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Encyclopedia > California Republic
California Republic

1846

Flag of California This article is about the country in North America. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico_(1823-1864,_1867-1968). ... Image File history File links US_flag_28_stars. ... Motto: (Out Of Many, One) (traditional) In God We Trust (1956 to date) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington D.C. Largest city New York City None at federal level (English de facto) Government Federal constitutional republic  - President George Walker Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence from... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ...


The Bear Flag The modern Bear Flag of California The flag of California was first flown during the Bear Flag Revolt as the flag of the California Republic, and a modified version was then adopted by the California state legislature in 1911 as the state flag. ...

Capital Sonoma, California
Language(s) English and Spanish (de facto)
Government Republic
President William B. Ide
History
 - Independence from Mexico June 14, 1846
 - Annexation by the United States of America July 9, 1846

The California Republic, also called the Bear Flag Republic, was the result of a revolt by Californios on June 14, 1846, in the town of Sonoma against the authorities of the Mexican province of California; the Republic lasted less than a month. The republic eventually became the present-day state of the California. Throughout the world there are many cities that were once national capitals but no longer have that status because the country ceased to exist, the capital was moved, or the capital city was renamed. ... Sonoma City Hall in the town plaza Sonoma is a historically significant town in Sonoma Valley, Sonoma County, California, USA. Sonoma is centered around its historic town plaza, a remnant of the towns Spanish colonial past. ... The English language is a West Germanic language that originates in England. ... De facto is a Latin expression that means in fact or in practice. It is commonly used as opposed to de jure (meaning by law) when referring to matters of law or governance or technique (such as standards), that are found in the common experience as created or developed without... Look up republic in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... President is a title held by many leaders of organizations, companies, trade unions, universities, and countries. ... William Brown Ide (March 28, 1796 - December 1852) was a California pioneer and president of the short-lived California Republic. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Ceremonies during the annexation of Hawaii. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 165th day of the year (166th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... Sonoma City Hall in the town plaza Sonoma is a historically significant town in Sonoma Valley, Sonoma County, California, USA. Sonoma is centered around its historic town plaza, a remnant of the towns Spanish colonial past. ... Californias Yosemite Valley. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ...

Contents

Bear Flag Revolt

U.S. Army Captain John C. Frémont had spread rumors of impending action against settlers by the Mexican government and encouraged rebellion. A group of thirty-three men strode into the Sonoma town center, and raised a flag with a bear and star on it (the "Bear Flag") to symbolize a new California Republic, independent from Mexico. This use of the flag led these actions to be dubbed the "Bear Flag Revolt." John Charles Frémont (January 21, 1813 – July 13, 1890), was an American military officer, explorer, the first candidate of the Republican Party for the office of President of the United States, and the first presidential candidate of a major party to run on a platform in opposition to slavery. ... The modern Bear Flag of California The flag of California was first flown during the Bear Flag Revolt as the flag of the California Republic, and a modified version was then adopted by the California state legislature in 1911 as the state flag. ...


That same day, the men captured the former Mexican Commandante of Northern California, General Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo, who was the leader of a private military company at the Presidio of Sonoma. Vallejo was taken prisoner and sent to Sutter's Fort where he was imprisoned through August 1, 1846. The Republic's first and only president was William B. Ide[1], whose term lasted twenty-five days. On June 23, 1846, Frémont arrived with his force of sixty soldiers and took over command of the combined forces. The Mexican governor was concerned, and he sent 50 troops to attack the Bear Flaggers. General Jose Castro attempted to the stop the revolt, but his forces were sorely defeated at the Battle of Olompilai. Don Mariano Guadeloupe Vallejo (4 July 1807 - 18 January 1890) was a Californian military commander, politician, and rancher. ... This mission was established in 1836 by Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo (the Commanclate-General of the Northern Frontier of Alta California) as a part of Mexicos strategy to halt Russian incursions into the region. ... 19th century illustration of Sutters Fort Started in 1839, Sutters Fort, which was originally called New Helvetia[1] (New Switzerland) by its builder, John Sutter, was a 19th century agricultural and trading colony in California. ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... William Brown Ide (March 28, 1796 - December 1852) was a California pioneer and president of the short-lived California Republic. ... is the 174th day of the year (175th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ...


Unknown to the men, war had already been declared on May 13, 1846 between the United States and Mexico, but the news took until mid-July 1846 to reach California: On July 7, 1846 a frigate (Savannah) and two sloops (Cyane and Levant) of the U.S. Navy, commanded by John D. Sloat, routed the detachment of the Mexican Coast Guard garrisoning the port of Monterey, California[2] [3] in a minor skirmish (the Battle of Monterey), and alerted Frémont and his men that the Mexican-American War had begun. In response the "Bear Flaggers" abandoned the idea of the Republic, and joined the efforts to make California part of the United States. They replaced their flag with the Stars and Stripes. Ide was demoted from president to private in the "California Battalion" controlled by Frémont. Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia José Mariá Flores Strength 78,790 soldiers 18,000–40,000 soldiers Casualties KIA: 1733 Total dead: 13,271 Wounded: 4,152 25,000 killed or wounded... is the 133rd day of the year (134th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... is the 188th day of the year (189th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... For the bird, see Frigatebird. ... The second USS Savannah was a frigate in the United States Navy. ... USS Constellation, a United States Navy sloop-of-war. ... The second USS Cyane was a sloop in the United States Navy during the Mexican-American War. ... The first Levant was a second-class sloop-of-war in the United States Navy. ... The United States Navy (USN) is the branch of the United States armed forces responsible for naval operations. ... Commodore John D. Sloat John Drake Sloat (July 6, 1781 – November 28, 1867) was a commodore in the United States Navy and, in 1846, claimed California for the United States. ... For other uses, see Monterey (disambiguation). ... The Battle of Monterey, at Monterey, California (sometimes confused with the Battle of Monterrey, in Nuevo León), was waged on July 7, 1846, during the Mexican-American War. ... Combatants United States Mexico Commanders Zachary Taylor Winfield Scott Stephen W. Kearney Antonio López de Santa Anna Mariano Arista Pedro de Ampudia José Mariá Flores Strength 78,790 soldiers 25,000–40,000 soldiers Casualties KIA: 1733 Total dead: 13,271 Wounded: 4,152 AWOL: 9,200+ 25,000... Flag ratio: 10:19; nicknames: Stars and Stripes, Old Glory The flag of the United States of America consists of thirteen equal horizontal stripes of red (top and bottom) alternating with white; there is a blue rectangle in the upper hoist-side corner bearing 50 small, white, five-pointed stars...


Bear Flag

The most noticeable legacy of the California Republic is the adoption by the State of California of the 1846 Bear Flag as the basis of the modern state Flag of California; the modern flag also has a star, a grizzly bear, and a colored stripe and the words "California Republic" near the bottom. The original Bear Flag was destroyed in the 1906 San Francisco earthquake and fire. The site on Sonoma Plaza of the raising of the original Bear Flag is commemorated as a California Historical Landmark. Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... The modern Bear Flag of California The flag of California was first flown during the Bear Flag Revolt as the flag of the California Republic, and a modified version was then adopted by the California state legislature in 1911 as the state flag. ... For the Brooklyn-based indie rock band, see Grizzly Bear (band). ... San Francisco Earthquake redirects here. ... California Historical Landmarks (CHLs) are buildings, structures, sites, or places in the state of California that have been determined to have statewide historical significance by meeting at least one of the criteria listed below: approved for designation by the County Board of Supervisors or the City/Town Council in whose...


The Bear Flag was designed and made by William L. Todd, who was a nephew of Mary Todd Lincoln, wife of future president Abraham Lincoln. Todd painted the flag on a piece of brown cotton, roughly a yard and a half in length. The flag featured a red star imitating Texas's lone star and what he intended to be a representation of a common bear in California.[4] Mary Ann Todd Lincoln (December 13, 1818 – July 16, 1882) was the First Lady of the United States when her husband, Abraham Lincoln, served as the sixteenth President, from 1861 until 1865. ... For other uses, see Abraham Lincoln (disambiguation). ...

The original Bear Flag, photographed in 1890. The original flag was destroyed in 1906. A replica of that flag is now on display at El Presidio de Sonoma which was established in 1836 by Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo as a part of Mexico's strategy to halt Russian incursions into the region.
The original Bear Flag, photographed in 1890. The original flag was destroyed in 1906. A replica of that flag is now on display at El Presidio de Sonoma which was established in 1836 by Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo as a part of Mexico's strategy to halt Russian incursions into the region.

This photo is in the domain, and can be found on a number of websites. ... This photo is in the domain, and can be found on a number of websites. ... Year 1836 (MDCCCXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Wednesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Don Mariano Guadeloupe Vallejo (4 July 1807 - 18 January 1890) was a Californian military commander, politician, and rancher. ...

Sources

  • Bancroft, Hubert Howe The Works of Hubert Howe Bancroft, History of California vol 22 (1886)
  • Rice, Richard B. et al., The elusive Eden: A new history of California (2001) ch 7.

See also

A proposed flag for the California secession movement The movement for Californian independence is a minor political movement in the U.S. state of California. ... A field of California golden poppies circa 1910. ... The modern Bear Flag of California The flag of California was first flown during the Bear Flag Revolt as the flag of the California Republic, and a modified version was then adopted by the California state legislature in 1911 as the state flag. ... Don Mariano Guadeloupe Vallejo (4 July 1807 - 18 January 1890) was a Californian military commander, politician, and rancher. ... The Legend of Zorro is a 2005 sequel to 1998s The Mask of Zorro, both directed by Martin Campbell. ...

References

  1. ^ William B. Ide Adobe SHP
  2. ^ Commodore John Sloat
  3. ^ History
  4. ^ The California Bear Flag

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
California Republic - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (347 words)
The California Republic was proclaimed on June 14, 1846 when a group of thirty-three Americans captured the town of Sonoma and declared independence from Mexico.
Though the Republic's Constitution was never repealed, the state of California was admitted to the federal Union two years later.
A significant legacy of the California Republic is the State of California's adoption of the flag (which has a grizzly bear, and the words "California Republic" near the bottom) as the State Flag of California.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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