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Encyclopedia > Cameroons
Cameroon over time ██ German Kamerun ██ British Cameroons ██ French Cameroun ██ Republic of Cameroon
Cameroon over time ██ German Kamerun ██ British Cameroons ██ French Cameroun ██ Republic of Cameroon

Cameroons was a British Mandate territory in West Africa, now divided between Nigeria and Cameroon. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (508x680, 17 KB) Summary Boundary changes in w:Cameroon. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (508x680, 17 KB) Summary Boundary changes in w:Cameroon. ... Mandates in the Middle east and Africa. ...  Western Africa (UN subregion)  Maghreb West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. ...


The area of present-day Cameroon was claimed by Germany as a protectorate during the "Scramble for Africa" at the end of the 19th century. During World War I, it was occupied by British, French and Belgian troops, and later mandated to Great Britain and France by the League of Nations in 1922. The French mandate was known as Cameroun and the British territory was administered as two areas, Northern Cameroons and Southern Cameroons. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Cecil Rhodes: Cape-Cairo railway project. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ... Combatants Allied Powers: British Empire France Italy Russia United States Central Powers: Austria-Hungary Bulgaria Germany Ottoman Empire Commanders Ferdinand Foch Georges Clemenceau Joseph Joffre Victor Emmanuel III Luigi Cadorna Armando Diaz Nicholas II Aleksei Brusilov Herbert Henry Asquith Douglas Haig John Jellicoe Woodrow Wilson John Pershing Wilhelm II Paul... Mandate can mean: An obligation handed down by an inter-governmental body; see mandate (international law) The power granted by an electorate; see mandate (politics) A League of Nations mandate To some Christians, an order from God; see mandate (theology) The decision of an appeals court; see mandate (law) The... The League of Nations was an international organization founded after the Paris Peace Conference, 1919. ... 1922 (MCMXXII) was a common year starting on Sunday (see link for calendar). ... The Republic of Cameroon is a unitary republic of central Africa. ... Cameroons was a British Mandate territory in West Africa, now divided between Nigeria and Cameroon. ...


French Cameroun became independent in January 1960, and Nigeria was slated for independence later that same year, which raised question of what to do with the British territory. After some discussion (which had been going on since 1959), a plebiscite was agreed to, and held in February 1961. The Muslim-majority Northern area opted for union with Nigeria, and the Southern favored Cameroon/Cameroun. 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ... 1959 (MCMLIX) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A referendum (plural: referendums or referenda) or plebiscite is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. ... 1961 (MCMLXI) was a common year starting on Sunday (the link is to a full 1961 calendar). ... A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Turkish: Müslüman, Persian and Urdu: مسلمان, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of Islam. ...


Northern Cameroons became a region of Nigeria May 31, 1961, while Southern Cameroons became part of Cameroon on October 1. May 31 is the 151st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (152nd in leap years), with 214 days remaining. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...


In the meantime, the area was administered as a United Nations Trust Territory. United Nations Trust Territories were the successors of the League of Nations mandates and came into being when the League of Nations ceased to exist in 1946. ...


Postage stamps

The territory had long used postage stamps of Nigeria, but in order to avoid the appearance of bias, the government issued the current Nigerian stamps overprinted with CAMEROON / U.K.T.T. in red. These went on sale October 1, 1960. Although available in both northern and southern areas, most usage was in the southern area, northerners continuing to use Nigerian stamps. These stamps became invalid in each area when its separate existence ended. A selection of Hong Kong postage stamps A postage stamp is evidence of pre-paying a fee for postal services. ... An overprint is the addition of text (and sometimes graphics) to the face of a postage stamp after it has been printed. ... October 1 is the 274th day of the year (275th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1960 (MCMLX) was a leap year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1960 calendar). ...


The stamps are readily available to collectors today, the lowest values all selling at minimum price used or unused, with the 1-pound stamp of the series selling for about five US$.


(Note that the illustrated shilling value is postmarked August 31, 1961. This is not technically a valid usage, since the Northern Cameroons town of Mubi had become part of Nigeria two months earlier, but the stamp underneath the overprint was still a normal Nigerian stamp, and so either the clerks at the post office didn't notice the overprint, or else they simply let the stamp pass through.)

External link

  • Discussion of politics of the time

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cameroon (10/06) (3722 words)
Cameroon (13,353 ft.) in the southwest is the highest peak in West Africa and the sixth in Africa.
Cameroon' s first multiparty legislative and presidential elections were held in 1992 followed by municipal elections in 1996 and another round of legislative and presidential elections in 1997.
Cameroon is an active participant in the United Nations, where its voting record demonstrates its commitment to causes that include international peacekeeping, the rule of law, environmental protection, and Third World economic development.
Cameroon - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3288 words)
Cameroon, officially the Republic of Cameroon, is a unitary republic of central Africa.
It was renamed the United Republic of Cameroon in 1972, and the Republic of Cameroon or République du Cameroun in 1984 (its official languages are English and French).
Cameroon · Cape Verde Central African Republic ;· Chad · Comoros · Democratic Republic of the Congo Republic of the Congo Côte d'Ivoire Djibouti ;· Egypt · Eritrea · Ethiopia · Equatorial Guinea Gabon The Gambia ;· Ghana · Guinea Guinea-Bissau Kenya ;· Lesotho · Liberia · Libya · Madagascar · Malawi · Mali · Mauritania · Mauritius · Mozambique ;· Namibia · Niger · Nigeria ;· Rwanda · São Tomé and Príncipe · Senegal · Seychelles · Sierra Leone ;· Somalia · South Africa ;· Sudan · Swaziland · Tanzania ;· Togo · Tunisia · Uganda · Western Sahara (SADR) · Zambia · Zimbabwe
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