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Encyclopedia > Calico Jack Rackham
John Rackham
Calico Jack, an 18th century lithograph
Born unknown
unknown
Died November 17, 1720
Spanish Town, Jamaica
Occupation Pirate

John Rackham (died 17 November 1720), also known as Calico Jack Rackham or Calico Jack, was an English pirate captain during the early 18th century. His nickname was derived from the colourful calico clothes he wore. John Rackham is remembered for employing two of the most notorious female pirates of his time – Anne Bonny and Mary Read – in his crew. John Rackham and most of his crew were executed in Jamaica on 17 November 1720. Image File history File links Broom_icon. ... Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (566x740, 172 KB) Source: A General History of the Robberies and Murders of the Most Notorious Pyrates, published 1725 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Calico Jack... Lithography stone and mirror-image print of a map of Munich. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... // Events January 6 - The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings February 11 - Sweden and Prussia sign the (2nd Treaty of Stockholm) declaring peace. ... A 1774 engraving of Spanish Towns colonial offices Spanish Town is the former Spanish and English capital of Jamaica, during the 16th through 19th centuries, and is a World Heritage Site. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... // Events January 6 - The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings February 11 - Sweden and Prussia sign the (2nd Treaty of Stockholm) declaring peace. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem God Save the King (Queen) England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II  -  Prime Minister Tony Blair MP Unification  -  by Athelstan 967  Area... Look up pirate and piracy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Captain is a nautical term, an organizational title, and a rank in various uniformed organizations. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Calico is a fabric made from unbleached, and often not fully processed, cotton. ... Anne Bonny from a Dutch version of Charles Johnsons book of pirates. ... Mary Read Mary Read ( 1690–1721) was a female English pirate. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... // Events January 6 - The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings February 11 - Sweden and Prussia sign the (2nd Treaty of Stockholm) declaring peace. ...

Contents

Overview

Calico Jack was only a moderately successful pirate who is remembered mainly because of his association with the two most famous women pirates in history: Mary Read and Anne Bonny, whom all shared sexual affairs. It has been claimed he fathered their children but has not been proven.


Becoming Captain

In 1718 Jack was merely quartermaster on a ship that belonged to Charles Vane. On November 23, while at sea they encountered a French warship. Captain Vane decided to retreat rather than board the warship. The crew disagreed with his actions and a mutiny was set up against him. The crew left Vane on the shore of an unidentified beach and sailed away in a ship called called "The Treasure". They decided to make Jack their new captain. Jack later returned and successfully boarded and took over the french vessel. Quartermaster is a term usually referring to a military unit which specializes in supplying and provisioning troops, or to an individual who does the same. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... Diagrams of first and third rate warships, England, 1728 Cyclopaedia. ... Mutiny is the act of conspiring to disobey an order that a group of similarly-situated individuals (typically members of the military; or the crew of any ship, even if they are civilians) is legally obliged to obey. ...


Pirate career

The very same day he was made captain, he managed to plunder several small vessels, earning him a good reputation with the crew. Once while drinking in a local tavern, he came across a woman who went by the name of Anne Bonny. He decided to court her and after a while, asked if she would like to come along pirating with them. She agreed and dressed as a boy so the crew would take little notice in her. It is rumoured she had a child with Jack before they left but not proven true. A while passed and all went well with keeping her identity. Looting (which derives via the Hindi lut from Sanskrit lunt, to rob) is the indiscriminate taking of goods by force as part of a military or political victory, or during a catastrophy or riot, such as during war [1], natural disaster [2], rioting [3], or terrorist attack [4]. The term... Anne Bonny from a Dutch version of Charles Johnsons book of pirates. ...

Calico Jack's Jolly Roger flag.

One day they decided to raid a small merchant vessel near the West Indies. Most of the crew had been killed and they had one person cornered. They asked if the person would join their crew rather than be run through with a cutlass. With some apprehension, he agreed. Once brought aboard, it seemed Anne had taken a liking to the young man. Jack saw them always together and became very jealous. One day he decided to confront the man. He asked what was between him and Anne, and he swore it was nothing. Jack didn't believe him. So to prove nothing was between him and Anne, he decided to give Jack his true identity, which happened to be not a 'he' at all. The new sailor was, in fact, Mary Read. She told him she was a woman and showed her breasts so there was no mistake. It is said he bedded her the same day. Throughout the course of his pirate years him, Anne, Read, and Jack all had relations with each other. Image File history File links Pirate_Flag_of_Rack_Rackham. ... Image File history File links Pirate_Flag_of_Rack_Rackham. ... A generic version of the Jolly Roger. ... The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ... French naval cutlass of the 19th Century A cutlass is a short, thick saber or slashing sword, with a straight or slightly curved blade sharpened on the cutting edge, and a hilt often featuring a solid cupped or basket-shaped guard. ... Mary Read Mary Read ( 1690–1721) was a female English pirate. ...


Capture and Death

Governor Woodes Rogers had caught wind that Jack was behind the stealing of an anchored ship named 'William' in Nassau harbor. He sent two large ships with 45 men to find Jack. At this time he was busy attacking fishing vessels near Jamaica and for the next month, not knowing of his wanting, continued to do so. In early October near Nigril Bay, Captain Johnathan Barret caught up with the stolen ship that Jack was on. Jack immediately set sail trying to escape, but by ten o'clock that night, they had finally been overthrown. By now Jack and his crew were very drunk. Barret asked them to surrender and in response, the crew shot off a pistol and shouted foul words. A duel began but was hardly fought. The drunken crew was overthrown and surrendered soon after. The two women on board however were sober and fought hard not to be captured. In the end, the whole crew was caught. On November 16th, Jack and eleven of his crew men were sentenced to death by hanging in St. Jago de la Vega, Jamaica. The 17th, Jack was hanged. The women were testified as well but they 'plead their bellies' stating they were both pregnant. It has never been proven if this was true or not, but nevertheless they were sentenced to remain in jail until they had given birth. Anne witnessed Jack's hanging and had reportedly said "she was sorry to see him there, but if he had fought like a man, he need not have been hanged like a dog". Rackham's body was hanged on an island near Port Royal called Deadman's Cay, now fittingly named Rackham's Cay. Thus ended the life of the pirate Calico Jack. While he only plundered mainly local small vessels in the Caribbean, he is unique in having had not one, but two, female pirates disguised as men in his crew. An old engraving of Capt. ... // Nassau may mean the following: Place names: Nassau, Germany: a town in Rhineland-Palatinate, after which all the following are named: Nassau, Bahamas: the capital of the Bahamas Burg Nassau: Nassau Castle, ancestral seat of the House of Nassau Nassau (duchy): an extinct German duchy Hesse-Nassau: the Prussian province... Captain is a nautical term, an organizational title, and a rank in various uniformed organizations. ... St. ...


In popular culture

Running Wild is one of several German power metal bands to emerge in the mid/late 1980s (along with Iced Earth, Helloween, Rage, Blind Guardian, Grave Digger, etc). ... Port Royal is an album by Running Wild. ... Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl is a movie of adventure and romance set in the Caribbean during the seventeenth century. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Calico Jack - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (682 words)
John Rackham (died 17 November 1720), known as Calico Jack, was an English pirate captain during the early 18th century.
Jack Rackham served under the command of the notorious pirate, Charles Vane.
Rackham and the members of his crew were found guilty of piracy and hanged the next day.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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