Chorus groups


2005 10-speed Centaur and Chorus shift and brake levers introduced for flat bar road bikes


2006 Hollow external bearing crankset announced


2007 Introduction of 10-speed Mirage and Xenon component groups, new Ultra-Torque components

Campagnolo Super Record chainset from 1981.
Campagnolo Super Record chainset from 1981.

Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1138x734, 171 KB) Picture of Campagnolo Super Record chainset, made in 1981. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1138x734, 171 KB) Picture of Campagnolo Super Record chainset, made in 1981. ...

Current products

Campagnolo's 2007 road groupsets, listed in approximately descending order of price and quality are: A groupset is a bicycle component manufacturers organized collection of mechanical parts. ...

  • Record
    • Carbon crankset
  • Chorus
    • Carbon crankset
  • Centaur
    • Aluminum crankset
  • Veloce
  • Mirage
  • Xenon
  • Record Pista for track use (with aluminum crankset)

For 2007, Record and Chorus Ultra Torque cranks are only available in carbon, and Centaur Ultra Torque cranks are only available in Aluminum.


All 2007 Campagnolo component groups, including Xenon, are now 10-speed. Furthermore, the well-known feature of Campagnolo Ergopower shifters allowing the rider to perform both multiple-cog upshifts and downshifts has been limited to the high-end Record and Chorus groups. Centaur, Veloce, Mirage, and Xenon now feature the new "Escape" mechanism, limiting downshifts to a maximum of two cogs at once and upshifts to one cog at a time. Centaur shifters now incorporate carbon like its more expensive siblings and also features a carbon faceplate on the rear derailleur. Veloce is offered in a new "Infinite" shiny black finish as well as the silver.


Campagnolo 10-speed components are generally inter-compatible with older 9-speed components; for example Chorus shifters can be used with a Veloce rear derailleur. The primary exception is cranksets and bottom brackets. Record and Chorus cranksets can only be used with Record and Chorus bottom brackets due to a different degree of spindle taper. Centaur, Veloce, Mirage and Xenon cranksets and square taper bottom brackets are all inter-compatible. Mountain bicycle with Derailleur gears 9x multiple sprockets of a Derailleur gear Derailleur gears are a gear system commonly used on bicycles, consisting of a chain, multiple sprockets and a mechanism to move the chain from one sprocket to another. ... A square-taper cartridge bottom bracket. ...


Campagnolo also produces wheelsets. For the Marcel Duchamp sculpture, see Bicycle Wheel. ...

  • Low-profile
    • Hyperon
    • Neutron
    • Proton
  • Medium-profile
    • Eurus
    • Zonda
    • Scirocco
    • Vento
    • Khamsin
  • High-profile
    • Bora
    • Ghibli

In addition, Fulcrum Wheels is a company owned by Campagnolo that produces wheelsets compatible with both Campagnolo and Shimano cassettes. Fulcrum Wheels is a wholly owned subsidiary of Campagnolo that produces road bicycle wheelsets compatible with both Campagnolo and Shimano cassettes. ... Shimano, Inc. ...


The ErgoBrain is a cyclocomputer compatible with the Ergo shifters. It displays cadence, gear that is being used, as well as the normal functions of a cyclocomputer. An electronical speedometer mounted atop bicycle handle bars. ...


Tour de France Winners with Campagnolo

Year Name


1952 Fausto Coppi (ITA) Angelo Fausto Coppi (September 15, 1919 – January 2, 1960) was an Italian racing cyclist. ...


1968 Jan Janssen (NED) Johannes Adrianus Janssen, popularly known as Jan Janssen (born May 19, 1940) is a Dutch former professional cyclist (1962 - 1973). ...


1969 Eddy Merckx (BEL) Baron Edouard Louis Joseph Merckx (IPA: ) (born June 17, 1945, Meensel-Kiezegem, Vlaams Brabant, Belgium) is a former Belgian professional cyclist. ...


1971 Eddy Merckx (BEL) Baron Edouard Louis Joseph Merckx (IPA: ) (born June 17, 1945, Meensel-Kiezegem, Vlaams Brabant, Belgium) is a former Belgian professional cyclist. ...


1972 Eddy Merckx (BEL) Baron Edouard Louis Joseph Merckx (IPA: ) (born June 17, 1945, Meensel-Kiezegem, Vlaams Brabant, Belgium) is a former Belgian professional cyclist. ...


1973 Luis Ocaña (ESP) Luis Ocaña (June 9, 1945 – May 19, 1994) was a Spanish cyclist who won the Tour de France in 1973. ...


1974 Eddy Merckx (BEL) Baron Edouard Louis Joseph Merckx (IPA: ) (born June 17, 1945, Meensel-Kiezegem, Vlaams Brabant, Belgium) is a former Belgian professional cyclist. ...


1976 Lucien Van Impe (BEL) Lucien Van Impe (born 20 October 1946 in Mere, Belgium) was a Flemish cyclist from 1969 to 1987. ...


1978 Bernard Hinault (FRA) Bernard Hinault (born 14 November 1954) is a French cyclist best known for his five victories in the Tour de France. ...


1979 Bernard Hinault (FRA) Bernard Hinault (born 14 November 1954) is a French cyclist best known for his five victories in the Tour de France. ...


1980 Joop Zoetemelk (NED) Gerardus Joseph (Joop) Zoetemelk is a Dutch cyclist. ...


1981 Bernard Hinault (FRA) Bernard Hinault (born 14 November 1954) is a French cyclist best known for his five victories in the Tour de France. ...


1982 Bernard Hinault (FRA) Bernard Hinault (born 14 November 1954) is a French cyclist best known for his five victories in the Tour de France. ...


1984 Laurent Fignon (FRA) Laurent Fignon (born August 12, 1960 in Paris) is a French cyclist, who won the Tour de France twice in 1983 and 1984, and missed winning it a third time, in 1989, by a very narrow margin. ...


1985 Bernard Hinault (FRA) Bernard Hinault (born 14 November 1954) is a French cyclist best known for his five victories in the Tour de France. ...


1986 Greg LeMond (USA) Gregory James Greg LeMond (born June 26, 1961 in Lakewood, California) is a former professional road bicycle racer from the United States and a three time winner of the Tour de France. ...


1987 Stephen Roche (IRL) Stephen Roche (Irish: Stiofán de Róiste) was born November 28, 1959 in Dundrum near Dublin, Ireland and is a retired professional cyclist. ...


1988 Pedro Delgado (ESP) Pedro Delgado Robledo (born 1960-04-15 in Segovia), also known as Perico, is a Spanish former professional road bicycle racer. ...


1990 Greg LeMond (USA) Gregory James Greg LeMond (born June 26, 1961 in Lakewood, California) is a former professional road bicycle racer from the United States and a three time winner of the Tour de France. ...


1991 Miguel Indurain (ESP) Miguel Ángel Indurain Larraya (born July 16, 1964, Villava, Navarre) is a retired Spanish road bicycle racer. ...


1992 Miguel Indurain (ESP) Miguel Ángel Indurain Larraya (born July 16, 1964, Villava, Navarre) is a retired Spanish road bicycle racer. ...


1993 Miguel Indurain (ESP) Miguel Ángel Indurain Larraya (born July 16, 1964, Villava, Navarre) is a retired Spanish road bicycle racer. ...


1994 Miguel Indurain (ESP) Miguel Ángel Indurain Larraya (born July 16, 1964, Villava, Navarre) is a retired Spanish road bicycle racer. ...


1995 Miguel Indurain (ESP) Miguel Ángel Indurain Larraya (born July 16, 1964, Villava, Navarre) is a retired Spanish road bicycle racer. ...


1996 Bjarne Riis (DEN) Bjarne Lykkegård Riis (born April 3, 1964), nicknamed the Eagle from Herning (Danish: Ørnen fra Herning), is a Danish former professional road bicycle racer who won the 1996 Tour de France, and is now the team owner and manager of Danish UCI ProTour outfit Team CSC. Other career highlights...


1997 Jan Ullrich (GER) Jan Ullrich (born December 2, 1973 in Rostock, East Germany, now Germany) is a retired German professional road bicycle racer. ...


1998 Marco Pantani (ITA) Marco Pantani (January 13, 1970, Cesena – February 14, 2004, Rimini) was an Italian cyclist widely regarded as being one of the best climbers of all times in professional road bicycle racing. ...


2006 Floyd Landis (USA) (contested) Floyd Landis (born October 14, 1975) is an American cyclist. ...


See also

Bicycle parts include: See also Groupset Categories: Bicycle parts | Cycling | Sporting goods ... Ergo Shifting, also referred to as Ergopower or Ergolevers, is the dual-control shifting component design by Campagnolo for operation of the derailleurs on racing bicycles. ...

External links

  • Official Campagnolo site
  • Campy Only! unofficial site
  • Campagnolo @ velospace - bike photos with Campagnolo components
  • tuttocampybici.com unofficial site
  • Movie showing 1940's two-lever sliding hub Cambio Corsa shifter in operation
  • Movie showing late-1940's/early-1950's single-lever sliding hub Paris-Roubiax shifter in operation
  • Close-up movie of Paris-Roubaix shifter in operation
  • Campagnolo Record groupset review

  Results from FactBites:
 
History!! (1339 words)
Because the mystique of Campagnolo -- part of the attraction of the world's finest cycling components, derives from the history and tradition that started on a cold day in the Italian Dolomites, some 70 years ago.
Coppi rode Campagnolo's first rod-shifter derailleur in the 1945 Paris-Roubaix race, and later used Tullio's components to ride to victory in the 1950 Paris-Roubaix.
Campagnolo asked who was going to win the championship.
Sheldon Brown's Bicycle Glossary Ca--Ce (2404 words)
Campagnolo invented the quick release, and was instrumental in the development of the derailer.
Campagnolo parts are so highly regarded that Campagnolo's proprietary dimensions have, in several cases, become adopted as de facto international standards.
The Campagnolo headset dimensions are 26.4 mm for the fork crown race and 30.2mm for fitting the frame races into the head tube.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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