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Encyclopedia > Calne
Calne
Population 13,606[1]
OS grid reference ST998707
District North Wiltshire
Shire county Wiltshire
Region South West
Constituent country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town CALNE
Postcode district SN11
Dial code 01249
Police Wiltshire
Fire Wiltshire
Ambulance Great Western
UK Parliament Devizes
European Parliament South West England
List of places: UKEnglandWiltshire

Coordinates: 51°26′07″N 2°00′15″W / 51.4353, -2.00427 Image File history File links Download high resolution version (600x800, 11 KB) Summary Description: A blank map of the United Kingdom, with country outline and coastline; contact the author for help with modifications or add-ons Source: Reference map provided by Demis Mapper 6 Date: 2006-21-06 Author: User... Image File history File links Red_pog. ... The British national grid reference system is a system of geographic grid references commonly used in Great Britain, different from using latitude or longitude. ... The districts of England are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government. ... North Wiltshire is a local government district in Wiltshire, England. ... Metropolitan and non-metropolitan counties are one of the four levels of English administrative division used for the purposes of local government. ... Wiltshire (abbreviated Wilts) is a large southern English county. ... The region, also known as Government Office Region, is currently the highest tier of local government subnational entity of England in the United Kingdom. ... South West England is one of the regions of England. ... Constituent countries is a phrase used, often by official institutions, in contexts in which a number of countries make up a larger entity or grouping; thus the OECD has used the phrase in reference to the former Yugoslavia[1], the Soviet Union and European institutions such as the Council of... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total 130... This is an alphabetical list of the sovereign states of the world, including both de jure and de facto independent states. ... A post town is a required part of all UK postal addresses. ... UK postal codes are known as postcodes. ... The SN postcode area, also known as the Swindon postcode area[2], is a group of postal districts around Calne, Chippenham, Corsham, Devizes, Faringdon, Malmesbury, Marlborough, Melksham, Pewsey and Swindon in England. ... The UK telephone numbering plan, also known as the National Numbering Plan, is regulated by the Office of Communications (Ofcom), which replaced the Office of Telecommunications (Oftel) in 2003. ... Wiltshire Constabulary is the police force covering Wiltshire and Swindon in south-west England. ... A Fire Appliance belonging to the Greater Manchester Fire and Rescue Service The fire service in the United Kingdom has undergone dramatic changes since the beginning of the 21st century, a process that has been propelled by a devolution of central government powers, new legislation and a change to operational... The Wiltshire Fire and Rescue Service is the county-wide, statutory emergency fire and rescue service for the ceremonial county of Wiltshire, England. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Great Western Ambulance Service NHS Trust provides services in Bath and North East Somerset, Bristol, Gloucestershire, North Somerset, South Gloucestershire, Swindon and Wiltshire in the South West England region. ... The United Kingdom House of Commons is made up of Members of Parliament (MPs). ... Devizes is a constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. ... This is a list of Members of the European Parliament for the United Kingdom in the 2004 to 2009 session, ordered by name. ... The constituency (first used 2004) within England; Gibraltar is in the inset. ... List of cities in the United Kingdom List of towns in England Lists of places within counties List of places in Bedfordshire List of places in Berkshire List of places in Buckinghamshire List of places in Cambridgeshire List of places in Cheshire List of places in Cleveland List of places... This is a list of cities, towns and villages in the ceremonial county of Wiltshire, England. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


Calne is a town located in central Wiltshire, in the South West England region of the United Kingdom. It is situated at the southern extreme of the county's North Wiltshire local government district. Ronda, Spain Main street in Bastrop, Texas, a small town A town is a community of people ranging from a few hundred to several thousands, although it may be applied loosely even to huge metropolitan areas. ... Wiltshire (abbreviated Wilts) is a large southern English county. ... South West England is one of the regions of England. ... North Wiltshire is a local government district in Wiltshire, England. ...


It lies on the River Marden, the Wilts and Berks Canal and the A4 road 19 miles (30 km) east of Bath, 6 miles (10 km) east of Chippenham and 93 miles (150 km) west of London. It is a small (though expanding) town with a population of 13,606 according to the 2001 Census (14,800 est. 2006) and is situated at the northwestern extremity of the North Wessex Downs hill range, a designated Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty. The River Marden is a small tributary of the River Avon, it flows from the hills surrounding Calne and meets the River Avon about a mile upstream of Chippenham. ... The Wilts and Berks Canal is a canal, originally in Wiltshire and Berkshire, England. ... The A4 at Hotwells in Bristol The A4 crosses Picadilly Circus in central London The A4 is a major road in England, also known as the Great West Road. ... Bath is a city in Somerset, England most famous for its baths fed by three hot springs. ... Statistics Population: 30,000 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: ST919733 Administration District: North Wiltshire Shire county: Wiltshire Region: South West England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Wiltshire Services Police force: Wiltshire Constabulary Fire and rescue: Wiltshire Fire and Rescue Service Ambulance: Great Western Post office... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... UK Census 2001 logo A nationwide census, commonly known as Census 2001, was conducted in the United Kingdom on Sunday 29 April 2001. ... The North Wessex Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) is located in the English counties of Berkshire, Hampshire, Oxfordshire and Wiltshire. ... An Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) is an area of countryside with significant landscape value in England, Wales or Northern Ireland, that has been specially designated by the Countryside Agency on behalf of the United Kingdom government. ...

Contents

History

Calne's best known industry was the Harris Pork processing facility that dominated the town architecturally and provided employment directly and indirectly to many of the residents until the early-1980s - at its closure in 1983 for example it employed over 2,000 people out of a town population of 10,000. It is said that the pork curing industry developed because pigs reared in Ireland were landed at Bristol and then herded to London through Calne. The factory started in the second half of the 18th century when brothers John and Henry Harris started businesses which merged in 1888 as C. & T. Harris & Co. The factory has now been fully demolished and the area where it used to be located redeveloped as shops, housing and a library. As a result of the closure of the factory unemployment in the town increased considerably and for much of the 1980s Calne suffered many of the problems more normally associated with large cities. Calne also had a significant woollen industry in the past, and evidence of this can be seen on The Green in Calne, where many buildings such as cloth mills involved in this industry remain. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Year 1983 (MCMLXXXIII) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays the 1983 Gregorian calendar). ... This article is about the English city. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Year 1888 (MDCCCLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Sunday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ...


The Porte Marsh Industrial Estate on the north side of the town now provides the bulk of the town's internal employment. It is home to around 100 companies in predominantly light industries and IT. The Belgian company Deceuninck has invested considerably in this area and operates two large facilities at Porte Marsh, notably a new production and distribution centre which now dominates the north side of town. Another significant employer is the Exception Group, a large electronics company. In 2006 plans to build a sizeable cement production plant on the Porte Marsh site were vigorously opposed by local residents and planning permission was refused by the council [2]. However, it is yet to be seen whether an appeal for construction is to be successful in 2007.


Modern Calne

Calne is now considered to be one of the fastest-expanding towns in the South West England region. Its population is projected to peak at around 16,000 by 2010. South West England is one of the regions of England. ...


The Lansdowne Park housing development (begun in the late-1990s and due for completion in 2008) has substantially increased the physical scale of the town, creating an entirely new northwestern suburb, inclusive of a new state-of-the-art primary school, medical surgery and a small shopping area. This area has particularly attracted professional workers from traditionally more expensive areas such as Bath, Bristol, Marlborough and as far afield as the 'silicon valley' towns of central Berkshire. However, parts of Lansdowne Park have been mismanaged by certain developers, who have left several pockets of the development unlandscaped. Thus parts of the development appear incomplete and shoddy, whilst other areas are highly attractive and well-finished. For instance, the an area adjacent to the new Beaversbrook Medical Centre is a muddy, unpaved and broken-fenced (ie, unsightly) area, which is used as a car park and uglifies the surrounding area. There are no plans as yet to landscape or even pave this area. Bath is a city in Somerset, England most famous for its baths fed by three hot springs. ... This article is about the English city. ... Marlborough on a Wednesday Market morning The town-centre of Marlborough Marlborough (pronounced Maulbruh - /ˈmɔːlbɹə/ in IPA) is a market town in the English county of Wiltshire on the Old Bath Road, the old main road from London to Bath. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ...


Lansdowne Park is named to reflect the development's proximity to the seat of the Marquess of Lansdowne, which has resided at the nearby Bowood House country estate since 1784. The monument at the summit of nearby Cherhill Down is called the Lansdowne Monument. The title of Marquess of Lansdowne was created in the Peerage of Great Britain in 1784 for William Petty, 2nd Earl of Shelburne, the former Prime Minister. ... Bowood House from Morriss County Seats (1880). ... Cherhill is a village in Wiltshire, England located on the A4 road between Calne and Marlborough about 90 miles west of London. ...


Aside from the final completion of Lansdowne Park, small pockets of new housing developments are evident across the town, but on a far smaller scale. Plans are also afoot (pending further funding) for the creation of a major new outdoor sports facility at Beversbrook on Calne's northern edge, though a new leisure complex is not part of these plans.


Notable Architecture

Notable buildings in the town include St Mary's Church, a wonderful array of houses on The Green and a splendid Town Hall. Of particular note is the new Library which has won awards for its innovative design and was opened by HM Queen Elizabeth II in 2001, although this is already in need of stonewashing. Elizabeth II (Elizabeth Alexandra Mary [1]; born 21 April 1926) is Queen of sixteen sovereign states, and their respective overseas territories and dependencies. ...


Calne town centre is blessed with a number of attractive old buildings which are worthy of renovation and regeneration, but which have unfortunately been left to erode or have been shoddily redeveloped. There are also outline plans to redevelop the unsightly Phelps Parade shopping area in the town centre, an increasingly shabby-looking red brick shopping precinct which dates back to the early-1970s and does not fit kindly with the stonewall character of the town (one idea is to reclad it in the local buff stone).


The second major phase of central Calne's redevelopment is still at the planning stage. One idea is an attempt to attract proper restaurants into the town, which the town is almost completely bereft of, aside from a scattering of fast-food takeaways and a couple of Indian restaurants. Nearby towns such as Corsham, Devizes and Marlborough, all less populous than Calne, provide their residents with an array of high-quality culinary excursions. It has been suggested that Corsham Railway Cutting be merged into this article or section. ... Arms of Devizes Devizes is a town and civil parish in the English county of Wiltshire. ... Marlborough on a Wednesday Market morning The town-centre of Marlborough Marlborough (pronounced Maulbruh - /ˈmɔːlbɹə/ in IPA) is a market town in the English county of Wiltshire on the Old Bath Road, the old main road from London to Bath. ...


However, since the demolition of the Harris pork factory and the completion of the first phase of redevelopment/regeneration in 2001, Calne has, in general, been successfully transformed into an attractive setting compared to its run-down image of the 1980s-1990s. A substantial amount of scaffolding materialised across Calne town centre in mid-2007 with a view to the renovation of several prominent buildings, and the library complex is due to be stonewashed during late-summer 2007.


Transport & Infrastructure

Calne's former railway station opened in 1863, the terminus of a branch line of the Great Western Railway from Chippenham. There was initially one intermediate stop - Stanley Bridge Halt. The opening of another quite late in the line's history - Black Dog Halt, was not enough to slow the inevitable decline. The branch closed as a result of the Beeching Axe in September 1965, having achieved the dubious distinction of making the biggest loss per mile of track of any line in the country. Year 1863 (MDCCCLXIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... A branch line is a relatively minor railway line which branches off a more important through route. ... The original Bristol Temple Meads station, first terminus of the GWR, is the building to the left of this picture The Great Western Railway (GWR) was a British railway company, linking South West England, the West Country and South Wales with London. ... Statistics Population: 30,000 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: ST919733 Administration District: North Wiltshire Shire county: Wiltshire Region: South West England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Wiltshire Services Police force: Wiltshire Constabulary Fire and rescue: Wiltshire Fire and Rescue Service Ambulance: Great Western Post office... Many railway lines were closed as a result of the Beeching Axe The Beeching Axe is an informal name for the British Governments attempt in the 1960s to reduce the cost of running the British railway system. ... 1965 (MCMLXV) was a common year starting on Friday (the link is to a full 1965 calendar). ...


A northern bypass (part of the A3102) was completed in 2001 and an eastern bypass is under consideration for possible construction in 2010-2012. The justification for construction would be to ease increasingly heavy rush-hour traffic congestion on the A4 which bisects the town, caused in part by the town's rapidly expanding population and the council’s decision to narrow Wood Street to single lane traffic. However, it is feared that a new bypass may also lead to the premature development of eastern Calne, with many residents believing that the town should be free from further expansion for a few years in order for it to fully absorb and sustain the current wave of development.


The general concern with modern Calne is that the town's facilities and infrastructure are not perceived to be growing exponentially with the rapidly rising population. For example, the town's only public sports centre, The White Horse Leisure Centre (built in 1976) had been allowed to become increasingly run down and was eventually closed in March 2007, forcing many residents to either join more expensive private sports centres or travel to other areas for better facilities (though a consortium-based rescue plan was announced in July 2007). Nearby towns such as Devizes and Marlborough, both smaller than Calne in terms of population, boast shining new sports centres and swimming pools, which is all the more surprising since these towns are growing at a far slower rate.


Calne is also known for harbouring both the most prosperous and least prosperous communities in Wiltshire.


The M4 motorway at Junction 16 (Wootton Bassett/Swindon West) lies 13 miles (21 km) to the north of Calne, and the westbound M4 junction 17 just north of Chippenham is 12 miles (19 km) to the west. The closest main passenger airport is Bristol International Airport, 38 miles (61 km) to the southwest. Calne is also one the largest UK towns not served by a rail station, nor does it have a bus station, though in March 2007 it was designated as a National Express stop.[3].


Shopping in Calne

Aside from its Sainsbury's, Somerfield and Iceland supermarkets, Calne is somewhat lacking for residents seeking retail therapy. Several units remain empty and the town has witnessed its fair share of transient enterprises. J Sainsbury plc is the parent company of Sainsburys Supermarkets Ltd, commonly known as Sainsburys, a chain of supermarkets in the United Kingdom. ... Somerfield is a chain of small to medium-sized supermarkets operating in the United Kingdom. ...


It is believed that once Phelps Parade has been successfully redeveloped (or completely replaced), the central business district will be able to attract chain outlets such as Woolworths, Wilkinsons, Argos and a larger Boots to the town. Most residents travel to Chippenham, Bath, Devizes, Marlborough, Swindon and even Bristol for a more fulfilling shopping experience beyond buying their groceries. F.W. Woolworth Company the original USA based chain of high street shops. ... Coordinates 37°37′ N 22°43′ E Country Greece Periphery Peloponnese Prefecture Argolis Province Argos Population 29,505 Area 5. ... Boots is the name of at least five different albums and singles: Boots by Nancy Sinatra (1966) Boots by Mighty Gabby (1984) Boots by Condemned Eighty Four (2001) Boots by KMFDM (2002) Boots by Noe Venable (2003) It is also the name of a large chain of chemists in the... Statistics Population: 30,000 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: ST919733 Administration District: North Wiltshire Shire county: Wiltshire Region: South West England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Wiltshire Services Police force: Wiltshire Constabulary Fire and rescue: Wiltshire Fire and Rescue Service Ambulance: Great Western Post office... Bath is a city in Somerset, England most famous for its baths fed by three hot springs. ... Arms of Devizes Devizes is a town and civil parish in the English county of Wiltshire. ... Marlborough on a Wednesday Market morning The town-centre of Marlborough Marlborough (pronounced Maulbruh - /ˈmɔːlbɹə/ in IPA) is a market town in the English county of Wiltshire on the Old Bath Road, the old main road from London to Bath. ... For other places with the same name, see Swindon (disambiguation). ... This article is about the English city. ...


Education

St Mary's School [1] is regarded as one of the UK's most prestigious independent schools for girls, with sumptuous grounds and a modern sports centre. The John Bentley School [2] is the local comprehensive high school situated on the southern periphery of Calne, and is a noted languages centre.


The closest further education institution is the Wiltshire College site in Chippenham (10 km / 6 miles away), although the college also has a small centre at The Green in Calne.


The closest higher education institution is the University of Bath campus at Claverdon Down in Bath, 18 miles (29 km) to the west. The university's Oakridge campus in east Swindon is 20 miles (32 km) to the northwest. Bath Spa University lies 24 miles (38 km) away at its Newton Park campus, west of Bath. The University of Bath is a campus university located near Bath, England. ... Bath Spa University is a university near Bath, England. ...

The arms of Calne Town Council

Image File history File links Calne_coa. ... Image File history File links Calne_coa. ...

Representatives

Calne is located in the Devizes constituency and governed by Calne Town Council [3], North Wiltshire District Council [4] and Wiltshire County Council [5]. Ellenor Bland, who rose to national prominence in November 2006, sits on Calne Town Council. Arms of Devizes Devizes is a town and civil parish in the English county of Wiltshire. ... North Wiltshire is a local government district in Wiltshire, England. ... A bridge over the river Avon at Bradford-on-Avon in Wiltshire Wiltshire (abbreviated Wilts) is a large southern English county. ... Ellenor (Ellie) Bland is a British Conservative politician and a councillor on Calne town council in Wiltshire. ...


Notable Inhabitants

Notable people from Calne include Saint Edmund, John Pym and the athlete Walter Goodall George who held the world record for the mile from 1886 to 1915. The country estate of Bowood House lies near Calne. It was here that Joseph Priestley discovered oxygen in 1774; there is a plaque in the town centre commemorating this. There is also a plaque on the wall of the house where Samuel Taylor Coleridge stayed from 1814 to 1816 as part of the Morgan household whilst writing his Biographia Literaria. The singer-songwriter-author Julian Cope resides in a small village 7 km (4.5 miles) east of Calne, towards Avebury. The actor David Hemmings lived in the old mill in calne for many years up until his death. He had his funeral in st. Mary's Church The term Scramel originated in Calne, thought to have been modified from Cornish sayings. Edmund Rich, also known as Saint Edmund or Eadmund of Canterbury, was Archbishop of Canterbury in 1234. ... John Pym (1584 – December 8, 1643) was an English parliamentarian, leader of the Long Parliament and a prominent critic of James I and then Charles I. Pym was born in Brymore, Somerset, into minor nobility. ... Bowood House from Morriss County Seats (1880). ... Joseph Frederick Priestley is often credited for the discovery of oxygen. ... General Name, Symbol, Number oxygen, O, 8 Chemical series nonmetals, chalcogens Group, Period, Block 16, 2, p Appearance colorless (gas) very pale blue (liquid) Standard atomic weight 15. ... Chesma Column in Tsarskoe Selo, commemorating the end of the Russo-Turkish War. ... Samuel Taylor Coleridge (October 21, 1772 – July 25, 1834) (pronounced ) was an English poet, critic, and philosopher who was, along with his friend William Wordsworth, one of the founders of the Romantic Movement in England and one of the Lake Poets. ... Julian Cope (born Julian David Cope, on 21 October 1957) is an Welsh rock musician, writer, antiquary, musicologist, poet and forward-thinker who came to prominence as singer of Liverpool post-punk band The Teardrop Explodes in 1978. ... David Hemmings in Blowup David Hemmings (18 November 1941 – 3 December 2003) was an English movie actor and director, whose most famous role was the photographer in Michelangelo Antonionis Blowup in 1966 (opposite Vanessa Redgrave), one of the films that best represented the spirit of the 1960s. ...


Local Points of Interest

  • Cherhill White Horse - 5 km (3 miles) east of central Calne, carved into the south face of Cherhill Down, in the village of Cherhill (pronounced 'Che-rhill') on the A4 Calne - Marlborough road.
Cherhill White Horse seen from Cherhill village
  • Lansdowne Monument - situated close to the summit of Cherhill Down, the 38 m high (125 ft) stone needle provides impressive views of Calne and the surrounding landscape. The mountains of South Wales and Cleeve Hill in the western Cotswolds can be seen on particularly clear days.
  • Bowood House (including the kilometre-long Bowood Lake) - an English Heritage site, is 5 km (3 miles) to the west of Calne, accessible via the village of Derry Hill.
  • Avebury stone circle & Avenue (UNESCO World Heritage Site) - Europe's largest megalithic stone circle site is 12 km (7.5 miles) east of Calne.
  • North Wessex Downs AONB - the range's highest summit is the Tan Hill-Milk Hill ridge near Allington, at 294 m (964 ft), 14.5 km (9 miles) southeast of Calne. This area is popular with hill walkers, and several hills over 250 m (820 ft) high are situated adjacent to Calne.

Surprisingly, neither Avebury or Bowood House are signposted from the town, nor is the nearby historic city of Bath or major town of Swindon, both within 30 km (19 miles) of Calne. Blackland Lakes is a large camping site on the southern edge of Calne which is popular with anglers and tourists alike. It is regarded as an ideal base for tourists wishing to visit the many and varied sites in the Calne area. The 'lakes' themselves are in fact large angling pools. Cherhill is a village in Wiltshire, England located on the A4 road between Calne and Marlborough about 90 miles west of London. ... Cherhill is a village in Wiltshire, England located on the A4 road between Calne and Marlborough about 90 miles west of London. ... Image File history File links Cherhillwhitehorse. ... Image File history File links Cherhillwhitehorse. ... This article is about the country. ... Cleeve Hill is the highest point both in the Cotswolds and in the county of Gloucestershire, at 330 metres (1083 feet). ... The Cotswolds is the name given to a range of hills in central England, sometimes called the Heart of England, a hilly area reaching over 300 m or 1000 feet. ... Bowood House from Morriss County Seats (1880). ... English Heritage is a United Kingdom government body with a broad remit of managing the historic environment of England. ... Derry Hill is a village in the English county of Wiltshire. ... Avebury Henge and Village Avebury is the site of a large henge and several stone circles in the English county of Wiltshire at grid reference SU103699, surrounding the village of Avebury (its geographical location is 51°25′43″N, 1°51′15″W). ... Swinside stone circle, in the Lake District, England. ... UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) is a specialized agency of the United Nations established in 1945. ... The North Wessex Downs Area of Outstanding Natural Beauty (AONB) is located in the English counties of Berkshire, Hampshire, Oxfordshire and Wiltshire. ... Tan Hill (Grid reference SU080640) is a hill which lies just to the north of the village of Allington in Wiltshire, England. ... Milk Hill, located near Alton Priors is the highest peak in the county of Wiltshire, England and also the highest peak along a 32 mile ridge extending all the way from the South Downs, across the southern Chilterns and into Wiltshire. ... Allington is the name of several settlements in the United Kingdom: Allington, in Dorset Allington, in Kent Allington, in Lincolnshire Allington, near Chippenham in Wiltshire Allington, near Devizes in Wiltshire Allington, near Salisbury in Wiltshire This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might... Avebury Henge and Village Avebury is the site of a large henge and several stone circles in the English county of Wiltshire at grid reference SU103699, surrounding the village of Avebury (its geographical location is 51°25′43″N, 1°51′15″W). ... Bowood House from Morriss County Seats (1880). ...


Crop Circles

Calne is also a cornerpoint of the Wiltshire crop circle triangle, which incorporates the area between Calne, Marlborough and Warminster where a large concentration of initially unexplained formations have appeared in corn fields across the area, particularly since the 1970s. A crop circle pattern. ...


The majority (if not all) of these formations have been the handiwork of local hoaxers such as the famous Alton Barnes key formation, the 5-dice pattern opposite Silbury Hill, the crucifix formation at nearby Cherhill and numerous others. Crop circle makers use rudimentary instruments (usually the 'rope and rods' method) to manifest surprisingly large and complex patterns in the fields, many of which feature designs based on fractal geometry, ancient symbology or alien landings, as well as dream-inspired designs in the case of many local formations. However, a small number of recorded crop circles continue to defy explanation, though many scientists believe that as-yet unexplained micro-meteorological conditions rather than extraterrestrial visitations or Gaiaic forces are the cause of these. A local crop circle maker believes that the so-called experts have a vested interest in maintaining the mythology surrounding crop circle culture, since many designs claimed to possess biological or 'energy' anomolies are known to have been made by a local Calne hoaxer. This person, who has worked independantly for many years, has never gone public but may release a website in the future containing all the notes and drawings used over the years. A fractal is a geometric object which can be divided into parts, each of which is similar to the original object. ... The word “symbology” appears in several English dictionaries. ... “Green people” redirects here. ... For other uses, see Gaia. ...


The small 'Silent Circle' information centre and roadside cafe at Cherhill, just to the east of Calne, is a good source of 'enlightenment' for the many visitors to the area looking for something unworldly to appear. Many people visit the area each year from all over the world in order to 'investigate' the crop circle phenomenon for themselves, especially in years which have witnessed high formation activity. There is also a popular crop circle pub called The Barge Inn at Honeystreet near Alton Barnes which offers camping on its grounds and where you can meet many self-made experts, mystics and cranks.


Calne Town F.C.

Founded in 1886, Calne Town Football Club play in the Western Football League Premier Division and finished in a respectable 5th position (of 20 teams) in the league table at the end of the 2005-2006 season. Their Bremhill View ground is located on the north side of the town close to the A3102 bypass. Calne Town F.C. ia a football club based in Calne, England. ... The Western League is a football league in the south west of England. ...


Suburbs

Quemerford, Lansdowne Park, Curzon Park, Calne Marsh, Lickhill, North End, Bentley Grove.


Twin Towns

Calne is twinned with the towns of :

Charlieu is a town in the Loire region of France. ... Eningen is a municipality in the district of Reutlingen, Baden-Württemberg, Germany. ... , Caln Township is a township in Chester County, Pennsylvania, United States. ... Capital Harrisburg Largest city Philadelphia Area  Ranked 33rd  - Total 46,055 sq mi (119,283 km²)  - Width 280 miles (455 km)  - Length 160 miles (255 km)  - % water 2. ...

Nearby Villages & Hamlets

Calne is surrounded by numerous settlements including :


Avebury Henge and Village Avebury is the site of a large henge and several stone circles in the English county of Wiltshire at grid reference SU103699, surrounding the village of Avebury (its geographical location is 51°25′43″N, 1°51′15″W). ... Blacklands is a place name. ... Bremhill is a village located between Calne and Chippenham in Wiltshire Categories: | ... Calstone is a village near to Calne in Wiltshire Categories: | ... Charlcutt is a small village in the county of Wiltshire in England. ... Cherhill is a village in Wiltshire, England located on the A4 road between Calne and Marlborough about 90 miles west of London. ... Compton Bassett is a village in Wiltshire between Calne and Cherhill with a population of approximately 250. ... Derry Hill is a village in the English county of Wiltshire. ... Foxham is a small village in the county of Wiltshire in England, situated 5 km (3 miles) to the west of the A3012 route. ... Goatacre is a village in Wiltshire situated 8 km (5 miles) north of Calne and 1 km south of Lyneham on the A3102 route. ... Heddington is a village near to Calne in Wiltshire Categories: | ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... Hilmarton is a village in North Wiltshire, in the West of England. ... Lyneham is a large village (often refered to as a small town) in northern Wiltshire located on the A3102 road between the towns of Calne and Wootton Bassett. ... Sandy Lane is a village near to Calne in Wiltshire Categories: | ... Spirthill is a small village in the county of Wiltshire in England. ... Stockley is a village near to Calne in Wiltshire Categories: | ... Studley is a small village in the county of Wiltshire in England. ... Yatesbury - village adjacent to Cherhill on the A4 road between Calne and Marlborough in Wiltshire, England RAF Yatesbury is a former RAF airfield well known to many airmen who served in the second world war. ...

Nearest Towns & Cities (centre to centre)

Statistics Population: 30,000 Ordnance Survey OS grid reference: ST919733 Administration District: North Wiltshire Shire county: Wiltshire Region: South West England Constituent country: England Sovereign state: United Kingdom Other Ceremonial county: Wiltshire Services Police force: Wiltshire Constabulary Fire and rescue: Wiltshire Fire and Rescue Service Ambulance: Great Western Post office... Arms of Devizes Devizes is a town and civil parish in the English county of Wiltshire. ... Melksham is a medium-sized English town, lying on the River Avon. ... Wootton Bassett is a small market town located west of Swindon in the English county of Wiltshire. ... It has been suggested that Corsham Railway Cutting be merged into this article or section. ... Marlborough on a Wednesday Market morning The town-centre of Marlborough Marlborough (pronounced Maulbruh - /ˈmɔːlbɹə/ in IPA) is a market town in the English county of Wiltshire on the Old Bath Road, the old main road from London to Bath. ... Location within the British Isles Trowbridge is the county town of Wiltshire, England. ... For other places with the same name, see Swindon (disambiguation). ... Bath is a city in Somerset, England most famous for its baths fed by three hot springs. ... This article is about the English city. ... Salisbury (IPA: , or — moving from RP to local dialect) is a cathedral city in Wiltshire, England. ... This article is about the country. ... , Chepstow (Welsh: Cas-gwent) is a border town straddling the Wales—England (Monmouthshire—Gloucestershire) border, situated at the confluence of the River Wye and River Severn on the Severns west bank. ...

References

  1. ^ Calne Census Information. Wiltshire Community History. Wiltshire County Council. Retrieved on 2007-04-22.
  2. ^ This Is Wiltshire (February 8 2007). Retrieved on April 23 2007.
  3. ^ This Is Wiltshire (March 8 2007). Retrieved on April 22 2007.

Wiltshire (abbreviated Wilts) is a large southern English county. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is now the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era. ... is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External Links

  • calne.org.uk


  Results from FactBites:
 
An Interview with Sir Roy Calne (2492 words)
Calne: The use of cyclosporine was a watershed in transplantation.
Calne: There is a reasonable consensus among surgeons as to the techniques for transplanting a heart, lungs, kidney, and liver.
Calne: Imagine an analogy with a football match: you want the match to take place and, at the end of it, for the two teams to shake hands and be friends.
Calne: Economic history | British History Online (13006 words)
Within Calne parish there were several sets of open fields, and there was extensive meadow land and pasture, much of which was commonable.
Bacon curing was the principal industry in Calne from the later 19th century to the late 20th.
Calne was a centre for retail trades in the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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