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Encyclopedia > Cambridge Castle

Cambridge Castle was a castle located in Cambridge, England. All that remains of the site now is the artificial motte. The Alcázar of Segovia, Spain A castle (from the Latin castellum, diminutive of castra, a military camp, in turn the plural of castrum or watchpost), is a fort, a camp and the logical development of a fortified enclosure. ... The city of Cambridge is an old English university town and the administrative centre of the county of Cambridgeshire. ... Royal motto: Dieu et mon droit (French: God and my right) Englands location within the UK Official language English de facto Capital London de facto Largest city London Area  - Total Ranked 1st UK 130,395 km² Population  - Total (2001)  - Density Ranked 1st UK 49,138,831 377/km² Ethnicity... A motte-and-bailey is a form of castle. ...

The castle was built in 1068 by the conquering Normans as a timber and masonry motte and bailey fortress overlooking the small settlement of Grantabridge, as Cambridge was known then, by the River Cam. In the 13th century it was rebuilt in stone, and remained a powerful stronghold until being partially rebuilt during the Civil War. Events Emperor Go-Sanjo ascends the throne of Japan William the Conqueror takes Exeter after a brief siege Births Henry I of England (d. ... The Normans (adapted from the name Northmen or Norsemen) were a mixture of the indigenous Gauls of France and the Viking invaders under the leadership of Rollo (Gange Rolf). ... Places In Canada: Bailey, New Brunswick Bailey Corners, Ontario Baileys Beach, Ontario Baileys Brook, Nova Scotia In the United States of America: Bailey, Colorado Bailey, Michigan Bailey, Mississippi Bailey, North Carolina Bailey, Texas Bailey County, Texas Bailey Island, Maine Bailey Lakes, Ohio Baileys Crossroads, Virginia Elsewhere: Bailey... The River Cam is a tributary of the River Great Ouse in the east of England. ... The term English Civil War (or Wars) refers to the series of armed conflicts and political machinations which took place between Parliamentarians and Royalists from 1642 until 1651, specifically to the first (1642–1645) and to second (1648–1649) (civil wars between the supporters of King Charles I and the...

The 19th century saw its use as a prison fall into neglect, and much of the stone was removed for use in the construction of new college buildings for the University. The twin-towered gatehouse was dismantled in 1842 and the site of the bailey is now occupied by the Cambridgeshire County Council's headquarters at Shire Hall. The University of Cambridge is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world. ... 1842 was a common year starting on Saturday (see link for calendar). ...

The remaining motte, known locally as 'Castle Mound' is found just north of the river on Castle Hill. It is open to the public daily with no admission fee, and offers views over the historic buildings of the city. It is also where the "head" of Oliver Cromwell is believed to be buried.

  Results from FactBites:
CAMBRIDGE - LoveToKnow Article on CAMBRIDGE (8495 words)
Cambridge, in fact, owed its growth to its position on a natural line of communication between the east and the midlands of England, flanked on the one hand by the deep forests which covered the uplands, on the other by the unreclaimed fens, then desolate and in great part impenetrable.
CAMBRIDGE, a city and one of the county-seats of Middlesex county, Massachusetts, U.S.A., situated on the Charles river, in the outskirts of Boston, of which it is in effect a part, although under separate government.
Cambridge was first settled in 1798 by emigrants from the island of Guernsey (whence the name of the county); was laid out as a town in 1806; was incorporated as a village in 1837; and was chartered as a city in 1893.
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