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Encyclopedia > Cai Xiang
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Cai Xiang (simplified Chinese: 蔡襄) (born in Xianyou, Fujian in 1012, died in Xianyou 1067) is a Chinese calligrapher, scholar, official and poet. Jump to: navigation, search Fujian (Chinese: 福建; pinyin: ; Wade-Giles: Fu-chien; Postal System Pinyin: Fukien, Foukien; local transliteration Hokkien from Min Nan Hok-kiàn) is one of the provinces on the southeast coast of China. ... Events Mael Morda starts a rebellion against Brian Boru in Ireland, which would eventually end in 1014 at the Battle of Clontarf. ... Events Constantine X emperor of the Byzantine Empire dies. ... Calligraphy (from Greek καλλι calli beauty + γραφος graphos writing) is the art of decorative writing. ... Poets are authors of poems, or of other forms of poetry such as dramatic verse. ...



Style name Junmuo, posthumous name Zhonghuei Born in Song dynasty Xiangfu reign (1012 AD) in Xianyiu county of Xinghua prefecture (Now Xianyiu county in Putian city of Fujian province). A Chinese courtesy name, sometimes also known as a style name, was a pseudonym that was used in place of a given name by educated Chinese up until the 20th century. ... A posthumous name (Traditional Chinese: 諡號/謚號 Simplified Chinese: 谥号; Pinyin: shì hào; Romaji: shigō/tsuigō; Revised Romanization of Korean: siho) is a honorary name given to royalty in some cultures posthumously, that is, after the persons death. ...


In Tiansheng the eighth year(1030 AD) Cai Xiang obtain the degree of jinshi. His highest rank was Duanmingdian Xueshi,(secretariat Drafter of Duanming Court ) in charge of written communication of imperial government.


Cai Xiang had the reputation as the greatest caligrapher in Song Dynasty.


During the Chingli reign (1042-1048 AD), Cai Xiang was the Officer of Transportation ( Zhuanyunshi) in Fujian. He pioneered the manufacturing of small Dragon Tribute Tea Cake of superlative quality, reputed to be harder to get than gold.


In his Tea Note written between 1049-1053, he critized the traditional method of mixing small amount of Dryobalanops aromatica camphor into tea cake:


"Tea has intrinsic aroma. But tribute tea manufacturers like to mix small amount of Dryobalanops aromatica camphor, supposely to enhance the aroma. The local people of Jian'an never mix any incense into tea, afraid to robe the natural aroma of tea"


"Tea abhors incense"


Works of Cai Xiang

  • Calligraphy: Wan'an Bridge Report Tablet
  • Poetry: Collected Works of Cai Zhonghuei
  • Essay: Tea Note (1049-1053)

External links

  • Artnet biography

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cai Xiang - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (219 words)
Cai Xiang (simplified Chinese: 蔡襄) (born in Xianyou, Fujian in 1012, died in Xianyou 1067) is a Chinese calligrapher, scholar, official and poet.
Cai Xiang had the reputation as the greatest caligrapher in Song Dynasty.
During the Chingli reign (1042-1048 AD), Cai Xiang was the Officer of Transportation ( Zhuanyunshi) in Fujian.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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