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Encyclopedia > Calico Jack
John "Calico Jack" Rackham

Calico Jack, an 18th century lithograph
Born December 21, 1682
London, England
Died November 17, 1720
Spanish Town, Jamaica
Nationality English
Occupation Pirate

John Rackham (died November 17, 1720), also known as Calico Jack Rackham or Calico Jack, was an English pirate captain during the early 18th century. His nickname was derived from the colourful calico clothes he wore. John Rackham is remembered for employing two of the most notorious female pirates of his time – Anne Bonny and Mary Read – in his crew. John Rackham and most of his crew were executed in Jamaica. Image File history File links Download high-resolution version (566x740, 172 KB) Source: A General History of the Robberies and Murders of the Most Notorious Pyrates, published 1725 File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Calico Jack... Lithography stone and mirror-image print of a map of Munich. ... December 21 is the 355th day of the year (356th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Events March 11 – Chelsea hospital for soldiers is founded in England May 6 - Louis XIV of France moves his court to Versailles. ... This article is about the capital of England and the United Kingdom. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... // Events January 6 - The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings February 11 - Sweden and Prussia sign the (2nd Treaty of Stockholm) declaring peace. ... For other uses, see Spanish Town (disambiguation). ... 17 November is also the name of a Marxist group in Greece, coinciding with the anniversary of the Athens Polytechnic uprising. ... // Events January 6 - The Committee of Inquiry on the South Sea Bubble publishes its findings February 11 - Sweden and Prussia sign the (2nd Treaty of Stockholm) declaring peace. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto)1 Government Constitutional monarchy  -  Monarch Queen Elizabeth II... Look up pirate and piracy in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Captain Sir Arthur Henry Rostron receiving a loving cup from Margaret Brown for his rescue of RMS Titanic survivors Main article: Seafarers professions and ranks Captain is the traditional customary title given to the person in charge of a ship at sea. ... (17th century - 18th century - 19th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 18th century refers to the century that lasted from 1701 through 1800. ... Calico is a fabric made from unbleached, and often not fully processed, cotton. ... Anne Bonny (c. ... For Mary Karen Read, see List of victims of the Virginia Tech massacre#Students killed in Room 211 Mary Read Mary Read ( 1690–1721) was a female English pirate. ...

Contents

Becoming Captain

In 1718 Rackham was quartermaster on a ship that belonged to Charles Vane. On November 23, the crew encountered a French warship. Vane decided to retreat rather than board the warship. The crew mutinied against him, left him on the shore of an unidentified beach and sailed away in a ship called "The Treasure". They made Rackham their new captain. He later successfully boarded and took over the French vessel. Quartermaster is a term usually referring to a military unit which specializes in supplying and provisioning troops, or to an individual who does the same. ... This article does not cite its references or sources. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Mutiny is the act of conspiring to disobey an order that a group of similarly-situated individuals (typically members of the military; or the crew of any ship, even if they are civilians) are legally obliged to obey. ...

Pirates and privateers

PiratesPrivateers
BuccaneersCorsairs
Barbary piratesWokou
It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Maritime piracy. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Edward_England. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Maritime piracy. ... A privateer was a private ship (or its captain) authorized by a countrys government by letters of marque to attack foreign shipping. ... This article refers to the type of pirate. ... Look up corsair in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... The Moorish ambassador of the Barbary States to the Court of Queen Elizabeth I of England. ... Sixteenth century Japanese pirate raids. ...

Jolly Roger
Golden Age of Piracy
Timeline of piracy
List of pirate films
Places:

Piracy in the Caribbean
Piracy in the Strait of Malacca
Port RoyalTortugaSaint-Malo
LibertatiaBarbary Coast
Wingdings version of the Jolly Roger (character N). Many pirates created their own individualized versions. ... This article or section is incomplete and may require expansion and/or cleanup. ... This is a timeline of the history of piracy. ... List of pirate films is is an alphabetical list of films dealing with piracy, primarily during the Golden Age of Piracy in the Caribbean Sea in the 16th century to 18th century. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Piracy in the Strait of Malacca was common in the past, and is currently on the rise again in recent years possibly for terrorism-related reasons. ... Port-Royal was a Cistercian convent in the Vallée de Chevreuse southwest of Paris that launched a number of culturally important institutions. ... For other uses, see Tortuga (disambiguation). ... Categories: France geography stubs | Communes of Ille-et-Vilaine ... Libertatia (also known as Libertalia) was a legendary country, or free colony, forged by pirates, under the leadership of Captain Misson in the late 1600s. ... The Barbary Coast, or Barbary, was the term used by Europeans till the 19th century to refer to the coastal regions of what is now Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, and Libya. ...

Famous Pirates and Privateers:

Sir Francis Drake • Sir Henry Morgan
Bartholomew RobertsGrace O'Malley
Blackbeard • Redbeard
Anne BonnyMary Read
Robert Surcouf • René Duguay-Trouin
Stede BonnetJean Bart
François l'OllonaisWilliam Kidd
Calico Jack RackhamHenry Every
Roc Brasiliano
List of pirates Sir Francis Drake, Vice Admiral, (c. ... Sir Henry Morgan (Hari Morgan in Welsh), (ca. ... Born John Roberts (May 17, 1682 - February 10, 1722), also known as Bart Roberts (Welsh: Barti Ddu), was a Welsh pirate who raided shipping off the Americas and West Africa between 1719 and 1722. ... The meeting of Grace OMalley and Queen Elizabeth I Gráinne Ní Mháille (c. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Oruç Reis captures a galley Aruj or Oruc Reis (Turkish: Oruç Reis) (c. ... Anne Bonny (c. ... For Mary Karen Read, see List of victims of the Virginia Tech massacre#Students killed in Room 211 Mary Read Mary Read ( 1690–1721) was a female English pirate. ... Statue of Robert Surcouf in Saint-Malo. ... Statue in St Malo René Trouin, Sieur du Gué, usually called Réné Duguay-Trouin, (Saint Malo, 10 June 1673 -- 1736) was a famous French privateer, Lieutenant-Général des armées navales du roi (admiral) and Commander in the Order of Saint-Louis. ... Stede Bonnet (1688?-December 10, 1718)[1] was a pirate captain from the English colony of Barbados. ... Jean Bart (October 21, 1651 - April 27, 1702) was a French naval commander of the 17th century. ... An illustration of François lOllonais from a 1684 edition of The History of the Bucaniers of America Jean-David Nau (c. ... William Captain Kidd (c. ... Henry Every or Avery (born c. ... Roche Braziliano (born c. ... This is a list of known pirates, buccaneers, corsairs, privateers, and others involved in piracy. ...

Naval officers:

Robert MaynardCaptain Ogle
William Rhett Blackbeards severed head hanging from Maynards bow Robert Maynard was a lieutenant in the British Royal Navy, captain of HMS Pearl, and is most famous for defeating the infamous pirate Blackbeard in battle. ... Sir Chalonor Ogle (1681-1750) was an Admiral of the Fleet in the British navy. ... Colonel William Rhett moved to South Carolina in 1698. ...

 v  d  e 

Pirate career

The very same day he was made captain, he plundered several small vessels, earning him a good reputation with the crew. Once, while drinking in a local tavern, he met a woman named Anne Bonny. He decided to court her, and eventually asked if she would like to come along pirating with them. She agreed and dressed as a man so the crew would take little notice in her. Looting (which derives via the Hindi lut from Sanskrit lunt, to rob) is the indiscriminate taking of goods by force as part of a military or political victory, or during a catastrophy or riot, such as during war [1], natural disaster [2], rioting [3], or terrorist attack [4]. The term...

Calico Jack's Jolly Roger flag.
Calico Jack's Jolly Roger flag.

One day, they raided a small merchant vessel near the West Indies. Most of the crew had been killed and they had one man cornered. They asked if the man would join their crew rather than be run through with a cutlass, an offer to which he agreed. Bonny befriended the young man, and became his constant companion, igniting Rackham's jealousy. He confronted the man, who admitted to being a woman in disguise. The new sailor was, in fact, Mary Read. Throughout the course of their pirate years, it is rumored that they had a three-way sexual relationship.[citation needed] However, this rumor has never been proven. Image File history File links Pirate_Flag_of_Rack_Rackham. ... Image File history File links Pirate_Flag_of_Rack_Rackham. ... Wingdings version of the Jolly Roger (character N). Many pirates created their own individualized versions. ... The Caribbean or the West Indies is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. ... French naval cutlass of the 19th Century A cutlass is a short, thick saber or slashing sword, with a straight or slightly curved blade sharpened on the cutting edge, and a hilt often featuring a solid cupped or basket-shaped guard. ... A ménage à trois (also sometimes known as a trio, threesome, or three-way) is a sexual relationship involving three people. ...


Capture and Death

Governor Woodes Rogers had learned Rackham had stolen an anchored ship in Nassau harbor. He sent two large ships with 45 men to find the thief. An old engraving of Capt. ... // Nassau may mean the following: Place names: Nassau, Germany: a town in Rhineland-Palatinate, after which all the following are named: Nassau, Bahamas: the capital of the Bahamas Burg Nassau: Nassau Castle, ancestral seat of the House of Nassau Nassau (duchy): an extinct German duchy Hesse-Nassau: the Prussian province...


In early October near Nigril Bay, Captain Johnathan Barnet caught up with the stolen ship. Rackham immediately set sail trying to escape. When the pursuers caught up with them, most of the pirates took cover below deck but Bonny and Read fought on. It was a hopeless fight and they were captured.


On November 16, Rackham and 11 members of his crew were sentenced to death by hanging in St. Jago de la Vega, Jamaica. Bonny and Read were found to be both pregnant and were thus jailed. Rackham was hanged the following day. Capital punishment, also referred to as the death penalty, is the judicially ordered execution of a prisoner as a punishment for a serious crime, often called a capital offense or a capital crime. ... Hanging is the suspension of a person by a ligature, usually a cord wrapped around the neck, causing death. ... St. ...


Bonny witnessed Rackham's death and had reportedly said "she was sorry to see him there, but if he had fought like a man, he need not have been hanged like a dog". Rackham was hung at Port Royal, His body was then put into a iron cage and hung from a gibbet on Dead man's Cay, a small island within sight of Port Royal which is today call Rackam's Cay.


In popular culture

Running Wild is one of a few German heavy metal bands to emerge in the early/mid 1980s (along with Helloween, Gamma Ray, Rage, Blind Guardian, Grave Digger, etc). ... Port Royal is an album by Running Wild. ... Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl is a movie of adventure and romance set in the Caribbean during the seventeenth century. ... Hector Barbossa is a fictional character in the Pirates of the Caribbean trilogy, being the primary antagonist in the first film of the series Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl. ... Cutthroat Island is a pirate-themed action film starring Geena Davis and directed by her then-husband Renny Harlin, filmed in various locations around Malta. ... Statue of Peter Pan in Bowring Park, St. ... The 2004 version of the game features a high-end 3D engine, a feature impossible to deliver with the original 1987 release. ... George MacDonald Fraser, OBE (born 2 April 1926 in Carlisle) is a British author of both historical novels and non-fiction books. ... The Pyrates is a comedic novel by George MacDonald Fraser, published in 1983. ... // Alternative fashion is fashion that stands apart from the mainstream commercial fashion. ... For other uses, see Wellington (disambiguation). ... Sir Henry Morgan (Hari Morgan in Welsh), (ca. ... Captain Morgan, as pictured on the product packaging. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Calico Jack - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (647 words)
John Rackham, (commonly known as Calico Jack; died November 17, 1720) was a pirate captain during the 18th century.
His nickname derived from the colourful calico clothes he wore and he is now remembered for numbering the two most notorious female pirates of the time in his crew, Anne Bonny and Mary Read.
Jack Rackham served as the inspiration for the pirate Red Rackham in two of Hergé's Adventures of Tintin books, The Secret of the Unicorn and Red Rackham's Treasure.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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