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Encyclopedia > Calamity Jane

For the film, see Calamity Jane (1953 film) The 1953 film, Calamity Jane is a Wild West-themed film It is loosely based on the life of Wild West heroine Calamity Jane and explores a romance between Calamity Jane and Wild Bill Hickok in the American Old West. ...

Calamity Jane at age 33. Photo by H.R. Locke.
Calamity Jane at age 33. Photo by H.R. Locke.

Martha Jane Cannary-Burke, better known as Calamity Jane (May 1, 1852August 1, 1903), was a frontierswoman and professional scout most well-known for her claim of being a close friend of Wild Bill Hickok, but also having gained fame fighting Native Americans. Picture taken in 1895 by H.R. Locke. ... Picture taken in 1895 by H.R. Locke. ... Photo of Calamity Jane Henry R. Locke was an American photographer in the 19th century who photographed the Wild West. ... is the 121st day of the year (122nd in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1852 was a leap year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... is the 213th day of the year (214th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... A frontier is a political and geographical term referring to areas near or beyond a boundary, or of a different nature. ... Mixed reconnaissance patrol of the Polish Home Army and the Soviet Red Army during Operation Tempest, 1944 Reconnaissance is the military term for the active gathering of information about an enemy, or other conditions, by physical observation. ... Not to be confused with William Wild Bill Hickok, American football player. ... This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ...

Contents

Early life

Calamity Jane was born May 1, 1852 Martha Jane Cannary in Princeton, Missouri, the oldest of six children, having two brothers and three sisters. Her mother died in 1866 of "washtub pneumonia", and her father died in 1867 in Salt Lake City, Utah. She lived for a time in Virginia City, Montana. Princeton is a city in Mercer County, Missouri. ... This article is about human pneumonia. ... Virginia City, from the road agent cemetery on the hill. ...


Education

She received little to no formal education but was literate. In 1868, she took on the role as head of her household at age 16 and moved her family to Fort Bridger, Wyoming. She then moved them to Piedmont, Wyoming. She settled her siblings into life there and strived to find a home that would welcome them in. Accounts from this period described Cannary as being attractive, with light blue eyes. She moved on to a rougher, mostly outdoor adventurous life on the Great Plains. Literacy is the ability to use text to communicate across space and time. ... Fort Bridger Fort Bridger was a 19th century fur trading outpost established in 1842 near present-day Evanston, Wyoming in the western United States. ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ... Piedmont is a ghost town located in Uinta County, Wyoming. ... The Great Plains covers much of the central United States, portions of Canada and Mexico. ...


In 1870, she signed on as a scout and adopted the uniform of a soldier. It is unclear whether she was actually enlisted in the United States Army at the time. From then on she mostly lost touch with her siblings, preferring to live a more wild and unsettled life. "Calamity Jane", as she would become known, did live a very colorful and eventful life starting in 1870, but as historians have since discovered, she was prone to exaggerations and lies about her exploits. The United States Army is the largest and oldest branch of the armed forces of the United States. ...


Scout, 1870–76

Calamity Jane often claimed associations or friendships with notable famous American Old West figures, almost always posthumously. For example, years after the death of Lt. Colonel George Armstrong Custer, she claimed that she served under him during her initial enlistment at Fort Russell, and that she also served under him during the Indian Campaigns in Arizona. However, no records exist to show that Custer was assigned to Fort Russell, and he did not take an active part in the Arizona Indian Campaigns; he was tasked with subjugating the Plains Indians. It is more likely that she served under General George Crook at Fort Fetterman, Wyoming. [1] The cowboy, the quintessential symbol of the American Old West, circa 1887. ... “Custer” redirects here. ... Indian Campaign Streamer // There were 14 Indian Campaigns that covered the period 1790 to 1891. ... Official language(s) English Spoken language(s) English 74. ... Original range of the Plains Indians The Plains Indians are the Indians who lived on the plains and rolling hills of the Great Plains of North America. ... George Crook (September 8, 1828 – March 21, 1890) was a career U.S. Army officer, most noted for his distinguished service during the American Civil War and the Indian Wars. ... Fort Fetterman, located approximately eleven miles northwest of Douglas, Wyoming, is situated on a plateau above the valleys of LaPrele Creek and the North Platte River. ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ...


She did serve in one campaign in which Lt. Colonel Custer was involved, following the spring of 1872. Lt. Colonel Custer and Generals Miles, Terry and Crook were dispatched with their forces to handle Indian uprisings near present day Sheridan, Wyoming, which would be called the "Muscle Shell Indian Outbreak", and is also referred to as the "Nursey Pursey Indian Outbreak". This is the only confirmed opportunity Calamity had to meet Custer, although it is unlikely that she did. Following that campaign, in 1874, her detachment was ordered to Fort Custer, where they remained until the following spring. During this campaign (and others involving Custer and Crook together), she was not attached to Custer's command. Year 1872 (MDCCCLXXII) was a leap year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Nelson Appleton Miles (August 8, 1839 – May 15, 1925) was an American soldier who served in the American Civil War, Indian Wars, and the Spanish-American War. ... Terry may refer to: a subspecies of cunt one of the gay kind // Edward OConnor Terry, 19th century English actor and theatre owner John Terry, English football player Paul Terry, English footballer and brother of John Paula Terry, Australian jazz/bossa nova singer Peter Terry, British air marshal Terry... Look up crook in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Sheridan is a city in Sheridan County, Wyoming, United States. ... Year 1874 (MDCCCLXXIV) was a common year starting on Thursday (link with display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ...


She was involved in several campaigns in the long-running military conflicts with Native Americans. One story, told by her, has her acquiring the nickname "Calamity Jane" in 1872 by rescuing her superior, Captain Egan, from an ambush near Sheridan, Wyoming, in an area known then as Goose Creek, Wyoming. However, even back then not everyone accepted her version, and in another story it is said that she acquired it as a result of her warnings to men that to offend her was to "court calamity". This article is about the people indigenous to the United States. ...


One verified story about her is that in 1875 her detachment was ordered to the Big Horn River, under General Crook. Bearing important dispatches, she swam the Platte River and traveled 90 miles (145 km) at top speed while wet and cold to deliver them. Afterwards, she became ill. After recuperating for a few weeks, she rode to Fort Laramie, Wyoming, and later, in July 1876, she joined a wagon train headed north, which is where she first met Bill Hickok, contrary to her later claims. The Wind-Bighorn rivers The Bighorn River is a tributary of the Yellowstone, approximately 461 mi (742 km) long, in the western United States in the states of Wyoming and Montana. ... The Platte River, showing the North Platte and South Platte The Platte River is a tributary of the Missouri River, approximately 310 mi. ... Grounds of Fort Laramie Fort Laramie, located in present-day Goshen County, Wyoming in the United States, was a significant 19th century trading post and later a military outpost of the United States Army. ... Year 1876 Pick up Sticks(MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Wagon Train was a television series on NBC from 1957 to 1962 and on ABC from 1962 to 1965. ...


Deadwood and Wild Bill Hickok: 1876–84

In 1876, Calamity Jane settled in the area of Deadwood, South Dakota, in the Black Hills. She worked, on occasion, as a prostitute for Madam Dora DuFran, and later worked as a cook and in the laundry, also for DuFran. [2] She became friendly with Wild Bill Hickok and Charlie Utter, having travelled with them to Deadwood in Utter's wagon train. Jane greatly admired Hickok (to the point of infatuation), and she was obsessed with his personality and life. A photograph of Deadwood in 1876. ... The Black Hills The Black Hills are a small, isolated mountain range rising from the Great Plains of North America in western South Dakota and extending into Wyoming, USA. Set off from the main body of the Rocky Mountains, the region is something of a geological anomaly—accurately described as... Prostitution is the sale of sexual services (typically manual stimulation, oral sex, sexual intercourse, or anal sex) for cash or other kind of return, generally indiscriminately with many persons. ... Madam Dora DuFran or Dora Bolshaw, (born ?-died August 5th, 1934) was one of the leading and most successful brothel operators in the Old West days of Deadwood, South Dakota. ... Not to be confused with William Wild Bill Hickok, American football player. ... Charlie Utter (born near Niagara Falls, New York, 1838 - death unknown) was an early figure in the American Wild West, best known as a great friend and companion of Wild Bill Hickok. ...


After Hickok was killed during a poker game on August 2, 1876, Calamity claimed to have been married to Hickok and that Hickok was the father of her child (Jane), who she said was born September 25, 1873, and whom she later put up for adoption by Jim O'Neil and his wife. There are no records to prove the birth of a child and the romantic slant to the relationship may have been a fabrication. During the period that the alleged child was born, she was working as a scout for the Army. At the time of his death, Hickok was newly married to Agnes Lake Thatcher, formerly of Cheyenne, Wyoming. is the 214th day of the year (215th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1876 Pick up Sticks(MDCCCLXXVI) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian Calendar (or a leap year starting on Thursday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... For other uses, see Cheyenne (disambiguation). ... Official language(s) English Capital Cheyenne Largest city Cheyenne Area  Ranked 10th  - Total 97,818 sq mi (253,348 km²)  - Width 280 miles (450 km)  - Length 360 miles (580 km)  - % water 0. ...


However, on September 6, 1941, the U.S. Department of Public Welfare did grant old age assistance to a Jean Hickok Burkhardt McCormick (name of her 3rd husband), who claimed to be the legal offspring of Martha Jane Cannary and James Butler Hickok, after being presented with evidence that Calamity Jane and Wild Bill had married at Benson's Landing, Montana Territory, on September 25, 1873, documentation being written in a Bible and presumably signed by two reverends and numerous witnesses.[3] [4] [5] [6] is the 249th day of the year (250th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For other uses, see 1941 (disambiguation). ... James Butler Hickok (May 27, 1837-August 2, 1876) was better known as Wild Bill Hickok. ... The Montana Territory was an organized territory of the United States that existed between 1864 and 1889. ... is the 268th day of the year (269th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1873 (MDCCCLXXIII) was a common year starting on Wednesday (see link for calendar). ... This Gutenberg Bible is displayed by the United States Library. ...


Jane also claimed that following Hickok's death, she went after Jack McCall, his murderer, with a meat cleaver, having left her guns at her residence in the excitement of the moment. However, she never confronted McCall. Following McCall's eventual hanging for the offense, Jane continued living in the Deadwood area for some time, and at one point she did help save several passengers of an overland stagecoach by diverting several Plains Indians who were in pursuit of the stage. The stagecoach driver, John Slaughter, was killed during the pursuit, and Jane took over the reins and drove the stage on to its destination at Deadwood. [7] Also in late 1876, Jane nursed the victims of a smallpox epidemic in the Deadwood area. Jack McCall Jack McCall (also known as Crooked Nose Jack) (born in the early 1850s in Jefferson County, Kentucky – died April i1, 1888 in Nacoma Texas, is the man who shot James Wild Bill Hickok from behind, an act that among admirers of Hickok and students of Hickoks history... Stagecoach in Switzerland A stagecoach is a type of four-wheeled enclosed passenger and/or mail coach, strongly sprung and drawn by four horses, widely used before the introduction of railway transport. ... John Horton Slaughter (or Texas John Slaughter), (October 2, 1841-February 16, 1922) was an American lawman, Civil War soldier and gambler. ... Smallpox (also known by the Latin names Variola or Variola vera) is a contagious disease unique to humans. ...


Wild West Show: 1884–1903

Calamity Jane while working at Buffalo Bill's Wild West show.

In 1884, Jane moved to El Paso, Texas, where she met Clinton Burke. They married in August 1885 and had a daughter in 1887. The marriage, however, did not last, and by 1895 they were officially separated. Image File history File links Calamity_Jane_on_a_horse. ... Image File history File links Calamity_Jane_on_a_horse. ... Buffalo Bill Cody William Frederick Buffalo Bill Cody (February 26, 1846 – January 10, 1917) was an American soldier, bison hunter and showman. ... Year 1884 (MDCCCLXXXIV) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... El Paso redirects here. ... 1885 (MDCCCLXXXV) is a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Saturday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... 1887 (MDCCCLXXXVII) is a common year starting on Saturday (click on link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar. ... Year 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ...


In 1896, Calamity Jane began touring with Wild West shows, which she continued to do for the rest of her life. Throughout this period, she claimed to have been one of Hickok's closest friends, a story that over time became the version history most often remembered as fact. Jane died from complications of pneumonia in 1903. In accordance with what was said to be her dying wish, she was buried next to Wild Bill Hickok in Mount Moriah Cemetery, overlooking the city of Deadwood. There, her "Letters to my daughter" stayed in a museum until its closure in 1951, after the death of her daughter, and then were kept by a lady until their recent discovery by a French actor director Gregory Monro interested in History, who had them reprinted. Gregory Monro also conceived the exhibition " Calamity Jane & the Legends of the West ", for a French museum in Paris. Furthermore Gregory Monro is directing a documentary and working on a secret feature film project based upon Calamity Jane's legend. Year 1896 (MDCCCXCVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will display calendar). ... Great Basin region, typical American West The Western United States has played a significant role in history and fiction. ... This article is about human pneumonia. ... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Wild Bill Hickoks Gravesite Mount Moriah Cemetery on Mount Moriah in Deadwood, Lawrence County, South Dakota is the burial place of Wild Bill Hickok, Calamity Jane and Seth Bullock, and other notable figures of the Wild West. ... Year 1951 (MCMLI) was a common year starting on Monday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... Gregory Monro (born September 10, 1975), sometimes credited as Grégory Monro, is a French actor and director. ... History studies time in human terms. ... Gregory Monro (born September 10, 1975), sometimes credited as Grégory Monro, is a French actor and director. ... Gregory Monro (born September 10, 1975), sometimes credited as Grégory Monro, is a French actor and director. ...


Popular culture

  • Calamity Jane was a prominent character in the Deadwood Dick series of dime novels beginning with the first appearance of Deadwood Dick in Beadle's half Dime Library issue #1 in 1877. This series, written by Edward Wheeler, established her with a reputation as a wild west adventure heroine and probably did more to enhance her familiarity to the public than any of her real life exploits.
  • Calamity Jane was a musical starring Doris Day.
  • Jane is a central character in Pete Dexter's 1986 novel Deadwood, ISBN 1400079713.
  • J.T. Edson features Calamity Jane as a character in a number of his books, as a stand alone character and also as a romantic interest of the character Mark Counter.
  • Calamity Jane also figures as a main character in an album of the same name of the Franco-Belgian comics series Lucky Luke, created by Morris.
  • Jane is the central character in Larry McMurtry's book Buffalo Girls.
  • Jane is also a central character in HBO's series Deadwood, portrayed by Robin Weigert.
  • The Plainsman is a 1936 film starring Gary Cooper as Wild Bill Hickok and Jean Arthur as Calamity Jane.
  • Calamity Jane was the name of a Nashville-based female country pop vocal quartet on Columbia Records in 1982 webpage, and also that of a 1992 female punk rock group on Sympathy For The Record Industry.
  • Calamity Jane and Wild Bill Hickock are featured in the song "Deadwood Mountain" by the country duo Big & Rich.
  • In 1997 a cartoon series on Kids' WB called The Legend of Calamity Jane had a brief run, depicting a young Jane as a vigilante-like protector of an Arizona settlement. The series lasted one season of thirteen episodes but in the US only three were shown, presumably due to the realistic gunplay. All episodes were aired in Canada.
  • The putter that golfer Bobby Jones used throughout his career to win 13 major championships was nicknamed Calamity Jane.
  • Jane also made an appearance in the 2004 film Hidalgo, based on the life and tales of former horse rider Frank Hopkins.
  • In the 1995 movie Tall Tale she was portrayed by actress Catherine O'Hara as Pecos Bill's love and as a sheriff or deputy of somesort.
  • The PlayStation RPG Wild Arms included an NPC bounty hunter named Jane Maxwell, better known as Calamity Jane. The PS2 remake, Wild Arms: Alter Code F included Jane as a playable character.
  • David James (goalkeeper) an English footballer who has a reputation for making mistakes soon earned him the nickname within the media of Calamity James. This nickname is a pun on Calamity Jane.

Deadwood Dick was a character who from the pages of an 1800s Dime novel. ... 1877 (MDCCCLXXVII) was a common year starting on Monday (see link for calendar). ... The 1953 film, Calamity Jane, unlike most musicals, originated in Hollywood and only later transferred to the stage. ... Doris Mary Ann von Kappelhoff (born April 3, 1924)[1] is an American singer, actress, and animal welfare advocate known as Doris Day. ... Writer Pete Dexter was recipient of the 1988 National Book Award for his novel A former newspaper reporter, Dexter was a columnist for the Philiadelphia Daily News and the Sacramento Bee. ... J. T. (John Thomas) Edson is an English writer, primarily of American Western novels. ... This article is about the comic book and TV series. ... Morris may refer to: // In North America: Morris, Alabama Morris, Connecticut Morris, Illinois Morris, Manitoba Morris, Minnesota Morris County, New Jersey Morris Plains, New Jersey Morris (town), New York Morris (village), New York Mount Morris, New York Morris, Oklahoma Morris Township, Pennsylvania Morris, Wisconsin See also: Morriston Morristown Morrisville For... Larry McMurtry (born June 3, 1936 in Wichita Falls, Texas) is a novelist, screenwriter, and essayist. ... Buffalo Girls is a novel written by American author Larry McMurtry. ... For other uses, see HBO (disambiguation). ... Deadwood is an American television drama series that premiered in March 2004 on HBO. The series is a Western set in the 1870s in Deadwood, Dakota Territory. ... To meet Wikipedias quality standards, this article or section may require cleanup. ... The Plainsman is a 1936 Western movie directed by Cecil B. DeMille that presents a highly fictionalized account of the relationship between Wild Bill Hickok (Gary Cooper) and Calamity Jane (Jean Arthur), with a villainous Charles Bickford inciting the Indians to battle. ... 1936 (MCMXXXVI) was a leap year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). ... Gary Cooper (born Frank James Cooper May 7, 1901 – May 13, 1961) was a two-time Academy Award-winning American film actor of English heritage. ... Jean Arthur (October 17, 1900 – June 19, 1991) was an Oscar-nominated American actress and a major film star of the 1930s and 1940s. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Kids WB is the Saturday morning cartoon block of The CW Television Networks weekend programming. ... The Legend of Calamity Jane was an animated television series produced by Canal+ and France 3. ... Bobby Jones can refer to different people: Bobby Jones: a golf player Bobby J. Jones: a baseball player Bobby M. Jones: a baseball player Bobby Jones: a basketball player Bobby Jones: a gospel singer This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists pages that might otherwise share the... Hidalgo is a 2004 film based on the life and tales of former horse rider Frank Hopkins and his endurance horse Hidalgo, a mustang. ... Frank Hopkins (1865?-1951) was a cowboy from the United States. ... Tall Tale, also known as Tall Tale: The Unbelievable Adventures of Pecos Bill is a 1995 family Western movie starring Patrick Swayze, Nick Stahl, Oliver Platt, Roger Aaron Brown, Scott Glenn, Catherine OHara, and Jared Harris. ... Catherine OHara (born March 4, 1954) is a Canadian/American actress and comedian. ... Pecos Bill is a mythical American cowboy, immortalized in numerous tall tales. ... This article is about the first game in the Wild Arms series. ... David Benjamin James (born 1 August 1970, Welwyn Garden City, England) is an English professional footballer who currently plays for Portsmouth in the Premier League. ...

External links


  Results from FactBites:
 
Calamity Jane (443 words)
Calamity Jane is a female a cappella group whose seven members herald from around the Bay Area, including the East Bay, San Francisco, and the South Bay.
In 1999, Calamity Jane entered the world of original music and is proud to have completed three original songs which will they debuted in Fall 1999.
Calamity Jane, in the fall of 1998, released its first CD entitled "The Road Ahead" which is a lively compilation of the songs the group has perfected over the last 5 years.
Martha Jane "Calamity Jane" Canary biography (2590 words)
ACCOMPLISHMENTS: Martha Jane set herself apart from other women in that she could work and socialize with hard and tough frontiersmen: from digging for gold, drinking in bars, cussing and dressing like a man, she was mostly accepted by them.
As far as Jane's ability with a gun is concerned, she did wear them and was apparently quite familiar and skilled with them.
Calamity Jane from the Adams Museum and House in Deadwood, South Dakota
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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