FACTOID # 29: 73.3% of America's gross operating surplus in motion picture and sound recording industries comes from California.
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Encyclopedia > California Proposition 14

The Rumford Fair Housing Act was a law passed in 1963 by the state of California to help end racial discrimination by property owners and landlords who refused to rent or sell their property to "colored" customers. The Act provided that landlords could not deny people housing because of ethnicity, religion, sex, marital status, physical handicap, familial status, or any other arbitrary basis. A state of the United States is any one of the fifty subnational entities referred to as a state (although four officially favor the term commonwealth) which, along with the District of Columbia, under the provisions of the United States Constitution form the United States of America. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... An African-American drinks out of a water fountain marked for colored in 1939 at a street car terminal in Oklahoma City. ...

Many of these property owners disagreed with this act. Many felt that it was too restrictive and represented unfair interference by state government in private affairs. Thus, in 1964, the California Association of Realtors sponsored Proposition 14 to counteract the effects of the Act.

The proposition was to add an amendment to the constitution of California. This amendment would provide, in part, as follows:

"Neither the State nor any subdivision or agency thereof shall deny, limit or abridge, directly or indirectly, the right of any person, who is willing or desires to sell, lease or rent any part or all of his real property, to decline to sell, lease or rent such property to such person or persons as he, in his absolute discretion, chooses."

Following much publicity the proposition gained the endorsement of many large conservative political groups, including the John Birch Society and the California Republican Assembly. As these and other groups endorsed the proposal it became increasingly more popular and the initial petition to have the proposition added to the ballot garnered over one million signatures. This was more than twice the 480,000 signatures that were required. Such overwhelming support for the proposition proved to be consistent as it was passed by a two-thirds majority vote in the 1964 California elections. To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The California Republican Party is the California affiliate of the national Republican Party. ...

It is believed that this amendment helped to fuel racial tensions which erupted during the Watts Riots of 1965. The term Watts Riots refers to a large-scale riot which lasted six days in the Watts neighborhood of Los Angeles, California, in August 1965. ...

Three years later, in 1967, the amendment was declared unconstitutional by the US Supreme Court in the case of Reitman Vs. Mulhey. The Supreme Court ruled that the amendment was in violation of the 14th Amendment to the constitution of the United States. This decision was hailed as a major victory for many groups seeking equal rights in California.



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