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Encyclopedia > Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana

Calcasieu Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. The parish seat is Lake Charles and as of 2000, the population is 183,577. A parish is a subdivision. ... A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, together with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... State nickname: Pelican State Other U.S. States Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans Governor Kathleen Blanco Official languages None; English and French de facto Area 134,382 km² (31st)  - Land 112,927 km²  - Water 21,455 km² (16%) Population (2000)  - Population 4,468,976 (22nd)  - Density 39. ... A county seat is a town which is the capital of a county. ... Downtown Lake Charles from a beach on Prien Lake. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The name Calcasieu comes from an Indian term, "Quelqueshue", meaning "Crying Eagle". It was first given to what was formerly the Rio Hondo River, which became the Calcasieu River. The parish then inherited this name.

Contents

Image File history File links Public domain map courtesy of The General Libraries, The University of Texas at Austin, modified to show counties. ...


Geography

The parish has a total area of 2,834 km2 (1,094 mi2). 2,774 km2 (1,071 mi2) of it is land and 60 km2 (23 mi2) of it is water. The total area is 2.12% water. Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... This article is about the unit of measure. ...


Adjacent parishes

Beauregard Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Jefferson Davis Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Cameron Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Orange County is the southeasternmost county of the state of Texas. ... Newton County is a county located in the state of Texas. ...

Demographics

As of the census2 of 2000, there are 183,577 people, 68,613 households, and 49,058 families residing in the parish. The population density is 66/km2 (171/mi2). There are 75,995 housing units at an average density of 27/km2 (71/mi2). The racial makeup of the parish is 73.60% White, 23.98% Black or African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. 1.34% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. A census is the process of obtaining information about every member of a population (not necessarily a human population). ... Shortcut: {{GR|#}} {{Cite:GR|#}} The following is a list of sources used in the creation of Wikipedia articles on various geographic topics and locations, such as cities, counties, states, and countries. ... 2000 is a leap year starting on Saturday of the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There are 68,613 households out of which 35.60% have children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.60% are married couples living together, 14.70% have a female householder with no husband present, and 28.50% are non-families. 24.00% of all households are made up of individuals and 8.90% have someone living alone who is 65 years of age or older. The average household size is 2.61 and the average family size is 3.11. Marriage is a relationship and bond between individuals that plays a key role in the definition of many families. ...


In the parish the population is spread out with 27.40% under the age of 18, 10.30% from 18 to 24, 28.70% from 25 to 44, 21.80% from 45 to 64, and 11.90% who are 65 years of age or older. The median age is 34 years. For every 100 females there are 94.80 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 91.30 males.


The median income for a household in the parish is $35,372, and the median income for a family is $41,903. Males have a median income of $36,569 versus $21,390 for females. The per capita income for the parish is $17,710. 15.40% of the population and 12.80% of families are below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 19.90% of those under the age of 18 and 14.20% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the number of people. ... The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Cities and towns

Carlyss is a census-designated place located in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana. ... DeQuincy is a city located in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana. ... Iowa is a town located in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana. ... Downtown Lake Charles from a beach on Prien Lake. ... Moss Bluff is a census-designated place located in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana. ... Prien is a census-designated place located in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana. ... Sulphur is a city located in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana. ... Vinton is a town located in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana. ... Westlake is a city located in Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana. ...

External link

  • Calcasieu Parish government's website


State of Louisiana Flag of Louisiana
Regions
Acadiana - Florida Parishes - Greater New Orleans - Northwest Louisiana
Largest cities
Alexandria - Baton Rouge - Bossier City - Houma - Kenner - Lafayette - Lake Charles - Metairie - Monroe - New Iberia - New Orleans - Shreveport
Parishes

Acadia - Allen - Ascension - Assumption - Avoyelles - Beauregard - Bienville - Bossier - Caddo - Calcasieu - Caldwell - Cameron - Catahoula - Claiborne - Concordia - De Soto - East Baton Rouge - East Carroll - East Feliciana - Evangeline - Franklin - Grant - Iberia - Iberville - Jackson - Jefferson - Jefferson Davis -
La Salle - Lafayette - Lafourche - Lincoln - Livingston - Madison - Morehouse - Natchitoches - Orleans - Ouachita - Plaquemines - Pointe Coupee - Rapides -
Red River - Richland - Sabine - St. Bernard - St. Charles - St. Helena - St. James - St. John the Baptist - St. Landry - St. Martin - St. Mary - St. Tammany - Tangipahoa - Tensas - Terrebonne - Union - Vermilion - Vernon - Washington - Webster - West Baton Rouge - West Carroll - West Feliciana - Winn
A U.S. state is any one of the 50 states (four of which officially favor the term commonwealth) which, together with the District of Columbia, form the United States of America. ... State nickname: Pelican State Other U.S. States Capital Baton Rouge Largest city New Orleans Governor Kathleen Blanco Official languages None; English and French de facto Area 134,382 km² (31st)  - Land 112,927 km²  - Water 21,455 km² (16%) Population (2000)  - Population 4,468,976 (22nd)  - Density 39. ... State Flag of Louisiana Ratio 2:3 388 × 260 pixels 8590 bytes ( File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Acadiana is the official name given to the traditional 22-parish Cajun homeland of South Louisiana, United States. ... The Florida Parishes are those parishes in Louisiana which were part of West Florida in the early 19th century. ... Greater New Orleans is a metropolitan area in south-east Louisiana, centered around the city of New Orleans, Louisiana. ... Northwest Louisiana is a region in the U.S. state of Louisiana. ... Alexandria is a city in Louisiana, U.S.A.; it is the parish seat of Rapides Parish, on the south bank of the Red River in almost the exact geographic center of the state. ... Capitol Building Baton Rouge (pronounced in English, and in French) is the capital of Louisiana, a state of the United States of America. ... Bossier City is a city located in Bossier Parish, Louisiana. ... Houma is a city located in Terrebonne Parish, Louisiana. ... Kenner is a city located in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana, on the East Bank of the Mississippi River. ... Lafayette is a city located on the Vermilion River in Lafayette Parish, Louisiana. ... Downtown Lake Charles from a beach on Prien Lake. ... Metairie is a census-designated place and an unincorporated area located in Jefferson Parish, Louisiana. ... Monroe is a city in Ouachita Parish, Louisiana, United States. ... New Iberia is a small city located in Iberia Parish, Louisiana. ... City nickname: The Crescent City, The Big Easy, The City that Care Forgot Location of New Orleans Country   State     Parish United States   Louisiana     Orleans Parish Mayor C. Ray Nagin Area   â€“Land   â€“Water 350. ... Shreveport, Louisiana is the third largest metropolitan city in the state of Louisiana, USA. It is located in Caddo Parish, and as of the 2000 census, the city had a total population of 200,145. ... List of Louisiana parishes The state of Louisiana is divided into parishes in the same way that the other states of the United States are divided into counties. ... Acadia Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Allen Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Ascension Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Assumption Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Avoyelles Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Beauregard Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Bienville Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Bossier Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Caddo Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Caldwell Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Cameron Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Catahoula Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Claiborne Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Concordia Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... De Soto Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... East Baton Rouge Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... East Carroll Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... East Feliciana Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Evangeline Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Franklin Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Grant Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Iberia Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Iberville Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Jackson Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Jefferson Parish is a parish in the U.S. state of Louisiana. ... Jefferson Davis Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... La Salle Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Lafayette Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Lafourche Parish is a parish located in the south of the state of Louisiana. ... Lincoln Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Livingston Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Madison Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Morehouse Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Natchitoches Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... New Orleans (French: Nouvelle-Orléans) is the largest city in the state of Louisiana, United States of America. ... Ouachita Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Plaquemines Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Pointe Coupee Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Rapides Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Red River Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Richland Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Sabine Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... St. ... St. ... St. ... St. ... St. ... St. ... St. ... St. ... Tangipahoa Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Tensas Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Terrebonne Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Union Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Vermilion Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Vernon Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Washington Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Webster Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... West Baton Rouge Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... West Carroll Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... West Feliciana Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ... Winn Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana. ...

History

Imperial Calcasieu Parish was created March 24, 1840, from the Parish of Saint Landry, one of the original nineteen civil parishes established by the Legislature in 1807.


The early history of the parish dates back to the time of the Spanish occupation of Louisiana when Jose M. Mora (1797) was granted a large tract of land between the Rio Hondo and the Sabine River, known for years as the "Neutral Strip". After the grant to Mora, this area became a refuge for "desperadoes from the eastern states" and for outlaws and "filibusters from Carolina, Georgia, and Mississippi".


This strip of land, long in dispute between Spain and the United States after France had ceded Louisiana to the American government in 1803, was finally acquired by the latter by treaty in 1819. Originally, Spanish grants were recognized when proof was established, but most grants in Calcasieu were made to actual settlers. By an act of Congress approved on March 3, 1923, this strip of land was attached to the district south of the Red River.


Some time elapsed before settlers took up permanent claims. Among these early families we find the names of Ryan, Perkins, LeBleu, Deviers, and Henderson. Acadians from the eastern parishes of Louisiana also emigrated to this area so that today the population is mixed, consisting of Creoles, Acadians, Americans, and Indians.


When Imperial Calcasieu Parish was created in 1840 from the Parish of Saint Landry, it actually comprised an area of what is now five parishes. On August 24, 1840, a half-dozen men met to organize as representatives for six wards that later became five parishes. Since there was no courthouse or public buildings, the meeting had to be held in a private dwelling, and the one chosen was the large, rough-hewed home of Arsene LeBleu near present-day Chloe. The first jury men who assembled that day were David Simmons, Alexander Hebert, Michel Pithon, Henry Moss, Rees Perkins, and Thomas M. Williams. They first elected officers and a parish clerk and decided upon a set of simple parliamentary rules which would give their president authority to keep their meetings orderly and progressive.


When it came time to pick a "parish town" (seat), the jury had to do its first real deliberating. Locations nominated were Lisbon (west of the Calcasieu River), Comasaque Bluff (east of the river, later called Marsh Bayou Bluff), Centre (in the center of the parish), and Faulk's Bluff (a point of land above Joseph Faulk's place). In the voting that followed, Comasaque Bluff emerged the winner after the president voted to break a tie between it and Lisbon.


In other proceedings at that historic meeting, the jury men took the easy route in coming up with a slate of parish laws...it simply adopted all of the laws then in force in Saint Landry Parish. Appointments were also made that day of a parish constable, a parish treasurer, two parish assessors, and an operator of the ferry at Buchanan's crossing. The assessors were allowed two months to assess all of the property in the parish and given a salary of $90.


The second meeting of the jury men was held on September 14, 1840, at which time a survey was authorized of land known then as Marsh Bayou Bluff for the purpose of establishing a seat of justice and for the erection of a courthouse and jail there.


The next meeting was on December 8, 1840. It was resolved at this meeting that the seat of justice be given the name of Marion. In 1843, the Legislature authorized the people to vote on the question of moving the parish seat, but apparently no change was made at that time. In 1852, however, Jacob Ryan secured the removal of the seat of justice from Marion to the east bank of Lake Charles. This parish seat was incorporated as a town in 1857 as Charleston and was reincorporated in 1868 as Lake Charles. It is located about six miles from the original parish seat of Marion, which is now known as Old Town. The name, Lake Charles, perpetuates the memory of one of the first settlers, Charles Sallier, an Italian who took up land in this area at the beginning of the 19th century.


The parish boundary was reduced in 1870 when Cameron Parish was cut off from the south portion of Imperial Calcasieu. These limits remained until 1912, at which time it comprised an area of over 3,600 square miles and was the largest parish in the state, and for this reason is sometimes called "Imperial Calcasieu". In 1912, the three parishes of Allen, Beauregard, and Jefferson Davis, with a total area of approximately 2,548 square miles, were cut off from the Parish of Calcasieu. These were the last parishes created in Louisiana.


It is interesting to note that the river from which the parish derives its name is shown on some older maps as "Bayou Quelqueshue" and sometimes as Calcasieu. Calcasieu, which means "crying eagle" in English, is said to have been the name of an Attakapas Indian chief who gave a peculiar cry like an eagle as he went into battle.


The first courthouse erected at Marion, a crudely built log cabin, was completed in August of 1841. When the seat of justice was changed to Lake Charles in 1852, Sheriff Jacob Ryan with the help of his slave, Uncle George, and the aid of his good friend and fellow landowner, Samuel Adams Kirby, loaded the log cabin courthouse on an ox and took the small building through the piney woods to Lake Charles. A new wooden courthouse was then completed within a year. This courthouse was replaced in 1891 by a colonial brick building erected at a cost of $20,000, and in 1902 an annex was added to this building. This building was destroyed by a disastrous fire on April 23, 1910, as well as most of downtown Lake Charles, and many of the records of the parish were burned or damaged. On April 4, 1911, the Police Jury decided to build a new courthouse on the old site.


The courthouse is officially listed in the Federal Register of Historic Buildings. It is a magnificent brick and terracotta structure completed in 1912 at a cost of $200,000 and is a replica of the famous Villa Copra, known as the Rotunda in Vicenza, which was designed by a noted Italian architect, Andrea Palladio, whose work became known in the 17th and 18th centuries. Calcasieu Parish's replica was designed by Favrot and Livaudais of New Orleans. The dome atop the courthouse is of solid copper.


An annex containing two additional court rooms and additional space for the Clerk of Court and the Police Jury was added in the year 1958, and another annex for the Third Circuit Court of Appeals of the State of Louisiana was completed in 1960.


In 1967, a Parish Government Building was completed to house the various offices of the Police Jury. This building was expanded in 2003, and houses the following departments: Office of the Parish Administrator, Records Department, Division of Finance/Purchasing, Facilities Management, Human Resources Department, Division of Planning and Development, Division of Engineering and Public Works, and the Government Access Channel.


In 1987, a new building was constructed to house the District Attorney's Office. A new state-of-the-art correctional center was completed in 1990 to replace the old jail which was constructed in 1956, and a separate building was completed in 1991 for the Third Circuit Court of Appeals. A newly constructed Judicial Center to house the Fourteenth Judicial District was completed in March, 1994, and sits on the site of the old jail.


Between 1993 and 1998 an extensive interior and exterior restoration and renovation was performed on the Parish Courthouse originally built in 1912. The Courthouse houses several offices including the Clerk of Court, Juvenile and Family Court, Registrar of Voters, Sheriff's Civil Division, Veterans Affairs Office and others.


Calcasieu Parish is governed by an elected body known as the Police Jury. There are 15 single-member Police Jury districts with a population of approximately 12,200 persons per district (based on the 2000 Census), and each district has one Juror elected for representation. This is in line with the decision of the U.S. Supreme Court of the "one man, one vote" theory. The U.S. Department of Justice requires reapportionment (or redistricting) of the parish following each official census, which can change the boundaries of the single member districts, to insure that each Juror represents approximately the same number in population.


  Results from FactBites:
 
Encyclopedia: Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana (3490 words)
Calcasieu Parish is a parish located in the state of Louisiana.
The parish seat is Lake Charles and as of 2000, the population is 183,577.
This parish seat was incorporated as a town in 1857 as Charleston and was reincorporated in 1868 as Lake Charles.
Calcasieu Parish, Louisiana - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1772 words)
The parish seat and urban center is Lake Charles and as of 2000, the population is 183,577.
Imperial Calcasieu Parish was created March 24, 1840, from the Parish of Saint Landry, one of the original nineteen civil parishes established by the Louisiana Legislature in 1807.
The early history of the parish dates back to the time of the Spanish occupation of Louisiana, when, in 1797, Jose M. Mora was granted a large tract of land between the Rio Hondo (now Calcasieu) and the Sabine River, known for years as the "Neutral Strip".
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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