FACTOID # 21: 15% of Army recruits from South Dakota are Native American, which is roughly the same percentage for female Army recruits in the state.
 
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Encyclopedia > Calabar
Calabar
Location of Calabar in Nigeria
Government
 - Governor of Cross River State Liyel Imoke
Area
 - City 604 km²  (233.2 sq mi)
 - Land 604 km² (233.2 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 - Urban 470,000
 - Metro 1,200,000
  estimated
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 - Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+1)
Website: http://www.crossriverstate.com

Calabar is a city in southeastern Nigeria. The City is watered by the Calabar and Great Qua Rivers and creeks of the Cross River (from its inland delta). It is the capital of Cross River State and has an estimated population of 1.2 million residents. Image File history File links Locator_Map_Calabar-Nigeria. ... Area is a physical quantity expressing the size of a part of a surface. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... Crowded Shibuya, Tokyo shopping district An urban area is an area with an increased density of human-created structures in comparison to the areas surrounding it. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... A time zone is a region of the Earth that has adopted the same standard time, usually referred to as the local time. ... Time zones of Europe: Light colours indicate countries not observing summer time Central European Time (CET) is one of the names of the time zone that is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Though DST is common in Europe and North America, most of the worlds people do not use it. ... Time zones of Europe: Pale colours indicate countries without daylight saving Central European Summer Time (CEST) is one of the names of UTC+2 time zone, 2 hours ahead of Coordinated Universal Time. ... Central European Time West Africa Time British Summer Time* Irish Summer Time* Western European Summer Time* Category: ... Cross River might mean: A river that flows through West Africa Cross River State in southeastern Nigeria which is named after the river above. ... Cross River is a state in southeastern Nigeria. ...

Contents

History

Calabar, which has been inhabited for 2000 years, has been known to European sailors as far back as the 15th century and was recognised as an international sea port since the 16th century. Calabar was a major slave trade port from the late 17th to 19th centuries. Though lacking the impressive forts found in Ghana and Senegal, Calabar sits in the Bight of Biafra, a region from where approximately 25-30% of Africans transported to the new world as slaves left Africa. This percentage represents the largest single point of exit. World map showing the location of Europe. ... Three types of mariners are seen here in the wheelhouse: a master, an able seaman, and a harbour pilot. ... (14th century - 15th century - 16th century - other centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 15th century was that century which lasted from 1401 to 1500. ... Seaport, a painting by Claude Lorrain, 1638 The Port of Wellington at night. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... Slave redirects here. ... (16th century - 17th century - 18th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 17th century was that century which lasted from 1601-1700. ... Alternative meaning: Nineteenth Century (periodical) (18th century — 19th century — 20th century — more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 19th century was that century which lasted from 1801-1900 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar. ...


The city once served as the seat of Government of the Niger Coast Protectorate, Southern Protectorate and Oil River Protectorate (effectively the headquarters of modern day Nigeria). Due to her early role in international trade and colonial administration, Calabar hosts the earliest Military barracks, the first presbyterian church (Church of Scotland Mission) in 1846, the first monorail and the first modern road network in Nigeria. The city also boasts of the first public (General) Hospital in Nigeria – St. Margaret Hospital, the oldest post office and one of the first two botanical gardens in the country. The Niger Coast Protectorate was a British protectorate in the Oil Rivers area of present-day Nigeria, originally established as the Oil Rivers Protectorate in 1891, renamed on 12 May 1893, and merged with the chartered territories of the Royal Niger Company on 1 January 1900 to form the colony... In general, the word colonial means of or relating to a colony. In United States history, the term Colonial is used to refer to the period before US independence. ... Presbyterianism is part of the Reformed churches family of denominations of Christian Protestantism based on the teachings of John Calvin which traces its institutional roots to the Scottish Reformation, especially as led by John Knox. ... 1846 was a common year starting on Thursday (see link for calendar). ... This article or section is not written in the formal tone expected of an encyclopedia article. ... Mountain road with hairpin turns in the French Alps For other uses, see Road (disambiguation). ... For the record label, see Hospital Records. ... Small-town post office and town hall in Lockhart, Alabama A post office is a facility (in most countries, a government one) where the public can purchase postage stamps for mailing correspondence or merchandise, and also drop off or pick up packages or other special-delivery items. ... Inside the United States Botanic Garden Inside the Rio de Janeiro Botanic Garden (Brazil), 1890 Botanical gardens (in Latin, hortus botanicus) grow a wide variety of plants primarily categorized and documented for scientific purposes, but also for the enjoyment and education of visitors, a consideration that has become essential to...


Prominent figures in the history of Calabar include King Archibong III - the first king in southern Nigeria to be crowned with regalia sent by Queen Victoria of England in 1878. Others include Eyo Ita, the first Nigerian Professor; Louis Edet, First Nigerian Inspector General of Police; Margaret Ekpo, first woman special member in Nigeria's Eastern House of Chiefs and later Eastern House of Assembly; Hogan Kid Bassey, first Nigeria's World Boxing Champion; and Etubom Oyo Orok Oyo, premier football administrator, first and only Nigerian so far to be elected into Executive Committee of FIFA (19801988) and the first African to be made an Honorary Vice President of Confederation of African Football (CAF) (from 1988 for life). Victoria (Alexandrina Victoria; 24 May 1819 – 22 January 1901) was the Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland from 20 June 1837, and the first Empress of India from 1 May 1876, until her death on 22 January 1901. ... Motto (French) God and my right Anthem No official anthem - the  United Kingdom anthem God Save the Queen is commonly used England() – on the European continent() – in the United Kingdom() Capital (and largest city) London (de facto) Official languages English (de facto) Unified  -  by Athelstan 927 AD  Area  -  Total 130... 1878 (MDCCCLXXVIII) was a common year starting on Tuesday (see link for calendar). ... Eyo Ita (1904) was a Nigerian politician from Cross River State who was the leader of the Eastern Government of Nigerian in 1951. ... Louis Orok Edet (1914-1979) was the Inspector General of the Nigerian Police Force from 1964-1966. ... Margaret Ekpo (1914-2006) was a Nigerian womens rights activist and social mobilizer who was a pioneering female politician in the countrys First Republic and was a leading member of a class of traditional Nigerian women activists, many of whom rallied women beyond notions of ethnic solidarity. ... Professional boxing bout featuring Ricardo Domínguez (left, throwing a left uppercut) versus Rafael Ortiz Boxing, also referred to as prizefighting, the noble art, the sweet science, and pugilism is a combat sport in which two participants of similar weight fight each other with their fists in a series of... The Federation of International Football Associations(French: Fédération Internationale de Football Association), commonly known by its acroymn, FIFA, is the international governing body of association football. ... Year 1980 (MCMLXXX) was a leap year starting on Tuesday (link displays the 1980 Gregorian calendar). ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ... The 53 member CAF (Confederation of African Football) , (French : Confédération Africaine de Football) , (Arabic : الإتحاد الأفريقى لكرة القدم) represents international football in Africa, and organises the African Cup of Nations, CAF Confederation Cup and the African Champions League. ... Year 1988 (MCMLXXXVIII) was a leap year starting on Friday (link displays 1988 Gregorian calendar). ...


Layout and attractions

As a social centre the city boasts of the first social club in Nigeria – The Africa Club – and also hosted the first competitive football, cricket and field hockey games in Nigeria. Among the city's firsts include the first Roman Catholic Mass (held at 19 Boco Street, Calabar - 1903) and the oldest secondary school (Hope Waddell Training Institute - 1895) in eastern Nigeria. The School later produced the first President of Nigeria, Nnamdi Azikiwe. Football (soccer) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia /**/ @import /skins-1. ... Bowler Shaun Pollock bowls to batsman Michael Hussey. ... A game of field hockey in progress Field hockey is a popular sport for men and women in many countries around the world. ... This article discusses the Mass as part of Christian liturgy, in particular the form it has taken in the Latin rite of the Catholic Church. ... 1900 (MCMIII) was a common year starting on Thursday (link will display calendar) of the Gregorian calendar or a common year starting on Friday of the 13-day slower Julian calendar. ... Year 1895 (MDCCCXCV) was a common year starting on Tuesday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar (or a common year starting on Sunday of the 12-day-slower Julian calendar). ... Seal of the President of the Federal Republic of Nigeria Flag of the President of Nigeria The President of Nigeria is the elected head of government and head of state of the Federal Republic of Nigeria. ... Benjamin Nnamdi Azikiwe (November 16, 1904 – May 11, 1996), usually referred to as Nnamdi Azikiwe, or, informally and popularly, as Zik, was the founder of modern Nigerian nationalism and the first President of Nigeria, holding the position throughout the Nigerian First Republic. ...


The city boasts of an International Museum, a Botanical Garden, a Free Trade Zone/Port, an International Airport and Seaport, an integrated sports stadium complex, a cultural centre, one of the most prominent universities in the country[citation needed] the University of Calabar, a slave history park and several historical and cultural landmarks. It also boasts of several standard hotels, resorts and amusement parks. The former Liberian warlord Charles Taylor lived in the old colonial palace in the city under an agreement which led to the end of his country's civil war before fleeing extradition to Liberia in March 2006. The Louvre Museum in Paris, one of the largest and most famous museums in the world. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Free trade area. ... An International airport is an airport where flights from other countries land and/or take off. ... The Athens Olympic Stadium Typical stadium seating consists of terraces, such as shown here at Sarajevos Stadium Kosevo. ... The University of Calabar is a university situated in the city Calabar, in the southeastern region of Nigeria. ... Dariush Grand Hotel,Kish island, Iran The 4-star Manor House Hotel at Castle Combe, Wiltshire, England. ... This article or section does not adequately cite its references or sources. ... // Charles Taylor may refer to: Charles G. Taylor (born 1948), a former president of Liberia. ...


Online Community

Calabar has a rich tourism culture and hospitality. With visitors passing through the city in large numbers from the tourists to those visiting the city on their company's annual general meeting to students of the city's universities (University of Calabar and Cross River State University of Technology) and those on National Service. It became necessary at some point to help these people find their way around and to keep in touch with friends they may have made while passing through the city. Hence the site Calabar Online came to be to meet this need. This site is the first online community of the city with directories that you can search to find the poeple, places and events in Calabar.


Nigerian Navy

Calabar is also the Headquarters of the Eastern Naval Command. The City has a new model school, Nigerian Navy Secondary School, situated in a serene part of Akpabuyo, about 10 minutes drive from the Airport. This new school complements favourably the existing Nigerian Navy Primary School and Naval Officers Wives Association Primary School both situated at Ikot Ansa Calabar to provide quality education.


See also

Wikisource has an original article from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica about:
Calabar

Image File history File links Wikisource-logo. ... The original Wikisource logo. ... Encyclopædia Britannica, the 11th edition The Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition (1910–1911) is perhaps the most famous edition of the Encyclopædia Britannica. ... The Calabar bean is the seed of a leguminous plant, Physostigma venenosum, a native of tropical Africa. ...

External links

Coordinates: 4°57′00″N, 8°19′30″E Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Calabar Bean - LoveToKnow 1911 (1637 words)
CALABAR BEAN, the seed of a leguminous plant, Physostigma venenosum, a native of tropical Africa.
It derives its scientific name from a curious beak-like appendage at the end of the stigma, in the centre of the flower; this appendage though solid was supposed to be hollow (hence the name from 46a, a bladder, and stigma).
In cases where the poisonous material did its deadly work, it was held at once to indicate and rightly to punish guilt; but when it was rejected by the stomach of the accused, innocence was held to be satisfactorily established.
Calabar - LoveToKnow 1911 (600 words)
CALABAR (or OLD Calabar), a seaport of West Africa in the British protectorate of Southern Nigeria, on the left bank of the Calabar river in 4° 56' N., 8° 18' E., 5 m.
(See Nigeria for trade returns.) Calabar was the name given by the Portuguese discoverers of the 15th century to the tribes on this part of the Guinea coast at the time of their arrival, when as yet the present inhabitants were unknown in the district.
It was not till the early part of the 18th century that the Efik, owing to civil war with their kindred and the Ibibio, migrated from the neighbourhood of the Niger to the shores of the river Calabar, and established themselves at Ikoritungko or Creek Town, a spot 4 m.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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