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Encyclopedia > Cain

In stories common to the Abrahamic religions, Cain or Káyin (קַיִן / קָיִן "spear" Standard Hebrew Qáyin, Tiberian Hebrew Qáyin / Qāyin; Arabic قايين Qāyīn in the Arabic Bible; قابيل Qābīl in Islam) is the eldest son of Adam and Eve, and the first man born in creation according to Genesis. Abrahamic religions is a term used in the study of comparative religion to describe those religions deriving from a common ancient Semitic tradition and traced by their adherents to Abraham, a patriarch whose life is narrated in the Hebrew Bible, the New Testament, and in the Quran. ... The Modern Hebrew language is a Semitic language of the Afro-Asiatic language family. ... Tiberian Hebrew is an oral tradition of pronunciation for ancient forms of Hebrew, especially the Hebrew of the Bible, that was given written form by masoretic scholars in the Jewish community at Tiberias in the early middle ages, beginning in the 8th century. ... The Arabic language (; , less formally, ) is the largest member of the Semitic branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family (classification: South Central Semitic) and is closely related to Hebrew and Aramaic. ... The Bible (sometimes The Book, Good Book, Word of God, The Word, or Scripture), from Greek (τα) βιβλια, (ta) biblia, (the) books, plural of βιβλιον, biblion, book, originally a diminutive of βιβλος, biblos, which in turn is derived from βυβλος—byblos, meaning papyrus, from the ancient Phoenician city of Byblos which exported this writing material... Islām is described as a dÄ«n, meaning way of life and/or guidance. ... According to the Book of Genesis in the Christian Bible and Judaisms Torah, and to Islams Quran, Adam was the first man created by God. ... Genesis (Greek: Γένεσις, having the meanings of birth, creation, cause, beginning, source and origin), also called The First Book of Moses, is the first book of Torah (five books of Moses), and is the first book of the Tanakh, part of the Hebrew Bible; it is also the first book of...


The Hebrew word for Cain, qayin, originally meant a lance or spear. The word also may be related to a mid-1st millenium BCE South Arabic word qyn, meaning a metal smith. (See Richard S. Hess, Studies in the Personal Names of Genesis 1-11, ISBN 3-7887-1478-6. pp. 24-25.) The word has become associated with the word qanah, meaning "to obtain," or "to provoke to jealousy" because of a word-play in Gen. 4:1 between qayin and qanithi, a derivative of qanah ("And Adam had sex with his wife Eve, and she conceived and gave birth to Qayin, and said, 'I have obtained [qanithi] a man from YHWH.'"). Nevertheless, there is no etymological relationship between these two words. (See Allen C. Myers, et., The Eerdmans Bible Dictionary, 1987, p. 181). Qayin was also the name of an ancient tribe friendly to Israel, also referred to as the Kenites, from whom some scholars attribute the stories about Cain. (Redirected from 1st millenium BCE) (2nd millennium BC – 1st millennium BC – 1st millennium AD – other millennia) Events The Iron Age began in Western Egypt declined as a major power The Tanakh was written Buddhism was founded Cyrus the Great conquered Babylon and created the Persian Empire (6th century BC) Sparta... The Kenites were a people whose name has been interpreted as smiths by some and by others related to the word nest. These interpretations are not sure, however. ...


According to the Bible, Cain was a tiller of the land while his younger brother Abel was a shepherd. God's rejection of Cain's sacrifice (minchah in Hebrew) of fruit and grain in preference to Abel's offering from his flocks drove Cain to murder his brother in a jealous rage. When God later questioned Cain as to his brother's whereabouts, Cain answered, "Am I my brother's keeper?" The Bible (sometimes The Book, Good Book, Word of God, The Word, or Scripture), from Greek (τα) βιβλια, (ta) biblia, (the) books, plural of βιβλιον, biblion, book, originally a diminutive of βιβλος, biblos, which in turn is derived from βυβλος—byblos, meaning papyrus, from the ancient Phoenician city of Byblos which exported this writing material... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... In the Book of Genesis, Abel (Hebrew הֶבֶל / הָבֶל, Standard Hebrew Hével / Hável, Tiberian Hebrew Héḇel / Hāḇel; Arabic هابيل HābÄ«l) was the second son of Adam. ... In a draw in a mountainous region, a shepherd guides a flock of about 20 sheep amidst scrub and olive trees. ... God is the Supreme Being believed to exist in monotheistic religions as the creator of the Universe. ... Sacrifice (from a Middle English verb meaning to make sacred, from Old French, from Latin sacrificium : sacer, sacred; sacred + facere, to make) is commonly known as the practice of offering food, or the lives of animals or people to the gods, as an act of propitiation or worship. ... Look up Brother in Wiktionary, the free dictionary Brother may have the following meanings, in addition to and derived from its main one of male sibling; see Family. a male friend or acquaintance, in some cultures shortened to Bro or Brah a peer, male or female (though such usage is...


God decreed that Cain was cursed so that he could no longer till the ground, and that instead he must be a fugitive wanderer. Cain protested that he would be killed by those he encountered, in reply to which God gave Cain a special mark and decreed that any who killed him would suffer vengeance "sevenfold." Cain then settled in the Land of Nod, east of Eden (or was forced to wander the world, depending on ones view of the translation). See Cain and Abel for a fuller story and some exploration of the mythological significance. This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ... The Land of Nod is a place in the Book of Genesis of the Hebrew Bible, located to the east of Eden, to which Cain was banished after murdering his brother Abel. ... The Fall of Man by Lucas Cranach, a 16th century German depiction of Eden Garden of Eden, from Hebrew Gan Eden, גן עדן is the location of the story told in Genesis 2 and 3—part of the creation belief of the Abrahamic religions. ... William Blakes The Body of Abel Found by Adam and Eve Cain and Abel are mentioned in Genesis 4 [1], both sons of Adam and Eve. ...


According to the Book of Jubilees 4:9, Cain married his sister Awan, and the couple had their first son Enoch approximately 196 years after the creation of Adam. He then established the first city, naming it after his son Enoch. According to the Book of Jubilees 4:31, Cain died when his house collapsed on him, in the same year that Methuselah died. The Book of Jubilees expands and reworks material found in Genesis to Exodus 15. ... Awan was the daughter of Adam and Eve, and sister of Cain, Abel, and Seth, according to the Book of Jubilees. ... Enoch (חֲנוֹךְ Initiated; dedicated; disciplined, Standard Hebrew Ḥanoḫ, Tiberian Hebrew Ḥănôḵ) can refer to Two names in the Generations of Adam Enoch, one of the names in the Generations of Adam, described as an ancestor of Noah, who walked with God, and was... The Book of Jubilees expands and reworks material found in Genesis to Exodus 15. ... This article needs to be cleaned up to conform to a higher standard of quality. ...


The nature of Cain's mark is unspecified in the Bible. In popular mythology, however, the mark has been thought to be a mark on the forehead, or possibly red hair. Formerly, a widespread belief was that the mark of Cain was black skin. This idea was used as an argument in favor of slavery; however, that view has generally fallen out of favor as a baseless justification for enslavement. A girl with red hair Red hair is common in orangutans. ... The Buxton Memorial Fountain, celebrating the emancipation of slaves in the British Empire in 1834, London. ...


Cain is also thought to have fathered the Biblical races of giants and monsters—the so-called children of Cain. This tradition has no basis in the Bible itself, which portrays Cain's descendants as ordinary human beings and states that the "Nephilim" (giants) were born of the union of the "sons of God" (generally interpreted as fallen angels) with the daughters of men. In the Hebrew Bible and several non-canonical Jewish and early Christian writings, nephilim (in Hebrew הנּפלים means the fallen [ones]) are a people created by the cross-breeding of the sons of God (beney haelohim, בני האלהים) and the daughters of men. (See Genesis 6:1. ... This article needs copyediting (checking for proper English spelling, grammar, usage, tone, style, and voice). ...


Qabil (Cain in Islam)

The story of Cain and Abel is also told in the Qur'an (5:27-32), where Cain is not named; however, in Islamic tradition he is called Qabil, while Abel is called Habil. In the Qur'an, as in the Bible, Qabil's sacrifice was rejected whereas Habil's was accepted, and Qabil, enraged, killed his brother and became evil. God then sent a crow that scratched in the earth, to prompt Qabil to bury his brother; seeing it, he said "Woe is me! Was I not even able to be as this raven, and hide the naked body of my brother?" and he regretted his deed. It was on this account, according to the Qur'an, that God ordained for the Children of Israel that "if anyone slew a person - unless it be for murder or for spreading mischief in the land - it would be as if he slew the whole people; and if anyone saved a life, it would be as if he saved the life of the whole people." In the Book of Genesis, Abel (Hebrew הֶבֶל / הָבֶל, Standard Hebrew Hével / Hável, Tiberian Hebrew Héḇel / Hāḇel; Arabic هابيل Hābīl) was the second son of Adam. ... The Quran (Arabic: al-qurān, literally the recitation; also called Al Qurān Al Karīm or The Noble Quran; or transliterated Quran, Koran, and less commonly Alcoran) is the holy book of Islam. ... The Children of Israel (Hebrew: בני ישראל Bnai Yisrael or Bnei Yisrael or Bnei Yisroel or Bene Israel;) (Arabic: بني إسرائيل) is a Biblical term for the Israelites. ...


No mention is made of the mark of Cain, or of Cain's later wanderings.


See Similarities between the Bible and the Qur'an. The Quran (Koran) contains many references to people and events that are mentioned in the Bible; especially the stories of the prophets of Islam, among whom are included Moses, David and Jesus. ...


Cain in Mormonism

The Book of Moses, considered scripture by the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and also (as part of the Joseph Smith Translation of the Bible) by the Community of Christ, contains a slightly different version of the Cain story. The Book of Moses is a text published by Joseph Smith, Jr. ... The Salt Lake City temple of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints is the largest attraction in the citys Temple Square. ... The Joseph Smith Translation of the Bible, also called the Inspired Version of the Bible or the JST, is a version of the Bible dictated by Joseph Smith, Jr. ... Community of Christ Temple in Independence, Missouri, USA. Dedicated 1994 Community of Christ, previously known as the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints or RLDS church is a branch of Mormon Restorationism, and is the second largest denomination of the Latter Day Saint movement. ...


In the Book of Moses account, Cain is not the firstborn; Adam and Eve have many (unnamed) sons and daughters before his birth. Cain "loves Satan more than God," and he sacrifices to God only because Satan commands it. Cain wants to kill Abel for his livestock, so he enters into a secret pact with Satan, in which Satan promises to obey Cain's commands and to deliver Abel into his hands. The rest of the story is essentially the same as the biblical account. Gustave Dores depiction of Satan from John Miltons Paradise Lost Satan (שָׂטָן Standard Hebrew Satan, Greek and Latin Sátanas, Tiberian Hebrew Śāṭān; Aramaic שִׂטְנָא Śaṭanâ: both words mean Adversary; accuser) is an angel, demon, or minor god in many religions. ...


Because of his pact with Satan, Cain is considered the father of "secret combinations," a term used extensively in the Book of Mormon in reference to secret societies and organized crime. Cain is the first to hold the title Master Mahan, which he explains as meaning "master of this great secret, that I may murder and get gain." Book of Mormon: Another Testament of Jesus Christ (The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints edition) The Book of Mormon is one of four sacred texts of Mormonism, first published by Joseph Smith, Jr. ... Organized crime is crime carried out systematically by formal criminal organizations. ... Master Mahan is a title assumed first by Cain and later by his descendant Lamech according to the Book of Moses, a Latter-day Saint book of scripture. ...


In Latter-day Saint theology, Cain is Satan's master. In Moses 5:23-24, the Lord tells Cain, "And thou shalt rule over him [Satan]; for from this time forth thou shalt be the father of his lies; thou shalt be called Perdition; for thou wast also before the world." Cain is considered to be the most evil human being ever to walk the earth, the quintessential Son of Perdition (though this title is not technically appropriate since Cain is Perdition himself). Mormonism (also called Latter Day Saint theology or Mormon theology and Latter Day Saint culture or Mormon culture) is a religion, ideology, movement, and subculture originating in the early 1800s as a product of the Latter Day Saint movement. ... Son of Perdition found in 2 Thessalonians 2:3 and is a name commonly associated with the Antichrist mentioned in 1 and 2 John. ...


Mormon folklore holds that Cain was cursed with immortality and still walks the earth today. This is not mentioned in Mormon scripture and is apparently based largely on an account by early Mormon apostle David W. Patten. Patten claimed to have encountered a very tall, hairy, dark-skinned man in Tennessee who said that he was Cain, that he had earnestly sought death but was denied it, and that his mission was to destroy the souls of men. Patten's story is quoted in Spencer W. Kimball's very popular book The Miracle of Forgiveness, which is how most Mormons are aware of it. Some have connected Cain, as described by Patten, with Bigfoot. Immortality (or eternal life) is the concept of existing for a potentially infinite, or indeterminate length, of time. ... The Twelve Apostles (in Koine Greek απόστολος apostolos [1], someone sent forth/sent out, an emissary) were probably Galilean Jewish men (10 names are Aramaic, 4 names are Greek) chosen from among the disciples, who were sent forth by Jesus of Nazareth... Born: November 14, 1799 Ordained: February 15, 1835 Died: October 25, 1838 Categories: LDS stubs | Apostles of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints | 1799 births | 1838 deaths ... State nickname: Volunteer State Other U.S. States Capital Nashville Largest city Memphis Governor Phil Bredesen (D) Senators Bill Frist (R) Lamar Alexander (R) Official language(s) English Area 109,247 km² (36th)  - Land 106,846 km²  - Water 2,400 km² (2. ... Spencer Woolley Kimball (March 28, 1895 – November 5, 1985) headed The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, commonly known as the Mormons, from 1973 until his death in 1985. ... Frame 352 from the Patterson-Gimlin film This article is about Bigfoot, an unconfirmed North American ape-like creature. ...


See also


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Cain, the eldest son of Adam and Eve, was born after they were banished from the Garden of Eden.
Angered by this rejection, Cain killed his brother, for which he was subjected to a double curse: The ground would no longer yield to him its wealth, and he was condemned to be a fugitive and a vagabond for the rest of his life.
In the New Testament, Cain is seen as the opponent of his righteous brother Abel (Hebrews 11:4), as a symbol for an evil way of living (Jude, verse 11), and as someone whose works were wicked (1 John 3:12).
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