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Encyclopedia > Cadillac Eldorado
Cadillac Eldorado
1959 Cadillac "rocketship" taillights (Eldorado has different trim)
Manufacturer Cadillac
Parent company General Motors
Production 1953–2002
Class Full-size personal luxury car

The Eldorado model was part of the Cadillac line from 1953 to 2002. The Cadillac Eldorado was the longest running American personal luxury car as it was the only one sold after the 1998 model year. Its main competitors included the Lincoln Mark Series and the lower-priced Buick Riviera. Cadillac Eldorado 1959 - detail I took this picture myself with a Minolta XG-1 and a 28mm f/2. ... Automakers, also known as carmakers, automobile manufacturers, motor manufacturers, or the automobile industry are companies that design and manufacture automobiles. ... For other uses, see Cadillac (disambiguation). ... General Motors Corporation, also known as GM or The General, an American multinational conglomerate corporation, is the worlds largest auto company by annual production volume for 2006, and the second largest by sales volume as of the first half of 2007, behind Toyota Motor Corporation. ... Car classification is subjective since many vehicles fall into multiple categories. ... A full-size car is term used in North America for an automobile larger than a mid-size car, usually having a wheelbase greater than 2. ... Ford Thunderbird A personal luxury car is a highly styled, luxurious automobile intended for the comfort and satisfaction of its owner/driver, sacrificing passenger space, cargo capacity, and other practical concerns for the sake of style. ... For other uses, see Cadillac (disambiguation). ... Ford Thunderbird A personal luxury car is a highly styled, luxurious automobile intended for the comfort and satisfaction of its owner/driver, sacrificing passenger space, cargo capacity, and other practical concerns for the sake of style. ... The Lincoln Mark was Lincolns 2-door personal luxury coupé from 1956 to 1998, except for 1980 to 1983 model-years when the Mark VI was also offered as a sedan (4-door). ... The Buick Riviera was an automobile produced by Buick in the United States from the 1963 to 1999 model years, with 1,127,261 produced. ...


Although cars bearing the name varied considerably in bodystyle and mechanical layout during this long period, the Eldorado models were always near the top of the Cadillac line. Nevertheless, and except for the Eldorado Brougham models of 1957–1960, the most expensive models were always the opulent, long wheel-based Series 75 sedans and limousines, not the Eldorado. Derived from a Cadillac concept vehicle exhibited during the GM Motorama of 1955, the luxurious, limited edition Eldorado Brougham models of 1957 through 1960 epitomized luxury car styling and technical/mechanical innovation of the late fifties. ... The Series 70 (models 70 and 75) was Cadillacs full-size V8-powered car from the 1930s through 1950s. ...

Contents

The Name "Eldorado"

The name was proposed for a special show car built in 1952 to mark Cadillac's Golden Anniversary; it was the result of an in-house competition won by Mary-Ann Zukosky (married name = Marini), a secretary in the company's merchandising department. Another source, Palm Springs Life magazine, attributes the name to a resort destination in California's Coachella Valley that was a favorite of General Motors executives, the Eldorado Country Club. In any case, the name was adopted by the company for a new, limited-edition convertible that was added to the line in 1953. For other uses, see Cadillac (disambiguation). ... It has been suggested that Wedding anniversary be merged into this article or section. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... General Motors Corporation, also known as GM or The General, an American multinational conglomerate corporation, is the worlds largest auto company by annual production volume for 2006, and the second largest by sales volume as of the first half of 2007, behind Toyota Motor Corporation. ...


The name Eldorado was derived from the Spanish words "el dorado", the "gilded one" or the "golden one"; the name was given originally to the legendary chief or "cacique" of a South American Indian tribe. Legend has it that his followers would sprinkle his body with gold dust on ceremonial occasions and he would wash it off again by diving into a lake. The name more frequently refers to a legendary city of fabulous riches, somewhere in South America, that inspired many European expeditions, including one to the Orinoco by England's Sir Walter Raleigh. Alternatively, Professor Walter Raleigh was a scholar and author circa 1900. ...


The 1950s

First generation
1954 Cadillac Eldorado
Production 1953-1954
Assembly Detroit, Michigan
Body style(s) 2-door coupe
2-door convertible
Layout FR layout
Engine(s) 331 ci 210 hp V8
Wheelbase 126 in
Length 220.8 in (1953)
223.4 in (1954)

The 1953 Eldorado was a special-bodied, low-production convertible (532 units in total). It was the production version of the 1952 El Dorado "Golden Anniversary" concept car. Available in four unique colors (Aztec Red, Alpine White, Azure Blue and Artisan Ochre — the latter is a yellow hue, although it was shown erroneously as black in the color folder issued on this rare model). Convertible tops were available in either black or white Orlon. There was no special badging on the car, other than the "Eldorado" nameplate, in "gold", in the center of the dash. A hard tonneau cover, flush with the rear deck, hid the top in the open car version. Although it was based on the regular Series 62 convertible and shared its engine, it was nearly twice as expensive at US$7,750. This car was 221 inches long and 79 inches wide. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1024x768, 186 KB) File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Cadillac Eldorado Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner used to... “Detroit” redirects here. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... 1995 Buick Riviera coupe A coupé (from the French for cut) or coupe is a two or four-seater car with a fixed roof and two doors. ... Saab 900 Convertible 1962 Rambler American 1981 AMC Eagle 4-WD convertible Convertible can also refer to a convertible security A convertible (sometimes called cabriolet in British English) is a car body style with a folding or retracting roof (aka soft top or top in USA, hood in UK). ... In automobile design layout is the place where both the engine and driven wheels are. ... In automobile design, an FR, or front-engine, rear wheel drive means a layout where the engine is in the front of the vehicle and drive wheels at the rear. ... The Liberty V8 aircraft engine clearly shows the configuration A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... 1938 Buick Y-Job, the first Concept car A concept car or show car is a car prototype made to showcase a concept, new styling, technology and more. ... The Series 62 replaced the mid-sized Series 70 in 1941. ... The United States dollar is the official currency of the United States. ...


This first Eldorado had a wraparound windshield and a cut-down beltline, the latter signifying a dip in the sheetmetal at the bottom of the side windows. These two touches were especially beloved by General Motors Styling Chief Harley Earl and subsequently were widely copied by other marques. In fact, throughout the 1950's, Eldorado was General Motors' styling leader, and since GM led the industry, where the Eldorado went, everyone else would tend to follow. General Motors Corporation, also known as GM or The General, an American multinational conglomerate corporation, is the worlds largest auto company by annual production volume for 2006, and the second largest by sales volume as of the first half of 2007, behind Toyota Motor Corporation. ... Harley J. Earl (November 22, 1893–April 10, 1969) was an automotive stylist and engineer and industrial designer. ...


In 1954, Eldorado lost its unique sheet metal, sharing its basic body shell with standard Cadillacs. Distinguished now mainly by trim pieces, this allowed GM to lower the price and they were rewarded with a substantial jump in sales.


1955

Second generation
1958 Cadillac Eldorado Seville
Production 1955-1958
Assembly Detroit, Michigan
Body style(s) 2-door coupe
2-door convertible
Layout FR layout
Engine(s) 365 ci 310 hp V8
331 ci 270 hp V8
Wheelbase 126 in (SWB)
129.5 in (1957-58 LWB)
129 in (1955-56)
Length 223.4 in (1958 LWB)
216.3 in (1957-58 SWB)
222.1 in (1957 LWB)
222.2 in (1956)
223.2 in (1955)

For 1955, the Eldorado's body gained its own rear end styling with high, slender, pointed tailfins. These contrasted with the rather thick, bulbous fins which were common at the time and were an example of Eldorado once again pointing the way forward. Image File history File links Size of this preview: 800 × 600 pixel Image in higher resolution (1280 × 960 pixel, file size: 315 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) (Uploaded using [tools. ... “Detroit” redirects here. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... 1995 Buick Riviera coupe A coupé (from the French for cut) or coupe is a two or four-seater car with a fixed roof and two doors. ... Saab 900 Convertible 1962 Rambler American 1981 AMC Eagle 4-WD convertible Convertible can also refer to a convertible security A convertible (sometimes called cabriolet in British English) is a car body style with a folding or retracting roof (aka soft top or top in USA, hood in UK). ... In automobile design layout is the place where both the engine and driven wheels are. ... In automobile design, an FR, or front-engine, rear wheel drive means a layout where the engine is in the front of the vehicle and drive wheels at the rear. ... The Liberty V8 aircraft engine clearly shows the configuration A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders. ... The Liberty V8 aircraft engine clearly shows the configuration A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The height of the tailfin era; the 1959 Cadillac. ...


For 1956, a two-door hardtop coupe version appeared, called the Eldorado Seville. 1995 Buick Riviera coupe A coupé (from the French for cut) or coupe is a two or four-seater car with a fixed roof and two doors. ...


1957

1957 saw the Eldorado (both the Biarritz convertible and the Seville hardtop) once again present an innovative rear-end design, a low, downswept fenderline capped by a pointed, in-board fin. The rear fenders were commonly referred to as "chipmunk cheeks". This concept was used for two years, but did not spawn any imitators.


1957 was chiefly notable, though, for the introduction of one of GM's most memorable designs, the Eldorado Brougham. This four-door hardtop with rear-opening rear doors was an ultra-luxury car that cost an astonishing $13,000+, more than the Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud of the same year. It featured a stainless steel roof, air suspension, the first dual headlights, the first memory power seats, and every possible kind of appearance and convenience feature that GM's most inventive minds could devise. This design ran for two years and of course sold in very small quantities (704 units in total) owing to the price. It has been estimated that GM lost $10,000 on every one, but these virtually hand-assembled cars are today among the rarest and most collectible of all postwar American models.[citation needed] Derived from a Cadillac concept vehicle exhibited during the GM Motorama of 1955, the luxurious, limited edition Eldorado Brougham models of 1957 through 1960 epitomized luxury car styling and technical/mechanical innovation of the late fifties. ... 1962 Rolls Royce Silver Cloud The Rolls-Royce Silver Cloud is believed by many to be the most aesthetically pleasing vehicle ever produced by the British manufacturer. ... Vehicle suspension in which compressed air is used as a spring. ... The power seat adjustments in a Lincoln Town Car. ...


The Brougham was the car that sank Packard, a long time rival of Cadillac, and one of the few other Depression survivors.[citation needed] Before 1929, America had scores of hand-made luxury cars. After WWII, only Cadillac (GM), Lincoln (Ford), Chrysler (sorta) and Packard remained. Packard declined postwar and finally conglomerated with Studebaker. Packard did not survive past 1958.
The Packard family coat of arms, adopted as the companys logo in 1928 Packard red hexagon wheel hub center made its debut in 1905, with the color red added in 1913 Packard was a United States based brand of luxury automobile built by the Packard Motor Car Company of...


1959

Third generation
1960 Cadillac Eldorado Biarritz
Production 1959-1966
Assembly Detroit, Michigan
Body style(s) 2-door coupe
2-door convertible
Layout FR layout
Engine(s) 429 ci 340 hp V8
Wheelbase 129.5 in (1963-68)
130 in (1959-62)
Length 224.5 in (1966)
224 in (1965)
223.5 in (1964)
223 in (1963)
222 in (1961-62)
225 in (1959-60)

A different Eldorado Brougham was sold for 1959 and 1960. These cars were not quite so extravagantly styled but were very unusual pieces in themselves. Priced at $13,075, they cost $1 more, each, than their older siblings. The design was 100% Cadillac but the company contracted out the assembly to Pininfarina of Italy, with whom the division has had a long-running relationship, and these Eldorados were essentially hand-built in Italy. Their discreet, narrow taillights, nicely integrated into modest tailfins, contrasted sharply with the "rocketship" taillights and massive fins of the standard 1959 Cadillacs and were an indication of where Caddy styling would go in the next few years. However, build quality was not nearly to the standard of the Detroit hand-built 1957–1958s, and the 1959–1960 Broughams are less desirable, it seems, than the 1st generation Broughams, although their value and collectibility remain high. Image File history File links Download high resolution version (1024x768, 157 KB) 1960 Cadillac Eldorado Biarritz Source: Photographed at the Bay State Antique Automobile Clubs July 10, 2005 show at the Endicott Estate in Dedham, MA by User:Sfoskett File links The following pages link to this file: Cadillac... “Detroit” redirects here. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... 1995 Buick Riviera coupe A coupé (from the French for cut) or coupe is a two or four-seater car with a fixed roof and two doors. ... Saab 900 Convertible 1962 Rambler American 1981 AMC Eagle 4-WD convertible Convertible can also refer to a convertible security A convertible (sometimes called cabriolet in British English) is a car body style with a folding or retracting roof (aka soft top or top in USA, hood in UK). ... In automobile design layout is the place where both the engine and driven wheels are. ... In automobile design, an FR, or front-engine, rear wheel drive means a layout where the engine is in the front of the vehicle and drive wheels at the rear. ... The Liberty V8 aircraft engine clearly shows the configuration A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders. ... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... Pininfarina logo. ...


The last Eldorado Seville was built in 1960. After that, the Eldorado convertible became essentially a trim version of the standard Cadillac convertible. With the end of the importation of the Italian-built Eldorados in 1960, the name entered something of a fallow period.


The 1960s

An Eldorado convertible would remain in the Cadillac line through 1966, but its differences from the rest of the line were generally modest. In 1964, probably the most distinctive year during this period, the main visual cue indicating an Eldorado was simply the lack of fender skirts.
1962 Cadillac Series 62 with rear wheels covered by detachable Fender Skirts 1986 Citroën CX Fender skirts are pieces of bodywork that cover the upper portions of the rear tires of an automobile. ...


1967

Cadillac Eldorado
Cadillac Eldorado
Fourth generation
1968 Cadillac Eldorado
Production 1967-1970
Assembly Detroit, Michigan
Body style(s) 2-door coupe
Layout FF layout
Platform E-body
Engine(s) 8.2L V8
Transmission(s) 3-speed automatic
Wheelbase 120 in
Length 221 in
Related Oldsmobile Toronado

The Eldorado was radically redesigned for 1967. Intended for the burgeoning personal luxury car market, it was a "personal" Cadillac sharing the E-body with the Buick Riviera and Oldsmobile Toronado that had been introduced the previous year. Cadillac adopted the Toronado's unique Unified Powerplant Package and front-wheel drive. The Eldorado used a standard Cadillac 429 V8 with a modified Turbo-Hydramatic (THM425, based on the Turbo-Hydramatic 400) with the torque converter mounted next to the planetary gearbox, driving it through a metal chain. Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Image File history File links 1968_Eldorado. ... “Detroit” redirects here. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... 1995 Buick Riviera coupe A coupé (from the French for cut) or coupe is a two or four-seater car with a fixed roof and two doors. ... In automobile design layout is the place where both the engine and driven wheels are. ... In automobile design, an FF, or Front-engine, Front wheel drive, layout places both the engine and driven wheels at the front of the vehicle. ... An automobile platform is a shared set of components common to a number of different automobiles. ... The General Motors E platform (commonly called the E-body) was a personal luxury car automobile platform produced from 1966 to 2002. ... The Liberty V8 aircraft engine clearly shows the configuration A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders. ... “Gearbox” redirects here. ... The automatic gear selector in a Ford Five Hundred vehicle An automatic transmission (commonly abbreviated as AT) is an automobile gearbox that can change gear ratios automatically as the vehicle moves, thus freeing the driver from having to shift gears manually (similar but larger devices are also used for railroad... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Toronado was produced by the Oldsmobile Division of General Motors from 1966 to 1992. ... Ford Thunderbird A personal luxury car is a highly styled, luxurious automobile intended for the comfort and satisfaction of its owner/driver, sacrificing passenger space, cargo capacity, and other practical concerns for the sake of style. ... The General Motors E platform (commonly called the E-body) was a personal luxury car automobile platform produced from 1966 to 2002. ... The Buick Riviera was an automobile produced by Buick in the United States from the 1963 to 1999 model years, with 1,127,261 produced. ... The Toronado was produced by the Oldsmobile Division of General Motors from 1966 to 1992. ... Front-wheel drive is the most common form of engine/transmission layout used in modern passenger cars, where the engine drives the front wheels. ... Cadillac was the first automobile maker to mass produce a V8 engine. ... Turbo-Hydramatic is the registered tradename of an automatic transmission developed and produced by General Motors. ... Turbo-Hydramatic is the registered tradename of an automatic transmission developed and produced by General Motors. ... ZF torque converter A cut-away model of a torque converter A torque converter is a modified form of a hydrodynamic fluid coupling, and like the fluid coupling, is used to transfer rotating power from a prime mover, such as an internal combustion engine or electric motor, to a rotating... Epicyclic gearing is used here to increase output speed. ...


Despite sharing a body shell with the Toronado and Riviera, the Eldorado's crisp styling, initiated by GM styling chief Bill Mitchell, was distinctive and unique, with hidden headlights and a long-hood, short-deck look. Performance was 0–60 mph (0–96 km/h) in less than nine seconds and a top speed of 120 mph (192 km/h). Roadability and handling were highly praised by contemporary reviews. Disc brakes were optional in 1967 and standard starting in 1968. Sales were excellent despite high list prices. William T. Mitchell (July 2, 1912 — September 12, 1988) was an important General Motors designer from the late 1930s to the late 1970s. ... 1937 Cord 812 with hidden lights 1967 Ford Thunderbird with hidden lights Hidden headlights are an automotive styling feature that conceals an automobiles headlights when not in use. ... It has been suggested that this article or section be merged into Vehicle brake. ...


For 1968 the Eldorado gained slight exterior changes to comply with new federal safety and emissions legislation, and as with the rest of the Cadillac lineup, a new 472 cu in (7.7 L) V8 engine rated at 375 hp (280 kW) (SAE gross). In 1969 it lost its hidden headlamps and picked up as options a halo vinyl roof and later in the model year a power sunroof option. For the 1970 model year, this body style Eldorado introduced the new 500 in³ (8.2 L) V8 engine, the largest-ever production V8 [rated SAE gross 400 hp (298 kW) / 550 ft · lbf (746 N · m) in 1970] that would be an Eldorado exclusive until it became standard on all full size Caddies for model year 1975.
Vinyl roof refers to a vinyl covering for an automobiles top. ... Open sunroof in a Peugeot 206. ...


The 1970s

Fifth generation
1972 Cadillac Eldorado
Production 1971-1978
Assembly Linden, New Jersey
Detroit, Michigan
Body style(s) 2-door coupe
2-door convertible
Layout FF layout
Platform E-body
Engine(s) 8.2L V8 (1971-76)
7L V8 (1977-78)
Transmission(s) 3-speed automatic
Wheelbase 126.3 in
Length 224 in (1977-78)
224.1 in (1974-76)
223 in (1971-73)
Width 79.8 in
Height 54.2 in
Related Oldsmobile Toronado
Buick Riviera (1971-76)

Image File history File links No higher resolution available. ... Linden is a city in southeastern Union County, New Jersey, United States. ... “Detroit” redirects here. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... 1995 Buick Riviera coupe A coupé (from the French for cut) or coupe is a two or four-seater car with a fixed roof and two doors. ... Saab 900 Convertible 1962 Rambler American 1981 AMC Eagle 4-WD convertible Convertible can also refer to a convertible security A convertible (sometimes called cabriolet in British English) is a car body style with a folding or retracting roof (aka soft top or top in USA, hood in UK). ... In automobile design layout is the place where both the engine and driven wheels are. ... In automobile design, an FF, or Front-engine, Front wheel drive, layout places both the engine and driven wheels at the front of the vehicle. ... An automobile platform is a shared set of components common to a number of different automobiles. ... The General Motors E platform (commonly called the E-body) was a personal luxury car automobile platform produced from 1966 to 2002. ... The Liberty V8 aircraft engine clearly shows the configuration A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders. ... “Gearbox” redirects here. ... The automatic gear selector in a Ford Five Hundred vehicle An automatic transmission (commonly abbreviated as AT) is an automobile gearbox that can change gear ratios automatically as the vehicle moves, thus freeing the driver from having to shift gears manually (similar but larger devices are also used for railroad... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Toronado was produced by the Oldsmobile Division of General Motors from 1966 to 1992. ... The Buick Riviera was an automobile produced by Buick in the United States from the 1963 to 1999 model years, with 1,127,261 produced. ...

1971

When GM's full-size cars were redesigned for 1971, the Eldorado regained both a convertible model and its fender skirts. The 126.3 inch wheelbase version of the Eldorado would run through 1978, receiving facelifts in 1973 and 1975. 1962 Cadillac Series 62 with rear wheels covered by detachable Fender Skirts 1986 Citroën CX Fender skirts are pieces of bodywork that cover the upper portions of the rear tires of an automobile. ...


The Cadillac Eldorado was chosen as the pace car for the Indianapolis 500 Mile Race in 1973. All in all, Cadillac produced 566 of these special pace car convertibles. 33 were used at the track during the race week and the remaining 513 cars were distributed to the U.S. Cadillac dealers (one for each dealership), which were then sold to the general public.


In 1976, when all other domestic convertibles had vanished, GM heavily promoted the American industry's only remaining convertible as "the last American convertible". 14,000 would be sold, many purchased as investments. In 1983, when GM reintroduced convertibles, 1976 Eldorado owners launched an unsuccessful class action lawsuit who felt they had been deceived.


For 1977, the Eldorado received a new grille with a finer crosshatch pattern. The convertible was canceled, and in its place, a new top-line Eldorado Biarritz, which featured plusher appointments, brushed aluminum side trim, coach lights, and 50/50 pillow-topped upholstery. This was the first time the Biarritz name had been in the Eldorado line since 1960. The 8.2L V8 of 1970-76 gave way to a new 7L V8 with 180bhp. Minor changes followed in 1978.


This generation of Eldorados produced between 1971 and 1978 were sometimes customized (as stereotyped "pimpmobiles") (bro cars) and seen in blaxploitation films like Superfly, The Mack, and Willie Dynamite (the pimped-out Eldorado seen in Willie Dynamite is similar to the one seen in Magnum Force). An Eldorado was also used in Rob Zombie's second film, The Devil's Rejects as the car that the character Charlie, also a pimp, drove. Customizers such as Les Dunham Coachworks have modified brand-new Eldorados with headlight covers (commonly known as Superfly headlights), grille caps, a 1941 goddess hood ornament, lake pipes, and thick-padded vinyl tops, usually with circular porthole windows. Superfly poster showing pimpmobile A pimpmobile is a large luxury automobile that has been heavily customized in a garish, extravagant style to advertise its owners wealth and importance. ... Superfly is a 1972 (see 1972 in film) blaxploitation film known primarily for its soundtrack by soul singer Curtis Mayfield (see Superfly (soundtrack)). The movie starred Ron ONeal as Youngblood Priest, a cocaine dealer who is trying to quit the business. ... The Mack is a 1970s blaxploitation movie starring Max Julien and Richard Pryor. ... Willie Dynamite is a blaxploitation film which features Roscoe Orman (of Sesame Street fame) as a pimp who lives the life. This film, unlike Superfly, is more dramatic to which someone intervenes. ... Magnum Force was the first of the sequels to the film Dirty Harry, starring Clint Eastwood as maverick cop Dirty Harry Callahan. ... The Devils Rejects is a 2005 horror film written and directed by Rob Zombie. ...

The 1980s

Sixth generation
Cadillac Eldorado
Production 1979-1985
Assembly Linden, New Jersey
Detroit, Michigan
Body style(s) 2-door coupe
2-door convertible
Layout FF layout
Platform E-body
Engine(s) 4.1L V8
4.1L V6
5.7L V8
Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic
Wheelbase 114 in
Length 204.5 in (1982-85)
204 in (1979-1981)
Width 71.4 in (1979-1981)
71.5 in (1982-83)
70.6 in (1984-85)
Height 54.3 in (1982-85)
54.2 in (1979-1981)
Related Buick Riviera
Oldsmobile Toronado

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 415 pixelsFull resolution (2604 × 1352 pixel, file size: 334 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Linden is a city in southeastern Union County, New Jersey, United States. ... “Detroit” redirects here. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... 1995 Buick Riviera coupe A coupé (from the French for cut) or coupe is a two or four-seater car with a fixed roof and two doors. ... Saab 900 Convertible 1962 Rambler American 1981 AMC Eagle 4-WD convertible Convertible can also refer to a convertible security A convertible (sometimes called cabriolet in British English) is a car body style with a folding or retracting roof (aka soft top or top in USA, hood in UK). ... In automobile design layout is the place where both the engine and driven wheels are. ... In automobile design, an FF, or Front-engine, Front wheel drive, layout places both the engine and driven wheels at the front of the vehicle. ... An automobile platform is a shared set of components common to a number of different automobiles. ... The General Motors E platform (commonly called the E-body) was a personal luxury car automobile platform produced from 1966 to 2002. ... The Liberty V8 aircraft engine clearly shows the configuration A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders. ... The Ford Essex V6 engine V6 and V-6 redirect here. ... The Liberty V8 aircraft engine clearly shows the configuration A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders. ... “Gearbox” redirects here. ... The automatic gear selector in a Ford Five Hundred vehicle An automatic transmission (commonly abbreviated as AT) is an automobile gearbox that can change gear ratios automatically as the vehicle moves, thus freeing the driver from having to shift gears manually (similar but larger devices are also used for railroad... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Buick Riviera was an automobile produced by Buick in the United States from the 1963 to 1999 model years, with 1,127,261 produced. ... The Toronado was produced by the Oldsmobile Division of General Motors from 1966 to 1992. ...

1979

For 1979, a new, trimmer Eldorado was introduced, and for the first time the car shared its chassis with the Buick Riviera as well as the Toronado. Smaller 350 and 368 in³ (5.7 and 6.0 L) V8's replaced the 500 and 425 in³ (8.2 and 7.0 L) of the preceding model, giving better fuel efficiency. For 1979, it was offered only with the Oldsmobile 350 as standard,i have 79 cadillac 350 then in 1980 this was replaced with the Cadillac 368 (see below for this engine's origins). For California only, the Olds 350 was retained for 1980. In both the 1980 Seville and Eldorado (which shared their frames), the 368s in 1980 came with DEFI, whereas for the larger RWD Cadillacs, the 368 only came with a 4-barrel Quadrjet carburetor. Independent rear suspension was adopted, helping retain rear-seat and trunk room in the smaller body. The most notable styling touch was an extreme notchback roofline, making the rear window almost vertical. The Eldorado Biarritz model resurrected the stainless-steel roof concept from the first Brougham. Although downsized, these Eldorados were still substantial-sized cars with good room and power. The Buick Riviera was an automobile produced by Buick in the United States from the 1963 to 1999 model years, with 1,127,261 produced. ... Independent suspension is broad term for any automobile suspension system that allows each wheel on the same axle to move vertically (i. ...


An unfortunate interlude occurred in 1981, when Cadillac's disastrous V8-6-4 variable displacement engine was installed. This powerplant, controlled by a new and elaborate electronic monitoring system, was supposed to deactivate some cylinders when full power was not needed, helping meet GM's obligations under the government fuel economy ("CAFE") standards. Unfortunately it did not work as planned, and sometimes it did not work at all. It was a reduced bore version of the 1968 model-year 472, sharing that engine's stroke and also that of the model-year 1977-1979 425 (note: the new small 1979 Eldorado did not use the 425, only the Oldsmobile-sourced 350). The engine itself was extremely rugged and durable, but the complex electronics were the source of customer complaints. Nevertheless, the Eldorado's reputation was not permanently hurt, and sales rose to unprecedented heights, nearly 100,000 units by 1984, an astonishing volume for one of the most expensive models available. Cadillac was the first automobile maker to mass produce a V8 engine. ... Variable displacement is an automobile engine technology that allows the engine displacement to change for improved fuel economy. ... The Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFE) regulations in the United States, first enacted by Congress in 1975,[1] are federal regulations intended to improve the average fuel economy of cars and light trucks (trucks, vans and sport utility vehicles) sold in the US in the wake of the 1973 Arab...


Another disastrous engine option was the 350 in³ (5.7 L) Oldsmobile Diesel, first offered in 1979. Designed as a specific block, rather than a sleeved gasoline conversion, the engine was plagued with problems - drivers were unfamiliar with diesel vehicles (e.g. not waiting for glow plug warmup), and the head bolts were inadequate for the 22:1 compression design, leading to frequent head gasket failures. Subsequent revisions to the block and heads improved things, and the engine was de-rated from 120 hp (89 kW) to 105 hp (78 kW) by 1981. The history of these multiple failures frequently resulted in dealer-provided gasoline-conversions of those vehicles, and the option was dropped by 1985. Oldsmobile developed three Diesel engines for the 1980s - two V8s and this 263 in³ (4. ... This article does not cite any references or sources. ... Used glow plug from an Vauxhall/Opel Astra turbo diesel engine Glow plugs are used to heat the combustion chambers of some diesel engines in cold conditions to help ignition at coldstart. ...


In 1984, Cadillac also introduced a convertible version of Eldorado Biarritz. It was 200 pounds (91 kg) heavier, but featured same interior of other Biarritz versions. (Some 1984s were optioned with Cragar Star Wire 30-spoke rims, known in the hip-hop slang as Swangas; these rims have been reproduced by Texan Wire Wheels since 2006.) The model year of 1985 was the last year the factory-made Eldorado convertible was ever produced. Because of its limited edition (around 1000 total), the convertible models are now highly sought after by numerous collectors.


Of all Eldorados, this generation can claim to be the best suited to the market and the times.


1986

Seventh generation
Cadillac Eldorado 1986-1991
Production 1986-1991
Assembly Hamtramck, Michigan
Body style(s) 2-door coupe
Layout FF layout
Platform E-body
Engine(s) 4.9L 200 hp V8
Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic
Wheelbase 108 in
Length 191.4 in (1989-1991)
191.2 in (1986-88)
Width 72.4 in (1989-1991)
71.7 in (1986-88)
Height 53.2 in (1989-1991)
53.7 in (1986-88)
Related Buick Riviera
Oldsmobile Toronado

For 1986, yet another downsizing occurred, and it was fairly extreme. In fact, the costly Eldorado was now the same size that GM's own compact cars had been only a few years earlier, and much smaller than Lincoln's competing Mark VII. Its styling seemed stubby, and in a final unfortunate flourish, for the first time the Eldorado abandoned its hardtop heritage and had sedan frames around its windows. News reports later indicated that GM had been led astray by a consultant's prediction that gasoline would be at $3 per US gallon in the U.S. by 1986 and that very small luxury cars would be in demand. In fact, gasoline prices were less than half that and the market reacted with horror. Seldom has any model experienced a more precipitous fall. Sales were only about a fifth of what they had been two years earlier. Despite some frantic facelifting and a slight sales recovery, this Eldorado never engaged the esteem of buyers or critics and is now generally regarded as a mistake. It staggered on through 1991. Image File history File linksMetadata Download high-resolution version (1200x680, 127 KB) Summary Licensing File links The following pages on the English Wikipedia link to this file (pages on other projects are not listed): Cadillac Eldorado Metadata This file contains additional information, probably added from the digital camera or scanner... Hamtramck is a city in Wayne County of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... 1995 Buick Riviera coupe A coupé (from the French for cut) or coupe is a two or four-seater car with a fixed roof and two doors. ... In automobile design layout is the place where both the engine and driven wheels are. ... In automobile design, an FF, or Front-engine, Front wheel drive, layout places both the engine and driven wheels at the front of the vehicle. ... An automobile platform is a shared set of components common to a number of different automobiles. ... The General Motors E platform (commonly called the E-body) was a personal luxury car automobile platform produced from 1966 to 2002. ... The Liberty V8 aircraft engine clearly shows the configuration A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders. ... “Gearbox” redirects here. ... The automatic gear selector in a Ford Five Hundred vehicle An automatic transmission (commonly abbreviated as AT) is an automobile gearbox that can change gear ratios automatically as the vehicle moves, thus freeing the driver from having to shift gears manually (similar but larger devices are also used for railroad... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... The Buick Riviera was an automobile produced by Buick in the United States from the 1963 to 1999 model years, with 1,127,261 produced. ... The Toronado was produced by the Oldsmobile Division of General Motors from 1966 to 1992. ... The Continental Mark VII, later called just Mark VII, was a large luxurious coupe from Lincoln. ...


The chassis and engine of this generation were adapted for use with the Cadillac Allanté roadster, another project created with Pininfarina. The Cadillac Allanté was Cadillacs first venture into the luxury roadster market and was sold from 1987 through 1993. ... Pininfarina logo. ...


The prediction of the price of gasoline increasing to $3 per gallon in the U.S. (and subsequently well above in some states and occasions) ultimately came to be true in September, 2005, in the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina. Later hikes to such a level short-term appeared to be of seasonal nature.
This article or section contains speculation and may try to argue its points. ... Official language(s) English Capital Sacramento Largest city Los Angeles Largest metro area Greater Los Angeles Area  Ranked 3rd  - Total 158,302 sq mi (410,000 km²)  - Width 250 miles (400 km)  - Length 770 miles (1,240 km)  - % water 4. ... This article is about the Atlantic hurricane of 2005. ... Download high resolution version (1024x768, 22 KB)Short-term (two-year) chart showing average gasoline prices in the United States. ...


The 1990s

Eighth generation
Cadillac Eldorado
Production 1992-2002
Assembly Hamtramck, Michigan
Lansing, Michigan
Body style(s) 2-door coupe
Layout FF layout
Platform E-body
Engine(s) 4.6L 275 hp V8 (1995-2002)
4.6L 300 hp V8 (1995-2002)
4.9L 200 hp V8 (1992-94)
Transmission(s) 4-speed automatic
Wheelbase 108 in
Length 202.2 in (1992-94)
200.6 in (1995-2002)
Width 75.5 in (1992-94, 2000-02)
75.4 in (1995-99)
Height 54 in (1992-94, 1998-99)
53.6 in (1995-97, 2000-02)
Related Buick Park Avenue
Buick Riviera
Cadillac Seville
Oldsmobile Aurora

Image File history File links Metadata Size of this preview: 800 × 419 pixelsFull resolution (2100 × 1100 pixel, file size: 217 KB, MIME type: image/jpeg) File historyClick on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. ... Hamtramck is a city in Wayne County of the U.S. state of Michigan. ... Location in Ingham County, Michigan1 Coordinates: Country United States State Michigan County Ingham, Eaton Settled 1835 Incorporation 1859 Government  - Type Strong Mayor-Council  - Mayor Virg Bernero (D) Area  - City  35. ... Cars can come in a large variety of different body styles. ... 1995 Buick Riviera coupe A coupé (from the French for cut) or coupe is a two or four-seater car with a fixed roof and two doors. ... In automobile design layout is the place where both the engine and driven wheels are. ... In automobile design, an FF, or Front-engine, Front wheel drive, layout places both the engine and driven wheels at the front of the vehicle. ... An automobile platform is a shared set of components common to a number of different automobiles. ... The General Motors E platform (commonly called the E-body) was a personal luxury car automobile platform produced from 1966 to 2002. ... The Liberty V8 aircraft engine clearly shows the configuration A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders. ... The Liberty V8 aircraft engine clearly shows the configuration A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders. ... The Liberty V8 aircraft engine clearly shows the configuration A V8 engine is a V engine with eight cylinders. ... “Gearbox” redirects here. ... The automatic gear selector in a Ford Five Hundred vehicle An automatic transmission (commonly abbreviated as AT) is an automobile gearbox that can change gear ratios automatically as the vehicle moves, thus freeing the driver from having to shift gears manually (similar but larger devices are also used for railroad... This article or section does not cite its references or sources. ... See Buick Park Avenue (China) for the Chinese built vehicle of the same name. ... The Buick Riviera was an automobile produced by Buick in the United States from the 1963 to 1999 model years, with 1,127,261 produced. ... The Cadillac Seville was a luxury car manufactured by the Cadillac division of American automaker General Motors. ... The Oldsmobile Aurora was a luxury car made by the Oldsmobile division of General Motors and launched in 1995. ...

1992

For 1992, a new Eldorado appeared. It was in fact only slightly bigger than its predecessor, but it was so much more adroitly styled that it seemed greatly so. Window glass was once again frameless, and shortly after introduction Cadillac's new Northstar V8 became available. The combination of sleek styling and increased power seemed more like the great Eldorados of the past, and reviews were generally good. Sales were up, though never again at record heights. Buyers were seemingly turning against two-door bodies, as illustrated by the fact that the Eldorado's very similar four-door relative, the Cadillac Seville, consistently outsold it. Northstar is Cadillacs name for its DOHC V8 engine. ... The Cadillac Seville was a luxury car manufactured by the Cadillac division of American automaker General Motors. ...


The Eldorado continued for the rest of the decade with incremental changes and gradually tapering sales. In the wake of declining sales, circulating reports that the Eldorado would get a redesign for 1999 - similar to that which its Seville platform mate underwent for 1998 - would prove false as the car soldiered on largely unchanged into the new millennium.


The 2000s

2002 Cadillac Eldorado ETC
2002 Cadillac Eldorado ETC

Having lost its only remaining 2-door platform mate — the Buick Riviera — after the 1999 model year, rumors of the Eldorado's imminent demise began to circulate. GM showed a lowered, customized Eldorado-based concept at the 2000 North American International Auto Show, which was called EldoRODo, to little media or public interest. Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... Wikipedia does not have an article with this exact name. ... NAIAS 2005, near the Audi exhibit. ...


Not long after, GM announced that the Eldorado's 50th model year, 2002, would be its last. To mark the end of the historic name, a limited production run 1,596 of cars in red or white - the colors available on the original 1953 convertible - were produced in three batches of 532, signifying the Eldorado's first year of production. The last cars had exhausts that were specially tuned to imitate the note of their illustrious forerunners from a half-century earlier and dash-mounted placques indicating each car's sequence in production. Production ended on April 22, 2002[1] retooling the Lansing Craft Centre to build the Chevrolet SSR. is the 112th day of the year (113th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ... Also see: 2002 (number). ... The Lansing Craft Centre is a specialized General Motors automobile factory in Lansing, Michigan. ... The Chevrolet SSR (the SSR standing for Super Sport Roadster) was a convertible pickup truck produced from the Chevrolet division of American automaker General Motors from 2003 through 2006. ...


References

  1. ^ Flores, Dan (2007-04-22). Cadillac Commemorates the End of an Era as the Last Eldorado Rolls Off the Assembly Line. press release. GM Media Online. Retrieved on 2007-08-12.

General Motors Corporation, also known as GM or The General, an American multinational conglomerate corporation, is the worlds largest auto company by annual production volume for 2006, and the second largest by sales volume as of the first half of 2007, behind Toyota Motor Corporation. ... Year 2007 (MMVII) is the current year, a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar and the AD/CE era in the 21st century. ... is the 224th day of the year (225th in leap years) in the Gregorian calendar. ...

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Cadillac Eldorado
  • Official website — certified pre-owned vehicles

Product information on: Image File history File links Commons-logo. ...

  • 2002,
  • 2001 and
  • 2000 models.


 v  d  e Cadillac, a division of General Motors, road car timeline, 1980s-present
Type 1980s 1990s 2000s
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Entry-Level Cimarron BLS
Catera CTS CTS
Mid-size Seville Seville Seville Seville STS
Full-size DeVille DeVille DeVille DeVille DTS
Fleetwood Fleetwood Fleetwood
Brougham
Eldorado Eldorado Eldorado
Crossover SRX
SUV Escalade Escalade Escalade
Roadster Allanté XLR

  Results from FactBites:
 
Cadillac Eldorado - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (2528 words)
The Cadillac Eldorado was the longest running American personal luxury car as it was the only one sold after the 1998 model year.
An Eldorado convertible would remain in the Cadillac line through 1966, but its differences from the rest of the line were generally modest.
For 1968 the Eldorado gained slight exterior changes to comply with new federal safety and emissions legislation, and as with the rest of the Cadillac lineup, a new 472 in³ (7.7 L) V8 engine rated at 375 hp (sea gross).
Cadillac Eldorado Brougham - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia (417 words)
Derived from a Cadillac concept vehicle exhibited during the GM Motorama of 1955, the Eldorado Brougham models of 1957 through 1960 were designed to showcase Cadillac's abilities as a maker of luxury vehicles.
While no single Cadillac stylist may be credited with the final design, the latter began on the drawing boards of Bob Scheelk, a new recruit to the GM Styling Section.
On September 15, 1955, the Cadillac Styling Section moved from its old quarters in downtown Detroit to the new, more modern General Motors Technical Center in Warren, north of the Motor City.
  More results at FactBites »

 
 

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