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Encyclopedia > Caernarvonshire
Carnavonshire

Caernarfonshire, also known as Carnarvonshire or, in Welsh, as Sir Gaernarfon, is a maritime traditional county of Wales, bounded N. by the Irish Sea, E. by Denbighshire, S. by Cardigan Bay and Merionethshire, and W. by Caernarfon Bay and the Menai Straits, which separates it from Anglesey. It has an area of 1,462 kmē and a population of 128,000. The surface is mountaineous. A large part of the Snowdonia National Park lies in the County including Snowdon, the highest mountain in Wales at 1,085 m. The Lleyn Peninsula is less mountaineous and contains many bays and sandy beaches. Bardsey Island is a major site for nesting seabirds. The River Conwy runs north along the E. boundary. Principal towns are Bangor, Betws-y-Coed, Caernarfon, Conwy, Llandudno, Porthmadog and Pwllheli. Sheep rearing and tourism are the main industries, the coast being much developed for the latter. For administrative purposes, the county is divided between Gwynedd to the west and Conwy to the east.


Caernarfonshire has a detached coastal portion that lies locally in Denbighshire. This was incorporated into Denbighshire for administrative purposes, and has been so shown on the map opposite.


Places of special interest: Bardsey Island (SH1221); Caernarfon Castle (SH4762); Conwy Castle (SH7877); Cricceith Castle (SH4937); Great Orme Tramway (SH7883); Gwydir Castle, nr. Llanrwst (SH7961); Penrhyn Castle (SH6071); Swallow Falls, Betws-y-Coed (SH7657); Snowdon Mountain Railway, Llanberis (SH5859); Ty Mawr Wybrnant (SH7752).


See also



  Results from FactBites:
 
Caernarvonshire Genealogy (3912 words)
Vol.1, ; The Embankment Tramway, The Gorseddau Tramway, The Festiniog and Blaenau Railway, The Merionethshire Railway, The Croesor Tramway, The Bettws-y-Coed and Festiniog Railway, The North Wales Narrow Gauge Railways and The Porthmadoc Beddgelert and South Snowdon Railway.
Caernarvonshire and Anglesey Infirmary, records 1811-1969 "The Loyal Dispensary, Bangor was opened in 1810, primarily to provide vaccines for smallpox.
Caernarvonshire Motor taxation records 1904-1977 "Under the Motor Car Act 1903, all motor vehicles and motor cycles had to be licensed by their local county for use on public roads, and were assigned a unique registration number.
Caernarvonshire Genealogy (3410 words)
Gwynedd Family History Society have a map of the ecclesiastical parishes of Caernarvonshire (Publications) on which there are links to photographs of some parish churches.
The history of North Wales : comprising a topographical description of the several counties of Anglesey, Caernarvon, Denbigh, Flint, Merioneth, and Montgomery; To which is prefixed, A review of the history of Britain, from the Roman period to the Saxon heptarchy, interspersed with notes biographical and explanatory.
Vol.1, ; The Embankment Tramway, The Gorseddau Tramway, The Festiniog and Blaenau Railway, The Merionethshire Railway, The Croesor Tramway, The Bettws-y-Coed and Festiniog Railway, The North Wales Narrow Gauge Railways and The Porthmadoc Beddgelert and South Snowdon Railway.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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