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Encyclopedia > Camp Chase
Camp Chase Cemetery.
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Camp Chase Cemetery.

Camp Chase was a Civil War staging, training and prison camp during the American Civil War. All that remains of the camp today is a Confederate States of America cemetery containing 2,260 graves. The Camp Chase cemetery is located at 2900 Sullivant Avenue, Columbus, Ohio and is open from 8 am to 5 pm daily. Combatants United States of America (Union) Confederate States of America (Confederate) Commanders Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses S. Grant Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee Strength 2,200,000 1,064,000 Casualties Killed in action: 110,000 Total dead: 360,000 Wounded: 275,200 Killed in action: 93,000 Total dead: 258... Motto: Deo Vindice (Latin: With God As Our Vindicator) Anthem: God Save the South (unofficial) Dixie (popular) The Bonnie Blue Flag (popular) Capital Montgomery, Alabama February 4, 1861–May 29, 1861 Richmond, Virginia May 29, 1861–April 9, 1865 Danville, Virginia April 3–April 10, 1865 Largest city New Orleans... Flag Seal Nickname: The Arch City The Discovery City Location Location in the state of Ohio Government Country State Counties United States Ohio Franklin, Delaware, and Fairfield Mayor Michael B. Coleman (D) Geographical characteristics Area    - City 550. ...

Contents


History

Camp Chase was a Civil War camp established in May, 1861, on land leased by the U.S. Government. Four miles west of Columbus, the main entrance was on the National Road. Boundaries of the camp were present-day Broad Street (north), Hague Avenue (east), Sullivant Avenue (south), and near Westgate Avenue (west). Named for former Ohio Governer and Lincoln's Secretary of the Treasury Salmon P. Chase, it was a training camp for Ohio soldiers, a parole camp, a muster-out post, and a prisoner-of-war camp.

Camp Chase Cemetery Monument.
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Camp Chase Cemetery Monument.

As many as 150,000 Union soldiers and 25,000 Confederate prisoners passed through its gates from 1861-1865. By February, 1865, over 9,400 men were held at the prison. More than 2,000 Confederates are buried in the Camp Chase Cemetery.


Four future Presidents passed through Camp Chase. A. Johnson, Hayes, Garfield and McKinley, and Confederates captured during Morgan's Raid in 1863 included Gen. Basil W. Duke. The camp was closed in 1865 and by September 1867 dismantled buildings, usable items, and 450 patients from Tripler Military Hospital (also in Columbus) were transferred to the National Soldier's Home in Dayton. In 1895 former Union soldier William H. Knauss organized the first memorial service at the cemetery and in 1906 wrote a history of the camp. In 1902 the memorial Arch was dedicated. From 1912 to 1994, the United Daughters of the Confederacy held annual services. The Hilltop Historical Society now sponsors the event on the first Sunday in June.


Camp Chase today

Aside from the Confederate Cemetery, which still exists, the land that formerly housed Camp Chase is now a residential and commercial area known as Westgate, one of the premier communities in the Hilltop section of West Columbus, Ohio. This development was built in the late 1920's and early 1930's, and is now a stable, if aging, Columbus community. Westgate can refer to several places. ... Hilltop may refer to: The top of a hill—see topographical summit and peak Hilltop, Minnesota Hilltop, Texas Hilltop, Ohio Hilltop, Georgia This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. ... Flag Seal Nickname: The Arch City The Discovery City Location Location in the state of Ohio Government Country State Counties United States Ohio Franklin, Delaware, and Fairfield Mayor Michael B. Coleman (D) Geographical characteristics Area    - City 550. ...


References

  • Historical Marker #27-25, located at 2900 Sullivant Avenue, Columbus, Ohio, installed by the Ohio Bicentennial Commission, 1999.

External links

  • Comprehensive Camp Chase Cemetery headstone inventory.
  • More history and photos of Camp Chase
  • Civil War Prisons
  • Aerial photo of Camp Chase

 
 

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