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Encyclopedia > Cadwaladr ap Gruffydd

Cadwaladr ap Gruffydd (died 1172) was the third son of Gruffydd ap Cynan, King of Gwynedd and younger brother of Owain Gwynedd. Events Duke Richard of Aquitaine becomes Duke of Poitiers. ... Gruffydd ap Cynan (c. ... Gwynedd was one of the kingdoms or principalities of medieval Wales. ...

Contents


Appearance in history

Cadwaladr first appears in the historical record in 1136, when following the killing of the lord of Ceredigion, Richard Fitz Gilbert de Clare, he accompanied his brother Owain Gwynedd in an invasion of Ceredigion. They captured five castles in the north of Ceredigion then later in the year launched a second invasion, inflicting a heavy defeat on the Normans at the Battle of Crug Mawr, just outside Cardigan. In 1137 they captured Carmarthen, Events Completion of the Saint Denis Basilica in Paris Peter Abelard writes the Historia Calamitatum, detailing his relationship with Heloise People of Novgorod rebel against the hereditary prince Vsevolod and depose him Births Amalric I of Jerusalem William of Newburgh, English historian (died 1198) Deaths November 15 - Margrave Leopold III... For other uses please see Ceredigion (disambiguation) Ceredigion is a county in Wales. ... Son of Gilbert Fitz Richard de Clare and Alice (Adeliza) de Claremont. ... The Normans (adapted from the name Northmen or Norsemen) were a mixture of the indigenous Gauls of France and the Viking invaders under the leadership of Rollo (Gange Rolf). ... Combatants Welsh forces from Gwynedd and Deheubarth Norman forces from all the South Wales lordships Commanders Owain Gwynedd Robert Fitz Martin (???) Strength Several thousand Several thousand Casualties Said to be light Heavy The Battle of Crug Mawr took place in September or October 1136, as part of a struggle for... Cardigan could refer to any of the following: the cardigan sweater Cardigan, a town in Wales Cardiganshire, a Welsh county Cardigan, an electoral district in Canada the Cardigan Welsh Corgi, a breed of dog Lord Cardigan, charge of the Light Brigade The Cardigans, a Swedish pop group This is a... Events Louis VII is crowned King of France. ... Carmarthen (Welsh Caerfyrddin - caer fort + Myrddin Moridunum, Merlin) is the county town of Carmarthenshire, Wales. ...


Gruffydd ap Cynan died in 1137 and was succeded by Owain Gwynedd, his eldest surviving son. Cadwaladr was given lands in northern Ceredigion. Cadwaladr joined with Ranulph, Earl of Chester in the attack on Lincoln in 1141, when King Stephen of England was taken prisoner. This alliance was probably linked to Cadwaladr's marriage to Alice de Clare, daughter of Richard Fitz Gilbert de Clare. Ranulf II, inherited his palatine earldom in 1128, upon the death of his father, aged 28. ... // Lincoln may refer to: People Abraham Lincoln, the 16th President of the United States Robert Todd Lincoln, — son of Abraham Lincoln, and United States Secretary of War Aaron of Lincoln, 12th century creditor of King Henry II Blanche Lincoln, an Arkansas senator. ... Events February 2 - Battle of Lincoln. ... Stephen (1096 - October 25, 1154), the last Norman King of England, reigned from 1135 to 1154, when he was succeeded by his cousin (or, as the gossip of the time had it, his natural son) Henry II, the first of the Angevin or Plantagenet Kings. ...


In 1143 Cadwaladr's men killed Anarawd ap Gruffydd of Deheubarth by treachery, apparently on Cadwaladr's orders. Owain Gwynedd responded by sending his son Hywel ab Owain Gwynedd to deprive Cadwaladr of his lands in Ceredigion. Cadwaladr fled to Ireland where he hired a fleet from the Danish settlement in Dublin and landed at Abermenai in 1144 in an attempt to force Owain to return his lands. Cadwaladr apparently abandoned or escaped from his allies and made peace with his brother, who obliged the Danes to leave, Events Celestine II is elected pope. ... Anarawd ap Gruffydd (died 1143) was a prince of Deheubarth in south-west Wales. ... Deheubarth was a south-western kingdom or principality of medieval Wales. ... Hywel ab Owain Gwynedd (died 1170) was the illegitimate son of Owain Gwynedd prince of Gwynedd and an Irishwoman named Pyfog. ... Dublin (Irish: Baile Átha Cliath), is the capital and largest city of the Republic of Ireland, located near the midpoint of Irelands east coast, at the mouth of the River Liffey and at the centre of the Dublin Region. ... Events Louis VII capitulates to Pope Celestine II and so earns the popes absolution Pope Celestine II is succeeded by Pope Lucius II December 24 - Edessa falls to Zengi Montauban, France, is founded First recorded example of an anti-Semitic blood libel in England Normandy comes under Angevin control...


In 1147 Hywel ab Owain Gwynedd and his brother Cynan drove Cadwaladr from his remaining lands in Meirionnydd. A futher quarrel with his brother Owain led to Cadwaladr being driven into exile in England, where King Henry II later gave him lands at Hess in Shropshire. Events King Afonso I of Portugal and the Crusaders capture Lisbon from Muslims First written mention of Moscow. ... Categories: UK geography stubs | Gwynedd ... Wikimedia Commons has media related to: England Travel guide to England from Wikitravel English language English law English (people) List of monarchs of England – Kings of England family tree List of English people Angeln (region in northern Germany, presumably the origin of the Angles for whom England is named) UK... Henry II (5 March 1133 – 6 July 1189) ruled as Count of Anjou, Duke of Normandy, and as King of England (1154–1189) and, at various times, controlled parts of Wales, Scotland, eastern Ireland, and western France. ... Shropshire (abbreviated Salop or Shrops) is a traditional, ceremonial and administrative county in the West Midlands region of England. ...


Henry II's time

When Henry II invaded Gwynedd in 1157 the terms of the peace agreement between him and Owain Gwynedd included the stipulation that Cadwaladr should be given back his lands. From this time on Cadwaladr was careful to cooperate closely with his brother, helping him to capture Rhuddlan and Prestatyn castles in 1167. Events Births September 8 - King Richard I of England (died 1199) Leopold V of Austria (died 1194) Hojo Masako, wife of Minamoto no Yoritomo (died 1225) Deaths August 21 - King Alfonso VII of Castile (born 1105) Agnes of Babenberg, daughter of Leopold III of Austria Sweyn III of Denmark Yury... Events Taira no Kiyomori becomes the first samurai to be appointed Daijo Daijin, chief minister of the government of Japan Peter of Blois becomes the tutor of William II of Sicily Absalon, archbishop of Denmark, leads the first Danish synod at Lund Absalon fortifies Copenhagen William Marshal, the greatest knight...


Cadwaladr survived his brother by two years, dying in 1172. He was buried alongside Owain in Bangor Cathedral. Events Duke Richard of Aquitaine becomes Duke of Poitiers. ... Bangor Cathedral from Bangor Mountain Bangor Cathedral is a place of Christian worship situated in Bangor in North Wales in the United Kingdom. ...


Fiction

Cadwaladr's attempt to reclaim his lands with the help of a Danish fleet in 1144 forms the background to The summer of the Danes by Ellis Peters in the Brother Cadfael series. Edith Mary Pargeter (September 28, 1913 - October 14, 1995) was a prolific British author of works in many categories, especially history and historical fiction, and was also honored for her translations of Czech classics; she is probably best known for her murder mysteries, both historical and modern. ... Brother Cadfael is a fictional character, the detective in a series of murder mysteries by Edith Pargeter writing under the name Ellis Peters. ...


References

John Edward Lloyd (1911) The history of Wales from the earliest times to the Edwardian conquest (Longmans, Green & Co.) Sir John Edward Lloyd (who wrote as J E Lloyd) (1861-1947) was Wales greatest historian, the author of the first serious history of the countrys formative years, A History of Wales from the Earliest Times to the Edwardian Conquest (1911). ...


  Results from FactBites:
 
Ancestors (6033 words)
Idwal "Iwrch" Ap CADWALADR (b.ABT 0664-Of,,, Wales;)
Mrs-Anarawd Ap RHODRI (b.ABT 0861-Of,, Gwynedd, Wales;)
Llywelyn Ap MERFYN (b.ABT 0880-Of, Llandeilo, Carmarthenshire, Wales;)
RootsWeb's WorldConnect Project: Relatively Yours (942 words)
Madoc Ap Gruffydd was born 1147 in Montgomeryshire, Wales, and died 1236.
Owain Ap Gruffydd was born 1149 in Montgomeryshire, Wales, and died 1197.
Rhys Gryg "The Hoarse" Ap Rhys was born ABT.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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