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Encyclopedia > Caitanya Mahaprabhu
Deities of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (right) and Sri Nityananda (left) at Radha-Krishna temple in Radhadesh, Belgium
Deities of Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (right) and Sri Nityananda (left) at Radha-Krishna temple in Radhadesh, Belgium

Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (also transliterated Chaitanya) (1486 - 1534), was an ascetic Hindu monk and social reformer in 16th century Bengal, India (present-day West Bengal and Bangladesh). A great proponent of loving devotion for God bhakti yoga, Chaitanya worshiped the Lord in the form of Radha-Krishna. Many Vaishnava followers revere him as an incarnation or avatar of Krishna Himself. He was also known as Gaura (Sanskrit for "the fair / golden one") due to his skin complexion, as well as Nimai due to being born under a Neem tree. There are numerous biographies of Chaitanya, the most popular ones being Sri Chaitanya Caritamrita of Krishnadas Kaviraja and the earlier Chaitanya Bhagavata of Vrindavan Das, both written in the Bengali language. Gauranga and Nityananda deities in Radhadesh, Belgium File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Gauranga and Nityananda deities in Radhadesh, Belgium File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ... Events Tízoc, Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan dies of poisoning. ... Events May 10 - Jacques Cartier explores Newfoundland while searching for the Northwest Passage. ... The word ascetic derives from the ancient Greek term askesis (practice, training or exercise). ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... (15th century - 16th century - 17th century - more centuries) As a means of recording the passage of time, the 16th century was that century which lasted from 1501 to 1600. ... A database query syntax error has occurred. ... West Bengal (পশ্চিম বঙ্গ, Pôścim Bôngô) is a state in the northeast of India. ... Bhakti yoga is the Hindu term for the spiritual practice of fostering of loving devotion to God, called bhakti Traditionally there are 9 forms of bhakti yoga. ... Radha refers to either one of two figures in Hindu religion. ... Lord Krishna Krishna (कृष्ण, Sanskrit for black), is, according to common Hindu tradition, the eighth avatar of Vishnu. ... Vaishnavism is the branch of Hinduism in which Vishnu or one of his avatars (i. ... In Hinduism, an avatar is the incarnation (bodily manifestation) of an Immortal Being, or of the Ultimate Supreme Being. ... The Sanskrit language ( संस्कृता वाक्) is one of the earliest attested members of the Indo-European language family and is not only a classical language, but also an official language of India. ... Binomial name Azadirachta indica A. Juss. ... This article is about the Bengali language. ...


Chaitanya's life

The story of Chaitanya's life is at times biographic and at times mythic, often associating him with krishna folk stories.


According to Chaitanya Caritamrita, Chaitanya was born as Visvambhar Mishra in 1486 as the second son of Jagannath Mishra and Sachi Devi in the town of Navadvipa in Nadiya, West Bengal. In his youth, Chaitanya was an erudite scholar, whose learning and skills in argumentation were next to none. Though religious at heart, Chaitanya did not display an active interest in the Vaishnava religion in his younger years. Events Tízoc, Aztec ruler of Tenochtitlan dies of poisoning. ... West Bengal (পশ্চিম বঙ্গ, Pôścim Bôngô) is a state in the northeast of India. ...


A significant change in Chaitanya's life came about as he traveled to Gaya to perform the shraddhaceremony for his departed father. It is there that he met his guru, the ascetic Ishvara Puri, from whom he received initiation with the Gopala Krishna mantra. Upon his return to Bengal, the local Vaishnavas, headed by Advaita Acharya, were stunned at his sudden change and soon recognized Chaitanya as the eminent leader of the Vaishnavas of the land of Nadiya. This article is about the Gaya confederacy of ancient Korea. ... A guru (गुरू Sanskrit) is a teacher in Hinduism, Buddhism and Sikhism. ...


After leaving his homeland in Bengal and becoming an ascetic, Chaitanya journeyed throughout the length and breadth of India for several years, chanting the names of Krishna constantly while wandering from place to place.


Chaitanya lived the last 24 years of his life in Puri_(city), Orissa, the great temple city of Jagannath. The king of Orissa, Maharaja Prataparudra, regarded him as Krishna incarnate and was an enthusiastic patron and devotee of the religion of Sri Chaitanya. It was during these years that Chaitanya sank deep into various meditational trances. It has been speculated that Chaitanya suffered from epilepsy to explain various extreme fits and comatose states he experienced. It is also rumored among the Pandas (hereditary priests) of Jagannatha temple that Chaitanya was murdered by them within the temple walls because of disagreements regarding Chaitanya's acceptance of Muslims and outcastes as disciples. Puri is a city in the Indian state of Orissa, which is famous for having a Jagannath temple. ... Orissa (2001 provisional pop. ... Jagannath(far right) with his brother Balarama(far left) and sister Subadra (center) in Radhadesh, Belgium Jagannath is a Sanskrit term used to describe a deity form of Krishna. ...


Chaitanya's tradition

Despite having been initiated in the Shri Madhvacharya tradition, Sri Chaitanya founded a tradition of his own, having some marked differences with the practices and the theology of the followers of Madhvacharya. He is not known to have composed anything but a series of verses known as the Siksastaka, "eight verses of instruction". He requested a select few among his followers, who later came to be known as the Six Gosvamis of Vrindavan, to systematically present the theology of bhakti he had taught in their writings. The six saints and theologians were Rupa Gosvamin, Sanatana Gosvamin, Gopala Bhatta Gosvamin, Raghunatha Bhatta Gosvamin, Raghunatha Dasa Gosvamin and Jiva Gosvamin, a nephew of brothers Rupa and Sanatana. These individuals were responsible for systematizing Gaudiya Vaishnava Theology. Shri Madhvacharya,(1238-1317), was the chief propounder of the Dvaita or dualistic school of Hindu philosophy, one of the three influential Vedanta philosophies. ... Gaudiya Vaishnava Theology began whe Caitanya Mahaprabhu (1486-1536), a Bengali Vaishnava sadhu, requested a select few among his followers, who later came to be known as the Six Gosvamis of Vrindavan, to systematically present the theology of bhakti he had taught in their writings. ...


Narottama_Dasa Thakur, Srinivasa Acarya and Syamananda Pandit were among the stalwarts of the second generation of Gaudiya Vaishnavism. Having studied under Jiva, they were instrumental in propagating the teachings of the Gosvamins throughout Bengal, Orissa and other regions of Eastern India. Many among their associates, such as Ramacandra Kaviraja and Ganga-narayana Cakravartin, were also eminent teachers in their own right. Narottama Dasa Thakura (1466(?)–?) is a Gaudiya Vaishnava saint who was responsible for spreading bhakti througout Orissa and Bengal, India. ...


The famous festival of Kheturi, presided over by Jahnava Thakurani, the wife of Nityananda Prabhu, was the first time the leaders of the various branches of Chaitanya's followers assembled together. Through such festivals, members of the loosely organized tradition became acquainted with other branches along with their respective theological and practical nuances. That notwithstanding, the tradition has maintained its plural nature, having no central authority to preside over its matters. Sri Nityananda(left) with Sri Krishna-Chaitanya Mahaprabhu(right) Radhadesh, Belgium Lord Nityananda Prabhu is the brother of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu and He is an incarnation of Lord Balarama, the elder brother of Lord Sri Krishna. ...


Around these times, the disciples and descendants of Nityananda and Advaita, headed by Virabhadra and Krishna Mishra respectively, started their family lineages (vamsa) to maintain the tradition. The vamsa descending from Nityananda through his son Virabhadra forms the most prominent branch of the modern Gaudiya tradition, though descendants of Advaita, along with the descendants of many other associates of Chaitanya, maintain their following especially in the rural areas of Bengal.


Gopala Guru Gosvamin, a young associate of Chaitanya and a follower of Vakresvara Pandit, founded another branch based in Orissa. The writings of Gopala, along with those of his disciple Dhyanacandra Gosvamin, have had a substantial influence on the methods of internal worship in the tradition.


In the 20th century the teachings of Sri Chaitanya were brought to the West by Prabhupada A.C. Bhaktivedanta, a representative of Saraswata (i.e. disciples of Sri Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura) branch of Chaitanya's tradition. In the following years Saraswata Gurus and Acharyas, members of the Goswami lineages and several other Hindu sects which revere Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, including devotees from the major Vaishnava holy places in Mathura District, West Bengal and Orissa, also established temples dedicated to Krishna and Sri Chaitanya outside India in the closing decades of the 20th century. (19th century - 20th century - 21st century - more centuries) Decades: 1900s 1910s 1920s 1930s 1940s 1950s 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s As a means of recording the passage of time, the 20th century was that century which lasted from 1901–2000 in the sense of the Gregorian calendar (1900–1999 in the... Srila Prabhupada under a painting of Krishna A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada (September 1, 1896–November 14, 1977) was born Abhay Charan De, in Calcutta, West Bengal. ... Vaishnavism is the branch of Hinduism in which Vishnu or one of his avatars (i. ... Mathura (मथुरा) is a city in India, located approximately 50 km north of Agra, and south of Delhi. ...


External links

  • Teachings of Lord Chaitanya
  • Chaitanya Caritamrta Online
  • Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu predicted
Topics in Hinduism
Shruti (primary Scriptures): Vedas | Upanishads | Bhagavad Gita | Itihasa (Ramayana & Mahabharata) | Agamas
Smriti (other texts): Tantras | Sutras | Puranas | Brahma Sutras | Hatha Yoga Pradipika | Smritis | Tirukural | Yoga Sutra
Concepts: Avatar | Brahman | Dharma | Karma | Moksha | Maya | Ishta-Deva | Murti | Reincarnation | Samsara | Trimurti | Turiya
Schools & Systems: Schools of Hinduism | Early Hinduism | Samkhya | Nyaya | Vaisheshika | Yoga | Mimamsa | Vedanta | Tantra | Bhakti
Traditional Practices: Jyotish | Ayurveda
Rituals: Aarti | Bhajans | Darshan | Diksha | Mantras | Puja | Satsang | Stotras | Yajna
Gurus and Saints: Shankara | Ramanuja | Madhvacharya | Ramakrishna | Vivekananda | Sree Narayana Guru | Aurobindo | Ramana Maharshi | Sivananda | Chinmayananda | Sivaya Subramuniyaswami | Swaminarayan | A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
Denominations: List of Hindu denominations
Vaishnavism | Saivism | Shaktism | Smartism | Agama Hindu Dharma | Contemporary Hindu movements | Survey of Hindu organisations

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Sriman Sena was one of the inhabitants of Navadvipa and was a constant companion of Lord Caitanya Mahaprabhu.
Caitanya Mahaprabhu is sometimes explained to be radha-bhava-dyuti-suvalita, or characterized by the emotions and bodily luster of Srimati Radharani.
Caitanya dasa, the eldest son of Sivananda Sena, wrote a commentary on Krsna-karnamrta that was later translated by Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura in his paper Sajjana-tosani.
Sri Caitanya Mahaprabhu predicted (3012 words)
I offer my prostrated obeisances to Adideva, the Supreme Lord Sri Gauranga Mahaprabhu who is the ultimate and original cause of all causes, the Paratma or Supersoul of all living entities and who possesses a transcendental eternal form of truth, knowledge and bliss.
Also there is a text by the name Caitanya Upanisad within the Atharva Veda, which explains the Lord's incarnation in Kali-yuga.
Sri Caitanya's incarnation was a hidden incarnation, thus He buried references to His appearance deep within the ocean of Vedic texts.
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