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Encyclopedia > Café Society

"Café society" described the mixed group of "Beautiful People" and "Bright Young Things" that gathered in fashionable restaurants of Paris, London, Rome or New York, beginning in the late 19th century. Café society was not the same as old money, the The Establishment is a generalized, mostly negative term used in Western societies to refer to the controlling (elite) structures of those societies. The establishment is often said to be holding a lock on wealth and political power. Mostly est. is used as its abbreviation. The old boys network has... Establishment or "high society", the people who went to one another's private dinners and balls, reunited at Spa is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Liège. It is situated in a romantic valley amid hills which form part of the Ardennes chain, 27 miles southeast of Liège, and 22 miles southwest of Aix-la-Chapelle. As of January 1st, 2004, Spa had a... spas and elegant resorts and married one another's children. Café society was replaced in the late 1950s by the Jet Set.

Café Society was also a This is an article about New York City; see also NYC, New York, and New York, New York. Midtown Manhattan, looking north from the Empire State Building, 2005. New York City (officially named the City of New York) is the most populous city in the United States and is at... New York City A nightclub (often dance club or club, particularly in the UK) is an entertainment venue which does its primary business after dark. Nightclubs are always associated with music and have a dance floor, however small: a drinking establishment without music is a saloon or bar, pub or tavern. Though a... nightclub opened in 1938 was a common year starting on Saturday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-May January 3 - The March of Dimes is established by Franklin Delano Roosevelt. January 11 - Frances Moulton is the first woman to become president of a US national bank. January 20 - Wedding of King... 1938 in Greenwich Village is a largely residential area on the west side of downtown (southern) Manhattan in New York City. The neighborhood is roughly bounded by Broadway on the east, the Hudson River on the west, Houston Street on the south, and 14th Street on the north. The neighborhoods surrounding it... Greenwich Village by Barney Josephson to showcase African Americans, also known as Afro-Americans or black Americans, are an ethnic group in the United States of America whose ancestors, usually in predominant part, were indigenous to Sub-Saharan and West Africa. The majority of African Americans are of African, European and Native American ancestry. Terms for African... African American talent and to be an American version of the political Cabaret is a form of entertainment featuring comedy, song, dance, and theatre, distinguished mainly by the performance venue - a restaurant or nightclub with a stage for performances and the audience sitting around the tables (often dining or drinking) watching the performance. The turn of the 19th century introduced a revolutionized... cabarets he had seen in Europe before the war. Josephson also intended the club to defy the pretensions of the rich; he chose the name to mock Categories: People stubs | U.S. dramatists and playwrights | Ambassadors of the United States | 1903 births | 1987 deaths ... Clare Booth Luce and what she referred to as "café society", the habitués of more upscale nightclubs. Josephson not only copyrighted the name but advertised the club as "The Wrong Place for the Right People." Josephson opened a second branch on 58th Street, between Lexington and Park Avenue, in 1940 was a leap year starting on Monday (link will take you to calendar). Events January-February January 5 - FM radio is demonstrated to the FCC for the first time. January 6 - World War II: Mass execution of Poles, committed by Germans in the Poznan, Warthegau. January 12 - World War... 1940.

The club also prided itself on treating both black and white customers equally, unlike many venues, such as the The Cotton Club was a famous nightclub in New York City that operated during and after Prohibition. While the club featured many of the greatest African-American entertainers of the era, such as Duke Ellington, Cab Calloway and Ethel Waters, it generally denied admission to blacks. During its heyday, it... Cotton Club, that featured black performers but barred black customers. The club featured many of the greatest black musicians of the day, from a wide range of backgrounds, often presented with a strongly political bent. Billie Holiday photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1949 Billie Holiday ( April 7, 1915 - July 17, 1959), also called Lady Day is generally considered one of the greatest jazz singers of all time. Born Eleanora Fagan, she had a difficult childhood which affected her life and career. Early life Much of... Billie Holiday first sang "Strange Fruit" there; at Josephson's insistence, she closed her set with this song, leaving the stage without taking any encores, so that the audience would be left to think about the meaning of the song.

Relying on the keen musical judgment of There are two John Hammonds of note. They are father and son: John Hammond (December 15, 1910 - July 10, 1987) was a record producer, musician and music critic from the 1930s to the 1970s. He was responsible for discovering and developing artists such as Benny Goodman, Meade Lux Lewis, Count... John Hammond, Josephson helped launch the careers of Lena Horne photographed by Carl Van Vechten, 1941 Lena Calhoun Horne (born June 30, 1917) is an American popular singer. While she has recorded and performed extensively with jazz musicians (notably Artie Shaw and Teddy Wilson), she is usually not considered a jazz singer because she does not improvise. She... Lena Horne and Hazel Dorothy Scott (1920 – 1981) was a jazz and classical pianist and singer. She was born in Trinidad but raised in New York City from the age of four. She performed extensively on piano as a child, then trained at the Juilliard School. She was known for improvising on... Hazel Scott and popularized gospel groups such as The Golden Gate Quartet is the most successful of all of the African-American gospel music groups who sang in the jubilee quartet style. Founded as the Golden Gate Jubilee Quartet in Norfolk, Virginia in 1934 by A. C. Eddie Griffin, Robert Peg Ford, Henry Owens, and Bill Johnson, they... the Golden Gate Quartet and The Dixie Hummingbirds is one of the most influential groups in gospel music, spanning more than 75 years from the jubilee quartet style of the 1920s, through the hard gospel quartet style of Gospels golden age in the 1940s and 1950s, to the eclectic pop-tinged songs of the... the Dixie Hummingbirds among white audiences. The club was also a regular venue for such artists as the Boogie woogie has two different meanings: a piano based music style, boogie woogie (music) a dance that imitates the rocknroll of the 50s, boogie woogie (dance) This is a disambiguation page — a navigational aid which lists other pages that might otherwise share the same title. If an... boogie woogie pianists Meade Anderson Lux Lewis (1905 - 1964) was a United States pianist and composer noted for his work in the Boogie Woogie style. Lewis was born in Chicago, Illinois in September of 1905 (September 3rd, 4th, and 13th are given as his birthdate in various sources). In his youth he was... Meade Lux Lewis, Albert Ammons (1907-1949) was an American boogie-woogie pianist. Ammons formed his own band in 1934, and in 1938 performed in the Spirituals to Swing concert at Carnegie Hall, which among other achievements launched the boogie-woogie craze. He and two other performers at the concert, Meade Lux Lewis... Albert Ammons and Peter (Pete) Johnson (March 24/25, 1904 - March 23, 1967) was an American jazz pianist best known as a leading boogie-woogie player. He began his musical career in 1922 as a drummer in Kansas City, Missouri. From 1926 to 1938 he worked as a pianist, often accompanying Joe Turner... Pete Johnson, A blues shouter is a blues singer, often male, capable of singing with a band. The singer must project, or shout, to be heard over the drums and instruments of the band. Blues shouting is a major pathway by which jazz music edged over into rock and roll. Notable blues... blues shouter Big Joe Turner (May 18, 1911 - November 24, 1985) was an American blues singer from Kansas City, Missouri. Although he came to his greatest fame in the 1950s with his pioneering rock and roll recordings, particularly Shake, Rattle and Roll, Turners career as a performer stretched from the 1930s... Big Joe Turner, singer and activist USPS Black Heritage stamp Paul LeRoy Bustill Robeson (April 9, 1898–January 23, 1976) was an American actor, athlete, singer, writer, and political and civil rights activist. Birth and siblings Robeson was born in Princeton, New Jersey and a graduate of Somerville, New Jersey High School where he excelled... Paul Robeson, country blues singers Josh White and Big Bill Broonzy (1893 or 1898-1958) was a prolific United States composer, recorder and performer of blues songs. Born in Mississippi, he arrived in Chicago in 1924, where he met Papa Charlie Jackson, who taught him to play guitar (Broonzy had previously been a fiddler). Broonzy first recorded as... Big Bill Broonzy, and jazz giants Lester Willis Young, nicknamed Prez (August 27, 1909-March 15, 1959) was an American jazz tenor saxophonist. Young was born in Woodville, Mississippi and grew up in a musical family. His brother Lee Young was a noted drummer, and several other relatives played music professionally. His family moved to New... Lester Young, Billie Holiday, Art Tatum (October 13, 1909 - November 4, 1956) was a famous jazz pianist known for his virtuosic playing and creative improvisation. Arthur Tatum was born in Toledo, Ohio. From birth he suffered from cataracts which left him with only very limited vision in one eye. He played piano from his... Art Tatum, James Price Johnson (February 1, 1894 - November 17, 1955) was a pianist and composer. With Luckey Roberts, Johnson was one of the originators of the stride style of piano playing. Johnson was born in New Brunswick, New Jersey. His family moved to New York City in 1908. His first professional... James P. Johnson, Sarah Vaughan (March 27, 1924 - April 3, 1990) is considered by some to be one of the greatest female jazz singers in the history of the genre, along with Billie Holiday and Ella Fitzgerald. She began performing with Earl Hines in the early 1940s, but soon broke away with Billy... Sarah Vaughan, and Mary Lou Williams (May 8, 1910 – May 28, 1981) was an American jazz pianist, composer, and arranger. She was born Mary Elfrieda Scruggs in Atlanta, Georgia and grew up in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. As a very young child she taught herself to play the piano (her first public performance was... Mary Lou Williams. The club also served as a place for musical interchange and development: the Dixie Hummingbirds, performing under the name "the Jericho Quintet", sang with Lester Young's combo, while adopting some of the stage moves that their more popular rivals, the Golden Gate Quartet, had perfected.

The club was the scene of numerous political events and fundraisers, often for left causes, during and after Mushroom cloud from the nuclear explosion over Nagasaki rising 18 km (60,000 ft) into the air. August 9, 1945 World War II was a global conflict that started in 7 July 1937 in Asia and 1 September 1939 in Europe and lasted until 1945, involving the majority of the... World War Two. In 1947 was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will take you to calendar). Events January January 1 - British mines nationalized January 1 - Nigeria gains limited autonomy January 1 - The Canadian Citizenship Act went into effect January 3 - Proceedings of the U.S. Congress are televised for the first time... 1947 Josephson's brother Leon was A subpoena (pronounced suh-pee-nuh) is a writ commanding a person to appear under penalty (from Latin). It is used to compel the testimony of witnesses in a trial. Usually it can be issued by a judge or by the lawyer representing the plaintiff or the defendant in a... subpoenaed by the The House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) was an investigating committee of the United States House of Representatives. The committee investigated what it considered un-American propaganda, but was condemned by many for persecuting people and ruining their lives and careers on account of their personal political beliefs. The... House Committee on Un-American Activities, which led to hostile comments from columnists Westbrook Pegler (2 August 1894 - 24 June 1969) was a United States journalist and writer. Pegler was born in Minneapolis, Minnesota. He served as a war correspondent in Europe for United Press during World War I. After the war, Pegler started off as a sports columnist, but later wrote general... Westbrook Pegler and Walter Winchell (April 7, 1897 - February 20, 1972) was an American journalist. Originally named Walter Winchel (one L), he was born in New York City on April 7, 1897, and spent his formative years there. In newspaper columns and on the radio, he invented the gossip column. He broke the... Walter Winchell. Business dropped sharply as a result and the club closed the following year.



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