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Encyclopedia > Californian Hindu textbook controversy

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A controversy in the US state of California concerning the portrayal of Hinduism in history textbooks began in 2005. Christian, Jewish, Muslim and Hindu groups complained that their religions were in part incorrectly or negatively portrayed. A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states which have membership of the federation known as the United States of America (USA or U.S.). The separate state governments and the U.S. federal government share sovereignty. ... This article is about the U.S. state. ... hinduism also involves the exchange of male pun. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ... The word Jew ( Hebrew: יהודי) is used in a wide number of ways, but generally refers to a follower of the Jewish faith, a child of a Jewish mother, or someone of Jewish descent with a connection to Jewish culture or ethnicity and often a combination... There is also a collection of Hadith called Sahih Muslim A Muslim (Arabic: مسلم, Persian: Mosalman or Mosalmon Urdu: مسلمان, Turkish: Müslüman, Albanian: Mysliman, Bosnian: Musliman) is an adherent of the religion of Islam. ... This article discusses the adherents of Hinduism. ...

The Texas based Vedic Foundation (VF) and the American Hindu Education Foundation (HEF) complained to California's Curriculum Commission, saying the coverage in sixth grade history textbooks of Indian history and Hinduism was biased against Hinduism, and demanding that the portrayal be revised according to the views of Hinduism and Indian history allegedly shared by most Hindus and Indians.[citation needed] For other uses, see Texas (disambiguation). ... The Vedic Foundation is a project of the Barsana Dham temple at Austin, Texas formed in 2003. ... Two textbooks A textbook is a book that strives to teach a student about a particular discipline, usually academic, and they are usually divided into chapters based on subject area. ...



Christian, Jewish, Islamic and the two Hindu groups submitted their edits in autumn 2005. After intensive scholarly discussions, over 500 changes proposed by Jewish and Christian groups and 100 changes proposed by Muslims were accepted by the California Department of Education (CDE) and the State Board of Education (SBE); these scholarly discussions extended to Jan. 6, 2006. Some of the Hindu edits, which were submitted for the first time, met with opposition.[3] [1]

The Californian Standards for Evaluating Instructional Materials for Social Content contain the guiding principles for the textbooks.[2]

They say: "The standards will be achieved by depicting, when appropriate, the diversity of religious beliefs held in the United States and California, as well as in other societies, without displaying bias toward or prejudice against any of those beliefs or religious beliefs in general."[3]
They also say: "No religious belief or practice may be held up to ridicule and no religious group may be portrayed as inferior.", and "Any explanation or description of a religious belief or practice should be presented in a manner that does not encourage or discourage belief or indoctrinate the student in any particular religious belief."[4]

Opposition to the edits of the two Hindu foundations

Late in the process, Michael E. J. Witzel, a Harvard Sanskrit professor "unexpectedly intervened".[5] Witzel, along with his collaborator Steve Farmer, was informed about the edits proposed by VF and HEF by a person claiming to be a graduate student of Indian origin at a California university. Witzel wrote a letter to the California Board of Education, protesting against the changes [4]. He suggested that the matter be discussed publicly, and that professional advice be taken by the Board. The letter was supported by the signatures of 47 academics in the field of Asian Studies from all over the world. Michael Witzel (born July 18, 1943 at Schwiebus, Poland) is Wales Professor of Sanskrit at Harvard University, United States. ...

Dan Golden of the Wall Street Journal described the developments as follows: [5] The Wall Street Journal is an influential international daily newspaper published in New York City, New York with an average daily circulation of 1,800,607 (2002). ...

"The game wasn't over. Other Hindu groups — including members of the 'untouchables' caste — entered the fray on Mr. Witzel's behalf. The Dalit Freedom Network, an advocacy group for untouchables, wrote to the education board that the proposed Vedic and Hindu Education Foundation changes reflected "a view of Indian history that softens...the violent truth of caste-based discrimination in India.... Do not allow politically-minded revisionists to change Indian history."

The Dalit Freedom Network is not, in fact, a "Hindu group" but part of a Colorado based Christian missionary organization run by Dr. Joseph D'Souza, leader of the "All India Christian Council". Dalit Freedom Network is an evangelical Christian organization whose official mission is to The Dalit Freedom Network exists to empower the Dalits in their quest for social freedom and human dignity by networking human, financial, and informational resources. ... Official language(s) English Capital Denver Largest city Denver Largest metro area Denver-Aurora Metro Area Area  Ranked 8th  - Total 104,185 sq mi (269,837 km²)  - Width 280 miles (451 km)  - Length 380 miles (612 km)  - % water 0. ... For other uses, see Christian (disambiguation). ...

He later sent a letter to the Board of Education on behalf of the Dalit Freedom Network. It was co-signed by Udit Raj and Kancha Ilaiah, ([6]) both prominent Indian critics of Hinduism.[7][8] Further letters of support came from Christian missionary organizations like National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights, the Dalit Shakti Kendra, and the Dalit Solidarity Forum in the USA.([9]) Dalit groups that testified before the SBE in January and February 2006, and are on public record in California, include those with Buddhist Ambedkarite backgrounds, such as the Ambedkar Centre for Justice and Peace, Indian Buddhist Association of America, New Republic India, as well as Californian Dalit Sikh temples such as the Guru Ravi Dass Gurdwara.[10]. Udit Raj (born Ram Raj 1st Jan 1958, Ramnagar, Distt. ... Wikiquote has a collection of quotations related to: Kancha Ilaiah Kancha Ilaiah is the Chairman of the Political Science department at Osmania University, a social activist and author. ... National Campaign on Dalit Human Rights is a human rights organization established in 1998 to work for the improvement of the rights of dalits or untouchables in India. ... Dalit Shakti Kendra is a project of Navsarjan Trust, a Christian missionary organization headed by Martin Macwan working among the Dalits. ... In South Asias caste system, a Dalit; often called an untouchable; is a person of shudra; the lowest of the four castes. ... Neo-Buddhism is a modern Buddhist revivalist movement in India. ...

The edits proposed by the VF and HEF were also opposed by a group of organizations that included the Friends of South Asia (FOSA), the Coalition against Communalism (CAC), the Federation of Tamil Sangams in North America,[11] Non Resident Indians for a Secular and Harmonious India, the Vaishnava Center for Enlightenment, and the Indian American Public Education Advisory Council (IPAC). Friends of South Asia (FOSA) is an organization of some Indians and Pakistanis based in Palo Alto. ... Coalition against Communalism is an Bay area organization formed in 1992 in the wake of the Babri Masjid demolition in Ayodhya, according to its web-site. ... The Federation of Tamil Sangams in North America (FeTNA, established 1987) is an umbrella organization of many (but not all) local North American Tamil diaspora organizations. ... The subject of this article may not satisfy the notability guideline or one of the following guidelines for inclusion on Wikipedia: Biographies, Books, Companies, Fiction, Music, Neologisms, Numbers, Web content, or several proposals for new guidelines. ...

Forty-seven professional South Asian scholars from universities all over the world and some major American Departments of South Asian Studies[12] as well as some 150 Indian American professors -signed the original letter of opposition to the proposals of the two Foundations. Seventeen members of the California Legislature wrote a letter of support for the scholars.[6] These documents have been made available on the website of the South Asia Faculty Network.[7] According to its website, the South Asia Faculty Network is an an internet resource center for educating faculty, students, and the larger public about contemporary South Asian social, economic, and political issues. ...

Soon after Witzel's intervention, Viji Sundaram, a reporter for India-West [8], wrote that the scholarly consensus behind Prof. Witzel's petition was likely to have influenced the Board of Education's decision to review the changes suggested by the Hindu groups. Another reporter, Rachel McMurdie of the Milpitas Post, pointed out the parentage and close links between the VF and HEF and the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh as well as the Hindu Swayamsevak Sangh, the American branch of the Indian organization RSS.[9][10] ANG Newspapers (Alameda Newspaper Group), based in Oakland, California, is a subisidary of the Denver, Colorado based MediaNews Group. ... The Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (Hindi: , English: ), also known as the Sangh or the RSS, is a Hindu nationalist organization in India. ... Hindu Swayemsevak Sangh (Union of Self-Reliant Hindus) is a socio-religious public organization that engages in community activities, social services and religious work amongst the adherents of Hinduism across the world. ...

The State Board of Education decides

After extensive further discussion of the Jewish, Christian, Muslim and Hindu edits by specialized scholars on Jan. 6, and after several public SBE meetings, a decision was reached on 27 February 2006. After listening to 3 hours of public comment and after receiving 1500 pages of written comment, a five member panel of the Board adopted a recommendation of accepting the actions on the edits proposed by the staff of the California Department of Education (CDE).[11] The subcommittee approved some 70 changes but it rejected proposed revisions from VF and HEF on monotheism, women's rights, the caste system and migration theories.[12][citation needed]

On 8 March 2006, the full Board agreed with the February 27 decision, voting (9 to zero, 2 abstentions) to reaffirm only the changes approved on February 27, and to overturn the rest of the changes suggested by the HEF and VF, with two exceptions: the Aryan Migration Theory would be mentioned as disputed by scholars, and the Vedas would be referred to as sacred texts, rather than songs or poems. Most parties expressed qualified satisfaction with the decision; however, the Hindu American Foundation (HAF), that had not participated in the revisions, threatened the board with a lawsuit[13][14][15].[16]. The Hindu American Foundation (HAF) is a human rights group whose purpose is to provide a voice for the 2 million strong Hindu American community. ...

Ruth Green, past president of the SBE, said that the ruling "represents our best efforts. Many ideological fault lines have played out here. These beliefs are deeply held."[17].

A PR firm hired by the VF and the HEF alleged that, "What is at stake here is the embarrassment and humiliation that these Hindu children (in America) continue to face because of the way textbooks portray their faith and culture."[18] Janeshwari Devi of VF said that "The two foundations submitted about 500 proposed changes, and more than 80 percent were not approved." [19].

Examples of changes

The full text of changes proposed by the CDE after deliberations extending to January and February 2006, and subsequently adopted by SBE on March 8,2006 is available at [20]

Friends of South Asia, a group opposing the HEF and the VF, took issue with several of the earlier edits. [21], including the removal of sentences from the textbooks that claimed that men had more rights than women, and the editing of other sentences dealing with the caste system. The Hindu Education Foundation responded by pointing out that several of the edits relating to untouchability — though not all of the ones FOSA objected to — were approved by the Witzel group. [22]. FOSA also pointed out that the HEF and VF did not object to several sections referring to untouchability in all the textbooks.[13] Friends of South Asia (FOSA) is an organization of some Indians and Pakistanis based in Palo Alto. ... The word Caste is derived from the Portuguese word casta, meaning lineage, breed or race. ... In South Asias caste system, an untouchable, dalit, or achuta is a person outside of the four castes, and considered below them. ...


HAF case

On March 10, 2006, the HAF declared it would sue.[23]. It did so at Sacramento on March 16.

An emergency hearing to consider a temporary restraining order applied for by HAF was set for March 21; it was dismissed by the judge. A motion for a preliminary injunction filed by the HAF against the California State Board of Education (SBE) to stop the printing and distribution of several textbooks was heard and dismissed on April 21, 2006 in the California Superior Court.[24] According to a scanned copy of the court transcript distributed by FOSA, Superior Court Judge Patrick Marlette stated that "I am not convinced that Petitioner HAF has carried their burden to show the likelihood that they would succeed on the merits, particularly on the issue of content."[25] The HAF responded to reports of the dismissal with a press release critical of "errors in media coverage," reaffirming their "commitment to their legal action to ensure that California school textbooks accurately and equitably depict Hinduism," and explaining that "this particular denial has no bearing on the ultimate outcome of the case."[26]. The Hindu American Foundation (HAF) is a human rights group whose purpose is to provide a voice for the 2 million strong Hindu American community. ...

However, the court put aside these protestations and on September 1, 2006, the HAF case has been resolved. The court has ruled in favour of retaining the textbooks as approved by SBE in March 2006, providing extensive discussion and justification of the most contended issues (Women's rights, Dalits, Aryan invasion, Hinduism as monotheistic religion) [27], while also noting that the approval process adopted by the board had not sufficiently been updated to recent changes int California laws. [28] HAF has launched a circular confirming the decision by the courts and expressing a certain measure of satisfaction at the recognition of the illegality of the proceedings[29]. The brief published by HAF reports that the judge ruled in favor of retaining the edits on the grounds that he did not wish to disrupt the process of disseminating the revised editions at this stage. The legal team of HAF has posted an assessment of the result[30].

Mihir Meghani, President of the Hindu American Foundation, described the judgement as a "mixed victory". He says:

"This ruling now forces the California Board of Education to comply with the law — to have a fair and open public process to benefit all California students."[31]

as well as:

"The (foundation) is disappointed that ... (the judge) has not ordered the textbooks on hand to be modified to be more accurate ... and a flawed and illegal procedure leads to flawed textbooks"[32]

Shalini Gara, a member of the Friends of South Asia Organization, which opposed the lawsuit, also claimed victory Friday evening.

"The judge has upheld that the texts will stay as they are, and that is good news for us because we thought they were historically accurate and we were bothered that the (Hindu American Foundation) wanted less importance to be given to negative aspects of Hinduism."[33]

Following its partial success in the lawsuit, the Hindu American Foundation has reached an agreement with California's State Board of Education. The SBE has agreed, as commonly done in split decisions, to pay part of HAF's legal costs for the 2006 lawsuit.[34]


The "California Parents for Equalization of Educational Materials" (CAPEEM), a group founded specifically for the Californian schoolbook case after SBE's March 8 decision, filed a separate lawsuit in a Federal Court in Sacramento on March 14.

The Counsel for the officials of the State Board of Education (SBE) and the California Department of Education (CDE) rejected the validity of CAPEEM's claims, and while the Court rejected a case against SBE and CDE due to existing legal rules, Judge Frank C. Damrell of the US District Court in the Eastern District Court of California allowed, on August 11/September 28, 2006, a reformulated case to go ahead against some individual members of SBE and CDE. [35]

The complaint was filed by Venkat Balasubramani, an attorney who has worked in the past with public interest groups, including ACLU, on civil rights matters[36]. The American Civil Liberties Union, or ACLU, is a non_governmental organization devoted to defending civil rights and civil liberties in the United States. ...

As of June 2007, the case still is in the Discovery phase, and CAPEEM announced it will request documents from the SBE and CDE, and subpoena various interested parties to strengthen its case.

See also

It has been suggested that Anti-racist mathematics be merged into this article or section. ... Within the diverse traditions of Hinduism, creation of the universe and life itself is generally believed to have occurred due to the will of a supreme consciousness or intelligence, often referred to as Brahman[1]. The accounts of the emergence of life within the universe vary in description, but classically... NCERT Logo The National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) is an apex resource organisation set up by the Government of India, with headquarters at New Delhi, to assist and advise the Central and State Governments on academic matters related to school education. ... Tammy Kitzmiller, et al. ... The Dalitstan Organization is an anti-Brahminanism organisation that advocates misdeeds done by brahmins agains Dalits in India. ... Haqeeqat (हक़ीक़त, meaning reality) is the Hindi translation of a controversial book by a Kerala-based evangelist M.G. Mathew. ...


  1. ^ California Curriculum Commission Accepts Most Hindu Changes to Sixth Grade Textbooks Hindu Press International
  2. ^ Developed by the Curriculum Frameworks and Instructional Resources Division California Department of Education Adopted by the California State Board of Education Published by the California Department of Education (2001)
  3. ^ Standards for Evaluating Instructional Materials for Social Content Developed by the Curriculum Frameworks and Instructional Resources Division California Department of Education Adopted by the California State Board of Education Published by the California Department of Education (2001)
  4. ^ Standards for Evaluating Instructional Materials for Social Content Developed by the Curriculum Frameworks and Instructional Resources Division California Department of Education Adopted by the California State Board of Education Published by the California Department of Education (2001)
  5. ^ New Battleground In Textbook Wars: Religion in History The Wall Street Journal
  6. ^ Opening the safety valve WORLD Magazine
  7. ^ Dalits convert to Islam, Buddhism and Christianity The Milli Gazette
  8. ^ The Rediff Interview/Dr Kancha Ilaiah Rediff
  9. ^ Letters supporting FOSA/CAC's position on the California textbook controversy Friends of South Asia
  10. ^ [1] Friends of South Asia
  11. ^ Letter to California State Board Federation of Tamil Sangams of North America
  12. ^ South Asia Area Center Title VI Report on California Textbooks Unknown
  13. ^ “California Vistas, Ancient Civilizations”, by Macmillan/McGraw Hill – , “Ancient Civilizations” by Harcourt School Publishers, “Ancient Civilizations” by Holt, “Ancient Civilizations” by McGraw Hill, Glencoe., “History Alive, the Ancient World” by Teachers’ Curriculum Institute, Houghton Mifflin and McDougel Littell, “The Ancient South Asian World” by Oxford University Press-[2].

External links

  • Standards for evaluating instructional materials for social content (California Department of Education; for Religion : Code 60044)
  • The changes approved by the Ad Hoc committee Sept.28-Oct. 30
  • Review of criticism of Hindu edits by CRP (Dr.s Witzel, Heitzman, Wolpert), Nov. 2005 By Hindu Education Foundation
  • List of Proposed Edits To California 6th Grade Ancient History Texts with Recommendations of the CRP (Dr.s Witzel, Heitzman, Wolpert) Dr. Bajpai's opinion on these recommendations
  • [37] Decisions of the Curriculum Commission, since rescinded, of December 2, 2005
  • [38] Agenda for March 8, 2006
  • [39] Final edits as proposed by the Dept. of Education
  • [40] Final edits as proposed by the Dept. of Education and accepted by the sub-Committee, Board of Education, Feb. 27, 2006
  • [41] Board of Education, Meeting agenda for March 8, 2006, Item19
  • Vedic Foundation (VF) website
  • California Parents for Equalization of Educational Materials (CAPEEM)
  • California 2005 History-Social Science Textbook Adoption
  • Hindu Education Foundation (HEF) website
  • Need for School Textbook Corrections
  • Discrimination and California School Textbook
  • Watch ESHI presentation on misrepresentation in School textbooks
  • The Hindu American Foundation (HAF)
  • South Asian Faculty Network, USA
  • Friends of South Asia
  • Indian American Public Education Advisory Council (IPAC)

Image File history File links Broom_icon. ...

Press coverage

Listings of coverage by involved organisations

  • California textbook controversy Links to some articles representing both sides of the debate, by Pluralism Project, Harvard Univ.
  • [42] A tribute to Hinduism
  • California Textbook Episode Articles by Vishal Agarwal, Kalavai Venkat, and others
  • Internet Resources On California Hindu Textbook Controversy Let India Develop
  • [43] Friends of South Asia (FOSA)
  • California Textbooks Spark Hinduism Row, 12/16/05 India Abroad, p. A1
  • California Textbooks Spark Hinduism Row, 12/16/05 India Abroad, p. A10

Friends of South Asia (FOSA) is an organization of some Indians and Pakistanis based in Palo Alto. ...

Coverage In the American press

  • Judge: Process flawed, textbooks will remain
  • India history spat hits US Christian Science Monitor [44] [45] By Scott Baldauf
  • New Battleground In Textbook Wars: Religion in History Wall Street Journal, Jan. 25.2006 (Front Page article) [46] By Daniel Golden
  • Hindu Groups Seek Change in Calif. Texts UPI (United Press International) Science Daily, 1/26/06.
  • Hindu history ignites brawl over textbooks By Deepa Ranganathan Sacramento Bee
  • Opponents of Hindu depictions want to rewrite textbook history By Rachel MacMurdie Milpitas Post
  • Religion in History Books: Who Should Control the Text? By Jessica Snyder American Association of Collegiate Registrar's and Admissions Officers (AACRAO)
  • Battling the Past. Indian parents and scholars go to war over how Hindu history is taught in California schools by Vrinda Normand
  • Scholars, faithful debate textbooks' portrayal of Hinduism. State to hear opinions on proposed changes by Lisa M. Krieger, Feb. 18,2006
  • Hindu groups launch defense fund. State's proposed textbook changes due out this week, with foundations set to fight how ancient India is presented by Jonathan Jones
  • Textbook edits upset area Hindus. Local group threatens lawsuit against state if education board approves proposed changes by Jonathan Jones, Feb. 26, 2006
  • A Textbook Debate Over Hinduism by Teresa Watanabe, Feb 27, 2006 Los Angeles Times*Panel Suggests Revising Textbooks by Teresa Watanabe, Feb 28, 2006 Los Angeles Times
  • Panel resists textbook changes by Lisa M. Krieger, Feb. 28, 2006
  • Groups seeking textbook revisions Lessons on life in ancient India stir education hearing by Charles Burress
  • Textbook proposals rankle some Hindus by Deepa Ranganathan
  • Textbook edits sent to state board. Panel to vote March 8; Hindu groups continue to debate interpretation of India's history by Jonathan Jones
  • Committee sends textbook edits to state board. Hindu groups fail to get mention of castes deleted from history of India The Daily Review, by Jonathan Jones March 1, 2006
  • History in California is a painful subject. At the epicenter between parents, Hindu groups and the California State Board of Education are the children. Science & Theology News, by Chhavi Sachdev, March 3, 2006
  • Board of Education rejects controversial edits of textbooks. Hindu groups push for changes to representation of Indian history by Sawsan Morrar
  • Board of Education approves some Hindu changes to textbooks Associated Press & Mercury News, by Juliet Williams, March 9, 2006
  • Panel approves textbook changes. Hindu groups satisfied with corrections to Vedas, Aryan invasion wording The Argus; by Jonathan Jones, March 9, 2006
  • Vote on textbooks upsets some Hindus. Changes they sought rejected by board San Jose Mercury News. by Lisa M. Krieger March 9, 2006
  • Textbook depictions frustrate Hindus. Education board keeps language that describes caste system, migrational history and polytheism in the ancient religion Knight Ridder Newspapers/ Contra Costa Times, by Lisa M. Krieger, March 9. 2006
  • Hindu groups lose fight to change textbooks. But decision by state Board of Education is supported by some Hindu Americans San Francisco Chronicle, by Charles Burress] Chronicle, March 10, 2006
  • Hindu group to sue over texts.State-approved history books misrepresent India's history, organization contends The Argus, by Jonathan Jones, March 10, 2006
  • [47] After Letter, Prof. Gets Hate E-mail. Harvard Crimson - Cambridge, MA, USA, by Lulu Zhou
  • Text edits skew Indian history Stanford Daily. By Jenny Allen, March 15, 2006
  • Hindu Group Files Lawsuit to Stop Sixth Grade Textbook Religion News, 03/20/06
  • [48] Los Angeles Times A new chapter in Hinduism, by Swati Pandey, March 20, 2006
  • Hindu group's motion to block texts denied. Judge's decision clears way for publication of sixth-grade history books By Jonathan Jones 04/26/2006

The Sacramento Bee is a daily newspaper published in Sacramento, California. ... ANG Newspapers (Alameda Newspaper Group), based in Oakland, California, is a subisidary of the Denver, Colorado based MediaNews Group. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... This just IN !!!:paris hiltons new dog. ... Vol. ...

Coverage on Radio and TV

  • Culture war brewing over state texbooks about Hinduism CBS San Francisco, Feb. 24. 2006
  • [49] CBS Ch. 5
  • [50] CBS Ch.5 KPIX
  • Hindu Parents Challenge California Textbooks by Richard Gonzales
  • Both sides of the controversy with UCLA Professor of History and Asian Studies Vinay Lal and Cal State Northridge Professor Emeritus of Ancient Indian History Shiva Bajpai KPCC Pasadena/Los Angeles, Air Talk, March 1
  • Calif. Textbooks Spark New Religious Debate: S. Bajpai and M.Witzel National Public Radio, Talk of the Nation, March 1, 2006
  • Fight Ensues Over Student Textbook. Teaching Of Hinduism At Center Of Debate - KGO -TV at DF Oakland San Jose, 3/8/06. By Lyanne Melendez

Coverage by the Indian-American Press

  • Editorial by V Sundaram-Newstoday.net
  • India-Forum
  • [51] Interview M.Witzel Rediff/India Abroad
  • Suhag Shukla: 'I am not for rewriting Hinduism' Rediff
  • My California Vacation, Vijay Prashad Counterpunch Magazine, 1/1, 06
  • Yankee Hindutva: Indian "Jim Crow" in Victim Garb Dissident Voice
  • Now, Hindu Nationalists Rewriting California Textbooks. Angana Chatterji Dissident Voice
  • Textbooks and Hinduism -- Why Accuracy Matters By Viji Sundaram, New America Media
  • Yankee Hindutva: Indian "Jim Crow" in Victim Garb Dissident Voice
  • India Herald: Hindu Activists partially succeeds India Herald
  • Prof. Ramesh Rao: Whose religion is it anyway? New Insight
  • Who are opposing the Hindu initiative to end discrimination in California textbooks? India Post
  • California Paadangalil Hindu Madham: Oru Charchai"[The Hindu Religion in California Textbooks: A Controversy. Mani M. Manivannan Thendral Magazine, Jan 2006
  • Hindu text case: Legal aid sought, by Suman Guha Mozumder India Abroad, January 30, 2006
  • 'We have to remain sensitive to how a sixth grader will take this education' by Ela Dutt News India Times, Feb. 17. 2006
  • 'Religious beliefs of small sectarian groups don't belong in history textbooks' News India Times, Feb. 17, 2006
  • California Board of Education Committee Schedules Meeting for Final Textbook Review Hinduism Today Feb. 15, 2006
  • History Hungama: The California Textbook Debate - By Sunaina Maira and Raja Swamy The Siliconeer, Feb. 18.2006
  • Panel Accepts Some Textbook Edits After Compromise India West March 3, 2006
  • Hindu organizations in India, RSS and VHP — sought to inject their narrow sectarian view of ancient Indian History in California school textbooks PR Web — Ferndale, WA, USA , March 2006
  • [52] India West
  • Hindu groups sue California Board of Education Refiff. By Suman Guha Mozumder. March 19, 2006

Press coverage in India

  • Interview with HAF counsel Suhag A Shukla-Rediff.com
  • Endemic discrimination against Hindus Rajeev Srinivasan
  • The Hindutva deluge in California Hindustan Times
  • Now, Indian history textbooks raise a storm in California Times of India 17 January 2006
  • US text row resolved by Indian Times of India, 9 September 2006
  • Diaspora depressed over deception Organiser
  • Yes, 'secular' US seems kinder to Hindus than ‘secular’ India by S. Gurumurthy. Newindpress
  • A saffron assault abroad Frontline Mag.
  • International Re-written history raises intellectual temper in California Outlook Mag.
  • Hindu groups seek change in Calif. texts New Kerala
  • Hindutva goes to school Tehelka Febr.4
  • Contention. Now, Multicultural Hindutva. By Raju Rajagopal Outlook, Feb 07, 2007
  • 'Palpable Falsehoods' by Vinay Lal Outlook Feb 07, 2006
  • Text Book Controversy 'A Victory For Community Organizations' Outlook Feb. 28.2006
  • Sunset in Sacramento The Pioneer, by Sandhya Jain
  • Hindu Foundation Sues California Board of Education The Deccan Herald 03/20/06
  • US rejects 'Hindutva lessons' Times of India. By Percy Fernandez, March 20, 2006
  • Textbook trial
  • Hindu organisation flays US court's decision on textbooks Rediff.com
  • Vishal Agarwal, Misrepresentation of Ancient India in American School Textbooks, History Today, Journal of the Indian History and Culture Society, Vol 7 (2006-2007); pp. 72-89.



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