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Encyclopedia > Calais, Maine
Calais, Maine
Calais, Maine (Maine)
Calais, Maine
Location within the state of Maine
Coordinates: 45°9′58″N 67°14′33″W / 45.16611, -67.2425
Country United States
State Maine
County Washington
Incorporated 1809
Area
 - Total 40.0 sq mi (103.7 km²)
 - Land 34.0 sq mi (88.2 km²)
 - Water 6.0 sq mi (15.5 km²)
Elevation 43 ft (13 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 3,447
 - Density 101.3/sq mi (39.1/km²)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 04619
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-09585
GNIS feature ID 0563341

Calais is a city in the state of Maine in the United States, and a port of entry situated on the St. Croix River at the border with St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada. It is in Washington County, Maine, United States. The population was 3,447 at the 2000 census. The local pronunciation of Calais rhymes with palace. listen . Image File history File links Red_pog2. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... Federal courts Supreme Court Circuit Courts of Appeal District Courts Elections Presidential elections Midterm elections Political Parties Democratic Republican Third parties State & Local government Governors Legislatures (List) State Courts Local Government Other countries Atlas  US Government Portal      The political units and divisions of the United States include: The 50 states... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... List of Maine counties: Maine counties Categories: | ... Washington County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maine. ... Year 1809 (MDCCCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... This article is about the physical quantity. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... A foot (plural: feet or foot;[1] symbol or abbreviation: ft or, sometimes, ′ – a prime) is a unit of length, in a number of different systems, including English units, Imperial units, and United States customary units. ... This article is about the unit of length. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... Timezone and TimeZone redirect here. ... Metronome, a public art installation showing the time in New York City The Eastern Time Zone (ET) of the Western Hemisphere falls mostly along the east coast of Northern America and the west coast of South America. ... -12 | -11 | -10 | -9:30 | -9 | -8 | -7 | -6 | -5 | -4 | -3:30 | -3 | -2:30 | -2 | -1 | -0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Although DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... −12 | −11 | −10 | −9:30 | −9 | −8 | −7 | −6 | −5 | −4 | −3:30 | −3 | −2:30 | −2 | −1 | −0:25 | UTC (0) | +0:20 | +0:30 | +1 | +2 | +3 | +3:30 | +4 | +4:30 | +4:51 | +5 | +5:30 | +5:40 | +5:45 | +6 | +6:30 | +7 | +7:20 | +7... Mr. ... A telephone numbering plan is a plan for allocating telephone number ranges to countries, regions, areas and exchanges and to non-fixed telephone networks such as mobile phone networks. ... Area Code 207 is the only area code of the entire State of Maine. ... Federal Information Processing Standards (FIPS) are publicly announced standards developed by the U.S. Federal government for use by all (non-military) government agencies and by government contractors. ... GNIS (The Geographic Names Information System) contains name and locative information about almost two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its Territories. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... A port of entry is a place where one may lawfully enter a country. ... The St. ... St. ... Washington County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maine. ... Official language(s) None (English and French de facto) Capital Augusta Largest city Portland Area  Ranked 39th  - Total 33,414 sq mi (86,542 km²)  - Width 210 miles (338 km)  - Length 320 miles (515 km)  - % water 13. ... Image File history File links Calais. ...

Contents

History

Calais Avenue in 1905

The river and its area were first explored by Samuel de Champlain when he and his men spent a winter on St. Croix Island in 1604. The first permanent settler was Daniel Hill of Jonesboro, who arrived in 1779, and with others built the first sawmill in 1782. On June 27, 1789, the Massachusetts General Court sold the township to Waterman Thomas for 19¢ an acre (Approx $2.30 an acre in 2006 dollars). Early occupations included farming, hunting and ship building. Statue symbolizing Samuel de Champlain in Ottawa. ... See also Saint Croix an island in the United States Virgin Islands Saint Croix Island, or Dochet Island as it is called today, is a small uninhabited island in Maine located at 45º 07 42 N latitude, 067º 08 02 W longitude, near the mouth of the Saint Croix River... Jonesboro is a town located in Washington County, Maine. ... For the 1922 film starring Oliver Hardy, see The Sawmill. ... is the 178th day of the year (179th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1789 (MDCCLXXXIX) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Monday of the 11-day slower Julian calendar). ... The Massachusetts General Court is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Massachusetts. ... Farming, ploughing rice paddy, in Indonesia Agriculture is the process of producing food, feed, fiber and other desired products by cultivation of certain plants and the raising of domesticated animals (livestock). ... This article is about the hunting of prey by human society. ... Shipbuilding is the construction of ships. ...


On June 16, 1809, Plantation Number 5 PS was incorporated as Calais after Calais, France, in honor of French assistance during the American Revolution. The river provided the mill town with water power for industry, which included sawmills, clapboard and shingle mills, 2 planing mills, a saw factory, 2 axe factories and 4 grain mills. There were foundries, machine shops, granite works, shoe factories and a tannery. Other businesses produced bricks, bedsteads, brooms, carriages and plaster. The St. Croix and Penobscot Railway connected the town with Baring in 1849-1850. Calais was incorporated as a city on August 24, 1850. On July 18, 1864, Confederate agents crossed the border from New Brunswick, Canada, and robbed a bank in Calais. [2] is the 167th day of the year (168th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1809 (MDCCCIX) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar). ... This article is about the French city. ... This article is about military actions only. ... A Mill town, also known as factory town or mill village, is typically a settlement that developed around one or more mills or factories (usually cotton mills or factories producing textiles). ... Hydropower (or waterpower) harnesses the energy of moving or falling water. ... Clapboard is a board used typically for exterior horizontal siding that has one edge thicker than the other and where the board above laps over the one below. ... The largest (6000 m²) wooden shingle roof in Europe: Zakopane, Poland Roof shingles are a roof covering consisting of individual overlapping elements. ... A thicknesser (also known as a thickness planer) is a woodworking machine which is used to create boards that are of an even thickness throughout their length. ... Portable saw A saw is a tool for cutting wood or other material, consisting of a serrated blade (a blade with the cutting edge dentated or toothed) and worked either by hand or by steam, water, electric or other power. ... Axe For other uses, see Axe (disambiguation). ... The word grain has several meanings, most being descriptive of a small piece or particle. ... A foundry is a factory which produces castings of metal, both ferrous and non-ferrous. ... A lathe is a common tool used in machining. ... For other uses, see granite (disambiguation). ... Shoemaking is a traditional handicraft profession, which has now been largely superseded by industrial manufacture of footwear. ... This article is about making hides into leather. ... See also Wikimedia Commons has multimedia related to: Bricks Masonry Brickwork Ceramics Fire brick In role-playing games, a brick is a character whose main useful skill is being able to take a great deal of damage (usually physical damage) and act as a shield for weaker allies. ... broom A broom is a cleaning tool consisting of stiff fibres attached to, and roughly parallel to, a cylindrical handle, the broomstick. ... Catherine IIs carved, painted and gilded Coronation Coach (Hermitage Museum) George VI and Queen Elizabeth in a landau with footmen and an outrider, Canada 1939 The classic definition of a carriage is a four-wheeled horse drawn private passenger vehicle with leaf springs (elliptical springs in the 19th century... This article is about the building material. ... Baring is a plantation located in Washington County, Maine. ... is the 236th day of the year (237th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... For the game, see: 1850 (board game) 1850 (MDCCCL) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday [1] of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... is the 199th day of the year (200th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 1864 (MDCCCLXIV) was a leap year starting on Friday (see link for calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a leap year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar. ... This article is about the Canadian province. ...


Designed by the noted Boston architect Arthur H. Vinal, the Calais Free Library opened on July 4, 1893. The Romanesque Revival building was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2001. Calais has both a residential and downtown historic district. Boston redirects here. ... Arthur H. Vinal (1854–1923) was an American architect who lived and worked in Boston, Massachusetts. ... is the 185th day of the year (186th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1893 (MDCCCXCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday (link will display the full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Tuesday of the 12-day slower Julian calendar). ... Romanesque Revival is a style of building in the late 19th century (roughly 1840 and 1900) inspired by the 11th and 12th century Romanesque style of architecture. ... A typical plaque showing entry on the National Register of Historic Places. ... A historic district in the United States is a group of buildings, properties or sites that have been designated by one of several entites on different levels as historically or architecturally significant. ...


Notable residents

Nehemiah Abbott (March 29, 1804 - July 26, 1877) was a Representative from Maine. ... Ron Corning (born June 23, 1972) is an American television co-host currently working as an anchor of Good Day New York, alongside Jodi Applegate. ... Thomas James Duncan Fuller was a United States Representative from Maine. ... James Shepherd Pike was a prominent abolitionist in the time leading up to the War Between the States. ... Harriet Prescott Spofford Harriet Elizabeth Prescott Spofford (April 3, 1835–August 14, 1921) is a notable American writer remembered for her novels, poems and detective stories. ... Horatio Nelson Young (July 19, 1845, Calais, Maine – July 3, 1913) was an American Medal of Honor winner. ...

Geography

Calais is located at 45°9′58″N, 67°14′33″W (45.166045, -67.242434)[1].


According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 40.0 square miles (103.7 km²), of which, 34.0 square miles (88.2 km²) of it is land and 6.0 square miles (15.5 km²) of it (14.94%) is water. Calais is located at the head of tide on the St. Croix River. The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... A square metre (US spelling: square meter) is by definition the area enclosed by a square with sides each 1 metre long. ... Head of tide is the farthest point upstream where a river is affected by tidal fluctuations. ... The St. ...


Calais is the northern terminus of the East Coast Greenway which has its southern terminus in Key West, Florida. The East Coast Greenway, or ECG, is a project to create a 2,600-mile urban path linking the major cities along the Atlantic coast of the United States, from Maine to Florida for non-motorized human transportation. ... Nickname: Coordinates: , Country United States State Florida County Monroe Government  - Type Council-Manager  - Mayor Morgan McPherson Area  - City  7. ...


Demographics

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1810 372
1820 418 12.4%
1830 1,686 303.3%
1840 2,934 74.0%
1850 4,749 61.9%
1860 5,621 18.4%
1870 5,944 5.7%
1880 6,173 3.9%
1890 7,290 18.1%
1900 7,655 5.0%
1910 6,116 -20.1%
1920 6,084 -0.5%
1930 5,470 -10.1%
1940 5,161 -5.6%
1950 4,589 -11.1%
1960 4,223 -8.0%
1970 4,044 -4.2%
1980 4,262 5.4%
1990 3,963 -7.0%
2000 3,447 -13.0%
Est. 2006 3,227 -6.4%
sources:[2][3]
Whitlock's Mill Lighthouse in 1916

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 3,447 people, 1,486 households, and 904 families residing in the city. The population density was 101.3 people per square mile (39.1/km²). There were 1,921 housing units at an average density of 56.4/sq mi (21.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 96.81% White, 0.35% Black or African American, 0.61% Native American, 0.70% Asian, 0.49% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. 0.73% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The United States Census of 1810 was the third Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1820 was the fourth Census conducted in the United States. ... The United States Census of 1830 was the fifth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Sixth Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 17,069,453 — an increase of 32. ... The Seventh Census of the United States, conducted by the Bureau of the Census, determined the resident population of the United States to be 23,191,876 — an increase of 35. ... The United States Census of 1860 was the eighth Census conducted in the United States. ... The Ninth United States Census was taken in 1870. ... 1880 US Census The United States Census of 1880 was the tenth United States Census. ... The Eleventh United States Census was taken June 1, 1890. ... 1900 US Census The Twelfth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 76,212,168, an increase of 21. ... The Thirteenth United States Census was taken in 1910. ... The Fourteenth United States Census was taken in 1920. ... The Fifteenth United States Census was taken in 1930. ... The Sixteenth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 132,164,569, an increase of 7. ... The Seventeenth United States Census was taken in 1950. ... The Eighteenth United States Census was taken in 1960. ... The Nineteenth United States Census was taken in 1970. ... The Twentieth United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 226,545,805, an increase of 11. ... The Twenty-first United States Census, conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States to be 248,709,873, an increase of 9. ... 2000 US Census logo The Twenty-Second United States Census, known as Census 2000 and conducted by the Census Bureau, determined the resident population of the United States on April 1, 2000, to be 281,421,906, an increase of 13. ... Image:1870 census Lindauer Weber 01. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ... It has been suggested that Ethnicity (United States Census) be merged into this article or section. ... Hispanic Americans (Spanish: Hispano Americano) are Americans of Hispanic ethnicity who largely identify with the Hispanic cultural heritage. ... The United States Census Bureau uses the federal governments definitions of race when performing a census. ...


There were 1,486 households out of which 25.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.3% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.1% were non-families. 33.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.24 and the average family size was 2.88. Matrimony redirects here. ...

St. Croix River in c. 1920

In the city the population was spread out with 21.9% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 25.4% from 25 to 44, 24.4% from 45 to 64, and 20.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42 years. For every 100 females there were 89.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males.


The median income for a household in the city was $24,623, and the median income for a family was $39,118. Males had a median income of $37,684 versus $20,058 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,135. About 11.1% of families and 16.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.5% of those under age 18 and 19.6% of those age 65 or over. The per capita income for a group of people may be defined as their total personal income, divided by the total population. ... Map of countries showing percentage of population who have an income below the national poverty line The poverty line is the level of income below which one cannot afford to purchase all the resources one requires to live. ...


Government

The City of Calais operates under the council-manager form of government. The current city manager is Diane Barnes. Some past city managers include: William Bridgeo, Nancy Orr, and Mark Ryckman. The current city mayor is Vinton Cassidy. The council-manager government is one of two main variations of representative municipal government in the United States. ...


Transportation

Calais is located along U.S. Route 1 and Maine State Route 9. Wikimedia Commons has media related to: U.S. Route 1 U.S. Route 1 (also called U.S. Highway 1, and abbreviated US 1) is a United States highway which parallels the east coast of the United States. ... Maine State Route 9 runs from the New Hampsire border in Berwick, Maine in the west to the international border with Calais, New Brunswick in Canada at the eastern terminus. ...


The St. Stephen-Calais Bridge and the Milltown International Bridge connect Calais to St. Stephen, New Brunswick. Construction is expected to begin in 2008 on a third bridge connecting the two communities. The new bridge, currently scheduled to open in 2009, will serve primarily commercial trucking traffic, while the current bridges will remain in use for passenger vehicles [5]Construction of the associated roadways and turning lanes is ongoing (Spring 2008). The driver of this DAF tractor with an auto-transport semi-trailer prepares to offload Skoda Octavia cars in Cardiff, Wales For further uses of the word truck, see Truck (disambiguation). ...


Media

There are a few television stations (mostly from Saint John, New Brunswick and Bangor, Maine that serve Calais via rebroadcast transmitters: Saint John[3] is the largest city in the province of New Brunswick, and the oldest incorporated city in Canada. ... For other places with the same name, see Bangor. ...

Call letters Analog Channel Digital Channel Network City and state/province Origin Station
CBAT-TV 4 None CBC Fredericton, NB CBAT-TV
CBAFT-1 5 5 Unknown SRC Saint John, NB CBAFT-TV
CKLT-TV 9 Unknown CTV Saint John, NB CKLT-TV
CIHF-2 12 12 Unknown Global Saint John, NB CIHF-TV
WMED 13 10.1, 10.2 MPBN/PBS Calais, ME WMEB
W21BH 21 None TBN Machias, ME W21BH
W57AQ 57 8 NBC Calais, ME WLBZ
W61AO 61 None CBS Calais, ME WABI-TV

Stations available on Cable: CBAT is the call sign for the CBCs television station in Fredericton, New Brunswick. ... CBC Television is a Canadian English language television network. ... Template:Hide = Motto: Template:Unhide = Fredericpolis silvae filia noblis (Fredericton noble daughter of the forest) Established: {{{Established}}} Area: 131. ... CBAT is the call sign for the CBCs television station in Fredericton, New Brunswick. ... CBAFT is the flagship of Radio-Canadas Atlantic Canada network, serving Acadians in Moncton and the Canadian Maritimes, and Franco-Terreneuvians in Newfoundland and Labrador. ... Télévision de Radio-Canada[1] is a Canadian French language television network. ... CBAFT is the flagship of Radio-Canadas Atlantic Canada network, serving Acadians in Moncton and the Canadian Maritimes, and Franco-Terreneuvians in Newfoundland and Labrador. ... CKLT is a Canadian television station, broadcasting in Saint John, New Brunswick. ... This article is about the Broadcast Television Network CTV, for the broadcasting television company see CTVglobemedia. ... CKLT is a Canadian television station, broadcasting in Saint John, New Brunswick. ... CIHF is a Canadian television station, serving the Maritime provinces. ... Global Television Network (more commonly called Global TV or just Global) is a Canadian English language privately owned television network. ... CIHF is a Canadian television station, serving the Maritime provinces. ... The Maine Public Broadcasting Network is a television and radio broadcasting network located in the state of Maine in the United States. ... The Maine Public Broadcasting Network is a television and radio broadcasting network located in the state of Maine in the United States. ... Not to be confused with Public Broadcasting Services in Malta. ... The Maine Public Broadcasting Network is a television and radio broadcasting network located in the state of Maine in the United States. ... The Trinity Broadcasting Network, or TBN, is the largest Christian religious television network in the world and is headquartered near Los Angeles in Costa Mesa, California with studios near Dallas/Fort Worth Metroplex in Irving, Texas and near Nashville in Hendersonville, Tennessee. ... Machias is a town located in Washington County, Maine. ... This article is about the television network. ... WLBZ is the NBC-affiliated television station for Bangor, Maine. ... This article is about the broadcast network. ... WABI-TV is the CBS-affiliated television station for Bangor, Maine. ...

CBAT is the call sign for the CBCs television station in Fredericton, New Brunswick. ... WVII is an ABC-affiliated television station broadcasting on channel 7 in Bangor, Maine. ... The American Broadcasting Company (ABC) is an American television network. ... For other places with the same name, see Bangor. ... WABI-DT2 is the CW-affiliated television station for Bangor, Maine. ... The Crimson White, known colloquially as The CW, is the student-run newspaper of the University of Alabama. ... For other places with the same name, see Bangor. ...

Sites of interest

See also Saint Croix an island in the United States Virgin Islands Saint Croix Island, or Dochet Island as it is called today, is a small uninhabited island in Maine located at 45º 07 42 N latitude, 067º 08 02 W longitude, near the mouth of the Saint Croix River...

References

The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... Year 2005 (MMV) was a common year starting on Saturday (link displays full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 123rd day of the year (124th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... The United States Census Bureau (officially Bureau of the Census as defined in Title ) is a part of the United States Department of Commerce. ... 2008 (MMVIII) is the current year, a leap year that started on Tuesday of the Anno Domini (or common era), in accordance to the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 31st day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 269th day of the year (270th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 2006 (MMVI) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Calais (Maine).

  Results from FactBites:
 
Calais, Maine - LoveToKnow 1911 (139 words)
CALAIS, a city and sub-port of entry of Washington county, Maine, U.S.A., on the Saint Croix river, 12 m.
In the city limits are the post-offices of Calais, Milltown and Red Beach.
Calais was first settled in 1779, was incorporated as a town in 1809, and was chartered as a city in 1851.
Calais, Maine - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (790 words)
Calais is a city in the state of Maine in the United States on the St.
The city was given the name Calais after its ancient counterpart in France in honor of France's very significant contribution to American independence during the American Revolution.
The State of Maine granted a City Charter on August 24, 1850.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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