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Encyclopedia > Caen

Coordinates: 49°10′59″N 0°22′10″W / 49.1830555556, -0.369444444444 Map of Earth showing lines of latitude (horizontally) and longitude (vertically), Eckert VI projection; large version (pdf, 1. ...

Commune of Caen

Abbaye aux Hommes in 2004
Abbaye aux hommes, Caen, France (C)opyleft 2004, Thomas Hirsch File history Legend: (cur) = this is the current file, (del) = delete this old version, (rev) = revert to this old version. ...

Location
Administration
Country France
Region Basse-Normandie
(capital)
Department Calvados (préfecture)
Arrondissement Caen
Canton Chief town of 9 cantons
Intercommunality Communauté d'agglomération
Caen la Mer
Mayor Philippe Duron (PS)
(2008-2014)
Statistics
Elevation 2 m–73 m
(avg. 8 m)
Land area¹ 25.70 km²
Population²
(1999)
113,987
 - Density 4,435/km² (1999)
Miscellaneous
INSEE/Postal code 14118/ 14000, 14300
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.
2 Population sans doubles comptes: single count of residents of multiple communes (e.g. students and military personnel).
France

Caen (pronounced [kɑ̃]) is a commune of northwestern France. It is the préfecture of the Calvados département and the capital of the Basse-Normandie (Lower-Normandy) region. The city has a population of 115 000 inhabitants and a metropolitan area population of approximately 199 490[1]. Its inhabitants are called the caennais (and caennaise(s) for women). It is located 15 km (6 mi) inland from the English Channel (French: La Manche ([mɑ̃ʃ]), "the sleeve"). Image File history File links France_blank. ... Image File history File links Paris_plan_pointer_b_jms. ... This list of countries, arranged alphabetically, gives an overview of countries of the world. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Capital Caen Land area¹ 17,589 km² Regional President Philippe Duron (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... Departments (French: IPA: ) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... For the apple brandy produced in the region, see Calvados (spirit). ... In France, a préfecture is the capital city of a département. ... The 100 French departments are divided into 342 arrondissements, which may be translated into English as districts. ... The arrondissement of Caen is an arrondissement of France, located in the Calvados département, of the Basse-Normandie région. ... The cantons of France are administrative divisions subdividing arrondissements and départements. ... Map of the 36,568 communes of metropolitan France. ... The communauté dagglomération Caen la Mer is a French communauté dagglomération, located in the Calvados département, in the Basse-Normandie région. ... A mayor (from the Latin māior, meaning larger, greater) is the modern title of the highest ranking municipal officer. ... Philippe Duron, president of the regional council of Basse-Normandie, was elected on March 28, 2004, the first member of Frances Socialist Party to be elected to this office. ... Elevation histogram of the surface of the Earth – approximately 71% of the Earths surface is covered with water. ... Population density per square kilometre by country, 2006 Population density map of the world in 1994. ... INSEE is the French abbreviation for the French National Institute for Statistics and Economic Studies (French: Institut National de la Statistique et des Études Économiques). ... Postal codes were introduced in France in 1972, when La Poste introduced automated sorting. ... Square kilometre (US spelling: Square kilometer), symbol km², is an SI unit of surface area. ... A square mile is an English unit of area equal to that of a square with sides each 1 statute mile (≈1,609 m) in length. ... For other meanings, see Estuary (disambiguation) Río de la Plata estuary An estuary is a semi-enclosed coastal body of water with one or more rivers or streams flowing into it, and with a free connection to the open sea. ... This page lists English translations of several Latin phrases and abbreviations, such as and . ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... The commune is the lowest level of administrative division in the French Republic. ... In France, a préfecture is the capital city of a département. ... For the apple brandy produced in the region, see Calvados (spirit). ... The départements (or departments) are administrative units of France and many former French colonies, roughly analogous to English counties. ... Capital Caen Land area¹ 17,589 km² Regional President Philippe Duron (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... For other uses, see Normandy (disambiguation). ... France is divided into 26 régions: 21 of these are in the continental part of metropolitan France, one is Corse on the island of Corsica (although strictly speaking Corse is in fact a territorial collectivity, not a région, but is referred to as a région in common... For the Thoroughbred racehorse of the same name, see English Channel (horse). ...


Caen is known for its historical buildings built during the reign of William the Conqueror, who was buried here, and for the Battle for Caen—heavy fighting that took place in and around Caen during the Battle of Normandy in 1944, destroying much of the town. William I of England (c. ... Combatants United Kingdom Canada Poland United States Germany Commanders Bernard Montgomery, Miles Dempsey, Richard OConnor, Guy Simonds Edgar Feuchtinger, Erwin Rommel, Gerd von Rundstedt, Günther von Kluge Strength 2nd British Army, 51st Highland Division, 11th British Armoured division, 7th British Armoured Division, Polish 1st Armoured Division, VIII British... This article is about the assault phase of Operation Overlord. ...

Contents

History

Almost 600 years before the town was ruined in 1944 during World War II, it was similarly ravaged by war, when in 1346 King Edward III of England led his army against the city, hoping to loot the town, which was the richest in Normandy at the time. On the 26 of July his English troops stormed the town and sacked it, killing 3,000 of its citizens and burning much of the merchant's quarter. Whilst sacking the town, English officials searching the archives of the city, found a copy of the 1339 Franco-Norman plan to invade England, made between Philip VI of France and Normandy. This was subsequently sent back to England and used for propaganda purposes to justify the continuation of the war, and also the supplying/financing of the conflict. Only the castle of Caen held out, despite attempts at besieging it by the English soldiers. A few days later the English left, marching to the east and to their victory at the Battle of Crécy. Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... This article is about the King of England. ... This article is about the battle in 1346 during the Hundred Years War. ... Philip VI of France Philip VI of Valois (French: Philippe VI de Valois; 1293 – August 22, 1350) was the King of France from 1328 to his death, and Count of Anjou, Maine, and Valois 1325–1328. ... Crécy redirects here. ...


During the Battle of Normandy in World War II, Caen saw intense and bitter combat between Allied and Axis forces. After the landing of the British I Corps at Sword Beach on June 6, 1944, progress of the Allied Forces stalled outside Caen. British and Canadian troops finally broke through on July 9, after an intense bombing campaign during Operation Charnwood that destroyed much of the city but that allowed the Allies to seize the western quarters of Caen, a month later than Montgomery's original plan. During the battle, many of the town's inhabitants sought refuge in the Abbaye aux Hommes (Men's Abbey), built by William the Conqueror some 800 years before. Post-WWII re-construction of the city that included the re-construction of complete districts of the city and the university campus took 14 years (1948-1962) and led to the current urbanization of Caen. Caen lost many of its historic quarters and its historic university campus because of the war and, as such, doesn't have, as some would call it, the 'feel' of a traditional Normandy town such as Honfleur, Rouen, Cabourg, Deauville and Bayeux. This article is about the assault phase of Operation Overlord. ... Combatants Allied powers: China France Great Britain Soviet Union United States and others Axis powers: Germany Italy Japan and others Commanders Chiang Kai-shek Charles de Gaulle Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin Franklin Roosevelt Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tōjō Casualties Military dead: 17,000,000 Civilian dead: 33,000... Combatants United Kingdom Canada Poland United States Germany Commanders Bernard Montgomery, Miles Dempsey, Richard OConnor, Guy Simonds Edgar Feuchtinger, Erwin Rommel, Gerd von Rundstedt, Günther von Kluge Strength 2nd British Army, 51st Highland Division, 11th British Armoured division, 7th British Armoured Division, Polish 1st Armoured Division, VIII British... The British I Corps has a long history, and was in existence as an active formation in the British Army for longer than any other corps. ... Combatants United Kingdom Germany Commanders General-Lieutenant Miles Dempsey, British 3rd Infantry Division Generalleutnant Wilhelm Richter, German 716th Static Infantry Division Hans von Luck, German 21st Panzer Division Strength 28,845 Unknown Casualties 630 Unknown German defense at Ouistreham. ... is the 157th day of the year (158th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Year 1944 (MCMXLIV) was a leap year starting on Saturday (link will display full calendar) of the Gregorian calendar. ... is the 190th day of the year (191st in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... During World War 2, Operation Charnwood (Allies, 1944) had the objective to capture Caen and its surroundings during the ongoing Battle of Normandy. ... Field Marshal Bernard Law Montgomery, 1st Viscount Montgomery of Alamein, KG, GCB, DSO, PC (17 November 1887 – 24 March 1976) was a British Army officer, often referred to as Monty. He successfully commanded Allied forces at the Battle of El Alamein, a major turning point in World War II, and... William I of England (c. ... Honfleur is a harbour commune in the Norman département of Calvados, in France, located on the southern bank of the estuary of the Seine, very close to the exit of the Pont de Normandie. ... Rouen (pronounced in French, sometimes also ) is the historical capital city of Normandy, in northwestern France on the River Seine, and currently the capital of the Haute-Normandie (Upper Normandy) région. ... Cabourg is a commune of the Calvados département, in the Basse_Normandie région in France. ... Deauville is a commune of the Calvados département, in the Basse-Normandie région, in France. ... Bayeux (pronounced ) is a small town and commune in the Calvados département, in Normandy, northwestern France. ...


The Canadian Army Film and Photo Unit filmed the D-Day offensive and Orne breakout several weeks later, then returned several months later to document the town's recovery efforts. The resulting film You Can't Kill a City is preserved at the National Archives of Canada.


From 1912 to 1993, the SMN produced steel at the SMN plant to the East of the city. The land is now an industrial estate used by the food industry. The Société Métallurgique de Normandie (Metallurgic Company of Normandy), or SMN was a steel mill in Caen (Colombelles), Normandy. ...


Images

Etymology

Year 1070 of the Parker manuscript[1] of the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle refers to Caen as "Kadum" [2]. This seems to point to a Gaulish etymology Katu-magos = "battle field". The initial page of the Peterborough Chronicle. ... Gaulish is name given to the now-extinct Celtic language that was spoken in Gaul before the Romans, the Franks and the British Celts invaded. ...


Geography

Caen is in an area of high humidity. The Orne flows through the city, as well as different small rivers known as les Odons, most of them having been buried under the city to improve urban hygiene. Orne is the name of two rivers in France: one in Normandy and one in Lorraine. ...


Caen sits 10 km (6 mi) away from the Channel. A canal that is parallel to the Orne was built during the reign of Napoleon III to be able to link the city to the sea at all times. The canal reaches the English Channel at Ouistreham. A lock enables the canal to withstand the effects of the tide and permits large ships to navigate up the canal to Caen's freshwater harbours. For the Thoroughbred racehorse of the same name, see English Channel (horse). ... This article is about the President of the French Republic and Emperor of the French. ... For the Thoroughbred racehorse of the same name, see English Channel (horse). ... Ouistreham is a commune of the Calvados département, in the Basse-Normandie région, in France. ... Canal de Caen à la Mer (Canal from Caen to the sea; also called the Caen Canal) is a small canal in the department (préfecture) of Calvados (Apple-Brandy), France, that connects the Port of Caen, in the city of Caen, downstream to the town of Ouistreham and the English...


Main sights

Castle

The castle, Château de Caen, built circa 1060 by William the Conqueror, who successfully conquered England in 1066, is one of the largest medieval fortresses of Western Europe. It remained an essential feature of Norman strategy and policy. At Christmas 1182 a royal court celebration for Christmas in the aula of Caen Castle brought together Henry II and his sons, Richard the Lionheart and John Lackland, receiving more than a thousand knights. Caen Castle, along with all of Normandy, was handed over to the French Crown in 1204. The castle saw several engagements during the Hundred Years' War (1346, 1417, 1450) and was in use as a barracks as late as World War II. Today, the castle serves as a museum that houses the Musée des Beaux-Arts de Caen (Museum of Fine Arts of Caen) and Musée de Normandie (Museum of Normandy) along with many periodical exhibitions about arts and history . (See Timeline of Caen Castle) The Château de Caen is a castle in the French town of Caen in the Calvados département (Basse-Normandie). ... William I of England (c. ... The Bayeux Tapestry depicts the Battle of Hastings and the events leading to it. ... The Norman dynasty is a series of four monarchs, who ruled England from the time of the Norman Conquest in 1066, until 1154. ... Avola (Sicilian: Aula) is a city and commune in the province of Syracuse, Sicily (Italy). ... Henry II of England (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189) ruled as King of England (1154–1189), Count of Anjou, Duke of Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Duke of Gascony, Count of Nantes, Lord of Ireland and, at various times, controlled parts of Wales, Scotland and western France. ... Richard I (8 September 1157 – 6 April 1199) was King of England and ruler of the Angevin Empire from 6 July 1189 until his death. ... This article is about the King of England. ... Combatants France Castile Scotland Genoa Majorca Bohemia Crown of Aragon Brittany England Burgundy Brittany Portugal Navarre Flanders Hainaut Aquitaine Luxembourg Holy Roman Empire The Hundred Years War was a conflict between France and England, lasting 116 years from 1337 to 1453. ...


Abbeys

In repentance for marrying his cousin Mathilda of Flanders, William ordered two abbeys to be built on Pope's encouragement: Bold textTHIS IS THE PAGE THAT A.S. REALLY NEEDS!! THIS IS NOW MARKED!!! ] ps i like A.O. This article is about an abbey as a Christian monastic community. ...

  • Eglise de Ste.-Etienne, formerly the Abbaye aux Hommes (Men's Abbey). It was completed in 1063 and is dedicated to St Stephen. The current Hôtel de Ville (town hall) of Caen is built onto the South Transept of the building.
  • Eglise de la Ste.-Trinité, formerly the Abbaye aux Dames (Women's Abbey). It was completed in 1060 and is dedicated to the Holy Trinity. The current seat of the regional council (conseil régional) of Basse-Normandie is nearby.

Abbaye-aux-Hommes The Church of Saint-Etienne de Caen, formerly the Abbaye-aux-Hommes (Mens Abbey) is a former abbey church in the French city of Caen. ... Saint Stephen, the first Christian martyr, was one of the first seven deacons chosen by the early church, according to the Acts of the Apostles (vi. ... City Hall is a 1996 film directed by Harold Becker. ... A compass rose with South highlighted South is most commonly a noun, adjective, or adverb indicating direction or geography. ... Cathedral ground plan. ... William the Conqueror and his wife Matilda both founded the Abbaye aux Dames and the Abbaye aux Hommes. ... This article concerns the holy Trinity of Christianity. ... A Conseil régional (regional council) is the elected assembly of a région of France. ...

Others

  • Saint-Pierre Church.
  • Mémorial pour la Paix built in 1988, charting the events leading up to and after D-Day. It is an emotional presentation inviting meditation on the thought of Elie Wiesel: "Peace is not a gift from God to man, but a gift from man to himself". The Memorial for Peace also includes an exhibit of Nobel Peace Prize winners and another one on Conflict Resolution in different cultures.
  • Saint Étienne abbey-church, where a slab marks the place of the tomb of William the Conqueror, though his bones were scattered by Huguenots in 1562, during the French Wars of Religion.
  • Parc Festyland, an amusement park to the West of Caen in the nearby town of Carpiquet. The park receives 110,000 visitors every year.
  • Mondeville 2 is a regional shopping centre in adjoining Mondeville.

Land on Normandy In military parlance, D-Day is a term often used to denote the day on which a combat attack or operation is to be initiated. ... Elie Wiesel (born Eliezer Wiesel on September 30, 1928)[1] is a Hungarian-French-Jewish novelist, political activist, Nobel Laureate and Holocaust survivor. ... William I of England (c. ... From the 16th to the 18th century the name Huguenot was applied to a member of the Protestant Reformed Church of France, historically known as the French Calvinists. ... The French Wars of Religion were a series of conflicts fought between Catholics and Huguenots (Protestants) from the middle of the sixteenth century to the Edict of Nantes in 1598, including civil infighting as well as military operations. ... Parc Festyland is a relative small theme park situated withing the Caen ringroad (A13/A84). ... Carpiquet is a commune of the Calvados département, in the Basse_Normandie région in France. ... Mondeville 2 is a shopping centre in Caen, France and the largest of the Basse Normandie région. ... For the traditional meaning of the word mall, see pedestrian street or promenade. ... Mondeville is a commune of the département of Calvados, in the Basse-Normandie région, in France. ...

Administration

The coat of arms of Caen.
The coat of arms of Caen.

Recent Mayors of Caen have included:

In 1952, the small commune of Venoix became part of Caen. The Popular Republican Movement (Mouvement Républicain Populaire or MRP) was a French Christian democratic party of the Fourth Republic. ... The Republican Party was a French right-wing political party founded in 1977. ... The Union for French Democracy, also known by its French acronym UDF (Union pour la Démocratie Française), is a French centrist political party. ... Brigitte Le Brethon, French politician (b. ... The Rally for the Republic, also known by its French acronym RPR (Rassemblement pour la République), was a French political party. ... The Union for a Popular Movement (Union pour un Mouvement Populaire, UMP), is the main French centre-right political party. ... Philippe Duron, president of the regional council of Basse-Normandie, was elected on March 28, 2004, the first member of Frances Socialist Party to be elected to this office. ... The Socialist Party (Parti Socialiste, PS) is one of the largest political parties in France. ... Situated west from Caen, Venoix long was an independent commune. ...


In 1990, the agglomeration of Caen was organized into a district, transformed in 2002 into a Communauté d'agglomération (Grand Caen (Greater Caen), renamed Caen la Mer in 2004), gathers 29 towns and villages, including Villons-les-Buissons, Lions-sur-mer, Hermanville-sur-mer, which joined the Communauté d'agglomération in 2004. The population of the "communauté d'agglomération" is around 220000 inhabitants. A communauté dagglomération is a metropolitan government structure in France, created by the Loi Chevénement in 1999. ... The communauté dagglomération Caen la Mer is a French communauté dagglomération, located in the Calvados département, in the Basse-Normandie région. ... Villons-les-Buissons is a commune of the Calvados département, in the Basse-Normandie région, in France. ...


In the former administrative organisation, Caen was a part of 9 cantons, of which it is the chief town. These cantons contain a total of 13 towns. Caen gives its name to a 10th canton, of which it is not part. The canton is an administrative division of France. ...


Transport

Caen has a recently built, controversial guided bus system - built by Bombardier Transportation and modelled on its Guided Light Transit technology - and a very efficient network of city buses, operated under the name Twisto. Faced with the residents' anger against the project, the municipality had to pursue the project with only 23% of the population in favour of the new form of transport - residents were in favour of trams rather than buses. The road layout of the city centre was deeply transformed and the formerly traffic-jam-free centre's problems are still unresolved. The city is also connected to the rest of the Calvados département by the Bus Verts du Calvados bus network. This article is about the new guided bus system in Caen, for information about the Tramway de Caen, see here. ... Bombardier Transportation is the rail equipment division of the Bombardier group. ... GLT vehicles bear a strong resemblance to trams, but are in actual fact buses capable of following a single guidance rail. ... Twisto is the brand name under which buses and guided buses are operated in the Norman city of Caen. ... Caens Public transport interchange. ...


Caen - Carpiquet Airport is the biggest airport in Lower-Normandy considering the number of passengers that it serves every year, and offers commuting possibilities to the whole of Europe. Most flights are operated by Brit Air and Chalair Aviation and the French national airline Air France operates three daily flights to the French city of Lyon, while in the summer there are many charter flights to Spain, the United Kingdom, Germany, Tunisia, Morocco and Algeria. Caen - Carpiquet Airport is an airport in Caen and Carpiquet, France (IATA: CFR, ICAO: LFRK). ... Brit Air is an airline based at Morlaix in France and has a fleet of 41 aircraft. ... Chalair Aviation, previously Chalair, is an airline based in Caen, France. ... Air France (formally Société Air France) is Europes largest airline company. ... This article is about the French city. ...


Caen is served by the small port of Ouistreham, lying at the mouth of the Caen Canal where it meets the English Channel. A ferry service operates between Portsmouth in the United Kingdom and Caen/Ouistreham running both standard roll-on-roll-off car ferries and supercat fast ferries, with the latter making crossing from March to November. The ferry terminal is 15 km from Caen with a daytime shuttle bus service for foot passengers. Ouistreham is a commune of the Calvados département, in the Basse-Normandie région, in France. ... For the Thoroughbred racehorse of the same name, see English Channel (horse). ... For other places with the same name, see Portsmouth (disambiguation). ...


Caen is connected to the rest of France by motorways to Paris (A13), Brittany (A84) and soon to Le Mans (A28). The A13 is a toll road while the A84 is a toll-free motorway. The city is encircled by the N814 ring-road that was completed in the late 1990s. The N13 connects Caen to Cherbourg and to Paris. The A13/N814 ring-road includes an impressive viaduct called the Viaduc de Calix that goes over the River Orne and the canal linking the city to the sea to permit cargo ships and ferries to dock in the port of Caen. Ferries which have docked include the Quiberon and the Duc de Normandie. An autoroute. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Autoroute 13, or LAutoroute de Normandie links Paris to Caen, Calvados. ... Historical province of Brittany, showing the main areas with their name in Breton language The traditional flag of Brittany (the Gwenn-ha-du), formerly a Breton nationalist symbol but today used as a general civic flag in the region. ... Image:A84airemontstmichel. ... Le Mans is a city in France, located at the Sarthe River. ... Autoroute 28 is an motorway linking Abbeville in Somme to Tours in Indre-et-Loire. ... This article or section does not cite any references or sources. ... The Périphérique de Caen is a ring road circling the French city of Caen. ... For the Australian town and Aboriginal Mission, see Cherbourg, Queensland. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... Autoroute 13, or LAutoroute de Normandie links Paris to Caen, Calvados. ... Torontos Bloor Street Viaduct bridges the Don valley; road traffic uses the upper deck, rail traffic uses the lower deck. ... Orne is the name of two rivers in France: one in Normandy and one in Lorraine. ... The Port of Caen, Port de Caen, is the harbour and port authority of the Norman city of Caen, France. ... Brittany Ferries MV Quiberon operated for the company between 1982 and 2002. ... Duc de Normandie was a ferry operated by Brittany Ferries. ...


Although a fraction of what it used to be remains, Caen once boasted an extensive rail and tram network. From 1895 until 1936 the Compagnie des Tramways Electriques de Caen (Electrical Tramway Company of Caen) operated all around the city. Caen also had several main and branch railway lines linking Caen railway station to all parts of Normandy with lines to Paris, Vire, Flers, Cabourg, Houlgate, Deauville, Saint-Lô, Bayeux and Cherbourg. Now only the electrified line of Paris-Cherbourg, Caen-Le Mans and Caen-Rennes subsist with minimal services. This article is about the first tramway system in Caen, for information about the Guided bus of Caen, see here. ... Caen Station in 2003. ... Gare Saint-Lazare is Paris busiest railway station. ... Vire is a commune and a canton of the département of Calvados, in the Basse-Normandie région, in France. ... Cabourg is a commune of the Calvados département, in the Basse_Normandie région in France. ... Houlgate is a commune of the département of Calvados, in the Basse-Normandie région, in France. ... Deauville is a commune of the Calvados département, in the Basse-Normandie région, in France. ... Saint-Lô is a town and commune of France, the préfecture (capital) of the Manche département, in Normandy. ... Bayeux (pronounced ) is a small town and commune in the Calvados département, in Normandy, northwestern France. ... For the Australian town and Aboriginal Mission, see Cherbourg, Queensland. ... Le Mans is a city in France, located at the Sarthe River. ... For other uses, see Rennes (disambiguation). ...


Education

  • The University of Caen, Université de Caen, has around 25 000 students in three different campuses, all linked by a tramway. The University is divided into 11 colleges, called UFR (Unité fondamentale de Recherche), 6 institutes, 1 Engineering School (Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Ingénieurs), 2 IUP and five local campus (Alençon, Cherbourg, Lisieux, Saint-Lô and Vire). The University is one of the oldest in France, having been founded by Henry VI, King of England in 1432.
  • Caen also has a Fine Arts school (Ecole des Beaux-Arts).

Caen University is a university in Caen, France. ... Alençon is a town in Normandy, France, préfecture (capital) of the Orne département. ... For the Australian town and Aboriginal Mission, see Cherbourg, Queensland. ... Lisieux is a commune of the Calvados département, in the Lower Normandy région, in France. ... Saint-Lô is a town and commune of France, the préfecture (capital) of the Manche département, in Normandy. ... Vire is a commune and a canton of the département of Calvados, in the Basse-Normandie région, in France. ... This article is about the English king. ...

Miscellaneous

The Caen skyline facing the Cathedral (Photo taken from the Château de Caen - April 2007)
The Caen skyline facing the Cathedral (Photo taken from the Château de Caen - April 2007)

Famous Caennais

Caen was the birthplace of:

Robert, 1st Earl of Gloucester (c. ... Henry I (c. ... Jean Bertaut (1552 - June 8, 1611), French poet, was born at Caen. ... The poor poet A poet is a person who writes poetry. ... François le Métel de Boisrobert (1592 - March 30, 1662), was a French poet. ... François de Malherbe François de Malherbe (1555 - October 16, 1628) was a French poet, critic and translator. ... The poor poet A poet is a person who writes poetry. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... The poor poet A poet is a person who writes poetry. ... A novel is an extended work of written, narrative, prose fiction, usually in story form; the writer of a novel is a novelist. ... Pierre Daniel Huet (1630-1721) was a French churchman and scholar, Bishop of Soissons from 1685 to 1689 and afterwards of Avranches. ... René Auguste Constantin de Renneville (1650-1723), French writer, was born at Caen. ... Pierre Varignon Pierre Varignon ( born in 1654 in Caen - died on December 23, 1722 in Paris) was a French mathematician. ... Leonhard Euler, considered one of the greatest mathematicians of all time A mathematician is a person whose primary area of study and research is the field of mathematics. ... Charlotte Corday by Paul Jacques Aimé Baudry, painted 1860: Under the Second Empire, Marat was seen as a revolutionary monster and Corday as a heroine of France, represented in the wall-map. ... Jean-Paul Marat Jean-Paul Marat (May 24, 1743 - July 13, 1793), was a Swiss-born scientist and physician, who made much of his career in England, but is best known as a French Revolutionary. ... François Henri Turpin (1709 - 1799) was a French man of letters. ... Michel Guillaume Jean de Crèvecoeur (December 31, 1735 – November 12, 1813) was a French-American writer. ... Jean-Jacques François Marin Boisard (Caen, 1743–1831) was a French writer who specialized in fables. ... A writer is anyone who creates a written work, although the word more usually designates those who write creatively or professionally, or those who have written in many different forms. ... For other uses, see Fable (disambiguation). ... Gervais Delarue (1751-1835), French historical investigator, formerly regarded as one of the chief authorities on Norman and Anglo-Norman literature, was a native of Caen. ... Louis Gustave le Doulcet, Comte de Pontécoulant (1764-1853), French politician, was born at Caen on the 17th of November 1764. ... Daniel François Esprit Auber (January 29, 1782 - May 13, 1871), French composer, the son of a Paris print-seller, was born in Caen in Normandy. ... A composer is a person who writes music. ... Jacques Amand Eudes-Deslongchamps (1794-1867), French naturalist and palaeontologist, was born at Caen in Normandy on the 17th of January 1794. ... A paleontologist carefully chips rock from a column of dinosaur vertebrae. ... Étienne Marin Mélingue (1808-1875) was a French actor and sculptor. ... For other uses, see Actor (disambiguation). ... Sculptor redirects here. ... André-Louis Danjon (April 6, 1890 – April 21, 1967) was a French astronomer born in Caen, France. ... Galileo is often referred to as the Father of Modern Astronomy. ... Marie Pierre Koenig (October 10, 1898—September 2, 1970) was a French general. ... The Free French Forces (Forces Françaises Libres in French) were French fighters who decided to go on fighting against Germany after the Fall of France and German occupation and to fight against Vichy France in World War II. General Charles de Gaulle was a member of the French Cabinet in... Combatants Free French Forces Afrika Korps Commanders Marie Pierre Koenig Erwin Rommel Strength 3703  ? Casualties 140 Dead, 229 Wounded, 814 Captured 3300 Dead and Wounded, 277 Captured The Battle of Bir Hakeim (May 26, 1942 - June 11, 1942) is a World War II battle following the Afrika Korps 1942 campaign. ... The Marshal of France (maréchal de France) was one of the Great Officers of the Crown of France. ...

Twinnings

Caen is twinned with:

Image File history File links Flag_of_Bulgaria. ... Overview of the city Pernik (Bulgarian: ) is a city in western Bulgaria with a population of 91,883 as of 2006. ... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Nashville redirects here. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... Location in Virginia Coordinates: , Country State Founded 1718 Government  - Mayor William D. Euille Area  - City  15. ... Motto: (traditional) In God We Trust (official, 1956–present) Anthem: The Star-Spangled Banner Capital Washington, D.C. Largest city New York City Official language(s) None at the federal level; English de facto Government Federal Republic  - President George W. Bush (R)  - Vice President Dick Cheney (R) Independence - Declared - Recognized... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... For other uses, see Coventry (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_the_United_Kingdom. ... For other places with the same name, see Portsmouth (disambiguation). ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Germany. ... For the German World War II radar system of the same name, see Würzburg radar. ... Image File history File links Flag_of_Senegal. ... Thiès is the second largest city in Senegal with a population of 237,849 (2002 census). ...

See also

Stade Malherbe de Caen is a French football team, playing in the city of Caen, Normandy. ... Soccer redirects here. ... ‘Caen stone’ is a light creamy-yellow Jurassic limestone. ... During World War 2, Operation Charnwood (Allies, 1944) had the objective to capture Caen and its surroundings during the ongoing Battle of Normandy. ...

Notes

  1. ^ Insee - France in facts and figures - The 57 urban units with more than 100 000 inhabitants
  2. ^ Her Landfranc se þe wæs abbod an Kadum com to Ængla lande: Here Lanfranc who was abbot at Caen came to England.

Lanfranc (d. ... For other uses, see Abbot (disambiguation). ... For other uses, see England (disambiguation). ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Caen
Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Caen.
Image File history File links This is a lossless scalable vector image. ... In France, a préfecture is the administrative town of a département. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... For other uses, see Strasburg. ... (New région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Bas-Rhin Haut-Rhin Arrondissements 13 Cantons 75 Communes 904 Statistics Land area1 8,280 km² Population (Ranked 14th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... For other uses, see Bordeaux (disambiguation). ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Dordogne Gironde Landes Lot-et-Garonne Pyrénées-Atlantiques Arrondissements 18 Cantons 235 Communes 2,296 Statistics Land area1 41,308 km² Population (Ranked 6th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Clermont-Ferrand is a city of France, in the Auvergne region, with a population of approximately 140,000. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Clermont-Ferrand Regional President René Souchon (PS) (since 2006) Departments Allier Cantal Haute-Loire Puy-de-Dôme Arrondissements 14 Cantons 158 Communes 1,310 Statistics Land area1 26,013 km² Population (Ranked 19th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Dijon ( , IPA: ) is a city in eastern France, the préfecture (administrative capital) of the Côte-dOr département and of the Bourgogne région. ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Yonne Côte-dOr Nièvre Saône-et-Loire Arrondissements 15 Cantons 174 Communes 2,045 Statistics Land area1 31,582 km² Population (Ranked 16th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... For other uses, see Rennes (disambiguation). ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Rennes Regional President Jean-Yves Le Drian (PS) (since 2004) Departments Côtes-dArmor Ille-et-Vilaine Morbihan Finistère Arrondissements 15 Cantons 201 Communes 1,268 Statistics Land area1 27,208 km² Population (Ranked 7th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Orléans (Latin, meaning golden) is a city and commune in north-central France, about 130 km (80 miles) southwest of Paris. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Orléans Regional President Michel Sapin (PS) (1998 to 2000, and since 2004) Departments Cher Eure-et-Loir Indre Indre-et-Loire Loir-et-Cher Loiret Arrondissements 20 Cantons 198 Communes 1,842 Statistics Land area1 39,151 km² Population (Ranked 9th)  - January... Châlons-en-Champagne is a city and commune in France. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Aube Ardennes Haute-Marne Marne Arrondissements 15 Cantons 146 Communes 1,947 Statistics Land area1 25,606 km² Population (Ranked 18th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Ajaccio (IPA: , Latin: ; French: ; Corsican: ), is a town in France. ... For other uses, see Corsica (disambiguation). ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Utinam (Latin: If God wills) Citadel Vauban of Besançon Location Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Franche-Comté Department Doubs (25) Intercommunality Grand Besançon Mayor Jean-Louis Fousseret (PS) (since 2001) City Statistics Land area¹ 65. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Doubs Haute-Saône Jura Territoire de Belfort Arrondissements 8 Cantons 116 Communes 1,786 Statistics Land area1 16,202 km² Population (Ranked 20th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... This article is about the capital of France. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Essonne Hauts-de-Seine Paris Seine-Saint-Denis Seine-et-Marne Val-de-Marne Val-dOise Yvelines Arrondissements 25 Cantons 317 Communes 1,281 Statistics Land area1 12,012 km² Population (Ranked 1st)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Montpellier (Occitan Montpelhièr) is a city in the south of France. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Aude Gard Hérault Lozère Pyrénées-Orientales Arrondissements 14 Cantons 186 Communes 1,545 Statistics Land area1 27,376 km² Population (Ranked 10th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... This article is about the French commune. ... This article is about the modern French region of Limousin. ... City flag City coat of arms Motto: Si paix dedans, paix dehors (French: If peace inside, peace outside) Cathedral St. ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Meurthe-et-Moselle Meuse Moselle Vosges Arrondissements 19 Cantons 157 Communes 2,337 Statistics Land area1 23,547 km² Population (Ranked 11th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... New city flag (Occitan cross) Traditional coat of arms Motto: (Occitan: For Toulouse, always more) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Midi-Pyrénées Department Haute-Garonne (31) Intercommunality Community of Agglomeration of Greater Toulouse Mayor Jean-Luc Moudenc  (UMP) (since 2004) City Statistics Land... (Region flag) (Occitan cross) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Ariège Aveyron Gers Haute-Garonne Hautes-Pyrénées Lot Tarn Tarn-et-Garonne Arrondissements 22 Cantons 293 Communes 3,020 Statistics Land area1 45,348 km² Population (Ranked 8th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... For other uses, see Lille (disambiguation). ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Nord Pas-de-Calais Arrondissements 13 Cantons 156 Communes 1,546 Statistics Land area1 12,414 km² Population (Ranked 4th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Capital Caen Land area¹ 17,589 km² Regional President Philippe Duron (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... Rouen (pronounced in French, sometimes also ) is the historical capital city of Normandy, in northwestern France on the River Seine, and currently the capital of the Haute-Normandie (Upper Normandy) région. ... Capital Rouen Land area¹ 12,318 km² Regional President Alain Le Vern (PS) (since 1998) Population  - Jan. ... Traditional city flag City coat of arms Motto: Favet Neptunus eunti (Latin: Shall Neptune favour the traveller) Location Coordinates Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Administration Country Region Pays de la Loire Department Loire-Atlantique (44) Mayor Jean-Marc Ayrault  (PS) (since 1989) City Statistics Land area¹ 65. ... Capital Nantes Land area¹ 32,082 km² Regional President Jacques Auxiette (PS) (since 2004) Population  - Jan. ... Amiens is a city and commune in the north of France, 120 km north of Paris. ... (Region flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Amiens Regional President Claude Gewerc (PS) (since 2004) Departments Aisne Oise Somme Arrondissements 13 Cantons 129 Communes 2,292 Statistics Land area1 19,399 km² Population (Ranked 12th)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... Location within France Poitiers (population 85,000) is a small city located in west central France. ... Categories: Stub | Regions of France ... City flag Coat of arms Motto: By her great deeds, the city of Massilia shines The Old Port of Marseille Location Time Zone CET (GMT +1) Coordinates Administration Country Region Provence-Alpes-Côte dAzur Department Bouches-du-Rhône (13) Subdivisions 16 arrondissements (in 8 secteurs) Intercommunality Urban... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Regional President Departments Alpes-de-Haute-Provence Alpes-Maritimes Bouches-du-Rhône Hautes-Alpes Var Vaucluse Arrondissements 18 Cantons 237 Communes 963 Statistics Land area1 31,400 km² Population (Ranked 3rd)  - January 1, 2006 est. ... This article is about the French city. ... (Région flag) (Region logo) Location Administration Capital Lyon Regional President Jean-Jack Queyranne (PS) (since 2004) Departments Ain Ardèche Drôme Isère Loire Rhône Savoie Haute-Savoie Arrondissements 25 Cantons 335 Communes 2,879 Statistics Land area1 43,698 km² Population (Ranked 2nd)  - January 1, 2006... Overseas region (French: Région doutre-mer), is a recent designation given to the overseas departments which have similar powers to those of the regions of metropolitan France. ... Cayenne is the capital of the French overseas région of French Guiana. ... Basse-Terre Island (top) from space, September 1994 Basse-Terre is the name of the western of the two largest islands of Guadeloupe. ... Fort-de-France is the capital of Frances Caribbean département doutre-mer of Martinique. ... Saint-Denis de la Réunion, (or just Saint-Denis or St-Denis for short) is the préfecture (administrative capital) of the French overseas département Réunion. ...

  Results from FactBites:
 
Caen - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (1220 words)
Caen is a city and a commune of northwestern France.
Caen is known for historical buildings built in the time of William the Conqueror, who was buried here, and for the hammering it took during the Battle of Normandy in 1944.
Caen is part of 9 cantons, of which it is the chief town chief town.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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