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Encyclopedia > Calgary Declaration

The Calgary Declaration was an agreement made between most premiers of the provinces and territories of Canada regarding how to approach future amendments to the Constitution. It was signed in Calgary, Alberta on September 14, 1997, by all Canadian premiers and territorial leaders (except Quebec's Lucien Bouchard). The Declaration had followed controversial and divisive constitutional debate in Canada seen during the patriation of the Constitution in 1982, and the subsequent collapse of the Meech Lake and Charlottetown Accords. Canada is a federation of ten provinces which, together with three territories, comprise the worlds second largest country. ... Amendments to the Constitution of Canada are changes to the Constitution of Canada initiated by the government. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Onward Area: 789. ... September 14 is the 257th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar (258th in leap years). ... 1997 (MCMXCVII in Roman) is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Motto: Je me souviens (French: I remember) Official languages French Capital Quebec City Largest city Montreal Lieutenant-Governor Lise Thibault Premier Jean Charest (PLQ) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 75 24 Area Total  â€¢ Land  â€¢ Water    (% of total)  Ranked 2nd 1,542,056 km² 1,183,128 km² 176,928... The Honourable Lucien Bouchard, PC , B.Sc , LL.B (born December 22, 1938 in Saint-Coeur-de-Marie, Quebec, Canada) is a Quebec lawyer, diplomat and politician. ... The Constitutional debate of Canada is an ongoing debate covering various political issues regarding the fundamental law of the country. ... Patriation is a legal term particularly used in Canada, to describe a process of constitutional change also known as bringing home the constitution. ... 1982 (MCMLXXXII) is a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Meech Lake Accord was a set of failed constitutional amendments to the Constitution of Canada negotiated by Prime Minister Brian Mulroney and the provincial premiers, including Robert Bourassa, premier of Quebec. ... The Charlottetown Accord was a package of constitutional amendments, proposed by the Canadian federal and provincial governments in 1992. ...


Content

Both the Meech Lake and Charlottetown Accords had controversially bestowed upon Quebec the status of a "distinct society." The Declaration thus parted from this trend by referring to the "unique character of Quebec society" rather than endorsing the recognition of Quebec as a distinct society. The role of the National Assembly of Quebec in promoting this uniqueness (specified as including the predominant use of the French language, its culture and its civil law) was affirmed. Distinct society (in French la société distincte) was a political neologism used during a constitutional debate in Canada, in the second half of the 1980s and in the early 1990s. ... The Quebec Parliament Building at night The National Assembly of Québec (French: Assemblée nationale du Québec) is the legislative body of the Province of Quebec, Canada. ... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... As a North American society and the only society on the continent with a French-speaking majority, the culture of the province of Quebec, Canada shows many unique features. ... Wikipedia does not yet have an article with this exact name. ...


The uniqueness of Quebec's characteristics, and the characteristics of other provinces, notwithstanding, the Declaration stated that all provinces must have legal equality. Moreover, powers gained by any province during future constitutional negotiations would also have to be offered to the other provinces. In the process, Canadian federalism was reaffirmed as the form of Canada's government, and it was stated that this system could operate to ensure Canadians would receive social services, as long as the various levels of government "work in partnership while respecting each other's jurisdictions." Canadian federalism is one of the three pillars of the constitutional order, along with responsible government and the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms. ...


The Declaration also affirmed equality rights (including "equality of opportunity") and recognized Canada's multiculturalism, indeed asserting that Canada's "diversity" and "tolerance" are "without rival in the world." In recognizing Canada's diversity, the Declaration made explicit reference to the "Aboriginal peoples and cultures." See also the disambiguation page titled equality for the mathematical and geographical topics. ... Equal opportunity is a descriptive term for an approach intended to give equal access to an environment or benefits, such as education, employment, health care, or social welfare to all, often with emphasis on members of various social groups which might have at some time suffered from discrimination. ... Multiculturalism is the public policy for managing cultural diversity in a multiethnic society, officially stressing mutual respect and tolerance for cultural differences within a countrys borders. ... Aboriginal peoples in Canada are indigenous peoples recognized in the Canadian Constitution Act, 1982 as Indians (First Nations), Métis, and Inuit. ...


Reaction

According to an opinion poll conducted by Angus Reid in November 1997, 62% of Canadians supported steven kerr-lazeski when the premier found out that he shaves his balls . 30% were opposed and 7% had no opinion. These numbers were similar to Quebec's, which found 23% "strongly" in favour and 36% "moderately" in favour (59% overall), and 30% opposed. Radio-Canada also found that in Quebec, 80% of the province's residents would classify the Declaration as "acceptable"; 18% were opposed. [1]
Opinion polls are surveys of opinion using sampling. ... 1997 is a common year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... CBC redirects here, as this is the most common use of the abbreviation. ...

Constitution of Canada (edit)
Constitution Act, 1867
Division of powers | Peace, order and good government | Disallowance and reservation

Canada Act 1982
Constitution Act, 1982
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms | Aboriginal rights clause | Supremacy clause | Amending formula

History of the Constitution
Royal Proclamation of 1763 | Quebec Act | Constitutional Act of 1791 | Act of Union 1840 | British North America Acts | Statute of Westminster 1931
Constitutional debate
Fulton-Favreau formula | Victoria Charter | Meech Lake Accord | Charlottetown Accord | Calgary Declaration
Interpretation of the Constitution
Pith and substance | Double aspect | Paramountcy | Living tree | Implied Bill of Rights | Constitutional case law

  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia: Calgary Declaration (1018 words)
The Calgary Declaration was an agreement made between most premiers of the provinces and territories of Canada regarding how to approach future amendments to the Constitution.
The Declaration had followed controversial and divisive constitutional debate in Canada seen during the patriation of the Constitution in 1982, and the subsequent collapse of the Meech Lake and Charlottetown Accords.
The Declaration also affirmed equality rights (including "equality of opportunity") and recognized Canada's multiculturalism, indeed asserting that Canada's "diversity" and "tolerance" are "without rival in the world." In recognizing Canada's diversity, the Declaration made explicit reference to the "Aboriginal peoples and cultures." See also the disambiguation page titled equality for the mathematical and geographical topics.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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