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Encyclopedia > Calabash
Calabash
Green calabash on the vine
Green calabash on the vine
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Cucurbitales
Family: Cucurbitaceae
Genus: Lagenaria
Species: L. siceraria
Binomial name
Lagenaria siceraria
(Molina) Standl.
This article is about one of the plant species by this name. For other uses, see Calabash (disambiguation).

The calabash (not to be confused with the calabaza) is a vine grown for its fruit, which can either be harvested young and used as a vegetable or harvested mature, dried, and used as a bottle, utensil, or pipe. For this reason, one of the calabash subspecies is known as the bottle gourd. The fresh fruit has a light green smooth skin and a white flesh. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... For other uses, see Scientific classification (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). ... Classes Magnoliopsida - Dicots Liliopsida - Monocots The flowering plants (also angiosperms or Magnoliophyta) are one of the major groups of modern plants, comprising those that produce seeds in specialized reproductive organs called flowers, where the ovulary or carpel is enclosed. ... Magnoliopsida is the botanical name for a class: this name is formed by replacing the termination -aceae in the name Magnoliaceae by the termination -opsida (Art 16 of the ICBN). ... Families Cucurbitaceae (gourd family) Begoniaceae (begonia family) Datiscaceae Tetramelaceae Corynocarpaceae Coriariaceae Anisophylleaceae The Cucurbitales are an order of flowering plants, included in the rosid group of dicotyledons. ... Genera Abobra Acanthosicyos Actinostemma Alsomitra Ampelosycios Anacaona Apatzingania Apodanthera Bambekea Benincasa Biswarea Bolbostemma Brandegea Bryonia Calycophysum Cayaponia Cephalopentandra Ceratosanthes Chalema Cionosicyos Citrullus Coccinia Cogniauxia Corallocarpus Cremastopus Ctenolepis Cucumella Cucumeropsis Cucumis Cucurbita Cucurbitella Cyclanthera Dactyliandra Dendrosicyos Dicoelospermum Dieterlea Diplocyclos Doyerea Ecballium Echinocystis Echinopepon Edgaria Elateriopsis Eureiandra Fevillea Gerrardanthus Gomphogyne Gurania Guraniopsis... Species Lagenaria abyssinica Lagenaria breviflora Lagenaria guineensis Lagenaria rufa Lagenaria siceraria Lagenaria sphaerica Lagenaria vulgaris Lagenaria is a genus of gourd bearing vines from the Cucurbitaceae family. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The name Calabash can refer to one of several species of plant: for the vine Lagenaria siceraria see Calabash for the tree Crescentia cujete see Calabash (tree) a town in North Carolina: Calabash, North Carolina a style of smoking pipe made from the gourd of the calabash vine, above, with... Calabaza fruit Calabaza vine Calabaza leaf Calabasas is also a city in California Calabaza (sometimes spelled calabasa, not to be confused with a calabash) is a kind of squash commonly eaten in Latin America, the Philippines, and the Caribbean. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... A plate of vegetables Vegetable is a culinary term which generally refers to an edible part of a plant. ...


The calabash was one of the first cultivated plants in the world, grown not for food but as a container. It was named for the calabash tree (Crescentia cujete), a different type of plant. Binomial name Crescentia cujete Crescentia cujete, also known as the calabash tree is a plant native to Cental and South America. ...

Contents

Culinary use

The calabash, as a vegetable, is frequently used in southern Chinese cuisine as either a stir-fry or in a soup. The Chinese name for calabash is hulu (Simplified Chinese: 葫芦; Traditional Chinese: 葫蘆; pinyin: húlu) or huzi (Chinese: 葫子; pinyin: húzi) in Mandarin, and wu4lou4 (Simplified Chinese: 葫芦; Traditional Chinese: 葫蘆) in Cantonese. This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... Pinyin, more formally called Hanyu Pinyin (Simplified Chinese: ; Traditional Chinese: ; Pinyin: ), is the most common variant of Standard Mandarin romanization system in use. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Traditional Chinese characters refers to one of two standard sets of printed Chinese characters. ...


In Japan, where it is known as kampyō, it is sold in the form of dried, marinated strips. It is used in place of seafood in a form of vegetarian makizushi (rolled sushi). Kanpyō ) is dried gourd shavings, an ingredient in traditional Edo style Japanese cuisine. ... This article is about Japanese cuisine. ... This article is about Japanese cuisine. ...


In Italian cuisine, it is known as cucuzza (plural cucuzze). Although Italian cuisine does have defining features that are found throughout the country, it is composed of highly varied regional cuisines. ...


In Central America, the seeds of the Calabash gourd are toasted and ground with other ingredients (including rice, cinnamon, and allspice) to make the drink horchata. Calabash is known locally as morro or jícaro. For other uses, see Central America (disambiguation). ... This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Two large jars of aguas frescas in a taqueria in Seattle, Washington, USA. On the left is a jar of jamaica and on the right is a jar of horchata. ...


In India, it is known as Lauki in Urdu or Dudhi in Hindi, Sorakaya in Telugu, Dudhi-Bhopala in Marathi, Sorekayi in Kannada and 'Suraikkaai' (colloq. "Sorakkay") in Tamil. In parts of India, the dried, unpunctured gourd is used as a float (called 'Surai-kuduvai' in Tamil) to learn swimming in rural areas. Urdu ( , , trans. ... Hindi ( , Devanagari: or , IAST: , IPA: ), an Indo-European language spoken all over India in varying degrees and extensively in northern and central India, is one of the two central official languages of India, the other being English. ... “Telugu” redirects here. ... Marathi is one of the widely spoken languages of India, and has a long literary history. ... Kannada - aptly described as sirigannada (known to few as Kanarese) is one of the oldest Dravidian languages and is spoken in its various dialects by roughly 45 million people. ... Tamil ( ; IPA ) is a Dravidian language spoken predominantly by Tamils in India and Sri Lanka, with smaller communities of speakers in many other countries. ...


In Arabic it is called Qara. In Bangladesh it is called Lau or Kumra/Komra. The tender young gourd is cooked as a summer squash. Arabic can mean: From or related to Arabia From or related to the Arabs The Arabic language; see also Arabic grammar The Arabic alphabet, used for expressing the languages of Arabic, Persian, Malay ( Jawi), Kurdish, Panjabi, Pashto, Sindhi and Urdu, among others. ...


The shoots, tendrils, and leaves of the plant may also be eaten as greens. This article is about the plant section. ... In botany, a tendril is a specialized stem, leaf or petiole with a threadlike shape that is used by climbing plants for support and attachment, generally by twining around whatever it touches. ... Look up foliage in Wiktionary, the free dictionary. ... Fresh Swiss chard Fresh water spinach Creamed spinach Steamed kale Leaf vegetables, also called potherbs, greens, or leafy greens, are plant leaves eaten as a vegetable, sometimes accompanied by tender petioles and shoots. ...


Additionally, the gourd can be dried out and used to smoke pipe tobacco. A typical design yielded by this squash is recognized in the pipe of Sherlock Holmes.


Other cultural uses

West Africa

Hollowed out and dried calabashes are a very typical utensil in households across West Africa. They are used to clean rice, carry water and also just as a food container. Smaller sizes are used as bowls to drink palm-wine. Calabashes are used by some musicians in making the kora (a harp-lute), xalam (a lute), and the goje (a traditional fiddle). They also serve as resonators on the balafon (West African marimba). The calabash is also used in making the Shegureh (Women's Rattle)[1] and Balangi (a Sierra Leonean type of balafon) musical instruments. Sometimes, large calabashes are simply hollowed, dried and used as percussion instruments, especially by Fulani, Songhai, Gur-speaking and Hausa peoples.  Western Africa (UN subregion)  Maghreb[1] West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. ...  Western Africa (UN subregion)  Maghreb[1] West Africa or Western Africa is the westernmost region of the African continent. ... For other uses, see Palm wine (disambiguation). ... A helpful diagram of a kora. ... Xalam, also spelled khalam, is the Wolof name for a traditional stringed musical instrument from West Africa. ... The Goje, is one of the many names for a variety of one or two-stringed fiddles from West Africa, almost exclusively played by ethnic groups inhabiting the Sahel and Sudan sparsely vegetated grassland belts leading to the Sahara. ... The balafon is a pentatonic or heptatonic resonated frame xylophone of West Africa. ... The marimba ( ) is a musical instrument in the percussion family. ... Categories: Africa-related stubs | Burkina Faso | Cameroon | Ethnic groups of Africa | Fulani Empire | Mali | Nigeria ... For the empire, see Songhai Empire. ... The Gur languages belong to the Niger-Congo languages. ... The Hausa are a people of northern Nigeria and south-eastern Niger. ...


Mexico

In many rural parts of Mexico, the calabash is dried and carved hollow to create a bule, a gourd used to carry water around like a canteen. This does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... Canteen has several different meanings: Canteen (place), a private cafe, restaurant, or cafeteria at a school, office, or military base. ...


South America

In Argentina, Uruguay, Paraguay, and Brazil, calabash gourds are dried and carved into mates, the traditional container for the popular caffeinated tealike drink (also called mate) brewed from the yerba mate plant. Binomial name Ilex paraguariensis A. St. ... For other uses, see Plant (disambiguation). ...


China

The hulu is an ancient remedy for health. In the old days the doctors would carry medicine inside so it has fabled properties for healing. The hulu is believed to absorb negative earth-based qi (energy) that would otherwise affect health and is a traditional Chinese medicine cure. Dried calabash is also used as containers of liquids, often liquors or medicine. Calabash were also grown in earthen molds to form different shapes and dried to house pet crickets, which were kept for their song and fighting ablities. The texture of the gourd lended it's self nicely to the sound of the animal, much like a musical instument. Traditional Chinese medicine shop in Tsim Sha Tsui, Hong Kong. ...


Hawaii

Calabash as container
Calabash as container

In Hawaii a calabash is a large serving bowl. It is usually made from a hardwood, rather than from the Calabash Gourd as in Maroon cultures. It is used on a buffet table or in the middle of the dining table. The use of the calabash in Hawaii has led to terms like "Calabash Family" or "Calabash Cousins". It indicates that an extended family has grown up around shared meals and close friendships. Food is very important in modern Hawaiian culture. "Komo E Kaukau", meaning "come and eat", it is the most expected greeting in a Hawaiian home. Calabash This image shows a calabash as used for drinking mate tea. ... Calabash This image shows a calabash as used for drinking mate tea. ... Official language(s) English, Hawaiian Capital Honolulu Largest city Honolulu Area  Ranked 43rd  - Total 10,931 sq mi (29,311 km²)  - Width n/a miles (n/a km)  - Length 1,522 miles (2,450 km)  - % water 41. ... Body of Djuka Maroon child brought before a medicine man, Suriname 1955 A Maroon (from the word marronage or American/Spanish cimarrón: wild, savage, fugitive, runaway, lit. ...


West Papua

In West Papua, New Guinea, calabash gourds make a traditional penis covering known as a koteka. The gourds are weighted with a rock while they are growing in order to make them take the appropriate elongated shape. Papua is a province of Indonesia comprising a majority part of the western half of the island of New Guinea and nearby islands (see also Western New Guinea). ... The koteka, horim, or penis sheath is a phallocrypt traditionally worn by native male inhabitants of some (mainly highland) ethnic groups in western New Guinea to cover their genitals. ...


References

  1. ^ [http://www.yale.edu/glc/gullah/04.htm image at Joseph Opala, "Origin of the Gullah", yale.edu.

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Lagenaria siceraria
  • Multilingual taxonomic information at the University of Melbourne
  • Calabashes used for flotation and to store fish during huge Nigerian fish festival
  • Eipo (West New Guinea, Central Highlands) - Making a Penis Gourd (Sanyum), by Franz Simon and Wulf Schiefenhövel. IWFMedia Catalog page for 15-minute video filmed in 1976 demonstrating the process of manufacturing a koteka from a gourd.
  • Bottle Gourds for Crafts
  • Turkish Gourd Lamps

Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Calabash - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (543 words)
The calabash (not to be confused with the calabaza) is a vine grown for its fruit, which can either be harvested young and used as a vegetable or harvested mature, dried, and used as a bottle, utensil, or pipe.
The calabash is frequently used in southern Chinese cuisine as either a stir-fry or in a soup.
In Hawaii a calabash is a large serving bowl.
Calabash, North Carolina - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (475 words)
Calabash is a town in Brunswick County, North Carolina, in the Wilmington metro area.
Calabash was named after gourds that grew in the region, which were used for drinking.
Calabash was not named for Gourds that grow in the region, but rather it was named for the shape of the Calabash River.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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