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Encyclopedia > Cambodia
Image:Cambodia5-trans.png
Preăh Réachéanachâkr Kâmpŭchea
Kingdom of Cambodia / Royaume du Cambodge
Flag of Cambodia
Flag Royal Arms
Motto Image:kh-motto-trans.png
"Nation, Religion, King"
AnthemNokoreach
Capital
(and largest city)
Phnom Penh
11°33′N, 104°55′E
Official languages Khmer
Demonym Cambodian
Government Constitutional monarchy
 -  King Norodom Sihamoni
 -  Prime Minister Hun Sen
Independence
 -  from France November 9, 1953 
Area
 -  Total 181,035 km² (89th)
69,898 sq mi 
 -  Water (%) 2.5
Population
 -  July 2006 estimate 13,971,000 (63rd)
 -  1998 census 11,437,656 
 -  Density 78/km² (112th)
201/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2006 estimate
 -  Total $36.82 billion (89th)
 -  Per capita $2,600 (133rd)
HDI (2007) 0.598 (medium) (131st)
Currency Riel (៛)1 (KHR)
Time zone (UTC+7)
 -  Summer (DST)  (UTC+7)
Internet TLD .kh
Calling code +855
1 Local currency, although US dollars are widely used.

The Kingdom of Cambodia (pronounced /kæmˈboʊdɪə/, formerly known as Kampuchea (/kampuˈtɕiːə/, Image:Official name of Cambodia.png, transliterated: Preăh Réachéanachâkr Kâmpŭchea) is a country in South East Asia with a population of over 13 million people. Phnom Penh is the capital city. Cambodia is the successor state of the once powerful Hindu and Buddhist Khmer Empire, which ruled most of the Indochinese Peninsula between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries. Kim Wilde (born Kim Smith, November 18, 1960 in Chiswick, West London) is an English pop singer, professional gardener and pop cultural figure. ... For the country in southeast asia, see Cambodia. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Cambodia. ... Flag ratio: 2:3 The national flag of Cambodia () was readopted in 1993, after elections returned the monarchy to rule. ... The Royal Arms of Cambodia are the symbol of the monarchy of that nation. ... For other uses, see Motto (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... A national anthem is a generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a countrys government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. ... Nokoreach (Royal Kingdom) is the national anthem of Cambodia. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Not to be confused with capitol. ... Number of inhabitants between 1961 and 2001 in thousands. ... Nickname: Location of Phnom Penh, Cambodia Coordinates: , Country Province Settled 1372 Became Capital 1865 Government  - Type Municipality  - Mayor & Governor H.E. Keb Chutema (Khmer: )  - Vice Governors H.E. Than Sina, H.E. Map Sarin, H.E. Seng Tong Area  - Total 376 km² (145. ... An official language is a language that is given a special legal status in the countries, states, and other territories. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A constitutional monarchy or limited monarchy is a form of government established under a constitutional system which acknowledges an elected or hereditary monarch as head of state, as opposed to an absolute monarchy, where the monarch is not... This is a complete list of Kings of Cambodia 6th century: Bhavavarman I 6th century: Mahendravarman 7th century: Isanavarman I 7th century: Bhavavarman II 7th century: Jayavarman I 8th century: Queen Jayavedi REIGN UNKNOWN: Sambhuvarman REIGN UNKNOWN: Pushkaraksha 8th century: Sambhuvarman 8th century: Rajendravarman I REIGN UNKNOWN: Mahipativarman 802-850... Norodom Sihamoni, King of Cambodia (born 14 May 1953) the elder and only surviving son of King Norodom Sihanouk and Queen Mother Norodom Monineath Sihanouk. ... This is a list of prime ministers of Cambodia. ... Sâmdech (Lord) Hun Sen, (born April 4, 1951) is the Prime Minister of Cambodia and is married to Bun Rany. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... This is a list of the countries of the world sorted by area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Impact from a water drop causes an upward rebound jet surrounded by circular capillary waves. ... A percentage is a way of expressing a proportion, a ratio or a fraction as a whole number, by using 100 as the denominator. ... Map of countries by population for the year 2007. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Population density by country, 2006 List of countries and dependencies by population density in inhabitants/km². The list includes sovereign states and self-governing dependent territories that are recognized by the United Nations. ... PPP of GDP for the countries of the world (2003). ... There are three lists of countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) (the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year). ... Per capita is a Latin phrase meaning for each head. ... This article includes two lists of countries of the world[1] sorted by their gross domestic product (GDP) at purchasing power parity (PPP) per capita, the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year divided by the average population for the same year. ... This page talks about Human Development Index, for other HDIs see HDI (disambiguation) World map indicating Human Development Index (2007). ... This talks about the countries in the Human Development Index, for information on the Human Development Index, please Click Here World map indicating Human Development Index (2007) (Colour-blind compliant map) For red-green color vision problems. ... Riel (Khmer: រៀល, Symbol ៛) is the national currency of Cambodia. ... ISO 4217 is the international standard describing three letter codes (also known as the currency code) to define the names of currencies established by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... UTC redirects here. ... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... UTC redirects here. ... A country code top-level domain (ccTLD) is a top-level domain used and reserved for a country or a dependent territory. ... .kh is the Internet country code top-level domain ( ccTLD) for Cambodia. ... This is a list of country calling codes defined by ITU-T recommendation E.164. ... USD redirects here. ... Transliteration is the practice of transcribing a word or text written in one writing system into another writing system. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Nickname: Location of Phnom Penh, Cambodia Coordinates: , Country Province Settled 1372 Became Capital 1865 Government  - Type Municipality  - Mayor & Governor H.E. Keb Chutema (Khmer: )  - Vice Governors H.E. Than Sina, H.E. Map Sarin, H.E. Seng Tong Area  - Total 376 km² (145. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Succession of states. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ... A replica of an ancient statue found among the ruins of a temple at Sarnath Buddhism is a philosophy based on the teachings of the Buddha, Siddhārtha Gautama, a prince of the Shakyas, whose lifetime is traditionally given as 566 to 486 BCE. It had subsequently been accepted by... Map of Asia and Europe c. ... Indochina 1886 Indochina, or the Indochinese Peninsula, is a region in Southeast Asia. ...


A citizen of Cambodia is usually identified as "Cambodian" or "Khmer," though the latter strictly refers to ethnic Khmers. Most Cambodians are Theravada Buddhists of Khmer extraction, but the country also has a substantial number of predominantly Muslim Cham, as well as ethnic Chinese, Vietnamese and small animist hill tribes. The Khmer people are the predominant ethnic group in Cambodia, accounting for approximately 90% of the 13. ... Theravada (Pāli: theravāda (cf Sanskrit: स्थविरवाद sthaviravāda); literally, the Teaching of the Elders, or the Ancient Teaching) is the oldest surviving Buddhist school, and for many centuries has been the predominant religion of Sri Lanka (about 70% of the population[1]) and most of continental Southeast Asia (Cambodia... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... This article is about the Cham people of Asia. ... The term Animism is derived from the Latin anima, meaning soul.[1][2] In its most general sense, animism is simply the belief in souls. ...


The country borders Thailand to its west and northwest, Laos to its northeast, and Vietnam to its east and southeast. In the south it faces the Gulf of Thailand. The geography of Cambodia is dominated by the Mekong river (colloquial Khmer: Tonle Thom or "the great river") and the Tonlé Sap ("the fresh water lake"), an important source of fish. The Gulf of Thailand is a gulf located in the South China Sea (Pacific Ocean), surrounded by the countries Malaysia, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam. ... The Mekong is one of the world’s major rivers. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... NASA satellite image of the Tonle Sap (the Great Lake) The Tonlé Sap (meaning Large Fresh Water River but more commonly translated as Great Lake) is a combined lake and river system of huge importance to Cambodia. ...


Cambodia's main industries are garments and tourism. In 2006, foreign visitors had surpassed the 1.7 million mark.[1] In 2005, oil and natural gas deposits were found beneath Cambodia's territorial water, and once commercial extraction begins in 2009 or early 2010, the oil revenues could profoundly affect Cambodia's economy.[2] (See also List of types of clothing) Introduction Humans often wear articles of clothing (also known as dress, garments or attire) on the body (for the alternative, see nudity). ... Tourist redirects here. ...

Contents

Etymology

Main article: Kamboja (name)

Cambodia is the traditional English transliteration, taken from the French Cambodge, while Kampuchea is the direct transliteration, more faithful to the Khmer pronunciation. The Khmer Kampuchea is derived from the ancient Khmer kingdom of Kambuja (Kambujadesa). Kambuja or Kamboja is the ancient Sanskrit name of the Kambojas, an early tribe of north India, named after their founder Kambu Svayambhuva,[3] believed to be a variant of Cambyses. See Etymology of Kamboja. The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... Transliteration is the practice of transcribing a word or text written in one writing system into another writing system. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... Look up Kambuja in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Kamboja (Sanskrit: कम्बोज) was the ancient name of a Hindu country, and the Indo-Iranian Kshatriya tribe, the Kambojas, settled therein. ... Sanskrit ( , for short ) is a classical language of India, a liturgical language of Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, and Jainism, and one of the 23 official languages of India. ... The Kambojas are a very ancient Kshatriya tribe of the north-western parts of the Indian subcontinent and what is now Afghanistan, frequently mentioned in ancient texts, although not in the Rig Veda. ... Kambu Swayambhuva was a sage prince of Kamboja lineage who finds mention along with sage Agastya, Kaundinya Swayambhuva, king Rajendra Chola, king Ashoka Mauriya and king Pushyamitra Shunga in Shloka-22 in Ekamata Stotra. ... Cambyses (or Cambese) is the Greek version of the name of several monarchs of Achaemenid line of ancient Persia. ... Kamboja (or Kambuja) is the name of an ancient Indo-Iranian tribe of Indo-European family, believed to be located originally in Pamirs and Badakshan in Central Asia. ...

"Khmer Land" in Khmer writing, a local expression which refers to Cambodia
"Khmer Land" in Khmer writing, a local expression which refers to Cambodia

Preahreachanachâk Kampuchea means "Kingdom of Cambodia". Etymologically, its components are: Preah- ("sacred"); -reach- ("king, royal, realm", from Sanskrit); -ana- (from Pāli āṇā, "authority, command, power", itself from Sanskrit ājñā, same meaning) -châk (from Sanskrit chakra, meaning "wheel", a symbol of power and rule). Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog translated into Khmer. ... For the town and district in Rajasthan, see Pali, Rajasthan For the Ganapati temple of pali and place in Maharastra, see Ballaleshwar Pali Pāli (Devanagari पालि) is a Middle Indo-Aryan dialect or prakrit. ... For the Naruto jutsu, see Chakra (Naruto). ...


The name used on formal occasions, such as political speeches and news programs, is Prâteh Kampuchea (Khmer: ប្រទេសកម្ពុជា), literally "the Country of Cambodia". Prâteh is a formal word meaning "country." The colloquial name most used by Khmer people, is Srok Khmae (Khmer: ស្រុកខ្មែរ), literally "the Khmer Land". Srok is a Mon-Khmer word roughly equal to prâteh, but less formal. Khmer is spelled with a final "r" in the Khmer alphabet, but the word-final "r" phoneme disappeared from most dialects of Khmer in the 19th century and is not pronounced in the contemporary speech of the standard dialect. Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... The Mon-Khmer languages are the autochthonous languages of Indo-China. ... In human language, a phoneme is the theoretical representation of a sound. ...


Since independence, the official name of Cambodia has changed several times, following the troubled history of the country. The following names have been used in English and French since 1954.

  • Kingdom of Cambodia/Royaume du Cambodge under the rule of the monarchy from 1953 through 1970;
  • Khmer Republic/République Khmère (a calque of French Republic) under the Lon Nol led government from 1970 to 1975;
  • Democratic Kampuchea/Kampuchea démocratique under the rule of the communist Khmer Rouge from 1975 to 1979;
  • People's Republic of Kampuchea/République populaire du Kampuchea under the rule of the Vietnamese-sponsored government from 1979 to 1989;
  • State of Cambodia/État du Cambodge (a neutral name, while deciding whether to return to monarchy) under the rule of the United Nations transitional authority from 1989 to 1993;
  • Kingdom of Cambodia/Royaume du Cambodge reused after the restoration of the monarchy in 1993.

// In linguistics, a calque (pronounced ) or loan translation is a word or phrase borrowed from another language by literal, word-for-word (Latin: verbum pro verbo) or root-for-root translation. ... The French Republic or France (French: République française or France) is a country whose metropolitan territory is located in western Europe, and which is further made up of a collection of overseas islands and territories located in other continents. ... Lon Nol (លន់នល់ in Khmer) (​November 13, 1913 - November 17, 1985) was a Cambodian politician and soldier who served as Prime Minister of Cambodia twice as well as serving repeatedly as Defense Minister. ... Some of the Khmer Rouge leaders during their period in power. ...

History

Main article: History of Cambodia
A Khmer army going to war against the Cham, from a relief on the Bayon
A Khmer army going to war against the Cham, from a relief on the Bayon

The first advanced civilizations in present-day Cambodia appeared in the 1st millennium AD. During the 3rd, 4th, and 5th centuries, the Indianised states of Funan and Chenla coalesced in what is now present-day Cambodia and southwestern Vietnam. These states, which are assumed by most scholars to have been Khmer,[4] had close relations with China and India.[5] Their collapse was followed by the rise of the Khmer Empire, a civilization which flourished in the area from the 9th century to the 13th century. This is the History of Cambodia series. ... Description Khmer army going to war against the Cham Relief at the Bayon temple in Angkor (S section, E gallery), late 12th to beginning 13th century see also: Angkor Thom, Cambodia Source Photographed by Manfred Werner (profile at de. ... Description Khmer army going to war against the Cham Relief at the Bayon temple in Angkor (S section, E gallery), late 12th to beginning 13th century see also: Angkor Thom, Cambodia Source Photographed by Manfred Werner (profile at de. ... Map of Asia and Europe c. ... South East Asia circa 1100 C.E. Champa territory in green. ... [[Image:Bayon-temple. ... In the Gregorian calendar, the 1st millennium is the period of one thousand years that commenced with the year 1 Anno Domini. ... AD redirects here. ... (2nd century - 3rd century - 4th century - other centuries) Events The Sassanid dynasty of Persia launches a war to reconquer lost lands in the Roman east. ... (3rd century - 4th century - 5th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 4th century was that century which lasted from 301 to 400. ... (4th century - 5th century - 6th century - other centuries) Events Rome sacked by Visigoths in 410. ... Funan (Old Khmer Bnam, Modern Khmer Phnom (i. ... Chenla, known from Chinese records as Zhenla (真腊), was an early Khmer kingdom. ... Map of Asia and Europe c. ... (8th century - 9th century - 10th century - other centuries) Events Beowulf might have been written down in this century, though it could also have been in the 8th century Viking attacks on Europe begin Oseberg ship burial The Magyars arrive in what is now Hungary, forcing the Serbs and Bulgars south... (12th century - 13th century - 14th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 13th century was that century which lasted from 1201 to 1300. ...

South East Asia around the 1200s

The Khmer Empire declined yet remained powerful in the region until the 15th century. The empire's center of power was Angkor, where a series of capitals was constructed during the empire's zenith. Angkor Wat, the most famous and best-preserved religious temple at the site, is a reminder of Cambodia's past as a major regional power. Image File history File links SoutheastAsia1200Map. ... Image File history File links SoutheastAsia1200Map. ... Map of Asia and Europe c. ... Map of the Angkor region in Cambodia. ... The main entrance to the temple proper, seen from the eastern end of the Naga causeway Angkor Wat (or Angkor Vat) (Khmer: អង្គរវត្ត), a World Heritage Site, is a temple at Angkor, Cambodia, built for King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century as his state temple and capital city. ...


After a long series of wars with neighbouring kingdoms, Angkor was sacked by the Thai and abandoned in 1432.[6] The court moved the capital to Lovek where the kingdom sought to regain its glory through maritime trade. The attempt was short-lived, however, as continued wars with the Thai and Vietnamese resulted in the loss of more territory and the conquering of Lovek in 1594. During the next three centuries, The Khmer kingdom alternated as a vassal state of the Thai and Vietnamese kings, with short-lived periods of relative independence between. Lovek was a city in ancient Cambodia that became the nations capital in the 16th century, during which Cambodia was often referred to as Lovek. ...


In 1863 King Norodom, who had been installed by Thailand,[7] sought the protection of France. In 1867, the Thai king signed a treaty with France, renouncing suzerainty over Cambodia in exchange for the control of Battambang and Siem Reap provinces which officially became part of Thailand. The provinces were ceded back to Cambodia by a border treaty between France and Thailand in 1906. Norodom (1834-1904) succeeded his father Ang Duong as King of Cambodia, ruling from 1860 until his death. ... Suzerainty (pronounced or ) is a situation in which a region or people is a tributary to a more powerful entity which allows the tributary some limited domestic autonomy to control its foreign affairs. ... Battambang is Cambodias second-largest city (urban area population is nearly 1,000,000. ... Fruit vendor at the Siem Reap market. ...


Cambodia continued as a protectorate of France from 1863 to 1953, administered as part of the French colony of Indochina. After war-time occupation by the Japanese empire from 1941 to 1911, Cambodia gained independence from France on November 9, 1953. It became a constitutional monarchy under King Norodom Sihanouk. This article is about states protected and/or dominated by a foreign power. ... This article is about a type of political territory. ... Indochina 1886 Indochina, or the Indochinese Peninsula, is a region in Southeast Asia. ... His Imperial Majesty, Emperor Akihito of Japan The Emperor of Japan (天皇, tennō) is Japans titular head of state and the head of the Japanese imperial family. ... is the 313th day of the year (314th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1953 (MCMLIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Time in office: Apr. ...


In 1955, Sihanouk abdicated in favour of his father in order to be elected Prime Minister. Upon his father's death in 1960, Sihanouk again became head of state, taking the title of Prince. As the Vietnam War progressed, Sihanouk adopted an official policy of neutrality until ousted in 1970 by a military coup led by Prime Minister General Lon Nol and Prince Sisowath Sirik Matak, while on a trip abroad. From Beijing, Sihanouk realigned himself with the communist Khmer Rouge rebels who had been slowly gaining territory in the remote mountain regions and urged his followers to help in overthrowing the pro-United States government of Lon Nol, hastening the onset of civil war.[8] Combatants Republic of Vietnam United States Republic of Korea Thailand Australia New Zealand The Philippines National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Democratic Republic of Vietnam People’s Republic of China Democratic Peoples Republic of Korea Strength US 1,000,000 South Korea 300,000 Australia 48,000... A neutral country takes no side in a war between other parties, and in return hopes to avoid being attacked by either of them. ... The Cambodian coup of 1970 refers to removal of Prince Norodom Sihanouk and the subsequent elevation of Lon Nol as head of state in Cambodia in 1970. ... A coup détat, or simply a coup, is the sudden overthrow of a government, usually done by a small group that just replaces the top power figures. ... Lon Nol (លន់នល់ in Khmer) (​November 13, 1913 - November 17, 1985) was a Cambodian politician and soldier who served as Prime Minister of Cambodia twice as well as serving repeatedly as Defense Minister. ... Prince Sisowath Sirik Matak Prince Sisowath Sirik Matak (January 22, 1914 — April 21, 1975) was a prince of Cambodia. ... Peking redirects here. ... This article is about communism as a form of society and as a political movement. ... Some of the Khmer Rouge leaders during their period in power. ... Combatants Khmer Republic, United States, Republic of Vietnam Khmer Rouge, Democratic Republic of Vietnam, National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (NLF) Strength ~250,000 FANK troops ~100,000 (60,000) Khmer Rouge Casualties ~600,000 dead, 1,000,000+ wounded[1] The Cambodian Civil War was a conflict that pitted...


Operation Menu, a series of secret B-52 bombing raids by the United States on alleged Viet Cong bases and supply routes inside Cambodia, was acknowledged after Lon Nol assumed power; U.S. forces briefly invaded Cambodia in a further effort to disrupt the Viet Cong. The bombing continued and, as the Cambodian communists began gaining ground, eventually included strikes on suspected Khmer Rouge sites until halted in 1973.[9] Combatants United States Democratic Republic of Vietnam National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam Operation Menu was the codename of a covert U.S. Strategic Air Command (SAC) bombing campaign conducted in eastern Cambodia from 18 March 1969 until 26 May 1970, during the Vietnam Conflict. ... B-52 can refer to the following: The Boeing B-52 Stratofortress strategic bomber aircraft A hairstyle popular in the 1950s and 1960s, named after the aircraft A rock band, The B-52s, named after the hairstyle A cocktail This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists... A Viet Cong soldier, heavily guarded, awaits interrogation following capture in the attacks on Saigon during the festive Tet holiday period of 1968. ... Combatants Republic of Vietnam, United States National Front for the Liberation of South Vietnam, Democratic Republic of Vietnam Commanders Lu Lan (ARVN, II Corps), Do Cao Tri (ARVN, III Corps), Nguyen Viet Thanh (ARVN, IV Corps), Creighton W. Abrams (U.S.) Pham Hung (political), Hoang Van Thai (military) Strength 58...


Some two milion Cambodians were made refugees by the bombing and fighting and fled to Phnom Penh. Estimates of the number of Cambodians killed during the bombing campaigns vary widely. Views of the effects of the bombing also vary widely. The US Seventh Air Force argued that the bombing prevented the fall of Phnom Penh in 1973 by killing 16,000 of 25,500 Khmer Rouge fighters besieging the city.[10]Journalist William Shawcross and Cambodia specialists Milton Osborne, David Chandler and Ben Kiernan argued that the bombing drove peasants to join the Khmer Rouge. Chandler writes that the bombing provided "the psychological ingredients of a violent, vengeful and unrelenting social revolution."[11]Cambodia specialist Craig Etcheson argued that it is "untenable" to assert that the Khmer Rouge would not have won but for US intervention, and that while the bombing did help Khmer Rouge recruitment, they "would have won anyway."[12] As the war ended, a draft US AID report observed that the country faced famine in 1975, with 75 of its draft animals destroyed by the war, and that rice planting for the next harvest would have to be done "by the hard labor of seriously malnourished people." The report predicted that Some of the Khmer Rouge leaders during their period in power. ... William Shawcross (born 28 May 1946, Sussex) is a British writer, broadcaster and commentator. ... Milton Osborne is an Australian historian, author, and consultant specializing in Southeast Asia. ... Benedict F. Kiernan (born 1953 in Melbourne, Australia) is the Whitney Griswold Professor of History, Professor of International and Area Studies and Director of the Genocide Studies Program at Yale University. ... Some of the Khmer Rouge leaders during their period in power. ... Some of the Khmer Rouge leaders during their period in power. ... Some of the Khmer Rouge leaders during their period in power. ...

without large-scale external food and equipment assistance there will be widespread starvation between now and next February... Slave labor and starvation rations for half the nation's people (probably heaviest among those who supported the republic) will be a cruel necessity for this year, and general deprivation and suffering will stretch over the next two or three years before Cambodia can get back to rice self-sufficiency.[13]

The Khmer Rouge reached Phnom Penh and took power in 1975 changing the official name of the country to Democratic Kampuchea, led by Pol Pot. They immediately evacuated the cities and sent the entire population on forced marches to rural work projects. They attempted to rebuild the country's agriculture on the model of the 11th century. They also discarded Western medicine, with the result that while hundreds of thousands died from starvation and disease there were almost no drugs in the country.[14] Some of the Khmer Rouge leaders during their period in power. ... Flag Anthem Dap Prampi Mesa Chokchey Capital Phnom Penh Language(s) Khmer language Government Socialist republic Historical era Cold War  - Civil War 1967-1975  - Established April 17, 1975  - Fall of Phnom Pehn January 7, 1979  - Monarchy restored 1993-09-24 Currency Riel Democratic Kampuchea (French:Kampuchea démocratique, Khmer: ) was... Saloth Sar (May 19, 1925 – April 15, 1998), aliases Pol, Pouk, Hay, Grand-Uncle, First Brother, 87, Phem, 99, and best known as Pol Pot[1], was the leader of the communist movement called Khmer Rouge and the Prime Minister of Cambodia (officially renamed the Democratic Kampuchea during his rule...

Bones of children executed at the Killing Fields
Bones of children executed at the Killing Fields

Estimates vary as to how many people were killed by the Khmer Rouge regime, ranging from approximately one to three million.[15][16] Hundreds of thousands more fled across the border into neighbouring Thailand. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1773x1356, 637 KB) Description: The Killing Fields: Choeung Ek, near Phnom Penh, Cambodia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1773x1356, 637 KB) Description: The Killing Fields: Choeung Ek, near Phnom Penh, Cambodia. ... See also: The Killing Fields. ... Some of the Khmer Rouge leaders during their period in power. ...


In November 1978, Vietnam invaded Cambodia to stop Khmer Rouge incursions across the border and the genocide of Vietnamese in Cambodia.[17] Violent occupation and warfare between the Vietnamese and Khmer Rouge holdouts continued throughout the 1980s. Peace efforts began in Paris in 1989, culminating two years later in October 1991 in a comprehensive peace settlement. The United Nations was given a mandate to enforce a ceasefire, and deal with refugees and disarmament.[18] After the fall of Democratic Kampuchea, Cambodia was under Vietnamese occupation and in a civil war during the 1980s. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... UN and U.N. redirect here. ...


After the brutality of the 1970 and the 1980, and the destruction of the cultural, economic, social and political life of Cambodia, it is only in recent years that reconstruction efforts have begun and some political stability has finally returned to Cambodia. The stability established following the conflict was shaken in 1997 during a coup d'état,[19] but has otherwise remained in place. Cambodia has been aided by a number of more developed nations like Japan, France, Canada, Australia and the United States, primarily economically. Money raised in schools and community groups in these countries has gone towards the rebuilding of infrastructure and housing.


Politics and government

Main article: Politics of Cambodia

The politics of Cambodia formally take place, according to the nation's constitution of 1993, in the framework of a constitutional monarchy operated as a parliamentary representative democracy. The Prime Minister of Cambodia is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system, while the king is the head of state. The Prime Minister is appointed by the King, on the advice and with the approval of the National Assembly; the Prime Minister and his or her ministerial appointees exercise executive power in government. Legislative power is vested in both the executive and the two chambers of parliament, the National Assembly of Cambodia and the Senate. Politics of Cambodia takes according to the nations constitution (enacted in 1993) formally place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister of Cambodia is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... Sâmdech (Lord) Hun Sen, (born April 4, 1951) is the Prime Minister of Cambodia and is married to Bun Rany. ... This is a list of prime ministers of Cambodia. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A constitutional monarchy or limited monarchy is a form of government established under a constitutional system which acknowledges an elected or hereditary monarch as head of state, as opposed to an absolute monarchy, where the monarch is not... A parliamentary system, or parliamentarism, is distinguished by the executive branch of government being dependent on the direct or indirect support of the parliament, often expressed through a vote of confidence. ... Representative democracy is a form of government founded on the principles of popular sovereignty by the peoples representatives. ... This is a list of prime ministers of Cambodia. ... The head of government is the chief officer of the executive branch of a government, often presiding over a cabinet. ... A multi-party system is a type of party system. ... This is a complete list of Kings of Cambodia 6th century: Bhavavarman I 6th century: Mahendravarman 7th century: Isanavarman I 7th century: Bhavavarman II 7th century: Jayavarman I 8th century: Queen Jayavedi REIGN UNKNOWN: Sambhuvarman REIGN UNKNOWN: Pushkaraksha 8th century: Sambhuvarman 8th century: Rajendravarman I REIGN UNKNOWN: Mahipativarman 802-850... For the comedy film of the same name, see Head of State (film). ... Parliament has two chambers. ... Under the doctrine of the separation of powers, the executive is the branch of a government charged with implementing, or executing, the law. ... A legislature is a governmental deliberative body with the power to adopt laws. ... Parliament has two chambers. ... The Senate (Sénat) is one of the chambers of Parliament. ...

King Norodom Sihamoni of Cambodia
King Norodom Sihamoni of Cambodia

On October 14, 2004, King Norodom Sihamoni was selected by a special nine-member throne council, part of a selection process that was quickly put in place after the surprise abdication of King Norodom Sihanouk a week before. Sihamoni's selection was endorsed by Prime Minister Hun Sen and National Assembly Speaker Prince Norodom Ranariddh (the new king's brother), both members of the throne council your face. He was crowned in Phnom Penh on October 29. The monarchy is symbolic and does not exercise political power. Norodom Sihamoni was trained in Cambodian classical dance. Due to his long stay in the Czech Republic (then part of Czechoslovakia) Norodom Sihamoni is fluent in the Czech language. Norodom Sihamoni, King of Cambodia (born 14 May 1953) the elder and only surviving son of King Norodom Sihanouk and Queen Mother Norodom Monineath Sihanouk. ... is the 287th day of the year (288th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Norodom Sihamoni, King of Cambodia (born 14 May 1953) the elder and only surviving son of King Norodom Sihanouk and Queen Mother Norodom Monineath Sihanouk. ... Sâmdech (Lord) Hun Sen, (born April 4, 1951) is the Prime Minister of Cambodia and is married to Bun Rany. ... Prince Norodom Ranariddh (born January 2, 1944) is the second son of King Norodom Sihanouk and a half brother of Norodom Sihamoni. ... is the 302nd day of the year (303rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Czech (pronounced ; čeština IPA: in Czech) is one of the West Slavic languages, along with Slovak, Polish, Pomeranian (Kashubian), and Lusatian Sorbian. ...


In 2006 of you face, Transparency International's rating of corrupt countries rated Cambodia as 151st of 163 countries of their Corruption Perceptions Index. [20] . The 2007 edition of the same list placed Cambodia at 162nd out of 179 countries [21]. According to this same list, Cambodia is the 3rd most corrupt nation in the South-East Asia area, behind Laos, at 168th, and Myanmar, at joint 179th. The BBC reports that corruption is rampant in the Cambodian political arena[22] with international aid from the U.S. and other countries being illegally transferred into private accounts.[23] Corruption has also added to the wide income disparity within the population.[24] Anthem Kaba Ma Kyei Capital Naypyidaw Largest city Yangon Official languages Burmese Demonym Burmese Government Military junta  -  Chairman of the State Peace and Development Council Than Shwe  -  Prime Minister Soe Win  -  Acting Prime Minister Thein Sein Establishment  -  Bagan 849–1287   -  Taungoo Dynasty 1486–1752   -  Konbaung Dynasty 1752–1885   -  Colonial rule...


Military

Cambodian troops

The king is the Supreme Commander of the Royal Cambodian Armed Forces (RCAF) and the country's prime minister effectively holds the position of commander-in-chief. The introduction of a revised command structure early in 2000 was a key prelude to the reorganization of the RCAF. This saw the ministry of national defense form three subordinate general departments responsible for logistics and finance, materials and technical services, and defense services. The High Command Headquarters (HCHQ) was left unchanged, but the general staff was dismantled and the former will assume responsibility over three autonomous infantry divisions. A joint staff was also formed, responsible for inter-service co-ordination and staff management within HCHQ. The Royal Cambodian Armed Forces (RCAF) consists of the Supreme Command Headquarters (SCHQ) located in Phnom Penh, three distinct forces, the Army, Navy, Air Force and the military police. ... The Royal Cambodian Armed Forces (RCAF) consists of the Supreme Command Headquarters (SCHQ) located in Phnom Penh, three distinct forces, the Army, Navy, Air Force and the military police. ...


The ministers of National Defense is Tea Banh. Tea Banh has served as defense minister since 1979. The Secretaries of State for Defense are Chay Saing Yun and Por Bun Sreu.


Ke Kim Yan is the current commander of the RCAF. The Army Commander is Meas Sophea and the Army Chief of Staff is Chea Saran. Commander is a military rank which is also sometimes used as a military title depending on the individual customs of a given military service. ... Categories: United States-related stubs | United States Army | Joint Chiefs of Staff ...


Geography

Yak Loum lake in Ratanakiri Province
Yak Loum lake in Ratanakiri Province
Main article: Geography of Cambodia

Cambodia has an area of 181,035 square kilometres (69,898 sq mi), sharing an 800 kilometre (500 mi) border with Thailand in the north and west, a 541 kilometre (336 mi) border with Laos in the northeast, and a 1,228 kilometre (763 mi) border with Vietnam in the east and southeast. It has 443 kilometres (275 mi) of coastline along the Gulf of Thailand. Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 580 pixelsFull resolution (1395 × 1011 pixels, file size: 250 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 580 pixelsFull resolution (1395 × 1011 pixels, file size: 250 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) I, the creator of this work, hereby grant the permission to copy, distribute and/or modify this document under the terms of the GNU Free... Yak Loum is a lake and a popular tourist destination in the Ratanakiri province of Northeastern Cambodia. ... Hill tribe village Aerial view of Yak Loum Lake Ka Choung waterfall Ratanakiri is a province in Northeastern Cambodia. ... Cambodia is a country in Southeastern Asia, bordering the Gulf of Thailand, between Thailand, Vietnam, and Laos. ... The Gulf of Thailand is a gulf located in the South China Sea (Pacific Ocean), surrounded by the countries Malaysia, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam. ...

A boat on the Tonle Sap
A boat on the Tonle Sap

The most distinctive geographical feature is the lacustrine plain, formed by the inundations of the Tonle Sap (Great Lake), measuring about 2,590 square kilometres (1,000 sq mi) during the dry season and expanding to about 24,605 square kilometres (9,500 sq mi) during the rainy season. This densely populated plain, which is devoted to wet rice cultivation, is the heartland of Cambodia. Most (about 75%) of the country lies at elevations of less than 100 metres (330 ft) above sea level, the exceptions being the Cardamom Mountains (highest elevation 1,813 m / 5,948 ft) and their southeast extension the Dâmrei Mountains ("Elephant Mountains") (elevation range 500–1,000 m or 1,640–3,280 ft), as well the steep escarpment of the Dângrêk Mountains (average elevation 500 m / 1,640 ft) along the border with Thailand's Isan region. The highest elevation of Cambodia is Phnom Aoral, near Pursat in the centre of the country, at 1,813 metres (5,948 ft). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 113 KB) An old man rows a boat on the Tonle Sap Lake in Cambodia. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (1024x768, 113 KB) An old man rows a boat on the Tonle Sap Lake in Cambodia. ... A Lacustrine plain is a plain that originally formed in a lacustrine environment, that is, as the bed of a lake, but from which the water has disappeared, either by natural drainage, evaporation or other geophysical processes. ... NASA satellite image of the Tonle Sap (the Great Lake) The Tonlé Sap (meaning Large Fresh Water River but more commonly translated as Great Lake) is a combined lake and river system of huge importance to Cambodia. ... The Krâvanh Mountains, or literally Cardamom Mountains (Khmer regular script: , Chuor Phnom Krâvanh; Thai: เขาบรรทัด, Khao Banthat), is a mountain range in the south-west area of Cambodia, near the border with Thailand. ... The Dâmrei Mountains (Khmer regular script: ), literally the Elephant Mountains, are situated in the southwest of Cambodia. ... The Dângrêk Mountains (Khmer regular script: , Chuor Phnom Dângrêk; Thai: ทิวเขาพนมดงรัก, Thiu Khao Phanom Dongrak), meaning Carrying-Pole Mountains in Khmer, is a low mountain range (average elevation 500 m) serving as the border between Cambodia and Thailand. ... For other uses, see Isan (disambiguation). ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Pursat is a province in the west of Cambodia. ...


Climate

Climate chart for Phnom Penh
J F M A M J J A S O N D
 
 
7
 
31
21
 
 
10
 
32
22
 
 
40
 
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224
 
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257
 
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127
 
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45
 
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22
temperatures in °Cprecipitation totals in mm
source: BBC Weather

Cambodia's temperatures range from 10° to 38 °C (50° to 100 °F) and experiences tropical monsoons. Southwest monsoons blow inland bringing moisture-laden winds from the Gulf of Thailand and Indian Ocean from May to October. The northeast monsoon ushers in the dry season, which lasts from November to March. The country experiences the heaviest precipitation from September to October with the driest period occurring from January to February. For other uses, see Monsoon (disambiguation). ... The Gulf of Thailand is a gulf located in the South China Sea (Pacific Ocean), surrounded by the countries Malaysia, Thailand, Cambodia and Vietnam. ...


It has two distinct seasons. The rainy season, which runs from May to October, can see temperatures drop to 22 °C and is generally accompanied with high humidity. The dry season lasts from November to April when temperatures can raise up to 40 °C around April. The best months to visit Cambodia are November to January when temperatures and humidity are lower.

Monsoon season in Kampong Speu Province
Monsoon season in Kampong Speu Province
Serendipity Bay, Sihanoukville
Serendipity Bay, Sihanoukville
Main article: Law enforcement in Cambodia

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 722 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 850 pixels, file size: 722 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 722 × 599 pixelsFull resolution (1024 × 850 pixels, file size: 722 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Kampong Speu is a province of Cambodia. ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 490 pixel Image in higher resolution (805 × 493 pixel, file size: 58 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Sihanoukville ... Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 490 pixel Image in higher resolution (805 × 493 pixel, file size: 58 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Sihanoukville ... Sihanoukville, also known as Kampong Som, or Kampong Saom, is a port city in southern Cambodia on the Gulf of Thailand. ... POLICE TOTAL STRENGTH 64,000 Organization The police are organized into six departments: security; transport; public order; border; administrative; and judicial. ...

City and province sizes

No. City or province Area
km²
sq mi
1 City of Phnom Penh 290 112
2 Kandal Province 3,568 1,378
3 Takeo Province 3,563 1,376
4 Kampong Cham Province 9,799 3,783
5 Kampong Thom 13,814 5,334
6 Siem Reap Province 10,299 3,976
7 Preah Vihear Province 13,788 5,324
8 Oddar Meancheay Province 6,158 2,378
9 Banteay Meanchey Province 6,679 2,579
10 Battambang Province 11,072 4,275
11 City of Pailin 803 310
12 Pursat Province 12,692 4,900
13 Kampong Chhnang Province 5,521 2,132
14 Kampong Speu Province 7,017 2,709
15 Koh Kong Province 11,160 4,309
16 City of Sihanoukville 868 335
17 Kampot Province 4,873.2 1,881.6
18 City of Kep 335.8 129.7
19 Prey Veng Province 4,883 1,885
20 Svay Rieng Province 2,966 1,145
21 Kratie Province 11,094 4,283
22 Stung Treng Province 11,092 4,283
23 Ratanakiri Province 10,782 4,163
24 Mondulkiri Province 14,288 5,517
25 Tonle Sap lake 3,000 1,158
TOTAL AREA 181,035 69,898

Square kilometre (U.S. spelling: square kilometer), symbol km², is a decimal multiple of SI unit of surface area square metre, one of the SI derived units. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Nickname: Location of Phnom Penh, Cambodia Coordinates: , Country Province Settled 1372 Became Capital 1865 Government  - Type Municipality  - Mayor & Governor H.E. Keb Chutema (Khmer: )  - Vice Governors H.E. Than Sina, H.E. Map Sarin, H.E. Seng Tong Area  - Total 376 km² (145. ... Kandal is a province of Cambodia. ... Takéo is a province of Cambodia. ... Kampong Cham is a province in the east of Cambodia. ... Categories: Southeast Asia geography stubs | Provinces of Cambodia ... Siem Reap, is a province located in northwestern Cambodia, on the shores of the Tonle Sap lake. ... Preah Vihear is a northern province of Cambodia. ... Oddar Meanchey is a province of Cambodia. ... Banteay Meanchey is a Cambodian province. ... Battambang (also Batdambang) is a province of Cambodia. ... Pailin is a city (krong) in the west of of Cambodia near the border of Thailand. ... Pursat is a province in the west of Cambodia. ... Kampong Chhnang is a central province of Cambodia. ... Kampong Speu is a province of Cambodia. ... Koh Kong (Khétt Kaôh Kŏng, Khêt Kaôh Kŏng before 1996) is a province of Cambodia. ... Sihanoukville, also known as Kampong Som, or Kampong Saom, is a port city in southern Cambodia on the Gulf of Thailand. ... Kampot is a southern province of Cambodia. ... This article is abut the greek political party. ... Prey Veng is a province of Cambodia. ... Svay Rieng is a province in the southeast of Cambodia. ... Sunset in Kratie Province Rice cropping plays an important role in the provincial economy Kratié is a province of Cambodia. ... Stung Treng is a northern province of Cambodia. ... Hill tribe village Aerial view of Yak Loum Lake Ka Choung waterfall Ratanakiri is a province in Northeastern Cambodia. ... Mondulkiri is an eastern province of Cambodia. ... NASA satellite image of the Tonle Sap (the Great Lake) The Tonlé Sap (meaning Large Fresh Water River but more commonly translated as Great Lake) is a combined lake and river system of huge importance to Cambodia. ...

Foreign relations

Cambodia is a member of the United Nations and its specialized agencies such as the World Bank and International Monetary Fund. It is an Asian Development Bank (ADB) member, a member of ASEAN, and joined the WTO on 13 October 2004. In 2005 Cambodia attended the inaugural East Asia Summit. The RCG has established diplomatic relations with most countries, including the United States. ... The World Bank logo The World Bank (the Bank) is a part of the World Bank Group (WBG), is a bank that makes loans to developing countries for development programs with the stated goal of reducing poverty. ... IMF redirects here. ... The Asian Development Bank (ADB) is a regional development bank established in 1966 to promote economic and social development in Asian and Pacific countries through loans and technical assistance. ... ASEAN[1], pronounced // (AH-SEE-AHN) in English, or the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, is a geo-political and economic organization of 10 countries located in Southeast Asia, which was formed on August 8, 1967 by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand[2] as a display of solidarity... For other uses of the initials WTO, see WTO (disambiguation). ... is the 286th day of the year (287th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The East Asia Summit (EAS) is a pan-Asia forum held annually by the leaders of 16 countries in East Asia and the region, with ASEAN in a leadership position. ...


Cambodia has established diplomatic relations with numerous countries; the government reports twenty embassies in the country[25] including many of its Asian neighbours and those of important players during the Paris peace negotiations, including the US, Australia, Canada, China, the European Union (EU), Japan, and Russia.[26] This page is about negotiations; for the board game, see Diplomacy (game). ...


While the violent ruptures of the 1970s and 80s have passed, several border disputes between Cambodia and its neighbours persist. There are disagreements over some offshore islands and sections of the boundary with Vietnam, and undefined maritime boundaries and border areas with Thailand. A territorial dispute is a disagreement over the possession/control of land between two or more states, or over the possession/control of land by one state after it has conquered it from a former state no longer currently recognized by the occupying power. ...


In January 2003, there were riots in Phnom Penh prompted by rumored comments about Angkor Wat by a Thai actress wrongly attributed by Reaksmei Angkor, a Cambodian newspaper, and later quoted by Prime Minister Hun Sen.[27] The Thai government sent military aircraft to evacuate Thai nationals and closed its border with Cambodia to Thais and Cambodians (at no time was the border ever closed to foreigners or Western tourists) while Thais demonstrated outside the Cambodian embassy in Bangkok. The border was re-opened on March 21, after the Cambodian government paid $6 million USD in compensation for the destruction of the Thai embassy and agreed to compensate individual Thai businesses for their losses. The fluid historical relationship between Thailand and Cambodia has prompted some Thai nationalists to claim that Angkor belongs to Thailand. ... The main entrance to the temple proper, seen from the eastern end of the Naga causeway Angkor Wat (or Angkor Vat) (Khmer: អង្គរវត្ត), a World Heritage Site, is a temple at Angkor, Cambodia, built for King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century as his state temple and capital city. ... Sâmdech (Lord) Hun Sen, (born April 4, 1951) is the Prime Minister of Cambodia and is married to Bun Rany. ... Location within in Thailand Coordinates: , Country Settled Ayutthaya Period Founded as capital 21 April 1782 Government  - Type Special administrative area  - Governor Apirak Kosayothin Area  - City 1,568. ... is the 80th day of the year (81st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ...


Wildlife of Cambodia

Main article: Wildlife of Cambodia
See also: Deforestation in Cambodia

Cambodia has a wide variety of plants and animals, and may even be home to the Kting Voar, a mysterious snake-eating cow whose existence has not been verified but is believed to exist. There are 212 mammal species, 536 bird species, 240 reptile species, 850 freshwater fish species (Tonle Sap Lake area), and 435 marine fish species. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1250x1020, 440 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Houston Zoo Indochinese Tiger User:Cburnett/GFDL images Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1250x1020, 440 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Houston Zoo Indochinese Tiger User:Cburnett/GFDL images Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the... Trinomial name Panthera tigris corbetti Mazák, 1968 Distribution map The Indochinese tiger or Corbetts tiger (Panthera tigris corbetti) is a subspecies of tiger found in Cambodia, China, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Thailand, and Vietnam. ... Agile Gibbon Tiger Cambodia is home to a diverse array of wildlife. ... The effects of deforestation and subsequent flooding can be seen from Outer Space Cambodia has one of the highest deforestation rates in the world. ... Binomial name Peter and Feiler, 1994 The Kting Voar, also known as the Khting Vor, Linh Duong, or Snake-eating Cow (Pseudonovibos spiralis) is a bovid mammal reputed to exist in Cambodia and Vietnam. ... Subclasses & Infraclasses Subclass †Allotheria* Subclass Prototheria Subclass Theria Infraclass †Trituberculata Infraclass Metatheria Infraclass Eutheria Mammals (class Mammalia) are warm-blooded, vertebrate animals characterized by the presence of sweat glands, including milk producing sweat glands, and by the presence of: hair, three middle ear bones used in hearing, and a neocortex... For other uses, see Bird (disambiguation). ... Reptilia redirects here. ... For other uses, see Fish (disambiguation). ...


The country has one of the highest deforestation rates in the world. Since 1970, Cambodia's primary rainforest cover fell dramatically from over 70 percent in 1970 to just 3.1 percent in 2007. In total, Cambodia lost 25,000 square kilometres (9,700 sq mi) of forest between 1990 and 2005— 3,340 km² (1,290 sq mi) of which was primary forest. As of 2007, less than 3,220 km² (1,243 sq mi) of primary forest remain with the result that the future sustainability of the forest reserves of Cambodia is under severe threat, with illegal loggers looking to generate revenue.[28] This article is about the process of deforestation in the environment. ... The Earth Day flag includes a NASA photo. ...


Economy

Main article: Economy of Cambodia
Rice cropping plays an important role in the economy
Rice cropping plays an important role in the economy

Final economic indicators for 2007 are not yet available. 2006 GDP was $7.265 billion (per capita GDP $513), with annual growth of 10.8%. Estimates for 2007 are for a GDP of $8.251 billion (per capita $571) and annual growth of 8.5%). Inflation for 2006 was 2.6%, and the current estimate for final 2007 inflation is 6.2%.[29] To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require rewriting and/or reformatting. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x769, 185 KB) Description: A worker is removing the rice seedlings. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1200x769, 185 KB) Description: A worker is removing the rice seedlings. ...


Despite recent progress, the Cambodian economy continues to suffer from the effects of decades of civil war, internal strife and rampant corruption. The per capita income is rapidly increasing, but is low compared with other countries in the region. Most rural households depend on agriculture and its related sub-sectors. Rice, fish, timber, garments and rubber are Cambodia's major exports, and the United States, Singapore, Japan, Thailand, China, Indonesia and Malaysia are its major export partners.[18] This article is about the definition of the specific type of war. ... The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ...


War and brutal totalitarianism in the 1970s created famine in Cambodia. Desperate farm families consumed their rice seeds and many traditional varieties became difficult to find. In the 1980s the International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) reintroduced more than 750 traditional rice varieties to Cambodia from its rice seed bank in the Philippines (Jahn 2006,2007). These varieties had been collected in the 1960s. In 1987, the Australian government funded IRRI to assist Cambodia to improve its rice production. By 2000, Cambodia was once again self-sufficient in rice (Puckridge 2004, Fredenburg and Hill 1978). The International Rice Research Institute (IRRI) is an international NGO. Its headquarters are in Los Baños, Laguna, Philippines, and it has offices in ten countries. ...

Angkor Wat, the biggest tourist draw of Cambodia
Angkor Wat, the biggest tourist draw of Cambodia

The recovery of Cambodia's economy slowed dramatically in 1997–98, due to the regional economic crisis, civil violence, and political infighting. Foreign investment and tourism also fell off drastically. Since then however, growth has been steady. In 1999, the first full year of peace in 30 years, progress was made on economic reforms and growth resumed at 5.0%. Despite severe flooding, GDP grew at 5.0% in 2000, 6.3% in 2001, and 5.2% in 2002. Tourism was Cambodia's fastest growing industry, with arrivals increasing from 219,000 in 1997 to 1,055,000 in 2004. During 2003 and 2004 the growth rate remained steady at 5.0%, while in 2004 inflation was at 1.7% and exports at $1.6 billion US dollars. As of 2005, GDP per capita in PPP terms was $2,200, which ranked 178th (out of 233) countries.[30] Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 309 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Angkor Angkor Wat Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2272x1704, 309 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Angkor Angkor Wat Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used... The main entrance to the temple proper, seen from the eastern end of the Naga causeway Angkor Wat (or Angkor Vat) (Khmer: អង្គរវត្ត), a World Heritage Site, is a temple at Angkor, Cambodia, built for King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century as his state temple and capital city. ... The Asian financial crisis was a financial crisis that started in July 1997 in Thailand and affected currencies, stock markets, and other asset prices in several Asian countries, many considered East Asian Tigers. ... This article is about economics. ... World GDP/capita changed very little for most of human history before the industrial revolution. ... USD redirects here. ...


The older population often lacks education , particularly in the countryside, which suffers from a lack of basic infrastructure. Fear of renewed political instability and corruption within the government discourage foreign investment and delay foreign aid, although there has been significant assistance from bilateral and multilateral donors. Donors pledged $504 m to the country in 2004,[31] while the Asian Development Bank alone has provided $850m in loans, grants, and technical assistance.[32]


The tourism industry is the country's second-greatest source of hard currency after the textile industry.[18] 50% of visitor arrivals are to Angkor, and most of the remainder to Phnom Penh.[33] Other tourist destinations include Sihanoukville in the southeast which has several popular beaches, and the nearby area around Kampot including the Bokor Hill Station. It has been suggested that Soft currency be merged into this article or section. ... Map of the Angkor region in Cambodia. ... Nickname: Location of Phnom Penh, Cambodia Coordinates: , Country Province Settled 1372 Became Capital 1865 Government  - Type Municipality  - Mayor & Governor H.E. Keb Chutema (Khmer: )  - Vice Governors H.E. Than Sina, H.E. Map Sarin, H.E. Seng Tong Area  - Total 376 km² (145. ... Sihanoukville, also known as Kampong Som, or Kampong Saom, is a port city in southern Cambodia on the Gulf of Thailand. ... Bokor Palace Hotel, 2007 Bokor Hill Station is an abandoned French town built in 1922 high upon Bokor Hill, just outside the town of Kampot, southern Cambodia. ...


Demographics

More than 90% of its population is of Khmer origin and speaks the Khmer language, the country's official language. The remainder include Chinese, Vietnamese, Cham, Khmer Loeu and Indians. Number of inhabitants between 1961 and 2001 in thousands. ... The Khmer people are the predominant ethnic group in Cambodia, accounting for approximately 90% of the 13. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... This article is about the Cham people of Asia. ... This article needs to be wikified. ...


The Khmer language is a member of the Mon-Khmer subfamily of the Austroasiatic language group. French, once the lingua franca of Indochina and still spoken by some, mostly older Cambodians as a second language, remains the language of instruction in various schools and universities that are often funded by the government of France. Cambodian French, a remnant of the country's colonial past, is a dialect found in Cambodia and is frequently used in government. However, in recent decades, many younger Cambodians and those in the business-class have favoured learning English. In the major cities and tourist centers, English is widely spoken and taught at a large number of schools due to the overwhelming number of tourists from English-speaking countries. Even in the most rural outposts, however, most young people speak at least some English, as it is often taught by monks at the local pagodas where many children are educated. The Mon-Khmer languages are the autochthonous languages of Indo-China. ... The Austroasiatic languages are a large language family of Southeast Asia and India. ... Lingua franca, literally Frankish language in Italian, was originally a mixed language consisting largely of Italian plus a vocabulary drawn from Turkish, Persian, French, Greek and Arabic and used for communication throughout the Middle East. ... Indochina 1886 Indochina, or the Indochinese Peninsula, is a region in Southeast Asia. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ...

Local women at a market in Battambang
Local women at a market in Battambang
Cambodia religiosity
religion percent
Buddhism
 
95%
Islam
 
3%
Christianity
 
2%


The dominant religion, a form of Theravada Buddhism (95%), was suppressed by the Khmer Rouge but has since experienced a revival. Islam (3%) and Christianity (2%) are also practiced.[34] Battambang is Cambodias second-largest city (urban area population is nearly 1,000,000. ... Theravada (Pali; Sanskrit: Sthaviravada) is one of the eighteen (or twenty) Nikāya schools that formed early in the history of Buddhism. ... For people named Islam, see Islam (name). ... Topics in Christianity Movements · Denominations · Other religions Ecumenism · Preaching · Prayer Music · Liturgy · Calendar Symbols · Art · Criticism Important figures Apostle Paul · Church Fathers Constantine · Athanasius · Augustine Anselm · Aquinas · Palamas · Luther Calvin · Wesley Arius · Marcion of Sinope Archbishop of Canterbury · Catholic Pope Coptic Pope · Ecumenical Patriarch Christianity Portal This box:      Christianity is...


Civil war and its aftermath have had a marked effect on the Cambodian population. The median age is 20.6 years, with more than 50% of the population younger than 25. At 0.95 males/female, Cambodia has the most female-biased sex ratio in the Greater Mekong Subregion [3]. In the Cambodian population over 65, the female to male ratio is 1.6:1.[31] UNICEF has designated Cambodia the third most mined country in the world,[35] attributing over 60,000 civilian deaths and thousands more maimed or injured since 1970 to the unexploded land mines left behind in rural areas.[36] The majority of the victims are children herding animals or playing in the fields.[35] Adults that survive landmines often require amputation of one or more limbs and have to resort to begging for survival.[36] In 2006, the number of landmines casualties in Cambodia took a sharp decrease of more than 50% compared to 2005, with the number of landmines victims down from 800 in 2005 to less than 400 in 2006. The reduced casualty rate continued in 2007, with 208 casualties (38 killed and 170 injured).[37]" UNICEF Logo The United Nations Childrens Fund or UNICEF (Arabic: ; French: ; Spanish: ) was established by the United Nations General Assembly on December 11, 1946. ... U.S. Army soldier removes fuse from a Russian-made mine to clear a minefield outside of Fallujah, Iraq. ...


Culture and society

Robam Tep Apsara, a Classical Khmer Dance originally performed only in the royal courts of Angkor Wat.
Main articles: Culture of Cambodia and Sport in Cambodia

Khmer culture, as developed and spread by the Khmer empire, has distinctive styles of dance, architecture and sculpture, which have strongly influenced neighbouring Laos and Thailand. Angkor Wat (Angkor means "city" and Wat "temple") is the best preserved example of Khmer architecture from the Angkorian era and hundreds of other temples have been discovered in and around the region. The Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum, the infamous prison of the Khmer Rouge, and Choeung Ek, one of the main Killing Fields are other important historic sites. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Princess Bopha Devi performing Robam Tep Apsara Robam Tep Apsara Robam Tep Apsara (របាំទេបអប្សរា) is one of the most famous of Khmer dances performed in Cambodia. ... Dancers from the court of King Sisowath at Angkor Wat in the early 20th century. ... The main entrance to the temple proper, seen from the eastern end of the Naga causeway Angkor Wat (or Angkor Vat) (Khmer: អង្គរវត្ត), a World Heritage Site, is a temple at Angkor, Cambodia, built for King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century as his state temple and capital city. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Young Cambodian boys playing football Cambodia has increasingly become involved in sports over the last 30 years. ... Map of Asia and Europe c. ... The main entrance to the temple proper, seen from the eastern end of the Naga causeway Angkor Wat (or Angkor Vat) (Khmer: អង្គរវត្ត), a World Heritage Site, is a temple at Angkor, Cambodia, built for King Suryavarman II in the early 12th century as his state temple and capital city. ... The exterior of the Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum, Phnom Penh The Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum is a museum in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. ... Choeung Ek, the site of a former orchard and Chinese graveyard about 17km south of Phnom Penh, Cambodia, is the best-known of the sites known as The Killing Fields, where the Khmer Rouge regime executed about 17,000 people between 1975 and 1979. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ...


Bonn Om Teuk (Festival of Boat Racing), the annual boat rowing contest, is the most attended Cambodian national festival. Held at the end of the rainy season when the Mekong river begins to sink back to its normal levels allowing the Tonle Sap River to reverse flow, approximately 10% of Cambodia's population attends this event each year to play games, give thanks to the moon, watch fireworks, and attend the boat race in a carnival-type atmosphere.[38] Popular games include cockfighting, soccer, and kicking a sey, which is similar to a footbag. Recent artistic figures include singers Sinn Sisamouth and Ros Sereysothea (and later Meng Keo Pichenda), who introduced new musical styles to the country. Bon Om Thook, the Khmer Water Festival, is a Cambodian festival celebrated in November. ... The Cock Fight by Jean-Léon Gérôme (1847) Training for a cockfight in Hell-Bourg, Réunion A cockfight is a blood sport between two specially trained roosters held in a ring called a cockpit. ... Soccer redirects here. ... A typical freestyle footbag. ... Sinn Sisamouth (ស៊ិន ស៊ីសាមុត)(1935–c. ... Ros Sereysothea was a Cambodian singer and songwriter who was popular in the 1960s and early 70s in Phnom Penh. ... Meng Keo Pichenda is a popular singer in Cambodia. ...


Rice, as in other Southeast Asian countries, is the staple grain, while fish from the Mekong and Tonle Sap also form an important part of the diet. The Cambodian per capita supply of fish and fish products for food and trade in 2000 was 20 kilograms of fish per year or 2 ounces per day per person.[39] Some of the fish can be made into prahok for longer storage. Overall, the cuisine of Cambodia is similar to that of its Southeast Asian neighbours. The cuisine is relatively unknown to the world compared to that of its neighbours Thailand and Vietnam. Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Kg redirects here. ... The avoirdupois (IPA: ; French IPA: ) system is a system of weights (or, properly, mass) based on a pound of sixteen ounces. ... Prahok is a type of type fermented fish paste (usually of mud fish) that can be used in Cambodian cuisine as a seasoning or a condiment (usually the later). ... This article or section uses Khmer characters which may be rendered as boxes or other nonsensical symbols. ...


Football (soccer) is one of the more popular sports, although professional organized sports are not as prevalent in Cambodia as in western countries due to the economic conditions. The Cambodia national football team managed fourth in the 1972 Asian Cup but development has slowed since the civil war. Western sports such as volleyball, bodybuilding, field hockey, rugby union, and baseball are gaining popularity while traditional boat racing maintains its appeal as a national sport. Martial arts are also practiced in Cambodia which include the native art of Pradal Serey and Bokator. Soccer redirects here. ... First international  Khmer Republic 2 - 3 Malaya (Cambodia; March 17, 1956) Biggest win  Khmer Republic 11 - 0 North Yemen (Cambodia; Date Unknown, 1966) Biggest defeat Indonesia 10 - 0 Cambodia (Thailand; September 6, 1995) AFC Asian Cup Appearances 1 (First in 1972) Best result Fourth place, 1972 The Cambodia national football... The Asian Football Confederations Asian Cup 1972 finals were held in Thailand between May 7 and May 19. ... For other uses, see Rugby (disambiguation). ... Pradal Serey (; English: Khmer Boxing) is the name of the centuries old kickboxing martial arts of Cambodia. ... Angkorian warriors as depicted on bas reliefs at Angkor Wat Bokator/Boxkator, or more formally, Labok Katao(which means wielding a wooden stick to fight lions) (ល្បុក្កតោ), is an ancient Khmer martial art said to be the predecessor of all Southeast Asian kickboxing styles. ...


Transport

National Highway 1
National Highway 1
Main article: Transport in Cambodia

The civil war severely damaged Cambodia's transport system, but with assistance and equipment from other countries Cambodia has been upgrading the main highways to international standards and most are vastly improved from 2006. Most main roads are now paved. Cambodia has two rail lines, totalling about 612 kilometers (380 mi) of single, one meter gauge track.[40] The lines run from the capital to Sihanoukville on the southern coast, and from Phnom Penh to Sisophon (although trains often run only as far as Battambang). Currently only one passenger train per week operates, between Phnom Penh and Battambang. Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links Metadata No higher resolution available. ... The highway at Monivong Bridge in Phnom Penh National Highway 1 or National Road No. ... War and continuing fighting severely damaged Cambodias transportation system — a system that had been inadequately developed in peacetime. ... “km” redirects here. ... “Miles” redirects here. ... The metre, or meter (symbol: m) is the SI base unit of length. ... Sihanoukville, also known as Kampong Som, or Kampong Saom, is a port city in southern Cambodia on the Gulf of Thailand. ... Sisophon is the capital of Banteay Meanchey, Cambodia. ... Battambang is Cambodias second-largest city (urban area population is nearly 1,000,000. ...


The nation's extensive inland waterways were important historically in international trade. The Mekong and the Tonle Sap River, their numerous tributaries, and the Tonle Sap provided avenues of considerable length, including 3,700 kilometers (2,300 mi) navigable all year by craft drawing 0.6 meters (2 ft) and another 282 kilometers (175 mi) navigable to craft drawing 1.8 meters (6 ft).[40] Cambodia has two major ports, Phnom Penh and Sihanoukville, and five minor ones. Phnom Penh, located at the junction of the Bassac, the Mekong, and the Tonle Sap rivers, is the only river port capable of receiving 8,000-ton ships during the wet season and 5,000-ton ships during the dry season. The Mekong is one of the world’s major rivers. ... NASA satellite image of the Tonle Sap (the Great Lake) The Tonlé Sap (meaning Large Fresh Water River but more commonly translated as Great Lake) is a combined lake and river system of huge importance to Cambodia. ... NASA satellite image of the Tonle Sap (the Great Lake) The Tonlé Sap (meaning Large Fresh Water River but more commonly translated as Great Lake) is a combined lake and river system of huge importance to Cambodia. ... Nickname: Location of Phnom Penh, Cambodia Coordinates: , Country Province Settled 1372 Became Capital 1865 Government  - Type Municipality  - Mayor & Governor H.E. Keb Chutema (Khmer: )  - Vice Governors H.E. Than Sina, H.E. Map Sarin, H.E. Seng Tong Area  - Total 376 km² (145. ... Sihanoukville, also known as Kampong Som, or Kampong Saom, is a port city in southern Cambodia on the Gulf of Thailand. ... Bassac River (commonly called Tonle Bassac) is a distributary of the Mekong River. ... The Mekong is one of the world’s major rivers. ... NASA satellite image of the Tonle Sap (the Great Lake) The Tonlé Sap (meaning Large Fresh Water River but more commonly translated as Great Lake) is a combined lake and river system of huge importance to Cambodia. ... Categories: Stub | Commercial item transport and distribution | Transportation ... Look up ton in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Look up ton in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ...


With increasing economic activity has come an increase in automobile and motorcycle use, though bicycles still predominate; as often in developing countries, an associated rise in traffic deaths and injuries is occurring.[41] Cycle rickshaws ("pʰʊt-pʰʊts") are an additional option often used by visitors. A betchak and its driver wait for a fare in Bandung, Indonesia Rickshaw in Hamburg. ...


The country has four commercial airports. Phnom Penh International Airport in Phnom Penh is the second largest in Cambodia. Siem Reap-Angkor International Airport is the largest and serves the most international flights in and out of Cambodia. The other airports are in Sihanoukville and Battambang. Phnom Penh International Airport (IATA: PNH, ICAO: VDPP) is the main airport of Cambodia and is located in the countrys capital city, Phnom Penh 7 km (4. ... Siem Reap-Angkor International Airport (IATA: REP, ICAO: VDSR) is the second largest airport in Cambodia and is located in Siem Reap, home of Angkor Wat. ... Preah Seihanu (English: Sihanoukville), formerly known as Kampong Som, is a port city in southern Cambodia on the Gulf of Thailand. ... Battambang (also Batdambang) is a province of Cambodia. ...


International rankings

Organization
Heritage Foundation Index of Economic Freedom 102 out of 157
Reporters Without Borders Worldwide Press Freedom Index 108 out of 167
Transparency International Corruption Perceptions Index 151 out of 163
United Nations Development Programme Human Development Index 131 out of 177
World Economic Forum Global Competitiveness Report 103 out of 125
Nation Master Terrorist Acts 2000-2006 Incidences (most recent) by country ,112 being the least reports of Terroriest Acts 42 out of 112

The Heritage Foundation is one of the most prominent conservative think tanks in the United States. ... Map of Economic Freedom released by the Heritage Foundation. ... Reporters Without Borders, or RWB (French: Reporters sans frontières, Spanish: Reporteros Sin Fronteras, or RSF) is a French origin international non-governmental organization that advocates freedom of the press, founded by its current general-secretary, Robert Menard. ... Reporters Without Borders, or RWB (French: Reporters sans frontières, Spanish: Reporteros Sin Fronteras, or RSF) is a French origin international non-governmental organization that advocates freedom of the press, founded by its current general-secretary, Robert Menard. ... Transparency International (TI) is an international organisation addressing corruption, including, but not limited to, political corruption. ... Overview of the index of perception of corruption, 2006 Since 1995, Transparency International has published an annual Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI)[1] ordering the countries of the world according to the degree to which corruption is perceived to exist among public officials and politicians.[2] The organization defines corruption as... The United Nations Development Programe (UNDP), the United Nations global development network, is the largest multilateral source of development assistance in the world. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... World map of the 2006-2007 Global Competitiveness Index. ...

See also

This page aims to list articles on Wikipedia that are related to Cambodia and Cambodian culture. ... This is the History of Cambodia series. ... Prehistory and early kingdoms Archaeological evidence indicates that parts of the region now called Cambodia were inhabited during the first and second millennia BCE by a Neolithic culture may have migrated from southeastern China to the Indochinese Peninsula. ... This does not cite any references or sources. ... Flag Capital Phnom Penh Language(s) French, Khmer Political structure Protectorate Puppet monarch  - 1860-1904 Norodom Historical era New Imperialism  - Protectorate established 1863  - Merged into Indochinese Union 1887  - Independence November 9, 1953 In 1863, Cambodia under king Norodom became a protectorate of France. ... Capital Phnom Penh Language(s) Khmer Government Constitutional monarchy King¹ Norodom Sihanouk Historical era Cold War  - Independence November 9, 1953  - Coup detat March 18, 1970  - South Vietnamese invasion April 29, 1970 ¹ Variously head of state and/or head of government as monarch, regent or prime minister. ... Combatants Khmer Republic, United States, Republic of Vietnam Khmer Rouge, Democratic Republic of Vietnam, National Liberation Front of South Vietnam (NLF) Strength ~250,000 FANK troops ~100,000 (60,000) Khmer Rouge Casualties ~600,000 dead, 1,000,000+ wounded[1] The Cambodian Civil War was a conflict that pitted... Flag Anthem Dap Prampi Mesa Chokchey Capital Phnom Penh Language(s) Khmer language Government Socialist republic Historical era Cold War  - Civil War 1967-1975  - Established April 17, 1975  - Fall of Phnom Pehn January 7, 1979  - Monarchy restored 1993-09-24 Currency Riel Democratic Kampuchea (French:Kampuchea démocratique, Khmer: ) was... The Peoples Republic of Kampuchea, The Vietnamese Occupation On January 10, 1979, the Vietnamese installed Heng Samrin as head of state in the new Peoples Republic of Kampuchea (PRK). ... After the fall of Democratic Kampuchea, Cambodia was under Vietnamese occupation and in a civil war during the 1980s. ... This is a timeline of Cambodian history. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... NASA satellite image of the Tonle Sap (the Great Lake) The Tonlé Sap (meaning Large Fresh Water River but more commonly translated as Great Lake) is a combined lake and river system of huge importance to Cambodia. ... According to the nations constitution (enacted in 1993), Cambodia is officially a multi-party liberal democracy under a constitutional monarch. ... Norodom Sihamoni, King of Cambodia (born 14 May 1953) the elder and only surviving son of King Norodom Sihanouk and Queen Mother Norodom Monineath Sihanouk. ... Sâmdech (Lord) Hun Sen, (born April 4, 1951) is the Prime Minister of Cambodia and is married to Bun Rany. ... Politics of Cambodia takes according to the nations constitution (enacted in 1993) formally place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic monarchy, whereby the Prime Minister of Cambodia is the head of government, and of a pluriform multi-party system. ... Politics of Cambodia Categories: Election related stubs | Elections in Cambodia ... A political party is a political organization subscribing to a certain ideology or formed around very special issues with the aim to participate in power, usually by participating in elections. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... Funcinpec is a royalist Cambodian political party. ... The Sam Rainsy Party (Pak Sam Rainsy or Kanakpak Som Raeangsee) is a personalist and more or less liberal party in Cambodia. ... Riel (Khmer: រៀល, Symbol ៛) is the national currency of Cambodia. ... ANZ Royal is one of the pioneering banks in Cambodia to introduce internet banking and provide a network of off-site Automated Teller Machines (ATM). ... Canadia Bank (Not to be confused with the country, Canada) is the largest local bank in Cambodia. ... Number of inhabitants between 1961 and 2001 in thousands. ... Note: This page or section contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ... Cambodia is a multi-ethnic country with over twenty distinct groups. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The period of Angkor is the period from approximately the latter half of the 8th century A.D. to the first half of the 15th century. ... Market woman wearing a Krama Kampong Thom Most Cambodians dress casually except when they are attending formal events. ... This article or section uses Khmer characters which may be rendered as boxes or other nonsensical symbols. ... Reamker dancers from the court of King Sisowath at Angkor Wat in the early 20th century. ... This is a list of holidays observed in Cambodia. ... Music of Cambodia is classified into two forms, modern Cambodian culture is derived from the ancient Khmer Empire of the 8th to the 15th century. ... This is an article about Communications in Cambodia. ... The Human Rights situation in Cambodia is facing growing criticisms both within the country and an increasingly alarmed international community. ... Military branches: Royal Cambodian Armed Forces (RCAF), including Army, Navy, Air Force and Fighting Midget Group - created in 1993 by the merger of the Cambodian Peoples Armed Forces and the two noncommunist resistance armies note: there are also resistance forces comprised of the Khmer Rouge (also known as the... Membership badge of the Scout Organization of Cambodia Membership badge of Cambodian Scouts Cambodia is one of 35 countries where Scouting exists (be it embryonic or widespread) but where there is no National Scout Organization which is yet a member of the World Organization of the Scout Movement, and no... War and continuing fighting severely damaged Cambodias transportation system—a system that had been inadequately developed in peacetime. ... The effects of deforestation and subsequent flooding can be seen from Outer Space Cambodia has one of the highest deforestation rates in the world. ...

References

  1. ^ People's Daily Online - Tourist arrivals in Cambodia up 20 percent in 2006
  2. ^ [1][dead link]
  3. ^ Casey, Robert. Four Faces of Siva. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Company, 1934, p 88-100.
  4. ^ Country-Studies.com. Country Studies Handbook; information taken from US Dept of the Army. Accessed July 25, 2006.
  5. ^ Britannica.com. History of Cambodia. Accessed July 25, 2006.
  6. ^ Chandler, David P. "The Land and the People of Cambodia". 1991. HarperCollins. New York, NY. p 77
  7. ^ Chandler, D.P. (1993). A history of Cambodia (2nd ed.). Boulder, CO: Westview Press. 
  8. ^ Sihanouk, Norodom (1973). My War with the CIA, The Memoirs of Prince Norodom Sihanouk as related to Wilfred Burchett. Pantheon Books. 
  9. ^ Shawcross, Williams (1988). Sideshow: Kissinger, Nixon and the destruction of Cambodia. United States: Touchstone. 
  10. ^ Ibid., p. 298.
  11. ^ Pacific Affairs, vol. 56, no. 2, Summer 1983, p. 295.
  12. ^ Etcheson, Craig, The Rise and Demise of Democratic Kampuchea, Westview Press, 1984, p. 97
  13. ^ Shawcross, William, Sideshow: Kissinger, Nixon and the Destruction of Cambodia, Touchstone, 1987, pp374-375
  14. ^ Ibid.
  15. ^ Shawcross, William, The Quality of Mercy: Cambodia, Holocaust and Modern Conscience, Touchstone, 1985, pp. 115-116.
  16. ^ Vickery, Michael, Correspondence, Bulletin of Concerned Asian Scholars, vol. 20, no. 1, January-March 1988, p. 73.
  17. ^ CambodianGenocide.org.A Brief History of the Cambodian Genocide. Accessed July 25, 2006.
  18. ^ a b c US Department of State. Country Profile of Cambodia. Accessed July 26, 2006.
  19. ^ UN OHCHR Cambodia [2]PDF (10.3 KiB)
  20. ^ http://www.transparency.org/policy_research/surveys_indices/cpi/2006
  21. ^ http://www.transparency.org/policy_research/surveys_indices/cpi/2007
  22. ^ BBC Asia-Pacific News (September 19, 2005). Corruption dents Cambodia democracy of you moms' face. Accessed July 24, 2006.
  23. ^ Reuters AlertNet (May 29, 2006). World Bank threatens $64 mln Cambodia aid freeze. Accessed July 24, 2006.
  24. ^ BBC News (29 May 2006). 'Corruption' curbs Cambodia cash. Accessed July 24, 2006.
  25. ^ Royal Government of Cambodia.Foreign Embassies.
  26. ^ Catharin E. Dalpino and David G. Timberman. "Cambodia's Political Future: Issues for U.S. Policy," Asia Society, March 26, 1998.
  27. ^ Bureau of East Asian and Pacific Affairs of the US Department of State.Report to the Congress on the Anti-Thai Riots in Cambodia on January 29, 2003.
  28. ^ Planet Ark : Logging threatens Cambodian tragedy - UN
  29. ^ Economic Institute of Cambodia.
  30. ^ CIA Factbook. GDP per Capita rankings. Accessed July 24, 2006.
  31. ^ a b CIA FactBook. Accessed September 9, 2006.
  32. ^ A Fact Sheet: Cambodia and ADB, Asian Development Bank. Accessed September 9, 2006.
  33. ^ Royal Government of Cambodia.Tourist statistics. Accessed July 24, 2006.
  34. ^ Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labour of the US Department of State. International Religious Freedom Report 2005. Accessed July 24, 2006.
  35. ^ a b UNICEF. "The Legacy of Landmines". Accessed July 25, 2006.
  36. ^ a b PBS.org (July 25, 2003). Cambodia Land Mines. Accessed July 24, 2006.
  37. ^ Cambodia, Landmine Monitor Report 2007
  38. ^ Government of Cambodia Webpage, Bonn Om Touk, the Water and Moon Festivals; accessed July 24, 2006
  39. ^ Earthtrends.org Cambodia Country ProfilePDF
  40. ^ a b CountryData.com
  41. ^ "Picking Up Speed: As Cambodia's Traffic Levels Increase, So Too Does the Road Death Toll," The Cambodia Daily, Saturday, March 9–10, 2002."
  • Business in Asia report on airports. Accessed 13 November 2005
  • Cambodian Culture website Accessed December 11, 2004
  • Cambodian Economy Information Accessed January 19, 2005
  • CIA World Factbook U.S. Department of State website
  • Encyclopaedia Britannica's Cambodia Country Page
  • Fredenburg, P. and B. Hill. 2006. Sharing Rice for Peace and Prosperity in the Greater Mekong Subregion. Sid Harta Publishers, Victoria. ISBN 1-921206-08-X. pp271
  • IFES Summary of 2003 legislative election results. Accessed January 27, 2005
  • Jahn GC. 2006. The Dream is not yet over. In: P. Fredenburg P, Hill B, editors. Sharing rice for peace and prosperity in the Greater Mekong Subregion. Victoria, (Australia): Sid Harta Publishers. ISBN 1-921206-08-X. p 237–240
  • Jahn, GC 2007. Rice and life along the Mekong River. Rice Today 6(2):4.
  • Kerlogue, Fiona Arts of Southeast Asia. Thames and Hudson 2004. ISBN 0-500-20381-4
  • Ministry of Tourism statistics on tourism. Accessed January 27, 2005
  • NGO Forum on Cambodia report on 2003 legislative elections. Accessed January 27, 2005
  • Puckridge, D. 2004. The Burning of the Rice. Sid Harta Publishers, Victoria. ISBN 1-877059-73-0. pp326
  • Radio Broadcasting in Cambodia Accessed January 23, 2005

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Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 149th day of the year (150th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... March 26 is the 85th day of the year (86th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1998 (MCMXCVIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display full 1998 Gregorian calendar). ... is the 29th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 252nd day of the year (253rd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 206th day of the year (207th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2003 (MMIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 205th day of the year (206th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... “PDF” redirects here. ... is the 68th day of the year (69th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 317th day of the year (318th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 345th day of the year (346th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 19th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... World Factbook 2004 cover The World Factbook is an annual publication by the Central Intelligence Agency of the United States with basic almanac-style information about the various countries of the world. ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 27th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 23rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Cambodia Portal 
Find more about Cambodia on Wikipedia's sister projects:
Dictionary definitions
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Official
  • King of Cambodia, Norodom Sihanouk Official Website of former King Norodom Sihanouk
  • Cambodia.gov.kh Official Royal Government of Cambodia Website (English Version)
  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation
  • Cambodia e-Visa, Applying Travel Visa Online
Overviews
  • Cambodia entry at The World Factbook
  • Congressional Research Service (CRS) Reports regarding Cambodia
  • V.R.Khmer - What you should know before you go to Cambodia.
  • Sharing Growth: Equity and Development in Cambodia - a report by the World Bank, launched on June 12, 2007 at the Cambodia Development Cooperation Forum (CDCF)
  • Cambodia Country Factsheet from The Common Language Project
  • Overview Article on Cambodia's Contemporary Political Economy: "The Neoliberal 'Order' in Cambodia: Political Violence, Democracy, and the Contestation of Public Space" by Simon Springer, PhD Candidate, Department of Geography, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
Other
Geographic locale
International membership and relationships

The Austronesian languages are a language family widely dispersed throughout the islands of Southeast Asia and the Pacific, with a few members spoken on continental Asia. ... Below is a list of countries that are home to Austronesian languages along with the most notable languages in each country. ... The Formosan languages are a group of Austronesian languages spoken 2% of the population of Taiwan, almost exclusively aboriginals. ... The Malayo-Polynesian languages are a subgroup of the Austronesian languages used by some 351 million speakers. ... Rapa Nui redirects here. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article is about the U.S. State. ... Anthem Patriots of Micronesia Capital Palikir Largest city Weno Official languages English (national), Ulithian, Woleaian, Yapese, Pohnpeian, Kosraean, and Chuukese (at state or local level) Government Constitutional government1  -  President Joseph J. Urusemal Independence from US-administered UN Trusteeship   -  Date 3 November 1986  Area  -  Total 702 km² (188th) 271 sq mi... Old photo of the people of Orchid Island, near Taiwan published in a Japanese colonial government publication, ca. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... For the documentary series, see Monarchy (TV series). ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      Absolute monarchy is a monarchical form of government where the monarch has the power to rule his or her land or country and its citizens freely, with no laws or legally-organized direct opposition in force. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Forms of government Part of the Politics series Politics Portal This box:      A constitutional monarchy or limited monarchy is a form of government established under a constitutional system which acknowledges an elected or hereditary monarch as head of state, as opposed to an absolute monarchy, where the monarch is not... [--168. ... An elective monarchy is a monarchy ruled by a monarch who is elected by a group. ... For the documentary series, see Monarchy (TV series). ... Alo, also known unofficially as Tu`a, is one of the three official chiefdoms of the French territory of Wallis and Futuna, which encompasses the eastern two thirds (53 km² out of 83 km²) of Futuna Island, and mostly uninhabited Alofi Island (32 km², pop. ... Ankole, originally known as Nkore, is one of the four traditional kingdoms of Uganda. ... For other uses, see Ashanti (disambiguation). ... The flag of Buganda Buganda is the kingdom of the 52 clans of the Baganda people, the largest of the traditional kingdoms in present-day Uganda. ... Bunyoro flag The current Kingdom of Bunyoro-Kitara and its districts Bunyoro is a region of Uganda, and from the sixteenth to the nineteenth century one of the most powerful kingdoms of East Africa. ... The flag of Busoga Kingdom of Busoga and its districts Busoga is the kingdom of the 11 principalities of the Basoga people, one of the five traditional kingdoms in present-day Uganda. ... This article is about the Māori people of New Zealand. ... Sigave is one of the three official chiefdoms of the French territory of Wallis and Futuna, which is located on the western part of Futuna Island. ... This article is about historical/cultural Tibet. ... Original Kingdom of Toro and its districts Kingdom of Toro since 1993 Toro is one of the four traditional kingdoms located within the borders of Uganda. ... For the Pacific island, see Wallis Island. ... The Special Region of Yogyakarta (Indonesian: Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta, or DIY), is a province of Indonesia on the island of Java. ... Zululand was the Zulu-dominated area of what is now northern KwaZulu-Natal Province, South Africa. ... The Commonwealth Realms, shown in pink A Commonwealth Realm is any one of the sixteen sovereign states within the Commonwealth of Nations that recognise Elizabeth II as their respective monarch. ... Governor-General (or Governor General) is a term used both historically and currently to designate the appointed representative of a head of state or their government for a particular territory, historically in a colonial context, but no longer necessarily in that form. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Cambodia - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (3972 words)
Cambodia is the successor state of the once powerful Khmer Empire, which ruled most of the Indochinese Peninsula between the 11th and 14th centuries.
During the colonial period, Cambodia was a protectorate of France from 1863 to 1953.
Overall, the cuisine of Cambodia is similar to that of its Southeast Asian neighbours.
Cambodia. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Sixth Edition. 2001-05 (2480 words)
Cambodia is bordered by Laos on the north, by Vietnam on the east, by the Gulf of Thailand on the south, and by Thailand on the west and north.
Cambodia is one of the world’s poorest nations, its economy and its political life still suffering from the civil war that racked the country during the latter part of the 20th cent.
Under the constitution promulgated in 1993 and subsequently amended, Cambodia is a constitutional monarchy headed by a king; the king is chosen by the Royal Council of the Throne from the members of the royal family.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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