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Encyclopedia > Cafeteria plan

A cafeteria plan is a type of employee benefit plan offered in the United States pursuant to Section 125 of the Internal Revenue Code. Its name comes from the earliest such plans that allowed employees to choose between different types of benefits, similar to a cafeteria. Employee benefits (also called fringe benefits, perquisites, or perks) are various non-wage compensations provided to employees in addition to their normal wages or salaries. ... The Internal Revenue Code (or IRC) (more formally, the Internal Revenue Code of 1986, as amended) is the main body of domestic statutory tax law of the United States organized topically, including laws covering the income tax (see Income tax in the United States), payroll taxes, gift taxes, estate taxes... One of a number of cafeterias at Electronic City campus, Infosys Technologies Ltd. ...

Employees of employers with cafeteria plans may obtain such benefits as health insurance, group-term life insurance, and flexible spending accounts through the plan. Though some cafeteria plans offer an explicit choice of cash or benefits, most today are operated through a "salary reduction agreement", which is a payroll deduction in all but name. Deductions under such agreements are often called pre-tax deductions; they are not subject to income tax, or in most cases FICA. A flexible spending account (FSA) is a tax-advantaged financial account set up through the cafeteria plan of an employer in the United States. ... Federal Insurance Contributions Act (FICA) tax is a United States tax levied in an equal amount on employees and employers to fund old-age, survivors, and disability insurance portion of the Social Security system and the hospital insurance portion ( Medicare). ...



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