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Encyclopedia > Caltagirone
Comune di Caltagirone
Coat of arms of Comune di Caltagirone
Municipal coat of arms
Country Italy Italy
Region Sicily
Province Catania (CT)
Mayor Francesco Pignataro (since June 11, 2002)
Elevation 608 m
Area 382 km²
Population
 - Total (as of December 31, 2004) 39,228
 - Density 96/km²
Time zone CET, UTC+1
Coordinates 37°14′N 14°31′E
Gentilic Calatini or Caltagironesi
Dialing code 0933
Postal code 95041, 95040
Frazioni Granieri, Santo Pietro, Piano San Paolo
Patron St. James
 - Day July 25
Website: www.comune.caltagirone.ct.it

Caltagirone is a town and comune in the province of Catania, on the island (and region) of Sicily, about 70 km SW of Catania. It is bounded by the comuni of Acate, Gela, Grammichele, Licodia Eubea, Mazzarino, Mazzarrone, Mineo, Mirabella Imbaccari, Niscemi, Piazza Armerina, San Michele di Ganzaria. Image File history File links Caltagirone-Stemma. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Italy. ... The Regions of Italy were granted a degree of regional autonomy in the 1948 constitution, which states that the constitutions role is: to recognize, protect and promote local autonomy, to ensure that services at the State level are as decentralized as possible, and to adapt the principles and laws... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian, Sicilian and Spanish, Σικελία in Greek) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,700 km² and 5 million inhabitants. ... In Italy, the province (in Italian: provincia) is an administrative division of an intermediate level, between municipality (comune) and region (Regione). ... Catania (Italian: Provincia di Catania) is a province in the autonomous island region of Sicily in Italy. ... June 11 is the 162nd day of the year in the Gregorian Calendar (163rd in leap years), with 203 days remaining. ... For album titles with the same name, see 2002 (album). ... December 31 is the 365th day of the year (366th in leap years) in the Gregorian Calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing daylight saving Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... A demonym or gentilic is a word that denotes the members of a people or the inhabitants of a place. ... Here are a list of area codes in Italy. ... A frazione, in Italy, is the name given in administrative law to a type of territorial subdivision of a comune; for other subdivisions, see municipio, circoscrizione, quartiere. ... Granieri is a village of Common of Caltagirone, Sicily, with a population of 400 people, located 18 kilometres from Caltagirone and 351 metres above sea level, in an area where vineyards are cultivated and good wine is produced. ... July 25 is the 206th day (207th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 159 days remaining. ... In Italy, the comune, (plural comuni) is the basic administrative unit of both provinces and regions, and may be properly approximated in casual speech by the English word township or municipality. ... Catania (Italian: Provincia di Catania) is a province in the autonomous island region of Sicily in Italy. ... Sicily (Sicilia in Italian, Sicilian and Spanish, Σικελία in Greek) is an autonomous region of Italy and the largest island in the Mediterranean Sea, with an area of 25,700 km² and 5 million inhabitants. ... Catania is the second largest city of Sicily and is the capital of the province which bears its name. ... Country Italy Region Sicily Province Ragusa (RG) Mayor Elevation m Area km² Population  - Total  - Density /km² Time zone CET, UTC+1 Coordinates , Gentilic Dialing code Postal code Acate is a small town in the south of Sicily in the Province of Ragusa. ... Gela is a commune in the province of Caltanissetta, in the island of Sicily, Italy. ... Grammichele, a town of Sicily, in the province of Catania, 55 miles southwest of it by rail and 31 miles direct. ... Licodia Eubea is a town and comune in the province of Catania, on the island of Sicily Italian region of Catania. ... Mazzarino is a city in the province of Caltanissetta in the region of Sicily, Italy. ... Mazzarrone is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Catania in the Italian region Sicily, located about 160 km southeast of Palermo and about 70 km southwest of Catania. ... Mineo is a town and commune in the Province of Catania, part of the Sicily region in southern Italy. ... Mirabella Imbaccari is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Catania in the Italian region Sicily, located about 130 km southeast of Palermo and about 60 km southwest of Catania. ... Niscemi is a town in the province of Caltanissetta, Sicily, Italy. ... Piazza Armerina is an Italian comune in the province of Enna of the autonomous island region of Sicily. ... San Michele di Ganzaria is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Catania in the Italian region Sicily, located about 130 km southeast of Palermo and about 60 km southwest of Catania. ...

The famous decorated staircase of Caltagirone.
The famous decorated staircase of Caltagirone.

The city has been long famous for the production of pottery and terra-cotta wares. Nowadays the production is more and more oriented to artistic production of ceramics and terra-cotta sculptures. Other activities are mainly related to agriculture (production of grapes, olives, peaches). Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2288x1712, 748 KB) Caltagirone (CT), Italy. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (2288x1712, 748 KB) Caltagirone (CT), Italy. ... Unfired green ware pottery on a traditional drying rack at Conner Prairie living history museum. ... Sculpture of Hindu god Hanuman in Terra cotta. ... Species Vitis acerifolia Vitis aestivalis Vitis amurensis Vitis arizonica Vitis x bourquina Vitis californica Vitis x champinii Vitis cinerea Vitis x doaniana Vitis girdiana Vitis labrusca Vitis x labruscana Vitis lincecumii Vitis monticola Vitis mustangensis Vitis x novae-angliae Vitis palmata Vitis riparia Vitis rotundifolia Vitis rupestris Vitis shuttleworthii Vitis... Binomial name Olea europaea L. 19th century illustration The Olive (Olea europaea) is a species of small tree in the family Oleaceae, native to coastal areas of the eastern Mediterranean region, from Lebanon and the maritime parts of Asia Minor and northern Iran at the south end of the Caspian... Binomial name Prunus persica (L.) Batsch Percentages are relative to US recommendations for adults. ...

Contents

History

The city's name derives from the Arabic qal'at-al-ganom ("Castle of the Genies"). It was inhabited since pre-historical times, as attested by the presence of two necropolis dating from the 2nd millennium BCE and by numerous other archaeological findings. Later, it was inhabited by the Sicels pre-Roman population . The Arabic language ( ), or simply Arabic ( ), is the largest member of the family of Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew, Amharic, and Aramaic. ... The 2nd millennium BC marks the transition from the Middle to the Late Bronze Age. ... The Sicels (Latin: Siculi; Greek: Σικελοί) were one of the three main tribes who, before the arrival of Greek colonists, inhabited Sicily, according to the traditional ethnic division of Thucydides (vi:2). ...


The Arabs built here a castle, which in 1030 was attacked by Ligurian troops under the Byzantine general George Maniakes, and which have left traces of Ligurian language in the current dialect. The city flourishedunder the Norman and Hohenstaufen domination, becoming a renowned centre for production of ceramics. Door of the Abbey of S. Maria di Maniace. ... Norman conquests in red. ... Arms of the Hohenstaufen Dynasty The Hohenstaufen (or the Staufer(s)) were a dynasty of Kings of Germany, many of whom were also crowned Holy Roman Emperor and Dukes of Swabia. ...


The city was almost completely destroyed by the severe earthquake of 1693. Many public and private buildings have then been reconstructed in Baroque style. Primarily for this reason, the city has been inserted, together with the surrounding territory in an area protected by the UNESCO World Heritage program. An earthquake is a phenomenon that results from and is powered by the sudden release of stored energy in the crust that propagates seismic waves. ... Events January 11 - Eruption of Mt. ... Adoration, by Peter Paul Rubens. ... UNESCO logo UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ...


Main sights

A collection of ancient and modern pottery and terra-cotta, dating back to the Magna Grecia period, is available in the local Museum of Pottery, created in 1965. Magna Graecia (Latin for Greater Greece, Megalê Hellas/Μεγάλη Ελλάς in Greek) is the name of an area in ancient southern Italy and Sicily that was colonised by ancient Greek settlers in the 8th century BCE. Originally, Magna Graecia was the...


The main landmark of the city is the 142-step monumental Staircase of Santa Maria del Monte, built from 1608 in the old part of the town. The peculiarity is that each step is decorated with different hand-decorated ceramics, using styles and figures derived from the millennial tradition of pottery making. Once a year, on and around the day of the city's patron saint, (Saint James, 25 July), the staircase is illuminated with candles of different colours arranged in order to reconstruct an artistic drawing of several tens of meters. In several forms of the church of Christianity, but especially in Roman Catholicism, a patron saint has special affinity for a trade or group. ... Saint James can refer to the following: Several men mentioned in the New Testament, whose various epithets and euphemisms cause some uncertainties: James, son of Zebedee, an apostle, brother of John the Apostle; also called Saint James the Great. ... July 25 is the 206th day (207th in leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar, with 159 days remaining. ...


Religious buildings include:

  • The Cathedral of St. Julian, of Norman origin, with a 20th art nouveau façade by Saverio Gulli.
  • The Baroque church of San Francesco di Paola. The sacristy is in Gothic style, dating from before the 1693 earthquake.
  • San Francesco d'Assisi, edificated in 1236 and rebuilt in Baroque style after 1693. The façade has two orders with marine symbols and a statue of the Immaculate. The dome is unfinished.
  • Church of the Gesù (1570). The façade has eight statues portraying saints and the Madonna with Child. The interior, one a single nave, houses a Pietà by Filippo Paladino (1607) and Christ's Nativity by Polidoro da Caravaggio.
  • Santa Maria del Monte (12th century)
  • The Renaissance Church of the New Capuchins, in white stone, with a noteworthy treasure and a picture gallery
  • St. James

Also noteworthy is the Palazzo Senatorio (15th century), the former Town Hall. Poster by Alfons Mucha Art Nouveau (IPA: , anglicised ) (French for new art) is an international style of art, architecture and design that peaked in popularity at the beginning of the 20th century. ... See also Gothic art. ... Polidoro Caldara da Caravaggio (1495 or 1492 – 1543), a celebrated painter of frieze and other decorations in the Vatican. ...


Notable people

Cristiana]]).


Twin cities



Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Nickname: The City by the Bay; Fog City Location of the City and County of San Francisco, California Coordinates: Country United States of America State California City-County San Francisco Mayor Gavin Newsom Area    - City 122 km²  (47 sq mi)  - Land 121. ...



  Results from FactBites:
 
Caltagirone, Italy (225 words)
Caltagirone is situated inland at the junction of the SS 124 (from Siracusa) and 385 (from Catania), just to the south of the SS 417 (Gela-Catania).
Caltagirone, which enjoys a picturesque location across three hills, is famous for its pottery and terracotta industry, evidence of which can be seen in the great tiled steps which connect the upper and lower parts of the town.
After being completely destroyed in the earthquake of 1693, Caltagirone was rebuilt in the 17th and 18th centuries and this gave the town its Baroque character.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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