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Encyclopedia > Cairo (operating system)

Cairo was the code name for a project at Microsoft from 1991 to 1996. Its charter was to build technologies for a next generation operating system that would fulfill Bill Gates' vision of "information at your fingertips." Microsoft Corporation, (NASDAQ: MSFT, HKSE: 4338) is a multinational computer technology corporation with global annual revenue of US$44. ... An operating system (OS) is a set of computer programs that manage the hardware and software resources of a computer. ... William Henry Gates III (born October 28, 1955) is an American entrepreneur and the co-founder, chairman, former chief software architect, and former CEO of Microsoft, the worlds largest software company. ...



Cairo was announced at the 1991 Microsoft Professional Developers Conference by Jim Allchin.[1] It was demonstrated publicly (including a demo system for all attendees to use) at the 1993 Cairo/Win95 PDC.[2] Microsoft changed stance on Cairo several times, sometimes calling it a product, other times referring to it as a collection of technologies.[3] 1991 (MCMXCI) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar. ... Microsofts Professional Developers Conference (or PDC) is a conference for professional software developers, normally Windows developers. ... James Allchin James Edward Allchin (born in Grand Rapids, Michigan in 1951) is co-President of the Platform Products and Services Group at Microsoft, responsible for Microsofts operating systems, streaming media products and Internet services. ... 1993 (MCMXCIII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Gregorian calendar and marked the Beginning of the International Decade to Combat Racism and Racial Discrimination (1993-2003). ...

At its peak, Cairo was one of the largest groups at Microsoft and employed a majority of the company's senior engineering and design talent.


Cairo used distributed computing concepts to make information available instantly and seamlessly across a worldwide network of computers. Distributed computing is a method of computer processing in which different parts of a program run simultaneously on two or more computers that are communicating with each other over a network. ...

Although Cairo never emerged as a shipping product, the main features of the operating system were shipped as parts of other Microsoft operating systems.

The Windows 95 user interface was based on the initial design work that was done on the Cairo user interface.[4] DCE/RPC shipped in Windows NT 3.1. X.500 shipped as part of Active Directory in Windows 2000. X.400 messaging shipped as part of Microsoft Exchange Server. Content Indexing is now a part of Internet Information Server and Windows Desktop Search.[1] Windows 95 is a consumer-oriented graphical user interface-based operating system. ... DCE/RPC stands for Distributed Computing Environment / Remote Procedure Calls. Note that DCE/RPC should not be confused with just DCE which is a suite of DCE/RPC services that provide, amongst other things, CDS and DFS. DCE/RPC was commissioned by the Open Software Foundation in a Request for... X.500 is the set of ITU-T computer networking standards covering electronic directory services such as white pages, Knowbot and whois. ... Typically Active Directory is managed using the graphical Microsoft Management Console. ... Windows 2000 (also referred to as Win2K) is a preemptible, interruptible, graphical and business-oriented operating system that was designed to work with either uniprocessor or symmetric multi-processor 32-bit Intel x86 computers. ... In computing, X.400 is an OSI standard developed by the ITU-T (at the time the CCITT) in cooperation with ISO for the exchange of messages, both between people and between software applications. ... Microsoft Exchange Server is a messaging and collaborative software product developed by Microsoft. ... IIS (Microsoft Internet Information Services or Server) is a set of Internet based services for Windows machines. ... Windows Desktop Search (or WDS) is an indexed search platform released by Microsoft for the Windows operating system. ...

The remaining component is the object file system, now called WinFS. It was originally planned as part of Windows Vista but development was cancelled in June 2006, with some of its technologies to be merged into other Microsoft products such as the next versions of Microsoft SQL Server "codenamed" Katmai and Windows codenamed "Vienna" under the Windows "7" Project.[5] It has been suggested that Microsoft Rave be merged into this article or section. ... Windows Vista is the latest release of Microsoft Windows, a line of graphical operating systems used on personal computers, including home and business desktops, notebook computers, Tablet PCs, and media centers. ... June 2006 : ← - January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December- → Extraordinary renditions. ...

See also

The Windows logo used since November 2006. ... Microsoft codenames are the codenames given by Microsoft to products it has in development, before these products are given the names by which they appear on store shelves. ...


  1. ^ a b Larry Osterman (October 15, 2004). So what exactly IS COM anyway?. Larry Osterman's WebLog. Retrieved on 2007 January 7.
  2. ^ Jon Udell (September 07, 2005). WinFS and social information management. InfoWorld. Retrieved on 2007 January 7.
  3. ^ Jon Udell (November 1996). The next version of Windows NT will flex its enterprise muscle by incorporating features from "Cairo.". Byte. Retrieved on 2007 January 7.
  4. ^ Microsoft Windows 95: Desktop Operating System Strategy. Directions on Microsoft (January 1995). Retrieved on 2007 January 7.
  5. ^ Quentin Clark (June 23, 2006). WinFS Update. What's in Store. MSDN Blogs. Retrieved on 2006 June 23.

  Results from FactBites:
Cairo (operating system) - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (381 words)
Cairo was the code name for a project at Microsoft.
Cairo was announced at the 1991 Microsoft Professional Developers Conference by Jim Allchin.
It was demonstrated publicly (including a demo system for all attendees to use) at the 1993 Cairo/Win95 PDC.
  More results at FactBites »



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