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Encyclopedia > Camborne
Camborne
Cornish - Cambron
Camborne shown within Cornwall
Population 39,979 (Civil Parish, 2006)
OS grid reference SW645400
Parish Camborne
District Kerrier
Shire county Cornwall
Region South West
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CAMBORNE
Postcode district TR14
Dial code 01209
Police Devon and Cornwall
Fire Cornwall
Ambulance South Western
UK Parliament Falmouth and Camborne
European Parliament South West England
List of places: UKEnglandCornwall

Coordinates: 50°12′47″N 5°18′00″W / 50.213, -5.3 This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 758 × 600 pixelsFull resolution (1351 × 1069 pixel, file size: 97 KB, MIME type: image/png) An outline map of Cornwall for use within templates on Wikipedia. ... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... Cornwall (pronounced ; Cornish: ) is a county in south-west England, United Kingdom, on the peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar and Devon. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... A civil parish (usually just parish) in England is a subnational entity forming the lowest unit of local government, lower than districts or counties. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... Kerrier (Cornish: Keryer) is a local government district in Cornwall, England, UK. It is the most southerly district in the United Kingdom, other than the Isles of Scilly. ... Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of English administrative division used for the purposes of local government. ... Cornwall (pronounced ; Cornish: ) is a county in south-west England, United Kingdom, on the peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar and Devon. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... South West England is one of the regions of England. ... Constituent countries is a phrase used, often by official institutions, in contexts in which a number of countries make up a larger entity or grouping; thus the OECD has used the phrase in reference to the former Yugoslavia[1], the Soviet Union and European institutions such as the Council of... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The TR postcode area, also known as the Truro postcode area[2], is a group of postal districts around Camborne, Falmouth, Hayle, Helston, Isles of Scilly, Marazion, Newquay, Penryn, Penzance, Perranporth, Redruth, St Agnes, St Columb, St Ives and Truro in Cornwall, England. ... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... Devon and Cornwall Constabulary is the Home Office police force responsible for policing the counties of Devon and Cornwall and the unitary authorities of Plymouth, Torbay and the Isles of Scilly. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... Fire Service Headquarters County Hall Truro Cornwall TR1 3AY cheif officer M A Howell Image:Cornwall fire link-1-.gif ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The South Western Ambulance Service NHS Trust is the authority responsible for providing NHS ambulance services in the counties of Devon, Cornwall, Somerset and Dorset (including the Bournemouth, Plymouth, Poole, Torbay and Isles of Scilly unitary authorities) in South West England. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Creation 1950 MP Julia Goldsworthy Party Liberal Democrat Type House of Commons County Cornwall EP constituency South West England Falmouth and Camborne is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... The constituency (first used 2004) within England; Gibraltar is in the inset. ... List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places within counties List of places in Bedfordshire List of places in Berkshire List of places in Buckinghamshire List of places in Cambridgeshire List of places in Cheshire List of places in Cleveland List of places... This is a list of all the towns and villages in the county of Cornwall, United Kingdom. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Not to be confused with Cambourne in Cambridgeshire.

Camborne (Cornish: Kammbronn, 'Crooked Hill') was once one of the richest mining areas in the world and is located in north Kerrier, Cornwall in England, UK, forming the western end of the greater Camborne, Pool and Redruth conurbation. It is now an ex-industrial town with a population when included with Redruth, Pool and 'satellite' villages is 39,937, making it the largest conurbation in Cornwall. Cambourne is a new settlement in Cambridgeshire, England. ... Cambridgeshire (abbreviated Cambs) is a county in England, bordering Lincolnshire to the north, Norfolk to the northeast, Suffolk to the east, Essex and Hertfordshire to the south, and Bedfordshire and Northamptonshire to the west. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... Kerrier (Cornish: Keryer) is a local government district in Cornwall, England, UK. It is the most southerly district in the United Kingdom, other than the Isles of Scilly. ... Cornwall (pronounced ; Cornish: ) is a county in south-west England, United Kingdom, on the peninsula that lies to the west of the River Tamar and Devon. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total... Pool is a village in Kerrier district, Cornwall between Redruth and Camborne. ... Map sources for Redruth at grid reference SW700420 Redruth (Cornish: Rysrudh) is a town in the south-west of Cornwall, Britain. ... A conurbation is an urban area comprising a number of cities, towns and villages which, through population growth and expansion, have physically merged to form one continuous built up area. ... Masouleh village, Gilan Province, Iran. ...

Contents

Mining

Camborne is best known as a centre for the former Cornish tin and copper mining industry, having its working heyday during the later 18th and early 19th centuries. Camborne was just a village until transformed by the mining boom which began in the late eighteenth century and saw the Camborne and Redruth district become the richest mining area in the world. Although a considerable number of ruinous stacks and engine houses remain, they cannot begin to convey the scenes of 150 years ago when scores of mines transfigured the landscape. General Name, Symbol, Number tin, Sn, 50 Chemical series poor metals Group, Period, Block 14, 5, p Appearance silvery lustrous gray Standard atomic weight 118. ... General Name, Symbol, Number copper, Cu, 29 Chemical series transition metals Group, Period, Block 11, 4, d Appearance metallic pinkish red Standard atomic weight 63. ... Chuquicamata, the largest open pit copper mine in the world, Chile. ...

Harriets Pumping Engine house, part of Dolcoath Mine, built in 1860
Harriets Pumping Engine house, part of Dolcoath Mine, built in 1860

Dolcoath, (Cornish: Old Ground), the 'Queen of Cornish Mines' was, at a depth of 3500 feet (1067 m), for many years the deepest mine in the world, not to mention one of the oldest before its closure in 1921. Indeed, the last working tin mine in Europe, South Crofty, which closed in 1998, is to be found in Camborne. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2288x1712, 806 KB) Photo taken by Will Wallis webmaster at Cornwall in Focus http://www. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2288x1712, 806 KB) Photo taken by Will Wallis webmaster at Cornwall in Focus http://www. ... World map showing the location of Europe. ... // Introduction Cornwall has a strong heritage of mining history, and the areas around Camborne, Pool and Redruth are synonymous with the industry. ...


Mining related

Apart from the mines themselves, Camborne was also home to many important related industries, including the once world-renowned foundry of Holmans (CompAir). Holmans, a family business founded in 1801, was for generations, Camborne's, and indeed Cornwall's largest manufacturer of industrial equipment, even making the famous Sten submachine gun for a stint during the second world war. The Holman Projector was used by the Royal Navy. At its height Holmans was spread over three sites within Camborne, employing some three and half thousand men. Despite Britain's industrial decline, Compair Holmans Camborne factory finally closed in 2001. A foundry is a factory which produces castings of metal, both ferrous and non-ferrous. ... CompAir is an engineering and manufacturering company specialising in compressed air and gas systems. ... This article is about the submachine gun. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... This was a weapon used by the Royal Navy in World War II. It used compressed air or steam to fire a Mills Bomb (type of grenade) at enemy aircraft. ...


On the Afternoon of Tuesday 5th December 2006, a wall of the Holmans factory was leaning towards the railway line, as a result the line west of Truro was closed for the afternoon and night and disrupting railway services, as it was feared the wall could callapse onto the mainline, part of the derelict factory was later demolished that night. Truro (pronounced ; Cornish: Truru) is a city in Cornwall, England, United Kingdom. ...


A modest quantity of South Crofty tin was purchased by a local enterprise and this gradually dwindling stock is used to make specialist tin jewellery, branded as the South Crofty Collection.


Camborne School of Mines

CSM

Because of the importance of metal mining to the Cornish economy, the Camborne School of Mines (CSM) developed as the only specialist hard rock education establishment in the United Kingdom, until the Royal School of Mines was established in 1851. Its beginnings can be traced to 1829 when plans for the school were first laid out and leading to the current school in 1888. It now forms part of the University of Exeter, and relocated to the University's Tremough campus in 2004. CSM graduates are to be found working in the mining industry all over the world. It has a very fine collection of minerals in its museum of geology. Image File history File links Csmshield. ... Image File history File links Csmshield. ... The Camborne School of Mines commonly abbreviated to CSM, is a specialist department of the University of Exeter. ... Royal School of Mines entrance in Londons Albertopolis. ... The University of Exeter (usually abbreviated as Exon. ... Map sources for Tremough at grid reference SW775345 Tremough is a suburb of Falmouth in Cornwall, England. ...


History

In 1931 the ruins of a Roman villa were found at Magor Farm, Illogan, near Camborne, and excavated that year under the guidance of the Royal Institution of Cornwall.[1] It is the only Roman villa found as of 2006 in the whole of Cornwall. Motto Senatus Populusque Romanus (SPQR) The Roman Empire at its greatest extent. ... The Roman Empire contained many kinds of villas. ... The Royal Institution of Cornwall (RIC) was founded in Truro, Cornwall, United Kingdom, in 1818 as the Cornwall Literary and Philosophical Institution. ... 2006 is a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


An inscribed altar stone found at Camborne (now in the Church of St Martin and St Meriadoc), and dated to the tenth or eleventh centuries, attests to the existence of a settlement then.[2]


On Christmas Eve 1801, a steam-powered road locomotive built by Camborne engineer Richard Trevithick made its way up Camborne Hill in Cornwall. It was the world's first self-propelled passenger carrying vehicle and so is considered to be the forerunner to the motor car. The events have been turned into a local song: The Union Jack, flag of the newly formed United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. ... Richard Trevithick Richard Trevithick (April 13, 1771 – April 22, 1833) was a British inventor, engineer and builder of the first working railway steam locomotive. ...

Going up Camborne Hill, coming down,
Going up Camborne Hill, coming down,
The horses stood still,
The wheels turn around,
Going up Camborne Hill, coming down.

Trevithick was born in Illogan, in 1771, a miner's son, and was educated at Camborne School. His achievements (not to mention steam power, mining, and Cornish culture as a whole) are celebrated every last Saturday of April as the town's 'Trevithick Day', and by his statue standing outside Camborne public library. Illogan is a village and civil parish in the Kerrier district of Cornwall, United Kingdom, not far from Redruth and Camborne. ...


Transport

The A30 trunk road now by-passes the Town around its northern edge. The old A30 through the Town has become the A3048. There is a small bus station half way along and to the south of Trelowarren Street (the main high street), which has featured in tales by Cornish comedian Jethro. The A30 is an old trunk road (main road) which runs from central London to Lands End, the westernmost point of the mainland of England (though not of mainland Great Britain), and is sometimes called the Great South West Road. ... A63(T) trunk road A trunk road, trunk highway, or strategic road is a major road—usually connecting one or more cities, ports, airports, etc. ... Cover of JeThRo video Go You Ahead Hmmm. ...


The railway station is a half-mile south from the town centre, with a level crossing and footbridge at its eastern end. Camborne station used to be famous for its short platforms, which meant that passengers on main line services between London and Penzance could only board and alight from certain carriages. Partly because of this not all services stopped at Camborne, preferring nearby Redruth station. The platforms have been upgraded but the memory lives on, again partly in stories by Jethro. Camborne station is served by Virgin Trains and First Great Western. The term level crossing (also called a railroad crossing, railway crossing, train crossing or grade crossing) is a crossing on one level (at-grade intersection) — without recourse to a bridge or tunnel — of a railway line by a road, path, or another railroad. ... ... Camborne station in 2005, wrapped in scaffolding Camborne Station serves the town of Camborne, Cornwall, UK. The station is operated by Wessex Trains as is every other station in Cornwall. ... Paddington Station, March 2005 during rush hour Paddington station or London Paddington station is a major National Rail and London Underground station complex in the Paddington area of London. ... Penzance Harbour and surrounding area as seen from the air Penzance (Cornish: Pensans) is a civil parish and port town in the Penwith district of Cornwall, England, UK. Granted various Royal Charters from 1512 onwards and incorporated in 1614,[2] it has a population of 21,168[1] people and... Map sources for Redruth at grid reference SW700420 Redruth (Cornish: Rysrudh) is a town in the south-west of Cornwall, Britain. ... This article needs additional references or sources for verification. ... First Great Western is the operating name of First Greater Western Ltd,[1] a British train operating company owned by First Group, which operates services in the west and south west of England and South Wales. ...


Camborne was, for a while, home of Cornwalls only tram service. This system was opened in 1902 and ran a regular service to Redruth until it closed in 1927.


Rugby

Camborne rugby club was established in 1878 and is one of the most famous clubs in Cornwall, having produced numerous Cornwall players over the years. In 1987 Camborne were the highest placed Cornish club in the newly formed National leagues when they entered at Courage National Division 4 South level, (equivalent to National Division 3 South today). Camborne is one of the grounds used by the Cornish rugby team and has hosted many notable international sides including the New Zealand 'All Blacks' in 1905, 1924 and 1953, Australia in 1908, 1947 and 1967, South Africa 1960, United States 1977 and numerous other touring sides such as the South African Barbarians and Canterbury (NZ). Flag of Cornwall The Cornish Rugby Football Union (CRFU) was formed in 1883. ... First international Australia 3 - 22 New Zealand (15 August 1903) Largest win New Zealand 145 - 17 Japan (4 June 1995) Worst defeat Australia 28 - 7 New Zealand (28 August 1999) World Cup Appearances 5 (First in 1987) Best result Champions, 1987 The All Blacks are New Zealands national rugby...


Regeneration

Despite a poor reputation as a depressed region throughout much of Cornwall, Camborne, Pool and Redruth are at the centre of a £150 million redevelopment scheme which hopes to reverse decades of social-economic decline in this former industrial heartland of Cornwall. 'CPR Regeneration', one of the government's 19 'URCs' or Urban Regeneration Companies, oversee one of the largest urban renewal projects in the country, driving the regeneration of up to 1.5 square kilometres of land with the aim of creating more than 4,000 jobs and increasing wages in the area by 15%. So far they have not achieved this. WORLD OF WARCRAFT IS THE BEST GAME EVER INVENTED AND PLAY IT. IF YOU DONT PLAY WORLD OF WARCRAFT, YOU ARE A nOOb. ...


However CPR has come under pressure from local MPs due to its refusal to co-operate with the owners of South Crofty Tin Mine in Pool, Baseresult Holdings. They have refused to allow the mine to re-start operations and threatened to make a compulsory purchase order of the area. The CPR have gone as far as illegally filling in areas of the mine with concrete without council permission although the council did not press charges against CPR. CPR have gven all major contracts to date to Midas Homes, and this is viewed as suspicious by many local people, especially considering the presence of the Midas Construction Chairman on the CPR Regeneration Board.


Local MPs have criticized the organisation for interefering in the private sector, and said there maybe ulterior motives. Andrew George, MP for West Cornwall, said, "The RDA’s antics are at odds with the claims made to me by the Minister in Parliament and in a letter that the RDA ‘will be informed by the outcome of public consultation. I am astounded that a public body can be acting in such a predatory manner. The RDA seems to want to jump in where it is not wanted and yet it doesn’t intervene where it is. There are places like the Union Hotel in Penzance where the owner and local applicants would be grateful if the RDA were able to step in and purchase but the RDA says that it must be market tested first. Yet when they are faced with a Mine where the owners want to do something constructive, the RDA seem keen to intervene. The public sector has a role in supporting the private sector when projects are not able to be self sustaining. Public money and resources should not be used to undermine the efforts of the private sector".


Politics

Since the United Kingdom general election, 2005, Camborne now has a Liberal Democrat MP, Julia Goldsworthy, who is in favour of more self-governance in Cornwall. Pro-Cornish party Mebyon Kernow, who favour a Cornish Assembly, has a large following in the area and recently became the largest political group on Camborne town council after a by-election. The party now has four councillors on Kerrier District Council and six councillors on the town council out of a total of 17 seats. Of the remaining 11 seats, the Liberal Democrats and the Labour Party both have five, and the Conservatives one. It has been suggested that Marginal constituencies in the United Kingdom be merged into this article or section. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Julia Goldsworthy MP Julia Anne Goldsworthy (born September 10, 1978) is a British politician. ... Self-governance is an abstract concept that refers to several scales of organization. ... Mebyon Kernow (Cornish for Sons of Cornwall, often abbrieviated MK) is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... Flag of Cornwall // Overview In July 2000 Mebyon Kernow launched the Declaration for a Cornish Assembly campaign which some three months later led to the creation of The Cornish Constitutional Convention with the objective of establishing a devolved Assembly for Cornwall. ... Kerrier (Cornish: Keryer) is a local government district in Cornwall, England, UK. It is the most southerly district in the United Kingdom, other than the Isles of Scilly. ... The Labour Party is a political party in the United Kingdom. ... The Conservative Party (officially the Conservative and Unionist Party) is the second largest political party in the United Kingdom in terms of sitting Members of Parliament (MPs), the largest in terms of public membership, and the oldest political party in the United Kingdom. ...


Literature

Camborne has gained literary notoriety with the publication of Alan M Kent's 2005 novel Proper job, Charlie Curnow ! set in and around the Trelawney Estate.


See also

Camborne, New Zealand, is a hilltop and seaside suburb of Porirua City developed over a 35-year period from the 1960s, initially by an investment company headed by a Mr Arthur Cornish. ... Porirua is a city in New Zealand, 20 km north of Wellington. ... Holman Climax Male Voice Choir formed in 1940 and based in Camborne, Cornwall was originally known as Climax Male Voice Choir added the name Holman to its title during the late 1960s after the two companies of Holmans and Climax joined together. ... This is a list of topics related to Cornwall, UK. The Cornwall category contains a more comprehensive selection of Cornish articles. ...

Notes

  1. ^ B.H. St.J. O'Neil, "Roman villa in Cornwall", Antiquity 5 (1931), pp .494-5, with photographs
  2. ^ See the discussion and bibliography in Elisabeth Okasha, Corpus of early Christian inscribed stones of South-west Britain (Leicester: University Press, 1993), pp.82-84.

External links



 
Civil Parishes of Kerrier District
Cornwall
Breage | Budock | Camborne | Carharrack | Carn Brea | Constantine | Crowan | Cury | Germoe | Grade-Ruan | Gunwalloe | Gweek | Helston | Illogan | Landewednack | Lanner | Mabe | Manaccan | Mawgan-in-Meneage | Mawnan | Mullion | Porthleven | Portreath | Redruth | St Anthony-in-Meneage | St Day | St Gluvias | St Keverne | St Martin-in-Meneage | Sithney | Stithians | Wendron

  Results from FactBites:
 
Camborne - Cornwall (689 words)
Camborne reached the peak of its prosperity in the mid 1880s.
Camborne never again enjoyed the prosperity of its boom years, but you can still see many of the fine buildings and institutions from this era.
Camborne was a prosperous boom town in the nineteenth century, due to the tin mining industry.
Camborne - definition of Camborne in Encyclopedia (450 words)
Camborne, (Cornish: Kambronn, 'Crooked Hill') is a small town located in the far west of Cornwall, England, forming the western end of the greater Camborne, Pool, Redruth conurbation.
Camborne is also notable as the home of Richard Trevithick, the miner's son who's work in high pressure steam boilers led to one of the worlds first locomotive engines.
Because of the importance of metal mining to the Cornish economy, the Camborne School of Mines (CSM) developed as the only specialist hard rock education establishment in the U.K. It is now part of the University of Exeter in Cornwall, and has relocated to the University's Tremough campus.
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