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Encyclopedia > Calgary, Alberta
City of Calgary

Downtown Calgary from the north. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1500x504, 194 KB)Photo courtesy of the Calgary Downtown Association. ...

(Coat of Arms of Calgary) This image depicts a seal, an emblem, a coat of arms or a crest. ... The Coat of arms of Calgary, Alberta was adopted in 1902 after a local contest. ...

(Flag of Calgary) Image File history File links Flag_of_Calgary,_Alberta. ... Flag of Calgary, Alberta The official flag of Calgary, Alberta was designed by Gwin Clarke and Yvonne Fritz. ...

Location of Calgary within census division number 6 in Alberta, Canada
Area 789.90 km²
Metro area 5,083.00 km²
Population 956,078 (2005)
Pop'n rank 3rd
Metro pop'n 1,060,300 (2005 est.)
Metro rank 5th
Pop'n density 1252.3
Location 51°02′N 114°03′W
Altitude 1048 metres
Incorporation 1894
Province Alberta
Census Division 6
Members of Parliament Diane Ablonczy, Rob Anders, Art Hanger, Stephen Harper, Jason Kenney, Deepak Obhrai, Jim Prentice, Lee Richardson
Members of the Legislative Assembly Cindy Ady, Moe Amery, Neil Brown, Wayne Cao, Harvey Cenaiko, Harry B. Chase, Alana DeLong, Heather Forsyth, Yvonne Fritz, Denis Herard, Art Johnston, Ralph Klein, Ron Liepert, Richard Magnus, Gary Mar, Greg Melchin, Hung Pham, Dave Rodney, Shiraz Shariff, Ron Stevens, David Swann, Dave Taylor, Len Webber
Mayor Dave Bronconnier

(Past mayors) Image File history File links Dot-yellow. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (450x784, 223 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... The table below is a list of the 100 largest cities (or municipalities) in Canada. ... The below table is a list of the 100 largest Metropolitan Areas in Canada. ... Altitude is the elevation of an object from a known level or datum. ... metre or meter, see meter (disambiguation) The metre (in the U.S., chiefly meter) is a measure of length, approximately equal to 3. ... A Municipal Corporation is a legal defintion for a local governing body, including (but not necessarily limited to) cities, counties, and towns. ... Map of Canada Canada is a federation of ten provinces which, together with three territories, comprise the worlds second largest country in total area. ... Motto: Fortis et liber (Latin: Strong and free) Official languages English Flower Wild rose Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong Premier Ralph Klein (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 28 6 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked 6th 661,848 km² 642,317 km² 19... The province of Alberta, Canada, is divided into 19 census divisions according to Statistics Canada. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Members of the House of Commons in the 38th Parliament of Canada, as of November 10, 2005. ... Diane Ablonczy (born May 6, 1949) is a Canadian politician. ... Rob Anders (born April 1, 1972, in Winnipeg, Manitoba) is a Canadian politician. ... Arthur Art Hanger (born February 19, 1943 in Three Hills, Alberta) is a Canadian politician. ... Stephen Joseph Harper (born April 30, 1959) is the 22nd and current Prime Minister of Canada and leader of the Conservative Party of Canada. ... Jason Kenney (born May 30, 1968 in Oakville, Ontario) is a Canadian politician. ... Deepak Obhrai (born May 7, 1950 in Oldeani, Tanzania) is a Canadian politician, representing the riding of Calgary East for the Conservative Party of Canada. ... Jim Prentice, MP (born July 20, 1956, in South Porcupine, Timmins, Ontario) is a Canadian lawyer and politician. ... Lee Richardson (b. ... The Legislative Assembly of Alberta meets in the provincial capital, Edmonton. ... Moe Amery is a Canadian politician who was elected to his fourth term as Member of the Legislative Assembly for Calgary-East on November 22, 2004. ... Wayne Cao is an Albertan politician. ... Hon. ... Harry Chase (born November 22, 1947, in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan) is a Canadian politician. ... Alana DeLong speaking at a rally on the steps of Calgary City Hall, June 2, 2006. ... Arthur Art Johnston is a politician and a retired police officer from Alberta, Canada. ... Ralph Phillip Klein MLA (born November 1, 1942), leader of the Alberta Progressive Conservatives, is the current premier of the Canadian province of Alberta. ... Honourable Gary G. Mar QC, LLB, BComm (born July 26, 1962) is the Minister of Community Development since November 22, 2004. ... Hung Kim Pham is a politician from Alberta, Canada. ... Ron Stevens (born 1949) is an Albertan MLA who is currently that provinces Minister of Justice. ... Dr. David Swann is a medical doctor and Alberta Liberal Member of Legistive Assembly. ... Dave Taylor is an Albertan politician representing the electoral division of Calgary Currie in the Legislative Assembly of Alberta since 2004. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger,greater) is in modern times the title of the highest ranking municipal officer, who discharges certain judicial and administrative functions, in many systems an elected politician, who serves as chief executive and/or ceremonial official of many types of municipalities. ... David Dave Bronconnier is a Canadian politician, currently serving as mayor of Calgary, Alberta. ... This is a list of mayors of Calgary, Alberta. ...

City Manager Owen A. Tobert
Governing Body Calgary City Council
Time zone Mountain (UTC-7)
Postal code T1Y to T3R
Area Code 403
Official website: City of Calgary

Calgary is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada. It is in the south of the province, in a region of foothills and high plains, approximately 80 km east of the front ranges of the Canadian Rockies. As of 2005, the estimated metropolitan population (CMA) was 1,060,300 (see Calgary Region). Calgary is the largest city in Alberta and the third largest city proper, by population, in Canada. In terms of urban areas, it is the fifth largest Census Metropolitan Area in the country. It is located within the relatively densely populated "Calgary-Edmonton Corridor"[1]. It is the largest Canadian metropolitan area between Toronto and Vancouver. The council-manager government is one of 2 main variations of representative municipal government (for contrast, also see Mayor-Council government). ... A governing body is a corporate form of management. ... The Calgary City Council is the governing body of the City of Canada. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... A Canadian postal code is a string of six characters that form part of a postal address in Canada. ... A telephone numbering plan is a system that allows subscribers to make and receive telephone calls across long distances. ... Area code 403 is a telephone area code in the Canadian province of Alberta, encompassing the southern half of the province. ... Night view of Taipei City. ... Province is a name for a subnational entity. ... Motto: Fortis et liber (Latin: Strong and free) Official languages English Flower Wild rose Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong Premier Ralph Klein (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 28 6 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked 6th 661,848 km² 642,317 km² 19... Rocky Mountains, White Goat Wilderness Area, Alberta, Canada The Canadian Rockies comprise the Canadian segment of the North American Rocky Mountains range. ... 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A census metropolitan area, or CMA is a Canadian census subdivision comprising a large urban area (known as the urban core) and adjacent areas (known as urban and rural fringes) that have a high degree of social and economic integration with the urban core. ... The Calgary Region is the metropolitan area based around Calgary, Alberta. ... A census metropolitan area, or CMA is a Canadian census subdivision comprising a large urban area (known as the urban core) and adjacent areas (known as urban and rural fringes) that have a high degree of social and economic integration with the urban core. ... The Calgary-Edmonton Corridor is a geographical region of the Canadian province of Alberta. ... Vancouver (pronounced ) is a Canadian city in the province of British Columbia. ...


A resident of Calgary is known as a Calgarian.


Calgary is well-known as a destination for winter sports and ecotourism with a number of major mountain resorts near the city and metropolitan area. Calgary's economy is mostly centred on the petroleum industry (see oilpatch), however agriculture, tourism, and the high-tech industries also contribute to the city's fast economic growth. Calgary also holds many major annual festivals, including the Calgary Stampede, the Folk Music Festival, the Lilac Festival, and the second largest Caribbean festival in the country (Carifest). In 1988, Calgary became the first Canadian city to host The Olympic Winter Games. Ecotourism means ecological tourism, where ecological has both environmental and social connotations. ... Oilpatch is a term used in reference to the petroleum industry, particularily in Alberta, Canada. ... Rider at the Stampede Rodeo The Calgary Stampede, which bills itself as The Greatest Outdoor show on Earth, is a large festival, exhibition, and rodeo held in Calgary, Alberta for ten days every July. ... Central America and the Caribbean (detailed pdf map) The Caribbean (Spanish: Caribe; French: Caraïbe; Dutch: Caraïben; Portuguese: Caribe or Caraíbas) is a region of the Americas consisting of the Caribbean Sea, its islands (most of which enclose the sea), and the surrounding coasts. ... 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar. ... A runner carries the Olympic torch The Winter Olympic Games or the Olympic Winter Games, are a winter multi-sport event held every four years. ...

Contents


History

First settlement

Calgary as it appeared circa 1885
Enlarge
Calgary as it appeared circa 1885

Before the Calgary area was settled by Europeans, it was the domain of the Blackfoot people whose presence has been traced back at least 11,000 years. In 1787 cartographer David Thompson spent the winter with a band of Peigan encamped along the Bow River. He was the first recorded European to visit the area. The site became a post of the North West Mounted Police (now the RCMP). Originally named Fort Brisebois, after NWMP officer Éphrem-A Brisebois, it was renamed Fort Calgary in 1876 because of questionable conduct on the part of that officer. The NWMP detachment was assigned to protect the western plains from US whiskey traders. Fort Calgary was named by Colonel James Macleod after Calgary (Cala-ghearraidh, Beach of the pasture) on the Isle of Mull, Scotland. When the Canadian Pacific Railway reached the area and a rail station was constructed, Calgary began to grow into an important commercial and agricultural centre. The Canadian Pacific Railway headquarters are located in Calgary today. Calgary was officially incorporated as a town in 1884 and elected its first mayor, George Murdoch. In 1894, Calgary became the first city in what was then the Northwest Territories. Image File history File links Calgary_Alberta_circa_1885. ... Image File history File links Calgary_Alberta_circa_1885. ... Bear Bull The Blackfoot Confederacy is the collective name of three First Nations in Alberta and one Native American tribe in Montana. ... David Thompson (April 30, 1770 – February 10, 1857), was an English-Canadian map-maker and explorer. ... See Blackfoot for the rock band. ... The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP or Mounties; French, Gendarmerie royale du Canada, GRC) is both the federal police force and the national police of Canada. ... The Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP or Mounties; French, Gendarmerie royale du Canada, GRC) is both the federal police force and the national police of Canada. ... Inspector Éphrem-A. Brisebois (7 March 1850 – 13 February 1890) was a politician, soldier, and police officer with the North-West Mounted Police. ... North-West Mounted Police, Fort Calgary, 1878 Fort Calgary was started in September, 1875 as Fort Brisebois by the North West Mounted Police on the forks of the Bow and Elbow rivers in what is now Calgary, Alberta. ... 1876 (MDCCCLXXVI) is a leap year starting on Saturday. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Colonel James Farquharson Macleod (c. ... The wide sand beach at Calgary, Mull, is possibly the best on Mull and its idyllic location makes it one of the finest in Scotland. ... Tobermory with 700 people, the largest settlement on Mull, is home to the only whisky distillery on the island. ... Motto: Nemo me impune lacessit (English: No one provokes me with impunity) Scotlands location within Europe Scotlands location within the United Kingdom Languages English, Gaelic, Scots Capital Edinburgh Largest city Glasgow First Minister Jack McConnell Area - Total - % water Ranked 2nd UK 78,782 km² 1. ... The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR; AAR reporting marks CP, CPAA, CPI), known as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, is a Canadian Class I railway operated by Canadian Pacific Railway Limited. ... The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR; AAR reporting marks CP, CPAA, CPI), known as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, is a Canadian Class I railway operated by Canadian Pacific Railway Limited. ... 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) is a leap year starting on Tuesday (click on link to calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... For George Peter Murdock, the Yale scholar, see George Murdock George Murdoch (April 29, 1850 - February 2, 1910) was the first mayor of Calgary, Alberta. ... 1894 (MDCCCXCIV) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... Motto: None Official languages Dene Suline, Cree, Dogrib, English, French, Gwichʼin, Inuktitut, Slavey Flower Mountain avens Capital Yellowknife Largest city Yellowknife Commissioner Tony Whitford Premier Joe Handley (Consensus government - no party affiliations) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 1 1 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked 3rd 1...


The oil boom

Calgary in 1969
Calgary in 1969

Oil was first discovered in Alberta in 1914, but it didn't become a significant industry in the province until the 1960s when huge reserves of it were discovered. Calgary quickly found itself at the centre of the ensuing oil boom. The city's economy grew when oil prices increased with the Arab Oil Embargo of 1973. The population increased by 244,000 in the sixteen years between 1971 (403,000) and 1987 (647,000). During this time, skyscrapers were constructed at a pace seen by few cities anywhere. The relatively low-rise downtown quickly became dense with tall buildings: a trend that continues to this day. Photo by Will Henderson of Calgary 69 http://www. ... Photo by Will Henderson of Calgary 69 http://www. ... Motto: Fortis et liber (Latin: Strong and free) Official languages English Flower Wild rose Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong Premier Ralph Klein (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 28 6 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked 6th 661,848 km² 642,317 km² 19... This article or section should be merged with 1973 energy crisis On October 16th, 1973, as part of the political strategy that included the Yom Kippur War, OPEC cut production of oil, and placed an embargo on shipments of crude oil to the West, with the Netherlands, specifically targetted. ... This is a list of the 10 tallest skyscrapers in the city of Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... View of downtown Calgary from Princes Island. ...


Calgary's economy was so closely tied to the oil industry that the city's boom peaked with the average annual price of oil in 1981[2]. The subsequent drop in oil prices and the introduction of National Energy Program, were cited by industry as reasons for a collapse in the oil industry, and consequently the overall Calgary economy. The NEP was cancelled in the mid-1980s by the Brian Mulroney federal government. Continued low oil prices, however, prevented a full recovery until the 1990s. The National Energy Program (NEP) was an energy policy of the Government of Canada. ... Martin Brian Mulroney (born March 20, 1939), was the eighteenth Prime Minister of Canada from September 17, 1984, to June 25, 1993 and was leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada from 1983 to 1993. ...


Recent history

Downtown Calgary in 2003 as seen from the top of McHugh Bluff.
Downtown Calgary in 2003 as seen from the top of McHugh Bluff.

With the energy sector employing a huge number of Calgarians, the fallout from the economic slump of the early 1980s was understandably significant. The unemployment rate soared. By the end of the decade, however, the economy was in recovery. Calgary quickly realized that it could not afford to put so much emphasis on oil and gas, and the city has since become much more diverse, both economically and culturally. The period during this recession marked Calgary's transition from a mid-sized and relatively nondescript prairie city into a major cosmopolitan and diverse centre. This transition culminated in February of 1988, when the city hosted the XV Olympic Winter Games. The success of these games essentially put the city on the world stage. Download high resolution version (900x674, 113 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (900x674, 113 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... The XV Olympic Winter Games were held in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ...


The economy in Calgary and Alberta is now booming, and the city of over a million people is still among the fastest growing in the country. In fact, Calgary is now second only to Toronto for its concentration of corporate head offices, although many of them are related to the oil industry. While the oil and gas industry comprise most of the economy, the city has invested a great deal into other areas. Tourism is perhaps one of the fastest growing industries in the city. Over 4.5 million people now visit the city on an annual basis for its many festivals and attractions, as well as the Calgary Stampede. The nearby mountain resort towns of Banff, Lake Louise, and Canmore are also becoming increasingly popular with tourists, and are bringing people into Calgary as a result. Other modern industries include light manufacturing, high-tech, film, transportation, and services. The city has also ranked high in quality of life surveys. Motto: Fortis et liber (Latin: Strong and free) Official languages English Flower Wild rose Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong Premier Ralph Klein (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 28 6 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked 6th 661,848 km² 642,317 km² 19... Rider at the Stampede Rodeo The Calgary Stampede, which bills itself as The Greatest Outdoor show on Earth, is a large festival, exhibition, and rodeo held in Calgary, Alberta for ten days every July. ... Banff townsite (left) and Tunnel Mountain (right) on the Bow River as seen from Sulphur Mountain. ... , Lake Louise and the glacier in winter the lake with the Chateau Lake Louise is both an actual lake and a nearby hamlet located in the Canadian province of Alberta in Banff National Park. ... Canmore ( Elevation: 1350m / 4455) is a town in Alberta, Canada, with a permanent population of 11,442 (2005 municipal census). ...


Geography and climate

Calgary is located within the foothills of the Rocky Mountains and is relatively hilly as a result. Calgary's elevation is approximately 1048 metres (3440 feet) above sea level downtown, and 1083 metres (3556 feet) at the airport. The city proper covers a land area of 721 km² (as of 2001) and as such exceeds the land areas of both Toronto and New York City. White Goat Wilderness Area, Alberta, Canada View of the Rocky Mountains as depicted on the Colorado state quarter The Rocky Mountains, often called the Rockies, are a broad mountain range in western North America. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Big Apple Location Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,214. ...


There are two major rivers that run through the city. The Bow River is the largest and flows from the west to the south. The Elbow River flows northwards from the south until it converges with the Bow River near downtown. Since the climate of the region is generally dry, dense vegetation occurs naturally only in the river valleys and within Fish Creek Provincial Park, the largest urban park in Canada. The Bow River is a river in the Canadian province of Alberta. ... The Elbow River is a river located in southern Alberta, Canada. ... View of downtown Calgary from Princes Island. ... Fish Creek Park is a provincial park located in the southern part of Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ...


The city is quite large in physical area, consisting of an inner city surrounded by various communities of decreasing density. Unlike most cities with a sizable metropolitan area, most of Calgary's suburbs are incorporated into the city proper, with the notable exceptions of the city of Airdrie to the north, Cochrane to the northwest, Strathmore to the east, and the sprawling Springbank district to the west. Though it is not technically within Calgary's metropolitan area, the town of Okotoks is only a short distance to the south and is considered a suburb as well. The Calgary Economic Region includes slightly more area than the CMA and has a population of 1,146,900. Airdrie is a city in Alberta, Canada, located just north of Calgary within the Calgary-Edmonton Corridor. ... Cochrane is a large town in the Canadian province of Alberta. ... Strathmore is a town located along the Trans-Canada Highway in south-central Alberta, Canada, 40 km east of the city of Calgary. ... Okotoks is a town situated on the Sheep River, 18 kilometres south of Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... The Calgary Region is the metropolitan area based around Calgary, Alberta. ... A census metropolitan area, or CMA is a Canadian census subdivision comprising a large urban area (known as the urban core) and adjacent areas (known as urban and rural fringes) that have a high degree of social and economic integration with the urban core. ...


Because of the growth of the city, its southwest borders are now immediately adjacent to the Tsuu T’ina (Sarcee) Nation Native Indian reserve. Recent residential developments in the deep southwest of the city have created a need for a major roadway heading into the interior of the city, but because of complications in negotiations with the Sarcee about the construction, the much-needed construction has not yet begun. The Tsuu T’ina (also Sarsi or Sarcee) are a nation of the First Nations of Canada. ...


Calgary's neighbourhoods

The downtown region of the city consists of five neighbourhoods: Eau Claire (including the Festival District), the Downtown West End, the Downtown Commercial Core, Chinatown, and the Downtown East Village (also part of the Rivers District). The commercial core is itself divided into a number of districts including the Stephen Avenue Retail Core, the Penny Lane Entertainment District, the Arts District and the Government District. Distinct from downtown and south of 9th Avenue is Calgary's densest neighbourhood, the Beltline. The area includes a number of communities such as Midtown, Victoria Crossing and a portion of the Rivers District. The Beltline is the focus of major planning and rejuvenation initiatives on the part of the municipal government to increase the density and liveliness of Calgary's centre. The city of Calgary, Alberta, Canada has over 180 neighbourhoods. ... Download high resolution version (1280x960, 1127 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Download high resolution version (1280x960, 1127 KB) File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Stephen Avenue is a major pedestrian mall in downtown Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... View of downtown Calgary from Princes Island. ... The neighbourhood of Eau Claire in Calgary, Alberta is located immediately north of Downtown, and south of the Bow River. ... View of downtown Calgary from Princes Island. ... Calgarys Chinatown is the third largest in Canada after those in Vancouver and Toronto. ... The Downtown East Village is a residential neighbourhood within the eastern portions of downtown Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... Victoria Park was named after Queen Victoria, who is pictured above, as part of a monument to the Boer War. ... Stephen Avenue is a major pedestrian mall in downtown Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... Victoria Park was named after Queen Victoria, who is pictured above, as part of a monument to the Boer War. ... Victoria Park was named after Queen Victoria, who is pictured above, as part of a monument to the Boer War. ...


Adjacent to, or directly radiating from the downtown are the first of the inner-city communities. These include Crescent Heights, Sunnyside, Hounsfield Heights/Briar Hill, Hillhurst (including Kensington BRZ), Bridgeland, Renfrew, Mount Royal, Mission and Inglewood. The inner city is, in turn, surrounded by relatively dense and established neighbourhoods such as Rosedale and Mount Pleasant to the north; Bowness, Parkdale and Westgate to the west; Park Hill, South Calgary (including Marda Loop), Altadore and Killarney to the south; and Forest Lawn/International Avenue to the east. Lying beyond these, and usually separated from one another by highways, are the suburban communities, often characterized as "commuter communities". The city's deep south is probably expanding the fastest and includes communities such as Cranston and McKenzie Lake. In all, there are over 180 distinct neighbourhoods within the city limits. View of downtown Calgary from Princes Island. ... Kensington is a Business Revitalization Zone in Calgary, Alberta, focused around the intersection of Kensington Road and 10th St. ... The city of Calgary, Alberta, Canada has over 180 neighbourhoods. ... Mount Royal is an area of Calgary, Alberta and is home to the neighbourhoods of Upper Mount Royal and Lower Mount Royal. ... Father Albert Lacombe (photo circa 1913) St. ... Inglewood is a neighbourhood in central Calgary, Alberta, centered on 9th Avenue for several blocks east of the Elbow River. ... Bowness was a town in Alberta, Canada, which was annexed by the city of Calgary in 1964. ... Parkdale is a neighbourhood in the city of Calgary, Alberta. ... Marda Loop is a Business Revitalization Zone (BRZ) in Calgary, Alberta, centred on 33rd and 34th Avenues SW between Crowchild Trail and 19th Street SW. It straddles the neighbourhoods of Bankview, South Calgary and Richmond and is adjacent to the neighbourhood of Garrison Woods. ... International Avenue is a Business Revitalization Zone (BRZ) in Calgary, Alberta. ... McKenzie Lake is an extremly popular community in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ...


The rapidly growing areas of the northeast, including areas north of "the properties" (Rundle, Whitehorn, Pineridge and Temple) include Saddleridge, Castleridge/Westwinds, Martindale and Taradale.


Climate

Calgary has a continental climate with relatively cold winters and short, cool summers (USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 3b). The climate is greatly influenced by the city's elevation and close proximity to the Rocky Mountains. Although Calgary's winters can be uncomfortably cold, warm, dry Chinook winds routinely blow into the city from the Pacific Ocean during the winter months, giving Calgarians a break from the cold. These winds have been known to raise the winter temperature by up to 15°C in just a few hours, and may last several days. The chinooks are such a common feature of Calgary's winters that only one month (January 1950) has failed to witness a thaw over more than 100 years of weather observations. More than one half of all winter days see the daily maximum rise above 0°C (32°F). A continental climate is the climate typical of the middle-latitude interiors of the large continents of the Northern Hemisphere in the zone of westerly winds; similar climates exist along the east coasts (but not the west coasts) of the same continents, and also at higher elevations in certain other... White Goat Wilderness Area, Alberta, Canada View of the Rocky Mountains as depicted on the Colorado state quarter The Rocky Mountains, often called the Rockies, are a broad mountain range in western North America. ... Chinook has several meanings: The Chinookan nation of Native Americans of the Pacific Northwest, which inhabited the lower Columbia River valley in what is now Washington, Oregon, and British Columbia. ...


Calgary is a city of extremes, and temperatures have ranged anywhere from a record low of −45°C (-49°F)in 1893 to a record high of 36°C (97°F) in 1919. Although not common, Calgary experiences summer daytime temperatures of above 30°C (86°F) on an average of about four days per year. Temperatures fall below −30°C (-22°F) on about five days per year, though extreme cold spells usually do not last very long. According to Environment Canada, the average temperature in Calgary ranges from a January daily average of −9°C (16°F) to a July daily average of 16°C (61°F). As a consequence of Calgary's high elevation, summer evenings can be very cool, the average summer minimum temperature is 8°C (46°F), and frosts can occur in any month of the year. Calgary has experienced snowfall even in July and August. With an average relative humidity of 55% in the winter and 45% in the summer, Calgary has a semi-arid climate typical of other cities in the Western Great Plains and Canadian Prairies. Unlike cities further east, like Toronto, Montreal, or even Winnipeg, humidity is never a factor during the Calgary summer. The city is also one of the sunniest in Canada, with 2,405 hours of annual sunshine, on average. Calgary receives an average of 413mm (16.2in) of precipitation annually, with 301mm (11.8in) of that occurring in the form of rain, and the remainder as snow. Most of the precipitation occurs from May to August, with June averaging the most monthly rainfall. In June of 2005, Calgary received 248 mm of precipitation, making it the wettest month in the city's recorded history. Droughts are not uncommon and may occur at any time of the year. Calgary averages more than 20 days a year with thunderstorms, with almost all of them occurring in the summer months. Calgary lies on the edge of Alberta's hailstorm alley and is prone to occasional damaging hailstorms. A hailstorm that struck Calgary in September 1991 was one of the most destructive natural disasters in Canadian history. Environment Canada is the department of the government of Canada with responsibility for coordinating environmental policies and programs as well as preserving and enhancing the natural environment and conservation of wildlife. ... The Great Plains is the broad expanse of prairie which lies east of the Rocky Mountains in the United States of America and Canada, covering all or parts of the U.S. states of New Mexico, Texas, Oklahoma, Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, Wyoming, Montana, South Dakota and North Dakota and the... A prairie is an area of land of low topographic relief that principally supports grasses and herbs, with few trees, and is generally of a mesic (moderate or temperate) climate. ... City motto: Concordia Salus (Latin: Well-being through harmony) Province Quebec Mayor Gérald Tremblay Area  - % water 366. ... Motto: Unum Cum Virtute Multorum (One With the Strength of Many) Area: 465. ...


Seasons

  • Winter: November to mid-March.
  • Spring: mid-March to May
  • Summer: June to August
  • Autumn: September to November

Culture

City life

Olympic Plaza in the Arts District
Olympic Plaza in the Arts District

Calgary's urban scene has changed considerably since the city has grown. It is also starting to become recognized as one of Canada's most diverse cities. Today, Calgary is a modern cosmopolitan city that still retains much of its traditional culture of hotel saloons, western bars, night clubs, and hockey. Following its revival in the 1990s, Calgary has also become a centre for western music in Canada. As such, it is referred to by some as the "Nashville of the North". Calgary is also home to a thriving all-ages music scene. Download high resolution version (1280x960, 1066 KB)Photos courtesy of the Calgary Downtown Association [1] File links The following pages link to this file: Calgary, Alberta ... Download high resolution version (1280x960, 1066 KB)Photos courtesy of the Calgary Downtown Association [1] File links The following pages link to this file: Calgary, Alberta ... Tourists sit outside a bar in Chiang Mai, Thailand A bar in Switzerland. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... Poster from the Western Music, directly related to the old English, Scottish, and Irish folk ballads, was originally composed by and about the people settling and working in the American West and western Canada. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Music City Location Location in Davidson County and the state of Tennessee Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Tennessee Davidson County Founded: Incorporated: 1780 1806 Mayor Bill Purcell (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 526. ...


As a relatively ethnically diverse city, Calgary also has a number of major multi-cultural areas and assets. It has one of the largest Chinatowns in Canada as well as a “Little Italy” in the Bridgeland neighbourhood. Not unique to a specific area in the city, the growing Ismaili community represents humanitarianism and brotherhood, and provides ongoing contributions to community development. Forest Lawn is among the most diverse areas in the city and as such, the area around 17th Avenue SE. within the neighbourhood is also known as International Avenue. The district is home to a wide variety of ethnic restaurants and stores. Calgarys Chinatown is the third largest in Canada after those in Vancouver and Toronto. ... International Avenue is a Business Revitalization Zone (BRZ) in Calgary, Alberta. ...


As the population has grown, and particularly, as the urban density in central Calgary has increased, so too has the vitality of this area. While the city continues to embrace suburbanism, people are beginning to find a wide variety alternatives in the inner city. This has led to significant increases in the popularity of central districts such as 17th Avenue, Kensington, Inglewood, Marda Loop and the Mission District. The nightlife and the availability of cultural venues in these areas has gradually begun to evolve as a result. Victoria Park was named after Queen Victoria, who is pictured above, as part of a monument to the Boer War. ... Kensington is a Business Revitalization Zone in Calgary, Alberta, focused around the intersection of Kensington Road and 10th St. ... Inglewood is a neighbourhood in central Calgary, Alberta, centered on 9th Avenue for several blocks east of the Elbow River. ... Marda Loop is a Business Revitalization Zone (BRZ) in Calgary, Alberta, centred on 33rd and 34th Avenues SW between Crowchild Trail and 19th Street SW. It straddles the neighbourhoods of Bankview, South Calgary and Richmond and is adjacent to the neighbourhood of Garrison Woods. ... Father Albert Lacombe (photo circa 1913) St. ...


Performing arts

Calgary is the site of the Southern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium, a 4 million cubic foot (113,000 m3) performing arts, culture and community facility. The auditorium is one of two "twin" facilities in the province, the other located in Edmonton. The 2,700-seat auditorium was opened in 1957 and has been host to hundreds of Broadway musical, theatrical, stage and local productions. Annually, over 850,000 visitors frequent the performance space. The "Jube", as both are known, is the resident home of the Alberta Ballet, the Calgary opera, the Kiwanis Music Festival, and the annual official civic Remembrance Day Ceremonies. Both auditoria are run by community-based non-profit societies, operate 365 days a year, and completed a $91 million renovation on the Province's Centennial, September 1, 2005. The Southern Alberta Jubilee Auditorium is a 4 million cubic foot (113,000 m3) performing arts, culture and community facility. ... The Alberta Ballet Company, in Edmonton, Alberta, was founded by Ruth Carse in the late 1950s and became a profesional company in 1966. ... Wreaths of artificial poppies used as a symbol of remembrance Remembrance Day or Armistice Day is a day of commemoration observed in the Commonwealth of Nations and various European countries (including France and Belgium) to commemorate World War I and other wars. ...


Calgary is also home to a number of contemporary and established theatre companies; among them are One Yellow Rabbit, which shares the EPCOR Centre for the Performing Arts with the Calgary Philharmonic Orchestra, as well as Theatre Calgary and Alberta Theatre Projects. There are also many smaller theatre and performing arts companies in the city. Calgary was also the birthplace of the improvisational theatre games known as Theatresports. The Calgary International Film Festival is also held in the city annually, as well as the International Festival of Animated Objects. One Yellow Rabbit is a contemporary theatre company based in Calgary, Alberta that started in 1982. ... The EPCOR Centre for the Performing Arts is an arts venue in downtown Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... The Calgary Philharmonic Orchestra is Southern Albertas most well regarded orchestra and it is based in Calgary. ... Theatre Calgary, theatre company in Calgary, Alberta, established as a professional company in 1968. ... Alberta Theatre Projects (ATP) is a Canadian theatre production company, founded in 1972, and based out of the Martha Cohen Theatre in Calgary, Alberta. ... Theatresports, or Theatre Sports, is a form of competitive improvisational theatre and is a trademark of the International Theatresports Institute (ITI). ... The Calgary International Film Festival (CIFF) is a film festival held annually in Calgary, Canada for ten days in late September and early October. ... The International Festival of Animated Objects is a bi-annual ten-day festival sponsored by the non-profit group CAOS - Calgary Animated Objects Society that promotes various arts that are more than just puppetry. ...


Museums and galleries

The city is home to several museums. The most well known of these, the Glenbow Museum is the largest in western Canada and includes an art gallery. Other major museums include the largest Chinese Cultural Centre in North America, the Canadian Olympic Hall of Fame (at Canada Olympic Park), The Military Museums, the Cantos Music Museum and the Aero Space Museum. There are also a number of art galleries in the city and many of them are concentrated along the Stephen Avenue and 17th Avenue corridors. The largest of these is the Art Gallery of Calgary (AGC). The Glenbow Museum is Western Canadas largest museum, with over 93,000 square feet (8,600 m²) of exhibition space in more than 20 galleries, showcasing a selection of the Glenbows collection of over a million objects. ... Canada Olympic Park (C.O.P.) is located in Calgary, Alberta. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with Museum of the Regiments. ... Stephen Avenue is a major pedestrian mall in downtown Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... Victoria Park was named after Queen Victoria, who is pictured above, as part of a monument to the Boer War. ...


Cultural events and festivals

Main article: Festivals in Calgary

Calgary is home to a number of major annual festivals and events. These include the growing Calgary International Film Festival, the Calgary Folk Music Festival, The Greek Festival, Carifest, the Lilac Festival, GlobalFest, the Calgary Fringe Festival, Summerstock, and many other cultural and ethnic festivals. Calgary's most well-known event is the Calgary Stampede, which occurs every July. It features an internationally recognized rodeo competition, a midway, stage shows, agricultural competitions, chuckwagon races, First Nations exhibitions, and pancake breakfasts around the city, among other attractions. It is among the largest and most well known festivals in Canada. The event has a 93 year history. In 2005, attendance at the 10-day rodeo and exhibition totalled 1,242,928. The following is a list of annual festivals and cultural events that take place in Calgary, Alberta, Canada and the surrounding area: Festival plaza in Eau Claire. ... The Calgary International Film Festival (CIFF) is a film festival held annually in Calgary, Canada for ten days in late September and early October. ... International Avenue is a Business Revitalization Zone (BRZ) in Calgary, Alberta. ... The Summerstock Theatre Festival is an annual outdoor festival of the arts held in the Arts District in downtown Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... Rider at the Stampede Rodeo The Calgary Stampede, which bills itself as The Greatest Outdoor show on Earth, is a large festival, exhibition, and rodeo held in Calgary, Alberta for ten days every July. ... First Nations is a term of ethnicity used in Canada. ...


Sports and recreation

Main article: Sport in Calgary

In large part due to its proximity to the Rocky Mountains, Calgary has traditionally been a popular destination for winter sports. Since hosting the 1988 Winter Olympics, the city has also been home to a number of major winter sporting facilities such as Canada Olympic Park (luge, cross-country skiing, ski jumping, downhill skiing, snowboarding, and some summer sports) and the Olympic Oval (speed skating and hockey). These facilities serve as the primary training venues for a number of competitive athletes. In the summer, the Bow River is very popular among fly-fishermen. Golfing is also an extremely popular activity for Calgarians and the region has a large number of courses. The city of Calgary, Alberta is home to a relatively deep-seeded tradition of winter sports. ... Image File history File links 1988_wolympics_logo. ... Rocky Mountains, White Goat Wilderness Area, Alberta, Canada The Canadian Rockies comprise the Canadian segment of the North American Rocky Mountains range. ... The 1988 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XV Olympic Winter Games, were held in Calgary, Alberta, Canada and opened by Governor General Jeanne Sauvé. The Olympics were highly successful financially as they brought in million-dollar profits. ... Canada Olympic Park (C.O.P.) is located in Calgary, Alberta. ... Image:Hackl. ... Cross-country skiing (also known as XC skiing) is a winter sport popular in many countries with large snowfields, primarily Northern Europe and Canada. ... Ski jumping is a winter sport in which skiers go down a hill with a take-off ramp (the jump), attempting to go as far as possible. ... The downhill is an alpine skiing discipline. ... This article or section seems not to be written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia entry. ... The Olympic Oval in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, is a covered speed skating oval built for the 1988 Winter Olympics. ... Speed skating or speedskating is a form of skating in which the competitors attempt to travel a certain distance as quickly as possible on skates. ... Ice hockey, known simply as hockey in areas where it is more common than field hockey, is a team sport played on ice. ... The Bow River is a river in the Canadian province of Alberta. ... Golfer after swing. ...


The city also has a large number of urban parks including Fish Creek Provincial Park, Nose Hill Park, Bowness Park, Edworthy Park, the Inglewood Bird Sanctuary, Confederation Park, and Prince's Island Park. Nose Hill Park is the largest municipal park in Canada. Connecting these parks and most of the city's neighbourhoods is one of the most extensive bike path systems in North America. Fish Creek Park is a provincial park located in the southern part of Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... Satellite photo of Nose Hill Nose Hill Park, is the largest municipal park in Canada, is located in the northwest quadrant of Calgary, Alberta. ... Bowness was a town in Alberta, Canada, which was annexed by the city of Calgary in 1964. ... Edworthy Park is located in the southwest section of Calgary along the south shore of the Bow River. ... Inglewood is a neighbourhood in central Calgary, Alberta, centered on 9th Avenue for several blocks east of the Elbow River. ...


Professional sports teams

Logo Club League Venue Established Championships
Calgary Flames logo Calgary Flames National Hockey League Pengrowth Saddledome 1972* 1
Calgary Stampeders logo Calgary Stampeders Canadian Football League McMahon Stadium 1948 5
Calgary Roughnecks Logo Calgary Roughnecks National Lacrosse League Pengrowth Saddledome 2001 1
Calgary Vipers Logo Calgary Vipers Northern League (Baseball) Foothills Stadium 2005 0

(*) Established as the Atlanta Flames. Became the Calgary Flames in 1980. Image File history File links Calgary_Flames. ... The Calgary Flames are a professional ice hockey team based in Calgary, Alberta. ... The modernized NHL shield logo debuted in 2005, replacing the orange and black shield, which had been used since the leagues inception. ... The Saddledome and Calgary skyline The Pengrowth Saddledome is the main indoor arena facility in Calgary, and is situated on the east end of the Calgary Exhibition and Stampede grounds. ... Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... This article is for the CFL football team. ... The Canadian Football League (CFL), also known by its French name, Ligue canadienne de football (LCF), is a professional league located entirely in Canada that plays Canadian football. ... McMahon Stadium is a Canadian football stadium located in Calgary, Alberta. ... Image File history File links Cgyrough. ... The Calgary Roughnecks are a member of the National Lacrosse League based in Calgary, Alberta. ... Old MILL logo The National Lacrosse League (NLL) is the professional league of mens indoor lacrosse in North America. ... The Saddledome and Calgary skyline The Pengrowth Saddledome is the main indoor arena facility in Calgary, and is situated on the east end of the Calgary Exhibition and Stampede grounds. ... 2005 logo of Calgary Vipers (baseball club) of Northern League. ... The Calgary Vipers are an independent minor league baseball team in the Northern League. ... The Northern League is an Independent minor league baseball league which operates in the Midwestern United States and the Canadian provinces of Manitoba and Alberta. ... A view of the playing field at Busch Stadium II St. ... Foothills Stadium, formerly Burns Stadium, is a stadium in Calgary, Alberta. ... The Atlanta Flames were a National Hockey League (NHL) team based in Atlanta, Georgia from 1972 to 1980. ... The Calgary Flames are a professional ice hockey team based in Calgary, Alberta. ...


Amateur and junior clubs

Logo Club League Venue Established Championships
Calgary Hitmen Logo Calgary Hitmen Western Hockey League Pengrowth Saddledome 1995 1
Calgary Canucks Logo Calgary Canucks Alberta Junior Hockey League Max Bell Centre 1971 9
Calgary Royals Logo Calgary Royals Alberta Junior Hockey League Father David Bauer Olympic Arena 1990 1
Calgary Oval X-treme Logo Calgary Oval X-Treme Western Women's Hockey League Olympic Oval 1995 4

Image File history File links File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Playoff game against the Lethbridge Hurricanes The Calgary Hitmen are a junior ice hockey team in the Eastern Conference (Central Division) of the Western Hockey League in Calgary, Alberta. ... The Western Hockey League is one of the three hockey Major Junior Tier I leagues which constitute the Canadian Hockey League. ... The Saddledome and Calgary skyline The Pengrowth Saddledome is the main indoor arena facility in Calgary, and is situated on the east end of the Calgary Exhibition and Stampede grounds. ... Image File history File links Calgary_Canucks. ... The Calgary Canucks are an ice hockey team in the Alberta Junior Hockey League. ... AJHL Emblem The AJHL (Alberta Junior Hockey League) is an Alberta-based Tier II Junior A hockey league that belongs to the Canadian Junior A Hockey League (CJAHL). ... The Max Bell Centre (often referred to as the Max Bell Arena) is an ice hockey arena in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... Image File history File links Calgary_Royals. ... The Calgary Jr. ... AJHL Emblem The AJHL (Alberta Junior Hockey League) is an Alberta-based Tier II Junior A hockey league that belongs to the Canadian Junior A Hockey League (CJAHL). ... Image File history File links CalgaryOvalXtreme. ... The Calgary Oval X-Treme are an ice hockey team in the Western Womens Hockey League. ... The Western Womens Hockey League (WWHL) is one of two womens hockey leagues in Canada. ... The Olympic Oval in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, is a covered speed skating oval built for the 1988 Winter Olympics. ...

Attractions

Calgary's skyline at night (from the south)
Calgary's skyline at night (from the south)

Calgary's downtown features an eclectic mix of restaurants and bars, cultural venues, shopping (most notably, TD Square, Calgary Eaton Centre, Stephen Avenue, and 17th Avenue), and public squares such as Olympic Plaza. Downtown tourist attractions include the Calgary Zoo, the TELUS World of Science, the TELUS Convention Centre, the Chinatown district, the Glenbow Museum, the Calgary Tower, the Art Gallery of Calgary (AGC), the EPCOR Centre for the Performing Arts, and Eau Claire Market. At 2.5 acres (10,000 m²), the Devonian Gardens is one of the largest urban indoor gardens in the world, and it is located on the 4th floor of TD Square (above the shopping). The downtown region is also home to Prince's Island Park, an urban park located just north of the Eau Claire district. Directly to the south of downtown is Midtown and the Beltline. This area is quickly becoming one of the city's densest and most active mixed use areas. At the district's core is the popular "17th Avenue", which is known for its many bars and nightclubs, restaurants, and shopping venues. During the Calgary Flames' playoff run in 2004, 17th Avenue was frequented by over 50,000 fans and supporters per game night. The concentration of notorious red jersey-wearing fans led to the street's playoff moniker, the "Red Mile". Downtown Calgary is easily accessed using the city's C-Train rapid transit system. The following is a list of attractions and landmarks in or near Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2046x1219, 672 KB) Summary Description: Calgary skyline and Pengrowth Saddledome at night Source: photo taken by author Date: 10. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2046x1219, 672 KB) Summary Description: Calgary skyline and Pengrowth Saddledome at night Source: photo taken by author Date: 10. ... View of downtown Calgary from Princes Island. ... Calgary Eaton Centre Calgary Eaton Centre is a shopping centre located along Stephen Avenue in the downtown core of Calgary, Alberta. ... Stephen Avenue is a major pedestrian mall in downtown Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... Victoria Park was named after Queen Victoria, who is pictured above, as part of a monument to the Boer War. ... The Prehistoric Park The Calgary Zoo is located in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... The TELUS World of Science, Calgary, is a science museum and planetarium complex located in Calgary, Alberta. ... Calgarys Chinatown is the third largest in Canada after those in Vancouver and Toronto. ... The Glenbow Museum is Western Canadas largest museum, with over 93,000 square feet (8,600 m²) of exhibition space in more than 20 galleries, showcasing a selection of the Glenbows collection of over a million objects. ... Calgary Tower Calgary Towers Glass Floor The Calgary Tower is a 190 metre free standing tower in downtown Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... The EPCOR Centre for the Performing Arts is an arts venue in downtown Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... Eau Claire Market The neighbourhood of Eau Claire in Calgary, Alberta, Canada is located immediately north of Downtown, and south of the Bow River. ... The Devonian Gardens is an indoor garden in Calgary, Alberta. ... View of downtown Calgary from Princes Island. ... Victoria Park was named after Queen Victoria, who is pictured above, as part of a monument to the Boer War. ... Victoria Park was named after Queen Victoria, who is pictured above, as part of a monument to the Boer War. ... Victoria Park was named after Queen Victoria, who is pictured above, as part of a monument to the Boer War. ... The Calgary Flames are a professional ice hockey team based in Calgary, Alberta. ... Red Mile, Calgary 2004 The Red Mile is the name given to a several block stretch of 17th Avenue S.W. in Calgary, Alberta, Canada during the Calgary Flames 2004 Stanley Cup playoff run. ... View of downtown Calgary from Princes Island. ... Calgary Transit have recently introduced new SD-160 vehicles to complement their ageing original trains. ...


Attractions on the west side of the city include the Heritage Park Historical Village theme park, depicting life in pre-1914 Alberta and featuring working historic vehicles such as a steam train, paddlewheel boat and electric streetcar. The village itself is comprised of a mixture of replica buildings and historic structures relocated from southern Alberta. Other major city attractions include Canada Olympic Park (and the Canadian Olympic Hall of Fame), Calaway Park amusement park, and Race City Motorsport Park. In addition to the many shopping areas in the city centre, there are a number of large suburban shopping complexes in Calgary. Among the largest are Chinook Centre and Southcentre in the south, WestHills and Signal Hill in the southwest, Market Mall in the northwest, and Sunridge Mall in the northeast. Railway at Heritage Park Prairie Town at Heritage Park Heritage Park Historical Village is a theme park located in Calgary, Alberta. ... Canada Olympic Park (C.O.P.) is located in Calgary, Alberta. ... Chinook Centre is the largest mall (by area) in Calgary, Alberta (1,175,000 square feet). ...


Skyline

Calgary's downtown can easily be recognized by its numerous skyscrapers. Some of these structures, such as the Calgary Tower are unique enough to be symbols of Calgary. As a major business centre with a metropolitan population of just over a million people, this is not surprising. Office buildings tend to concentrate within the commercial core while residential towers occur most frequently within the Downtown West End and the Beltline, south of downtown. These buildings are iconographic of the city's booms and busts, and it is easy to recognize the various phases of development that have shaped the image of downtown. The first skyscraper building boom occurred during the late 1950s and continued through to the 1970s. After 1980, during a major recession, many highrise construction projects were immediately halted. It was not until the late 1980s and through to the early 1990s that major construction began again. This is a list of the 10 tallest skyscrapers in the city of Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... View of downtown Calgary from Princes Island. ... Calgary Tower Calgary Towers Glass Floor The Calgary Tower is a 190 metre free standing tower in downtown Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... Victoria Park was named after Queen Victoria, who is pictured above, as part of a monument to the Boer War. ...


In total, there are 8 office towers that are 40 floors or higher. The tallest of these (the Petro-Canada Centre), is the tallest office tower in Canada outside of Toronto. To connect many of the downtown office buildings, the city also boasts the world's most extensive skyway network (elevated indoor pedestrian bridges), officially called the +15. The name derives from the fact that the bridges are usually 15 feet above grade. Petro-Canada Centre Situated in the office core of downtown Calgary, the Petro-Canada Centre is a 1,945,000 square foot (181,000 m²) project comprised of two granite-clad and reflective glass office towers of 32 floors and 53 floors. ... A skyway is a path that is traversed without touching the ground. ... +15 sign and covered walkway The Plus 15 or +15 Skyway network in Calgary, Alberta, Canada, is the worlds most extensive pedestrian skywalk system with a total length of 16 km (10 miles). ...


Demographics

According the 2001 Statistics Canada federal census[3], there were 878,866 people living within the City of Calgary proper. Of this population, 49.9 per cent were male and 50.1 per cent were female. Children under five accounted for approximately 6.0 per cent of the resident population of Calgary. This compares with 6.2 per cent in Alberta, and almost 5.6 per cent for Canada overall. Statistics Canada is the Canadian federal government bureau commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ... Motto: Fortis et liber (Latin: Strong and free) Official languages English Flower Wild rose Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong Premier Ralph Klein (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 28 6 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked 6th 661,848 km² 642,317 km² 19...


In 2001, 9.0 per cent of the resident population in Calgary were of retirement age (65 and over for males and females) compared with 13.2 per cent in Canada, therefore, the average age is 34.9 years of age comparing to 37.6 years of age for all of Canada.


In the five years between 1996 and 2001, Calgary's population grew by 15.8 percent. This is contrasted with an increase of 10.3 percent for the province of Alberta. The population density of Calgary averaged 1,252.3 persons per square kilometre, compared with an average of 4.6, for the province. Motto: Fortis et liber (Latin: Strong and free) Official languages English Flower Wild rose Capital Edmonton Largest city Calgary Lieutenant-Governor Norman Kwong Premier Ralph Klein (PC) Parliamentary representation  - House seat  - Senate seats 28 6 Area Total  - Land  - Water    (% of total)  Ranked 6th 661,848 km² 642,317 km² 19...


A city-administered census, conducted annually to assist in negotiating financial agreements with the provincial and federal governemnts, showed a population of just over 956,000 in 2005. The population of the Calgary Census Metropolitan Area is just over 1.05 million. The Calgary Economic Region posted a population of just under 1.15 million in 2005. A census metropolitan area, or CMA is a Canadian census subdivision comprising a large urban area (known as the urban core) and adjacent areas (known as urban and rural fringes) that have a high degree of social and economic integration with the urban core. ... The Calgary Region is the metropolitan area based around Calgary, Alberta. ...


Calgary is the main city of Census Division No. 6 and the Calgary Regional Partnership. This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... The Calgary Region is the metropolitan area based around Calgary, Alberta. ...


Visible minority groups

A majority of Calgarians declare no visible minority status. This group comprises 79% of the population (688,465 people). Another 2.3% (19,765 people) of the population is Aboriginal. In addition, the city is home to a relatively large number of people belonging to visible minority groups. These groups include: Aboriginal peoples in Canada are Indigenous Peoples recognized in the Canadian Constitution Act, 1982, sections 25 and 35, respectively, as Indians (First Nations), Métis, and Inuit. ... Visible minorities are persons who are not of the majority race in a given population. ...

Based on single responses. Statistics are from the 2001 Statistics Canada census[3]. Map of South Asia South Asia is a subregion of Asia comprising the modern states of Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka, . It covers about 4,480,000 km², or 10 percent of the continent, and is also known as the Indian subcontinent. ... This article or section is in need of attention from an expert on the subject. ... Location of Southeast Asia Southeast Asia is a subregion of Asia. ... Latin America consists of the countries of South America and some of North America (including Central America and some the islands of the Caribbean) whose inhabitants mostly speak Romance languages, although Native American languages are also spoken. ... The Arabs (Arabic: عرب ) are an ethnic group found throughout the Middle East and North Africa. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... Statistics Canada is the Canadian federal government bureau commissioned with producing statistics to help better understand Canada, its population, resources, economy, society, and culture. ...


Government and politics

The clock tower of Calgary's Old City Hall (built in 1911), with Olympic Plaza in the foreground.
The clock tower of Calgary's Old City Hall (built in 1911), with Olympic Plaza in the foreground.

Calgary is traditionally viewed as a conservative city, dominated by traditional small-c social conservatives and fiscal conservatives. As the city is a corporate power-centre, a high percentage of the workforce is employed in white-collar jobs. During the 1990s the city's mainstream political culture was dominated by the right-wing Reform Party of Canada federally, and the Alberta Progressive Conservatives provincially. The Reform Party was founded in Calgary. Image File history File linksMetadata CalgaryCityHall. ... Image File history File linksMetadata CalgaryCityHall. ... The clock tower of Einsiedeln Abbey A clock tower is a tower built with one or more (often four) easily-seen clock faces. ... The Reform Party of Canada was a Canadian federal political party founded in 1987. ... The Alberta Progressive Conservative Association is a provincial right-of-centre party in the Canadian province of Alberta. ...


However, as Calgary's population has increased, so has the diversity of its politics. One growing alternative movement was recently active during the 2000 World Petroleum Congress demonstrations and the J26 G8 2002 protests. Protesters were a mix of locals and outsiders. In early 2003 in response to the 2003 invasion of Iraq, according to organizers, 5,000 to 10,000 people from southern Alberta, and elsewhere, converged outside the U.S. Consulate General's office. The city has chapters of various activist organizations, as well as an Anti-Capitalist Convergence. Left-wing provincial and federal Liberals tend to distance themselves from the activist movement which also claims support from the left. The Green Party of Canada has also made inroads in Calgary, exemplified by results of the 2004 federal election where they achieved 7.5% of the vote across the city and 11.3% in the Calgary North Centre riding. A provincial alternative, represented by the right-wing Alberta Alliance, became active during the 26th Alberta general election and campaigned for fiscally and socially conservative reforms, and managed a growing percentage of support thereafter. The snake march, on the morning of June 26, 2002, in Calgary. ... Combatants Coalition Forces: United States United Kingdom Australia Poland Spain Japan Iraq Commanders Tommy Franks Saddam Hussein Strength 263,000 375,000 The 2003 invasion of Iraq, termed Operation Iraqi Freedom by the US administration, began on March 20. ... Anti-Capitalist Convergences (ACC) are organizations which sprang up in North America in the late 1990s and early 2000s as forms of coordinating activities by the growing social justice, anarchist, and environmentalist anti-capitalists. ... The Green Party of Canada is a federal political party in Canada. ... The Canadian federal election, 2004 (more formally, the 38th general election), was held on June 28, 2004 to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. ... The Alberta Alliance is a right wing political party in Alberta. ... -1...


Provincial politics

Prior to the November 22, 2004 General Election, all 21 provincial MLAs representing Calgary were Progressive Conservatives. The province's premier and leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Alberta, Ralph Klein, has held his Calgary Elbow seat since 1989. The Alberta Liberals won three seats in the provincial legislature during that election, two of which were new as a result of redistricting. November 22 is the 326th day (327th on leap years) of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2004 (MMIV) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Legislative Assembly of Alberta meets in the provincial capital, Edmonton. ... The Alberta Progressive Conservative Association is a provincial right-of-centre party in the Canadian province of Alberta. ... Ralph Phillip Klein MLA (born November 1, 1942), leader of the Alberta Progressive Conservatives, is the current premier of the Canadian province of Alberta. ... Calgary Elbow is a provincial electoral district for the Legislative Assembly of Alberta, Canada. ... 1989 (MCMLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The Alberta Liberal Party is a political party in Alberta, Canada. ...


Federal politics

Currently, all eight of Calgary's federal MPs are members of the Conservative Party of Canada. The CPC's predecessors have traditionally held the majority of the city's federal seats. The federal electoral district of Calgary-Southwest is currently held by Prime Minister and CPC leader Stephen Harper. Coincidentally, the same seat was also held by Preston Manning, the leader of the Reform Party of Canada, a predecessor of CPC. Joe Clark, former Prime Minister and former leader of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (also a predecessor of the CPC), held the seat in the now-abolished riding of Calgary Centre. Of Canada's 22 serving Prime Ministers, two have come from a Calgary riding; the first was the Right Honourable R.B. Bennett who held that position from 1930 to 1935. The House of Commons (French: Chambre des communes) is a component of the Parliament of Canada, along with the Sovereign (represented by the Governor General) and the Senate. ... The Conservative Party of Canada (French: Parti conservateur du Canada), colloquially known as the Tories, is a right-of-centre political party in Canada, formed by the merger of the Canadian Alliance and the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in December 2003. ... A constituency is any cohesive corporate unit or body bound by shared structures, goals or loyalty. ... Calgary Southwest is a federal electoral district in Alberta, Canada, that has been represented in the Canadian House of Commons since 1988. ... Stephen Joseph Harper (born April 30, 1959) is the 22nd and current Prime Minister of Canada and leader of the Conservative Party of Canada. ... Preston Manning Ernest Preston Manning (born June 10, 1942, in Edmonton, Alberta), is a Canadian politician. ... The Reform Party of Canada was a Canadian federal political party founded in 1987. ... Charles Joseph Joe Clark (born June 5, 1939 in High River, Alberta) was the sixteenth prime minister of Canada from June 4, 1979, to March 3, 1980. ... Sir Robert Walpole, the first Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. ... The Progressive Conservative Party of Canada (PC) (In French: Parti progressiste-conservateur du Canada) was a Canadian centre-right conservative political party that existed from 1867 to 2003. ... In the British Isles since Anglo-Saxon times, a riding is traditionally a sub-division (especially in three) of a county, in Australia analogous. ... For the British composer named Richard Bennett, see Richard Rodney Bennett. ...


However in the last election (2006) the Liberal Party of Canada gained in popular support and received stronger support than the provincial Liberal Party did in the 2004 provincial election. The 2006 Canadian federal election (more formally, the 39th General Election) was held on January 23, 2006, to elect members of the Canadian House of Commons. ... The Liberal Party of Canada (French: Parti libéral du Canada), colloquially known as the Grits (originally Clear Grits), is a Canadian federal political party positioned around the centre of the political spectrum, combining a generally progressive social policy with moderate economics. ... Alberta riding map showing the winning parties and their vote percentage in each won riding. ...


Contemporary issues

As a city that has experienced rapid growth in recent years, Calgary is having its share of growing pains. Among the most significant is that of urban sprawl. With no geographical barriers to its growth besides the Tsuu T'ina First Nation to the southwest and an affluent population that can afford large homes and properties, the city now has only a slightly smaller urban footprint than that of New York City and its boroughs, despite having less than one-eighth the population of New York City proper. This has led to difficulties in providing necessary transportation to Calgary’s population, both in the form of roadways and public transit. The result has also been a downtown which has traditionally lacked life on the evenings and weekends. It has also led to a somewhat misguided interpretation of the city as being a “driver’s city”. With the redevelopment of the Beltline and the Downtown East Village at the forefront, efforts are underway to vastly increase the density of the inner city, but the sprawl continues nevertheless. In 2003, the combined population of the downtown neighbourhoods (the Downtown Commercial Core, the Downtown East Village, the Downtown West End, Eau Claire, and Chinatown) was just over 12,600. In addition, the Beltline to the south of downtown had a population of 17,200. Urban sprawl (also: suburban sprawl) is a term for the rapid and expansive growth of a greater metropolitan area, traditionally suburbs (or exurbs) over a large area. ... Tsuu Tina Nation 145 is the name of an Indian reserve in southern Alberta, Canada. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Big Apple Location Location in the state of New York Government Counties (Boroughs) Bronx (The Bronx) New York (Manhattan) Queens (Queens) Kings (Brooklyn) Richmond (Staten Island) Mayor Michael Bloomberg (R) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,214. ... A borough is an administrative division used in the Canadian province of Quebec, in some states of the United States, and formerly in New Zealand. ... Victoria Park was named after Queen Victoria, who is pictured above, as part of a monument to the Boer War. ... The Downtown East Village is a residential neighbourhood within the eastern portions of downtown Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... View of downtown Calgary from Princes Island. ... The neighbourhood of Eau Claire in Calgary, Alberta is located immediately north of Downtown, and south of the Bow River. ... Calgarys Chinatown is the third largest in Canada after those in Vancouver and Toronto. ...

Calgary has also struggled to find its own unique identity. On the one hand, it has relentlessly tried to maintain its western heritage. This has led to the popular nickname, "Cowtown". At the same time, the city has branded itself as being a modern economic and business centre. In recent years, Calgary has also become one of Canada's most cosmopolitan cities and has been quickly evolving into a major cultural centre. These very different images have often resulted in ambiguity and confusion with regard to the direction of Calgary's continued development. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2442x1830, 2781 KB) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... Image File history File linksMetadata Download high resolution version (2442x1830, 2781 KB) Licensing I, the creator of this work, hereby release it into the public domain. ... A condominium is a form of housing tenure. ... View of downtown Calgary from Princes Island. ... The term cosmopolitan refers to an individual who retains cultural roots in his or her country of origin, yet has adopted a wide taste for other cultures, and so lives both a local and global life. ...


Many socioeconomic issues have found their way into the city’s urban fabric in recent history. As the population grows, so does the rate of poverty and homelessness in the city. Certain neighbourhoods along with portions of downtown have commonly been singled out as being home to much higher proportions of disadvantaged residents. Many neighbourhoods in the city’s east have been particularly (and perhaps unfairly) stereotyped this way. Socioeconomics is the study of the social and economic impacts of any product or service offering, market intervention or other activity on an economy as a whole and on the companies, organisation and individuals who are its main economic actors. ... View of downtown Calgary from Princes Island. ...


Although Calgary and Alberta have traditionally been affordable places to live, substantial growth (much of it due to the prosperous energy sector) has led to increasing demand on real-estate. As a result, house prices in Calgary have increased significantly in recent years and are now quite high relative to other Canadian cities.


Crime

Even though Calgary has a relatively low crime rate when compared to other cities in North America, gangs and drug-related crime are becoming much larger issues than they have been in the past. Gang “warfare” is becoming more common all the time and contributes to a number of homicides in the city annually. Drug busts (particularly of Marijuana growth operations) are also becoming very common, especially in suburban communities where anonymity is possible. A gang is a group of individuals who share a common identity and, in current usage, engage in illegal activities. ... Etymology: Latin homicidium, from homo- human being + caedere- to cut, kill Homicide is the intentional or negligent killing of another human being by one or more persons. ... Species Cannabis indica Cannabis ruderalis Cannabis sativa Cannabis (drug) Hemp Hemp (disambiguation) Cannabis is a genus of flowering plant that includes one or more species. ...


Economy

Despite much diversification in recent years, Calgary's economy is still dominated by the oil and gas industry. The larger companies include EnCana, Petro-Canada, Shell Canada, Imperial Oil, Suncor Energy, and TransCanada. EnCana Corporation is one of the largest independently owned oil and gas companies in the world. ... Petro-Canada is a Canadian oil and gas firm headquartered in Calgary, Alberta. ... Shell Canada Limited (TSX: SHC) is one of Canadas largest integrated oil companies. ... Imperial Oil Limited TSX: IMO is Canadas largest petroleum company. ... Suncor Energy Inc. ... TransCanada (TSX: TRP) is a large energy company based in Calgary, Alberta. ...


In 1996, Canadian Pacific Railway moved its head office to Calgary, and is now among the city's top employers. Furthermore, in 2005, Imperial Oil moved its headquarters from Toronto to Calgary, relocating roughly 400 families in the process. The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR; AAR reporting marks CP, CPAA, CPI), known as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, is a Canadian Class I railway operated by Canadian Pacific Railway Limited. ... Imperial Oil Limited TSX: IMO is Canadas largest petroleum company. ...


Other large employers include the Forzani Group, ATCO, Fluor Canada, Shaw Cable, Nortel and Westjet The Forzani Group Ltd. ... ATCO Ltd. ... Shaw is Canadas second largest cable television operator, after Rogers Communications. ... Northern Telecommunications Networks, commonly known as Nortel, is a telecommunications equipment manufacturer headquartered in Canada. ... WestJet TSX: WJA is a Canadian low-cost carrier based in Calgary, Alberta that flies to most major cities in Canada and now 11 cities in the United States. ...


Office space totals about 50 million square feet in the city (32 million are within the downtown commercial core). View of downtown Calgary from Princes Island. ...


Education

Post-secondary

University of Calgary Campus
University of Calgary Campus

Calgary is the site of five major public post-secondary institutions. The University of Calgary is Calgary's primary large degree-granting facility. Currently, nearly 30,000 students are enrolled there. Mount Royal College is the city's second largest institution (13,000 students), and it grants degrees in a number of fields. Bow Valley College's main campus is located downtown and provides training in business, technology, and the liberal arts for about 10,000 students (the college has three campuses in Calgary and numerous in the region). The Southern Alberta Institute of Technology (SAIT) provides polytechnic education. The Alberta College of Art and Design (ACAD) is located in Calgary. In addition, the University of Lethbridge has a satellite campus in the city. ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1531x1148, 1112 KB) Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... ImageMetadata File history File links Download high resolution version (1531x1148, 1112 KB) Licensing File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... It has been suggested that University of Calgary Faculty of Law be merged into this article or section. ... Mount Royal College is an undergraduate college located in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... Bow Valley College is a vocational college in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... View of downtown Calgary from Princes Island. ... Southern Alberta Institute of Technology, or SAIT (say-t) as its referred to locally, is located in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... The Alberta College of Art & Design is located in Calgary on the North Hill overlooking the Bow River and the downtown skyline, in a 245,000 square foot (23,000 m²) building that was designed in 1973 specifically as an art college. ... The University of Lethbridge sits among the coulees on the scenic west side of the Oldman River in the city of Lethbridge, Alberta, Canada. ...


There are also several private liberal arts institutions including Alliance University College, Nazarene University College and St. Mary's University College. There are a number of other smaller private colleges in the city. Calgary is also home to DeVry Career College's only Canadian campus. Calgary was also the home of the Milton Wiliams School for Education Through the Arts, a national centre of excellence in arts immersion education for children between the fifth and ninth grades; however, in early 2005, the aging school was demolished. However, the school is still active on the grounds of the Willow Park Elementary School. DeVry University is a for-profit system of full and part-time career colleges and Technical colleges in the United States and Canada offering a variety of Associates degrees, Bachelors of Arts or Bachelors of Technology degrees at the undergraduate levels up through Masters degrees, and...


School system and K-12

In the year 2005 roughly 97,000 students attended K-12 in about 215 schools in the English language public school system run by the Calgary Board of Education[4]. Another 43,000 attend about 93 schools in the separate English language Calgary Catholic School District board[5]. The much smaller francophone community has their own French language school boards (public and Catholic), which are both based in Calgary, but serve a larger regional district. Also, there are now several public charter schools in the city. Calgary has a number of unique schools, including the country's first high school exclusively designed for Olympic calibre athletes, the National Sport School. Calgary is also home to many private schools including Strathcona Tweedsmuir, Rundle College, West Island College, and Masters Academy. The Calgary Board of Education (CBE) is the public school board in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... The Calgary Catholic School District (CCSD) is the Catholic separate school board in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... Alberta charter schools are a special type of public schools, which have a greater degree of autonomy than a normal school, to allow them to offer programs that are significantly different than regular public schools operated by district school boards. ... The National Sport School (NSS) is a public high school (secondary school) in Calgary, Alberta; which teaches grades 9 through 12. ...


Calgary is also home to Western Canada's largest high school, "Lord Beaverbrook High School", with 2241 students enrolled in the 2005-2006 school year.


Infrastructure

Transportation

Calgary's C-Train system.
Calgary's C-Train system.

Calgary is considered a transportation hub for much of central and western Canada. Calgary International Airport (YYC), in the city's northeast, is the fourth largest in Canada by passenger movements and is also a major cargo hub. Non-stop destinations include cities throught Canada, the United States, Europe, Central America, and Asia (cargo services only). Calgary's presence on the Trans-Canada Highway and the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) mainline also make it an important hub for freight. Calgary no longer has regular interurban passenger rail service but CPR still operates a passenger railway station for rail tour companies at Palliser Square. Transportation in Calgary Regional See also: List of airports in the Calgary area Calgary is a major Canadian transportation centre and a central cargo hub for freight into and out of north-western North America. ... Download high resolution version (1016x762, 100 KB)Calgary Transit C-Train Siemens SD-160 car 2214, August 18, 2004. ... Download high resolution version (1016x762, 100 KB)Calgary Transit C-Train Siemens SD-160 car 2214, August 18, 2004. ... Calgary International Airport, (IATA: YYC, ICAO: CYYC), is a medium-sized airport that serves Calgary, Alberta, Canada and the surrounding region. ... World map showing Europe Political map Europe is one of the seven continents of Earth which, in this case, is more a cultural and political distinction than a physiographic one, leading to various perspectives about Europes borders. ... Map of Central America Central America is a central region of the Americas. ... World map showing the location of Asia. ... Trans Canada Highway over Canada Map The Trans-Canada Highway is a federal-provincial highway system that joins all ten provinces of Canada. ... The Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR; AAR reporting marks CP, CPAA, CPI), known as CP Rail between 1968 and 1996, is a Canadian Class I railway operated by Canadian Pacific Railway Limited. ...


Calgary maintains a major streets network and a freeway system. Much of the system is on a grid where roads are numbered with avenues running east-west and streets running north-south. Roads in predominantly residential areas as well as freeways and expressways do not generally conform to the grid and are usually not numbered as a result. In addition, Calgary Transit provides public transportation services throughout the city with buses and light rail. Calgary's rail system, known as the CTrain was one of the first such systems in North America and consists of three lines (two routes) on 42.1 km of track (mostly at grade with a dedicated right-of-way). The bus system has over 160 routes. Calgary Transit is the public transit service which is owned and operated by the city of Calgary, Alberta. ... An early motorized bus - a Benz truck modified by Netphener company (1895) A bus is a large automobile intended to carry numerous persons in addition to the driver and sometimes a conductor. ... This article is about light rail systems in general. ... Calgary Transit have recently introduced new SD-160 vehicles to complement their ageing original trains. ...


As an alternative to dedicated bikeways on streets of which there are only a few, the city has a large interconnected network of paved bicycle paths spanning close to 600 km.


Medical centres and hospitals

Calgary currently has three major hospitals; the Foothills Medical Centre, the Rockyview General Hospital and the Peter Lougheed Centre, all overseen by the Calgary Health Region. A medical evacuation helicopter operates under the auspices of the Shock Trauma Air Rescue Society. Calgary also has the Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Alberta Children's Hospital, and Grace Women's Health Centre providing a variety of care, in addition to hundreds of smaller medical and dental clinics. The University of Calgary Medical Centre also operates in partnership with the Calgary Health Region. Foothills Medical Centre Calgary currently has three major hospitals; the Foothills Medical Centre, the Rockyview General Hospital and the Peter Lougheed Centre, all overseen by the Calgary Health Region. ... Foothills Medical Centre is the largest hospital in Alberta, Canada. ... The Shock Trauma Air Rescue Society (S.T.A.R.S) was formed in Calgary, Alberta, as a means of funding the purchase of the citys first medical evacuation helicopter. ...


Military

Main article: Military in Calgary
Mewata Armoury is just one location maintaining an active part-time training garrison.
Mewata Armoury is just one location maintaining an active part-time training garrison.

The presence of the Canadian military has been part of Calgary's economy and culture since the early years of the 20th century, beginning with the assignment of a squadron of Strathcona's Horse. After many failed attempts to create the city's own unit, the 103rd Regiment (Calgary Rifles) was finally authorized on 1 Apr 1910. Canadian Forces Base (CFB) Calgary was established as Currie Barracks and Harvie Barracks following the Second World War. The base remained the most significant Department of National Defence (DND) institution in the city until it was decommissioned in 1998. Despite this closure, Calgary is still home to a number of Canadian Forces Reserve units, garrisoned throughout the city, along with a small cadre of Regular Force support. Beginning with establishment of Fort Calgary (a Northwest Mounted Police fort) in 1875, the city of Calgary, Alberta has had some degree of permanent military presence throughout its history. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (837x675, 69 KB) Summary Uploaded by original photographer and webmaster of originating site, www. ... Image File history File links Download high resolution version (837x675, 69 KB) Summary Uploaded by original photographer and webmaster of originating site, www. ... Lord Strathconas Horse (Royal Canadians) (LdSH [RC]) is a regular armoured regiment of the Canadian Forces. ... Canadian Forces Base Calgary was a major base for the Canadian Armed Forces located within Calgary, Alberta. ... Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km into the air. ... The Department of National Defence, frequently referred to by its acronym DND, is the department within the government of Canada with responsibility for Canadas military, the Canadian Armed Forces. ...


Local media

This is a list of media outlets in the Canadian city of Calgary, Alberta. ...

Other names

  • Cowtown
  • The Stampede City
  • The Heart of The New West (the New Convention and Visitors Bureau slogan)

Rider at the Stampede Rodeo The Calgary Stampede, which bills itself as The Greatest Outdoor show on Earth, is a large festival, exhibition, and rodeo held in Calgary, Alberta for ten days every July. ...

Sister cities

Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_States. ... Flag Seal Nickname: Valley of the Sun Location Location in Maricopa County and the state of Arizona Coordinates , Government Country State Counties United States Arizona Maricopa Incorporated February 25, 1881 Mayor Phil Gordon (D) Geographical characteristics Area     City 1,230. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_South_Korea. ... Daejeon Metropolitan City is a metropolitan city in the centre of South Korea, and the capital of South Chungcheong Province. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Mexico. ... An aerial shot of the Satélite Towers —one of the most important symbols of Naucalpan— taken from a helicopter. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_Peoples_Republic_of_China. ... Daqing (Simplified Chinese: 大庆; Traditional Chinese: 大慶) (pronounced Da Tshing) is a city in northeast China in the Heilongjiang province. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_India. ... Also known as the Pink City, Jaipur has a long, rich and colorful history. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Canada. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article may require removal of excess red links (links to non-existent articles, like this one). ...

See also

Find more information on Calgary by searching Wikipedia's sister projects:

 Dictionary definitions from Wiktionary
 Textbooks from Wikibooks
 Quotations from Wikiquote
 Source texts from Wikisource
 Images and media from Commons
 News stories from Wikinews The Calgary Region is the metropolitan area based around Calgary, Alberta. ... Calgary Transit is the public transit service which is owned and operated by the city of Calgary, Alberta. ... Rider at the Stampede Rodeo The Calgary Stampede, which bills itself as The Greatest Outdoor show on Earth, is a large festival, exhibition, and rodeo held in Calgary, Alberta for ten days every July. ... View of downtown Calgary from Princes Island. ... It has been suggested that University of Calgary Faculty of Law be merged into this article or section. ... The Calgary Board of Education (CBE) is the public school board in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... This is a list of mayors of Calgary, Alberta. ... The below table is a list of the 100 largest cities (or municipalities) in Canada. ... The below table is a list of the 100 largest Metropolitan Areas in Canada. ... The 1988 Winter Olympics, officially known as the XV Olympic Winter Games, were held in Calgary, Alberta, Canada and opened by Governor General Jeanne Sauvé. The Olympics were highly successful financially as they brought in million-dollar profits. ... The city of Calgary, Alberta, Canada has over 180 neighbourhoods. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged with List of people born in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Image File history File links Wikibooks-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikiquote-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... Image File history File links Commons-logo. ... Image File history File links Wikinews-logo. ...

References

  1. ^ Statcan - Calgary-Edmonton Corridor
  2. ^ Historical oil prices
  3. ^ a b Calgary Community Profile Statistics Canada. 2002. 2001 Community Profiles. Released June 27, 2002. Last modified: 2005-11-30. Statistics Canada Catalogue no. 93F0053XIE
  4. ^ Calgary Board of Education - Students attendance
  5. ^ Calgary Catholic School District board

External links

Wikitravel is a project to create an open content, complete, up-to-date, and reliable world-wide travel guide. ...

Images

North: Rocky View No. 44
West: Tsuu T'ina Nation 145
Calgary East: Rocky View No. 44
South: Foothills No. 31
North: Airdrie
West: Cochrane
Calgary East: Chestermere
South: Okotoks

Coordinates: 51°02′42″N, 114°03′26″W The province of Alberta, Canada, is divided into 19 census divisions according to Statistics Canada. ... Division No. ... Division No. ... Division No. ... Division No. ... Division No. ... This article is being considered for deletion in accordance with Wikipedias deletion policy. ... Division No. ... Division No. ... Division No. ... Division No. ... Division No. ... Division No. ... Division No. ... Division No. ... Division No. ... Division No. ... Division No. ... Division No. ... Division No. ... Communities of the Province of Alberta, Canada See also list of Alberta census divisions for census divisions and counties in Alberta // Cities Airdrie Brooks Calgary Camrose [[Cold f St. ... Airdrie is a city in Alberta, Canada, located just north of Calgary within the Calgary-Edmonton Corridor. ... Brooks is a city in Alberta, Canada. ... Camrose, a Canadian city, is situated in Central Alberta, amidst some of the richest farmland in the prairies. ... Cold Lake (2005 population: 11,595) is a city in northeastern Alberta, Canada. ... Edmonton is the capital of the Canadian province of Alberta, situated in the north central region of the province, an area with some of the most fertile farm land on the prairies. ... Fort Saskatchewan Fort Saskatchewan is a city of 13,000 located 25km northeast of Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. ... Grande Prairie ( MST) is the chief city in the northwestern part of the province of Alberta. ... For the disambiguation page of Leduc, see Leduc (disambiguation) The area of Leduc, Alberta (53°16′ N 113°32′ W Elevation: about 668 m or 2192 feet), began in 1889 when Robert Taylor Telford settled on a piece of land near a scenic lake. ... Lethbridge is a city in the province of Alberta, Canada. ... Lloydminster is a Canadian city which has the unusual geographic distinction of straddling a provincial border. ... Motto: Template:Unhide = A Community of Choice Location City Information Established: City: 09 May 1906 Area: 120. ... Red Deer () is a city in central Alberta, Canada, located almost midway between Calgary and Edmonton within the Calgary-Edmonton Corridor. ... Spruce Grove is a western suburb of Edmonton, Alberta. ... St. ... Wetaskiwin is also the name of a federal electoral district. ... Counties and municipal districts of Alberta are administrative subdivisions of the provinces census divisions. ... Acadia No. ... Athabasca County No. ... Barrhead County No. ... The Municipal District of Bighorn No. ... Bonnyville No. ... Red Deer County is a municipal district in west central Alberta, Canada in Division No. ... Flagstaff County is a county in east central Alberta, Canada. ... Foothills No. ... Grande Prairie County No. ... Kananaskis is an improvement district (a type of rural municipal administrative unit) situated to the west of Calgary, Alberta, Canada in the foothills and front ranges of the Canadian Rockies. ... Kneehill County is an agricultural district situated in Division No. ... Lakeland County is a county in Division No. ... Map of Lamont County Lamont County, Alberta is a rich agricultural district Northeast of Edmonton. ... Leduc County is a county municipality in central Alberta, Canada. ... Lethbridge County is located in southern Alberta. ... Mountain View County is a county in Division No. ... Lunenburg is a county municipality in central Alberta, Canada west of Edmonton in Division No. ... // General Information Ponoka County, Alberta is a relatively new county formed in Canada. ... Red Deer County is a county municipality in central Alberta, Canada in Division No. ... The Municipal District of Rocky View #44 is a mostly-rural municipality located close to the city of Calgary, Alberta. ... Situated in the Central Peace Country of northwestern Alberta, Saddle Hills County is located approximately 450 kilometres north of Edmonton and only 90 kilometres from Grande Prairie. ... Overview starland County is located in Alberta Canada Its population as of 2004 was about 2,210. ... The county of Stettler includes the town of Stettler, Alberta the hamlets of Byemoor, Endiang, Erskine, Nevis, and Red Willow; the villages of Big Valley, Botha, Donalda, Gadsby and the summer villages of Rochon Sands and White Sands. ... Strathcona County is a Specialized municipality in central Alberta, Canada between Edmonton and Elk Island National Park. ... Sturgeon County (or M.D. #24, as it is officially known) is a Municipal district in central Alberta, Canada. ... Taber is a town of approximately 8,000 people in Southern Alberta, Canada. ... Description County of Thorhild No. ... Vermilion River County No. ... The town of Vulcan is located midway between the cities of Calgary and Lethbridge, in the southern part of Alberta, Canada. ... Westlock County is a county in central Alberta north of Edmonton and surounding the Town of Westlock, Alberta. ... Wetaskiwin is also the name of a federal electoral district. ... The regional municipality of Wood Buffalo is located in the northeastern corner of Alberta. ... Yellowhead County is a municipal district in west central Alberta, Canada. ... Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...



  Results from FactBites:
 
Calgary, Alberta - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5997 words)
Calgary is the largest city in Alberta and the third largest city proper, by population, in Canada.
Calgary is well-known as a destination for winter sports and ecotourism with a number of major mountain resorts near the city and metropolitan area.
This is contrasted with an increase of 10.3 percent for the province of Alberta.
Alberta - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (5367 words)
Alberta is the leading beekeeping province of Canada, with some beekeepers wintering hives indoors in specially designed barns in southern Alberta, then migrating north during the summer into the Peace River valley where the season is short but the working days are long for honeybees to produce honey from clover and fireweed.
Alberta also has a large Hutterite population, a communal Anabaptist sect similar to the Mennonites, and a significant population of Seventh-day Adventists in and around the Lacombe area due to the presence of the Canadian University College.
Central and northern Alberta and the region farther north is the nesting-ground of the migratory birds.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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