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Encyclopedia > Callinicus (Exarch of Ravenna)

Callinicus or Kallinikos (Καλλίνικος in Greek) was the exarch of Ravenna (597602 or 603). He is called Gallicinus by some historians because the great Lombard historian Paul the Deacon calls him Gallicini patricii [1], which in English is the patrician Gallicinus [2]. The Exarchate of Ravenna was a center of Byzantine power in Italy, from the end of the 6th century to 751 A.D., when the last Exarch was put to death by the Emperors enemies in Italy, the Lombards. ... Events Saint Augustine is created Archbishop of Canterbury. ... Events Phocas kills Byzantine Emperor Maurice I and makes himself emperor Beginning of a series of wars between the Byzantine Empire and the Sassanids Births Muawiyah, founder of the Umayyad Dynasty of caliphs (approximate date) Xuanzang, famous Chinese Buddhist monk. ... Events Battle of Degsastan: Aethelfrith of Northumbria defeats Aedan of Dalriada. ... The Lombards (Latin Langobardi, from which the alternative name Longobards found in older English texts), were a Germanic people originally from northern Europe that entered the late Roman Empire. ... Paul the Deacon (c. ...

The first few years of his administration were marked by relatively good fortune. In 598 an armistice between the Byzantines and the Lombards was made, and in the following year a formal peace of two years' time was recognized, where the Lombards were acknowledged as sovereign rulers of their holdings. Around the year 602, Callinicus attempted to renew the peace, at the same time kidnapping the Lombard king Agilulf's daughter and her husband in order to gain greater negotiating leverage. Instead, Agilulf invaded Imperial Italy, destroying Padua and capturing Monselice. Shortly afterwards Callinicus died and was succeeded by Smaragdus. Events Aethelfrith of Northumbria possibly defeats the northern British in a major battle at Catraeth. ... Byzantine Empire is the term conventionally used to describe the Roman Empire during the Middle Ages, centered around its capital in Constantinople. ... Agilulf was duke of Turin and Lombard king of Italy. ... Location within Italy Tronco Maestro Riviera: a pedestrian walk along a section of the inland waterway or naviglio interno of Padua The city of Padua (Lat. ... Smaragdus was Exarch of Ravenna (585-589, 603-611). ...



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