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Encyclopedia > Calvin Klein
Calvin Klein Inc.
Type Unknown
Founded 1968
Founder Calvin Klein
Headquarters New York CityUnited States
Parent Phillips Van Heusen
Website http://www.calvinklein.com

Calvin Klein Inc. is an American clothing company founded in 1968 by Calvin Klein. For the company of the same name, see Calvin Klein Calvin Richard Klein (born November 19, 1942) is a well-known Jewish American fashion designer. ... Image File history File links Calvin_klein_logo. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... An entrepreneur (a loanword from French introduced and first defined by the Irish economist Richard Cantillon) is a person who operates a new enterprise or venture and assumes some accountability for the inherent risks. ... New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For the band, see Big Brother and the Holding Company. ... Phillips Van Heusen is noted for dress shirts In 1881, Moses Phillips and his wife Endel began sewing shirts by hand and selling them from pushcarts to local Pottsville, Pennsylvania coal miners. ... A website (alternatively, Web site or web site) is a collection of Web pages, images, videos or other digital assets that is hosted on one or several Web server(s), usually accessible via the Internet, cell phone or a LAN. A Web page is a document, typically written in HTML... For the company of the same name, see Calvin Klein Calvin Richard Klein (born November 19, 1942) is a well-known Jewish American fashion designer. ...

Contents

History

In 1968, Klein and his childhood friend Barry Schwartz, who was to manage the business, then initially founded Calvin Klein Ltd., a coat shop in the York Hotel, in New York City with $10,000. Legend has it that a year later a buyer from Bonwit Teller got off the elevator on the wrong floor, and ended up placing a $50,000 order. It is more likely though, that Klein showed his work to Bonwit Teller staff, which led to the first Calvin Klein collection: a line of men's and women's coats featured at the New York City store. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ...


In 1969, Mr. Klein, who was later described as "the supreme master of minimalism," appeared on the cover of Vogue magazine. By 1971, sportswear, classic blazers as well as lingerie were added to his women's collection portfolio. For other meanings, see vogue. ...


In 1973 he was awarded the Coty Award for the first time, which he received for three consecutive years, for his 74-piece womenswear collection. By 1977, annual revenues had jumped to $30 million, and he had licenses for scarves, shoes, belts, furs, sunglasses, and sheets. Klein and Schwartz were making $4 million each. After the company signed licenses for cosmetics, jeans, and menswear, Klein's annual retail volume was estimated at $100 million. In 1978, Klein claimed sales of 200,000 pairs of his famous jeans the first week they were on the market. By 1981, Fortune magazine figured Klein's annual income at $8.5 million a year. In the mid-1970s, he had created a designer-jeans craze by putting his name on the back pocket. The jeans were famously advertised with a commercial featuring a 15-year-old Brooke Shields cooing in 1979/80 that "nothing comes between me and my Calvins" and "I've got seven Calvins in my closet, and if they could talk, I'd be ruined." Controversial advertising, including a series of ads featuring adolescents in sexually evocative poses, has been a recurring theme for the company. Shields advertised for Klein underwear in 1984 as well. The Coty Award is the highest praise that can be awarded in fashion and is often referred to as the Oscars of the fashion world. ... Categories: Magazines stubs | Time Warner subsidiaries | Business magazines ... Brooke Christa Camille Shields[1] (born May 31, 1965) is an American actress and supermodel. ...


In the late 1970s, the company also made attempts to set up its own fragrance and cosmetics business, but soon withdrew from the market with big financial losses. In the 1980s, as the designer-jeans frenzy reached its all-time high, Calvin Klein introduced a highly successful line of boxer shorts for women and a men’s underwear collection which would later gross $70 million in a single year. Calvin Klein’s underwear business, promoted later in the 1990s with giant billboards showing images of pop singer "Marky Mark" Mark Wahlberg, was so successful that his underpants became generally known as "Calvins." For the actor and television game show host, see Mark L. Walberg. ...


The stunning growth continued through the early eighties. The licensing program, which brought in $24,000 when it was initiated in 1974, had royalty income of $7.3 million ten years later. That year, worldwide retail sales were estimated at more than $600 million. Klein's clothes were sold through 12,000 stores in the United States and were available in six other countries. His annual income passed $12 million.


Financial problems, increased pressure from all sides, disagreements with the licensee of the menswear line and its disappointing sales as well as an enormous employee turnover both within Calvin Klein and its licensing partners led to the first rumors that Calvin Klein Industries, as the company had been known by then, was up for sale. And indeed, in late 1987, it was said that the sale of the company to Triangle Industries, a container manufacturer, had only failed because of the crashing stock market.


Although the company almost faced bankruptcy in 1992, Calvin Klein managed to regain and increase the profitability of his empire throughout the later 90s, mainly through the success of its highly popular underwear and fragrance lines, as well as the cK sportswear line. Mr. Klein was named "America's Best Designer" for his minimalist all-American designs in 1993, and it came as a surprise in 1999 when it was announced that CKI was again up for sale. Planning to expand its business, the company had been approached by two luxury goods companies, LVMH and Pinault Printemps Redoute, to join Calvin Klein, but nothing resulted. Other potentials like Tommy Hilfiger Corp. and Italy's Holding di Partecipazioni proved to be similar disappointments because of CKI's steep price tag of supposedly $1 billion. After seven months and no potential buyer, Mr. Klein announced that his empire was not on the market anymore. The company would never manage to go public, which had supposedly been Mr. Klein's plan once. LVMH Moët Hennessy Louis Vuitton S.A. (Euronext: MC), usually shortened to LVMH, is a French holding company and the worlds largest luxury goods conglomerate. ... Pinault-Printemps-Redoute or PPR is a French multinational holding company specializing in retail shops and luxury brands. ... Thomas Jacob Hilfiger (born March 24, 1951 in Elmira, New York) is a world-famous American fashion designer and creator of the eponymous Tommy Hilfiger and Tommy brands. ...


Acquisition by Phillips-Van Heusen

In mid-December 2002, Calvin Klein Inc. (CKI) was finally sold to shirt maker Phillips Van Heusen Corp., whose then CEO Bruce Klatsky was the driving force behind the deal, for about $400 million in cash, $30 million in stock as well as licensing rights and royalties linked to revenues over the following 15 years that were estimated at $200 to $300 million. The sale also included an ongoing personal financial incentive for Mr. Klein based on future sales of the Calvin Klein brand. Phillips Van Heusen is noted for dress shirts In 1881, Moses Phillips and his wife Endel began sewing shirts by hand and selling them from pushcarts to local Pottsville, Pennsylvania coal miners. ...


PVH outcompeted VF Corp., the maker of Lee and Wrangler jeans, which had also been interested in the jeans, underwear and swimwear business of CK that had been controlled by Warnaco Group, maker of Speedo swimwear, since 1997. The deal with PVH did not include these businesses, and they remained with Warnaco. Unable to pay debts from acquisitions and licensing agreements and due to bad publicity by a later dismissed lawsuit with Calvin Klein over selling license products to retailers other than agreed upon with Calvin Klein, Warnaco had filed for chapter 11 protection in mid-2001 but eventually emerged from bankruptcy in February of 2003. Mr. Klein himself had considered Linda Wachner, then CEO of Warnaco Group, a personal enemy. Phillips Van Heusen is noted for dress shirts In 1881, Moses Phillips and his wife Endel began sewing shirts by hand and selling them from pushcarts to local Pottsville, Pennsylvania coal miners. ... VF Corporation NYSE: VFC is an American apparel corporation. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Wrangler is one of the oldest and most popular jeans brands in the world. ... The Warnaco Group, Inc. ... The Speedo boomerang logo Speedo is a swimsuit manufacturer that began on Bondi Beach near Sydney, Australia. ... The Warnaco Group, Inc. ... The Warnaco Group, Inc. ... The Warnaco Group, Inc. ...


In reaction to the announcement of the deal, Phillips-Van Heusen shares closed down 14 cents at $12.54 on the New York Stock Exchange on December 17, 2002. The industry feared that PVH had taken on too much with the acquisition. It is said that talks between Calvin Klein and PVH had begun as early as 2000. Phillips Van Heusen is noted for dress shirts In 1881, Moses Phillips and his wife Endel began sewing shirts by hand and selling them from pushcarts to local Pottsville, Pennsylvania coal miners. ... Phillips Van Heusen is noted for dress shirts In 1881, Moses Phillips and his wife Endel began sewing shirts by hand and selling them from pushcarts to local Pottsville, Pennsylvania coal miners. ... Phillips Van Heusen is noted for dress shirts In 1881, Moses Phillips and his wife Endel began sewing shirts by hand and selling them from pushcarts to local Pottsville, Pennsylvania coal miners. ...


The transaction between Calvin Klein and PVH was financially supported by Apax Partners Inc., a New York private equity firm, which is said to have made a $250 million equity investment in PVH convertible preferred stock, as well as a $125 million, two-year secured note, all in exchange for seats on the board of PVH. he is cool gey and he was homo Apax Partners is a private equity and venture capital firm based in the United Kingdom which operates in Hong Kong, China, India, United Kingdom, United States, Europe, and Israel. ... Phillips Van Heusen is noted for dress shirts In 1881, Moses Phillips and his wife Endel began sewing shirts by hand and selling them from pushcarts to local Pottsville, Pennsylvania coal miners. ... Phillips Van Heusen is noted for dress shirts In 1881, Moses Phillips and his wife Endel began sewing shirts by hand and selling them from pushcarts to local Pottsville, Pennsylvania coal miners. ...


CKI thus became a wholly owned subsidiary of PVH. In the beginning, Mr. Klein himself, who was included as a person in the 15-year contract he had signed with PVH, remained creative head of the collections but then continued as an advisor (consulting creative director) to the new company from 2003 on and has since been more withdrawn from the business. Mr. Klein has appeared in the news from time to time since then when his name was associated with drug abuse, withdrawal treatments and public nuisance. Barry Schwartz was said to concentrate on his role as chairman of the New York Racing Association, a horse-racing club. The current President and COO of the CKI division within PVH is Tom Murry, who had filled this position already before the acquisition. Phillips Van Heusen is noted for dress shirts In 1881, Moses Phillips and his wife Endel began sewing shirts by hand and selling them from pushcarts to local Pottsville, Pennsylvania coal miners. ... Phillips Van Heusen is noted for dress shirts In 1881, Moses Phillips and his wife Endel began sewing shirts by hand and selling them from pushcarts to local Pottsville, Pennsylvania coal miners. ... The New York Racing Association is the non-profit governing body for thoroughbred horse-racing in the state of New York. ... Phillips Van Heusen is noted for dress shirts In 1881, Moses Phillips and his wife Endel began sewing shirts by hand and selling them from pushcarts to local Pottsville, Pennsylvania coal miners. ...


Current licenses

In early 2003, it was announced that Vestimenta SpA of Italy would be entrusted with the manufacture and distribution of Calvin Klein Collection for men and women – the label's high-end designer line which these days is shown on runways during the fashion weeks in New York and Milan – while design, marketing, advertising and public relations as well as control over the distribution of the line remained with CKI. Calvin Klein Collection is the brand name for the costly high-end haute couture designer menswear and womenswear lines from fashion house Calvin Klein. ...


In June 2003, CKI announced that Kellwood Corp. of Chesterfield, Missouri had been selected as a strategic licensing partner to produce, source and distribute a Calvin Klein women's better sportswear line to launch in North, Central and South America in late 2004. Under the terms of the arrangement, Kellwood collaborated with Andrew Grossman and Alexander Vreeland, two seasoned Giorgio Armani executives, who had formed a new business venture named GAV with Jay Schottenstein, chairman and CEO of Schottenstein Stores Corp., to help develop and launch the line in terms of marketing, design and advertising. GAV, a Manhattan based company, already then designed and manufactured for ck Calvin Klein and Emanuel Ungaro. The cooperation between Kellwood and GAV was ended on friendly terms in September 2005 with Kellwood being left solely responsible for the women's sportswear line while the other parties could focus on their ck Calvin Klein bridge business. A better sportswear line for men has been designed and developed in-house at CKI and PVH since spring 2004. Armani redirects here. ... Jay Schottenstein (born 1955) is an entrepreneur from Columbus, Ohio. ... Emanuel (Maffeolit) Ungaro (born 1933 in Aix-en-Provence) is a French fashion designer. ... Phillips Van Heusen is noted for dress shirts In 1881, Moses Phillips and his wife Endel began sewing shirts by hand and selling them from pushcarts to local Pottsville, Pennsylvania coal miners. ...


Just recently (December 2005), the Warnaco Group announced that in 2006 they would acquire 100% of the shares of the companies that operate the licenses and related wholesale and retail businesses of Calvin Klein Jeans and accessories in Europe and Asia as well as the cK Calvin Klein bridge line of sportswear and accessories in Europe from Fingen SpA, a Florentine holding company, and Euro Cormar SpA for €240 million. Fingen, a company controlled by the Italian Fratini family, had held a 90% share in the European Calvin Klein business – which was managed by Fabio Fusco – since 1995 with CKI owning the remaining 10%. Additionally, beginning in 2008 and continuing through December 2013, Warnaco will assume the license for Calvin Klein Collection men's and women's apparel and accessories worldwide from Fingen, with Mr. Fusco remaining in charge after the completion of the deal. The deal will have no impact on the existing US licenses with Kellwood Corp. for the Calvin Klein women's better sportswear line and with GAV for the ck Calvin Klein bridge sportswear business. The Warnaco Group, Inc. ... The Warnaco Group, Inc. ... Calvin Klein Collection is the brand name for the costly high-end haute couture designer menswear and womenswear lines from fashion house Calvin Klein. ...


In 1997, Calvin Klein International and Swatch Group signed a license agreement. Since this date, the company Calvin Klein Watches & Jewelry has been creating and marketing watches, and more recently jewelry, for Calvin Klein International.


Designers

The current creative director for Calvin Klein Collection for women is Brazilian-born Francisco Costa who had already worked with Mr. Klein directly before the founder’s departure from the company. Image File history File links Calvin_Klein_Collection. ... Calvin Klein Collection is the brand name for the costly high-end haute couture designer menswear and womenswear lines from fashion house Calvin Klein. ... Francisco Costa is the creative director of Calvin Klein Collection. ...


Italo Zucchelli, a former Jil Sander and Romeo Gigli designer, had collaborated with Calvin Klein for six seasons before he became head designer of the Calvin Klein Collection menswear line in spring 2004. Jil Sander is a German fashion designer known for understated and sleek designs, luxurious fabrics and her perfume line. ...


Stores

In the late 1990s the company opened elegant Calvin Klein Collection stores in Paris, Seoul, and Taipei and ultra-fancy cK Calvin Klein stores in Hong Kong, Milan and Kuwait City. As of today, there is only one Calvin Klein Collection store operated by CKI. It is located in New York City. The Calvin Klein stores Out of the two Calvin Klein Collection stores that existed in the US, the Dallas location in Highland Park Village which had been open for 20 years was closed in mid-2005. The only international location, in Paris, was closed by PVH in March 2006. The New York store, which serves as the company's flagship store at 654 Madison Ave., remains open still today. The sportswear and cK lines are mainly sold through North American department stores and in Europe through some high-end retail stores. In Europe, Calvin Klein is predominantly known for his underwear, and perhaps the Collection business, rather than for the medium-priced sportswear lines. In Asia, there are also signature cK stores that only carry the cK sportswear line. The Warnaco Group, in addition, maintains Calvin Klein Jeans and corresponding outlet stores. Apart from signature Calvin Klein Underwear boutiques, there are also several Calvin Klein Outlet stores, mostly located within factory outlet malls in the US, that sell the sportswear and cK lines at reduced prices but do not carry the Collection lines. Calvin Klein Collection is the brand name for the costly high-end haute couture designer menswear and womenswear lines from fashion house Calvin Klein. ... Calvin Klein Collection is the brand name for the costly high-end haute couture designer menswear and womenswear lines from fashion house Calvin Klein. ... Calvin Klein Collection is the brand name for the costly high-end haute couture designer menswear and womenswear lines from fashion house Calvin Klein. ... Phillips Van Heusen is noted for dress shirts In 1881, Moses Phillips and his wife Endel began sewing shirts by hand and selling them from pushcarts to local Pottsville, Pennsylvania coal miners. ... The Warnaco Group, Inc. ...


With the fall 2006 Collection runway presentations in New York City, CKI inaugurated an 8,600 sq ft show room space that can seat up to 600 people on the ground floor of 205 West 39th Street, in Times Square South where Calvin Klein has been headquartered since 1978. Their current office space in the building is about 143,000 sq ft with lease costs probably figuring at around $30 per sq in that area. New York, New York and NYC redirect here. ... For other uses, see Times Square (disambiguation). ...


In 2006 two Calvin Klein Jeans boutiques opened in Cairo and Alexandria Egypt, selling only Calvin Klein Jeans. Also in 2006, Calvin Klein opened three boutiques (including a store selling only underwear) in Istanbul/Turkey.


Besides the aforementioned specialised/dedicated Calvin Klein stores, the brand is widely available across globe. Notable retailers in the UK offering Calvin Klein include stores such as John Lewis Partnership, Debenhams and KJ Beckett. Likewise in the US, collections are available in department stores including Nordstrom, Bloomingdales, and Neiman Marcus as well as many small independent stores. Calvin Klein collections are also found online with particular internet focus on selling Calvin Klein underwear and fragrances. For the former (1856-1991) unrelated UK department store, see Lewiss. ... Debenhams plc (LSE: DEB) is a retailer with a chain of department stores based in the United Kingdom, and franchised stores in a number of other countries. ... KJ Beckett is a mens accessories business which is based in Bath, England. ... This is the page for the department store. ... Bloomingdales is an upscale department store owned by Federated Department Stores, which is also the owner of Macys. ... Categories: Stub | Retail companies of the United States ...


Brands

The most visible brand names in the Calvin Klein portfolio include:

  • Calvin Klein Collection (black label, top-end designer line)
  • cK Calvin Klein (grey label, recently repositioned as bridge collection line)
  • Calvin Klein (white label, better sportswear line)
  • Calvin Klein Jeans (denimwear line)
  • Calvin Klein Home (high end bedding, towel, bath rug and accessory collections)
  • Calvin Klein Golf (to be launched in late 2007) [1]

Licenses are in effect for the most of the above mentioned brands' jeans, kids clothing, underwear, swimwear, sleepwear, hosiery and socks, watches, fragrance, eyewear and home lines/collections. Calvin Klein Collection is the brand name for the costly high-end haute couture designer menswear and womenswear lines from fashion house Calvin Klein. ...


Fragrances

Calvin Klein is famous for the label's various lines of perfumes and colognes. Their perfumes and the corresponding fragrance lines used to be maintained by Calvin Klein Cosmetics Company (CKCC), a Unilever company, until recently when in May 2005 cosmetics giant Coty, Inc. of New York bought up the fragrance licensing agreements from Unilever. [year of launch] Unilever is a widely listed [2] [3] multi-national corporation, formed of Anglo-Dutch parentage, that owns many of the worlds consumer product brands in foods, beverages, cleaning agents and personal care products. ... Coty, Inc. ... This article is about the state. ... Unilever is a widely listed [2] [3] multi-national corporation, formed of Anglo-Dutch parentage, that owns many of the worlds consumer product brands in foods, beverages, cleaning agents and personal care products. ...

Calvin Klein Eternity for Men
Calvin Klein Eternity for Men
Calvin Klein Euphoria for Men
Calvin Klein Euphoria for Men
  • Calvin (men) [1981]
  • Calvin Klein Man [2007]
  • cK be (unisex) [1996]
  • cK IN2U (men and women) [2007]
  • cK one (unisex) [1994, 'Red Hot' limited edition 2000, 'Graffiti' art limited edition 2003]
  • cK one Electric (unisex) [2006] LIMITED EDITION
  • cK one Scene (unisex) [2006] LIMITED EDITION
  • cK one Summer [2004 yellow and green] [2005 yellow and orange] [2006 blue and green] LIMITED EDITIONS
  • Contradiction (men and women) [men 1998, women 1997]
  • Crave (men) [2003]
  • Eternity (men and women) [1989]
  • Eternity Moment (women) [2004]
  • Eternity Purple Orchid (women) [2003] LIMITED EDITION
  • Eternity Rose blush (women) 2002 LIMITED EDITION
  • Eternity Summer (men and women)[2006] LIMITED EDITION
  • Escape (men and women) [men 1993, women 1991]
  • Euphoria (women) [2005] (men) [2006]
  • Euphoria Blossom (women)[2007]
  • Obsession (men and women) [men 1986, women 1985]
  • Obsession Night (men and women) [2005]
  • Truth (men and women) [men 2002, women 2000]

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,592 × 1,728 pixels, file size: 828 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 533 pixelsFull resolution‎ (2,592 × 1,728 pixels, file size: 828 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 528 pixelsFull resolution‎ (3,031 × 2,000 pixels, file size: 1. ... Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 528 pixelsFull resolution‎ (3,031 × 2,000 pixels, file size: 1. ...

Advertising

cKone ad

The Calvin Klein company, like many in the fashion industry, is known for its eye-catching advertising. It is noted by many conservative organizations for its use of seemingly-underage models in provocative poses. Calvin Klein's advertising campaigns are frequently controversial, but prove this can be very successful - to the point of making a blitz career. One of his male underwear models, Mark Wahlberg, went on to fame as hip hop star 'Marky Mark', launching himself into the Hollywood scene to become a current "A-list" actor. Another Hollywood star owing his respectable career to the Calvin Klein advertisements is Antonio Sabato Jr.. In the early '90s, Calvin Klein was also responsible for launching the international career of supermodel Kate Moss. Image File history File links Ian@cKone. ... Image File history File links Ian@cKone. ... Advert redirects here. ... For the actor and television game show host, see Mark L. Walberg. ... Promotional photo of Antonio Sabato Jr. ... Not to be confused with Kate Mosse. ...


They also play with emerging technologies. When advertising cKone perfume in 1999, they employed a very unusual and groundbreaking campaign that displayed e-mail addresses in print advertisements, targeted at teenagers (such as ian@ckone.com or tia@ckone.com). When these teens mailed these addresses, they would be placed on a mailing list that sent them mails with vague details about the models' lives, with fake details meant to make them more relatable. These mails came at unpredictable intervals, and were supposed to give readers the feeling that they had some connection with these characters. Though the mailing lists were discontinued in 2002, the campaign has inspired similar marketing tactics for movies and other retail products. A mailing list is a collection of names and addresses used by an individual or an organization to send material to multiple recipients. ...


Gay culture

  • Calvin Klein underwear, while worn by many heterosexual men, has for a long time been favored by the gay community, particularly the modern boxer briefs.[citation needed] Most gay-related shops sell the brand, it has entered gay sub culture as a "uniform".

Boxer briefs (or tight boxers) are a type of mens underwear. ...

Trivia

  • In Back to the Future, Marty McFly goes by the name Calvin Klein after he is called that by his fifties mother because he is wearing CK underwear.

This article is about the first film in the Back to the Future trilogy. ...

See also

Sex in advertising is the use of sexual attraction as a tool of persuasion to draw interest to a particular product, for purpose of sale, generally using attractive models. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Calvin Klein: A Case Study | Handout (692 words)
Klein has always been at the forefront of the youth trend in advertising, but in a 1995 campaign for Calvin Klein Jeans, his images of pubescent models in provocative poses caused major controversy and debate when they crossed the line between fashion and pornography.
Klein is not alone in his use of controversial images in advertising.
A Calvin Klein spokesperson claimed that these ads were intended "to capture the same warmth and spontaneity that you find in a family snapshot." The general public disagreed, with numerous experts citing that these ads were pornographic because they featured high definition, sexualized images of young children.
AskMen.com - Calvin Klein (538 words)
Calvin Klein the man, is famous, but not nearly as famous as the brand name that bears his name, and has spawned a clothing giant, with a lucrative hold of the perfume market with scents like Obsession, One and Eternity.
Calvin Klein, the marketing genius, has achieved the kind of worldwide distribution of his products that only a handful of companies like Coke have been able to achieve.
Calvin Richard Klein was born November 19, 1942, in the New York Bronx.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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