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Encyclopedia > Cajun English
Acadiana, the tradtitional Cajun homeland and the stronghold of both the Cajun French and English dialects.
Acadiana, the tradtitional Cajun homeland and the stronghold of both the Cajun French and English dialects.

Cajun English is the dialect of English spoken by non-Francophone Cajuns living in southern Louisiana and, to some extent, in eastern Texas. Cajun English is signifigantly influenced by the Cajun dialect of French, the historical language of the Cajun people, a direct descendant of Acadian French, which differs somewhat from Metropolian or Parisian French in terms of pronuncation and vocabulary, particularly because of the long isolation of Acadians, and even more so Cajuns, from the Francophone world. English is now spoken by the vast majority of the Cajun population, but French influence remains strong in terms of inflection and vocabulary, and the accent is quite distinct from the General American pronunciation. Image File history File links Acadiana_and_Cajun_Heartland_USA_Louisiana_region_map. ... Image File history File links Acadiana_and_Cajun_Heartland_USA_Louisiana_region_map. ... This is a list of varieties of the English language. ... French (français, langue française) is one of the most important Romance languages, outnumbered in speakers only by Spanish and Portuguese. ... This article is about an ethnic culture. ... Map of Acadiana Region with the Cajun Heartland USA subregion highlighted in dark red. ... Official language(s) See: Languages of Texas Capital Austin Largest city Houston Area  Ranked 2nd  - Total 268,581 sq mi (695,622 km²)  - Width 773 miles (1,244 km)  - Length 790 miles (1,270 km)  - % water 2. ... Cajun French is a variety or dialect of the French language spoken primarily in the U.S. state of Louisiana, particularly in Lafayette Parish, Evangeline Parish, St. ... Acadian French (le français acadien) is a dialect of French spoken by the Acadians in the Canadian Maritimes provinces and the Saint John River Valley in northern Maine. ... Note: This page contains IPA phonetic symbols in Unicode. ...

Contents

Part of the Cajun identity

While Cajun French is considered by many to be a dying language, mostly used by elderly generations, Cajun English is spoken by even the youngest Cajuns, and is considered to be part of the identity of the ethnic group. An endangered language is a language with so few surviving speakers that it is in danger of falling out of use. ...


Features of Cajun English

Cajun English distinguishes itself with some of the following features:

  • Many vowels wich are seperate in General American English are pronounced the same way, for example, the words hill and heel are homophones, both being pronounced as /hɪɹl/.
  • Stress is generally placed on the second or last syllable of a word, a feature directly inherrited from French.
  • The voiceless and voiced alveolar stops /t/ and /d/ often replace the /th/ phenome, a feature used by both Cajun English speakers and speakers of Louisiana Creole French (Standard French speakers generally render the /th/ phenome as a /z/).
  • Cajun English speakers generally do not aspirate air when pronouncing the consonants /p/ , /t// and /k/. As a result, the words "par" and "bar" are pronounced more or less the same.
  • The inclusion of many loanwords, calques, and phrases from French, such as "nonc" (uncle, from the French oncle), "cher"(dear, pronounced /ʃɑ/, from the French chér), and "making grocries" (to shop for grocries, a calque of the French faire les courses)

Louisiana Creole French (Kreyol Lwiziyen) is a French-based creole spoken in Louisiana. ...

Other Examples of Cajun Vocabulary

  • alors pas: of course not
  • fais do-do: go to sleep
  • dit mon la verite! : Tell me the truth!
  • co faire? : Why?
  • magazin: store
  • my eye! (also my foot!): no way!

Resources

  • PBS American Accent series - Cajun

See Also


 
 

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